1,071,448 results match your criteria Applied Catalysis B-environmental[Journal]


Biophotonics methods for functional monitoring of complications of diabetes mellitus.

J Biophotonics 2020 Jul 12:e202000203. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, UK.

The prevalence of diabetes omplications is a significant public health problem with a considerable economic cost. Thus, the timely diagnosis of complications and prevention of their development will contribute to increasing the length and quality of patient life, and reducing the economic costs of their treatment. This article aims to review the current state-of-the-art biophotonics technologies used to identify the complications of diabetes mellitus and assess the quality of their treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.202000203DOI Listing

A systematic review on reported outcomes and outcome measures in female idiopathic chronic pelvic pain for the development of a core outcome set.

BJOG 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust, Epsom &, London, KT18 7EG, United Kingdom.

Background: A core outcome set (COS) is required to address inconsistencies in outcome reporting in chronic pelvic pain (CPP) trials.

Objectives: Evaluation of reported outcomes and selected outcome measures in CPP trials by producing a comprehensive inventory to inform a COS.

Search Strategy: Systematic review of RCT identified from Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE and MEDLINE databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.16412DOI Listing

Minimally invasive organ-preserving approaches in the management of mesh erosion after laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy.

Colorectal Dis 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Aims: Describe a systematic approach for minimally invasive methods in the management of mesh erosion after Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy (LVMR).

Methods: All patients managed with organ-preserving techniques for mesh erosion were identified from a prospective database and clinical records reviewed. Each patient was contacted via telephone and a structured questionnaire applied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/codi.15257DOI Listing

The link between per capita alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm in educational groups.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction And Aims: Research based on individual-level data suggests that the same amount of alcohol yields more harm in low-socioeconomic status (SES) groups than in high-SES groups. Little is known whether the effect of changes in population-level alcohol consumption on harm rates differs by SES-groups. The aim of this study was to elucidate this issue by estimating the association between per capita alcohol consumption and SES-specific rates of alcohol-related mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.13114DOI Listing

First expert elicitation of knowledge on drivers of emergence of the COVID-19 in pets.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department for Occupational Protection and Hygiene, Unit Biosafety, Biosecurity and Environmental Licences, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium.

Infection with the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) induces the coronavirus infectious disease 19 (COVID-19). Its pandemic form in human population and its probable animal origin, along with recent case reports in pets, make drivers of emergence crucial in domestic carnivore pets, especially cats, dogs and ferrets. Few data are available in these species; we first listed forty-six possible drivers of emergence of COVID-19 in pets, regrouped in eight domains (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13724DOI Listing

Ecological specialization and niche overlap of subterranean rodents inferred from DNA metabarcoding diet analysis.

Mol Ecol 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Laboratoire d'Écologie Alpine, UMR 5553, Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Université Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, F-38000, Grenoble, France.

Knowledge of how animal species use food resources available in the environment increases our understanding of ecological processes. However, obtaining this information using traditional methods is a hard task for species feeding on a large variety of food items in highly diverse environments. We amplified the DNA of plants for 306 scat and 40 soil samples, and applied an eDNA metabarcoding approach to investigate food preferences, degree of diet specialization and diet overlap of seven herbivore rodent species of the Ctenomys genus distributed in southern and midwestern Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.15549DOI Listing

The efficacy of adenotonsillectomy on oxidative stress evaluated bythiol/disulfide balance.

Pediatr Int 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Medical Biochemistry Department, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Oxidative stress plays a role in the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases. Upper airway obstruction has been identified as a risk factor for increased oxidative stress-related disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea. The effect of adenotonsillar hypertrophywhich may result in a narrowing of the upper airways, on oxidative stress can be a valuablesubject of research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.14389DOI Listing

Considerations for integrative multi-omic approaches to explore Alzheimer's disease mechanisms.

Brain Pathol 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Center for Translational and Computational Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology and the Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

The past decade has seen the maturation of multiple different forms of high-dimensional molecular profiling to the point that these methods could be deployed in initially hundreds and more recently thousands of human samples. In the field of Alzheimer's disease (AD), these profiles have been applied to the target organ: the aging brain. In a growing number of cases, the same samples were profiled with multiple different approaches, yielding genetic, transcriptomic, epigenomic and proteomic data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bpa.12878DOI Listing

The genomic view of diversification.

