894 results match your criteria Applied Neuropsychology-Adult[Journal]


Applying linguistic demand analysis to functional multitasking assessments.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 24:1-10. Epub 2022 May 24.

Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA.

Purpose: The linguistic demand of task instructions in cognitive assessments may mask or even invalidate cognitive testing results for individuals with language differences or impairments. The purpose of this study was to apply an analysis of linguistic demand to a sample of functional multitasking assessments.

Method: We sampled the task instructions and materials from seven functional multitasking assessments that are based on everyday activities. Read More

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Preliminary evidence for digit span performance validity indicators within the neuropsychological assessment battery.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 22:1-7. Epub 2022 May 22.

College of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Regent University, Virginia Beach, VA, USA.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate multiple embedded performance validity indicators within the Digits Forward and Digits Backward subtests of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB), including Reliable Digit Span (RDS), as no published papers have examined embedded digit span validity indicators within these subtests of the NAB. Retrospective archival chart review was conducted at an outpatient neuropsychology clinic. Participants were 92 adults (ages 19-68) who completed NAB Digits Forward and Digits Backward, and the Word Choice Test (WCT). Read More

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Brief report of the reliability of a new method for scoring organizational approach on the Mesulam Cancellation Test.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 22:1-4. Epub 2022 May 22.

Department of Psychiatry, UT Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, TX, USA.

The Mesulam Cancellation Test is a low cost, quick measure used to screen for hemispatial inattention. The task is also useful for observing a patient's organizational approach. We developed a method to quantify the organizational strategy used by patients in completing this visual scanning task. Read More

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Remote neuropsychological evaluation of older adults.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 20:1-8. Epub 2022 May 20.

Athens Alzheimer's Association, Athens, Greece.

The use of technological means in the process of neuropsychological assessment has been proposed as a technique with promising results in the field of detection of neurocognitive disorders for community-dwelling older adults. Especially during the pandemic period due to COVID-19, telemedicine assumed to be vital in the field of early diagnosis of cognitive disorders and highlighted the clinical utility of remote methods of neuropsychological assessmentby video-conference. This descriptive study presents the development of a remote neuropsychological assessment protocol by selecting appropriate validated tests as part of a more comprehensive evaluation for older adults dwelling in the community. Read More

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Older adult driving performance assessed under simulated and on-road conditions.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 15:1-12. Epub 2022 May 15.

Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, MI, USA.

Simulated driving offers a convenient test of driving ability for older drivers, although the viability of using simulated driving with this population is mixed. The relative weighting of the relevant perceptual, cognitive, and physical factors may vary between simulated and on-road driving. The current study was designed to assess this possibility. Read More

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Impairments of social cognition significantly predict the progression of functional decline in Huntington's disease: A 6-year follow-up study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 13:1-10. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Neurology, Danish Dementia Research Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital - Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

This study sought to investigate if there was a significant difference between the Huntington's Disease gene expansion carriers who were impaired on the cognitive domains, and . Also, it was investigated which of the cognitive domains could predict the decrease in total functional capacity over a 6-year follow-up period. Premanifest and motor-manifest Huntington's Disease gene expansion carriers ( = 98), were examined with a neurological and neuropsychological examination at Time 1 (year 2012-2013). Read More

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Meta-prospective memory accuracy in young adults with and without depressive symptoms.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 9:1-12. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Psychology, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID, USA.

Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to remember an intention in the future. Individuals with depression are candidates for PM failures, resulting in detrimental consequences, such as forgetting to take a medication or implement therapeutic techniques; inaccurate assessments of one's PM abilities can exacerbate these issues. The current study examined if appraisals about one's memory (meta-PM) performance differs between healthy and depressed adults. Read More

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The trail less traveled: Analytical approach for creating shortened versions for virtual reality-based color trails test.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 6:1-10. Epub 2022 May 6.

