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    4687 results match your criteria Appetite [Journal]

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    The impact of price and nutrition labelling on sugary drink purchases: Results from an experimental marketplace study.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 13. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada. Electronic address:
    Objective: To examine the effect of front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labelling and sugary drink taxation on consumer beverage purchases.

    Methods: A total of 675 respondents aged 16 years and older participated in an experimental marketplace study using a 4 × 5 within-between group design. Participants were randomised to one of four labelling conditions (no label; star rating; high sugar symbol; health warning) and completed five within-subject purchase tasks. Read More

    Factors influencing food choice of athletes at international competition events.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 13. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    The School of Health and Sport Sciences, The University of the Sunshine Coast, QLD, Australia.
    Although the nutrient requirements and dietary intake of athletes have been thoroughly investigated, little is known about the influences on their food choice, particularly prior to and during competition. This study sought to investigate factors that influence food selection of athletes at two similar international competition events: the Melbourne 2006 and Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games. A secondary aim was to explore differences in these factors between at each event given the culturally diverse locations. Read More

    Tap versus bottled water consumption: The influence of social norms, affect and image on consumer choice.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 13. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    ETH Zurich, Institute for Environmental Decisions (IED), Consumer Behaviour, Universitätstrasse 22, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    What drives consumers to choose bottled water instead of tap water where the latter is safe, accessible, costs far less, and in spite of its environmental impacts? This research investigates the influence of hitherto unexplored psychological drivers in an attempt to generate a more holistic understanding of the phenomenon, and strategies for designing more effective consumption reduction campaigns. Using data from an internet survey of Swiss and German respondents (N = 849) we investigated the role of, social norms, affect and image on water consumption. Results suggest that these psychological factors play a role in water consumption choice. Read More

    Dietary patterns in Mexican children and adolescents: Characterization and relation with socioeconomic and home environment factors.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 11. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    Department of Epigenetics, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico. Electronic address:
    Background: Eating habits in children and adolescents are influenced by multiple determinants, which include socioeconomic and home environmental factors.

    Objective: To characterize the dietary patterns in Mexican children and adolescents and to assess its association with socioeconomic and home environmental factors.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 878 children and adolescents aged 5-15 years, unrelated, selected randomly from Morelos Sports Unit at north of Mexico City. Read More

    Healthier vending machines in a university setting: Effective and financially sustainable.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 11. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, 650 Charles Young Dr. S., 31-269 CHS, Box 951772, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA; UCLA School of Medicine, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address:

    Food bundling as a health nudge: Investigating consumer fruit and vegetable selection using behavioral economics.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 11. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    Department of Consumer Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. Electronic address:
    Displaying bundles of healthy foods at the grocery store is a health nudge that simplifies shopping and may have the potential for increasing fruit and vegetable (F&V) purchasing. To evaluate the impact of food bundling, we conduct an artefactual field experiment with community participants in a laboratory set up as a grocery store. Dual-self theory suggests that food choices may differ depending on whether shoppers are under cognitive load - in our experiment, we exogenously vary whether bundles are displayed (with and without a price discount) and whether shoppers are under cognitive load. Read More

    Life course, sociocultural factors and disordered eating in adult Mexican women.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 9. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Mexico, Calz México-Xochimilco 101, Huipulco, 14370 Ciudad de México, Mexico. Electronic address:
    Disordered eating (DE) can appear in women of all ages and in diverse sociocultural contexts, however most research focuses on younger women in higher income countries. The purpose of this article was to explore the association of life course markers with DE, considering the effects of sociocultural factors, in a sample of adult women in Tijuana, Mexico. We employed data from a household survey (n = 2322) conducted in 2014, to evaluate the associations of DE with age, occupation, marital status and having children (life course markers), and indicators of social position and exposure to modernization (sociocultural factors). Read More

    Family meals then and now: A qualitative investigation of intergenerational transmission of family meal practices in a racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant population.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 8. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States.
    Having frequent family meals has consistently been associated with better health outcomes in children/adolescents. It is important to identify how intergenerational transmission of family meal practices occurs to help families benefit from family meals. Limited studies exist that explore the intergenerational transmission of family meal practices, particularly among racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant populations. Read More

