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    4613 results match your criteria Appetite [Journal]

    1 OF 93

    Shopping for food with children: A strategy for directing their choices toward novel foods containing vegetables.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 13. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Basque Culinary Center, Paseo Juan Avelino Barriola, 101 - 20009 San Sebastián, Spain.
    Involving children in the different steps of meal preparation has been suggested as a strategy for enhancing dietary habits in childhood. It has previously been shown that involving children in cooking can increase their willingness to taste novel foods and direct their food choices towards foods containing vegetables. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of involving children in food purchasing on food choices, intake, liking and appetite. Read More

    Self-reported and observed feeding practices of Rhode Island Head Start teachers: Knowing what not to do.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    41 Lower College Rd., Fogarty Hall, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, United States. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Through their feeding practices, adult caregivers play an important role in shaping children's eating behaviors. However, the feeding practices of child care teachers have received little attention. The purpose of this study was to compare child care teachers' self-reported feeding practices and observed feeding practices during a preschool meal. Read More

    A short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) for adults: Findings from a Swiss validation study.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 11;120:275-280. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, 3012 Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    The short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) was developed to measure a broad range of skills including functional, interactive, and critical elements of FL. This study evaluated SFLQ measurement properties. We used a workplace intervention trial to reduce salt intake in Switzerland to explore the underlying structure of the questionnaire with 350 respondents and identify the ideal number of SFLQ items to capture the different elements of FL. Read More

    Predicting preschool children's eating in the absence of hunger from maternal pressure to eat: A longitudinal study of low-income, Latina mothers.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 9;120:281-286. Epub 2017 Sep 9.
    USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates, Houston, TX, 77030-2600, USA. Electronic address:
    Early work by Klesges et al. (1983, 1986) suggested that mothers who frequently prompt their children to eat have children at greater risk for obesity. This is consistent with the hypothesis that controlling feeding practices override children's responsiveness to their internal fullness cues, increasing the risk of overeating and obesity (e. Read More

    Is higher formula intake and limited dietary diversity in Australian children at 14 months of age associated with dietary quality at 24 months?
    Appetite 2017 Sep 9;120:240-245. Epub 2017 Sep 9.
    Centre for Children's Health Research, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
    A varied and diverse diet in childhood supports optimum long-term preferences and growth. Previous analysis from 14-month-old Australian children in the NOURISH and South Australian Infants Dietary Intake (SAIDI) studies found higher formula intake was associated with lower dietary diversity. This analysis investigated whether formula intake and dietary diversity at 14 months of age is associated with dietary quality at 24 months. Read More

    Learned pleasure from eating: An opportunity to promote healthy eating in children?
    Appetite 2017 Sep 8;120:265-274. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, CNRS, INRA, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 17 rue Sully, BP86510, 21065 Dijon Cedex, France. Electronic address:
    Across the lifespan, eating is a common everyday act driven by the search for pleasure and reinforced by experienced pleasure. Pleasure is an innate indicator of the satisfaction of physiological needs, in addition to other attributes. Pleasure from eating is also learned and contributes to the development of children's eating habits, which remain mostly stable until adulthood. Read More

    Examining the "Veggie" personality: Results from a representative German sample.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 7;120:246-255. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
    An increasing proportion of people choose to follow a vegetarian diet. To date, however, little is known about if and how individual differences in personality relate to following a vegetarian diet. In the two studies presented here, we aimed to (1) estimate the prevalence of self-defined vegetarians in two waves of a German representative sample (N = 4496 and 5125, respectively), (2) analyze the effect of socio-demographic variables on dietary behavior, and (3) examine individual differences between vegetarians and meat eaters in personality traits, political attitudes, and health-related variables. Read More

    DNA methylation patterns at sweet taste transducing genes are associated with BMI and carbohydrate intake in an adult population.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 6;120:230-239. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Physiology, Center for Nutrition Research, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; Navarra Institute for Health Research (IdiSNA), Pamplona, Spain; Biomedical Research Centre Network in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Carlos III Institute, Madrid, Spain; Madrid Institute of Advanced Studies (IMDEA Food), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
    Individual differences in taste perception may influence appetite, dietary intakes, and subsequently, disease risk. Correlations of DNA methylation patterns at taste transducing genes with BMI and dietary intakes were studied. A nutriepigenomic analysis within the Methyl Epigenome Network Association (MENA) project was conducted in 474 adults. Read More