Center of Advanced Technologies in Rehabilitation, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

The Color Trails Test ("CTT") is among the most popular neuropsychological assessment tests of executive function, targeting sustained visual attention (Trails A), and divided attention (Trails B). During the pen-and-paper (P&P) test, the participant traces 25 consecutive numbered targets marked on a page, and the completion time is recorded. In many cases, multiple assessments are performed on the same individual, either under varying experimental conditions or at several timepoints. Read More

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Recovery after traumatic brain injury: An integrative review of the role of social factors on postinjury outcomes.

Authors:
Karen A Sullivan

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 May 4:1-8. Epub 2022 May 4.

School of Psychology and Counselling, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

This research is an integrative review of the literature on social factors in TBI outcomes. It examines how such factors have been framed in TBI models, the social experience of people post-injury, and the evidence for effective social interventions. Evidence suggests that even when physical functioning has improved after injury, there is a lingering social distress that leaves individuals isolated and functionally impaired. Read More

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Social cognition in neuropsychology: A nationwide survey revealing current representations and practices.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 29:1-14. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Univ. Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, U1172 - Lille Neuroscience & Cognition, LiCEND, DistALZ, Lille, France.

As a key domain of cognition, social cognition abilities are altered in a wide range of clinical groups. Accordingly, many clinical tests and theories of social cognition have been developed these last decades. Contrasting this abundant development from a research perspective, recent evidence suggests that social cognition remains rarely addressed from a clinial perspective. Read More

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Examining the cross-cultural validity of the test of memory malingering and the Rey 15-item test.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 27:1-11. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada.

Objective: This study was designed to investigate the cross-cultural validity of two freestanding performance validity tests (PVTs), the Test of Memory Malingering - Trial 1 (TOMM-1) and the Rey Fifteen Item Test (Rey-15) in Romanian-speaking patients.

Methods: The TOMM-1 and Rey-15 free recall (FR) and the combination score incorporating the recognition trial (COMB) were administered to a mixed clinical sample of 61 adults referred for cognitive evaluation, 24 of whom had external incentives to appear impaired. Average scores on PVTs were compared between the two groups. Read More

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Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Arabic Project for the Epidemiological Analysis of Critical Care Patients (PAEEC) scale in individuals with traumatic brain injury in Lebanon.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 27:1-9. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Faculty of Medical Sciences, Neuroscience Research Center, Lebanese University, Hadath, Lebanon.

The aim of this study is to cross-culturally adapt the Project for the Epidemiological Analysis of Critical Care Patients (PAEEC) Quality of Life (QoL) scale into the Arabic language and to examine its clinimetric properties, including validity and reliability among Lebanese native speaker with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This is a cross-sectional study including 49 men with TBI aged between 20 and 59 years. The Arabic version of the PAEEC (PAEEC-A) was administered to the subjects or their primary caregiver as well as the Short Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36). Read More

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Paroxysmal dyskinesia and electrodermal volatility: The role of mindfulness, self-compassion and psychophysiological interventions.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 24:1-12. Epub 2022 Apr 24.

Kashan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kashan, Iran.

To date, there are no behavioral or psychophysiological treatment studies on paroxysmal dyskinesia (PD). PD is a group of debilitating movement disorders that present with severe episodes of dystonia, chorea, and/or ballistic like movements. This is a first case report of a 50-year-old male who received behavioral interventions (e. Read More

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Weak central coherence in adults with ASD: Evidence from eye-tracking and thematic content analysis of social scenes.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 21:1-12. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Orientador do Programa de Pós Graduação do Departamento de Psicobiologia da, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Central Coherence Weakness has been defined as a tendency for local rather than global processing that may underlie core deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In social contexts it may be expressed in difficulties to integrate social cues arising from the recognition of emotions in faces or from the environment in order to understand people's interactions. A sample of 28 adults diagnosed with ASD Level 1 and 25 controls was submitted to a cartoon-like task with the instruction to describe social scenes and to Navon letter stimuli. Read More

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An examination of the clinical utility of phonemic fluency in healthy adults and adults with mild cognitive impairment.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 19:1-9. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

The Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT) is a widely utilized measure of phonemic fluency. However, two issues remain: (1) whether demographic, cognitive variables, or version of test administered predict performance; (2) if the test is predictive of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Recent studies report that item-level analyses such as lexical frequency may be more sensitive to early cognitive change. Read More

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The influence of clinical characteristics on prism adaptation training in visuospatial neglect: A post-hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 13:1-11. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Neurology, Klinikum Bremen-Ost, Bremen, Germany.

