601 results match your criteria Applied Neuropsychology-adult[Journal]


Comparing indices of objective and subjective neuropsychological impairments in service members with mild traumatic brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 1:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Research Programs, Fort Belvoir Community Hospital, Fort Belvoir, VA, USA.

Neuropsychological impairments are evaluated using subjective measures and objective tests, although their relationship remains unclear. This is likely because objective data is interpreted in terms of absolute level of functioning (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1763999DOI Listing

The Birthday Party Test (BPT); A new picture description test to support the assessment of simultanagnosia in patients with acquired brain injury.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jun 1:1-14. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Clinical and Developmental Neuropsychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

There is broad consensus on the utility of complex pictures in the assessment of simultanagnosia in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). To overcome various shortcomings of current instruments, we have developed the Birthday Party Test (BPT); a picture description test that contains a neutral scene, a balanced representation of events, and provides clear instructions and a scoring-aid. We have applied the BPT in a large group of patients with ABI ( = 502) and in an age-matched healthy control group ( = 194). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1763998DOI Listing

Multimethod assessment of driving in older adults using a novel driving simulator.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 29:1-10. Epub 2020 May 29.

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Institute for Dementia Research and Prevention, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

Driving simulators may be an effective means of assessing driving performance, however many are cost-prohibitive. The present pilot study examined whether a novel, cost-effective driving simulator (Assetto Corsa (AC)) may be useful in the evaluation of older adults' driving performance, and explore associations among various driving safety indicators. A community sample of older adults completed a battery of cognitive measures, several self-reported driving measures, and a novel driving simulator task (AC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1769098DOI Listing

Cognitive profiles in persons with opioid use disorder enrolled in methadone treatment.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 28:1-7. Epub 2020 May 28.

Institute for Collaboration on Health, Intervention, and Policy, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.

Cognitive impairment is common in persons with opioid use disorder and associated with poor treatment outcomes, including elevated risk for relapse. Much less is known about the underlying structure of these deficits and the possible presence of cognitive phenotypes. A total of 177 adults (average 42. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1769099DOI Listing

Detecting feigned symptoms of depression, anxiety, and ADHD, in college students with the structured inventory of malingered symptomatology.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 26:1-9. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Research consistently shows how easily students can feign symptoms of ADHD on self-report checklists to determine eligibility for curricular and standardized testing accommodations. However, it is unclear how easily students can feign psychological symptoms to accesses academic accommodations, making the assessment of symptom validity important in both populations. Using a between-subjects design, 75 college students were randomly assigned to one of three groups: (1) coached feigning of ADHD, (2) coached feigning of depression and anxiety (DA), and (3) honest responding (HR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1769097DOI Listing

Global executive dysfunction, not core executive skills, mediate the relationship between adversity exposure and later health in undergraduate students.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 23:1-7. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Psychology, Centre for Mental Health Research and Treatment, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Executive function (EF) represents a set of higher-order cognitive skills that permit engagement in goal-oriented behavior. EF deficits are associated with wide-ranging negative health-related consequences, including psychopathology and engagement in risky health-related behaviors. Because neural substrates supporting EF develop over a protracted period of time, an extended window of vulnerability exists whereby environmental stressors can interrupt development, culminating in lifelong EF deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1764561DOI Listing

The BNT-15 provides an accurate measure of English proficiency in cognitively intact bilinguals - a study in cross-cultural assessment.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 25:1-13. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada.

This study was designed to replicate earlier reports of the utility of the Boston Naming Test - Short Form (BNT-15) as an index of limited English proficiency (LEP). Twenty-eight English-Arabic bilingual student volunteers were administered the BNT-15 as part of a brief battery of cognitive tests. The majority (23) were women, and half had LEP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1760277DOI Listing

The discounted future: Relationship between temporal discounting and future thinking in Alzheimer's disease.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 19:1-7. Epub 2020 May 19.

Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire, Maison de la recherche Germaine Tillion, UNIV Angers, Nantes Université, Angers, France.

Temporal discounting refers to the tendency to prefer smaller sooner rewards over larger later rewards. Prior research has reported temporal discounting in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We thus investigated, in this study, the relationship between temporal discounting and future thinking in AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1764958DOI Listing

Cultural factors related to neuropsychological performance and brain atrophy among Hispanic older adults with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI): A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 12:1-9. Epub 2020 May 12.

