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    Oleoylethanolamide increases the expression of PPAR-Α and reduces appetite and body weight in obese people: A clinical trial.
    Appetite 2018 May 19. Epub 2018 May 19.
    Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Science, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:
    Obesity is a crucial public health problem worldwide and is considered as the main cause of many chronic diseases. The present study evaluated the effects of Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) supplementation on proximal proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) gene expression, appetite sensations, and anthropometric measurements in obese people. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was carried out on 60 healthy obese people in Tabriz, Iran, in 2016. Read More

    The utility of event-related potentials (ERPs) in understanding food-related cognition: A systematic review and recommendations.
    Appetite 2018 May 19. Epub 2018 May 19.
    Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, United States; Neuroscience Center, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, United States.
    Daily dietary decisions have the potential to impact our physical, mental, and emotional health. Event-related potentials (ERPs) can provide insight into cognitive processes, such as attention, working memory, and inhibitory control, that may influence the food-related decisions we make on a daily basis. We conducted a systematic review of the food-related cognition and ERP research in order to summarize the extant literature, identify future research questions, synthesize how food-related ERP components relate to eating habits and appetite, and demonstrate the utility of ERPs in examining food-related cognition. Read More

    Social reward and social punishment sensitivity in relation to dietary restraint and binge/purge symptoms.
    Appetite 2018 May 19. Epub 2018 May 19.
    Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA. Electronic address:
    Disordered eating symptoms are associated with disrupted sensitivity to reward and punishment, broadly assessed. However, it is unknown how eating pathology is related to sensitivity to social reward and social punishment specifically. Drawing on Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, the current study utilized a multi-method design to test whether disordered eating symptoms, specifically dietary restraint (DR) and binge/purge (BP), were similarly or uniquely related to sensitivity to social punishment and social reward. Read More

    Negative associations of frozen compared with fresh vegetables.
    Appetite 2018 May 19. Epub 2018 May 19.
    Villanova University, 800 Lancaster Ave, Villanova, PA, 19085, United States. Electronic address:
    Despite convenience and nutrition advantages of frozen vegetables, consumption of them is low compared with fresh vegetables and continues to decrease. In two studies, we observe a negative bias for frozen vegetables compared with fresh vegetables. In study 1, we used an Implicit Association Test (IAT) to demonstrate that generalized negative associations with frozen vegetables are automatic, robust, and ingrained in long-term memory. Read More

    Quantity-based analysis of household food consumption patterns and drivers: The case of Israel.
    Appetite 2018 May 18. Epub 2018 May 18.
    Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University, Israel. Electronic address:
    The interest in better understanding the characteristics and drivers of food consumption by individuals and social groups has grown in recent years, because of various social, environmental, health and economic issues. Most analyses have focused either on the macro or national scale, using food balance/disappearance data, or on the micro scale, focusing on nutrition analysis in limited groups of individual consumers. While various household characteristics are expected to influence food-purchasing habits, the scope and methodology of most previous studies limited their ability to relate to multiple factors, and integrate all into specific consumption patterns. Read More

    A GLP-1:CCK fusion peptide harnesses the synergistic effects on metabolism of CCK-1 and GLP-1 receptor agonism in mice.
    Appetite 2018 May 18. Epub 2018 May 18.
    Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, MedImmune LLC, One MedImmune Way, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA. Electronic address:
    Combination approaches for the treatment of metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes are becoming increasingly relevant. Co-administration of a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist with a cholecystokinin receptor-1 (CCKR1) agonist exert synergistic effects on weight loss in obese rodents. Here, we report on the effects of a novel fusion peptide (C2816) comprised of a stabilized GLP-1R agonist, AC3174, and a CCKR1-selective agonist, AC170222. Read More

