217,743 results match your criteria Anxiety Stress and Coping[Journal]


Psychophysiological and performance-related responses of a potentiation activity in swimmers of different competitive levels.

Physiol Behav 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, School of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Athletes' competitive level has an effect on several psychophysiological parameters during the execution of sports-related tasks. This study analyzed the acute effect of a potentiation activity (PAP), composed by 5 loaded box jumps, on specific psychological, physiological and performance-related parameters in 22 trained (COM) and untrained (UNT) adult male swimmers. A control condition was also evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.02.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Psychopathology and extrapyramidal side effects in smoking and non-smoking patients with schizophrenia: Systematic review and meta-analysis of comparative studies.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Unit of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macao SAR, China. Electronic address:

The association between smoking and psychopathology and extrapyramidal symptoms in schizophrenia has been controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis compared psychopathology and extrapyramidal symptoms between smoking and non-smoking schizophrenia patients. The PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were independently and systematically searched by two researchers to identify relevant articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Obesity caused by a high-fat diet regulates the Sirt1/PGC-1α/FNDC5/BDNF pathway to exacerbate isoflurane-induced postoperative cognitive dysfunction in older mice.

Nutr Neurosci 2019 Feb 22:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Anesthesia , Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University , Shanghai , People's Republic of China.

Objectives: To investigate the effects of obesity caused by high-fat diet (HFD) on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and expression of the Sirt1/PGC-1α/FNDC5/BDNF pathway in the hippocampus of older mice.

Methods: Fifty-six 15-month-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into eight groups - ad libitum control (ALC), ad libitum surgery (ALS), ad libitum surgery with PBS (ALS + PBS), ad libitum surgery with resveratrol (ALS + Res), HFD control (HFC), HFD surgery (HFS), HFD surgery with PBS (HFS + PBS), HFD surgery with resveratrol (HFS + Res). Surgery group mice were exposed to isoflurane before tibial fracture internal fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2019.1581460DOI Listing
February 2019

Associations among diet, the gastrointestinal microbiota, and negative emotional states in adults.

Nutr Neurosci 2019 Feb 22:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition , University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign , Urbana , IL , USA.

Objective: Habitual diet impacts mood and the human gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota. Yet, studies infrequently control for diet when evaluating associations between mood and GI microbiota. Accordingly, we aimed to investigate relationships among diet, GI microbiota, and mood in adults without mood disorders by conducting a cross-sectional examination of dietary intake, subjective emotional state, and fecal microbial taxa abundances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2019.1582578DOI Listing
February 2019

Temperament as Risk and Protective Factors in Obesogenic Eating: Relations Among Parent Temperament, Child Temperament, and Child Food Preference and Eating.

J Genet Psychol 2019 Feb 22:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Educational Psychology , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas , USA.

Children's food preferences and eating behaviors have implications for their health and weight status, serving as risk or protective factors for obesity. Although parent and child factors influence children's eating, few studies have examined parent and child temperament simultaneously in relation to child food preference and eating behaviors. The authors addressed this research gap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00221325.2019.1575180DOI Listing
February 2019

Mental health training, attitudes toward support, and screening positive for mental disorders.

Cogn Behav Ther 2019 Feb 22:1-19. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

j Hill / Levene Schools of Business, Faculty of Business Administration , University of Regina , Regina , SK , Canada.

Public Safety Personnel (PSP; e.g. correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police) are frequently exposed to potentially traumatic events (PTEs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16506073.2019.1575900DOI Listing
February 2019

Relationship of Cannabis Use to Patient-Reported Symptoms in Cancer Patients Seeking Supportive/Palliative Care.

J Palliat Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1 Department of Supportive Care Medicine, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida.

Background: The use of cannabis by cancer patients has become increasingly common. With expanding access to medical cannabis, unsanctioned cannabis use is likely to increase. Despite this, the extent to which patients seeking specialized palliative or supportive care for cancer-related symptoms are actively using cannabis has not been well established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2018.0533DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of preoperative psychologic distress in laryngeal cancer patients.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Anaesthesiology, The Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital , Fudan University , Shanghai , China.

