5,640 results match your criteria Appetite[Journal]


Dietary practices among Arabic-speaking immigrants and refugees in Western societies: A scoping review.

Appetite 2020 May 28:104753. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences, McMaster University, CNH 527, Hamilton, L8S 4L9, Ontario, Canada.

Sub-standard nutrition is a leading risk factor for many non-communicable diseases and causes 11 million diet-related deaths annually worldwide. Arabic-speaking immigrants and refugees (ASIR) are at high risk for poor nutrition due to socio-cultural and economic-ecological factors. We reviewed the literature to explore the impact of acculturation on ASIR's dietary practices and to investigate barriers vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104753DOI Listing

Exploring barriers to meeting recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake among adults in regional areas: A mixed-methods analysis of variations across socio-demographics.

Appetite 2020 May 24:104750. Epub 2020 May 24.

Deakin University, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Geelong, Australia, 3220. Electronic address:

Fruit and vegetable consumption is low compared to recommendations worldwide. Few studies have investigated intakes of fruit and vegetables and barriers to meeting recommendations in a mixed-method design. Moreover, there is a need to better understand differences in these barriers by population subgroups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104750DOI Listing

Situated food safety behavior.

Appetite 2020 May 23:104751. Epub 2020 May 23.

NMBU, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway; University of Zürich, Switzerland.

Previous studies indicate that many consumers eat rare hamburgers and that information about microbiological hazards related to undercooked meat does not necessarily lead to changed behavior. With this study we aim to investigate whether consumers' willingness to eat hamburgers, both risky and safe, depends on the situation where they are confronted with the food. A representative sample of 1046 Norwegian consumers participated in a web experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104751DOI Listing

Racial differences in overeating, loss of control eating, and binge eating: Extending core tenets of the Cognitive Behavioral Theory of Eating Disorders.

Appetite 2020 May 23:104747. Epub 2020 May 23.

The Virginia Consortium Program in Clinical Psychology, 555 Park Avenue, Norfolk, VA, 23504, USA; Old Dominion University, 250 Mills Godwin Building, Norfolk, VA, 23529, USA.

Purpose: The present study examined racial differences in associations among body dissatisfaction, body checking, and dietary restraint relative to overeating, loss of control eating, and binge eating outcomes among college women.

Method: Young adult women (N = 903) at three Mid-Atlantic US institutions completed measures assessing negative body image and eating pathology via an online survey. Structural equation modeling was used to test a model examining associations among body dissatisfaction, body checking, dietary restraint, and disinhibited eating behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104747DOI Listing

Optimizing sensory quality and variety: An effective strategy for increasing meal enjoyment and food intake in older nursing home residents.

Appetite 2020 May 22:104749. Epub 2020 May 22.

Groupe ESA, UPSP GRAPPE, SFR QUASAV 4207, F-49000, Angers, France. Electronic address:

A decline in appetite and consequently in food intake is often observed with ageing, particularly in older adults living in nursing homes. Several strategies have been tested in nursing homes to counter this phenomenon. However, the approaches have rarely focused on food improvement, and most studies have assessed the impact of flavor enhancement on eating behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104749DOI Listing

Changes in parental feeding practices and preschoolers' food habits following a randomized controlled childhood obesity trial.

Appetite 2020 May 21:104746. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Food Studies, Nutrition and Dietetics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Childhood obesity treatment involving parents is most effective during the preschool age. However, the mechanisms of change are not known. The present study reports on secondary outcomes (changes in parental feeding practices and child food habits) of early obesity treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104746DOI Listing

Validation of a Virtual Reality Buffet environment to assess food selection processes among emerging adults.

Appetite 2020 May 20;153:104741. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Information Systems, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD, 21250, USA. Electronic address:

Emerging adulthood is a critical developmental period for examining food- and eating-related behaviors as long-term weight-related behavioral patterns are established. Virtual reality (VR) technology is a promising tool for basic and applied research on eating and food-related processes. Thus, the present study tested the validity and user perceptions of a highly immersive and realistic VR food buffet by: (1) comparing participants' food selections made in the VR buffet and a real-world (RW) food buffet cafeteria one-week apart, and (2) assessing participants' rated perceptions of their VR experience (0-100 scale). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104741DOI Listing

Associations between sleep duration and dietary quality: Results from a nationally-representative survey of US adults.