Mt. Sinai Medical Center, Wien Center for Alzheimer's Disease and Memory Disorders, Miami Beach, FL, USA.

This study examined the association of cultural factors and literacy to neuropsychological performance and measures of regional brain atrophy among Hispanic elders diagnosed with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI). Acculturation and literacy levels were measured among 45 subjects tested in Spanish; their primary language. Scores for measures of memory, executive functioning, and verbal fluency, as well as volumetric analysis of MRI scans of left hemisphere structures commonly affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1761368DOI Listing

Developing Verb Picture Naming Test for Persian adults and determining its psychometric properties.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 12:1-10. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

There are a few standardized assessment tools in Persian language. The present study was carried out to develop a Verb Picture Naming Test and assessing its psychometric properties. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 230 verbs were selected based on their frequency, familiarity, age of acquisition, visual complexity, name agreement, image agreement, syllable length, transitivity, and compound or simple verbs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1762085DOI Listing

Misleading conclusions about word memory test results in multiple sclerosis (MS) by Loring and Goldstein (2019).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 12:1-9. Epub 2020 May 12.

Green's Publishing, Kelowna, BC, Canada.

Loring and Goldstein presented a case of a woman with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) who failed the traditional performance validity criteria of the WMT. Scoring lower than the mean from patients with Alzheimer's Disease on extremely easy subtests, the patient carried on to produce a WMT profile which is typical of someone with invalid test results, based on the usual interpretation, which is standardized within the Advanced Interpretation Program. Statements were made that are incorrect, including the claim there are no available data on the WMT in MS patients, that the minor tranquilizer Lorazepam can explain WMT failure even in healthy adults and that this patient produced a neuropsychological profile that is credible and typical of MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1748035DOI Listing

RehaCom rehabilitation training improves a wide-range of cognitive functions in multiple sclerosis patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 5:1-11. Epub 2020 May 5.

Cognitive and Neuroscience Research Center (CNRC), Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that impairs cognitive performance. Attention, response control, working memory, and processing speed are highly impaired in MS. On the other hand, RehaCom is a computerized software that improves cognitive dysfunctions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1747070DOI Listing

Persistent post-concussive symptoms: A model of predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 May 1:1-11. Epub 2020 May 1.

Division of Medical Psychology, Department of Neurology, LifeBridge Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

While the majority of individuals make full recovery within a short period following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), some continue to experience a more chronic course of symptoms termed persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS). Previous models and conceptualizations of PPCS have typically not differentiated the time at which factors present across the injury timeline spectrum or have considered a limited array of contributory factors. In the current review, PPCS are examined within the predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating (PPP) model, which has been applied to explain other syndromes resulting in a clear framework to explain, disseminate, and further research the specified condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1748032DOI Listing

Neuropsychological profile of Alzheimer's disease based on amyloid biomarker findings results from a South American cohort.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 30:1-6. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Memory and Aging Centre, Fleni, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Increased life expectancy and exponential growth of adults suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD) worldwide, has led to biomarkers incorporation for diagnosis in early stages. Use of neuropsychological testing remains limited. This study aimed to identify which neuropsychological tests best indicated underlying AD pathophysiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1756816DOI Listing

High electronic name agreement of 70 pictures in normative study of 5,290 Czechs for easy multicultural replication.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 24:1-12. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Third Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

The aim of this normative study was to verify recognition and name agreement of 70 black and white line pictures on a large Czech population sample using an electronic form. The set of pictures was selected based on previous research showing preliminary evidence of high name agreement with one word only. The pictures were arrayed into an electronic form that was distributed via the internet and filled in by 6,055 participants across the whole country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1753744DOI Listing

Using the Woodcock-Johnson IV tests of cognitive abilities to detect feigned ADHD.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 22:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

School Psychology, Teachers College of Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Research has suggested that many young adults can successfully feign ADHD, reporting clinically significant symptom levels and displaying deficits on cognitive tasks when asked to do so. Standalone performance validity tests (PVTs) have shown some success in identifying feigned ADHD, but these tests are rarely used in typical ADHD evaluation batteries. The present study attempted to develop embedded PVT indices from the Woodcock-Johnson IV Tests of Cognitive Abilities (WJ-IV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1748631DOI Listing

Social cognition in patients with acquired brain lesions: An overview on an under-reported problem.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 17:1-13. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino Pulejo", Messina, Italy.

