21 results match your criteria Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy[Journal]

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U.S. agricultural university students' mental well-being and resilience during the first wave of COVID-19: Discordant expectations and experiences across genders.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2022 Mar 5;44(1):129-161. Epub 2022 Feb 5.

Agricultural and Resource Economics North Caroline State University Raleigh North Carolina USA.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic's first wave led to declining mental health and life satisfaction outcomes for college students, especially women. While women in undergraduate agricultural programs outperformed men academically prior to and during the pandemic, the achievement may have come at personal cost, especially for those women with fewer personal and environmental resiliency resources. Our research objective was to expand on personal, social, and environmental factors linked with lower mental health and life satisfaction scores for students in agriculture during the pandemic. Read More

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Preferences for sustainability and supply chain worker conditions: Evidence during COVID-19.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2022 Apr 15. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics University of California Berkeley California USA.

Given coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), we empirically investigate whether consumers are willing to pay for greater sustainability and safer working conditions in food supply chains. We elicit consumer valuation via two consumer choice survey experiments and revealed preferences using mixed Logit discrete choice models. We find that consumers have a significant positive average valuation towards sustainability, but may require an average compensation to choose products produced under safer working conditions. Read More

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Food insufficiency and Twitter emotions during a pandemic.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2022 Apr 3. Epub 2022 Apr 3.

College of Information Sciences and Technology Penn State University State College Pennsylvania USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic initially caused worldwide concerns about food insecurity. Tweets analyzed in real-time may help food assistance providers target food supplies to where they are most urgently needed. In this exploratory study, we use natural language processing to extract sentiments and emotions expressed in food security-related tweets early in the pandemic in U. Read More

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Seasonal farm labor and COVID-19 spread.

Authors:
Diane Charlton

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics Montana State University Bozeman Montana USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 caused unprecedented shocks to agricultural food systems, including increased risk to worker health, labor-related input costs, and production uncertainty. Despite employer precautions, there were numerous worksite outbreaks of COVID-19. This paper examines the relationship between month-to-month variation in historical agricultural employment and changes in the incidence of confirmed COVID-19 cases and deaths within U. Read More

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September 2021

Food insecurity and COVID-19 risk in low- and middle-income countries.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

School of Public Health University of Hong Kong Pok Fu Lam Hong Kong.

The COVID-19 pandemic prompted social distancing, workplace closures, and restrictions on mobility and trade that had cascading effects on economic activity, food prices, and employment in low- and middle-income countries. Using longitudinal data from Bangladesh, Kenya, and Nigeria covering a period from October 2020 to April 2021, the paper assesses whether knowledge of a person infected with COVID-19 is associated with food insecurity, job loss and business closures, and coping strategies to smooth consumption. The likelihood of households to experience food insecurity at the extensive and intensive margins increased among those who knew an infected person in Bangladesh and Kenya. Read More

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October 2021

The effect of COVID-19 on food sales.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Food Economic Division USDA Economic Research Service Washington District of Columbia USA.

Both COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions and recessionary employment loss severely impacted US food sales during 2020. This article estimates the historical relationship between food expenditures and employment at the county level. Using these estimates, we simulate the impact of the loss of employment on food sales and find that, on average, employment loss increased food-at-home (FAH) sales by 1. Read More

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October 2021

The political economy of COVID-19.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics University of California, Berkeley Berkeley California USA.

We assess the economic and health costs of COVID and policy responses to COVID. Based on initial estimates of health and economic costs, social distancing policies were justified, but these estimates now seem too high because of learning by doing. Significant differences in mortality rates across US states and countries can be explained by population density, climate, exposure, and policy. Read More

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COVID-19, Government Transfer Payments, and Investment Decisions in Farming Business: Evidence from Northern India.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2021 Mar 12;43(1):248-269. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Former Director, IFPRI-South Asia, South Asia Office New Delhi India.

Although the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in about a 24% decline in India's GDP during the April-June 2020 quarter, the nation's agricultural sector, somewhat surprisingly, seems to have done remarkably well. This paper examines whether the public transfer program (PMGKY), announced immediately after the lockdown, benefited farmers in dealing with the COVID shock. Overall, 95% of the smallholders received support from at least one of PMGKY's four components. Read More

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Unprecedented Crisis Calls for Unprecedented Policy Responses.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Nov 26. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

The COVID-19 pandemic presented a severe crisis to the agricultural sector and the economy at large. To confront it, the administration and Congress had to mobilize vast resources very quickly and introduce creative emergency measures to mitigate the unprecedented impacts on the economy. This article takes a closer look at the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the agricultural sector and the policy measures that USDA implemented to help farmers and ranchers weather the immediate crisis. Read More

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November 2020

Revisiting the Digital Divide in the COVID-19 Era.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 12. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

The digital divide limits opportunities for those without ready access to Internet. Movement online of essential activities during COVID-19 took inadequate Internet service from inconvenient to emergency/crisis for many households. A negative correlation between rurality and Internet speed was found at the county level, highlighting the struggle for rural areas. Read More

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October 2020

Impact of COVID-19 on Medium-Term Export Prospects for Soybeans, Corn, Beef, Pork, and Poultry.

