240,657 results match your criteria Anxiety Stress And Coping[Journal]


The effects of insular and mesiotemporal lesions on affective information processing: Preliminary evidence from patients with epilepsy surgery.

Epilepsy Behav 2020 Jul 5;111:107264. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montreal (CHUM), Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Université de Montréal, Département de neurosciences, Montreal, Canada; CHUM, Service de neurologie, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Depressive symptoms and anxiety are common complaints in patients who have had epilepsy surgery. Recent studies have reported disturbances in emotional memory, facial and vocal emotion recognition, and affective learning after temporal lobe and/or insular resection for drug-resistant seizures, suggesting that these regions may be involved in emotional processes underlying psychological symptoms. The insula is a core component of the salience network and is thought to be involved in processing emotions such as disgust, and the role of mesial temporal lobe structures in affective processing is well established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107264DOI Listing

Effects and moderators of coping skills training on symptoms of depression and anxiety in patients with cancer: Aggregate data and individual patient data meta-analyses.

Clin Psychol Rev 2020 Jun 25;80:101882. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study evaluated the effects of coping skills training (CST) on symptoms of depression and anxiety in cancer patients, and investigated moderators of the effects.

Methods: Overall effects and intervention-related moderators were studied in meta-analyses of pooled aggregate data from 38 randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Patient-related moderators were examined using linear mixed-effect models with interaction tests on pooled individual patient data (n = 1953) from 15 of the RCTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2020.101882DOI Listing

Role of Complementary Medicine (Music, Acupuncture, Acupressure, TENS and Audio-visual distraction) in Shockwave Lithotripsy (SWL): A Systematic Review from EAU sections of urolithiasis (EULIS) and uro-technology (ESUT).

Urology 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Urology, University Hospital Southampton NHS Trust, UK. Electronic address:

We performed a systematic review to look at the role of alternative or complementary medicine such as music, acupressure, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and audiovisual distractions to decrease analgesia requirement and alleviate anxiety during SWL. Twenty-three papers(2439 participants) were included: Music (n=10,56.6%), Acupuncture (n=5,17. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2020.06.035DOI Listing

Essential Oil Use With Breast Imaging A Pilot Study.

J Holist Nurs 2020 Jul 8:898010120939719. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Baptist Health Lexington.

To examine the following variables related to essential oil use: familiarity, enjoyment, influence on relaxation, intention for future use, and acceptance among women undergoing breast-imaging procedures. A descriptive, exploratory study. An investigator-designed questionnaire was used to gather demographic information and study variables ( = 51). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898010120939719DOI Listing

Increasing the interval between repeated anesthetic exposures reduces long-lasting synaptic changes in late postnatal mice.

J Neurochem 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Medical Science, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea.

While recent studies strongly suggest that a single, short anesthetic exposure does not affect neurodevelopment, the effects of multiple exposures remain unclear. Unfortunately, studying 'multiple exposures' is challenging as it is an extremely heterogeneous descriptor comprising diverse factors. One potentially important, but unrecognized factor is the interval between anesthetic exposures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnc.15121DOI Listing

Association of Outdoor Artificial Light at Night With Mental Disorders and Sleep Patterns Among US Adolescents.

JAMA Psychiatry 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Genetic Epidemiology Research Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Importance: Indoor nighttime light exposure influences sleep and circadian rhythms and is known to affect mood-associated brain circuits in animals. However, little is known about the association between levels of nighttime outdoor light and sleep and mental health in the population, especially among adolescents.

Objective: To estimate associations of outdoor artificial light at night (ALAN) with sleep patterns and past-year mental disorder among US adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1935DOI Listing

Effectiveness of Sequential Psychological and Medication Therapies for Insomnia Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Psychiatry 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

University of Colorado, Denver.

Importance: Despite evidence of efficacious psychological and pharmacologic therapies for insomnia, there is little information about what first-line treatment should be and how best to proceed when initial treatment fails.

Objective: To evaluate the comparative efficacy of 4 treatment sequences involving psychological and medication therapies for insomnia and examine the moderating effect of psychiatric disorders on insomnia outcomes.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In a sequential multiple-assignment randomized trial, patients were assigned to first-stage therapy involving either behavioral therapy (BT; n = 104) or zolpidem (zolpidem; n = 107), and patients who did not remit received a second treatment involving either medication (zolpidem or trazodone) or psychological therapy (BT or cognitive therapy [CT]). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1767DOI Listing

The Vanguard Study: Human Performance Evaluation of UK National Organ Retrieval Service Teams Utilizing a Single Scrub Practitioner in Multiorgan Retrieval.