Previous studies indicate that the effect of prism adaptation training (PAT) on unilateral neglect may depend on clinical characteristics. In this explorative work, we re-analyzed data from a previously conducted randomized controlled trial ( = 23) to investigate whether age, etiology, severity of motor impairments, and visual field deficits affect the efficacy of PAT. Additionally, we reviewed PAT studies that reported lesion maps and distinguished responders from non-responders. Read More

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Differential linguistic features of verbal fluency in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia and primary progressive aphasia.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 13:1-9. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Neurology, Alzheimer Center Erasmus MC, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is an early-onset neurodegenerative disorder with a heterogeneous clinical presentation. Verbal fluency is regularly used as a sensitive measure of language ability, semantic memory, and executive functioning, but qualitative changes in verbal fluency in FTD are currently overlooked. This retrospective study examined qualitative, linguistic features of verbal fluency in 137 patients with behavioral variant (bv)FTD ( = 50), or primary progressive aphasia (PPA) [25 non-fluent variant (nfvPPA), 27 semantic variant (svPPA), and 34 logopenic variant (lvPPA)] and 25 control participants. Read More

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Symptom coaching and symptom validity tests: An analog study using the structured inventory of malingered symptomatology, Self-Report Symptom Inventory, and Inventory of Problems-29.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 13:1-13. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Torino, Italy.

In this pilot and exploratory study, we tested the robustness of three self-report symptom validity tests (SVTs) to symptom coaching for depression, with and without additional information available on the Internet. Specifically, we divided our sample ( = 193) so that each subject received either the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (;  = 64), the Self-Report Symptom Inventory (;  = 66), or the Inventory of Problems-29 (;  = 63). Within each of the three subgroups, approximately one third of participants were instructed to respond honestly (Genuine Condition, = 21; = 24; = 26) and approximately two-thirds were instructed to feign depression. Read More

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Forward and backward spatial recall in Parkinson's disease and matched controls: A 1-year follow-up study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 12:1-10. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) exhibit a domain-general visuospatial dysfunction; however, no previous study has examined changes over time in forward and backward spatial recall in PD against controls. To evaluate changes in short-term (STM) and working memory (WM) dysfunction in PD, the current study assessed performance on a computer-modified version of the Corsi Block-Tapping Test (forward and backward recall) at two-time points 1 year apart, while simultaneously exploring associations with potentially relevant demographic and clinical variables. We enrolled 38 patients with PD and 38 controls matched for age, sex, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) total scores. Read More

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in adult patients with primary restless legs syndrome.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Apr 6:1-8. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

CNRS, INCIA, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Comorbidity between Restless Legs Syndrome and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder remains a matter of debate. This putative association, possibly reflecting a shared brain iron homeostasis and dopaminergic dysfunction, supports the hypothesis of a neurodevelopmental component in Restless Legs Syndrome pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms prevalence in adult patients with primary Restless Legs Syndrome compared to another ill group of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome to control for the disease specific effects on psychiatric symptoms and a healthy individuals control group. Read More

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Neuropsychological performances in patients with infiltrative non-GBM gliomas after postoperative adjuvant photon or proton radiotherapy: A prospective and preliminary investigation.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 27:1-10. Epub 2022 Mar 27.

Department of Psychology, National ChengChi University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Infiltrative non-GBM gliomas are common primary intracranial malignancies, and postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy is recommended for most adult patients diagnosed with this disease to enhance local control and prolong intracranial progression-free survival (PFS). However, RT-related neurocognitive function (NCF) consequences should not be ignored. Early neurocognitive decline principally includes episodic memory, associated significantly with functions of the hippocampus. Read More

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Executive functioning in early and middle age adult patients operated for epidural hematoma: A comparative study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 20:1-10. Epub 2022 Mar 20.