Background: Preoperative psychologic distress is common in head and neck cancer patients and related to deleterious effects in patient treatment and recovery. Routine screening and appropriate referral of all patients with cancer for psychiatric assessment is now a part of the medical treatment.

Objects: The aim was to assess the level of preoperative psychologic distress in laryngeal cancer patients scheduled for surgical treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1523555DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring the real-world profile of refractory and non-refractory chronic idiopathic urticaria in the USA: clinical burden and healthcare resource use.

Curr Med Res Opin 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation , East Hanover , NJ , USA.

Introduction: Chronic idiopathic/spontaneous urticaria (CIU/CSU) is a debilitating skin condition that is burdensome for patients and healthcare providers. We aimed to describe clinical characteristics, consultation patterns, and healthcare resource utilization in real-world US patients with refractory and non-refractory CIU/CSU.

Methods: Data were collected from the Adelphi Real World 2015 Urticaria Disease Specific Programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2019.1586222DOI Listing
February 2019

No pain, no gain: cross-lagged analyses of posttraumatic growth and anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress and prolonged grief symptoms after loss.

Anxiety Stress Coping 2019 Feb 22:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

b Department of Clinical Psychology , Utrecht University , Utrecht , the Netherlands.

Background And Objectives: Major negative life-events including bereavement can precipitate perceived positive life-changes, termed posttraumatic growth (PTG). While traditionally considered an adaptive phenomenon, it has been suggested that PTG represents a maladaptive coping response similar to cognitive avoidance. To clarify the function of PTG, it is crucial to establish concurrent and longitudinal associations of PTG with post-event mental health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2019.1584293DOI Listing
February 2019

Guilt experienced by caregivers to individuals with dementia: A concept analysis.

Int J Older People Nurs 2019 Feb 22:e12227. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Purdue University School of Nursing, West Lafayette, Indiana.

Aim: To create a comprehensive understanding and definition of guilt in caregivers of individuals with dementia. Through this concept analysis, we hope to empower nurses to more accurately identify guilt in caregivers and tailor interventions to specifically reduce these symptoms of guilt.

Background: Individuals with dementia are often cared for by relatives, friends and neighbours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opn.12227DOI Listing
February 2019

Validation of a Battery of Neuropsychological Tests for Patients With Metastatic Cancer.

Clin Nurs Res 2019 Feb 22:1054773819831210. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1 University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of Trail Making Test (TMT), Continuous Reaction Time (CRT), Finger Tapping Test (FTT), Digit Span Test (DST), and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in Brazilian patients with metastatic cancer. Cognitive performance of 178 patients with metastatic cancer and 79 controls was assessed using the TMT, CRT, FTT, DST, and MMSE. Discriminant validity, concurrent validity, and reliability (39 patients were retested after 3-7 days) were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1054773819831210DOI Listing
February 2019

Strengthening competence of therapists-in-training in the treatment of health anxiety (hypochondriasis): validation of the Assessment of Core CBT Skills (ACCS).

Clin Psychol Psychother 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.

Although the observation and assessment of psychotherapeutic competences is central to training, supervision, patient care, quality control, and life-long practice, structured instruments are used only occasionally. In the current study, an observation-based tool for the Assessment of Core CBT Skills (ACCS) was translated into German and adapted, and its psychometric properties were pilot evaluated. Competence of therapists-in-training was assessed in a random sample of n = 30 videos on cognitive-behavioral therapy including patients diagnosed with hypochondriasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2353DOI Listing
February 2019

Complete withdrawal is the most feasible treatment for medication-overuse headache: A randomized controlled open-label trial.

Eur J Pain 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Rigshospitalet Glostrup, Danish Headache Center, Denmark.

Background: Complete stop of acute medication and/or migraine medication for treatment of medication-overuse headache (MOH) has previously been reported more effective in reducing headache days and migraine days per month compared with restricted intake of acute medication. However, it is unknown whether complete stop or restricted intake is the most feasible treatment for patients.

