1,285 results match your criteria Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease


The pulsatile 3D-Hemodynamics in a doubly afflicted human descending abdominal artery with iliac branching.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2022 Jun 21:1-20. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Cardiology, Institute of Medical Science, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The study of patient-specific human arterial flow dynamics is well known to face challenges like a) apt geometric modelling, b) bifurcation zone meshing, and c) capturing the hemodynamic prone to variations with multiple disease complications. Due to aneurysms and stenosis in the same arterial network, the blood flow dynamics get affected, which needs to be explored. This study develops a new protocol for accurate geometric modelling, bifurcation zone meshing and numerically investigates the arterial network with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and right internal iliac stenosis (RIIAS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Aortoiliac occlusive disease.

Semin Vasc Surg 2022 Jun 20;35(2):162-171. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 780 Welch Road, Suite CJ350-B, Palo Alto, CA 94304. Electronic address:

Aortoiliac occlusive disease, or peripheral artery disease affecting the suprainguinal vessels, can lead to a range of clinical symptoms from claudication to more severe, chronic limb-threatening ischemia. Although open surgical reconstruction has traditionally been the reference standard, endovascular options have become significantly more robust in recent years, owing to both improved devices and increasing experience with advanced techniques. This review will discuss the demographics, presentation, and evaluation of chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease, as well as explore the options, both open and endovascular, for revascularization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Aortoiliac Occlusion Disease.

Aorta (Stamford) 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Advanced Technology Department of Diagnostic and Therapy, Radiology and Interventional Radiology Unit, Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale Santi Paolo and Carlo - San Carlo Borromeo Hospital, Milano, Italy.

Leriche syndrome is characterized by abdominal aorta and/or bilateral iliac occlusive disease, with a triad of clinical symptoms and signs such as claudication, erectile dysfunction, and decreased distal pulses. Diagnostic imaging is one of the key factors for diagnosis of the anatomic origin of the Leriche symptoms. We report the case of a 56-year-old man with diagnosis of abdominal aorta and bilateral iliac occlusive disease with a wide collateral vascular network. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gender Disparities in Aorto-iliac Revascularization in Patients with Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease.

Ann Vasc Surg 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Vascular Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill NC. Electronic address:

Introduction: Gender disparities have been previously reported in aortic aneurysm and critical limb ischemia outcomes; however, limited info is known about disparities in aorto-iliac occlusive disease. We sought to characterize potential disparities in this specific population.

Material And Methods: Patients who underwent aorto-bifemoral bypass and aortic thromboendarterectomy (CPT codes: 35646, 35331) between 2012 and 2019 were identified in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trends in annual open abdominal aortic surgical volumes for vascular trainees compared with annual national volumes in the endovascular era.

J Vasc Surg 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Objective: A prior analysis predicted a shortfall in open abdominal aortic repair (OAR) experience for vascular trainees resulting from the rapid adoption, and increased anatomic suitability, of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) technology. We explored how EVAR has transformed contemporary open aortic surgical education for vascular trainees.

Methods: We examined the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education case volumes of open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and reconstruction for aortoiliac occlusive disease via aortoiliac or femoral bypass (AFB) from integrated vascular surgery residents (VSRs) and fellows (VSFs) graduating from 2006 to 2017 and compared them to the national estimates of total OAR (open AAA repair plus AFB) in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality National Inpatient Sample using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th and 10th revision, procedural codes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Procalcitonin kinetics following abdominal aortic surgery and its value for postoperative intestinal ischaemia detection.

Vascular 2022 May 20:17085381221102812. Epub 2022 May 20.

Central European Institute of Technology, 37748Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Objective: The purpose of our study was to describe perioperative kinetics of procalcitonin (PCT) in patients undergoing aortic surgery, to compare the kinetics in the open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and aortobifemoral bypass for aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD), and to evaluate the ability of PCT to detect intestinal ischaemia.

Methods: A prospective non-randomized observational cohort study in 80 patients (62 men and 18 women) undergoing elective aortic surgery was performed. Serum PCT was measured at baseline and defined intraoperative and postoperative timepoints up to postoperative day 7. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Aortobifemoral bypass for occlusive aortic disease in a patient with a duplicate inferior vena cava.

J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech 2022 Jun 11;8(2):261-264. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, West Virginia University, Charleston Area Medical Center, Charleston, WV.

