926,910 results match your criteria Applied & Preventive Psychology[Journal]
Cytometry A 2018 Dec;93(12):1207-1212
Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Laboratory of Experimental Clinical Chemistry, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Biomarkers in the blood of cancer patients include circulating tumor cells (CTCs), tumor-educated platelets (TEPs), tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (tdEVs), EV-associated miRNA (EV-miRNA), and circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA). Because the size and density of biomarkers differ, blood is centrifuged to isolate or concentrate the biomarker of interest. Here, we applied a model to estimate the effect of centrifugation on the purity of a biomarker according to published protocols. Read More
Inflamm Bowel Dis 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Background: Psychiatric comorbidity might modify the disease course adversely in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Treatment options include antidepressants, which, apart from improving mood, have anti-inflammatory properties that might modify the disease course. This nationwide study aimed to examine the influence of antidepressants on the disease course among patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Read More
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Ceará-UFC. Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection is a current public health problem. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for death among patients with CHIKV infection during a large epidemic in northeast Brazil.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with all registered cases of CHIKV in Ceara, Brazil, during 2016-2017. Read More
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5941-5956
Applied Genetic Technologies Corporation, Alachua, Florida, United States.
Purpose: Prospective evaluation of patients with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS).
Methods: Fifty-six males XLRS patients, age ≥7 years, had retinal structure and function tests performed every 6 months during an 18-month period.
Results: Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was abnormal (mean ± SD logMAR 0. Read More
J Natl Cancer Inst 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of California San Diego School of Medicine, UCSD School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA.
Background: Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy is a promising new class of cancer therapy but has a high up-front cost. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of CAR-T therapy among pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).
Methods: We built a microsimulation model for pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory B-ALL receiving either CAR-T therapy or standard of care. Read More
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Endocrinology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.
Objective: To monitor the impact of a cautious iodine fortification (IF) on the incidence of overt hypothyroidism in two sub-populations with different levels of preexisting iodine deficiency (ID).
Design: A 20 years (1997-2016) prospective population-based study identified all new cases of diagnosed overt biochemical hypothyroidism in two open cohorts: a Western cohort with moderate ID (n=309,434, January 1st, 1997) and an Eastern cohort with mild ID (n=224,535, January 1st, 1997). A diagnostic algorithm was applied to all thyroid function tests performed within the study areas and possible new cases were verified individually. Read More
Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain.
Thermal spraying is widely used for industrial-scale application of ceramic coatings onto metallic surfaces. The particular process has implications for occupational health, as the high energy process generates high emissions of metal-bearing nanoparticles. Emissions and their impact on exposure were characterized during thermal spraying in a work environment, by monitoring size-resolved number and mass concentrations, lung-deposited surface area, particle morphology, and chemical composition. Read More
Transl Behav Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Duluth Medical Research Institute, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN, USA.
Early life adversities (ELAs) are shown as significant risk factors for chronic health conditions (CHCs). ELAs include multiple types of abuse such as the social abuse (peer, community, and collective violence). The purpose is to describe the relationship between childhood social abuse and chronic conditions in adulthood among a sample of adults in Tunisia and to investigate the role of obesity and tobacco use as mediators of this association. Read More
J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Dec;40(suppl_2):ii12-ii15
Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Background: The IDRC 'Strengthening Equity through Applied Research Capacity building in eHealth' (SEARCH) funded seven research projects in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lebanon, Peru and Vietnam that sought to answer questions or test solutions related to the use of Internet or mobile phone technology in strengthening health systems. The evaluation accompanied these projects over two years to answer, among others, the question how cross-grant learning interactions influenced project outcomes.
Methods: The evaluation team conducted repeated interviews and on-line questionnaire surveys with the research teams and analysed the information exchanges among researchers on a SharePoint site established by IDRC. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 5;219:444-455. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Emulsified polycolloid substrate (EPS) was developed and applied in situ to form a biobarrier for the containment and enhanced bioremediation of a petroleum-hydrocarbon plume. EPS had a negative zeta potential (-35.7 mv), which promoted its even distribution after injection. Read More
J Plant Physiol 2018 Nov 29;232:301-310. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Departamento de Biología Vegetal (Botánica), Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Murcia, 30100, Spain.
