World J Cardiol 2017 Aug;9(8):693-701
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Hassenfeld Children's Hospital of New York at NYU Langone, Fink Children's Center, New York, NY 10016, United States.
: To extend our previously-published experience in estimating pressure gradients (PG) via physical examination in a large patient cohort.Methods
: From January 1, 1997 through December 31, 2009, an attending pediatric cardiologist compared clinical examination (EXAM) with Doppler-echo (ECHO), in 1193 patients with pulmonic stenosis (PS, including tetralogy of Fallot), aortic stenosis (AS), and ventricular septal defect (VSD). EXAM PG estimates were based primarily on a murmur's pitch, grade, and length. Read More