J Evol Biol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Biology (CIRB), Collège de France, CNRS, UMR 7241, INSERM, UMR 1050, PSL Research University, Paris, France.

The process of species diversification is traditionally summarized by a single tree, the species tree, whose reconstruction from molecular data is hindered by frequent conflicts between gene genealogies Here, we argue that instead of seeing these conflicts as nuisances, we can exploit them to inform the diversification process itself. We adopt a gene-based view of diversification to model the ubiquitous presence of gene flow between diverging lineages, one of the most important processes explaining disagreements among gene trees. We propose a new framework for modeling the joint evolution of gene and species lineages relaxing the hierarchy between the species tree and gene trees inherent to the standard view, as embodied in a popular model known as the multi-species coalescent (MSC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13677DOI Listing

The effect of music therapy on the physical and mental parameters of cancer patients during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Family Medicine, Medical Faculty, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Music therapy has been used for relaxation in traditional medicine. This study explored the effect of music therapy on the physical and mental parameters of cancer patients during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).

Design And Methods: Thirty patients who were hospitalized for bone marrow transplantation were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12578DOI Listing

Prefrontal dopaminergic system and its role in working memory and cognition in spinal cord-injured rats.

Exp Physiol 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

New Findings: What is the central question of this study? How dose spinal cord injury affects the prefrontal cortex function and expression of dopamine receptors? What is the main finding and its importance? Spinal cord injury impaired the cognitive function in this study, which is approved by decreased dopamine receptors expression in the prefrontal cortex.

Abstract: The effect of spinal cord injury (SCI) is widely studied on paraplegia and motor areas of the brain, but its mechanisms in memory and cognitive impairment remains controversial. Here, we focused on the impact of SCI on prefrontal performance via dopamine levels and receptors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/EP088537DOI Listing

A radiomics platform for computing imaging features from µCT images of Thoroughbred racehorse proximal sesamoid bones: benchmark performance and evaluation.

Equine Vet J 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Clinical Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Background: Proximal sesamoid bone (PSB) fractures are the most common fatal musculoskeletal injury in North American racehorses. Computed tomography has the potential to detect morphological changes in bone structure but can be challenging to analyse reliably and quantitatively.

Objectives: To develop a radiomics platform that allows the comparison of features from micro-CTs (µCT) of PSB in horses that sustained catastrophic fractures with horses that did not. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13321DOI Listing

Microbial Contamination of Tattoo and Permanent Makeup Inks Marketed in the US: A Follow-Up Study.

Lett Appl Microbiol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Division of Microbiology, National Center for Toxicological Research, U.S. FDA, Jefferson, Arkansas, USA.

In a 2018 survey, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) identified microbial contamination in 42 (49%) of 85 unopened tattoo and permanent makeup (PMU) inks purchased from 13 manufacturers in the US between November 2015 and April 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lam.13353DOI Listing

Statistical characterization of the linear attenuation coefficient in polychromatic CT scans.

Med Phys 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Applied Chest Imaging Laboratory (ACIL), Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA), USA.

Purpose: To provide a unifying statistical model that characterizes the integrated X-ray intensity at the detector after logarithmic transformation and can be extended to the characterization of CT numbers in the reconstructed image.

Methods: We study the statistical characteristics of polyenergetic X-ray beams in the detector. Firstly, we consider the characterization of the integrated X-ray intensity at the detector through a probabilistic model (Compound Poisson) that describes its statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mp.14384DOI Listing

Types of Triggers in Migraine - Factor Structure of the Headache Triggers Sensitivity and Avoidance Questionnaire and Development of a New Short Form (HTSAQ-SF).

Headache 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Objective: To examine the factor structure of the Headache Triggers Sensitivity and Avoidance Questionnaire (HTSAQ) and its German version (HTSAQ-G), in order to identify potential different types of triggers. Furthermore, a short form of the questionnaire was developed.

Background: The HTSAQ includes 24 of the most commonly reported headache triggers (eg, stress, odors, lack of sleep). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13896DOI Listing

A methodological framework to analyse determinants of host-microbiota networks, with an application to the relationships between Daphnia magna's gut microbiota and bacterioplankton.

