8,245 results match your criteria Applied Biochemistry And Biotechnology[Journal]


The Biodegradation of 4-Chlorophenol in a Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor Using Response Surface Methodology: Effect of Biogenic Substrate and Kinetic Evaluation.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Chemical Engineering & Technology IIT (BHU), Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi, 221005, India.

4-Chlorophenol (4-CP) is a persistent organic pollutant commonly found in petrochemical effluents. It causes toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic effects on human beings and aquatic lives. Therefore, an environmentally benign and cost-effective approach is needed against such pollutants. Read More

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Burn Wounds: Proliferating Site for Biofilm Infection.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department one of Cardiology, Tangshan Worker's Hospital, 063000, Tangshan, Hebei, China.

Burn wounds can create significant damage to human skin, compromising one of the key barriers to infection. The leading cause of death among burn wound patients is infection. Even in the patients that survive, infections can be notoriously difficult to treat and can cause lasting damage, with delayed healing and prolonged hospital stays. Read More

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Nano Hydroxyapatite for Biomedical Applications Derived from Chemical and Natural Sources by Simple Precipitation Method.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 21. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Chemistry, Aarupadai Veedu Institute of Technology, Vinayaka Mission's Research Foundation (Deemed to be University), Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Paiyanoor, Kancheepuram District, 603104, Tamil Nadu, India.

In the past, bone fractures due to accidents were rectified by surgery and reconstruction of bone structure. In recent times, researchers have been made to find a solution by producing alternate biomaterials. Hydroxyapatite (HAp) is one of the most important bioactive materials used as a substitute for human hard tissue because of its composition being very similar to human bones and teeth. Read More

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Soil Nematodes as the Silent Sufferers of Climate-Induced Toxicity: Analysing the Outcomes of Their Interactions with Climatic Stress Factors on Land Cover and Agricultural Production.

Authors:
Debraj Biswal

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Zoology, Government General Degree College at Mangalkote, 713132, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.

Unsustainable anthropogenic activities over the last few decades have resulted in alterations of the global climate. It can be perceived through changes in the rainfall patterns and rise in mean annual temperatures. Climatic stress factors exert their effects on soil health mainly by modifying the soil microenvironments where the soil fauna reside. Read More

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Cell-Free Supernatant of Bacillus thuringiensis Displays Anti-Biofilm Activity Against Staphylococcus aureus.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Research Institute of Cell Culture, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongsangbuk-do, 38541, Republic of Korea.

Staphylococcus aureus is an important bacterial pathogen responsible for biofilm formation in medical devices. Due to the increasing antibiotic resistance of S. aureus, it is necessary to search for new anti-biofilm agents. Read More

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Biodiesel Production from Brassica juncea Using Oleaginous Yeast.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Himachal Pradesh, India, 173234.

The present study explores the potential of Brassica juncea as a low-cost substrate for biodiesel production through the growth of oleaginous yeast. Firstly, the selected lignocellulosic biomass, i.e. Read More

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Neuroprotective Effect of N-acetylcysteine Against Monocrotophos-Induced Oxidative Stress in Different Brain Regions of Rats.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Biochemistry, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, 124001, Haryana, India.

Monocrotophos (MCP) is systemic organophosphate insecticide used against crop pests. It is reported to cause mammalian toxicity through both acute and chronic exposure. In the present study, we have shown the protective role of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) against MCP-induced oxidative stress in frontal cortex, corpus striatum and hippocampus brain regions of rats. Read More

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Anti-Dengue Activity of ZnO Nanoparticles of Crude Fucoidan from Brown Seaweed S.marginatum.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Chemistry, Vinayaka Mission's Kirupananda Variyar Arts and Science College, Vinayaka Missions Research Foundation (Deemed to be University), Tamilnadu, 636308, Salem, India.

Dengue fever is a rapidly spreading infection that affects people all over the tropics and subtropics, posing a significant public health threat. The brown seaweed Stoechospermum marginatum was found all over the world, from South Africa (Indian Ocean) to Australia (Pacific Ocean), among other places. In India, it is only available along the coast of the Bay of Bengal, which is a small region. Read More

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Biofixation of Air Emissions and Biomass Valorization-Evaluation of Microalgal Biotechnology.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Professional Master's Program in Industrial Biotechnology, Positivo University, Rua Professor Pedro Viriato Parigot de Souza, 5300, Curitiba, Paraná, CEP 81.280-330, Brazil.

