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    Dietary patterns associated with overweight among Brazilian adolescents.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 18. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, University of Sao Paulo, Avenue Dr. Arnaldo 715, Cerqueira Cesar, Sao Paulo, SP 01246-904, Brazil. Electronic address:
    The present study aims to identify the dietary patterns of adolescents and associate these patterns with overweight. We analyzed food-consumption data from 6784 adolescents in the age group 10-18 years old collected in the Household Budget Survey 2008-2009. Dietary patterns were assessed through exploratory factor analysis. Read More

    Comparing the portion size effect in women with and without extended training in portion control: A follow-up to the Portion-Control Strategies Trial.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA. Electronic address:
    Following a 1-year randomized controlled trial that tested how weight loss was influenced by different targeted strategies for managing food portions, we evaluated whether the effect of portion size on intake in a controlled setting was attenuated in trained participants compared to untrained controls. Subjects were 3 groups of women: 39 participants with overweight and obesity from the Portion-Control Strategies Trial, 34 controls with overweight and obesity, and 29 controls with normal weight. In a crossover design, on 4 different occasions subjects were served a meal consisting of 7 foods that differed in energy density (ED). Read More

    A comparative study of American and Chinese college students' motives for food choice.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Department of Psychology, Kennesaw State University, 420 Bartow Avenue, Social Sciences Building, Kennesaw, GA 30144, United States. Electronic address:
    Previous cross-cultural research has examined college students' food choice decisions in different countries. The current study aimed to add to the literature by examining similarities and differences in motives for food choice between American (N = 328) and Chinese (N = 333) college students. The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) was used to measure the participants' motives for food choice. Read More

    Eating in the absence of hunger is related to loss-of-control eating, hedonic hunger, and short-term weight gain in normal-weight women.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 10;123:317-324. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Drexel University Department of Psychology, 3141 Chestnut Street, Stratton Hall Suite 119, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.
    Eating beyond physiological need contributes to obesity onset. Measuring this behavior could help identify those at risk for weight gain. This study measured eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) and its relationship with weight change and self-report measures related to appetite and eating behavior. Read More

    Assessment of test-retest reliability of a food choice task among healthy individuals.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Division of Clinical Therapeutics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.
    Aberrations in eating patterns constitute a substantial public health burden. Computer-based paradigms that measure responses to images of foods are potentially useful tools for assessing food attitudes and characteristics of eating behavior. In particular, food choice tasks attempt to directly probe aspects of individuals' decisions about what to eat. Read More

    Picky eating, pressuring feeding, and growth in toddlers.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 11;123:299-305. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
    Several common theoretical frameworks have posited causal pathways between picky eating, pressuring feeding, and growth in early childhood. The evidence to support these pathways is limited. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between mother-reported pressuring feeding, mother-reported child picky eating, and measured weight-for-length z-score (WLZ) across child ages 21, 27, and 33 months (n = 244). Read More

    Choosing a healthy and sustainable diet: A three-level approach for understanding the drivers of the Italians' dietary regime over time.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Department for Innovation in Biological, Agro-food and Forest Systems (DIBAF), University of Tuscia, Via S.C. De Lellis, snc, 01100 Viterbo, Italy. Electronic address:
    Dietary patterns play key roles in health promotion and in preserving the environment. A growing number of studies show the importance of individual factors on food consumption choices, such as socio-economic status, lifestyle variables and contextual and social factors that characterize the geographical area in which individuals reside. The Mediterranean Diet is a sustainable diet that respects the environment, thus reducing per capita emissions from food production in respect to less sustainable diet. Read More

    A cross-cultural study of acceptability and food pairing for hot sauces.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 8;123:306-316. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
    This study was conducted to understand the acceptance levels of hot sauces among consumers from different culinary cultures. Two newly developed hot sauces [fermented red chili pepper with soybean-paste-based sauce(GS) and fermented red chili-pepper-based sauce(KS)] were compared with Tabasco sauce(TB) and Sriracha sauce(SR). Two separate cross-cultural home-use tests(HUTs) were conducted: pizza and cream soup were provided as food items in HUT 1, whereas grilled chicken wings and rice noodle soup were provided in HUT 2. Read More