Objectives: To investigate if feasibility of withdrawal in MOH is different between complete stop of acute medication and restricted intake, and if reductions in headache-related medication dependence, anxiety and depression differ between the treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1383DOI Listing
February 2019

[Demoralisation in alcohol-dependent patients with co-occurring psychiatric disorders].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2019 ;61(2):84-91

Background: Demoralisation is a multidimensional concept, with helplessness and hopelessness as its key elements. Many patients, both in somatic and in mental health care, suffer from demoralisation. In the process of recovery, remoralisation constitutes a first step. Read More

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January 2019

Pre-surgical Caregiver Burden and Anxiety Are Associated with Post-Surgery Cortisol over the Day in Caregivers of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients.

Int J Behav Med 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.

Background: The relationship between pre-surgical distress and diurnal cortisol following surgery has not been investigated prospectively in caregivers of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients before. We aimed to examine the relationship between pre-surgical anxiety and caregiver burden and diurnal cortisol measured 2 months after the surgery in the caregivers of CABG patients.

Method: We used a sample of 103 caregivers of elective CABG patients that were assessed 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-019-09775-6DOI Listing
February 2019

The Relation between Specific Parenting Behaviors and Toddlers' Early Anxious Behaviors is Moderated by Toddler Cortisol Reactivity.

J Abnorm Child Psychol 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Psychology Department, Miami University, 90 N. Patterson Ave, Oxford, OH, 45056, USA.

Differential susceptibility theory posits that neurobiological reactivity (e.g., cortisol levels) should be considered as an individual index of susceptibility to both positive and negative environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-019-00522-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Let us Meet Online! Examining the Factors Influencing Older Chinese's Social Networking Site Use.

Authors:
Junjie Zhou

J Cross Cult Gerontol 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Shantou University Business School, No. 243 Da Xue Road, Shantou, 515063, Guangdong, China.

This paper aims to examine the factors influencing older Chinese's social networking site (SNS) use and to help older people live a better life in this technology-oriented world. A proposed model composed of eight hypotheses was built according to Diffusion of Innovation Theory and was tested via 726 valid data points. The empirical results show that technical compatibility and relative advantages as technical factors and Internet self-efficacy as a personal cognitive factor promote older people's SNS use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10823-019-09365-9DOI Listing
February 2019

The Health Status of Veteran Employees Compared to Civilian Employees in Veterans Health Administration.

Mil Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Boston VA Health Care System, Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Jamaica Plain, MA.

Introduction: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is undergoing changes in the practice of health care focusing on approaches that prioritize veteran well-being. Given transformation efforts, opportunities exist to enhance the health and well-being of patients and employees alike - a significant proportion of whom are veterans. To date, differences in health status between veteran and civilian employees within VHA have not been examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy410DOI Listing
February 2019

Management of the Dentally Anxious Patient: The Dentist's Perspective.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2019 ;17(1):35-41

Purpose: To evaluate dental anxiety from the dentist's perspective.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on a convenience sample. Data were gathered using questionnaires that included general information and specific questions concerning dentally anxious patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a41985DOI Listing
January 2019

Guided internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescent anxiety: Predictors of treatment response.

Internet Interv 2019 Mar 31;15:116-125. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 9, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.

Background: Guided internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) has been found efficacious in reducing symptoms of anxiety in adolescents with anxiety disorders, but not all respond equally well.

Objective: In this study, we explored candidate predictors of ICBT treatment response within the frame of a randomized controlled trial.

Methods: Sixty-five adolescents (13-17 years) with anxiety disorders according to DSM-IV received 14 weeks of therapist-guided ICBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2019.01.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371410PMC

Supervised exercise rehabilitation in survivors of critical illness: A randomised controlled trial.

J Intensive Care Soc 2019 Feb 4;20(1):18-26. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Swansea University Medical School, Swansea University, Swansea, UK.