    Food choice considerations among American Indians living in rural Oklahoma: The THRIVE study.
    Appetite 2018 May 17. Epub 2018 May 17.
    University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, College of Public Health, 4502 E. 41st Street, Tulsa, OK 74135-2512, USA.
    In rural American Indian (AI) communities, access to affordable, healthy foods is often limited. Understanding AI food choice considerations when selecting foods, such as sensory appeal, cost, or health, is an important yet understudied topic for eliminating persistent AI health disparities. In partnership with the Chickasaw Nation and Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, we administered a modified version of the Food Choice Values (FCV) Questionnaire to a cross-sectional sample of 83 AI patrons shopping at tribally-owned convenience stores ≥3 times per week. Read More

    Effect of exposure to similar flavours in sensory specific satiety: Implications for eating behaviour.
    Appetite 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.
    Departamento de Psicología Experimental, CIMCYC, Universidad de Granada, Spain. Electronic address:
    Sensory-specific satiety (SSS) refers to a decline in pleasantness of eaten foods in comparison to other non-ingested meals. Although SSS is specific to the eaten food, it can also generalize to other meals that share similar properties to the satiated food. It is possible that this phenomenon could become more specific after extensive experience, as repeated exposure to an assortment of similar food could cause perceptual learning (i. Read More

    Cognitive defusion and guided imagery tasks reduce naturalistic food cravings and consumption: A field study.
    Appetite 2018 May 14. Epub 2018 May 14.
    School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
    The present study investigated the effect of two craving reduction techniques, namely, cognitive defusion and guided imagery, on naturalistic food cravings. These techniques targeted the intrusion and elaboration stages of the craving process, respectively (Kavanagh, Andrade, & May, 2005). Participants underwent a seven-day baseline period followed by a seven-day intervention period, during which they recorded their food cravings as they occurred using online diaries accessed via smartphone. Read More

    A model of the dynamics of household vegetarian and vegan rates in the U.K.
    Appetite 2018 May 14. Epub 2018 May 14.
    Warwick Business School, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    Although there are many studies of determinants of vegetarianism and veganism, there have been no previous studies of how their rates in a population jointly change over time. In this paper, we present a flexible model of vegetarian and vegan dietary choices, and derive the joint dynamics of rates of consumption. We fit our model to a pseudo-panel with 23 years of U. Read More

    Consumer and product-specific characteristics influencing the effect of nutrition, health and risk reduction claims on preferences and purchase behavior - A systematic review.
    Appetite 2018 May 14. Epub 2018 May 14.
    Department of Agricultural and Food Marketing, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, University of Kassel, Steinstr. 29, 37213, Witzenhausen, Germany. Electronic address:
    The research on nutrition, health, and risk reduction claims (NHR claims) shows a lack of consensus as to whether these claims have a positive or negative effect on consumer's preferences and purchase behavior. This issue has been highlighted by many authors. Therefore, a comprehensive literature review was performed to find reasons for contradictory results. Read More

    Does the cost of a meal influence the portion size effect?
    Appetite 2018 May 14. Epub 2018 May 14.
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA. Electronic address:
    Serving larger portions leads to increased intake, but little is known about how the cost of a meal affects this response. Therefore, we tested whether the amount of money paid for a meal influenced the portion size effect at a lunch served in a controlled restaurant-style setting. In a crossover design, 79 adults (55 women; 24 men) came to the lab once a week for 4 weeks to eat a main dish of pasta with side dishes. Read More

    Watching television or listening to music while exercising failed to affect post-exercise food intake or energy expenditure in male adolescents.
    Appetite 2018 May 14;127:266-273. Epub 2018 May 14.
    Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Rd., Ottawa, ON, K1H 8L1, Canada; School of Human Kinetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 75 Laurier Ave E, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada. Electronic address:
    Watching television or listening to music while exercising can serve as motivating factors, making it more pleasant to exercise for some people. However, it is unknown whether these stimuli influence food intake and/or physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) for the remainder of the day, potentially impacting energy balance and weight control. We examined the effects of watching television or listening to music while exercising on post-exercise energy intake and expenditure. Read More

    Associations between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and dietary habits in elementary school children.
    Appetite 2018 May 17;127:274-279. Epub 2018 May 17.
    Environmental Health Center, Dankook University Medical Center, Cheonan, Republic of Korea; Department of Psychiatry, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between dietary habits and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in elementary school children.