Social cognition (SC) consists of mental representations of interpersonal relationships, which are used flexibly by the individual to promote functional social behaviors and achieve the goals. SC is a multidimensional construct and is supported by the activity of distributed neural networks in which different cortical and subcortical regions of the brain are involved. The review aims to evaluate the current literature on SC taking into account how it is compromised in acquired brain injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1753058DOI Listing

Maintenance of multi-domain neurocognitive functions in patients with newly-diagnosed primary CNS lymphoma after primary cranial radiotherapy combined with methotrexate-based chemotherapy: A preliminary case-series study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 17:1-10. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Conventional treatment for treating primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) has consisted of either whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) or methotrexate (MTX)-based combined modality therapy. However, delayed cognitive sequelae have emerged as a significant debilitating complication in PCNSL patients. A prospective observational case-series study with prospective assessments of neurocognitive functions (NCFs), neuroimaging, and activities of daily living in newly-diagnosed PCNSL patients was undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1749630DOI Listing

Cognitive assessment and rehabilitation tools for stroke and dementia: An online survey of Russian speaking clinicians.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 16:1-20. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR China.

Our objective was to survey opinions on cognitive assessment and rehabilitation of Russian-speaking clinicians working with stroke and dementia patients. An online survey was circulated to professional communities soliciting feedback from clinicians about methods used for cognitive assessment and rehabilitation; expected cognitive impairments in dementia and stroke; variables affecting the cognitive abilities of patients; and topics presented during psycho-educational initiatives. Forty-eight physicians, 50 psychologists, and 12 speech-language pathologists completed the survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1748034DOI Listing

Normative data for the Slovak version of the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB).

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 16:1-6. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.

The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) is a well-established screening measure of frontal lobe pathology. The aim of this study is the development of normative data for healthy Slovak adults. The final sample consisted of 487 healthy adults (54% of them female). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1748031DOI Listing

An enhanced delayed recognition measure for the Logical Memory subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale - IV.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Apr 14:1-5. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Memory Disorders Clinic, Tallahassee Memorial Healthcare, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

We provide a supplemental measure based on the Logical Memory (LM) subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale - IV (Wechsler, 2008) to assist in distinguishing deficient memory storage from compromised retrieval operations. A 20-item five-option multiple choice delayed recognition test for the LM stories is described, followed by descriptive data based on a normative sample of 273 neuropsychologically normal outpatient referrals to a neuropsychology clinic. The analysis indicated that about 43% to 48% of the neuropsychology referrals exhibited retrieval difficulties and were able to store more information in long-term memory than they were able to retrieve on the delayed free recall trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1748033DOI Listing

Correction.

Authors:

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 24. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1742444DOI Listing

Examining independent and combined accuracy of embedded performance validity tests in the California Verbal Learning Test-II and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised for detecting invalid performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 23:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

The California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) Forced Choice Recognition (FC) and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) Recognition Discrimination Index (RD) are embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) assessing material-specific neuropsychological processes (i.e., verbal and visual memory, respectively). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1742718DOI Listing

Memory complaints inventory profiles: Differentiating neurocognitive impairment, depression, and non-credible performance.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 18:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Psychology, Missouri State University, Springfield, MO, USA.

The Memory Complaints Inventory (MCI) is a symptom validity measure designed to assess exaggerated memory complaints. The aim of current study was to develop memory complaint profiles on the MCI to distinguish between various neurocognitive disorders, depression, and non-credible performance. This study utilized MCI scores ( = 244) from a neuropsychology clinic to determine the presence of, and difference between, subjective memory complaints between a depression group, non-credible group, and subgroups of cognitive impairment (Alzheimer's Dementia, Vascular Dementia, and Mild Cognitive Impairment). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1735388DOI Listing

Executive function deficits contribute to poor theory of mind abilities in adults with ADHD.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 18:1-8. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Harran University Faculty of Medicine Department of Psychiatry, Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Studies exploring the theory of mind (ToM) in adults with Attention/Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), have tended to result in mixed findings. The contribution of neuropsychologic functions to ToM has not been investigated yet in adults with ADHD. The aim of this study was to investigate ToM abilities and the role of attention and executive functions in ToM of adults with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1736074DOI Listing