Objectives: To investigate the impact of a six-week supervised exercise programme on cardiopulmonary fitness, balance, muscle strength and anxiety and depression in patients who have been discharged home from hospital following an intensive care unit length of stay of greater than 48 h. To investigate patients' perceptions of a six-week supervised exercise programme delivered at three months post hospital discharge.

Design: A single centre parallel, randomised controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1751143718767061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376574PMC
February 2019

School Bullying Among Left-Behind Children: The Efficacy of Art Therapy on Reducing Bullying Victimization.

Front Psychiatry 2019 7;10:40. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychiatry, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Left-behind children (LBC) are becoming a widespread phenomenon and face higher risks of psychological and educational problems. Our study aimed to explore school bullying in LBC and examine the effectiveness of art therapy intervention for reducing bullying victimization affecting LBC in rural areas. A total of 603 children, including 272 LBC and 331 non-LBC, were sampled from 6 rural schools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374290PMC
February 2019

Influence of Quadrato Motor Training on Salivary proNGF and proBDNF.

Front Neurosci 2019 7;13:58. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

National Research Council, Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, Rome, Italy.

Previous studies demonstrated exercise-induced modulation of neurotrophins, such as Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF). Yet, no study that we are aware of has examined their change as a function of different training paradigms. In addition, the understanding of the possible training-induced relationship between NGF and BDNF change is still lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374314PMC
February 2019

Increased 5-HT2C receptor editing predisposes to PTSD-like behaviors and alters BDNF and cytokines signaling.

Transl Psychiatry 2019 Feb 21;9(1):100. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

EA 4475, Pharmacologie de la circulation cérébrale, Université Paris Descartes, 75006, Paris, France.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma- and stress-related disorder with dysregulated fear responses and neurobiological impairments, notably at neurotrophic and inflammation levels. Understanding the mechanisms underlying this disease is crucial to develop PTSD models that meet behavioral and neurobiological validity criteria as well as innovative therapeutic approaches. Serotonin 2C receptors (5-HT2CR) are known for their important role in anxiety, and mice having only the fully edited VGV isoform of 5-HT2CR, which thereby overexpressed brain 5-HT2CR, are of special interest to study PTSD predisposition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41398-019-0431-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictions of children's emotionality from evolutionary and epigenetic hypotheses.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 21;9(1):2519. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Psychological Science, Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 3GB, UK.

Sex-dependent effects of mismatched prenatal-postnatal maternal conditions are predicted by combining two evolutionary hypotheses: that foetal conditions provide a forecast of likely postnatal environments (Predictive Adaptive Response), and that the female foetus is better adapted than the male to maternal adversity (Trivers-Willard hypothesis). Animal studies have implicated glucocorticoid mechanisms modifiable by effects of postnatal tactile stimulation on glucocorticoid receptor gene expression. In this study we examined behavioural predictions in humans based on these evolutionary and epigenetic models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39513-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Consequences of prenatal exposure to valproic acid in the socially monogamous prairie voles.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 21;9(1):2453. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Program of Neuroscience, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, 32306, USA.

Environmental risk factors contribute to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) etiology. In particular, prenatal exposure to the highly teratogenic anticonvulsant valproic acid (VPA) significantly increases ASD prevalence. Although significant discoveries on the embryopathology of VPA have been reported, its effects on the ability to form enduring social attachment-characteristic of ASD but uncommonly displayed by rats and mice-remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39014-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Stepped care programme in primary care to prevent anxiety and depression: a randomised clinical trial.

Hong Kong Med J 2019 Feb;25 Suppl 3(1):9-10

New Territories East Cluster, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong.

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February 2019

Chronic low back pain: Relevance of a new classification based on the injury pattern.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Société française de chirurgie du rachis (SFCR), 56, rue Boissonade, 75014 Paris, France.

Background: The objectives of this study were to define the role for surgery in the treatment of chronic low back pain (cLBP) and to develop a new classification of cLBP based on the pattern of injury.

