10 results match your criteria Applied Energy[Journal]

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Projecting state-level air pollutant emissions using an integrated assessment model: GCAM-USA.

Appl Energy 2017 Dec;208:511-521

Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA.

Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) characterize the interactions among human and earth systems. IAMs typically have been applied to investigate future energy, land use, and emission pathways at global to continental scales. Recent directions in IAM development include enhanced technological detail, greater spatial and temporal resolution, and the inclusion of air pollutant emissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.09.122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6054859PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Selecting HVAC Systems to Achieve Comfortable and Cost-effective Residential Net-Zero Energy Buildings.

Appl Energy 2018 Feb 22;212:577-591. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Engineering Laboratory, Energy and Environment Division, HVAC&R Equipment Performance Group, USA.

HVAC is responsible for the largest share of energy use in residential buildings and plays an important role in broader implementation of net-zero energy building (NZEB). This study investigated the energy, comfort and economic performance of commercially-available HVAC technologies for a residential NZEB. An experimentally-validated model was used to evaluate ventilation, dehumidification, and heat pump options for the NZEB in the mixed-humid climate zone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.12.046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5988264PMC
February 2018
3 Reads

Estimating environmental co-benefits of U.S. low-carbon pathways using an integrated assessment model with state-level resolution.

Appl Energy 2018 Apr;216:482-493

Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States.

There are many technological pathways that can lead to reduced carbon dioxide emissions. However, these pathways can have substantially different impacts on other environmental endpoints, such as air quality and energy-related water demand. This study uses an integrated assessment model with state-level resolution of the energy system to compare environmental impacts of alternative low-carbon pathways for the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.02.122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5920560PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Supercapacitive microbial desalination cells: New class of power generating devices for reduction of salinity content.

Appl Energy 2017 Dec;208:25-36

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Center for Micro-Engineered Materials (CMEM), University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.

In this work, the electrodes of a microbial desalination cell (MDC) are investigated as the positive and negative electrodes of an internal supercapacitor. The resulting system has been named a supercapacitive microbial desalination cell (SC-MDC). The electrodes are self-polarized by the red-ox reactions and therefore the anode acts as a negative electrode and the cathode as a positive electrode of the internal supercapacitor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.10.056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5738972PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Predicting Energy Performance of a Net-Zero Energy Building: A Statistical Approach.

Appl Energy 2016 09 25;178:468-483. Epub 2016 Jun 25.

National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 8603, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, United States.

Performance-based building requirements have become more prevalent because it gives freedom in building design while still maintaining or exceeding the energy performance required by prescriptive-based requirements. In order to determine if building designs reach target energy efficiency improvements, it is necessary to estimate the energy performance of a building using predictive models and different weather conditions. Physics-based whole building energy simulation modeling is the most common approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.06.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5146690PMC
September 2016
1 Read

Expanding the biomass resource: sustainable oil production via fast pyrolysis of low input high diversity biomass and the potential integration of thermochemical and biological conversion routes.

Appl Energy 2016 09;177:852-862

Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Gogerddan, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SY23 3EB, UK.

Waste biomass is generated during the conservation management of semi-natural habitats, and represents an unused resource and potential bioenergy feedstock that does not compete with food production. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to characterise a representative range of biomass generated during conservation management in Wales. Of the biomass types assessed, those dominated by rush () and bracken () exhibited the highest and lowest volatile compositions respectively and were selected for bench scale conversion via fast pyrolysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.05.088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5070406PMC
September 2016

Regeneration of the power performance of cathodes affected by biofouling.

Appl Energy 2016 Jul;173:431-437

Bristol BioEnergy Centre, Bristol Robotics Laboratory, University of the West of England, Coldharbour Lane, BS16 1QY Bristol, UK.

Air cathode microbial fuel cells (MFCs) were used in a cascade-system, to treat neat human urine as the fuel. Their long-term operation caused biodeterioration and biofouling of the cathodes. The cathodes were made from two graphite-painted layers, separated by a current collector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.04.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4892356PMC
July 2016
8 Reads

Evaluating the impacts of new walking and cycling infrastructure on carbon dioxide emissions from motorized travel: a controlled longitudinal study.

Appl Energy 2014 Sep;128:284-295

Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK ( ).

Walking and cycling is widely assumed to substitute for at least some motorized travel and thereby reduce energy use and carbon dioxide (CO) emissions. While the evidence suggests that a supportive built environment may be needed to promote walking and cycling, it is unclear whether and how interventions in the built environment that attract walkers and cyclists may reduce transport CO emissions. Our aim was therefore to evaluate the effects of providing new infrastructure for walking and cycling on CO emissions from motorised travel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.04.072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4591464PMC
September 2014
3 Reads

Prospects for arable farm uptake of Short Rotation Coppice willow and miscanthus in England.

Appl Energy 2013 Jul;107(100):209-218

Division of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, Sutton Bonington Campus, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom.

Biomass will play a role in the UK meeting EU targets on renewable energy use. Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) and miscanthus are potential biomass feedstocks; however, supply will rely on farmer willingness to grow these crops. Despite attractive crop establishment grants for dedicated energy crops (DECs) in the UK, uptake remains low. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.02.032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3688319PMC
July 2013
8 Reads

Associations of individual, household and environmental characteristics with carbon dioxide emissions from motorised passenger travel.

Appl Energy 2013 Apr;104(100):158-169

Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Carbon dioxide (CO) emissions from motorised travel are hypothesised to be associated with individual, household, spatial and other environmental factors. Little robust evidence exists on who contributes most (and least) to travel CO and, in particular, the factors influencing commuting, business, shopping and social travel CO. This paper examines whether and how demographic, socio-economic and other personal and environmental characteristics are associated with land-based passenger transport and associated CO emissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032180PMC
April 2013
4 Reads
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