25 results match your criteria Applied Ecology And Environmental Research[Journal]

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Climate change may enable Aedes aegypti infestation in major European cities by 2100.

Environ Res 2019 Feb 16;172:693-699. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Evolution and Ecology Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.

Background: Climate change allows Aedes aegypti to infest new areas. Consequently, it enables the arboviruses the mosquito transmits -- e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.02.026DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Opposite influences of mineral-associated and dissolved organic matter on the transport of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles through soil and aggregates.

Environ Res 2019 Apr 11;171:153-160. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Key Laboratory of Pollution Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, Liaoning 110016, China; Department of Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science, Center for Environmental Biotechnology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. Electronic address:

The mechanism by which soil organic matter (SOM) controls nanoparticle transport through natural soils is unclear. In this study, we distinguished the specific effects of two primary SOM fractions, mineral-associated organic matter (MOM) and dissolved organic matter (DOM), on the transport of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nHAP) through a loamy soil under the conditions of saturated steady flow and environmentally relevant solution chemistry (1 mM NaCl at pH 7). The results showed that MOM could inhibit the transport of nHAP by decreasing electrostatic repulsion and increasing mechanical straining and hydrophobic interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.020DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
4.373 Impact Factor

Halogenated organic pollutants in sediments and organisms from mangrove wetlands of the Jiulong River Estuary, South China.

Environ Res 2019 Apr 11;171:145-152. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China.

Eighteen sediments and four biota species were collected from mangrove wetlands of the Jiulong River Estuary (JRE) in South China to investigate the distribution of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), dechlorane plus (DP) and 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane (BTBPE). Concentrations of ΣDDTs, ΣPCBs, ΣPBDEs, DBDPE, DP, and BTBPE in mangrove sediments ranged from 21 to 84, 0.52-2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.028DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Engaging outreach workers in the development of a farmworker health research agenda.

Environ Res 2018 08 11;165:19-22. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

North Carolina Farmworker Health Program, United States.

Farmworker health outreach workers have not traditionally been involved in the prioritization and design of research studies. This report from the field shares the results of a survey administered to outreach workers providing health services to farmworkers in North Carolina. Priority areas of research and best practices for engaged research are presented from the perspective of the outreach worker community. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.03.041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5999555PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Contaminants in tropical island streams and their biota.

Environ Res 2018 02;161:615-623

Department of Biological Sciences, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7633, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA.

Environmental contamination is problematic for tropical islands due to their typically dense human populations and competing land and water uses. The Caribbean island of Puerto Rico (USA) has a long history of anthropogenic chemical use, and its human population density is among the highest globally, providing a model environment to study contaminant impacts on tropical island stream ecosystems. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, historic-use chlorinated pesticides, current-use pesticides, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), and metals (mercury, cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, zinc, and selenium) were quantified in the habitat and biota of Puerto Rico streams and assessed in relation to land-use patterns and toxicological thresholds. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351173172
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.11.053DOI Listing
February 2018
3 Reads

Association between prenatal bisphenol A and phthalate exposures and fetal metabolic related biomarkers: The Hokkaido study on Environment and Children's Health.

Environ Res 2018 02;161:505-511

Center for Environmental and Health Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita 12, Nishi 7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan. Electronic address:

Bisphenol A and phthalates are widely detected in human urine, blood, breast milk, and amniotic fluid. Both bisphenol A and phthalates have been suggested as playing a role in obesity epidemics. Exposure to these chemicals during fetal development, and its consequences should be concerning because they can cross the placenta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.11.052DOI Listing
February 2018
19 Reads

Corrigendum to "Chemical, biological, and DNA markers for tracing slaughterhouse effluent" [Environ. Res. 156 (2017) 534-541].

Environ Res 2018 01 6;160:568. Epub 2017 Oct 6.

Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.09.029DOI Listing
January 2018

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in plasma and feathers of nestling birds of prey from northern Norway.

Environ Res 2017 10 26;158:277-285. Epub 2017 Jun 26.

Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 7024 Trondheim, Norway.

Plasma samples from nestlings of two top predators, White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) and Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) from northern Norway were analysed for a wide range of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). Body feathers from the White-tailed eagles were also analysed and significant associations between specific PFASs in blood plasma and body feathers were found (0.36 Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.06.019DOI Listing
October 2017
4 Reads

Regulating urban surface runoff through nature-based solutions - An assessment at the micro-scale.

Environ Res 2017 08 27;157:135-144. Epub 2017 May 27.

Technical University of Munich, Chair for Strategic Landscape Planning and Management, Germany.

Urban development leads to changes of surface cover that disrupt the hydrological cycle in cities. In particular, impermeable surfaces and the removal of vegetation reduce the ability to intercept, store and infiltrate rainwater. Consequently, the volume of stormwater runoff and the risk of local flooding rises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.05.023DOI Listing
August 2017
26 Reads

Chemical, biological, and DNA markers for tracing slaughterhouse effluent.

Environ Res 2017 07 26;156:534-541. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia.

Agricultural practices, if not managed correctly, can have a negative impact on receiving environments via waste disposal and discharge. In this study, a chicken slaughter facility on the rural outskirts of Sydney, Australia, has been identified as a possible source of persistent effluent discharge into a peri-urban catchment. Questions surrounding the facility's environmental management practices go back more than four decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.04.006DOI Listing

Interactive effects of specific fine particulate matter compositions and airborne pollen on frequency of clinic visits for pollinosis in Fukuoka, Japan.

Environ Res 2017 07 12;156:411-419. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Department of Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Previous studies have revealed the interactive effects of airborne pollen and particulate matter on the daily consultations for pollinosis, but it is uncertain which compositions are responsible. This study aimed to investigate the interactive effects of specific PM compositions and airborne pollen on the daily number of clinic visits for pollinosis in Fukuoka.

Methods: We obtained daily data on pollen concentrations, PM compositions, PM mass, gaseous pollutants (SO, NO, CO, and O), and weather variables monitored in Fukuoka between February and April, 2002-2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.04.008DOI Listing
July 2017
26 Reads
4.373 Impact Factor

Assessing allergenicity in urban parks: A nature-based solution to reduce the impact on public health.

Environ Res 2017 05 10;155:219-227. Epub 2017 Mar 10.

Biodiversity and Environmental Management (Botany), University of Leon, León, Spain.

Urban parks play a key role in the provision of ecosystem services, actively participating in improving the quality of life and welfare of local residents. This paper reports on the application of an index designed to quantify the allergenicity of urban parks in a number of Spanish cities. The index, which records biological and biometric parameters for the tree species growing there, classifies parks in terms of the risk they pose for allergy sufferers, graded as null, low, moderate or high. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.02.015DOI Listing
May 2017
23 Reads

Prenatal exposure to low-level methylmercury alters the child's fine motor skills at the age of 18 months.

Environ Res 2017 Jan 20;152:369-374. Epub 2016 Oct 20.

Institute "Jožef Stefan", Department of Environmental Sciences, Jamova 39, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address:

Objectives: To compare motor, cognitive and language characteristics in children aged 18 months who were prenatally exposed to low-level methyl-mercury (MeHg), and to analyze the eventual differences in these characteristics in relation to cord blood THg concentration.

Patients And Methods: The total number of 205 child-mother pairs was included in the study, and total cord blood mercury was measured in 198 of them. Out of the 198 already measured samples, 47 of them have also been tested for methyl-mercury in cord blood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.10.011DOI Listing
January 2017
12 Reads
2 Citations
4.373 Impact Factor

Challenges and priorities for modelling livestock health and pathogens in the context of climate change.

Environ Res 2016 Nov 29;151:130-144. Epub 2016 Jul 29.

Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS), Aberystwyth University, 1st Floor, Stapledon Building, Plas Gogerddan, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SY23 3EE, UK. Electronic address:

Climate change has the potential to impair livestock health, with consequences for animal welfare, productivity, greenhouse gas emissions, and human livelihoods and health. Modelling has an important role in assessing the impacts of climate change on livestock systems and the efficacy of potential adaptation strategies, to support decision making for more efficient, resilient and sustainable production. However, a coherent set of challenges and research priorities for modelling livestock health and pathogens under climate change has not previously been available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.07.033DOI Listing
November 2016
26 Reads

Prenatal mercury exposure, neurodevelopment and apolipoprotein E genetic polymorphism.

Environ Res 2017 Jan 9;152:375-385. Epub 2016 Sep 9.

'Jožef Stefan' Institute, Department of Environmental Sciences, Ljubljana, Slovenia; 'Jožef Stefan' International Postgraduate School, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between prenatal exposure to mercury (Hg) and neurodevelopment of the child, taking into account genetic polymorphism of apolipoprotein E (Apoe) and other relevant confounders. Six hundred and one mother-child pairs were recruited from the central Slovenia region and 243 from Rijeka, on the Croatian coast of the northern Adriatic. The total Hg in cord blood, Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III) assessment at 18 months of age and Apoe genotyping was performed on 361 children; 237 of them were from Slovenia and 124 from Croatia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.08.035DOI Listing
January 2017
55 Reads
3 Citations
4.373 Impact Factor

Observed and self-reported pesticide protective behaviors of Latino migrant and seasonal farmworkers.

Environ Res 2016 May 23;147:275-83. Epub 2016 Feb 23.

The University of Utah, College of Nursing, USA.

Agricultural pesticide exposure has potential adverse health effects for farmworkers that may be reduced by pesticide protective behaviors (PPBs). The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Worker Protection Standard (WPS) requires PPBs be taught to farmworkers prior to field work. Studies to date have not utilized observational methods to evaluate the degree to which PPBs are practiced by Latino migrant and seasonal farmworkers in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.02.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4821669PMC
May 2016
2 Reads

The cauliflower-like black crusts on sandstones: A natural passive sampler to evaluate the surrounding environmental pollution.

Environ Res 2016 May 18;147:218-32. Epub 2016 Feb 18.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain.

Black crust in buildings can be formed as a result of different kind of chemical and physical reactions between the stone surface and environmental factors (e.g. acid aerosols emitted to the atmosphere, airborne particulate matter, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.02.015DOI Listing
May 2016
3 Reads

Analyzing the impact of climate and management factors on the productivity and soil carbon sequestration of poplar plantations.

Environ Res 2016 Jan 31;144(Pt B):88-95. Epub 2015 Oct 31.

Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, PR China.

It is crucial to investigate how climate and management factors impact poplar plantation production and soil carbon sequestration interactively. We extracted above-ground net primary production (ANPP), climate and management factors from peer-reviewed journal articles and analyzed impact of management factor and climate on the mean annual increment (MAI) of poplar ANPP statistically. Previously validated mechanistic model (ED) is used to perform case simulations for managed poplar plantations under different harvesting rotations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2015.10.016DOI Listing
January 2016
8 Reads

POPs in free-ranging pilot whales, sperm whales and fin whales from the Mediterranean Sea: Influence of biological and ecological factors.

Environ Res 2015 Oct 8;142:185-96. Epub 2015 Jul 8.

Laboratory of Oceanology, MARE Centre, B6c, University of Liege, B6c, Allée du 6 Août, 4000 Liege, Belgium. Electronic address:

The pilot whale Globicephala melas, the sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus, and the fin whale Balaenoptera physalus are large cetaceans permanently inhabiting the Mediterranean Sea. These species are subjected to numerous anthropogenic threats such as exposure to high levels of contaminants. Therefore, selected persistent organic pollutants POPs (29 PCBs, 15 organochlorine compounds, 9 PBDEs and 17 PCDD/Fs) were analysed in blubber biopsies of 49 long-finned pilot whales, 61 sperm whales and 70 fin whales sampled in the North Western Mediterranean Sea (NWMS) from 2006 to 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2015.06.021DOI Listing
October 2015
80 Reads

Approach on environmental risk assessment of nanosilver released from textiles.