    Resource forecasting: Differential effects of glucose taste and ingestion on delay discounting and self-control.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 7;121:101-110. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Basic Biomedical Sciences, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA; Center for Brain and Behavior Research, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA.
    We tested a novel hypothesis that glucose taste acts as a signal for resource acquisition, motivating preference for immediate rewards while actual glucose ingestion prompts resource conservation, promoting future-orientated self-regulation. In Study 1, participants were engaged in a delay-discounting task and a grip-control task before and after a beverage intervention (glucose drink, water drink, or glucose mouth-rinse). Glucose ingestion decreased delay discounting, making larger-and-later rewards more attractive. Read More

    Is it better at home with my family? The effects of people and place on children's eating behavior.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 6;121:111-118. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Department of Medicine, Internal Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Rue du Bugnon 46, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland; Swiss School of Public Health+, Switzerland.
    The people and places children eat with can influence food consumption. This study investigates the people and places Swiss school-aged children ate with over a 7-day period and analyses the effects of eating at home with family on food consumption. Children completed a 7-day food diary documenting the foods they consumed, the people with whom they ate, and the place where they ate. Read More

    Negative eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescents: The role of parental control and perceived peer support.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 4;121:77-82. Epub 2017 Nov 4.
    Department of Psychological and Educational Science, University of Palermo, Viale delle Science, ed. 15, 90128, Palermo, Italy.
    In the present study, we examined from a longitudinal perspective the relationship between parental (both maternal and paternal) psychological control, perceived peer support, and negative eating attitudes and behaviors, focusing on the moderating role that perceived peer support may play in the relationship between parental psychological control in early adolescence and negative eating attitudes and behaviors in late adolescence. In Wave 1, participants were 507 adolescents (249 boys and 258 girls) aged from 14 to 15 years (M = 14.76; SD = 0. Read More

    Guilty pleasures: The effect of perceived overeating on food addiction attributions and snack choice.
    Appetite 2017 Oct 28;121:9-17. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, L69 7ZA, UK.
    Despite being widely debated throughout the scientific community, the concept of food addiction remains a popular explanation for overeating and obesity amongst the lay public. Overeating is often accompanied by feelings of guilt and dietary concern, and this may lead people to attribute their eating to an addiction in order to minimise personal responsibility. Research also indicates that food addiction attributions and dietary concern may lead people to limit their exposure to tempting foods. Read More

    Vegetarian or meat? Food choice modeling of main dishes occurs outside of awareness.
    Appetite 2017 Oct 27;121:50-54. Epub 2017 Oct 27.
    University of British Columbia, Canada. Electronic address:
    It is well established that the amount eaten by other people affects how much we eat, but unanswered questions exist regarding how much the food choices of other people affect the types of food that we choose. Past research on food choice modeling has primarily been conducted in controlled laboratory situations and has focused on snack foods. The current research examines the extent to which food choice modeling of a main dish occurs in a real-life context and whether people are aware of being influenced by others. Read More

    The role of smell, taste, flavour and texture cues in the identification of vegetables.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 8;121:69-76. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, PO Box 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    It has been shown that the identification of many foods including vegetables based on flavour cues is often difficult. The effect of providing texture cues in addition to flavour cues on the identification of foods and the effect of providing taste cues only on the identification of foods have not been studied. The aim of this study was to assess the role of smell, taste, flavour and texture cues in the identification of ten vegetables commonly consumed in The Netherlands (broccoli, cauliflower, French bean, leek, bell pepper, carrot, cucumber, iceberg lettuce, onion and tomato). Read More

    Copycat snacks: Can students differentiate between school and store snacks?
    Appetite 2017 Oct 28;121:63-68. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
    The University of Mississippi, Department of Nutrition and Hospitality Management, United States. Electronic address:
    In 2014, the national Smart Snacks in School nutrition standards placed regulations on all snack foods sold in schools. Many food companies reformulated common snack food products for sale in schools, called "copycat snacks", which look similar to nutritionally different foods sold in stores. It is possible that these snacks create consumer confusion among students. Read More