We present the case of a 66-year-old woman with severe aortoiliac occlusive disease (TASC-D) and an incidental finding of a left sided inferior vena cava, discovered on the preoperative computed tomography scan. This uncommon congenital finding can create intraoperative challenges to the vascular surgeon. In this case report, we have described this anatomic variant and elaborated on our surgical technique to suggest a few tips and tricks for addressing these cases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Blood Flow Quantification with High-Frame-Rate, Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Velocimetry in Stented Aortoiliac Arteries: In Vivo Feasibility.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Physics of Fluids Group, TechMed Centre, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Local flow patterns influence stent patency, while blood flow quantification in stents is challenging. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of 2-D blood flow quantification using high-frame-rate, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (HFR-CEUS) and particle image velocimetry (PIV), or echoPIV, in patients with aortoiliac stents. HFR-CEUS measurements were performed at 129 locations in 62 patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Open axillary approach alternative access for stenting of external iliac total occlusion.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Jun 7;17(6):1959-1962. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Department of Surgery, Kuala Lumpur Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

A primary endovascular approach is the mainstay of intervention for type C aortoiliac disease. When the femoral artery is unsuitable, upper extremity access can be critical in the setting of severe tortuosity or occlusive disease. The axillary artery represents alternative upper extremity access that may accommodate larger sheath sizes for therapeutic interventions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

When the aortoiliac bifucation is occluded:Leriche syndrome.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Mar 25;75:103413. Epub 2022 Feb 25.

Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ibn Zohr University of Agadir, Morocco.

Intoduction: Leriche syndrome is a special type of obliterating arterial disease of the lower limbs which results in thrombotic occlusion of the aortoiliac junction.

Case Report: We report the case of a 65-year-old patient with known cardiovascular and nephrological pathological history, who presented with acute abdominal pain with intermittent claudication of the lower limbs and in whom clinical examination found abolition of the femoral pulses.

Discussion: Doppler ultrasound of the abdominal aorta revealed aortic thrombosis in the lower of the renal segment extended to the iliac bifurcation with damping of upstream circulatory speeds. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fate of Asymptomatic Limb after Kissing Stents in Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease.

Vasc Specialist Int 2022 Mar 31;38. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Purpose: Kissing stent angioplasty is an established endovascular treatment strategy for stenosis at the aortic bifurcation but not without its detractors. This study aimed to analyze the outcomes of kissing stents with regard to stent occlusion and complications in which an asymptomatic limb was treated.

Materials And Methods: A total of 106 patients undergoing aortic bifurcation intervention from January 2015 to November 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Chimney Graft Preservation of Inferior Mesenteric Artery during Endovascular Repair of Aortoiliac Occlusive Atherosclerotic Disease.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2022 Mar 24. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic Health Systems in Eau Claire, 1221 Whipple St, Eau Claire, WI, 54703.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Deep inferior epigastric artery as a collateral pathway to the lower extremities: A case report.

JPRAS Open 2022 Jun 23;32:13-17. Epub 2022 Jan 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University.

We describe a patient in whom the deep inferior epigastric artery served as a collateral pathway to the lower extremities, and free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap transfer was successfully used for reconstruction instead of the originally planned free rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap. A 74-year-old woman underwent subtotal tongue resection, followed by free flap tongue reconstruction for tongue cancer. Reconstruction using a free rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap was considered; however, preoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed complete occlusion of the bilateral external iliac arteries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Quality of Life (QoL) Assessment in the Patients Operated with Either Laparoscopic or an Open Aortobifemoral Bypass for Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease (AIOD): 2 Years Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2022 19;18:61-71. Epub 2022 Feb 19.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: QoL assessment within surgical treatment is seldom investigated and sparsely reported in the medical literature. This study aimed to compare QoL in a randomized fashion in the patients treated with either a laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass (LABFB) or an open aortobifemoral bypass (OABFB) for the treatment of AIOD.

Patients And Methods: Seventy-one consecutive patients with AIOD, Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II Type D lesions (TASC II, Type D) were randomized to LABFB or OABFB. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Perioperative care in open aortic vascular surgery: A consensus statement by the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society and Society for Vascular Surgery.

J Vasc Surg 2022 Jun 16;75(6):1796-1820. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Procedure Sedation and Analgesia, Martini General Hospital Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

The Society for Vascular Surgery and the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society formally collaborated and elected an international, multidisciplinary panel of experts to review the literature and provide evidence-based recommendations related to all the health care received in the perioperative period for patients undergoing open abdominal aortic operations (both transabdominal and retroperitoneal approaches, including supraceliac, suprarenal, and infrarenal clamp sites) for aortic aneurysm and aortoiliac occlusive disease. Structured around the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery core elements, 36 recommendations were made and organized into preadmission, preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative recommendations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Stenting of the caudal aorta and aortic trifurcation for the treatment of thrombosis in 7 dogs.