    Social influences on adolescents' dietary behavior in Catalonia, Spain: A qualitative multiple-cases study from the perspective of social capital.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 6;123:289-298. Epub 2018 Jan 6.
    Blanquerna School of Health Sciences, Universitat Ramon Llull, Spain. Electronic address:
    Adolescence has been referred to as the last best chance to prevent adult non-communicable diseases. Gaining further evidence on the psychosocial determinants of health behaviors, particularly the impact of peers, social networks and media on diet, is necessary to develop appropriate preventive strategies. Based on a multiple-cases study, our aim was to discuss the social influences on adolescents' dietary behavior from a social capital perspective. Read More

    Knowledge, attitudes and practices of schoolchildren toward whole grains and nutritional outcomes in Malaysia.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 5;123:256-263. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Healthcare Professional, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Management & Science University, Shah Alam, Malaysia.
    Whole grains play an important role in regulating body weight. However, interventions aimed to increase whole grains consumption have had limited impact on body mass index for age z-score (BAZ) due to insufficient understanding of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) toward whole grains. This survey aimed to evaluate whole grains KAP among schoolchildren, as well as to investigate the associations of whole grains KAP with BAZ among the schoolchildren in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Read More

    The impact of chronic stress on the predictors of acute stress-induced eating in women.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Psychology, Rhodes College, USA.
    Chronic stress is associated with palatable food intake and thus, the development of obesity. This may be due to chronic stress disrupting the regulatory effects of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis on stress-induced eating. Thus, the primary objective of the current study was to investigate how chronic stress (CS) and cortisol stress reactivity affect eating behaviors following acute stress. Read More

    Stress and psychological constructs related to eating behavior are associated with anthropometry and body composition in young adults.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Department of Health Policy and Research, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:
    Background: The transition to college is associated with weight gain, but the relation between eating behavior indicators and anthropometric outcomes during this period remains unclear.

    Objective: Evaluate sex differences in stress, emotional eating, tendency to overeat, and restrained eating behavior, and determine whether the psycho-behavioral constructs assessed immediately prior to starting college are associated with anthropometry and adiposity at the start of college, and with first-semester weight gain.

    Methods: A prospective study administered the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), Satter Eating Competence Inventory, and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) to 264 participants one month before college. Read More

    Neutralising the meat paradox: Cognitive dissonance, gender, and eating animals.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 4;123:280-288. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    University of Adelaide, Australia.
    Meat eating is a common behaviour, despite many people claiming to like, love, and care about animals. The apparent disconnection between not wanting animals to suffer, yet killing them for food, has been termed the 'meat paradox.' In this experimental study (N = 460), participants completed pre-affect, post-affect, meat attachment, and attitude towards animals questionnaires, under two conditions: exposure to the life of an Australian meat lamb, and information about the nutritional benefits of meat. Read More

    Self-affirmation improves self-control over snacking among participants low in eating self-efficacy.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 5;123:264-268. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    University of Sussex, United Kingdom.
    Objective: Individuals low in eating self-efficacy are at particular risk of engaging in unhealthy eating behaviours, including the consumption of high calorie snacks. The elevated levels of snacking displayed by these individuals can largely be attributed to their experiencing low self-control over the avoidance of such foods (Hankonen, Kinnunen, Absetz, & Jallinoja, 2014). Interventions are thus required to boost self-control over snacking among those low in eating self-efficacy. Read More

    Computer training of attention and inhibition for youngsters with obesity: A pilot study.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 3. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Zeepreventorium vzw, De Haan, Belgium.
    Obesity is a widespread problem that starts from an early age. Previous studies suggest that obese youngsters have an attentional bias and an automatic approach tendency towards high-calorie food and display difficulties inhibiting impulses, which may result in a higher intake of (high-calorie) food. An interesting idea for improvement of the current obesity treatment is adding a program that enables to train their difficulties. Read More