    Preference for tap, bottled, and recycled water: Relations to PTC taste sensitivity and personality.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 2. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    University of California Riverside, 900 University Ave., Riverside, CA 92521, United States. Electronic address:
    This study investigated people's preferences for different water sources and factors that predict such preferences using a blind taste test. Water preferences of 143 participants for one name-brand bottled water, one groundwater-sourced tap water, and one indirect potable reuse (IDR) water were assessed. For predictors of water preference, we measured each participant's PTC taste sensitivity and assessed two personality traits (Neuroticism, Openness to Experience). Read More

    The effect of mindful eating on subsequent intake of a high calorie snack.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 9;121:93-100. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    City, University of London, Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Whiskin Street, London EC1R 0JD, UK. Electronic address:
    This study examined the effects of applying a mindful eating strategy during lunch on subsequent intake of a palatable snack. It also looked at whether this effect occurred due to improved memory for lunch and whether effects varied with participant gender, level of interoceptive awareness or sensitivity to reward. Participants (n = 51) completed a heartbeat perception task to assess interoceptive awareness. Read More

    Food and beverage consumption and food addiction among women in the nurses' health studies.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 1. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States; Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York, NY, United States. Electronic address:
    Background And Aims: Previous studies have not addressed a fundamental component of a food addiction disorder: the compulsive relationship between eating and potentially positively reinforcing foods. We aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption and food addiction.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: We conducted cross-sectional analyses merging data from the Nurses' Health Study (n = 58,625) and Nurses' Health Study II (n = 65,063), two prospective cohort studies of female nurses in the United States. Read More

    Does front-of-pack nutrition information improve consumer ability to make healthful choices? Performance of warnings and the traffic light system in a simulated shopping experiment.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 2;121:55-62. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Centro de Investigación Básica en Psicología, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de la República, Tristán Narvaja 1674, CP 11200 Montevideo, Uruguay; Sensometrics & Consumer Science, Instituto Polo Tecnológico de Pando, Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República, By Pass de Rutas 8 y 101 s/n, C.P. 91000 Pando, Canelones, Uruguay. Electronic address:
    The inclusion of more attention-grabbing and easily interpretable front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition information is one of the public policies that can be implemented to empower consumers to identify unhealthful food products and to make more informed food choices. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the influence of two FOP nutrition labelling schemes - the traffic light labelling and the warning scheme - on consumer food purchases when facing a health goal. The study was conducted with 1182 people from Montevideo (Uruguay), recruited using a Facebook advertisement. Read More

    Prospects for pro-environmental protein consumption in Europe: Cultural, culinary, economic and psychological factors.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 2;121:29-40. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    The current ratio between plant and animal protein in the Western diet is causing serious threats to both public health and the environment. Healthy, pro-environmental protein consumption requires a transition to a diet with more plant protein and considerably less animal protein. The present paper focuses on the prospects of this transition by analyzing consumer responses to some key options in the context of regional differences across Europe. Read More

    Intergenerational mobility and omnivorism in eating.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 9;121:83-92. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland. Electronic address:
    Drawing on three hypotheses concerned with cultural consequences of social mobility, we investigate whether intergenerational class mobility influences omnivorism in eating, regarded as a new dimension of lifestyle. Using data from a national survey carried out in Poland in 2013 and diagonal reference models, we find most support for the hypothesis of maximization saying that upward mobility encourages conformity to the habits of the class of destination. It shows that in Poland, as in other societies, the upwardly mobile tend to align their behaviour with that of their highest status reference group. Read More