Appetite 2020 May 20;153:104748. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Nutritional Science, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Insufficient sleep duration is a recognized determinant of cardiometabolic disease, with poor diet quality as a likely intermediate. Yet, inconsistencies in findings on sleep duration and diet quality among adult populations remain, particularly regarding a potential non-linear relationship. Thus, within a nationally representative survey of US adults (2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey), we evaluated cross-sectional associations between sleep duration and diet quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104748DOI Listing

Sucking behavior in typical and challenging feedings in association with weight gain from birth to 4 Months in full-term infants.

Appetite 2020 May 18;153:104745. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Sucking behavior has been described as an obesity risk marker. Sucking behavior in response to challenge has not been examined as a prospective predictor of infant weight gain. Healthy, full term infants had sucking behavior assessed at ages 2 weeks and/or 2 months via a sucking pressure measurement device in two feeding conditions: during a standard feeding and during a feeding with a more challenging nipple. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104745DOI Listing

The effects of imaginary eating on visual food cue reactivity: An event-related potential study.

Appetite 2020 May 18;153:104743. Epub 2020 May 18.

Clinical Psychology, University of Graz, BioTechMed, Graz, Austria. Electronic address:

Previous research has demonstrated that imagining consumption of a specific type of food helps individuals to consume less of that food. The present event-related potential study aimed at investigating the underlying neural correlates of this appetite-reducing strategy. A total of 86 women (mean age = 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104743DOI Listing

Chronic high-fat diet affects food-motivated behavior and hedonic systems in the nucleus accumbens of male rats.

Appetite 2020 May 18;153:104739. Epub 2020 May 18.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas: Bioquímica/Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Environmental variations can influence eating and motivated behaviors, as well as the brain's feeding circuits to predisposing overweight and obesity. The identification of mechanisms through which a long-term consumption of caloric-dense palatable foods and its association with early life stress can cause neuroadaptations and possible modify motivational behaviors are relevant to elucidate the mechanisms associated with obesity. Here, we investigated the long-term effects of a chronic high-fat diet (HFD), and its interaction with early social isolation on hedonic feeding responses in adult rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104739DOI Listing

"Do you think adolescents' food intake is satisfactory?" - Views of Indian parents and teachers.

Appetite 2020 May 16;153:104740. Epub 2020 May 16.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC, 3125, Australia. Electronic address:

Adolescents develop food habits that affect both their present and future health. Underpinned by the stakeholder theory, this study was designed to explore the perspective of parents and nutrition educators regarding urban Indian adolescents' food habits. Thirty-two educators and 280 parents from five independent, English-speaking, secondary schools in Kolkata, India completed a paper-based instrument consisting of both closed and open-ended measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104740DOI Listing

What can families gain from the family meal? A mixed-papers systematic review.

Appetite 2020 May 16;153:104725. Epub 2020 May 16.

Caring Futures Institute, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

The family meal has been associated with numerous health and wellbeing benefits for both adults and children. However, the majority of the research in this area is correlational, unable to prove a causal relationship between family meals and health and wellbeing outcomes. The objectives of this systematic review were to determine the causal relationship between family meals and health and wellbeing and explore family members' perceptions of the family meal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104725DOI Listing

Food disgust sensitivity influences the perception of food hazards: Results from longitudinal and cross-cultural studies.

Appetite 2020 May 16;153:104742. Epub 2020 May 16.

ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

Two survey studies, one conducted in Switzerland and the other in nine countries, suggest that food disgust sensitivity is a personality variable that influences the perception of food hazards. For a large Swiss sample (N = 2813), we found that participants having higher food disgust sensitivity perceived more risks compared with participants having lower disgust sensitivity. A longitudinal analysis further suggests that changes in the participants' disgust sensitivity result in changes in the perception of food hazards. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104742DOI Listing

Development of a measure of the relative reinforcing value of food versus parent-child interaction for young children.