    Tracking diet variety in childhood and its association with eating behaviours related to appetite: The generation XXI birth cohort.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 4;123:241-248. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    EPIUnit - Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Taipas, nº 135, 4050-600 Porto, Portugal; Departamento de Ciências da Saúde Pública e Forenses, e Educação Médica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal.
    Research on the influence of early eating habits on eating behaviours related to appetite using a prospective approach is scarce, especially in children. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between changes in diet variety from 4 to 7 years of age and appetitive traits measured at 7 years of age. Participants are from the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI (2005-2006). Read More

    Relationship between work-family conflict and unhealthy eating: Does eating style matter?
    Appetite 2017 Dec 30;123:225-232. Epub 2017 Dec 30.
    School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK. Electronic address:
    There is increasing evidence to suggest that work-family conflict is implicated in poor eating patterns. Yet, the underlying mechanism remains unexplored. The objectives of the present study were to demonstrate the interplay between work-family conflict, eating style, and unhealthy eating, and to test whether body mass index (BMI) and its interactions further explicate the relationships. Read More

    Parental feeding practices to manage snack food intake: Associations with energy intake regulation in young children.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 28;123:233-240. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer, Flinders University of South Australia, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, 5001, Australia; La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:
    Background: Little attention has been directed to understanding the relationship between restriction and regulation of snack food intake in toddlers.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of parental restriction of toddlers' eating of snacks in the absence of hunger (EAH) and to examine the impact of three contextual factors; snack food access, frequency of snack food consumption, and attraction to snack food.

    Design: 64 parents and toddlers (aged 22-36 months) took part in a protocol to measure EAH (defined as kJ of energy-dense snack foods consumed). Read More

    If at first you don't succeed: Assessing influences associated with mothers' reoffering of vegetables to preschool age children.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 27;123:249-255. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK. Electronic address:
    Repeatedly offering vegetables has been shown to be one of the most effective methods for increasing acceptance and subsequent intake in young children. In order to increase successful offerings of vegetables and resultant consumption amongst young children, it is necessary to consider the influences on maternal reoffering of vegetables. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between mothers' tendency to reoffer vegetables and a range of demographic factors and psychological variables. Read More

    Familial psychosocial risk classes and preschooler body mass index: The moderating effect of caregiver feeding style.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 26;123:216-224. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, 300 N Ingalls St, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA; Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan Medical School, E Hospital Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.
    Background: Early child weight gain predicts adolescent and adult obesity, underscoring the need to determine early risk factors affecting weight status and how risk factors might be mitigated. Socioeconomic status, food insecurity, caregiver depressive symptomology, single parenthood, and dysfunctional parenting each have been linked to early childhood weight status. However, the associations between these risk factors and children's weight status may be moderated by caregiver feeding styles (CFS). Read More

    The effects of happiness and sadness on Children's snack consumption.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 24;123:169-174. Epub 2017 Dec 24.
    The University of Texas at Dallas, USA.
    Children appear to engage in emotional eating (i.e., eating in response to negative and positive emotions), but existing research has predominantly relied on parent-report and child-report, which may not necessarily reflect children's actual emotional eating behaviors. Read More

    Expected satiation alone does not predict actual intake of desserts.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 24;123:183-190. Epub 2017 Dec 24.
    UMR Physiologie de la Nutrition et du Comportement Alimentaire, AgroParisTech, INRA, Université Paris-Saclay, 75005, Paris, France.
    The degree to which consumers expect foods to satisfy hunger, referred to as expected satiation, has been reported to predict food intake. Yet this relationship has not been established precisely, at a quantitative level. We sought to explore this relationship in detail by determining whether expected satiation predicts the actual intake of semi-solid desserts. Read More

    A randomised controlled trial of manualized cognitive remediation therapy in adult obesity.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 24;123:269-279. Epub 2017 Dec 24.
    School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1747, Penrith 2751, Australia. Electronic address:
    Objective: Research has indicated that individuals with obesity have neurocognitive deficits, especially in cognitive flexibility that may in turn impact on their weight loss and maintenance. Consequently, we examined the efficacy of a manualised face-to-face cognitive remediation therapy for obesity (CRT-O) within a randomised controlled trial, in terms of improving cognitive flexibility, reducing binge eating behaviour, improving quality of life and helping with weight loss.