A comparison between the neurocognitive profile of Huntington Disease-Like 2 and Huntington Disease: Exploring the presence of double dissociations.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 9:1-11. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Division of Human Genetics, National Health Laboratory Service and School of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Huntington Disease Like-2 (HDL2) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease caused by a mutation in the JPH3 gene. HDL2 is the Huntington Disease (HD) phenocopy that has the greatest clinical resemblance to HD. Both are characterized by movement, psychiatric and cognitive dysfunction, which progress to dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1734810DOI Listing

Neurocognitive and emotional status after one-year of mindfulness-based intervention in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 9:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Neuropsychology and Experimental Psychology Lab, University of Cadiz, Cádiz, Spain.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological disease among young adults. The diagnosis of this disease usually leads to uncertainty, stress, and anxiety, which in turn can lead to negative outcomes. Consequently, the development of healthy lifestyle strategies can lead to better emotional management of perceived stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1732388DOI Listing

The relationship between cognition and vocational training outcome in patients with acquired brain injury: Contribution of Machine Learning.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 6:1-11. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

EA 4072 - PSITEC - Psychologie: Interactions, Temps, Emotions, Cognition, University of Lille, Lille, France.

The aim of this study was to identify specific cognitive patterns related to long-term vocational training outcome. Records of twenty-eight patients who had benefited from a professional rehabilitation program were retrospectively processed. Screening through machine learning algorithms of patients' neuropsychological scores identified cognitive patterns related to both vocational training outcomes: succeeded or failed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1734809DOI Listing

Effect of physical exercise on popular measures of executive function in older, nonclinical, participants of randomized controlled trials: A meta-analytic review.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 3:1-9. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Psychological Science, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, TX, USA.

Epidemiological studies have found that more physically active older participants have a reduced risk of Alzheimer disease. Based on enriched environment animal models, this effect is considered to result from physical exercise-induced molecular brain changes. This hypothesis has been tested in humans with randomized controlled trials involving physical exercise vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1732980DOI Listing

Effect of ageing on verbal and visuo-spatial working memory: Evidence from 880 individuals.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 3:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

It is well-known that ageing is associated with a decrease in working memory abilities. It is not so clear at what age the decline begins and if there are differences in the decline of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory. This study investigates the effect of ageing on verbal and visuo-spatial working memory by comparing the performance of 880 subjects aged between 15- and 80-year old who were subdivided into five groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1732979DOI Listing

The effect of acculturation on cognitive performance among older Hispanics in the United States.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Mar 2:1-9. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Albizu University-Miami Campus, Psychology Doctoral Program, Miami, FL, USA.

The effect of acculturation on cognition was examined among 142 older Hispanics: cognitively normal [CN;  = 70], Mild Cognitive Impairment, amnestic [aMCI;  = 27], and Dementia [D;  = 45]. Acculturation levels (high vs. low) were determined using the Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics (SASH). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1725888DOI Listing

A pilot study of cognitive remediation in remitted major depressive disorder patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Feb 23:1-11. Epub 2020 Feb 23.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with working memory (WM) impairments. These deficits often persist following remission and are associated with rumination, a recognized risk factor for depression relapse. The efficacy of WM-targeted cognitive remediation as a potential relapse prevention tool has not been investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1726919DOI Listing
February 2020

Depressive symptoms as a factor in neuropsychological test performance: MMPI-2 and selected tests of the Halstead-Reitan/Halstead-Russell Battery.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Feb 21:1-6. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Memory Disorders Clinic, Tallahassee Memorial Healthcare, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

The potential impact of depressive symptoms on neuropsychological test performance has been studied extensively yielding mixed results. Self-report depression inventories have been most often used, without a means to screen participants for response bias. Studies have also neglected to screen participants for incomplete effort in testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1720687DOI Listing
February 2020

Examining 3-month test-retest reliability and reliable change using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Feb 21:1-9. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is a battery of computerized neuropsychological tests commonly used in Europe in neurology and psychiatry studies, including clinical trials. The purpose of this study was to investigate test-retest reliability and to develop reliable change indices and regression-based change formulas for using the CANTAB in research and practice involving repeated measurement. A sample of 75 healthy adults completed nine CANTAB tests, assessing three domains (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1722126DOI Listing
February 2020

A clinical comparison simulation study using the Inventory of Problems-29 (IOP-29) with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in Lithuania.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Feb 17:1-8. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy.