An experiment was conducted with seedlings of Citrus macrophylla Wester to study the effects of P nutrition on plants inoculated with a mixture (Rhizophagus irregularis and Funneliformis mosseae) of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. The treatments consisted of factorial combinations of two factors: mycorrhization (-AM: non-inoculated plants, and +AM: inoculated plants) and P nutrition (0, 0.1, 1, and 5 mM P). Read More
J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Dec 5;165:173-181. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
National Center of Mass Spectrometry in Changchun and Jilin Province Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine Chemistry and Mass Spectrometry and Chemical Biology Laboratory, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130022, China; University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, China. Electronic address:
In this study, a novel analysis strategy for progressively targeted screening and characterization of drug ingredients from in vitro to in vivo was proposed based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for comprehensive characterization of in vivo metabolic profile of Polygalae radix (PR). First, an in vitro chemical profile of PR was described with the assistance of UNIFI™ software. The characteristic neutral small molecule losses were summarized to distinguish different chemical structures in the PR extract. Read More
J Colloid Interface Sci 2018 Dec 4;538:559-568. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Pharmacy, University of Uppsala, SE-75123 Uppsala, Sweden.
In an effort to contribute to research in scalable production systems for polymeric delivery systems loaded with antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), we here investigate effects of hydrodynamic flow conditions on microfluidic particle generation. For this purpose, rapid prototyping using 3D printing was applied to prepare micromixers with three different geometric designs, which were used to prepare Ca-cross-linked alginate microgels loaded with the AMP polymyxin B in a continuous process. Based on fluid dynamic simulations, the hydrodynamic flow patterns in the micromixers were designed to be either (i) turbulent with chaotic disruption, (ii) laminar with convective mixing, or (iii) convective with microvortex formation. Read More
Gait Posture 2018 Dec 5;68:280-284. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Federal University of ABC, Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering Programs, São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
Background: Gait speed is one of the main biomechanical determinants of human movement patterns. However, in clinical gait analysis, the effect of gait speed is generally not considered, and people with disabilities are usually compared with able-bodied individuals even though disabled people tend to walk slower.
Research Questions: This study proposes a simple way to predict the gait pattern of healthy individuals at a specific speed. Read More
Gait Posture 2018 Dec 6;68:269-273. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica y Construcción, Universitat Jaume I, Av. Vicent Sos Baynat, s/n, 12071, Castellón, Spain. Electronic address:
Background: Kinematic analysis could help to study how variations in the static foot posture affect lower limb biomechanical function. The analysis of foot kinematics is complex because it involves managing the time-dependent joint angles in different joints and in all three planes of motion. But it could be simplified if joint angles are coordinated. Read More
Cortex 2018 Nov 19;111:274-285. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Burke Medical Research Institute, Edith Cowan University and Weill Cornell Medicine, White Plains, NY, USA; Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
There exists debate regarding the extent to which transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can affect or enhance human behavior. Here, we examined a previously unexplored domain: speech motor learning. We investigated whether speech motor learning in unimpaired participants can be enhanced using a single-session tDCS experiment, and investigated whether the timing of tDCS relative to a behavioral task affected performance. Read More
Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 8;274:410-417. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås, 50190 Borås, Sweden.
The fungal dynamics and its correlation with physicochemical and gaseous emission were investigated using metagenomics and Heat map illustrator (HEMI). Five different concentrations of wheat straw biochar (WSB) were applied to poultry manure (PM) and composted for 50 days; those without the WSB treatment were used as a control. The results revealed the dominant phyla to be Chytridiomycota, Mucoromycota, Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, while Batrachochytrium, Rhizophagus, Mucor, and Puccinia were the superior genera. Read More
Environ Pollut 2018 Dec 5;246:198-206. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Institute of Applied Geosciences, Technical University of Darmstadt, Schnittspahnstrasse 9, 64287, Darmstadt, Germany; IWW Water Centre, Moritzstrasse 26, 45476, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany. Electronic address:
In the present work, we analyzed the concentration patterns of 20 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in 25 surface sediments and 11 sediment cores from the northern part of Taihu Lake, China. Three of the cores were dated based on Cs activity for the deposition age of the sediment. The spatial distributions of the PAH concentrations show that the inflow rivers into Zhushan Bay and Meiliang Bay were the main pathway for PAHs and sediment input to the northern part of the lake. Read More
Curr Opin Chem Biol 2018 Dec 11;48:114-122. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Laboratory of Quantitative Proteomics, Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 5EH, UK. Electronic address:
Proteomes are highly dynamic and can respond rapidly to environmental and cellular signals. Within cells, proteins often form distinct pools with different functions and properties. However, in quantitative proteomics studies it is common to measure averaged values for proteins that do not reflect variations that may occur between different protein isoforms, different subcellular compartments, or in cells at different cell cycle stages and so on. Read More
J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 11;233:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Waterway Ecosystem Research Group, School of Ecosystem and Forest Science, The University of Melbourne, Burnley, Victoria, 3121, Australia.