    Methods: 80 adults with obesity (body mass index >30 kg/m2), 70% binge eaters, received three weekly sessions of group Behavioural Weight Loss (BWL) and then were randomised to 8 sessions of individual CRT-O or to a no-treatment control group. Read More

    How to bridge the intention-behavior gap in food parenting: Automatic constructs and underlying techniques.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 24;123:191-200. Epub 2017 Dec 24.
    Center for Obesity Research and Education, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Temple University, 3223 N. Broad Street, Suite 175, Philadelphia PA 19140, USA.
    Although parents often report positive intentions to promote and create a healthy food environment for their children (e.g., setting limits to snacks offered), they also experience difficulties in translating these intentions into actual behaviors. Read More

    Validity of assessing child feeding with virtual reality.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 23;123:201-207. Epub 2017 Dec 23.
    Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, USA.
    Assessment of parents' child feeding behavior is challenging, and there is need for additional methodological approaches. Virtual reality technology allows for the creation of behavioral measures, and its implementation overcomes several limitations of existing methods. This report evaluates the validity and usability of the Virtual Reality (VR) Buffet among a sample of 52 parents of children aged 3-7. Read More

    The impact of replacing sugar- by artificially-sweetened beverages on brain and behavioral responses to food viewing - An exploratory study.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 19;123:160-168. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    The Laboratory for Investigative Neurophysiology (The LINE), Department of Radiology and Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Vaudois University Hospital Center and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Several studies indicate that the outcome of nutritional and lifestyle interventions can be linked to brain 'signatures' in terms of neural reactivity to food cues. However, 'dieting' is often considered in a rather broad sense, and no study so far investigated modulations in brain responses to food cues occurring over an intervention specifically aiming to reduce sugar intake. We studied neural activity and liking in response to visual food cues in 14 intensive consumers of sugar-sweetened beverages before and after a 3-month replacement period by artificially-sweetened equivalents. Read More

    Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I.Family study.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 19;123:152-159. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Bremen, Germany. Electronic address:
    We aimed to investigate the association between emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption in 1039 European adolescents aged 12-18 years. During the cross-sectional examination in 2013/2014, complete information was collected on: emotion-driven impulsiveness (using the negative urgency subscale from the Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance, Sensation seeking, and Positive urgency (UPPS-P) Impulsive Behaviour Scale) and snacking behaviour operationalised as 1) consumption frequency of daily snacks, 2) consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (both measured using Food Frequency Questionnaire) and 3) usual energy intake of food consumed per snacking occasion in calories. The latter was measured using online self-administered 24-h dietary recalls and was estimated based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Method. Read More

    When exercise does not pay: Counterproductive effects of impending exercise on energy intake among restrained eaters.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 16;123:120-127. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, A*STAR, Singapore; Division of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Electronic address:
    Evidence suggests people may overestimate the effectiveness of future positive behaviour, leading to counterproductive behaviours in the present. Applied to weight-management, we hypothesize that inaccurate expectations about impending exercise may impede weight management by promoting overconsumption prior to exercise. This study aimed to determine how expectations about impending exercise and its potential ability to expend energy may influence i) energy intake before exercise and ii) overall energy balance (energy intake minus energy expended via exercise). Read More

    An overture to overeating: The cross-modal effects of acoustic pitch on food preferences and serving behavior.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 15;123:128-134. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Owen Graduate School of Management, Vanderbilt University, 401 21st Ave. S., Nashville, TN, 37203, USA. Electronic address:
    Billions of dollars are spent annually with the aim of enticing consumers to purchase food. Yet despite the prevalence of such advertising, little is known about how the actual sensation of this advertising media affects consumer behavior, including consequential choices regarding food. This paper explores the effect of acoustic pitch in food advertising, demonstrating in two studies, including a field study in a live retail environment, how the perception of pitch in advertising can impact food desirability and decisions regarding serving size. Read More