Hypothesis: Surgery may benefit patients with cLBP, and a new classification based on the injury pattern may be of interest.

Method: A systematic literature review was performed by searching Medline, the Cochrane Library, the French public health database (Banque de Données en Santé Publique), Science Direct, and the National Guideline Clearinghouse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2018.11.021DOI Listing
February 2019

[Alzheimer's disease and the quality of life of the informal caregiver].

Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad de A Coruña, A Coruña, España.

Background: Along with an ageing population, a higher incidence of chronic diseases leads to increasingly complex health profiles. The relationship between survival, dependence, and social and demographic trends affecting caregiving, has led to an increase in the negative consequences associated with care provision. In this context, an assessment needs to be made on the impact that caregiving has on the well-being of the caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regg.2018.10.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence of mental disorders in China: a cross-sectional epidemiological study.

Lancet Psychiatry 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Wuxi Mental Health Center, Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, China.

Background: The China Mental Health Survey was set up in 2012 to do a nationally representative survey with consistent methodology to investigate the prevalence of mental disorders and service use, and to analyse their social and psychological risk factors or correlates in China. This paper reports the prevalence findings.

Methods: We did a cross-sectional epidemiological survey of the prevalence of mental disorders (mood disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol-use and drug-use disorders, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, eating disorder, impulse-control disorder, and dementia) in a multistage clustered-area probability sample of adults from 157 nationwide representative population-based disease surveillance points in 31 provinces across China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30511-XDOI Listing
February 2019

Sexual minority health disparities: an examination of age-related trends across adulthood in a national cross-sectional sample.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

The Prevention Research Center, Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Purpose: Sexual minorities experience significant health disparities across a variety of mental, behavioral, and physical health indicators. Yet, an understanding of the etiology and progression of sexual minority health disparities across the lifespan is limited.

Methods: We used the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Oxytocin-enhanced motivational interviewing group therapy for methamphetamine use disorder in men who have sex with men: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2019 Feb 21;20(1):145. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: The prevalence of methamphetamine use disorder (MUD) in the United States has risen dramatically in the past four decades and is concentrated in populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite the public health consequences of MUD, there are no FDA-approved psychopharmacological treatments. Psychosocial treatment alone has been shown to reduce methamphetamine use, but high attrition rates limit treatment efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3225-7DOI Listing
February 2019

The impact of the Paris terrorist attacks on the mental health of resident physicians.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 21;19(1):79. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Service Hospitalo-Universitaire, Centre Hospitalier Sainte Anne, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Faculté de Médecine Paris Descartes, Paris, France.

Background: On November 13, 2015, terrorist attacks took place in Paris. One hundred and twenty-nine people were immediately killed and 302 needed emergency care. Many resident physicians were on the front line of the medical response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2058-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Cord pilot trial, comparing alternative policies for timing of cord clamping before 32 weeks gestation: follow-up for women up to one year.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 21;19(1):78. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK.

Background: The Cord Pilot Trial compared two alternative policies for cord clamping at very preterm birth at eight UK maternity units: clamping after at least 2 min and immediate neonatal care (if needed) with cord intact, or clamping within 20 s and neonatal care after clamping. This paper reports follow-up of the women by two self-completed questionnaires up to one year after the birth.

Methods: Women were given or posted the first questionnaire between four and eight weeks after birth, usually before their baby was discharged, and were posted a second similar questionnaire at one year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2223-9DOI Listing
February 2019

The ALPIM (Anxiety, Laxity, Pain, Immune, and Mood) Syndrome in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Cohort Study.

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2019 Feb 22:appineuropsych18080174. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

From the Department of Behavioral Health, NYU Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, New York (Singh, Pinkhasov); the Department of Psychiatry, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, New York (Rocio Martinez); the Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Science, Stony Brook University, New York (Anand); the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, CUNY School of Medicine, New York (Calixte); the Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine, Universitat Autonoma Barcelona. Institute of Neuropsychiatry and Addictions, IMIM Parc de Salut Mar, Barcelona, Spain (Bulbena); and the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York (Coplan).