    Remembering food insecurity: Low-income parents' perspectives on childhood experiences and implications for measurement.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 2;121:1-8. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Cornell University, Division of Nutritional Sciences, 119 Savage Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address:
    The objective of this study was to explore how low-income parents recall and describe childhood experiences with food insecurity. Little is known about how adults remember food insecurity experienced in childhood, yet there are potential implications for subsequent behavior including parents' willingness and ability to adopt recommended child feeding practices. To guide development of a measure of previous childhood food insecurity for research and screening purposes, we conducted interviews exploring parents' emic perspectives on these early life course experiences and reactions to potential survey items. Read More

    Mother natural: Motivations and associations for consuming natural foods.
    Appetite 2017 Nov 3;121:18-28. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    Radford University, 386 College of Business and Economics, Radford, VA 24141, USA. Electronic address:
    Natural is perceived as innately positive and is a widely sought-after attribute in food products. The natural food industry continues to grow in response to rising consumer demand. This qualitative study explored mothers' motivations for purchasing and consuming natural food products for themselves and their families. Read More

    Parent packs, child eats: Surprising results of Lunch is in the Bag's efficacy trial.
    Appetite 2017 Oct 24. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Nutritional Sciences, School of Human Ecology, The University of Texas at Austin, 200 W, 24th Street, A2700, Austin, TX 78712-1247, United States. Electronic address:
    Early care and education (ECE) centers that require lunch brought from home provide an uncluttered view of parent-child dietary interactions in early childhood. Children's eating from parent-provided bag lunches was observed at 30 ECE centers in Texas, with 15 randomly assigned to the Lunch is in the Bag intervention to improve the lunch meal and 15 to a wait-list control condition. Study participants were parent and child aged 3-5 years (N = 633 dyads). Read More

    Dual trajectories of breakfast eating and fruit and vegetable intake over a 5-year follow-up period among economically disadvantaged children: Gender differences.
    Appetite 2017 Oct 24;121:41-49. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Institute of Health and Welfare Policy, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:
    Breakfast eating (BE) seems to be cross-sectionally associated with fruit and vegetable intake (FVI). To date, gender differences in any codevelopment between BE and FVI, as well as their associated factors, have not been examined. The objectives of this study were (1) to identify dual trajectories of BE and FVI among economically disadvantaged boys and girls; and (2) to examine potential associated factors of identified dual trajectories by gender. Read More

    The experiences and perceptions of food banks amongst users in high-income countries: An international scoping review.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 24;120:698-708. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Department of Public Health, School of Health Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Food banks have become the main response to food insecurity in many high-income countries, but it has been argued that they lack the capacity to respond consistently and fully to the food needs of the people who use them. This literature review set out to answer the question 'how do food bank recipients experience food relief services and how does this impact their lives and wellbeing?'

    Results: A comprehensive search of electronic databases yielded twenty qualitative studies, conducted in developed countries, exploring user perspectives of food banks. From the studies reviewed, there emerged three main categories that represented the different aspects of the food bank process from the food bank user's perspective: the user's perceptions about the idea of being fed from food banks, the user's perceptions about food bank offerings and operations, and the socio-psychological impact of receiving food from food banks. Read More

    High definition transcranial pink noise stimulation of anterior cingulate cortex on food craving: An explorative study.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 24;120:673-678. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand. Electronic address:
    Dysfunctional neural activity in the cortical reward system network has been implicated in food addiction. This is the first study exploring the potential therapeutic effects of high definition transcranial pink noise stimulation (HD-tPNS) targeted at the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) on craving and brain activity in women with obesity who showed features of food addiction (Yale Food Addiction Scale score of ≥3). Sixteen eligible females participated in a randomized, double-blind, parallel group study. Read More

    'Snack' versus 'meal': The impact of label and place on food intake.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 23;120:666-672. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    School of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK. Electronic address:
    Eating behaviour is influenced by both cognitions and triggers in the environment. The potential difference between a 'snack' and a 'meal' illustrates these factors and the way in which they interact, particularly in terms of the label used to describe food and the way it is presented. To date no research has specifically explored the independent and combined impact of label and presentation on eating behaviour. Read More