    Methods: The parents of 16,831 participating children assessed the ADHD symptoms of their children by responding to the Korean version of the ADHD rating scale (K-ARS). Parents also responded to the food habit questionnaire, which consists of 8 items regarding the eating pace, the frequency of overeating, and patterns of eating six types of food: fast food, soft drinks, instant noodles, fruit and vegetables, and milk. Read More

    An investigation of maternal food intake and maternal food talk as predictors of child food intake.
    Appetite 2018 May 11. Epub 2018 May 11.
    Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Michigan, United States; Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, United States.
    Though parental modeling is thought to play a critical role in promoting children's healthy eating, little research has examined maternal food intake and maternal food talk as independent predictors of children's food intake. The present study examines maternal food talk during a structured eating protocol, in which mothers and their children had the opportunity to eat a series of familiar and unfamiliar vegetables and desserts. Several aspects of maternal talk during the protocol were coded, including overall food talk, directives, pronoun use, and questions. Read More

    Gluten-free living in China: The characteristics, food choices and difficulties in following a gluten-free diet - An online survey.
    Appetite 2018 May 15;127:242-248. Epub 2018 May 15.
    Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Center for Human Genome Research, Cardio-X Institute, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, PR China. Electronic address:
    Background: Individuals adhering to a gluten-free diet (GFD) have been scarcely researched within a Chinese population. This present study was conducted to assess the characteristics, food choices, shopping preferences, and emotions and attitudes of individuals following a GFD.

    Methods: Individuals following a GFD were invited to complete an online questionnaire about their demography and geography characteristics, gluten-free food choices, shopping preferences, GFD management and subjective difficulty towards the diet. Read More

    Health warnings promote healthier dietary decision making: Effects of positive versus negative message framing and graphic versus text-based warnings.
    Appetite 2018 May 9;127:280-288. Epub 2018 May 9.
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:
    Food product health warnings have been proposed as a potential obesity prevention strategy. This study examined the effects of text-only and text-and-graphic, negatively and positively framed health warnings on dietary choice behavior. In a 2 × 5 mixed experimental design, 96 participants completed a dietary self-control task. Read More

    Fruit and vegetable intake: Influence of perceived food environment and self-efficacy.
    Appetite 2018 May 9;127:249-256. Epub 2018 May 9.
    Department of Nutrition, Nursing School, Federal University of Minas Gerais. Avenida Alfredo Balena, 190, Room 316, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 30130-100, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Objective: Identify the effects of food environment and self-efficacy perceptions on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study with a representative sample population from a public health service in a Brazilian city. Participants (3414) aged ≥20 years were recruited from 18 Health Academy Program centres via stratified cluster sampling. Read More

    Gauging attitudes and behaviours: Meat consumption and potential reduction.
    Appetite 2018 May 8;127:230-241. Epub 2018 May 8.
    University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, 9016, Dunedin, New Zealand. Electronic address:
    The present study focused on adding to the understanding of meat consumption and potential drivers for its reduction in New Zealand. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and the recently developed Meat-Attachment Questionnaire (MAQ), this study investigated New Zealand consumers' attitudes, motivations and behaviours in regards to meat consumption. Results derive from a questionnaire sent across New Zealand in March 2017, in which 841 responses were obtained from representative consumer panels. Read More

    Binge eating and other eating-related problems in adolescents undergoing gastric bypass: results from a Swedish nationwide study (AMOS).
    Appetite 2018 May 7. Epub 2018 May 7.
    University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Bariatric surgery is established as a treatment option for adolescents with severe obesity. Little is known about binge eating (BE) and other eating-related problems in adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery. BE, emotional eating, uncontrolled eating, and cognitive restraint were assessed at baseline, and one and two years after gastric bypass using questionnaires in 82 adolescents (mean age 16. Read More