J Vet Intern Med 2022 Mar 7;36(2):441-450. Epub 2022 Feb 7.

Department of Interventional Radiology and Endoscopy, Animal Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Aortic and aortoiliac thrombosis in dogs causes disease and death.

Objective: To describe the procedure and outcomes for stenting the caudal aorta and aortoiliac trifurcation.

Animals: Seven client-owned dogs that underwent aortic/aortoiliac stenting for treatment of thrombosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Leriche syndrome diagnosed due to polytrauma: a case report.

Int J Emerg Med 2022 Feb 4;15(1). Epub 2022 Feb 4.

Advanced Critical Care Center, Gifu University Hospital, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, Japan.

Background: Leriche syndrome is caused by atherosclerosis and is often characterized by symptoms such as intermittent claudication and numbness and coldness of the lower limbs. Its exact prevalence and incidence are unknown because it is a rare disease. We report a case of Leriche syndrome diagnosed incidentally on trauma pan-scan computed tomography (CT). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Endovascular Repair of Narrow Distal Aortas Using an In Situ Fenestration Technique.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2022 05 31;33(5):489-494. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Ambroise Paré University Hospital, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Boulogne-Billancourt, France; Faculté de Médecine Paris-Ile de France-Ouest, UFR des sciences de la santé Simone Veil, Université Versailles Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France.

Purpose: To demonstrate that in situ fenestration (ISF) of an aorto-uni-iliac endograft to treat aortoiliac disease with narrow distal aorta (NDA) vessels is effective and safe.

Materials And Methods: Data for all patients treated by use of ISF between August 2014 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The series included 27 patients, aged 70 years ± standard error (SE) 11. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Incidence and risk factors for incisional hernia after abdominal aortic aneurysm and aortic occlusive disease surgery.

Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg 2021 Oct 20;29(4):465-470. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of General Surgery, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: This study aims to investigate incisional hernia incidence and risk factors after abdominal aortic aneurysm and aortic occlusive disease surgery via a midline laparotomy.

Methods: A total of 110 patients (66 males, 44 females; mean age: 69.3±8. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Endovascular reconstruction of aortoiliac occlusive disease in a case with claudication and an ectopic pelvic kidney.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jan 21;73:103205. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Department of General Surgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction And Importance: Ectopic kidney is a rare anomaly with an incidence of about 1 in 2500 birth in the population. Concurrency of pelvic kidney and iliac occlusion is rare, and the treatment is challenging because the pelvic kidney is associated with an atypical blood supply.

Case Presentation: We reported a 68-year-old man with aortoiliac stenosis, right pelvic kidney, and high-risk cardiovascular comorbidities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

[Advancement in endovascular therapy of aortoiliac occlusive disease].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Feb;60(2):117-121

Department of Aortic and Vascular Surgery,Fu Wai Hospital,National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,Peking Union Medical College,Beijing 100037,China.

Aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) refers to the stenosis and occlusion of the distal abdominal aorta and(or) bifurcation of the aortoiliac artery,which is mainly caused by atherosclerosis,leading to pelvic and lower limb ischemia.Open surgery has always been the main treatment for complex AIOD.However,in recent years,with the development of endovascular surgery technologies and medical instruments,its treatment concept has been greatly changed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

l-lactate kinetics after abdominal aortic surgery and intestinal ischemia - An observational cohort study.

Int J Surg 2022 Feb 5;98:106220. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University, Kamenice 5, 62500, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Postoperative intestinal ischemia is a severe complication in abdominal aortic surgery. Early diagnosis is needed for adequate and timely treatment. We studied the postoperative kinetics of l-lactate in vascular patients to assess its value as a marker for early postoperative intestinal ischemia detection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Staged Hybrid Treatment with Branched Endovascular Aneurysm Repair of a Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm in the Presence of a Total Infrarenal Aortoiliac Occlusion.

Vasc Specialist Int 2021 Dec 31;37:43. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Medical Centre Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Aortoiliac occlusive disease may limit the use of branched endovascular aneurysm repair (BEVAR) of thoracoabdominal aneurysms (TAAAs). Thus, infrarenal aortoiliac occlusion may preclude the use of BEVAR. We present a case involving a 67-year-old patient with a fast-progressing TAAA (diameter: 70 mm) and a concomitant total aortoiliac occlusion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

A Case of Acute Kidney Injury Associated with Leriche Syndrome.