    Easy-going, rational, susceptible and struggling eaters: A segmentation study based on eating behaviour tendencies.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 6;120:212-221. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Finland. Electronic address:
    Eating behaviour tendencies, emotional eating (EE), uncontrolled eating (UE) and cognitive restraint (CR), are associated with various indicators of physical and mental health. Therefore, it is important to understand these tendencies in order to design interventions to improve health. Previous research has mostly examined eating behaviour tendencies individually, without considering typical combinations of these tendencies or their manifestation in well-being and food choices. Read More

    Can attentional bias modification inoculate people to withstand exposure to real-world food cues?
    Appetite 2017 Sep 6;120:222-229. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
    Two experiments investigated whether attentional bias modification can inoculate people to withstand exposure to real-world appetitive food cues, namely television advertisements for chocolate products. Using a modified dot probe task, undergraduate women were trained to direct their attention toward (attend) or away from (avoid) chocolate pictures. Experiment 1 (N = 178) consisted of one training session; Experiment 2 (N = 161) included 5 weekly sessions. Read More

    Too sweet to eat: Exploring the effects of cuteness on meat consumption.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 4;120:181-195. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Simula Research Laboratory, Oslo, Norway.
    Although daily meat consumption is a widespread habit, many individuals at the same time put a high value on the welfare of animals. While different psychological mechanisms have been identified to resolve this cognitive tension, such as dissociating the animal from the consumed meat or denying the animal's moral status, few studies have investigated the effects of the animal's appearance on the willingness to consume its meat. The present article explored how the perception of cuteness influences hypothetical meat consumption. Read More

    Feasibility and reliability of digital imaging for estimating food selection and consumption from students' packed lunches.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 8;120:196-204. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616 United States; Center for Nutrition in Schools, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616 United States; University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources, Davis, CA 95616 United States.
    Although increasing attention is placed on the quality of foods in children's packed lunches, few studies have examined the capacity of observational methods to reliably determine both what is selected and consumed from these lunches. The objective of this project was to assess the feasibility and inter-rater reliability of digital imaging for determining selection and consumption from students' packed lunches, by adapting approaches previously applied to school lunches. Study 1 assessed feasibility and reliability of data collection among a sample of packed lunches (n = 155), while Study 2 further examined reliability in a larger sample of packed (n = 386) as well as school (n = 583) lunches. Read More

    Emotional eating is related with temperament but not with stress biomarkers in preschool children.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 31;120:256-264. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Fribourg, Rue P.A. de Faucigny 2, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Emotional eating (EE) corresponds to a change in eating behavior in response to distress and results in an increase of food intake (overeating (EOE)) or in food avoidance (undereating (EUE)). EE has been related to temperament (i.e. Read More

    Similarities in smell and taste preferences in couples increase with relationship duration.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 31;120:158-162. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, Poland.
    Numerous studies point to partners' congruence in various domains and note an increase in their compatibility over time. However, none have explored a shift in chemosensory perception related to relationship duration. Here, we examined the relationship between the time heterosexual couples have spent together and the degree to which they share their gustatory and olfactory preferences. Read More

    Perceived impact of smaller compared with larger-sized bottles of sugar-sweetened beverages on consumption: A qualitative analysis.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 31;120:171-180. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Behaviour and Health Research Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. Electronic address:
    Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption increases obesity risk and is linked to adverse health consequences. Large packages increase food consumption, but most evidence comes from studies comparing larger with standard packages, resulting in uncertainty regarding the impact of smaller packages. There is also little research on beverages. Read More

    Emotion suppression and food intake in the context of a couple discussion: A dyadic analysis.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 31;120:109-114. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Laval University, School of Psychology, Pavillon F-A.-Savard, 2325, Rue des Bibliothèques, Local 1116, Quebec QC G1V 0A6, Canada. Electronic address:
    Using dyadic analysis, this study examined whether emotion suppression is a valid mediator in the relationship between mood change following a stressful couple discussion and subsequent food intake among cohabiting couples. In a laboratory setting, 80 heterosexual couples were presented with a bogus taste test immediately after discussing aspects that they would like each other to change. Mood change, emotion suppression and appetite perceptions were self-reported using visual analogue scales, and BMI was calculated based on objective measures. Read More