    Development and validation of the Dietarian Identity Questionnaire: Assessing self-perceptions of animal-product consumption.
    Appetite 2018 May 7;127:182-194. Epub 2018 May 7.
    Cornell University, United States.
    In navigating decisions about what to eat, people both construct and rely on a food-choice identity. Yet food choice is multifaceted, as people apply different dietary schemas to different types of food, engaging various domains of food-choice identity. In this paper, we focus on dietarian identity: one's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors with respect to consuming or eschewing animal products (here, pertaining to red meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy). Read More

    Pathological and non-pathological variants of restrictive eating behaviors in middle childhood: A latent class analysis.
    Appetite 2018 May 5;127:257-265. Epub 2018 May 5.
    University of Leipzig Medical Center, Integrated Research and Treatment Center AdiposityDiseases, Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Philipp-Rosenthal-Strasse 27, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
    Although restrictive eating behaviors are very common during early childhood, their precise nature and clinical correlates remain unclear. Especially, there is little evidence on restrictive eating behaviors in older children and their associations with children's shape concern. The present population-based study sought to delineate subgroups of restrictive eating patterns in N = 799 7-14 year old children. Read More

    Explaining the relationship between attachment anxiety, eating behaviour and BMI.
    Appetite 2018 May 5;127:214-222. Epub 2018 May 5.
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK. Electronic address:
    Previous research indicates that attachment anxiety (fear of abandonment) is predictive of overeating and higher body mass index (BMI). The current study explored the nature of the mechanisms underpinning this relationship. Study 1 assessed the relative contribution of 'emotional eating', 'susceptibility to hunger' and 'uncontrolled eating'. Read More

    Consumer attitudes and preferences towards pangasius and tilapia: The role of sustainability certification and the country of origin.
    Appetite 2018 May 4;127:171-181. Epub 2018 May 4.
    University of Göttingen, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 5, 37073 Göttingen, Germany,. Electronic address:
    The majority of farmed fish produced in Bangladesh is consumed domestically, while global demand for fish is increasing. Non-tariff barriers resulting from consumers' concerns about sustainability and food safety or attitudes towards the country of origin might be one reason for limited export. The purpose of this study is to analyze consumer preferences for frozen pangasius and tilapia fillets from Bangladesh in order to explore market opportunities in Germany. Read More

    Just add water: Effects of added gastric distention by water on gastric emptying and satiety related brain activity.
    Appetite 2018 May 3;127:195-202. Epub 2018 May 3.
    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University & Research, P.O. Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands; Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Background: Gastric distention contributes to meal termination. There is little research on the neural correlates of gastric distention by food. To date, neural measures have not been obtained concurrently with measurements of gastric distention. Read More

    Plate-clearing tendencies and portion size are independently associated with main meal food intake in women: A laboratory study.
    Appetite 2018 May 4;127:223-229. Epub 2018 May 4.
    Institute of Psychology, Health & Society, University of Liverpool, L69 7ZA, UK. Electronic address:
    Background: Larger portion sizes of food promote increased food intake, although the mechanisms explaining the portion size effect are unclear. In the present study we examined whether the tendency to clear one's plate when eating is associated with greater food intake in response to larger portion size.

    Method: We recruited female participants who were either self-reported habitual plate clearers (N = 48) or non-plate clearers (N = 41) into a laboratory study. Read More

    Selective eating behaviors in children: An observational validation of parental report measures.
    Appetite 2018 May 3;127:163-170. Epub 2018 May 3.
    Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, and Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, 300 N. Ingalls Street, 1109 SE, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5456, USA. Electronic address:
    Selective eating in children is commonly measured by parental report questionnaires, yet it is unknown if parents accurately estimate their child's selective eating behavior. The objectives of this study were to test the validity and stability of two measures of selective eating using observed child behavior. Low-income mother-child dyads participated in a videotaped laboratory eating protocol at two time points (baseline: mean child age = 5. Read More

    The development of basic taste sensitivity and preferences in children.
    Appetite 2018 May 3;127:130-137. Epub 2018 May 3.
    Nofima AS, P.O. Box 210, 1431 Ås, Norway.
    This study aims at understanding how preference and sensitivity to the basic tastes develop in the preschool years, and how the two relate to each other. To expand on the existing literature regarding taste preferences conducted in cross-sectional studies, a longitudinal design was applied with children from age four to six years old. During the springs of 2015, 2016, and 2017, 131 children born in 2011 were tested in their kindergartens. Read More