This research appraised the simultaneous biofixation, that is not quite common in scientific literature, of carbon dioxide (CO) and nitric oxides (NO) by microalgae species Chlorella vulgaris, Haematococcus pluvialis, and Scenedesmus subspicatus. The experimental design was established by five treatments with gas concentrations between control-0.04% of CO, 5 to 15% of CO, and 30 to 100 ppm of NOx. Read More

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Dual Mode of Action of Talaromyces purpureogenus CFRM02 Pigment to Ameliorate Alcohol Induced Liver Toxicity in Rats.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Microbiology & Fermentation Technology, CSIR- Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysuru, Karnataka, 570 020, India.

Talaromyces purpureogenus CFRM02 pigment exhibited antioxidant activity by scavenging free radicals. The alcohol feeding leads to free radical generation causing pathophysiological processes of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and alcoholic hepatitis. T. Read More

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Phytochemical Studies, Antioxidant Potential, and Identification of Bioactive Compounds Using GC-MS of the Ethanolic Extract of Luffa cylindrica (L.) Fruit.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Pharmacology, SRM College of Pharmacy, SRMIST, Kattankulathur-603209, Tamil Nadu, India.

Luffa cylindrica (L.) is a medicinal plant associated with Cucurbitaceae family which is also known as loofah/sponge gourd, comprising a series of phytochemicals such as chlorophylls, carotenoids, oleanolic acid, saponin, and triterpenoids. The study was carried out to investigate and characterize the bioactive components of ethanolic extract of L. Read More

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Sustainable Management of Arsenic Translocation in the Paddy Plants (Oryza sativa L) Cultivated in the Alluvial Soil of Gangetic West Bengal, India.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

University of Engineering & Management, University Area, Plot No. III, B/5, New Town Rd, Action Area III, Kolkata, 700160, India.

Rice plants are known to be more susceptible to arsenic (As) contamination during the cultivation process. Arsenic is genotoxic and can be a big threat to the rice eating people at large. Studies on an effective mitigation mechanism are the need of the hour. Read More

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Identifying Circulating Tumor DNA Mutations Associated with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Efficacy in Local Advanced Breast Cancer.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Institute of Life Science, Yinfeng Biological Group, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) correlates with tumor burden and provides early detection of treatment response and tumor genetic alterations in breast cancer. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) has become standard therapy for local advanced breast cancer (LABC). The aim of our study was to investigate plasma ctDNA as a prognostic marker for outcome in patients with LABC treated with NACT. Read More

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A Review on Opportunities and Limitations of Membrane Bioreactor Configuration in Biofuel Production.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Biochemical Conversion Division, Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Bio-Energy, Kapurthala, Punjab, 144601, India.

Biofuels are a clean and renewable source of energy that has gained more attention in recent years; however, high energy input and processing cost during the production and recovery process restricted its progress. Membrane technology offers a range of energy-saving separation for product recovery and purification in biorefining along with biofuel production processes. Membrane separation techniques in combination with different biological processes increase cell concentration in the bioreactor, reduce product inhibition, decrease chemical consumption, reduce energy requirements, and further increase product concentration and productivity. Read More

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Biosurfactants: Secondary Metabolites Involved in the Process of Bioremediation and Biofilm Removal.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Microbiology, Sikkim University, Gangtok, 737102, Sikkim, India.

The search for environmentally friendly methods to remove persistent substances such as organic pollutants and sessile communities such as biofilms that severely affect the environment and human health resulted in biosurfactant discovery. Owing to their low level of toxicity and high biodegradability, biosurfactants are increasingly preferred to be used for removal of pollutants from nature. These amphipathic molecules can be synthesized inexpensively, employing cheap substrates such as agricultural and industrial wastes. Read More

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Promising Endophytic Alternaria alternata from Leaves of Ziziphus spina-christi: Phytochemical Analyses, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Benha, Egypt.