    Measurement invariance of the Feeding Practices and Structure Questionnaire-28 among a community of socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers and fathers.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 31;120:115-122. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Centre for Children's Health Research, Queensland University of Technology, South Brisbane, 4101, Australia; School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane 4059, Australia; Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Indooroopilly 4068, Australia. Electronic address:
    Objective: Determine whether feeding practices across mothers and fathers are interpreted and measured with equivalent accuracy (measurement invariance) using the Feeding Practices and Structure Questionnaire-28 (FPSQ-28).

    Design: Cross-sectional hard-copy and online survey design; Setting: Socioeconomically disadvantaged community in Queensland, Australia.

    Participants: Mothers (n = 279) and fathers (n = 225) of 2- to 5-year old children. Read More

    Pica is prevalent and strongly associated with iron deficiency among Hispanic pregnant women living in the United States.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 31;120:163-170. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Population Medicine, Program in International Nutrition, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, 1810 Hinman St, Evanston, IL 60208, USA. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Anecdotal evidence suggests that pica occurs among Hispanic women in the United States, especially during pregnancy. However, the prevalence and socio-demographic and biological factors associated with pica in this population have not been adequately identified.

    Methods: Trained, bilingual study personnel conducted structured interviews at public health clinics in Salinas Valley, California with 187 pregnant Hispanic women in their 2nd or 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. Read More

    Salad bar selection patterns of elementary school children.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 31;120:136-144. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Planning, Public Policy and Management, University of Oregon, United States.
    From the perspective of child-focused nutrition research, the analysis of the school cafeteria culture and environment is critical. Most children eat at least one meal at school per school day, thus elementary schools are a good setting for influencing the early development of healthy eating habits. The salad bar in particular has gained attention as a means of increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Read More

    Parental feeding behavior in relation to children's tasting behavior: An observational study.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 31;120:205-211. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Developmental & Personality Psychology, Ghent University, H. Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    Children's eating habits are shaped in part by parental feeding practices. While maladaptive practices have already received a lot of research attention, the effects of adaptive strategies, especially in elementary school aged children of different weight status, are less examined. This study examines how parents (1) model and (2) encourage their child to taste an unknown food. Read More

    Unsold is unseen … or is it? Examining the role of peripheral vision in the consumer choice process using eye-tracking methodology.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 26;120:49-56. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    Department of Management/MAPP, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 10, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Electronic address:
    In visual marketing, the truism that "unseen is unsold" means that products that are not noticed will not be sold. This truism rests on the idea that the consumer choice process is heavily influenced by visual search. However, given that the majority of available products are not seen by consumers, this article examines the role of peripheral vision in guiding attention during the consumer choice process. Read More

    Consumer lay theories on healthy nutrition: A Q methodology application in Germany.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 26;120:145-157. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    Kiel University, Faculty of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Department A&F Marketing - Consumer Psychology, Wilhelm-Seelig-Platz 6/7, 24098 Kiel, Germany; School of Business, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; Ehrenberg-Bass Institute for Marketing Science, University of South of Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:
    Food is an important driver of individual health, and an important subject in public policy and health intervention research. Viewpoints on what constitutes healthy nutrition, however, are manifold and highly subjective in nature, suggesting there is no one-size-fits-all behavioral change intervention. This research explores fundamental lay theories regarding healthy nutrition with consumers in Germany. Read More

    What does a person's eating identity add to environmental influences on fruit and vegetable intake?
    Appetite 2017 Aug 26;120:130-135. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA. Electronic address:
    Objective: To evaluate whether knowledge of a person's eating identity (EI) can explain any additional variation in fruit and vegetable intake above and beyond that explained by food environment characteristics, perceptions of the food environment, and shopping behaviors.

    Design: Cross-sectional study.