Appetite 2020 May 14;153:104731. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, USA; Center for Ingestive Behavior Research, University at Buffalo, USA. Electronic address:

The relative reinforcing value (RRV) of food captures individual differences in the motivation to eat and is associated with weight status among infants, children, and adults. Currently, there is no concurrent measure of the RRV of food versus a non-food alternative for 4-to-5-year-old children. The present study aimed to develop and validate a measure of the RRV of food versus time spent interacting with a parent in the context of reading among 4-to-5-year-old children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104731DOI Listing

The meaning of meat: (Un)sustainable eating practices at home and out of home.

Appetite 2020 May 14:104730. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Geography, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Luisenstrasse 37, D-80333 Munich, Germany.

Many sociological accounts of life in the 21st century include reflections on the dissolution of distinctions between the public and private sphere, aided by social media and information technology. In this paper, we argue that everyday practices around the consumption of food continue to display strong home/out-of-home divisions, especially regarding the consumption of meat and its deeply rooted social meanings. Using data from a German online survey on food preparation and consumption practices, we report and critically examine empirical evidence of significant differences between public and private food consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104730DOI Listing

The effect of presenting relative calorie information on calories ordered.

Appetite 2020 May 7;153:104727. Epub 2020 May 7.

USDA Economic Research Service, Food Economic Division, Washington, D.C, USA. Electronic address:

In this research, we tested the effect of a novel method of presenting calorie information-highlighting relative differences in calories among ingredients. We conducted an online hypothetical food choice experiment where 633 participants selected the ingredients for a sandwich from five categories: meat/protein, cheese, spread/dressing, bread, and vegetables. Each participant was randomly assigned to one of four calorie information conditions: 1) a condition in which no information about calories was provided, 2) a condition in which calorie information was provided for each ingredient, 3) a condition in which calorie information was presented relative to the highest calorie item, and 4) a condition in which calorie information was presented relative to the lowest calorie item. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104727DOI Listing

Multi-method evidence for a dual-pathway perspective of self-regulation in loss of control over eating among adolescents.

Appetite 2020 May 6;153:104729. Epub 2020 May 6.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA, 5001, Australia.

Objective: Dual-pathway models propose that loss of control over eating (LOC) is the result of an imbalance between weaker regulatory and stronger reactive processes. However, these processes are generally captured with only one assessment method, leading to mixed findings. Additionally, it is unclear whether regulatory difficulties are generic or food-specific. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104729DOI Listing

How would you define healthy food? Social representations of Brazilian, French and Spanish dietitians and young laywomen.

Appetite 2020 May 5;153:104728. Epub 2020 May 5.

Food Observatory (University of Barcelona), Campus de l'Alimentació de Torribera Universitat de Barcelona, Ed. Verdaguer. C/ Prat de la Riba, 171, 08921 Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Spain; Department of Social Anthropology (University of Barcelona), Carrer Montalegre, 6, 08001, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

The perception that food affects our health has increased over the past fifty years in industrialised Western countries. The notion of "healthy food" has become ubiquitous in medical, political, and media discourse as well as in the discourses of the lay population. This study seeks to understand the social representations of "healthy food" of Brazilian, Spanish and French dietitians and young laywomen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104728DOI Listing

Corrigendum to 'Negative and positive emotional eating uniquely interact with ease of activation, intensity, and duration of emotional reactivity to predict increased binge eating'. [Appetite, 151 (2020) 1-10/104688].

Appetite 2020 May 6:104724. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Psychology Building 223, 822 East Merry Avenue, Bowling Green, OH, 43403, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104724DOI Listing

Mothers' feeding profiles among overweight, normal weight and underweight Chinese preschoolers.