J Anim Ecol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Laboratory of Aquatic Biology, KU Leuven (Kulak), Dept of Biology, E, Sabbelaan 53, BE-8500, Kortrijk, Belgium.

The past thirty years have seen both a surge of interest in assessing ecological interactions using tools borrowed from network theory and an explosion of data on the occurrence of microbial symbionts thanks to next-generation sequencing. Given that classic network methods cannot currently measure the respective effects of different environmental and biological drivers on network structure, we here present two methods to elucidate the determinants of bipartite interaction networks. The first method is based on classifications and compares communities within networks to the grouping of nodes by treatment or similar controlling groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13297DOI Listing

Tracking evoked responses to auditory and visual stimuli in fetuses exposed to maternal high-risk conditions.

Dev Psychobiol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SARA Fetal MEG Research Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) has been successfully applied to record fetal auditory (auditory evoked response [AER]) and visual evoked responses (VER). In this study, we report the AER and VER development trajectory by tracking the evoked response detectability and latency from recordings starting at 27 weeks of gestation in pregnancies classified as high risk. Fetal MEG and ultrasound recordings were performed on 158 pregnant women, and the total number of fetal auditory and visual tests conducted was 321 and 237, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dev.22008DOI Listing

Appendiceal conduit: A novel technique to be applied after radical cystectomy: A case study report.

Urol J 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Student Research Committee, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R. Iran.

This paper introduces a novel technique, known as appendiceal conduit. It could be used as an alternative for ileal conduit and cutaneous ureterostomy, ultimately applied after radical cystectomy. The six-month follow-up indicated that the patient had appendix-stoma as nipple without any stenosis, nor did he have any hydronephrosis, as confirmed by abdominal sonography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/uj.v0i0.5513DOI Listing

Artificial intelligence in the IVF laboratory: overview through the application of different types of algorithms for the classification of reproductive data.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Laboratory of Applied Mathematics, Department of Biological Sciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Campus Assis, Av. Dom Antônio, São Paulo, 2100, Brazil.

Over the past years, the assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have been accompanied by constant innovations. For instance, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), time-lapse monitoring of the embryonic morphokinetics, and PGS are innovative techniques that increased the success of the ART. In the same trend, the use of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques is being intensively researched whether in the embryo or spermatozoa selection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10815-020-01881-9DOI Listing

Subtleties in the interpretation of hazard contrasts.

Lifetime Data Anal 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Section of Biostatistics, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5B, 1014, Copenhagen K, Denmark.

The hazard ratio is one of the most commonly reported measures of treatment effect in randomised trials, yet the source of much misinterpretation. This point was made clear by Hernán (Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass) 21(1):13-15, 2010) in a commentary, which emphasised that the hazard ratio contrasts populations of treated and untreated individuals who survived a given period of time, populations that will typically fail to be comparable-even in a randomised trial-as a result of different pressures or intensities acting on different populations. The commentary has been very influential, but also a source of surprise and confusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10985-020-09501-5DOI Listing

The effect of long-term care public benefits and insurance on informal care from outside the household: empirical evidence from Italy and Spain.

Eur J Health Econ 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Actuarial Science, Faculty of Business Economics (HEC Lausanne), Swiss Finance Institute, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

This article uses cross-sectional data from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) database to test the effect of both long-term care (LTC) public benefits and insurance on the receipt of informal care provided by family members living outside the household in Italy and Spain. The choice of Italy and Spain comes from the fact that informal care is rather similar in these two countries while their respective public LTC financing systems are different. Our results support the hypothesis of LTC public support decreasing the receipt of informal care for Spain while reject it for Italy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10198-020-01215-7DOI Listing

Hospitalization Costs Due to Hypoglycemia in Patients with Diabetes: A Microcosting Approach.

Diabetes Ther 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

MSD Portugal, Paço de Arcos, Portugal.

Introduction: Hypoglycemia leading to hospitalization is associated with adverse economic outcomes, although the real burden is unknown. The HIPOS-WARD (Hypoglycemia In Portugal Observational Study-Ward) aimed to characterize ward admissions due to hypoglycemia episodes in treated patients with diabetes and assess their economic impact to the National Health System.