Objective:: ALPIM (anxiety, laxity, pain, immune, and mood) syndrome has been previously described in adults. The authors aimed to identify its occurrence in adolescents and confirm its existence in adults. Given the association of the disorder with somatic symptoms, separation anxiety disorder (SAD) was explored as an ALPIM comorbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.neuropsych.18080174DOI Listing
February 2019

ADHD and Anxiety: Clinical Implications.

Authors:
Steven R Pliszka

J Atten Disord 2019 Feb;23(3):203-205

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1087054718817365DOI Listing
February 2019

Irritable bowel syndrome: a review of the general aspects and the potential role of vitamin D.

Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Jan 14:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a Medical School of Marília , UNIMAR , São Paulo , Brazil.

Introduction: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a bowel disorder leading to symptoms such as abdominal pain, modifications in the motility and bowel habits, distention, bloating, and gas. Vitamin D (VD) may interfere in a plethora of cellular mechanisms, and act directly or indirectly in the regulation of the microbiome, the release of anti-microbial peptides, modulation of the immune system and inflammation processes; which in turn, may positively interfere with the altered gut function. The main purpose of this review was to survey studies involving the impacts of VD on IBS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2019.1570137DOI Listing
January 2019

The Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Treat Depression and Anxiety and Improve Quality of Life Among Early-Stage Breast Cancer Patients.

Integr Cancer Ther 2019 Jan-Dec;18:1534735419829573

1 The Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Positive results have appeared among nonmetastatic breast cancer patients with the use of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). However, earlier stage patient results have been mixed. This novelty of this study was the focus on stage I and II breast cancer patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534735419829573DOI Listing
February 2019

Long-Term Changes of Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Fatigue in Cancer Patients 6 Months After the End of Yoga Therapy.

Integr Cancer Ther 2019 Jan-Dec;18:1534735418822096

1 University Medical Center, Comprehensive Cancer Center Mainfranken, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Background: Symptoms of anxiety, depression, and cancer-related fatigue are commonly associated with cancer. Cancer patients increasingly use complementary and alternative treatments, such as yoga, to cope with psychological and physical impairments. In the present article, long-term changes of anxiety, depression, and fatigue in cancer are examined 6 months after a yoga intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1534735418822096DOI Listing
February 2019

Yoga-Specific Enhancement of Quality of Life Among Women With Breast Cancer: Systematic Review and Exploratory Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Evid Based Integr Med 2019 Jan-Dec;24:2515690X19828325

1 School of Social Work, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada.

Physical activities during and after cancer treatment have favorable psychosocial effects. Increasingly, yoga has become a popular approach to improving the quality of life (QoL) of women with breast cancer. However, the extant synthetic evidence on yoga has not used other exercise comparison conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2515690X19828325DOI Listing
February 2019

The influence of cognitions, emotions and behavioral factors on treatment outcomes in musculoskeletal shoulder pain: a systematic review.

Clin Rehabil 2019 Feb 22:269215519831056. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1 Rehabilitation Research Center (REVAL), Biomedical Research Institute (BIOMED), Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium.

Objective:: To examine the predictive, moderating and mediating role of cognitive, emotional and behavioral factors on pain and disability following shoulder treatment.

Data Sources:: Electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and PsycINFO) were searched until 14 January 2019.

Study Selection:: Studies including persons with musculoskeletal shoulder pain that describe the predictive, moderating or mediating role of baseline cognitive, emotional or behavioral factors on pain or disability following treatment were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215519831056DOI Listing
February 2019

Ironic or Overcompensation Effects of Motor Behaviour: An Examination of a Tennis Serving Task Under Pressure.

Authors:
Recep Gorgulu

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Feb 20;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Elite Performance in Sport Research Group, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Bursa Uludag University, Bursa 16120, Turkey.