Appetite 2020 May 1;152:104726. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Educational and Psychological Studies, College of Education, University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Ave., Tampa, FL, 33620, USA. Electronic address:

We adopted a person-centered approach to identify maternal feeding profiles among urban Chinese mothers of preschoolers, including two previously unexamined culturally-emphasized practices, and examine the associations between these feeding profiles and child and parent characteristics. Participants included 167 mothers and their preschoolers residing in Shanghai, China. Mothers reported on their feeding beliefs and practices, perceptions of child's body shapes, child dietary intake, and family demographic information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104726DOI Listing

Anticipation of 24 h severe energy restriction increases energy intake and reduces physical activity energy expenditure in the prior 24 h, in healthy males.

Appetite 2020 Apr 26;152:104719. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK. Electronic address:

Intermittent fasting involves alternating between severely restricted and unrestricted energy intake. Physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) is reduced during, and energy intake is elevated after, a period of energy restriction, but whether these are altered in anticipation of energy restriction is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess energy intake and PAEE in the 24 h before severe energy restriction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104719DOI Listing

Food-based social comparisons influence liking and consumption.

Appetite 2020 Apr 26;151:104720. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada.

This study examined the effects of food-based social comparisons on hedonic ratings and consumption of a meal. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions in which they were led to believe that they got a worse meal, a better meal, or the same meal as another participant. They then tasted and rated their own meal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104720DOI Listing

The snack that has it all: People's associations with ideal snacks.

Appetite 2020 Apr 25;152:104722. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Department of Social, Health and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, the Netherlands.

Although many people intend to eat healthily, their actual snacking behavior is often marked by a high consumption of calorie-dense, unhealthy snacks. One reason for this discrepancy may be that people tend to associate unhealthy food with tasty food, preventing them to follow up on their healthy snacking goals. To support people in snacking more healthily according to their intentions, there is an urgent need to better understand how people perceive the 'ideal snack', which may eventually be used to make healthy snacks more attractive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104722DOI Listing

Fish as an alternative protein - A consumer-oriented perspective on its role in a transition towards more healthy and sustainable diets.

Appetite 2020 Apr 25;152:104721. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Fish has several benefits that make it a desirable part of a healthy diet. It is also a high-protein product that can be used as a relatively efficient meat replacer. Both from a health and sustainability perspective, however, it is important to consider the optimum number of fish servings per week and to examine whether fish and plant protein can be brought under the same heading of alternative protein sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104721DOI Listing

Foraging minds in modern environments: High-calorie and savory-taste biases in human food spatial memory.

Appetite 2020 Apr 22;152:104718. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Wageningen University & Research, Sensory Science & Eating Behavior - Division of Human Nutrition & Health, P.O. Box 17, 6700, AA Wageningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Human memory may show sensitivity to content that carried fitness-relevance throughout evolutionary history. We investigated whether biases in human food spatial memory exist and influence the eating behavior of individuals within the modern food environment. In two lab studies with distinct samples of 88 participants, individuals had to re-locate foods on a map in a computer-based spatial memory task using visual (Study 1) or olfactory (Study 2) cues that signaled sweet and savory high- and low-calorie foods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104718DOI Listing

We are what we (think we) eat: The effect of expected satiety on subsequent calorie consumption.

Appetite 2020 Apr 21;152:104717. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

University of Aberdeen, Health Psychology, Health Sciences Building, Foresterhill Campus, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Varying expected satiety (ES) for equi-calorie portions of different foods can affect subsequent feelings of hunger and fullness and alter consumption. To our knowledge, no study has manipulated ES for an equal portion of the same solid food, subsequent appetite has not been measured >3 h and studies have not consistently measured later consumption. Further, it is not clear whether any changes in hunger, fullness or later consumption that stem from differing ES are the result of a psychological or physiological response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104717DOI Listing

Corrigendum to "Sociodemographic determinants of healthy behaviors among Brazilian adolescents: Trends in physical activity and food consumption 2009-2015" [Appetite 144 (1 January 2020) 104454].