    The role of craving in emotional and uncontrolled eating.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 15;123:146-151. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Ave, Tampa, FL 33620, United States. Electronic address:
    This study presents a novel application of the cognitive processing model of alcohol craving (CPMA) from the addictions field to the role of food craving in the well-established restrained eating-overeating relationship associated with binge eating disorder (BED). A community sample (N = 1058, ages 18-66) completed an online survey assessing four core domains: restrained eating, trait food craving, uncontrolled eating, and emotional eating. In accordance with the CPMA, food craving emerged as a significant indirect effect of the association between restrained eating and both uncontrolled and emotional eating. Read More

    The effect of gender, age and product type on the origin induced food product experience among young consumers in Finland.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 15;123:101-107. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    University of Turku, Functional Foods Forum, Seinäjoki, Finland.
    Locally produced and sourced food products are gaining popularity among consumers. The effect of the expectations induced by the origin of the food was studied with 1491 consumers in two separate studies among different age groups. In order to test the consumer response to the product origin neutral, domestic, and local conditions were used. Read More

    Application of the Health Belief Model to customers' use of menu labels in restaurants.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 14;123:208-215. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    Symbiotic Life Tech Research Institute, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Yonsei University, Office: 505 Samsung Hall, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, South Korea. Electronic address:
    Some countries require the provision of menu labels on restaurant menus to fight the increasing prevalence of obesity and related chronic diseases. This study views customers' use of menu labels as a preventive health behavior and applies the Health Belief Model (HBM) with the aim of determining the health belief factors that influence customers' use of menu labels. A self-administered survey was distributed for data collection. Read More

    Pattern of access determines influence of junk food diet on cue sensitivity and palatability.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 14;123:135-145. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    Hatos Center for Neuropharmacology, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, 675 Charles E Young Dr. South, MRL #2762, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
    Aims: Like drug addiction, cues associated with palatable foods can trigger food-seeking, even when sated. However, whether susceptibility to the motivating influence of food-related cues is a predisposing factor in overeating or a consequence of poor diet is difficult to determine in humans. Using a rodent model, we explored whether a highly palatable 'junk food' diet impacts responses to reward-paired cues in a Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer test, using sweetened condensed milk (SCM) as the reward. Read More

    Effect of price and information on the food choices of women university students in Saudi Arabia: An experimental study.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 13;123:175-182. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    University of Surrey, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    Objective: To explore the impact of price manipulation and healthy eating information on intended food choices.

    Design: Health information was provided to a random half of subjects (vs. information on Saudi agriculture). Read More

    Theta-burst modulation of mid-ventrolateral prefrontal cortex affects salience coding in the human ventral tegmental area.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 13;123:91-100. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Ulm, Leimgrubenweg 12-14, 89075 Ulm, Germany. Electronic address:
    In the context of hedonic (over-)eating the ventral tegmental area (VTA) as a core part of the dopaminergic reward system plays a central role in coding incentive salience of high-caloric food. In the present study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate whether transcranial magnetic theta-burst stimulation (TBS) over the right mid-ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (mid-VLPFC) can induce modulation of calorie-sensitive brain activation in the VTA. The prefrontal location for TBS had been predetermined by seed-based resting-state fMRI with a functionally defined portion of the VTA serving as seed region obtained from an independent second fMRI experiment. Read More