Transplantation 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

NHS Blood and Transplant.

Background: The National Organ Retrieval Service (NORS) 2015 review recommended a single scrub practitioner provide support simultaneously to abdominal and cardiothoracic teams in UK multiorgan retrieval. Previously, this model had been employed only by the combined abdominal and cardiac team in Scotland. This study reports the impact on performance as part of the Vanguard project, which utilized the single scrub practitioner role with 5 NORS teams, to determine applicability UK-wide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000003385DOI Listing

Individuals with chronic pain have the same response to placebo analgesia as healthy controls in terms of magnitude and reproducibility.

Pain 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Human Pain Research Group, Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.

It is unclear whether a diagnosis of chronic pain is associated with an increase or decrease in the placebo response. The aim of this study was to use an experimental placebo conditioning paradigm to test if expectancy for pain relief impacts on acute pain perception in individuals with a chronic pain diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) or fibromyalgia (FM), compared to healthy individuals (HI). An inert cream was applied to the dominant forearm of participants (60 OA, 79 FM and 98 HI), randomly assigned to either a placebo or control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001966DOI Listing

Recent advances in diagnosis and management of irritable bowel syndrome.

Curr Opin Psychiatry 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Translational Research Centre for Gastrointestinal Disorders, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Purpose Of Review: This review summarizes recent progress in the diagnosis and management of irritable bowel syndrome, with a focus on dietary and microbiota aspects.

Recent Findings: From a pathophysiological point of view, IBS is a multifactorial condition with both peripheral (transit) as central (visceral hypersensitivity, anxiety, depression) contribution in a cumulative fashion to the symptom pattern and severity. More recently, the focus has shifted to diet and microbiota. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000628DOI Listing

Using Technology to Combat Clinician Burnout.

Authors:
Matthew J Davis

J Healthc Manag 2020 Jul-Aug;65(4):265-272

Auburn University Health Services Administration Program, Auburn, Alabama.

Executive Summary: Physician burnout is a major problem affecting healthcare providers. It not only influences clinician mental health but also clinical outcomes, patient satisfaction, and the financial standing of a health system. A combination of web and mobile applications can be used to treat clinician burnout by effectively reducing stress, anxiety, and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JHM-D-20-00099DOI Listing

A Preliminary Examination of Endogenous Peripheral Oxytocin in a Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial of Oxytocin-Enhanced Psychotherapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2020 Jul/Aug;40(4):401-404

MUSC Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina.

Background: Preclinical and clinical research suggests that the oxytocin system is implicated in the development and maintenance of stress and anxiety-related psychiatric conditions, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Recent research also suggests that intranasal oxytocin holds promise as a treatment for PTSD. However, little is known about the relationship between levels of peripheral oxytocin and PTSD symptom severity, PTSD treatment response, and repeated intranasal oxytocin administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCP.0000000000001226DOI Listing

Training Chaplains to Provide Communication-Board-Guided Spiritual Care for Intensive Care Unit Patients.

J Palliat Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA.

Chaplain-led communication-board-guided spiritual care may reduce anxiety and stress during an intensive care unit (ICU) admission for nonvocal mechanically ventilated patients, but clinical pastoral education does not teach the assistive communication skills needed to provide communication-board-guided spiritual care. To evaluate a four-hour chaplain-led seminar to educate chaplains about ICU patients' psychoemotional distress, and train them in assistive communication skills for providing chaplain-led communication-board-guided spiritual care. A survey immediately before and after the seminar, and one-year follow-up about use of communication-board-guided spiritual care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0041DOI Listing

In vivo exposure for fear of pain and avoidance of movement in low back pain.

Rev Bras Enferm 2020 6;73(5):e20190125. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: to verify the effects of hierarchization and in vivo exposure for fear of pain, avoidance of movement, and anxiety in chronic low back pain.

Methods: quasi-experimental study. The 27 patients who participated graded the damage associated with the movements in each of the 40 activities of daily living depicted in pictures using a scale from 0 to 100. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0125DOI Listing

Distinct correlates of empathy and compassion with burnout and affective symptoms in health professionals and students.