Appetite 2020 Apr 20:104716. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Arlindo Béttio 1000, São Paulo, 03828-000, São Paulo, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104716DOI Listing

Associations of parental feeding practices and food reward responsiveness with adolescent stress-eating.

Appetite 2020 Apr 18;152:104715. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Human Development & Family Studies, Colorado State University, 1570 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO, 80523, United States; Colorado School of Public Health, 1612 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO, 80523, United States. Electronic address:

Rates of adolescent obesity have continued to rise over the past decade. As adolescence is an important time for developing eating habits that endure into adulthood, more information is needed about the potentially modifiable family- and individual-level factors that influence the development of common overeating behaviors such as stress-eating during adolescence. In this study, we conducted secondary data analyses to evaluate how parental feeding practices and adolescents' food reward responsiveness related to adolescents' stress-eating during a laboratory test meal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104715DOI Listing

Nudging while online grocery shopping: A randomized feasibility trial to enhance nutrition in individuals with food insecurity.

Appetite 2020 Apr 15;152:104714. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, USA.

Food insecurity, the inability to acquire adequate food due to insufficient resources for food, is associated with an increased risk for obesity and associated health problems. This study assessed the feasibility and initial efficacy of a prefilled online grocery shopping cart (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104714DOI Listing

A broad-spectrum review on multimodal neuroimaging in bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder.

Appetite 2020 Apr 14;151:104712. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

IRCCS SDN, Naples, Italy.

Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) are psychiatric conditions marked by emotional disorders managed through the ingestion of great amount of food, with consequent vomiting for avoiding weight gain. Such behavioral habits are dysfunctional and severely impact both psychological and physical health, also compromising neurobiological processes. In the present review, we focus on recent neuroimaging findings (2010-2019) that provide insight into the neural bases of BN and BED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104712DOI Listing

Modification of food preferences by posthypnotic suggestions: An event-related brain potential study.

Appetite 2020 Apr 14;151:104713. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Humboldt-Universität zu, Germany.

The preference for high-over low-calorie food and difficulties in inhibiting the desire for high-calorie food are important factors involved in unhealthy food choices. Here, we explored posthypnotic suggestions (PHS), aiming to increase the desire for vegetables and fruits, as a possible new tool to induce a preference for low-calorie food. Following the termination of hypnosis, PHS was activated and deactivated in counterbalanced order, while event-related brain-potentials were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104713DOI Listing

A systematic review and meta-analysis of attentional bias toward food in individuals with overweight and obesity.

Appetite 2020 Apr 13;151:104710. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.

Attentional bias to food stimuli may contribute to the etiology and/or maintenance of overweight and obesity. We conducted a literature review and meta-analysis per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines to identify the effect size associated with attentional bias to palatable food in persons with overweight/obesity across the age spectrum. Included studies measured attentional bias to food stimuli using two reaction-time tasks (dot-probe, emotional Stroop), eye-tracking methodology, and/or event-related potentials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104710DOI Listing

Caloric compensation and appetite control in children of different weight status and predisposition to obesity.

Appetite 2020 Apr 11;151:104701. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

To prevent childhood obesity it is critical to identify behavioral phenotypes for overeating, especially among children who are predisposed to obesity. We examined caloric compensation and appetite control in 212 normal-weight (NW) and obese (OB) children, ages 7 to 9, who were at high risk (HR) or low risk (LR) for obesity based on maternal obesity. In a within-subjects crossover design, children ate breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks in the laboratory once a week for two weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104701DOI Listing

Changing food preferences among a former hunter-gatherer group in Namibia.

Appetite 2020 Apr 10;151:104709. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Development Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Yliopistonkatu 4, 00100, Finland. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to identify, describe and conceptualize the present drivers of food choices and preferences of the Khwe San indigenous peoples by considering influences of their historical and cultural contexts. Data were collected in Eastern Bwabwata National Park in Namibia using a range of qualitative methods: semi-structured and structured interviews and free listing. The various drivers of food choices have been clustered into four levels of the ecological conceptual framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104709DOI Listing

Emotional eating in patients attending a specialist obesity treatment service.