Methods: Observational, cross-sectional study, conducted in 16 Portuguese centers for 22 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13300-020-00868-0DOI Listing

The effect of indocyanine green-mediated photodynamic therapy in healing of experimentally induced oral mucosal traumatic ulcer in rat.

Lasers Med Sci 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Oral and Dental Disease Research Center, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising approach for the healing of ulcerative lesions. This study aimed to investigate the effect of PDT using indocyanine green (ICG) in the healing of the experimentally induced oral mucosal traumatic ulcer in rat. Sixty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were recruited in this experimental study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-020-03096-xDOI Listing

The DizzyQuest: to have or not to have… a vertigo attack?

J Neurol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Division of Balance Disorders, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Background: The DizzyQuest, an app-based vestibular diary, provides the opportunity to capture the number and nature of vertigo attacks in daily life. To accomplish this, the DizzyQuest provides different strategies: event sampling using an attack questionnaire, and time sampling using an evening questionnaire. Objective of this study was to investigate whether the number and nature of reported vertigo attacks was comparable between the two questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-020-10043-xDOI Listing

Dysphagia in Lateral Medullary Syndrome: A Narrative Review.

Dysphagia 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, 317-1, Daemyung dong, Namgu, Daegu, 705-717, Republic of Korea.

Dysphagia is a common clinical feature of lateral medullary syndrome (LMS) and is clinically relevant because it is related to aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, increased mortality, and prolonged hospital stay. Herein, the pathophysiology, prognosis, and treatment of dysphagia in LMS are reviewed. The pathophysiology, prognosis, and treatment of dysphagia in LMS are closely interconnected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00455-020-10158-3DOI Listing

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles utilizing various biological systems: mechanisms and applications-a review.

Prog Biomater 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

University School of Environmental Management, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Dwarka, New Delhi, India.

The evolving technology of nanoparticle synthesis, especially silver nanoparticle (AgNPs) has already been applied in various fields i.e., electronics, optics, catalysis, food, health and environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40204-020-00135-2DOI Listing

The relationship between cholecystokinin secretion and pancreatic [C]methionine uptake in patients after partial pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Ann Nucl Med 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Objective: The pancreatic uptake of [C]methionine ([C]MET) is associated with beta-cell function and insulin secretion, but [C]MET uptake and its relationship with exocrine pancreatic performance are less well studied. The postprandial release of cholecystokinin (CCK) depends on gastric emptying velocity and triggers exocrine pancreas secretion. Therefore, we assumed that high postprandial CCK concentrations stimulate the uptake of [C]MET in the residual pancreas following pancreaticoduodenectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12149-020-01492-5DOI Listing

Validation of the 3-variable prognostic score (3-PS) in mCRPC patients treated with Radium-dichloride: a national multicenter study.

Ann Nucl Med 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and Anatomical Pathology, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Objective: Radium-223 (Ra) has been approved for treatment in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostatic cancer (mCRPC) and bone metastasis. This α-emitting radionuclide has a beneficial effect on pain and is also capable to increase overall survival (OS). Several studies evaluated the prognostic value of different biomarkers at baseline, such as serum values, imaging parameters or pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12149-020-01501-7DOI Listing

Shrinkage vectors in flowable bulk-fill and conventional composites: bulk versus incremental application.

Clin Oral Investig 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Goethestrasse 70, 80336, Munich, Germany.

Objectives: Sufficient depth of cure allows bulk-fill composites to be placed with a 4-mm thickness. This study investigated bulk versus incremental application methods by visualizing shrinkage vectors in flowable bulk-fill and conventional composites.

Materials And Methods: Cylindrical cavities (diameter = 6 mm, depth = 4 mm) were prepared in 24 teeth and then etched and bonded with OptiBond FL (Kerr, Italy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-020-03412-3DOI Listing

Formulation of Stattic as STAT3 inhibitor in nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) enhances efficacy of doxorubicin in melanoma cancer cells.