    Uncontrolled eating in adolescents: The role of impulsivity and automatic approach bias for food.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 21;120:636-643. Epub 2017 Oct 21.
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, UK.
    Obesity is a global problem reaching epidemic proportions and can be explained by unhealthy eating and sedentary lifestyles. Understanding the psychological processes underlying unhealthy eating behaviour is crucial for the development of effective obesity prevention programmes. Dual-process models implicate the interplay between impaired cognitive control and enhanced automatic responsivity to rewarding food cues as key risk factors. Read More

    Daily distribution of free healthy school meals or food-voucher intervention? Perceptions and attitudes of parents and educators.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 20;120:627-635. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, Environmental & Occupational Health, Prolepsis, 7 Fragoklisias Str., Maroussi, 15125, Greece; Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 75 Mikras Asias Str., Athens, 11527, Greece. Electronic address:
    Aims: To qualitatively evaluate the optimal intervention (food-voucher approach vs. free daily meal distribution), aimed at reducing food insecurity and promoting healthy eating among students attending public schools in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas.

    Methods: We randomly assigned 34 schools to one of the two interventions: students in 17 schools received a daily lunch-box and parents in the other 17 schools received a food voucher of equal value once a month. Read More

    Alcohol representations are socially situated: An investigation of beverage representations by using a property generation task.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 20;120:654-665. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
    Previous research suggests that people's representations of alcoholic beverages play an important role in drinking behavior. However, relatively little is known about the contents of these representations. Here, we introduce the property generation task as a tool to explore these representations in detail. Read More

    Shaping children's healthy eating habits with food placements? Food placements of high and low nutritional value in cartoons, Children's BMI, food-related parental mediation strategies, and food choice.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 19;120:644-653. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    Advertising and Media Effects Research Group, University of Vienna, Währingerstr. 29, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:
    Research on media induced food choices of children has not sufficiently investigated whether food placements of snacks high in nutritional value can strengthen children's healthy eating behavior. Furthermore, we lack knowledge about the moderating role of children's individual characteristics such as parental food-related mediation or BMI. The current study combines data from an experiment involving children with a survey of their parents. Read More

    Failing to pay heed to health warnings in a food-associated environment.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 18;120:616-626. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Amsterdam Brain and Cognition (ABC), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    People often fail to adhere to food-related health information. Increasing evidence suggests that environmental stimuli interfere with good intentions by triggering choices relatively automatically. Using a Pavlovian-instrumental transfer (PIT) task, we examined whether food-associated stimuli reduce health warnings' effectiveness. Read More

    The relationship between gluten free diet adherence and depressive symptoms in adults with coeliac disease: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 16;120:578-588. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Baddiley-Clark Building, Richardson Rd, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE2 4AX, UK; Centre for Behaviour Change, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, Fitzrovia, London, WC1E 7HB, UK. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Depressive symptoms are common in patients with coeliac disease (CD) and may represent a barrier to gluten free diet (GFD) adherence. The aims of this meta-analysis were: (1) to synthesise the evidence on the relationship between depression or depressive symptoms and degree of adherence to a GFD in patients with CD who are already attempting a GFD (i.e. Read More

    Dietary disinhibition mediates the relationship between poor sleep quality and body weight.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 16;120:602-608. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Psychological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Department of Medicine and Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
    Background: Inadequate sleep independently influences eating habits and weight status. However, the relationship between these three factors has not been well quantified. The objective of this study was to examine if eating behavior (i. Read More

    Undervalued and ignored: Are humans poorly adapted to energy-dense foods?
    Appetite 2018 Jan 14;120:589-595. Epub 2017 Oct 14.
    Nutrition and Behaviour Unit, School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol, BS8 1TU, UK.
    In many species the capacity to accurately differentiate the energy density (kcal/g) of foods is critical because it greatly improves efficiency in foraging. In modern humans this ability remains intact and is expressed in a selective preference for types of fruit and vegetables that contain more calories. However, humans evolved consuming these low energy-dense foods (typically < 1. Read More

    Fetal growth interacts with multilocus genetic score reflecting dopamine signaling capacity to predict spontaneous sugar intake in children.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 14;120:596-601. Epub 2017 Oct 14.
    Ludmer Centre for Neuroinformatics and Mental Health, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Sackler Program for Epigenetics & Psychobiology at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Background: We have shown that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) leads to increased preference for palatable foods at different ages in both humans and rodents. In IUGR rodents, altered striatal dopamine signaling associates with a preference for palatable foods.