Appetite 2020 Apr 10;151:104708. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Department of Medicine (Austin), University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Dept of Endocrinology, Austin Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: The prevalence of emotional eating (EE) has increased in the general population over past decades. There is limited information on how common EE is among people seeking obesity treatment. We aimed to estimate the proportion of people with EE, and strength of associations between a predefined set of factors and EE in people referred for obesity treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104708DOI Listing
April 2020
2.691 Impact Factor

Mediators of intervention effects on dietary fat intake in low-income overweight or obese women with young children.

Appetite 2020 Apr 10;151:104700. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Michigan State University College of Nursing, 1355 Bogue St, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: We investigated whether autonomous motivation and self-efficacy might mediate the association between a lifestyle behavior intervention and dietary fat intake in low-income overweight or obese women with young children.

Methods: Participants were randomized to an intervention or comparison group. Intervention participants received a 16-week intervention aimed to prevent weight gain through promotion of stress management, healthy eating and physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104700DOI Listing
April 2020
2.691 Impact Factor

Food cravings: Associations with dietary intake and metabolic health.

Appetite 2020 Apr 10;152:104711. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington St Boston, MA, 02111, United States. Electronic address:

Food cravings are a desire for specific foods which, if uncontrolled may lead to excess energy intake and weight gain. However, information on the relation between food cravings, dietary intake, and indices of metabolic health is limited. This study used baseline data from females (n = 229; aged 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104711DOI Listing

Momentary changes in heart rate variability can detect risk for emotional eating episodes.

Appetite 2020 Apr 9;152:104698. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Stratton Hall, 3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Emotion dysregulation is a known risk factor for a variety of maladaptive eating behaviors, including emotional eating (Crockett, Myhre, & Rokke, 2015; Lavender et al., 2015). New passive sensing technologies offer the prospect of detecting emotion dysregulation in real-time through measurement of heart rate variability (HRV), a transdiagnostic bio-signal of emotion regulation, which may in turn signal risk of engaging in a maladaptive eating behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104698DOI Listing

The (bitter) sweet taste of nudge effectiveness: The role of habits in a portion size nudge, a proof of concept study.

Appetite 2020 Apr 8;151:104699. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Utrecht University, Social Health and Organizational Psychology, 3508 TC, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Seemingly insignificant daily practices, such as sugar usage in tea, can have a great accumulated impact on societal issues, such as obesity. That is why these behaviours are often the target of nudge interventions. However, when these behaviours are performed frequently they may turn into habits that are difficult to change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104699DOI Listing

Optimal defaults as a strategy to improve selections from Children's Menus in full-service theme park dining.

Appetite 2020 Apr 8:104697. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Nutritional Sciences/Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, 321 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.

An "optimal default" refers to a pre-selected default option that promotes an outcome intended to be favorable to the individual and/or society at large. Optimal defaults preserve the decision-maker's ability to opt-out of the default and choose an alternative option. This behavioral economics strategy has been shown to nudge both child and adult consumers toward healthier food selections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104697DOI Listing

A high perceptual load task reduces thoughts about chocolate, even while hungry.

Appetite 2020 Apr 5;151:104694. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, BN1 9QH, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Intrusive thoughts about food can trigger cravings and result in unhealthy eating behaviour. Here we tested whether Load Theory of attention can be applied to the eating behaviour literature and reduce intrusive appetitive-related thoughts. Load Theory predicts that high levels of perceptual load in a task exhaust attentional capacity and so reduces interference from a range of stimuli, including intrusive thoughts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104694DOI Listing

Cultural values and ethnic identity are important considerations in the link between emotion dysregulation and loss of control eating in Asian/Asian American men.

Appetite 2020 Apr 5;151:104693. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Counseling Psychology and Human Services, University of Oregon, USA; The Prevention Science Institute, University of Oregon, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Preliminary data suggest that Asian/Asian American report among the highest rates of loss of control (LOC) eating, yet the psychosocial and sociocultural correlates of LOC eating are currently understudied. The present study sought to examine the link between emotion dysregulation and LOC eating in Asian/Asian American men. Adherence to traditional Asian cultural values and ethnic identity were evaluated as potential moderators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104693DOI Listing

Temperament profiles are associated with dietary behavior from childhood to adulthood.