Fungal endophytes are considered one of the most important reservoirs of bioactive compounds which defeat resistant microbes. In our study, endophytic Alternaria alternata was isolated from Ziziphus spina-christi and identified morphologically and genetically with accession number OM 331,682. Preliminary phytochemical screening of ethyl acetate (EA) crude extract of A. Read More

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Bioactivity and Pharmacological Potential of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Against Pandemic COVID-19: a Comprehensive Review.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

A novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) or severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), transmitted from person to person, has quickly emerged as the pandemic responsible for the current global health crisis. This infection has been declared a global pandemic, resulting in a concerning number of deaths as well as complications post-infection, primarily among vulnerable groups particularly older people and those with multiple comorbidities. In this article, we review the most recent research on the role of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L. Read More

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Biocompatible Films of Collagen-Procyanidin for Wound Healing Applications.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu, Vellore, 632014, India.

The study investigated the effect of polyphenols present in Cassia auriculata (CA) leaves in enhancing the stability of the collagen protein and the wound healing potential of collagen films. The crude ethanol extract of CA was analyzed for the presence of phytochemicals and purified by column chromatography using solvents with increasing polarity. The ethanol eluted active fractions (EEAF) that precipitated gelatin was characterized using HP-TLC, FTIR spectroscopy, ESI-FT-MS/MS, and H NMR spectroscopy. Read More

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Sequential Dark-Photo Batch Fermentation and Kinetic Modelling for Biohydrogen Production Using Cheese Whey as a Feedstock.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Biotechnology, Dr. B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, 144011, India.

The present work describes the utilisation of cheese whey to produce biohydrogen by sequential dark-photo fermentation. In first stage, cheese whey was fermented by Enterobacter aerogenes 2822 cells in a 2 L double-walled cylindrical bioreactor to produce hydrogen/organic acids giving maximum biohydrogen yield and cumulative hydrogen of 2.43 ± 0. Read More

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Alpinetin: a Dietary Flavonoid with Diverse Anticancer Effects.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

School of Medicine and Holistic Integrative Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Cancer is  a global burden and mechanistically complex disease with a plethora of genetic, physiological, metabolic, and environmental alterations. The development of dietary nutraceuticals into cancer chemotherapeutics has emerged as a new paradigm in cancer treatment. Alpinetin (ALPI) is a novel flavonoid component of multiple edible and medicinal plants and possesses a wide range of biological and pharmacological activities including antibacterial, anti-hemostatic, anti-oxidative, anti-hepatotoxic, stomachic, immunosuppressive, and anti-inflammatory. Read More

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Influence of Tangeretin on the Exponential Regression of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Nephropathy.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 14. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Kidney Disease Unit & Dialysis, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, No. 105, Jiefang Road, Jinan City, Shandong, 250013, China.

Diabetes is an amalgamation of metabolic disorders marked by hyperglycemia. Over time diabetes brings up several other complications with it like cardiovascular disease, retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy. among which diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the one we are concerned about in the present study. Read More

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Efficient Screening of Pesticide Diazinon-Binding Aptamers Using the Sol-Gel-Coated Nanoporous Membrane-Assisted SELEX Process and Next-Generation Sequencing.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Research Group of Consumer Safety, Research Division of Strategic Food Technology, Korea Food Research Institute, Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do, 55365, Republic of Korea.

Aptamer-based methods for detecting pesticides are more efficient than antibody-based methods by high thermal stability, low molecular weight, easy modification, and low cost. In this study, the systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) process, combined with next-generation sequencing (NGS), was performed to select aptamers specific to the pesticide, diazinon, which was fixed on a sol-gel-coated nanoporous-anodized aluminum oxide membrane to overcome the immobilization effect of general method and simplify the elution step. The frequency of specific nucleotide sequences obtained after SELEX rounds was directly analyzed using NGS to eliminate the time-consuming cloning process used in the general SELEX methods. Read More

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Acute Toxicity Bioassay and Determination of LC of Cadmium Chloride in Trichogaster (Colisa) fasciata.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

PG Department of Zoology, Hooghly Mohsin College, Hooghly-Chinsurah, India.

Cadmium chloride is a metal salt used in industries in a large scale. Trichogaster (Colisa) fasciata (common name banded gourami) is an air-breathing fresh water fish with both nutritional and ornamental values. In this present study, as per EPA guidelines, acute toxicity bioassay was performed in a 96-h static test method in four replicates, each replicate having one control and five concentrations (25, 50, 75, 100 and 125 mg/L, respectively) of the metal salt. Read More

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Ponicidin Treatment Improved the Cell Proliferation, Differentiation, and Calcium Mineralization on the Osteoblast-Like MG-63 Cells.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Trauma Center, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, No. 105 Jiefang Road, Jinan, 250013, Shandong Province, China.