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Nowadays, nanoparticle-based combination therapy has been emerging as huge innovation in cancer treatment. Here, we studied the effect of Stattic (STAT3 inhibitor) loaded in nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) on enhancing the efficacy, cytotoxicity, and induction of apoptosis of doxorubicin in B16F10 mouse melanoma cancer cell. The evaluation of Stattic-loaded NLCs has been done in terms of zeta potential, particle size, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and cellular uptake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00210-020-01942-xDOI Listing

Topical application of (S)-(-)-limonene is as effective as phonophoresis for improving oxidative parameters of injured skeletal muscle in rats.

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Center of Biological and Health Sciences, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristovão, Sergipe, Brazil.

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of limonene, alone or associated with therapeutic ultrasound, on oxidative stress following skeletal muscle injury. Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups: CTR-control, MI-muscle injury without treatment, TPU-therapeutic pulsed ultrasound alone, TPU + LIM-phonophoresis with 5% limonene, and LIM-5% limonene applied topically. Muscle injury was induced by a mechanical abrupt impact over gastrocnemius muscle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00210-020-01941-yDOI Listing

Using the Hub and Spoke Model of Telemental Health to Expand the Reach of Community Based Care in the United States.

Authors:
Cynthia Williams

Community Ment Health J 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Public Health, Brooks College of Health, University of North Florida, 1 UNF Drive, Jacksonville, FL, 32224-2646, USA.

Community-based agencies are challenged with providing mental health care services with limited resources. When services are not provided, children are at increased risk for ongoing symptoms. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the hub and spoke model of telemental services on the quality of function, access to care, and medication management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-020-00675-8DOI Listing

Reusable optofluidic point-of-care testing platform with lyophilized specific antibody for fluorescence detection of cholylglycine in serum.

Mikrochim Acta 2020 Jul 11;187(8):439. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100874, China.

A reusable optofluidic point-of-care testing platform (OPOCT) was successfully constructed through integrating evanescent wave fluorescence technology into an all-fiber-based optofluidic system. The compact design of the OPOCT allows it to be portable and suitable for on-site sensitive determination of biomarkers in serum without complicated and costly procedures. The sensitivity of 90. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-020-04424-2DOI Listing

Electrochemical sensor based on CuSe for determination of dopamine.

Mikrochim Acta 2020 Jul 11;187(8):440. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Chemistry, Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, 65409, USA.

A simple binary copper selenide, CuSe nanostructure, has been investigated as electrochemical sensor for dopamine detection. The hydrothermally synthesized and electrodeposited CuSe nanostructures showed high sensitivity for dopamine detection with low limit of detection (LOD). A sensitivity of 26 μA/μM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-020-04405-5DOI Listing

Cloning and expression profiling of muscle regulator ANKRD2 in domestic chicken Gallus gallus.

Histochem Cell Biol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Institute of Molecular Genetics and Genetic Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Striated muscle signaling protein and transcriptional regulator ANKRD2 participates in myogenesis, myogenic differentiation, muscle adaptation and stress response. It is preferentially expressed in slow, oxidative fibers of mammalian skeletal muscle. In this study, we report on characterization of chicken ANKRD2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00418-020-01899-1DOI Listing

Comparative study of antimicrobial activity between some medicine plants and recombinant Lactoferrin peptide against some pathogens of cultivated button mushroom.

Arch Microbiol 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

The adverse effects of chemical pesticides on human health and environment cannot be ignored, hence it seems that novel alternative compounds should be applied to control plant pathogens. Among various alternative sources, natural compounds such as plant essential oils, plant extracts and recombinant antimicrobial peptides are of significance. The aim of the present study was to investigate antimicrobial activity of plants essential oils and plant extracts of six medicinal plants (Lippia citriodora, Ferula gummosa, Bunium persicum, Mentha piperita, Plantago major and Salvadora persica) along with a chimera peptide of camel lactoferrin, which is the most important antimicrobial component of camel milk, against Pseudomonas tolaasii and Trichoderma harzianum as pathogens of white button mushroom. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00203-020-01964-2DOI Listing

Adaptive Multi-Orientation Resolution Analysis of Complex Filamentous Network Images.

Bioinformatics 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Biophysics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390.

Motivation: Microscopy images of cytoskeletal, nucleoskeletal, and other structures contain complex junctions of overlapping filaments with arbitrary geometry. Yet state-of-the-art algorithms generally perform single orientation analysis to segment these structures, resulting in gaps near junctions, or assume particular junction geometries to detect them.