    The relationship between dietary restraint and binge eating: Examining eating-related self-efficacy as a moderator.
    Appetite 2018 May 1;127:126-129. Epub 2018 May 1.
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia. Electronic address:
    Although dietary restraint has been shown to be a robust predictor of binge eating among women, many women report elevated levels of dietary restraint but do not concurrently exhibit symptoms of binge eating. Moderating variables could therefore interact with dietary restraint to affect its relation to binge eating. One potential factor that may attenuate this relationship is eating-related self-efficacy, defined as the tendency to feel confident in the ability to control eating behaviour under a diverse set of circumstances (e. Read More

    Decreased resting-state BOLD regional homogeneity and the intrinsic functional connectivity within dorsal striatum is associated with greater impulsivity in food-related decision-making and BMI change at 6-month follow up.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 30;127:69-78. Epub 2018 Apr 30.
    Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education), Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China; Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China.
    Increasing animal models as well as brain imaging studies among human suggest an association between substance-related impulsivity in decision-making and decreased function of dorsal striatum. However, the resting-state intrinsic functional organization of dorsal striatum underlying food-choice impulsivity remains unknown. To address this issue, we used resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) to measure brain activity among adult females. Read More

    A multimodal investigation of impulsivity as a moderator of the relation between momentary elevations in negative internal states and subsequent dietary lapses.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 30;127:52-58. Epub 2018 Apr 30.
    Center for Weight, Eating, and Lifestyle Sciences (WELL Center), Drexel University, 3201 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States; Department of Psychology, Drexel University, 3201 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.
    Suboptimal outcomes from behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatments are partially attributable to accumulated instances of non-adherence to dietary prescriptions (i.e., dietary lapses). Read More

    Identifying behavioral phenotypes for childhood obesity.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 27;127:87-96. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Existing programs which aim to prevent and treat childhood obesity often do not take into account individual variation and the underlying mechanisms that impact child eating behavior. Individual differences in children's appetitive traits have been shown to appear as early as during infancy and become more pronounced as children grow older and become more exposed to the obesogenic food environment. Differences in genetic predispositions interacting with factors in children's early environment account in part for individual differences in appetitive traits. Read More

    Towards more sustainable diets: Insights from the food philosophies of "gourmets" and their relevance for policy strategies.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 25;127:59-68. Epub 2018 Apr 25.
    Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Food has become a central focus for the achievement of sustainability objectives. One of the current challenges is that promoting food sustainability requires much more attention to cultural and social contexts and the food philosophies of specific groups of consumers. The present paper focuses on those consumers in the Netherlands who intrinsically appreciate the taste and the quality of food (hereafter "gourmets"). Read More

    "A bumpy road": Kindergarten staff's experiences with an intervention to promote healthy diets in toddlers.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 25;127:37-43. Epub 2018 Apr 25.
    Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, PO Box 422, 4604 Kristiansand, Norway. Electronic address:
    This study explores the experiences of kindergarten staff with a multi-component kindergarten-based intervention, the aims of which were to reduce levels of food neophobia and to promote healthy diets in toddlers (aged 2-3 years). A qualitative design was chosen for the study, and the data are based on three focus group interviews. Altogether, 15 kindergarten staff were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. Read More

    Systematic review and meta-analysis of strategies to increase vegetable consumption in preschool children aged 2-5 years.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 25;127:138-154. Epub 2018 Apr 25.
    School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.
    Background: Most children do not meet daily recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake, and consumption of vegetables remains especially low. Eating habits track from childhood to adulthood hence establishing liking and intake of vegetables is important.