Osteoporosis is a general bone-related ailment characterized by reduced bone density and quality, elevated bone fragility, and fractures. It was reported that both aged men and women has an increased risks of osteoporosis. The current research work focused to unveil the beneficial roles of ponicidin treatment in the proliferation and calcium deposition on the osteoblast-like MG-63 cells. Read More

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Clinical Association of Biochemical Variations Among Multilocus Genotypes of Antioxidant Enzymes with Susceptibility of Cataract in Hyperglycemia.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

The Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (KIBGE), University of Karachi, Main University Rd, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan.

Hyperglycemia plays a pronounced role in accelerating the process of aging due to high oxidative stress which triggers dyslipidemia and subsequently led to the progression of cataract. The aim of this study was to investigate lipid profile and its relationship with genotypes of SOD1, GPX1, and CAT variants in cataract patients. Total n = 680 samples were screened in four groups: senile cataract (SC), diabetic cataract (DC), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and controls (CL). Read More

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Applications of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles in Theranostics.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Medical Bionanotechnology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Chettinad Health City, Kelambakkam, Tamilnadu, 603103, India.

Nanotechnology sculptures the current scenario of science and technology. The word nano refers 'small' which ranges from 10 to 100 nm in size. Silver and gold nanoparticles can be synthesized at nanoscale and have unique biological properties like antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor activity. Read More

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Optimizing Chitosan/Collagen Type I/Nanohydroxyapatite Cross-linked Porous Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, 06560, Turkey.

Bio-composite scaffolds mimicking the natural microenvironment of bone tissue offer striking advantages in material-guided bone regeneration. The combination of biodegradable natural polymers and bioactive ceramics that leverage potent bio-mimicking cues has been an active strategy to achieve success in bone tissue engineering. Herein, a competitive approach was followed to point out an optimized bio-composite scaffold in terms of scaffold properties and stimulation of osteoblast differentiation. Read More

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MicroRNA-19a-3p Acts as an Oncogene in Gastric Cancer and Exerts the Effect by Targeting SMOC2.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of General Surgery, Tonglu First People's Hospital, No.338 Xuesheng Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 311500, People's Republic of China.

MicroRNAs are reported to be involved in tumor development. This study aims to investigate the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of microRNA-19a-3p in gastric cancer cells. TCGA-based expression analysis and qRT-PCR assay illustrated that microRNA-19a-3p was overexpressed in gastric cancer. Read More

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Isolation and Phytochemical Screening of Endophytic Fungi Isolated from Medicinal Plant Mappia foetida and Evaluation of Its In Vitro Cytotoxicity in Cancer.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

School of Chemical Engineering, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-ro, Gyeongsan, 38541, Republic of Korea.

Isolated endophyte fungi from Mappia foetida have been explored as a potential source for the mass production of anticancer drug lead compounds in the current study. Since medical plants are not feasible economically for mass production of bioactive pharmaceutical important molecules using plant tissue culture due to factors like media design and fungal contamination, endophyte fungal mass culture have been an alternative for the relatively easy and inexpensive production. Two endophytic fungi isolated, Alternaria alternata and Fusarium species were mass cultured and their prepared alcoholic extract subjected to standard procedures to identify the phytochemical screening by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), UV visible spectrophotometry (UV-VIS), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Read More

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LncRNA LINC00665 Promotes Ovarian Cancer Cell Proliferation and Inhibits Apoptosis via Targeting miR-181a-5p/FHDC.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2022 May 7. Epub 2022 May 7.

Department of Gynecological Oncology Surgery, Jiangsu Cancer Hospital (Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Cancer Hospital), 42 Baiziting Road, Nanjing, 210009, Jiangsu Province, China.

Previous reports indicate that long intergenic non-coding RNA LINC00665 naturally occurred vital effects in various cancers. Herein, the role of LINC00665 in ovarian cancer progress was explored. We found that LINC00665 was upregulated in ovarian cancer cell lines. Read More

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