With specific regard to the hypothesized effects of anxiety on performance in motor behaviour, the rival predictions emanating from the Wegner's "ironic processes theory" and the "implicit overcompensation hypothesis" are largely indiscriminate. Specifically, Wegner's theory predicts that self-instructions not to perform in a certain manner would lead to the very behaviour the individual seeks to avoid under pressure. On the other hand, the implicit overcompensation hypothesis predicts that avoidant instructions would produce the opposite outcome to that intended by the performer under pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9020021DOI Listing
February 2019

Neuromodulation Strategies in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: From Preclinical Models to Clinical Applications.

Brain Sci 2019 Feb 19;9(2). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON M4N3M5, Canada.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an often debilitating disease with a lifetime prevalence rate between 5⁻8%. In war veterans, these numbers are even higher, reaching approximately 10% to 25%. Although most patients benefit from the use of medications and psychotherapy, approximately 20% to 30% do not have an adequate response to conventional treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9020045DOI Listing
February 2019

The impact of depression, anxiety, neuroticism, and severity of Internet addiction symptoms on the relationship between probable ADHD and severity of insomnia among young adults.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 3;271:726-731. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Baltalimani State Hospital for Muskuloskeletal Disorders, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of depression, anxiety, neuroticism, and severity of Internet addiction symptoms (IAS) on the relationship between probable attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and severity of insomnia among young adults. The study was conducted with online survey among 1010 volunteered university students in Ankara, people who are in the e-mail database of a company located in Istanbul that organizes e-sports tournaments and Turkish gamers from gaming forums. Scale scores were higher among the group with high probability of insomnia (n = 200, 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.010DOI Listing
January 2019

Self-reported asthma diagnosis and mental health: Findings from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 8;271:721-725. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Fundació Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona, Dr. Antoni Pujadas, 42, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona 08830, Spain; Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Monforte de Lemos 3-5 Pabellón 11, Madrid 28029, Spain.

Historically, asthma has had a mixed association with mental health. More research is needed to examine the associations between asthma and specific psychiatric disorders, and whether these associations hold true across racial groups in the general population of the United States. Using the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys, we examined the associations between lifetime asthma and specific DSM-IV psychiatric disorders, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and smoking status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.046DOI Listing
January 2019

Anxiety symptoms and emotional eating are independently associated with sweet craving in young adults.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 3;271:715-720. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Health Sciences. Ribeirão Preto Medical Scholl. Universidade de São Paulo. Av. Bandeirantes, 3900. Bairro Monte Alegre, CEP 14049-900 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil; Laboratory of Eating Practices and Behavior (PratiCA), Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900. Bairro Monte Alegre, CEP 14049-900 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Sweet craving (SC), defined as a strong desire for sweet foods, seems to be closely related to negative emotions, such as anxiety and unhealthy eating behaviors. The objective was to investigate factors that are associated with SC and to assess the relationships among SC, anxiety symptoms, and eating behavior in university students. This was a cross-sectional study involving 300 students of both sexes (20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.11.070DOI Listing
January 2019

Interpreter-mediated psychotherapy with trauma-affected refugees - A retrospective cohort study.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 10;271:684-692. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Competence Centre for Transcultural Psychiatry, Mental Health Centre Ballerup, Mental Health Services of the Capital Region, Ballerup, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to examine if interpreter-mediated psychotherapy with trauma-affected refugees affects treatment outcome. The clinical sample consisted of 825 patients who, as part of treatment, were offered 16 sessions of cognitive behavioural therapy. The cohort was allocated to two subsamples based on whether interpreters were used in psychotherapy or not and the treatment outcome for the two subsamples was compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.058DOI Listing
January 2019

Intervention mechanism of repeated oral GABA administration on anxiety-like behaviors induced by emotional stress in rats.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 5;271:649-657. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

College of Food Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, GZ, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanism of repeated oral administration of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on anxiety-like behaviors induced by emotional stress. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups (8 rats each): control, emotional stress model, three emotional stress + GABA-treated groups (0.5, 1, 2 mg/kg). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.025DOI Listing
January 2019