    Objective: To identify the most successful strategies to enhance vegetable intake in preschool children aged 2-5 years. Read More

    An ecological momentary assessment of the effect of fasting during Ramadan on disordered eating behaviors.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 23;127:44-51. Epub 2018 Apr 23.
    Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Victoria, 14-20 Blackwood Street, VIC 3010, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:
    Dietary restriction contributes to disordered eating (DE) behaviors and associated cognitions. However, it is unclear how these outcomes are impacted by dietary restriction for religious purposes, such as fasting observed by Muslims during Ramadan. Using ecological momentary assessment, this study assessed the impact of Ramadan fasting on DE behaviors and correlates. Read More

    What does self-reported "dieting" mean? Evidence from a daily diary study of behavior.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 22;127:79-86. Epub 2018 Apr 22.
    University of New Mexico, Department of Psychology, MSC03-2220, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, United States. Electronic address:
    Dieting is often recommended as a means of weight loss, yet research consistently shows that self-reported dieting does not result in weight loss. Toward resolving this discrepancy, this study assessed the daily dietary intake and weight control strategies of people who self-identified as dieting. College women (N = 266) provided a report of their eating pattern (dieting, "watching what I eat," and/or "eating healthy") followed by three daily diaries (24-hour recalls of dietary intake and weight control strategies) elicited on randomly selected days during a one-month period. Read More

    Examining variability in parent feeding practices within a low-income, racially/ethnically diverse, and immigrant population using ecological momentary assessment.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 21;127:110-118. Epub 2018 Apr 21.
    University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    Background: Current measures of parent feeding practices are typically survey-based and assessed as static/unchanging characteristics, failing to account for fluctuations in these behaviors across time and context. The current study uses ecological momentary assessment to examine variability of, and predictors of, parent feeding practices within a low-income, racially/ethnically diverse, and immigrant sample.

    Methods: Children ages 5-7 years old and their parents (n = 150 dyads) from six racial/ethnic groups (n = 25 from each; Black/African American, Hispanic, Hmong, Native American, Somali, White) were recruited for this mixed-methods study through primary care clinics. Read More

    How people's food disgust sensitivity shapes their eating and food behaviour.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 19;127:28-36. Epub 2018 Apr 19.
    ETH Zurich, Department of Health Science and Technology (D-HEST), Consumer Behaviour, Universitätstrasse 22, Zurich 8092, Switzerland.
    Although research regarding disgust has increased enormously in the last decades, to date there is a lack of published research about the influence of food disgust on various food-related behaviours. Our study aimed to provide an understanding about the relationships between food disgust sensitivity and eating preferences (texture-based food rejection), habits (variety seeking), and behaviours (picky eating) as well as food waste frequency. Additionally, sociodemographic characteristics associated with food disgust sensitivity were examined. Read More

    Single-parenthood and perceived income insufficiency as challenges for meal patterns in childhood.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 17;127:10-20. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
    University of Eastern Finland, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, P.O. Box 1627, 70211, Kuopio, Finland; Hospital District of North Karelia, Tikkamäentie 16, 80210, Joensuu, Finland; National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Health, P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland.
    Family is an important setting for development of eating behaviour in childhood. The aim of this study was to investigate associations and direct and indirect pathways between family socioeconomic position (SEP) factors, family type and meal patterns in childhood on weekdays (4-6 meals a day, breakfast skipping, and family dinner). The cross-sectional LATE study was carried out in Finland in 2007-2009. Read More

    "Everyone just ate good food": 'Good food' in Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 16;127:1-9. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    In recent years, consumption of alternatively produced foods has increased in popularity in response to the deleterious effects of rapidly globalising and industrialised food systems. Concerns over food safety in relation to these changes may result from elevated levels of risk and changing perceptions associated with food production practices. This paper explores how the middle class residents of Islamabad, Pakistan, use the concept of 'good food' to reconnect themselves with nature, changing food systems, and traditional values. Read More

    Too humanlike to increase my appetite: Disposition to anthropomorphize animals relates to decreased meat consumption through empathic concern.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 12;127:21-27. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    University of Warsaw, Poland.
    People who exclude meat from their diets are not only devoid of situational pressures to disengage morally and deny humanlike mental states to animals but also they may be dispositionally more inclined to ascribe human-like qualities to non-human animals than omnivores. The aim of this research was to test whether individual differences in anthropomorphism are related to empathic connection with non-human animals and hence decreased meat consumption. In two studies (N = 588) we confirmed that decreased meat consumption was associated with both increased recognition of human features of animals and increased empathy to animals. Read More