Authors:
Mindy L Mallory

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 21. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

The COVID-19 pandemic has altered life in innumerable ways in many countries across the globe. In this article I review what the virus did to patterns of US and Brazilian exports of major commodities during the first surge of the virus during April and May 2020, and also speculate on what may happen during the beginning of North American winter in late 2020. The analysis highlights how grains versus meats have been vulnerable to trade disruptions due to the coronavirus pandemic. Read More

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October 2020

The Effects of COVID-19 on Fruit and Vegetable Production.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 20. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

COVID-19 has had unprecedented effects on the US economy, in large part because of its effects on workers. Within food and agriculture, these effects pose the greatest threat to the production of labor-intensive commodities-in particular, fruits and vegetables, the production of which tends to require large numbers of workers for harvesting and packing. We econometrically estimate the effects of COVID-19 on fruit and vegetable production as the US agricultural labor supply is adversely affected by this pandemic. Read More

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October 2020

Potential Impacts of a Pandemic on the US Farm Labor Market.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 22. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

An outbreak of COVID-19 among farmworkers could have significant impacts on the workers, agricultural producers, and the consumers. Farmers are implementing new labor management practices to slow the spread of the virus among workers. Since immigration is temporarily restricted, farmers may have difficulty securing a sufficient workforce. Read More

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October 2020

COVID-19: A Cloud with a Silver Lining for Renewable Energy?

Authors:
Madhu Khanna

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 14. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

COVID-19 has led to an unprecedented reduction in demand for energy for transportation and electricity, a crash in prices and employment in the fossil fuel industries and record-breaking reductions in global carbon emissions. This paper discusses whether this "demand destruction" could spell the beginning of the end for fossil fuels or a temporary recession and the imperative to recover from the current crisis by "building back better" and not the same as before. There are encouraging signs for the renewable energy industry that could make COVID-19 a cloud with a silver lining; whether this is the case will depend not only on the technological realities and social response to the crisis but also on political will and foresight. Read More

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October 2020

Emergency Food Provision for Children and Families during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Examples from Five U.S. Cities.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 22:e13096. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

As lockdown and school closure policies were implemented in response to the coronavirus, the federal government provided funding and relaxed its rules to support emergency food provision, but not guidance on best practices for effectiveness. Accordingly, cities developed a diverse patchwork of emergency feeding programs. This article uses qualitative data to provide insight into emergency food provision developed in five cities to serve children and families. Read More

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October 2020

Labor Issues in the Food Supply Chain Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 1. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

The impacts of COVID-19 on labor in the food supply chain and on workers' decisions to accept essential jobs are discussed. We then analyze surveys administered to low-skilled domestic workers before and during the pandemic to assess respondents' attitudes toward food production, guest workers, immigration policy, and the government's response to COVID-19. Results suggest the outbreak resulted in respondents, on average, shifting their view toward food being a national security issue and a higher degree of empathy for H-2A workers. Read More

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October 2020

Coronavirus Impacts on Midwest Row-Crop Agriculture.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Sep 24. Epub 2020 Sep 24.

Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Impacts from the coronavirus pandemic have depressed market returns to corn and soybean farmers in the Midwest, extending pressures that have existed since 2013 and which were made worse by trade disputes with China. Without large Federal aid, income on Midwest grain farms would have been quite low and the ongoing cash flow crunch much worse. Farmland prices have not adjusted downward, in part due to continuing Federal aid, but also because interest rates have been historically very low. Read More

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September 2020

Beef and Pork Marketing Margins and Price Spreads during COVID-19.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 2. Epub 2020 Oct 2.

COVID-19-related disruptions led to a historic rise in the spread between livestock and wholesale meat prices. Concerns about concentration and allegations of anticompetitive behavior have led to several inquiries and civil suits by the U.S. Read More

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October 2020

Food Hardship during the Covid-19 Pandemic and Great Recession.

Authors:
James P Ziliak

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 2. Epub 2020 Oct 2.

Center for Poverty Research, and Department of Economics University of Kentucky.

I compare the extent of food hardships in the United States among adults and seniors before and during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Food insufficiency increased three-fold compared to 2019, and more than doubled relative to the Great Recession. Food insufficiency among seniors increased 75 percent during the Covid period, but more than doubled when including reduced intake of food varieties. Read More

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October 2020

Food Insecurity during COVID-19.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2020 Oct 2. Epub 2020 Oct 2.

Feeding America.

For a decade, Feeding America's Map the Meal Gap (MMG) has provided sub-state-level estimates of food insecurity for both the full-population and for children. Along with being extensively used by food banks, it is widely used by state- and local-governments to help plan responses to food insecurity in their communities. In this paper, we describe the methods underpinning MMG, detail the approach Feeding America has used to make projections about the geography of food insecurity in 2020, and how food insecurity rates may have changed due to COVID-19 since 2018. Read More

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October 2020

Vouchers versus Lotteries: What works best in promoting Chlamydia screening? A cluster randomised controlled trial.

Appl Econ Perspect Policy 2014 Mar;36(1):109-124

Department of Social Policy London School of Economics and Political Science.

In this cluster randomised trial (N=1060), we tested the impact of financial incentives (£5 voucher vs. £200 lottery) framed as a gain or loss to promote Chlamydia screening in students aged 18-24 years, mimicking the standard outreach approach to student in halls of residence. Compared to the control group (1. Read More

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