Results: We developed a fully automated image analysis approach to address the challenge of determining the number of orientations and their values at each point in space in order to detect both lines and their junctions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa627DOI Listing

Identifying patterns of lifestyle behaviours among children of 3 years old.

Eur J Public Health 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: To identify the patterns of lifestyle behaviours in children aged 3 years, to investigate the parental and child characteristics associated with the lifestyle patterns, and to examine whether the identified lifestyle patterns are associated with child BMI and weight status.

Methods: Cross-sectional data of 2090 children 3 years old participating in the Dutch BeeBOFT study were used. Child dietary intakes, screen times and physical activity were assessed by parental questionnaire, and child weight and height were measured by trained professionals according to a standardized protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa109DOI Listing

Water-filtered Infrared A and visible light (wIRA/VIS) treatment reduces Chlamydia caviae-induced ocular inflammation and infectious load in a Guinea pig model of inclusion conjunctivitis.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2020 Jul 5;209:111953. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Institute of Veterinary Pathology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Trachoma is a devastating neglected tropical disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and the leading global cause of infectious blindness. Although antibiotic treatment against trachoma is efficient (SAFE strategy), additional affordable therapeutic strategies are of high interest. Water-filtered infrared A and visible light (wIRA/VIS) irradiation has proven to reduce chlamydial infectivity in vitro and ex vivo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2020.111953DOI Listing

A ROS responsive nanomedicine with enhanced photodynamic therapy via dual mechanisms: GSH depletion and biosynthesis inhibition.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2020 Jul 5;209:111955. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biofunctional Materials, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Centre of Biomedical Functional Materials, Key Laboratory of Applied Photochemistry, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China; School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng, Jiangsu 224051, China. Electronic address:

Reduced glutathione (GSH, containing sulfydryl) inside cancer cells strongly consumes reactive oxygen species (ROS) in photodynamic therapy (PDT) process to reduce PDT effect. Thiol-ene click reaction is a classic method to couple sulfydryl and alkene groups. However, little effort was dedicated to developing medicines for GSH depletion based on this reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2020.111955DOI Listing

Assessment of tumour depth in early tongue cancer: Accuracy of MRI and intraoral ultrasound.

Oral Oncol 2020 Jul 9;110:104895. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands; Department of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Objectives: Complete resection of tongue cancer is necessary to achieve local control. Unfortunately, deep resection margins are frequently inadequate. To improve deep margin control, accurate knowledge of tumour thickness is pivotal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2020.104895DOI Listing

'Big boys don't cry': Examining the indirect pathway of masculinity discrepancy stress and muscle dysmorphia symptomatology through dimensions of emotion dysregulation.

Body Image 2020 Jul 9;34:209-214. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Prevailing conceptualizations of muscle dysmorphia (MD) have highlighted the role of adherence to stereotypical ideals of masculinity. In addition, the endorsement of masculine norms has been associated with dysfunctional emotional regulation, itself a correlate of body image psychopathology. Building on this, the present study sought to investigate the indirect relationship between masculinity discrepancy stress (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.014DOI Listing

A dual-response ratiometric fluorescent probe for hypochlorite and hydrazine detection and its imaging in living cells.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2020 Jul 3;241:118672. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, PR China. Electronic address:

In this work, a dual-response ratiometric fluorescent probe (E)-3-(5-(2-nitrovinyl)thiophen-2-yl)-9-phenyl-9H-carbazole (NTPC) for high selectivity and sensitivity detection of ClO and NH was successfully developed. This probe NTPC showed ratiometric fluorescent response to ClO and NH, which induces obvious naked-eye color changes, respectively. In addition, the NTPC for ClO and NH detection displayed low detection limits of 71. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2020.118672DOI Listing

Chitosan-based molecular imprinted polymer for extraction and spectrophotometric determination of ketorolac in human plasma.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2020 Jul 4;241:118668. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tanta University, 31111, Egypt; Pharmaceutical Services Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tanta University, 31111, Egypt. Electronic address:

A selective chitosan-based ion exchange molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) was prepared for ketorolac (KET) using the sol-gel method and glutaraldehyde as a crosslinker. The nonimprinted polymer (NIP) was prepared and used as a control, during the whole experiment. The chemical and morphological characteristics of the prepared polymers were investigated using FTIR and SEM, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2020.118668DOI Listing

Effect of organic micropollutants on biofouling in a forward osmosis process integrating seawater desalination and wastewater reclamation.