    The effects of scheduled running wheel access on binge-like eating behavior and its consequences.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 11;126:176-184. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:
    Binge eating disorder (BED) is an eating disorder involving repeated, intermittent over consumption of food in brief periods of time, usually with no compensatory behaviors. There are few successful treatments and the underlying neural mechanisms remain unclear. In the current study, we hypothesized that voluntary running wheel (RW) activity could reduce binge-like eating behavior in a rat model. Read More

    The relation between family meals and health of infants and toddlers: A review.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 11;127:97-109. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    Danone Nutricia Research, Uppsalalaan 12, 3584 CT Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
    Family meals are associated with multiple health benefits in children and adolescents including evidence that eating together as a family may play a role in reducing childhood obesity. The current review aims to investigate whether the beneficial health effects of the family meal also apply to infants and toddlers. PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycInfo were searched and 14 empirical studies were identified. Read More

    Satiation deficits and binge eating: Probing differences between bulimia nervosa and purging disorder using an ad lib test meal.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 11;127:119-125. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, United States.
    Purging disorder (PD) has been included as a named condition within the DSM-5 category of Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder and differs from bulimia nervosa (BN) in the absence of binge-eating episodes. The current study evaluated satiation through behavioral and self-report measures to understand how this construct may explain distinct symptom presentations for bulimia nervosa (BN) and purging disorder (PD). Women (N = 119) were recruited from the community if they met DSM-5 criteria for BN (n = 57), PD (n = 31), or were free of eating pathology (n = 31 controls). Read More

    "Mom, quit fat talking-I'm trying to eat (mindfully) here!": Evaluating a sociocultural model of family fat talk, positive body image, and mindful eating in college women.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 9;126:169-175. Epub 2018 Apr 9.
    UNC Charlotte Department of Psychological Science, United States.
    A growing evidence base confirms sociocultural theory's predictions regarding the influence of direct exposure to family factors (e.g., parental commentary) in promoting disordered eating behavior as mediated by negative body image. Read More

    A biopsychosocial model of body image, disordered eating, and breastfeeding among postpartum women.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 9;126:163-168. Epub 2018 Apr 9.
    Speech and Neurodevelopment Lab, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States.
    Background: The aim of the current study was to test a biopsychosocial model of body image, eating, and feeding attitudes among postpartum women. Specifically, the model predicted that desired weight-loss, depressive symptoms, and body surveillance would predict body dissatisfaction and appearance-related barriers to breastfeeding, which in turn would predict maternal disordered eating and breastfeeding self-efficacy.

    Methods: Data from 151 women, mean age = 32. Read More

    A mind cleared by walnut oil: The effects of polyunsaturated and saturated fat on extinction learning.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 7;126:147-155. Epub 2018 Apr 7.
    KULeuven, Health, Behavior and Psychopathology, Belgium. Electronic address:
    The treatment of anxiety-based psychopathology often hinges upon extinction learning. Research in nutritional neuroscience has observed that the regular consumption of perilla oil (50% alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) facilitates extinction learning in rats (Yamamoto et al., 1988). Read More

    Determinants of knowledge and attitudes about sugar and the association of knowledge and attitudes with sugar intake among adults: A systematic review.
    Appetite 2018 Apr 7;126:185-194. Epub 2018 Apr 7.
    School of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; School of Health and Society, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:
    Efforts to reduce sugar intake levels have been primarily limited to increasing knowledge and changing attitudes. We conducted a systematic review to (1) identify factors influencing adults' knowledge and attitudes about sugar, and (2) determine if there is an association between knowledge and attitudes about sugar and sugar intake. We searched 15 electronic databases from inception to December 2016 for English language publications including adults with relevant exposure and outcome measures. Read More

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