    Objectives: Our aim was to investigate if a multilocus genetic score reflecting dopamine-signaling capacity is differently associated with spontaneous palatable food intake in children according to the fetal growth status. Read More

    The moderating effects of acculturation on the relation of parenting strategies to unhealthy weight control behaviors in Hispanic daughters.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 12;120:557-564. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Department of Psychological, Health, & Learning Sciences, University of Houston, 3657 Cullen Boulevard Room 491, Houston, TX 77204-5029, USA. Electronic address:
    There is a dearth of research regarding the association of child and parent traits to the use of unhealthy weight control behaviors among minority girls with obesity. This study examined the moderating effects of mothers' and daughters' acculturation in the relation of parenting strategies (setting limits, monitoring and discipline) to unhealthy weight control behaviors in Hispanic girls with obesity. Participants included 148 Hispanic mother-daughter dyads (Mage = 39. Read More

    Exploring young adult perspectives on the use of gamification and social media in a smartphone platform for improving vegetable intake.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 12;120:547-556. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    The University of Sydney, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Charles Perkins Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, 2006, Australia.
    Young adults are the poorest consumers of vegetables. Social media and smartphones are frequently used by this demographic and could serve as an engaging medium for nutrition promotion. Five focus groups were conducted to capture participants' perceptions of a theory-based gamified self-monitoring app for improving vegetable intake of young adults. Read More

    Short-term exposure to bisphenol A affects water and salt intakes differently in male and ovariectomised female rats.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 13;120:709-715. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    Departamento de Biología Funcional, Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Oviedo, Spain.
    Thirst and sodium appetite are motivational states that lead to the search for and ingestion of water and sodium, thus contributing to maintenance of hydromineral balance. Oestrogens affect fluid intake and sodium preference. Bisphenol A (BPA) is an environmental endocrine-disrupting substance with oestrogenic activity. Read More

    Impact of type, size and shape of plates on hospital patients' perceptions of the quality of meals and satisfaction with foodservices.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 10;120:523-526. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    The University of Queensland, Australia.
    Hospital meals are important for supporting nutrition goals and the overall hospital experience. The aim of this study was to assess if patients' perceptions of quality attributes of hot meals were impacted by the type of plate on which the meal was served. Eligible patients selected from medical and/or surgical wards at a 929 bed acute care hospital were randomised to receive hot meals served on either ceramic or disposable plates at eight evening meals. Read More

    Are emotionally driven and addictive-like eating behaviors the missing links between psychological distress and greater body weight?
    Appetite 2018 Jan 10;120:536-546. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    CESP, INSERM, University Paris-Sud, UVSQ, University Paris-Saclay, 94800, Villejuif, France; Psychiatry Unit, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, 75014, Paris, France.
    There is now a large body of evidence suggesting a significant association between emotional discomfort management, disordered eating behaviors and weight status. In the field of overweight and obesity, emotionally driven eating habits that resemble addictive behaviors are considered as a risk factor. This study aimed to investigate in a large sample of French university students 1) the associations between self-reported levels of psychological distress (PD), emotional eating (EE), food addiction (FA) and Body Mass Index (BMI); and 2) the potential mediation effect of eating behaviors (EE and FA) between PD and BMI. Read More

    Eating behavior traits associated with demographic variables and implications for obesity outcomes in early childhood.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 9;120:482-490. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. Electronic address:
    Despite ongoing investigation of children's eating behaviors to better understand the etiology of childhood obesity, few studies have aimed to determine differences in eating behavior based on psycho-social variables reflective of 'stressful' life circumstance. Cross-sectional data collected from parents of 977 Australian children (2.0-5. Read More