    Setting: A total of 968 adults were recruited for a telephone survey by the Survey Research Laboratory in an eight-county region in South Carolina. Read More

    Binary components of food reinforcement: Amplitude and persistence.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 26;120:67-74. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, United States.
    Background: Demand curves provide an index of how reinforcing a food is. Research examining the latent structure of alcohol and tobacco reinforcement identified two underlying components of reinforcement, amplitude and persistence. No research has assessed latent structure of food reinforcement and how these factors are related to BMI. Read More

    Acute effects of video-game playing versus television viewing on stress markers and food intake in overweight and obese young men: A randomised controlled trial.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 24;120:100-108. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle on Tyne, NE4 5PL, UK; Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK.
    Background: Sedentary or near-sedentary activities are associated with overweight/obesity in epidemiological studies. This has traditionally been attributed to physical activity displacement. A little-explored area is whether behavioural stresses alter sensations of appetite and eating behaviour. Read More

    Acute effects of monosodium glutamate addition to whey protein on appetite, food intake, blood glucose, insulin and gut hormones in healthy young men.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 24;120:92-99. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 150 College Street, Toronto, M5S 3E2, Canada.
    Aims: This study investigated the effects of adding monosodium glutamate (MSG) to carrot soup with or without whey protein, on subjective appetite, food intake (FI) and satiety hormones in healthy young men.

    Methods: Two experiments were conducted using a repeated-measures, within-subject, crossover design. In exp-1 healthy young men (n = 28) consumed water alone (500 mL), or carrot soup (500 g) with or without MSG (5 g, 1% w/w) or whey protein enriched (36 g) carrot soup with or without MSG (5 g, 1% w/w). Read More

    What determines the fruit and vegetables intake of primary school children? - An analysis of personal and social determinants.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 24;120:82-91. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Institute for Food and Resource Economics, Department of Agricultural and Food Market Research, University of Bonn, Nussallee 21, 53115 Bonn, Germany. Electronic address:
    The high prevalence of childhood obesity is a major concern in developed and developing countries. An increase in fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake is perceived as one of the numerous strategies to prevent and reduce the risk of adiposity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relevance of personal and social determinants in explaining children's F&V intake. Read More

    Australian children's perceptions of discretionary foods.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 24;120:43-48. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    School of Education, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia; Sport, Health & Physical Education Research Centre, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.
    Energy-dense nutrient poor foods and drinks, often referred to as discretionary choices, can contribute a significant amount of energy, fat, sodium and sugar to the diet if consumed in large quantities. Currently many Australian children are consuming a diet that is characterised by large quantities of discretionary items. We undertook a qualitative study to gain a descriptive account of preadolescent children's attitudes and perceptions towards health and nutrition. Read More

    An experiment assessing effects of personalized feedback about genetic susceptibility to obesity on attitudes towards diet and exercise.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 25;120:23-31. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Center for Research on Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurologic and Behavioral Genetics, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, NY State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 122, New York, NY 10032, United States. Electronic address:
    As increasing attention is paid to possible genetic influences on susceptibility to obesity, recent studies have examined how genetic attributions can impact laypeople's weight-related attitudes and eating behavior. Little consideration, however, has been devoted to understanding the potential effects of learning that one does not have a genetic predisposition to obesity. The present study investigated the possibility that such feedback might bring about negative consequences by making people feel invulnerable to weight gain, which is termed a genetic invincibility effect. Read More

    Visual exposure and categorization performance positively influence 3- to 6-year-old children's willingness to taste unfamiliar vegetables.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 28;120:32-42. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    Aix Marseille Université, Laboratoire PSYCLE EA3273, Maison de la recherche, 29 Avenue Schuman, 13621 Aix en Provence, France. Electronic address:
    The present research focuses on the effectiveness of visual exposure to vegetables in reducing food neophobia and pickiness among young children. We tested the hypotheses that (1) simple visual exposure to vegetables leads to an increase in the consumption of this food category, (2) diverse visual exposure to vegetables (i.e. Read More

    Food addiction among sexual minorities.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 19;120:16-22. Epub 2017 Aug 19.
    University of Michigan, United States. Electronic address:
    Although sexual minorities represent a small proportion of the general population, this group has been observed to be at an increased risk of developing various pathologies, including substance use and eating disorders. Research suggests that foods high in added fat and refined carbohydrates may trigger an addictive response, especially in at-risk individuals. Consequently, food addiction is associated with elevated risk for obesity, diet-related disease, and psychological distress. Read More