Environ Res 2015 Jul 12;140:661-72. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, Department of Ecotoxicology, Auf dem Aberg 1, 57392 Schmallenberg, Germany.

Based on the increased utilization of nanosilver (silver nanomaterials=AgNM) as antibacterial agent, there is the strong need to assess the potential environmental implication associated with its new application areas. In this study an exemplary environmental risk assessment (ERA) of AgNM applied in textiles was performed. Environmental exposure scenarios (via municipal sewage treatment plant (STP)) with wastewater supply from domestic homes) were developed for three different types of textiles equipped with AgNM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2015.05.011DOI Listing
July 2015
31 Reads

Thoracic bioelectrical impedance assessment of the hemodynamic reactions to recorded road-traffic noise in young adults.

Environ Res 2014 Feb 25;129:52-8. Epub 2014 Jan 25.

Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotića 8, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Noise exposure increases blood pressure in both experimental and field studies. The underlying mechanisms may be evaluated by thoracic bioelectrical impedance. The aim of this experimental study was to assess changes in blood pressure, cardiac and hemodynamic parameters provoked by recorded traffic noise in young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2014.01.001DOI Listing
February 2014
8 Reads

Toxicity bioassays in core sediments from the Bay of Santander, northern Spain.

Environ Res 2008 Mar 9;106(3):304-12. Epub 2007 Jul 9.

Department of Chemical Engineering and Inorganic Chemistry, University of Cantabria, ETSII y T. Avda Los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain.

The use of Vibrio fischeri as luminescence bacteria is particularly effective in evaluating contaminated sediment. In this study, the ecotoxicity of five core sediments from the Bay of Santander, northern Spain, utilising V. fischeri as marine bacterium, was carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2007.05.009DOI Listing

Pb enamel biomarker: deposition of pre- and postnatal Pb isotope injection in reconstructed time points along rat enamel transect.

Environ Res 2005 Oct;99(2):169-76

Department of Environmental Health, Science, and Policy, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-7070, USA.

Exposure to lead (Pb) as well as other heavy metals in the environment is still a matter of public health concern. The development of the enamel biomarker for heavy metal exposure assessment is designed to improve studies of dose-effect relationships to developmental anomalies, particularly embryonic dysfunctions, and to provide a time-specific recount of past exposures. The work presented in this paper demonstrates maternal transfer across the placental barrier of the enriched isotope (206)Pb tracer to the enamel of the rat pup. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2005.01.005DOI Listing
October 2005

A synergism of plagues: "planned shrinkage," contagious housing destruction, and AIDS in the Bronx.

Authors:
R Wallace

Environ Res 1988 Oct;47(1):1-33

Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY.

Techniques adapted from population and community ecology, quantitative geography, and epidemiology are applied to ecosystem and environmental index data on the Bronx in an attempt to understand the origins and potential impacts of rampant spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its sequelae of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in that borough: Recent work by Drucker and Vermund (1987), ("Estimating Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Urban Areas with High Rates of Intravenous Drug Abuse: A Model of the Bronx in 1987," Poster presented at the Third International Conference on AIDS, June 2, 1987) estimates HIV seroprevalence levels of from 8 to 21% among men of age 25-44 in the south Bronx, at this writing, comparable to the cities of Central Africa. It is found that the "South Bronx" process of fulminating, contagious urban decay which devastated the region in the 1970s, and its associated forced population migrations, spread intravenous drug abuse, the principal HIV vector in the Bronx, from a geographically contained center in the South-Central Bronx to a virtually borough-wide phenomenon. This has significantly complicated attempts to contain HIV infection, both by shredding the social networks which are the natural vehicles for education, and by vastly enlarging the area requiring intensive targeting. Read More

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October 1988
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