The potential for catchment-scale stormwater control measures (SCMs) to mitigate the impact of stormwater runoff issues and excess stormwater volume is increasingly recognised. There is, however, limited understanding about their potential in reducing in-channel disturbance and improving hydraulic conditions for stream ecosystem benefits. This study investigates the benefits that SCM application in a catchment have on in-stream hydraulics. Read More
J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2018 Dec 1;44:86-93. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:
There is no consensus on the most appropriate method for normalizing an individual's electromyography (EMG) signals from walking, cycling and running in the same data collection. The aim of this study was to compare how the magnitude and repeatability of normalization values differ from three normalization methods and to compare their scaling effect in three moderate intensity activities. Three rounds of maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs), sprint cycling and sprint running were performed to obtain normalization values for each method. Read More
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 11;170:383-390. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Faculty of Life Science and Technology, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Yunnan Province 650500, China. Electronic address:
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have already proven their efficacy in the disposal of a wide array of environmental contaminants in recent years. However, the difficulties in dispersibility and agglomeration of MNPs arising from its own physical and chemical properties limit its large-scale application. Herein, we fabricated the carbon dots/fatty acid-coated MNPs (CDs/C-FeO) through a facile and simple method. Read More
Pharmacol Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
JAK/STAT transduction pathway is a highly conserved pathway implicated in regulating cellular proliferation, differentiation, survival and apoptosis. Dysregulation of this pathway is involved in the onset of autoimmune, haematological, oncological, metabolic and neurological diseases. Over the last few years, the research of anti-neuroinflammatory agents has gained considerable attention. Read More
Clin Chim Acta 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Unit of Genomic for the Diagnosis of Human Pathologies, Division of Genetics and Cell Biology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via Olgettina 60, Milan 20132, Italy; Laboratory of Clinical Molecular Biology, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy; Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milano, Italy.
A major effort has been focused on the detection of oncogenes' mutations in diverse types of clinical specimens including formalin-fixed and paraffin embedded tissues, presently the gold-standard samples, up to plasma, that constitute a noninvasive alternative source of tumor DNA. The reliable detection of mutations in circulating tumor DNA requires a high analytical sensitivity. Here, we applied three different highly sensitive methodologies (COLD-PCR, a microarray-based approach and the droplet digital PCR, ddPCR) to identify mutations in the plasma of 30 metastatic colorectal cancer patients previously genotyped on tissue biopsy. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 5;657:558-567. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Forschungsinstitut für Biologischen Landbau (FiBL), Department of International Cooperation, Ackerstrasse 113, Postfach 219, 5070 Frick, Switzerland.
Farmers expect yield reduction of cash crops like cocoa when growing in agroforestry systems compared to monocultures, due to competition for resources, e.g. nutrients and water. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 5;657:509-516. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100022, China. Electronic address:
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) remains an increasing public health concern. The spatiotemporal variation of HFMD can be represented from multiple-perspectives, and it may be driven by different dominant factors. In this study, the HFMD cases in children under the age of five years in each county in Henan province, China, from 2009 to 2013 were assessed to explore the integrative spatiotemporal patterns of HFMD and investigate their driving factors. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 29;657:466-475. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, 1 Linghai Road, Dalian 116026, Liaoning, China. Electronic address:
Wastewater-based epidemiology combining with a population model based on hydrochemical parameters was applied in 10 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Jilin province, China. Population of WWTPs served was calculated by the model including three hydrochemical parameters ammonia nitrogen, chemical oxygen demand, and total phosphorus. The population model was constructed by using analytic hierarchy process to calculate weight factors of each hydrochemical parameters equivalent population. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 4;657:379-390. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, Via del Borghetto 80, Pisa 56124, Italy; CIRSEC, Centre for Climatic Change Impact, University of Pisa, Via del Borghetto 80, Pisa 56124, Italy.
There is a lack of knowledge about the possibility that plants facing abiotic stressors, such as drought, have an altered perception of a pulse of O and incur in alterations of their signalling network. This poses some concerns as to whether defensive strategy to cope episodic O peaks in healthy plants may fail under stress. In this study, a set of saplings of two Mediterranean deciduous species, Quercus cerris and Q. Read More
Appetite 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, 403 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.