    The prevalence of food addiction in a large sample of adolescents and its association with addictive substances.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 5;118:97-105. Epub 2017 Aug 5.
    Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
    The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing, due to, among other factors, increased availability of highly palatable food (food high in fat, salt and/or sugar). It has been proposed that certain foods and/or eating behaviours may be addictive, to a degree comparable to substances of abuse. The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) measures 'food addiction' by translating the diagnostic criteria for substance use disorder to eating behaviour. Read More

    The Self-Efficacy Scale for Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (SESAMeD): A scale construction and validation.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 17;120:6-15. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Spain; University of Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address:
    The Mediterranean diet has several beneficial impacts on health. Self-efficacy may be crucial for adhering to the diet. This study set out to develop a reliable and valid instrument that would enable measurement of the extent to which people are confident about their ability to adhere to the Mediterranean diet: the Self-Efficacy Scale for Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (SESAMeD). Read More

    The training and creativity of professional chefs: Stoking the imagination in global gastronomic discourse.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 14. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    Department of Anthropology, SOAS, University of London, UK. Electronic address:
    The sameness of eating out has been criticised in some quarters of food media in recent years. In this paper I demonstrate through the case of three chefs in Hong Kong how this sameness is the product of global gastronomic discourse. I suggest that chefs play a crucial role in providing the content that fuels gastronomic discourses and also in delivering the experiences of the discourse on the plate to diners. Read More

    Spatial, temporal, and health associations of eating alone: A cross-cultural analysis of young adults in urban Australia and Japan.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 14;118:149-160. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    Department of Anthropology, & College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware, 46 W. Delaware Ave, Newark, DE 19716, USA. Electronic address:
    Eating alone is driven by social and cultural factors, not solely by individual preferences. In academic research, eating alone is often simply treated as an alternative to social, commensal eating, and little is known about the practice of eating alone itself. This study employs a cross-cultural analysis to explore social and cultural associations of eating alone. Read More

    Repeatability of the infant food reinforcement paradigm: Implications of individual and developmental differences.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 12;120:123-129. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14216, United States.
    The relative reinforcing value of food versus engagement in other behaviors may be related to the development of obesity, and interventions to reduce FRR may prevent the development of obesity. Our laboratory recently developed a paradigm to measure the reinforcing value of food versus an alternative behavior (i.e. Read More

    Intraperitoneal injection of d-serine inhibits high-fat diet intake and preference in male mice.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 10;118:120-128. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Laboratory for Metabolic Signaling, Institute for Molecular and Cellular Regulation, Gunma University, 3-39-15 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-8512, Japan.
    d-serine is a co-agonist of the N-methyl d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, an important modulator of glutamatergic excitatory synaptic transmission. We previously reported that oral d-serine ingestion inhibited the intake of highly preferred food and promoted the intake of less preferred food in mice. Here, we analyzed the effects of intraperitoneal (IP) d-serine injections on feeding behavior in mice. Read More

    Military experience can influence Women's eating habits.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 9;118:161-167. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    San Francisco VA Medical Center, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA; University of California, San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
    Background: Disordered eating, ranging from occasional binge eating or restriction to behaviors associated with eating disorder diagnoses, is common among military personnel and veterans. However, there is little information on how military service affects eating habits.

    Objective: To describe possible pathways between military service and disordered eating among women veterans, a high risk group. Read More

    "Doing our best to keep a routine:" How low-income mothers manage child feeding with unpredictable work and family schedules.
    Appetite 2017 Aug 9;120:57-66. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Savage Hall, Ithaca 14850, NY, USA. Electronic address:
    Significant changes in work and family conditions over the last three decades have important implications for understanding how young children are fed. The new conditions of work and family have placed pressures on families. The aim of this study was to explore the work and family pressures shaping the ways parents feed their young children on a day-to-day basis. Read More