J Hazard Mater 2020 Jul 4;401:123386. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC), Division of Biological & Environmental Science & Engineering (BESE), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

This study systematically investigated the effect of organic micropollutants (OMPs) on biofouling in forward osmosis (FO) integrating wastewater treatment and seawater dilution. Synthetic seawater (0.6 M sodium chloride) was used as a draw solution and synthetic municipal wastewater as a feed solution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123386DOI Listing

Application of pyrolysis to remove hydrogen from an organic nuclear waste.

J Hazard Mater 2020 Jul 2;401:123367. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Laboratoire de Génie Chimique, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, INP, UPS, Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

The work deals with the removal by slow pyrolysis of epoxy resin from samples of spent nuclear fuel embedded in this polymer. Beyond the nuclear field, epoxy resin removal by pyrolysis is a typical issue for the recovery of metals in electronic waste. The main objective is to find the optimal conditions to remove hydrogen in the residual solid waste, in order to avoid hydrogen production by radiolysis during storage and so to prevent any risk of overpressure and explosion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123367DOI Listing

TBBPA, TBBPS, and TCBPA disrupt hESC hepatic differentiation and promote the proliferation of differentiated cells partly via up-regulation of the FGF10 signaling pathway.

J Hazard Mater 2020 Jun 30;401:123341. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China; College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. Electronic address:

Halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), including Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), Tetrabromobisphenol S (TBBPS), and Tetrachlorobisphenol A (TCBPA), are widely applied in the manufacturing industry to improve fire safety and can be detected in pregnant women's serum at nanomolar levels. Thus, it is necessary to pay attention to the three HFR potential development toxicity, which has not been conclusively addressed yet. The liver is the main organ that detoxifies our body; TBBPA exposure may lead to increased liver weight in rodents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123341DOI Listing

Drugs of abuse and their metabolites in river sediments: Analysis, occurrence in four Spanish river basins and environmental risk assessment.

J Hazard Mater 2020 Jun 25;401:123312. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Water, Environmental, and Food Chemistry Unit (ENFOCHEM), Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

The environmental impact produced by the presence of drugs of abuse in sediments has been scarcely studied to date, even though many of them may adsorb onto particulate matter due to their physical-chemical properties. This study presents an analytical method for the determination of 20 drugs of abuse and metabolites in sediments. The validated method was satisfactory in terms of linearity (r >0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123312DOI Listing

Accelerating drug development for neuroblastoma: Summary of the Second Neuroblastoma Drug Development Strategy forum from Innovative Therapies for Children with Cancer and International Society of Paediatric Oncology Europe Neuroblastoma.

Eur J Cancer 2020 Jul 9;136:52-68. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Paediatric Drug Development, Children & Young People's Unit, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, UK; Division of Clinical Studies and Cancer Therapeutics, The Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK.

Only one class of targeted agents (anti-GD2 antibodies) has been incorporated into front-line therapy for neuroblastoma since the 1980s. The Neuroblastoma New Drug Development Strategy (NDDS) initiative commenced in 2012 to accelerate the development of new drugs for neuroblastoma. Advances have occurred, with eight of nine high-priority targets being evaluated in paediatric trials including anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitors being investigated in front-line, but significant challenges remain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.05.010DOI Listing

Parental exposure to the synthetic estrogen 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) affects offspring development in the Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata.

Environ Pollut 2020 Jul 3;266(Pt 1):114994. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Electronic address:

Very little is currently known regarding the effects of estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals on embryonic and larval development in molluscs, nor the potential effects of parental (F) exposure on resultant F offspring. In this study, we assessed the embryotoxic impacts of exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of the synthetic estrogen, 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), to male and female parents (50 ng/L) and their offspring (5 and 50 ng/L) in the native Australian Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata. There were no detectable effects of parental exposure on fertilisation success, proportions of early larval (F) morphs and unfertilised eggs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114994DOI Listing
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