Department of Psychaitry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India.

Epidural Hematoma (EDH) is a common condition of traumatic brain injury. It has a good prognosis if prompt surgical intervention is conducted. There is a dearth of studies on neuropsychological assessment of executive functioning exclusively in post-operative EDH patients. Read More

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Moroccan version of the Mini-Mental State Examination: A preliminary study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 17:1-6. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Applied Language and Culture Studies, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco.

Introduction: The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is widely used for dementia screening. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, to cross-culturally adapt the Moroccan Arabic version of MMSE (MA-MMSE) to screen dementia among literate and illiterate elderly Moroccans, and second to analyze its psychometric properties. Read More

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Reply to Damberg and Pellas (2022) on the FAB-Swe.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 16. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Caserta, Italy.

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Reliable cognitive change following unilateral deep brain stimulation in essential tremor.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 15:1-5. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA.

This retrospective analysis assessed regression-based reliable change (RC) of cognition in a sample of essential tremor (ET) patients who underwent unilateral deep brain stimulation of the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus (VIM-DBS). Thirty patients (mean age at pre-evaluation = 70.4 ± 6. Read More

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Presenting the consequences of feigning: Does it diminish symptom overendorsement? An analog study.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 15:1-10. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Turin, Torino, Italy.

Feigning causes personal and societal consequences, in both civil and criminal context. We investigated whether presenting the consequences of feigning can diminish symptom endorsement in feigned Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). We randomly allocated non-native English speaking undergraduates ( = 145) to five conditions: 1) Truth tellers ( = 31), 2) Civil context feigners ( = 27), 3) Civil context warned feigners ( = 26), 4) Criminal context feigners ( = 29), and 5) Criminal context warned feigners ( = 32). Read More

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Effects of anxiety level on directed forgetting of emotional information and related metacognitive judgments.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 8:1-10. Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The present study investigated intentional forgetting of emotional information in low high anxiety groups, by using a directed forgetting paradigm. The groups were formed based on their scores on measures of state and trait anxiety. Participants were provided with positive, negative, and neutral photographs with either remember or forget instructions and further provided metacognitive judgments of learning for each photograph, indicating how likely they are to recognize the photograph in a subsequent recognition test. Read More

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Exploring behavioural and cognitive dysexecutive syndrome in patients with focal prefrontal cortex damage.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 4:1-21. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Univ Angers, Université de Nantes, LPPL, SFR Confluences, Angers, France.

This study's objectives were to characterize the frequency and profile of behavioral and cognitive dysexecutive syndromes in patients with focal prefrontal cortex damage and how these syndromes overlap. We also examined the contribution of the prefrontal brain regions to these syndromes. Therefore, thirty patients with prefrontal cortex damage and thirty control subjects were compared on their performances using the GREFEX battery assessing the dysexecutive syndromes. Read More

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Different MMSE domains are associated to cognitive decline and education.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Mar 2:1-7. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is a long-established test to screen for dementia, estimate the severity and monitor the progression of cognitive impairment. The MMSE total score is dependent upon demographic factors, particularly education, but little is known about how education influences the 6 distinct MMSE cognitive domains. The present study aims to understand how the performances in the MMSE cognitive domains reflect clinical diagnosis and educational level. Read More

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The relationship between neurotransmission-related amino acid blood concentrations and neuropsychological performance following acute exercise.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2022 Feb 28:1-15. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Laboratory of Pharm. Analysis, Department of Pharmacy, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Amino acid neurotransmitters, including glutamate, phenylalanine, tyrosine, alanine, and glycine, underlie the majority of the excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission in the nervous system, and acute exercise has been shown to modulate their concentrations. We aimed to determine whether any correlation exists between the above-mentioned amino acid blood concentrations and the neuropsychological performance after an acute exercise intervention. Sixty basketball players were randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions: exercise or inactive resting. Read More

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February 2022