    Disentangling the effects of parental food restriction on child's risk of overweight.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 8;123:82-90. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Paris Nanterre University, Department of Psychology, F-92000 Nanterre, France.
    The links between parental restriction of food intake, child's eating behaviour and child's adiposity are still unclear. Our aim was to validate a model suggesting an underlying mechanism for the impact of parental restriction on child's adiposity through a broad dimension of child's eating temperament entitled the appetite reactivity (including both appetite arousal and appetite persistence). Using an online questionnaire administered at home to children aged between 8 and 11 years (N = 414) with one or both of their parents, we measured: based on child's reports, the perceived maternal restriction of child's food intake, the appetite reactivity and both the desired and the eaten mean food portion sizes; based on parental reports, the mean food portion size given to the child and the child's BMI. Read More

    Pre-weaning maternal separation increases eating later in life in male and female offspring, but increases brainstem dopamine receptor 1a and 2a only in males.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 8;123:114-119. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Federal University of Pernambuco, Department of Anatomy, Brazil.
    Maternal separation stress (MS) is a model of early life stress performed by the separation between dam and pups in the first days of life. This model has been associated with eating behavior and dopaminergic system abnormal phenotypes. This study aims to investigate whether maternal separation in the light or dark phase of the circadian cycle promotes phenotypic adjustments in the eating behavior and the dopamine system in both males and females. Read More

    Ethical concerns regarding animal use mediate the relationship between variety of pets owned in childhood and vegetarianism in adulthood.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 7;123:43-48. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, United States.
    Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past studies have shown that childhood pet ownership predicts the likelihood of adherence to a vegetarian diet in adulthood. Read More

    Effects of healthcare professional delivered early feeding interventions on feeding practices and dietary intake: A systematic review.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 7;123:56-71. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    School of Public Health, University College Cork, Ireland.
    Background: Childhood obesity is a global public health challenge. Parental feeding practices, such as responsive feeding, are implicated in the etiology of childhood obesity.

    Purpose: This systematic review aimed to examine of effects of healthcare professional-delivered early feeding interventions, on parental feeding practices, dietary intake, and weight outcomes for children up to 2 years. Read More

    Toward new forms of meal sharing? Collective habits and personal diets.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 6;123:108-113. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Laboratoire de Psychologie: Cognition, Comportement, Communication - EA 1285, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, 20 rue Duquesne, CS 93837, F-29238 Brest 03, France.
    This article sheds light on the fact that the commensality remains a fundamental aspect of eating in French culture. However, at the same time, the expansion of the individualisation and medicalisation of the act of eating during the latest decades impacted the social representations of food. We will first place dietary practices into a general context in which the relationship to food tends to be individualised and in which health-related issues remain an important aspect of the discourse about food on internet. Read More

    Food and beverage TV advertising to young children: Measuring exposure and potential impact.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 5;123:49-55. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, University of Connecticut, One Constitution Plaza, Suite 600, Hartford, CT 06103, USA.
    Children of all ages are vulnerable to influence from exposure to unhealthy food advertisements, but experts raise additional concerns about children under 6 due to their more limited cognitive abilities. Most companies in the U.S. Read More

    Initial validation of the Nine Item Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake disorder screen (NIAS): A measure of three restrictive eating patterns.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 5;123:32-42. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    East Carolina University, Psychology Department, East 5th Street, 104 Rawl Building, Greenville, NC 27858, United States.
    Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating or feeding disorder characterized by inadequate nutritional or caloric intake leading to weight loss, nutritional deficiency, supplement dependence, and/or significant psychosocial impairment. DSM-5 lists three different eating patterns that can lead to symptoms of ARFID: avoidance of foods due to their sensory properties (e.g. Read More

    What motivates women to breastfeed in Lebanon: An exploratory qualitative analysis.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 5;123:23-31. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Grenoble Ecole de Management, Grenoble, France. Electronic address:
    This exploratory qualitative study examined the influence of injunctive and descriptive norms on breastfeeding, a health-improving behaviour related to a highly committed personal decision. The research explores the different mechanisms through which social norms impact breastfeeding behaviour pre or post-adoption of breastfeeding practice. A qualitative approach was used by performing in-depth analysis of cross-sectional accounts of women in Lebanon contemplating adoption of breastfeeding practice and women who already breastfed. Read More