Due to the decrease in fluid milk consumption as a beverage in the United States, the importance for dairy industry stakeholders to understand attribute preferences for consumer segments has increased. This paper uses a representative sample of U.S. Read More
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion, RAS, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation; Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk 630090, Russian Federation. Electronic address:
The antimicrobial action of peptides in bacterial membranes is commonly related to their mode of self-assembling which results in pore formation. To optimize peptide antibiotic use for therapeutic purposes, a study on the concentration dependence of self-assembling process is thus desirable. In this work, we investigate this dependence for peptaibol trichogin GA IV (Tric) in the 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) model membrane in the range of peptide concentrations between 0. Read More
Neurosci Lett 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
The Ohio State University, United States. Electronic address:
In this research, the concept of fractality based on nonlinear science and chaos theory is explored to study and evaluate the complexity of speech-evoked auditory brainstem response (s-ABR) time series in order to capture its intrinsic multiscale dynamics. The visibility graph of the s-ABR series is proposed as a quantitative method to differentiate subjects with persistent developmental stuttering (PDS) from the normal group. Differential complexities between normal and PDS subjects is quantified using Graph index complexity (GIC). Read More
J Theor Biol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Mathematics & Statistics, York University, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada.
This paper proposes a model of West Nile Virus (WNV) including threshold control policies concerning the culling of mosquitoes and birds under different conditions. Two thresholds are introduced to estimate whether and which control strategy should be implemented. For each mosquito threshold level [Formula: see text] the dynamical behaviour of the proposed non-smooth system is investigated as the bird threshold level [Formula: see text] varies, focusing on the existence of sliding domains, the existence of pseudo-equilibria, real or virtual of the endemic equilibria, global stability of these steady states, and the most interesting case of the occurrence of a novel globally asymptotically stable pseudo-attractor. Read More
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Center for Brain Injury & Repair, Department of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Center for Neurotrauma, Neurodegeneration & Restoration, Corporal Michael J. Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Department of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address:
Following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), many patients experience coma - an unresponsive state lacking wakefulness or awareness. Coma rarely lasts more than two weeks, and emergence involves passing through a state of wakefulness without awareness of self or environment. Patients that linger in these Disorders of Consciousness (DoC) undergo clinical assessments of awareness for diagnosis into Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (no awareness, also called vegetative state) or Minimally Conscious State (periodic increases in awareness). Read More
Heart Rhythm 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
Background: Stroke risk stratification scores (e.g., CHADS-VASc) are used to tailor therapeutic recommendations for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in different risk groups. Read More
Genomics 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
College of Mathematics and Physics, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China; Artificial Intelligence and Biomedical Big Data Research Center, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China; School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China. Electronic address:
The identification of drug-target interactions has great significance for pharmaceutical scientific research. Since traditional experimental methods identifying drug-target interactions is costly and time-consuming, the use of machine learning methods to predict potential drug-target interactions has attracted widespread attention. This paper presents a novel drug-target interactions prediction method called LRF-DTIs. Read More
Nanomedicine 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA. Electronic address:
Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy. Lack of early diagnostic markers makes timely detection of pancreatic cancer a highly challenging endeavor. Exosomes have emerged as information-rich cancer specific biomarkers. Read More
J Invertebr Pathol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Institute for Biological Control, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Julius Kühn Institute, Heinrichstraße 243, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany. Electronic address:
An antagonistic effect of a microsporidium (Nosema sp.) infection on the virulence of Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus (PhopGV) was recorded in potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) larvae with mixed infections. When the P. Read More
Math Biosci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto.
In this work, a mathematical model was developed to simulate the urinary concentration mechanism. A 3-D geometry was derived based on the detail physiological pictures of rat kidney. The approximate region of each tubule was obtained from the volume distribution of structures based on Walter Pfaller's monograph and Layton's region-based model. Read More
Anal Biochem 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
The Key Laboratory of Bioactive Materials Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Nankai University, Weijin Road No.94, Tianjin, 300071, China. Electronic address:
In this work, a novel enzyme-mimicking nanocomposite of Mn(II)-poly-L-histidine (PLH) functionalized carboxylated multi walled carbon nanotubes (CMWCNTs) was designed and synthesized. Based on the catalase-like activity of the nanocomposite, a non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) biosensor was then established and explored for H2O2 electrochemical detection. The nanocomposite was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectra, Raman spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Read More
Psychol Rep 2018 Dec 14:33294118816945. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.
In the past three decades, researchers have examined counterfactual thinking and causation in decision making. However, little work has applied these findings to trial settings. The present research examined two conflicting theories regarding counterfactual thinking and causation to elaborate on earlier work examining counterfactual thinking in negligence law cases. Read More
J Appl Clin Med Phys 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.
Purpose: For prone breast treatment, daily image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) allows couch shifting to correct breast position relative to the treatment field. This work investigates the dosimetric effect of reducing kV imaging frequencies and the feasibility of optimizing the frequency using patient anatomy or their first 3-day shifts.