This article contributes to the growing research on the validity of the recently developed, Inventory of Problems - 29 (IOP-29) in the discrimination of feigned from bona fide mental or cognitive disorders. Specifically, we first developed a Lithuanian version of the IOP-29 and tested its validity on a sample of 50 depressed patients and 50 healthy volunteers instructed to feign depression. Next, we reviewed all previously published IOP-29 studies reporting on depression-related presentations ( = 5), and compared our results against previously reported findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1725518DOI Listing
February 2020

Normative data for Emotion Hexagon test and frequency of impairment in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Feb 14:1-6. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Neurology, Danish Dementia Research Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Social cognitive functions such as Theory of Mind, empathy and emotion recognition can be impaired in dementia spectrum disorders, especially in diseases with prominent frontal dysfunction. The Emotion Hexagon test (EHT) is a short test of basic emotion recognition. As with other social cognitive tests, normative data for this test is sparse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1720686DOI Listing
February 2020

A modified Camel and Cactus Test detects presymptomatic semantic impairment in genetic frontotemporal dementia within the GENFI cohort.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Feb 5:1-8. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Department of Neurodegenerative Disease, Dementia Research Centre, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK.

Impaired semantic knowledge is a characteristic feature of some forms of frontotemporal dementia (FTD), particularly the sporadic disorder semantic dementia. Less is known about semantic cognition in the genetic forms of FTD caused by mutations in the genes , , and . We developed a modified version of the Camel and Cactus Test (mCCT) to investigate the presence of semantic difficulties in a large genetic FTD cohort from the Genetic FTD Initiative (GENFI) study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1716357DOI Listing
February 2020

The image of memory: relationship between autobiographical memory and mental imagery in Korsakoff syndrome.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jan 29:1-7. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

University of Nantes, Nantes, France.

We evaluated the relationship between autobiographical memory and mental imagery in Korsakoff syndrome (KS). We invited patients with KS and control participants to retrieve personal events and to perform measures of visual imagery (Taller/Wilder task), and spatial imagery (Clock Angles task). On the Taller/Wilder task, participants had to generate a mental image of an object presented as a word and determine whether the object was taller than it was wide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1716759DOI Listing
January 2020

Decision making of forensic psychiatric inpatients deemed incompetent to stand trial.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jan 19:1-11. Epub 2020 Jan 19.

Department of Psychology, Patton State Hospital, Patton, CA, USA.

This study examined decision making and its correlates among forensic psychiatric inpatients deemed incompetent to stand trial (IST). This study utilized archival data ( = 41;  = 44.27,  = 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1709847DOI Listing
January 2020

Impaired option generation underpins deficient reasoning in Parkinson's disease patients with apathy.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jan 17:1-6. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Russell Cairns Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

Apathy is a debilitating neurological syndrome known to be associated with executive dysfunction, particularly affecting abstract reasoning. However, the underlying cognitive mechanism remains unclear. Recently, it has been proposed that one cognitive process disrupted in apathy is option generation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1712400DOI Listing
January 2020

The efficacy of gray matter atrophy and cognitive assessment in differentiation of aMCI and naMCI.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jan 16:1-7. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Neurology, Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School and The State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Institute of Brain Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous entity that can be categorized into related but different subtypes. In this study, we analyzed the gray matter structural changes of amnestic MCI (aMCI) and non-amnestic MCI (naMCI), and how it resulted in diverse cognitive impairment. Altogether 77 individuals were recruited, including 28 cognitively normal controls (NC), 25 naMCI subjects, and 24 aMCI subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1710509DOI Listing
January 2020

Validation of Iranian Smell Identification Test for screening of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jan 16:1-6. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran.