    Detection thresholds for four different fatty stimuli are associated with increased dietary intake of processed high-caloric food.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 5;123:7-13. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Centre for Advanced Sensory Sciences, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia.
    BMI-specific differences in food choice and energy intake have been suggested to modulate taste perception. However, associations between body composition and fat taste sensitivity are controversial. The objective of this study was to examine the association between body composition, dietary intake and detection thresholds of four fatty stimuli (oleic acid, paraffin oil, canola oil, and canola oil spiked with oleic acid) that could be perceived via gustatory and/or textural cues. Read More

    Stress and eating behaviors in children and adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 2;123:14-22. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. Electronic address:
    It is well established that stress is linked to changes in eating behaviors. Research using adult populations has shown that stress is associated with both increases and decreases in the amount and type of food consumed. However, due to a lack of research reviews, the relationship between stress and eating behaviors in children is unclear. Read More

    Examination of emotion-induced changes in eating: A latent profile analysis of the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 2;123:72-81. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    CESP, INSERM, University Paris-Sud, UVSQ, University Paris-Saclay, 94800, Villejuif, France; Psychiatry Unit, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, 75014, Paris, France.
    It is now recognized that emotions can influence food intake. While some people report eating less when distressed, others report either no change of eating or eating more in the same condition. The question whether this interindividual variability also occurs in response to positive emotions has been overlooked in most studies on Emotional Eating (EE). Read More

    Characteristics of feeding tube dependency with respect to food aversive behaviour and growth.
    Appetite 2017 Dec 2;123:1-6. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Department of Neonatology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
    The use of feeding tubes in pediatric medical procedures and management has dramatically increased over the last three decades. With this increase, the prevalence of Feeding Tube Dependency (FTD) - a reliance on enteral feeding following medical recovery due to lack of oral intake of nutrition, despite being able to eat- has increased too. It has been suggested, that cases with FTD show avoidant feeding behaviours such as food refusal, gagging or swallowing resistance, but evidence for this hypothesis is scarce. Read More

    Do nutrition labels influence healthier food choices? Analysis of label viewing behaviour and subsequent food purchases in a labelling intervention trial.
    Appetite 2018 Feb 27;121:360-365. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Background: There are few objective data on how nutrition labels are used in real-world shopping situations, or how they affect dietary choices and patterns.

    Design: The Starlight study was a four-week randomised, controlled trial of the effects of three different types of nutrition labels on consumer food purchases: Traffic Light Labels, Health Star Rating labels, or Nutrition Information Panels (control). Smartphone technology allowed participants to scan barcodes of packaged foods and receive randomly allocated labels on their phone screen, and to record their food purchases. Read More

    Predicting fruit and vegetable consumption in long-haul heavy goods vehicle drivers: Application of a multi-theory, dual-phase model and the contribution of past behaviour.
    Appetite 2018 Feb 28;121:326-336. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    School of Applied Psychology and Menzies Health Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia; School of Psychology and Speech Pathology and Health Psychology and Behaviour Medicine Research Group, Curtin University, Perth, Australia. Electronic address:
    Fruit and vegetable intake is insufficient in industrialized nations and long-haul heavy goods vehicle (HGV) drivers are considered a particularly at-risk group. The aim of the current study was to test the effectiveness of a multi-theory, dual-phase model to predict fruit and vegetable consumption in Australian long-haul HGV drivers. A secondary aim was to examine the effect of past fruit and vegetable consumption on model paths. Read More

    Effect of snack-food proximity on intake in general population samples with higher and lower cognitive resource.
    Appetite 2018 Feb 26;121:337-347. Epub 2017 Nov 26.
    Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Box 113 Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    Objective: Placing snack-food further away from people consistently decreases its consumption ("proximity effect"). However, given diet-related health inequalities, it is important to know whether interventions that alter food proximity have potential to change behaviour regardless of cognitive resource (capacity for self-control). This is often lower in those in lower socio-economic positions, who also tend to have less healthy diet-related behaviours. Read More

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