    Unobtrusive electromyography-based eating detection in daily life: A new tool to address underreporting?
    Appetite 2017 Nov 7;118:168-173. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    Department of Psychology, Division for Clinical Psychology, Psychotherapy, and Health Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria.
    Research on eating behavior is limited by an overreliance on self-report. It is well known that actual food intake is frequently underreported, and it is likely that this problem is overrepresented in vulnerable populations. The present research tested a chewing detection method that could assist self-report methods. Read More

    Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between different exercise types and food cravings in free-living healthy young adults.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 7;118:82-89. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, United States.
    Introduction: An increase in energy intake due to alterations in hedonic appetite sensations may, at least in part, contribute to lower-than-expected weight loss in exercise interventions. The aim of this study was to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between habitual exercise participation and food cravings in free-living young adults.

    Methods: A total of 417 adults (49% male, 28 ± 4 years) reported frequency and duration of walking, aerobic exercise, resistance exercise and other exercise at baseline and every 3 months over a 12-month period. Read More

    Relevance of the nucleus of the solitary tract, gelatinous part, in learned preferences induced by intragastric nutrient administration.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 5;118:90-96. Epub 2017 Aug 5.
    Department of Psychobiology, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja, Granada 18071, Spain; Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja, Granada 18071, Spain.
    Food preferences have been investigated in Wistar rats utilizing a learned concurrent flavor preference behavioral procedure. Previous studies have demonstrated that the perivagal administration of neurotoxin capsaicin disrupts the learning of preferences induced by intragastric administration of rewarding nutrients (pre-digested milk). The vagus nerve projects almost exclusively towards the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST), a brain medullary gateway for visceral signals. Read More

    Stress-induced eating and the relaxation response as a potential antidote: A review and hypothesis.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 5;118:136-143. Epub 2017 Aug 5.
    The University of Western Australia, School of Human Sciences, WA 6009, Australia.
    There is an accumulating body of evidence to indicate that stress leads to the consumption of unhealthy, energy-dense, palatable food, potentially contributing to the alarming global prevalence of chronic diseases, including obesity. However, comparatively little research has been devoted to addressing how best to remedy this growing problem. We provide an overview of the influence of stress on dietary intake, and then explore the novel, yet simple, possibility that regular elicitation of the relaxation response may effectively reduce stress-induced eating via both physiological neuroendocrine and reward pathways and psychological pathways involving emotion regulation, and habitual coping. Read More

    Encouraging bigger-picture thinking in an intervention to target multiple obesogenic health behaviours.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 4;118:144-148. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom; School of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NL, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    Research has shown that use of the third-person perspective to visualise a behaviour results in increased motivation to engage in the behaviour relative to the first-person perspective. This effect is claimed to operate in part because the third-person perspective leads the individual to "see the bigger picture", linking the visualised behaviour to broader goals and identities. Reasoning that this effect could be harnessed to encourage engaging in multiple behaviours that serve the same broader goal, the present study manipulated the visual perspective participants used to imagine themselves exercising, and assessed effects on cognitions and behaviour related to both exercising and healthy eating. Read More

    Eating and health behaviors in vegans compared to omnivores: Dispelling common myths.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 2;118:129-135. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, United States.
    Studies comparing eating behaviors in individuals avoiding meat and other animal products to omnivores have produced largely inconclusive findings, in part due to a failure to obtain sufficiently large samples of vegan participants to make meaningful comparisons. This study examined eating and health behaviors in a large community sample of dietary vegans ("vegans"), compared to omnivores. Participants (n = 578, 80. Read More

    Presenting a food in multiple smaller units increases expected satiety.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 2;118:106-112. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol, UK.
    Presentation of the same amount of a food in multiple smaller units ('segmentation') has been shown to reduce food intake and increase estimates of the amount of food consumed. However, this effect has been demonstrated for ad libitum food intake only. In the majority of cases, meals are not consumed ad libitum, but are pre-selected and consumed in their entirety, Expected satiety (ES; the anticipated capacity of a portion of food to relieve hunger between meals) is an excellent predictor of portion size selection. Read More

    Behavioral compensation before and after eating at the Minnesota State Fair.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 2;118:113-119. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA.
    People regulate their eating behavior in many ways. They may respond to overeating by compensating with healthy eating behavior or increased exercise (i.e. Read More

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