According to the World Alzheimer Report 2019, an estimated 50 million people worldwide are living with dementia. The smell test is a method for early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) as an inexpensive, simple, and noninvasive screening tool. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the Iran Smell Identification Test (Iran-SIT) in discriminating patients with AD, with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and the healthy subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1710508DOI Listing
January 2020

Posttraumatic stress disorder and noncredible symptom reporting on the Trauma Symptom Inventory-2.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jan 10:1-6. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Department of Biostatistics, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

This archival study sought to investigate the ability of raw scores on the Atypical Response scale (ATR) and TRAUMA Factor of the Trauma Symptom Inventory-2 to predict noncredible cognitive performance validity testing (PVTs) in personal injury litigants and disability claimants with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants included 51 adults diagnosed with PTSD who underwent comprehensive neuropsychological examination. Criterion groups were formed based upon passing (Credible Group) or failing (Noncredible Group) cognitive performance validity tests (PVTs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1710511DOI Listing
January 2020

Do patients with multiple sclerosis benefit from semi-immersive virtual reality? A randomized clinical trial on cognitive and motor outcomes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jan 10:1-7. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Robotic and Behavioral Neurehabilitation Laboratory, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo", Messina, Italy.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of autoimmune originate. A large proportion of patient present with cognitive deficits that negatively affect their quality of life, thus, a proper cognitive rehabilitation is mandatory. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of semi-immersive virtual reality training (sVRT) on neuropsychological and motor recovery individuals suffering from MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1708364DOI Listing
January 2020

The effect of cognitive stimulation on the progression of cognitive impairment in subjects with Alzheimer's disease.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jan 6:1-10. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

The overall objective of this study was to examine the impact of a cognitive stimulation intervention model on subjects with mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) using a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. The stimulation intervention consisted of carrying out cognitive activities with a small group of participants during a 6-month period. The program designed included 3 weekly 1-h sessions that always targeted the same two functions using different tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1710510DOI Listing
January 2020

Beneficial effect of computer-based multidomain cognitive training in patients with mild cognitive impairment.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Dec 29:1-10. Epub 2019 Dec 29.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece.

The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of computer-based multidomain cognitive training program on Greek patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Forty-six patients with MCI were randomly divided into two groups; (a) the training group, which received a computer-based multidomain cognitive training program with the use of the RehaCom software and (b) the control group, which underwent standard-clinical care. The duration of the computer-based training program was 15 weeks, administered twice a week for approximately one hour per session. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1692842DOI Listing
December 2019

Neuropsychological deficits in relation to ADHD symptoms, quality of life, and daily life functioning in young adulthood.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Dec 27:1-9. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is related to multiple neuropsychological deficits. However, most previous studies, especially studies of adult samples, have not taken the overlap between different neuropsychological deficits into account. In addition, the link between neuropsychological deficits and daily life functioning and quality of life needs to be further investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1704287DOI Listing
December 2019

Prevalence of low scores on language tests as a potential factor in misdiagnosis of cognitive impairment in a Spanish-speaking adult population.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Dec 27:1-12. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Barakaldo, Spain.

In this study, the prevalence of low scores for two neuropsychological tests of language has been determined. In total,  = 5218 healthy adults from 11 countries in Latin America (LA) were administered the Boston Naming Test (BNT) and the Verbal Fluency Test (VFT) as part of a comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. -scores were calculated for BNT Total score, and phonological (letters , , , ) and semantic (Animals, Fruits). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1704409DOI Listing
December 2019

Case study of an Iranian-American neuropsychological assessment in the surgical setting: role of language and tests.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Dec 27:1-6. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

There is a growing need to conduct a neuropsychological assessment with bilingual Middle Eastern populations, particularly those who speak the Persian language (Farsi). Although validated neuropsychological and language tests have emerged in Iran, there remains a shortage of appropriate psychometric tests in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1706517DOI Listing
December 2019

Episodic recognition memory based on incidental learning of visual associations is largely preserved compared to recall in amnestic mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2019 Dec 22:1-9. Epub 2019 Dec 22.

Department of Medical Psychology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, Netherlands.

We investigated preserved episodic recognition memory based on incidental learning of visual associations in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In a cross-sectional design, we analyzed episodic memory score profiles of patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) ( = 42) or mild AD ( = 19) who had hippocampal atrophy, and healthy elderly controls ( = 43). The Visual Association Test-Extended served as a measure of episodic memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2019.1703705DOI Listing
December 2019