Appetite 2020 Apr 3;151:104681. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland; Research Centre for Child Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Finland. Electronic address:

Background And Objectives: Temperament may be associated with eating behaviors over the lifespan. This study examined the association of toddlerhood temperament with dietary behavior and dietary intervention outcomes across 18 years.

Methods: The study comprised 660 children (52% boys) from The Special Turku Intervention Project (STRIP), which is a longitudinal randomized controlled trial from the age of 7 months until the age of 20 years (1990-2010). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104681DOI Listing

Processed food consumption is associated with diet quality, but not weight status, in a sample of low-income and ethnically diverse elementary school children.

Appetite 2020 Apr 3;151:104696. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, The Miriam Hospital/Brown University Alpert Medical School, United States.

Excess consumption of highly processed foods may be associated with lower diet quality and obesity prevalence, but few studies have examined these relationships in children from low-income households. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between food consumption by processing category, diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of low-income children. Data from a study assessing the impact of Summer Food Service participation on diet quality and weight status (N = 131) was used to conduct a cross-sectional analysis of children aged six to twelve years from low-income communities in the Northeastern U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104696DOI Listing

Food waste concerns, eating behaviour and body weight.

Appetite 2020 Apr 3;151:104692. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Health & Society, University of Liverpool, L69 7ZA, UK. Electronic address:

Consumer food waste is now a significant social issue. However, given that the modern day food environment has become characterised by larger portion sizes of more energy-dense foods, personal concerns about wasting food may result in eating behaviours that promote excess energy intake and weight gain. Across 3 studies, we developed a brief (5-item) measure to quantify concerns about food waste and examined the relationships between food waste concerns, eating behaviour and body weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104692DOI Listing

Body-related discrimination and dieting and substance use behaviors in adolescence.

Appetite 2020 Apr 2;151:104689. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Florida State University College of Medicine, USA.

Unfair treatment on the basis of a physical characteristic, such as body weight, is associated with unhealthy dieting behaviors in adolescence and adulthood and has also been implicated in substance use. Peer victimization is likewise associated with these health-risk behaviors. It is unclear, however, whether body discrimination is associated with these behaviors independent of peer victimization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104689DOI Listing

Social norm nudges in shopping trolleys to promote vegetable purchases: A quasi-experimental study in a supermarket in a deprived urban area in the Netherlands.

Appetite 2020 Apr 2;151:104655. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Supermarkets are a key point of purchase for groceries and can therefore have a considerable influence on eating behaviours. Evidence suggests that descriptive social norm nudges in shopping trolleys can be effective in stimulating vegetable purchases in supermarkets.

Objective: We investigated the effect of a combination of two nudging strategies in shopping trolleys - a social norm about vegetable purchases and a designated place to put vegetables - on the amount of vegetables purchased in a supermarket in a deprived urban area in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104655DOI Listing

Analysis of differences in eating alone attitude of Koreans by dietary habits and age.

Appetite 2020 Apr 1;152:104695. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Global Tourism Management, Shinhan University, South Korea.

This study compares differences in eating alone attitude according to dietary habits and age in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do region in South Korea. Out of total 411 participants, 207(50.4%) were males and 204(49. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104695DOI Listing

Teaching people to eat according to appetite - Does the method of glucose measurement matter?

Appetite 2020 Apr 1;151:104691. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Background: Hunger training teaches people to eat according to their appetite using pre-prandial glucose measurement. Previous hunger training interventions used fingerprick blood glucose, however continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) offers a painless and convenient form of glucose monitoring. The aim of this randomised feasibility trial was to compare hunger training using CGM with fingerprick glucose monitoring in terms of adherence to the protocol, acceptability, weight, body composition, HbA1c, psychosocial variables, and the relationship between adherence measures and weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104691DOI Listing