    Visually suboptimal bananas: How ripeness affects consumer expectation and perception.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 7;120:472-481. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Chair of Food Engineering, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany. Electronic address:
    One reason for the significant amount of food that is wasted in developed countries is that consumers often expect visually suboptimal food as being less palatable. Using bananas as example, the objective of this study was to determine how appearance affects consumer overall liking, the rating of sensory attributes, purchase intention, and the intended use of bananas. The ripeness degree (RD) of the samples was adjusted to RD 5 (control) and RD 7 (more ripened, visually suboptimal). Read More

    The longitudinal link between mothers' and adolescents' snacking: The moderating role of television viewing.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 7;120:565-570. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    A large proportion of adolescents eats too many energy-dense snacks, which is detrimental for their current and future health. To understand how to promote healthy dietary behaviors in adolescents, we need to identify factors that affect their snacking. While previous cross-sectional work has shown mother-child similarities in eating behavior, longitudinal studies are lacking. Read More

    Clustering of multiple energy balance related behaviors is associated with body fat composition indicators in adolescents: Results from the HELENA and ELANA studies.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 7;120:505-513. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de Zaragoza, Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón), Zaragoza, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Spain.
    The objective of this study was to identify clustering patterns of four energy balance-related behaviors (EBRB): television (TV) watching, moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V), and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), among European and Brazilian adolescents. EBRB associations with different body fat composition indicators were then evaluated. Participants included adolescents from eight European countries in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescents) study (n = 2,057, 53. Read More

    Evaluation of a pilot sensory play intervention to increase fruit acceptance in preschool children.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 7;120:609-615. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Division of Psychology, Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, Hawthorn Building, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH, United Kingdom.
    Recent research has found an association between dislike of messy play and higher levels of food neophobia in children. The aim of the present study was to pilot and assess a five week intervention with preschool children, to examine whether engagement in tactile sensory tasks leads to increased fruit acceptance. Interventions were carried out to examine whether weekly sessions of sensory play combined with fruit exposure, would increase acceptance and enjoyment of fruits to a greater extent than two non-sensory play conditions featuring fruit exposure or normal play activities alone. Read More

    Spicing up your advice for South Asian and Anglo-Australians with type 2 diabetes and CVD: Do cultural constructions of diet matter?
    Appetite 2018 Jan 7;120:679-697. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:
    South Asians are a growing migrant population, both globally and in Australia. This group are at higher risk for both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this qualitative study was to compare dietary practices of South Asians, n = 41 (Indian, n = 25; Sri Lankan, n = 16) and Anglo-Australians, n = 16, with these conditions, using semi-structured in-depth interviews. Read More

    Comparing parents' and overweight adolescents' reports on parent mealtime actions.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 6;120:464-471. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    Division of Nutrology, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Loefgreen, 1647, Vila Clementino, 04040-032, São Paulo SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    This study aimed to compare answers given by parents and their adolescent children to the Portuguese version of the Parent Mealtime Action Scale (PMAS) and to assess associations among the reported behaviors. To compare these answers, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 72 patients of the Obesity Clinic of the Division of Nutrology of the Pediatrics Department at the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), Brazil. These patients were aged from 10 years to 19 years and 11 months, and their parents or legal guardians also participated. Read More

    The effects of overnight nutrient intake on hypothalamic inflammation in a free-choice diet-induced obesity rat model.
    Appetite 2018 Jan 5;120:527-535. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Academic Medical Center (AMC), University of Amsterdam (UvA), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Laboratory of Endocrinology, Department of Clinical Chemistry, AMC, UvA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Metabolism and Reward Group, Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, An Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
    Consumption of fat and sugar induces hyperphagia and increases the prevalence of obesity and diabetes type 2. Low-grade inflammation in the hypothalamus, a key brain area involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis is shown to blunt signals of satiety after long term high fat diet. The fact that this mechanism can be activated after a few days of hyperphagia before apparent obesity is present led to our hypothesis that hypothalamic inflammation is induced with fat and sugar consumption. Read More

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