Method: Thirty-seven prone breast patients who had been treated with skin marker alignment followed by daily kV were retrospectively analyzed. Read More
Ecol Appl 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.
Instantaneous implementation of systematic conservation plans at regional scales is rare. More typically, planned actions are applied incrementally over periods of years or decades. During protracted implementation, the character of the connected ecological system will change as a function of external anthropogenic pressures, local metapopulation processes, and environmental fluctuations. Read More
Obes Rev 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
The Staffordshire Centre for Psychological Research and Centre for Health Psychology, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.
Childhood obesity is a global health concern, which has both short- and long-term health consequences for the individual, and is a potential burden on health care services and the wider economy. The school environment is a setting where changes can be applied to dietary behaviours, as schools have direct and intensive contact with children. This systematic review evaluated school-based interventions designed to improve dietary behaviours among adolescents (11- to 16-year-olds). Read More
IUBMB Life 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Applied Tumor Biology, Institute of Pathology, Medical School of the Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, Germany.
Emerging evidence on efficient tumor growth regulation by endogenous lectins directs interest to determine on a proof-of-principle level the range of information on alterations provided by full-scale analysis using phosphoproteomics. In our pilot study, we tested galectin-4 (gal-4) that is a growth inhibitor for colon cancer cells (CRC), here working with the LS 180 line. In order to cover monitoring of short- and long-term effects stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture-based quantitative phosphoproteomic analyses were conducted on LS 180 cell preparations collected 1 and 72 h after adding gal-4 to the culture medium. Read More
J Vis 2018 Dec;18(13)
German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (DSGZ), University Hospital of Munich, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany.
To estimate object speed with respect to the self, retinal signals must be summed with extraretinal signals that encode the speed of eye and head movement. Prior work has shown that differences in perceptual estimates of object speed based on retinal and oculomotor signals lead to biased percepts such as the Aubert-Fleischl phenomenon (AF), in which moving targets appear slower when pursued. During whole-body movement, additional extraretinal signals, such as those from the vestibular system, may be used to transform object speed estimates from a head-centered to a world-centered reference frame. Read More
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5904-5911
The Gill Center for Biomolecular Science and the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States.
Purpose: It has been known for nearly 50 years that cannabis and the psychoactive constituent Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) reduce intraocular pressure (IOP). Elevated IOP remains the chief hallmark and therapeutic target for glaucoma, a major cause of blindness. THC likely acts via one of the known cannabinoid-related receptors (CB1, CB2, GPR18, GPR119, GPR55) but this has never been determined explicitly. Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0207717. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States of America.
We determined the number of permits for oil and gas activities in 14 coastal Louisiana parishes from 1900 to 2017, compared them to land loss on this coast, and estimated their restoration potential. A total of 76,247 oil and gas recovery wells were permitted, of which 35,163 (46%) were on land (as of 2010) and 27,483 of which are officially abandoned. There is a direct spatial and temporal relationship between the number of these permits and land loss, attributable to the above and belowground changes in hydrology resulting from the dredged material levees placed parallel to the canal (spoil banks). Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 14;12(12):e0006941. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.
Background: Intervention guidelines against Schistosoma mansoni are based on the Kato-Katz technique. However, Kato-Katz thick smears show low sensitivity, especially for light-intensity infections. The point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen (POC-CCA) is a promising rapid diagnostic test detecting antigen output of living worms in urine and results are reported as trace, 1+, 2+, and 3+. Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208010. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Canberra, Australia.
Trichodesmium, a filamentous bloom-forming marine cyanobacterium, plays a key role in the biogeochemistry of oligotrophic ocean regions because of the ability to fix nitrogen. Naturally occurring in the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), the contribution of Trichodesmium to the nutrient budget may be of the same order as that entering the system via catchment runoff. However, the cyclicity of Trichodesmium in the GBR is poorly understood and sparsely documented because of the lack of sufficient observations. Read More
PLoS Biol 2018 Dec 14;16(12):e2006649. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Cell-surface transferrin receptor (CD71+) erythroid cells are abundant in newborns with immunomodulatory properties. Here, we show that neonatal CD71+ erythroid cells express significant levels of V-domain Immunoglobulin (Ig) Suppressor of T Cell Activation (VISTA) and, via constitutive production of transforming growth factor (TGF)- β, play a pivotal role in promotion of naïve CD4+ T cells into regulatory T cells (Tregs). Interestingly, we discovered that CD71+VISTA+ erythroid cells produce significantly higher levels of TGF-β compared to CD71+VISTA- erythroid cells and CD71+ erythroid cells from the VISTA knock-out (KO) mice. Read More