J Nippon Med Sch 2021 ;88(6):514-515

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School.

Leriche syndrome is an aortoiliac occlusive disease with three chief symptoms: claudication, impotence, and weak femoral pulse. It can also cause occlusion of the aorta up to the level of the renal arteries. We report a case in which aortoiliac bypass and renal artery thrombectomy were effective in ameliorating acute kidney injury caused by bilateral renal artery thrombosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Eversion Endarterectomy - An Alternative Approach to Occlusive External Iliac Artery disease.

Ann Vasc Surg 2022 Jul 22;83:290-297. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

Objectives: While endovascular intervention is the recommended first option for management of common iliac artery (CIA) lesions, it lacks durable patency for Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC)-II C and D lesions involving the external iliac artery (EIA). Aorto-femoral bypass is a durable option but is unsuitable in patients with significant co-morbidities. Eversion endarterectomy provides an alternative to both endovascular and extensive open aortoiliac reconstruction for occlusive EIA disease. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Two cases of vascular complications after urologic robotic surgery.

Acta Chir Belg 2021 Dec 28:1-4. Epub 2021 Dec 28.

Grand Hôpital de Charleroi (GHDC), Charleroi, Belgium.

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the lower extremity is common and includes aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD). Moreover, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and is now treated with surgical robotic-assisted procedures. This paper overviews two cases of limb ischemia after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and their resolution. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Treatment of Aortic and Iliac Artery Occlusion by Catheter Thrombolysis Combined with Catheter Thrombectomy and Aortic Bifurcation Endovascular Stent Reconstruction.

Case Rep Vasc Med 2021 17;2021:6084226. Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Department of Vascular Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui Province, China.

Aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) is an occlusive disease of the infrarenal aorta and iliac arteries usually caused by stenosis or occlusion at the end of the abdominal aorta-common iliac artery. Herein, we reported a case of Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus- (TASC-) D AIOD with pale, cool, and intangible dorsalis pedis artery treated with catheter thrombolysis combined with catheter thrombectomy and aortic bifurcation endovascular stent reconstruction, which proved to be safe, effective, and minimally invasive approach. In the present paper, we discussed the physical and imaging manifestations, as well as treatments. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Comparison of Aortobifemoral Bypass to Aortoiliac Stenting with Bifurcation Reconstruction for TASC II D Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease.

Ann Vasc Surg 2022 May 14;82:120-130. Epub 2021 Nov 14.

Aortic Center and Heart Vascular and Thoracic Institute, Department of Vascular Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:

Background: Long-segment stenting of the infrarenal aorta and bilateral iliac arteries, with or without femoral endarterectomy for diffuse disease, has been adopted for treatment of severe aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD). The objective of this study was to compare outcomes of this reconstruction, termed aortoiliac stenting with bifurcation reconstruction (AISBR), to aortobifemoral bypass (ABF) in patients with comparable TASC II D lesions.

Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective review of patients treated with ABF or AISBR for comparable TASC II D lesions between 2010 and 2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Descending thoracic aorta to bilateral femoral artery bypass and thoracic endovascular aortic repair in the management of atypical aortoiliac occlusive disease.

J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech 2021 Dec 1;7(4):718-724. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Surgical Services, University Medical Center, Lubbock, Tex.

Despite recent advancements in endovascular technology and the proven durability of open surgery, extensive thoracoabdominal aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) remains challenging to treat. In the present report, we have described the case of a 58-year-old woman with AIOD and multiple medical comorbidities. She successfully underwent a novel intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography-guided combined treatment with concurrent descending thoracic aorta to bilateral femoral artery bypass and thoracic endovascular aortic repair. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Midterm outcomes of the covered endovascular reconstruction of the aortic bifurcation for aortoiliac occlusive disease in a latinoamerican population.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Nov 3;88:106572. Epub 2021 Nov 3.

Department of Public Health, Independent University-Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Introduction: Surgical approach of aortoiliac occlusive disease (AOD) with aorto-bi-femoral graft or endarterectomy, has been the first line treatment with patency rates up to 90%. Nevertheless, this procedure has an early mortality rate of 4%. Vascular complications of aorto-bi-femoral graft have an average incidence of 5-10% and development of incisional hernia in 10% of the cases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021