Braz J Psychiatry 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: The causes of high rates of psychological distress among health professionals and students are largely unknown. Health professionals respond to those who are in distress with empathy (feeling what others feel) or compassion (caring about what others feel). This study aims to investigate whether empathy and compassion are distinct traits and how both traits are associated with negative affect (burnout, depression, anxiety and anger symptoms) in undergraduate students and professionals in medicine, psychology and nursing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2020-0941DOI Listing

Investigating the causes of patient anxiety at induction of anaesthesia: A mixed methods study.

J Perioper Pract 2020 Jul 8:1750458920936933. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

St James's University Hospital, Leeds, UK.

Aim: To investigate patient anxiety at anaesthetic induction and whether this is affected by anaesthetic room interventions.

Methods: A mixed methods study was carried out: pre-induction interventions were directly observed. Patient anxiety was assessed quantitatively with cardiovascular changes, the visual analogue scale and the state-trait anxiety inventory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1750458920936933DOI Listing

Fear of graft rejection after heart transplantation - a nationwide cross-sectional cohort study.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2020 Jul 8:1474515120937838. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

The Transplant Centre, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Cellular rejection is most common 3-6 months after heart transplantation while chronic rejection, that is, cardiac allograft vasculopathy and malignancy are the most common causes of death in heart-transplant recipients beyond the third year after transplantation. However, the heart transplantation recipient's perceived threat of graft rejection has never been explored.

Aim: The aim was to explore perceived threat of the risk of graft rejection and its relationship to psychological wellbeing, fatigue, health literacy, adherence and self-efficacy 1-5 years after heart transplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474515120937838DOI Listing

The Feasibility and Efficacy of a Brief Integrative Treatment for Adults With Depression and/or Anxiety: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Evid Based Integr Med 2020 Jan-Dec;25:2515690X20937997

Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and suitability of a brief integrative intervention, Personalized Integrative Therapy (PI Therapy), for the treatment of adult depression and/or anxiety. In this 6-week, 3-arm, parallel-group, randomized trial, PI Therapy delivered alone or with nutritional supplements (PI Therapy + Supps) was compared to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in 48 adults with depression and/or anxiety. All treatments were delivered as a 1-day workshop plus 6 weeks of reminder phone text messages to reinforce topics and skills covered in the workshop. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2515690X20937997DOI Listing

Training the anxious brain: using fMRI-based neurofeedback to change brain activity in adolescence.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

School of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK.

Anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and entail a lot of costs. Adolescence is characterized by social fears and poor emotion regulation abilities which together increase the likelihood of the emergence of anxiety disorders. This emotion dysregulation is potentially caused by the emotion regulating brain areas, such as the prefrontal cortex and temporal cortex, that are still undergoing developmental changes throughout late adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14611DOI Listing

Comparison of low-level laser treatment and extracorporeal shock wave therapy in subacromial impingement syndrome: a randomized, prospective clinical study.

Lasers Med Sci 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Faculty of Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kafkas University, Kars Merkez, Kars, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of low-level laser treatment (LLLT) and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). Seventy-one patients with subacromial impingement were randomly assigned to LLLT (n = 37) and ESWT (n = 34) groups. The patients received a total of 15 sessions of LLLT or once a week for 3 sessions of ESWT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-020-03093-0DOI Listing

Starting or Switching to an Integrase Inhibitor-Based Regimen Affects PTSD Symptoms in Women with HIV.

AIDS Behav 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe Street/ Meyer 6-113, Baltimore, MD, 21287-7613, USA.

As the use of Integrase inhibitor (INSTI)-class antiretroviral medications becomes more common to maintain long-term viral suppression, early reports suggest the potential for CNS side-effects when starting or switching to an INSTI-based regimen. In a population already at higher risk for developing mood and anxiety disorders, these drugs may have significant effects on PTSD scale symptom scores, particularly in women with HIV (WWH). A total of 551 participants were included after completing ≥ 1 WIHS study visits before and after starting/switching to an INSTI-based ART regimen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-020-02967-2DOI Listing

Experimentally Induced Sepsis Causes Extensive Hypomyelination in the Prefrontal Cortex and Hippocampus in Neonatal Rats.

Neuromolecular Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Critical Care and Emergency, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong, China.

Neonatal sepsis is associated with cognitive deficit in the later life. Axonal myelination plays a pivotal role in neurotransmission and formation of learning and memory. This study aimed to explore if systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection would induce hypomyelination in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus in developing septic neonatal rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12017-020-08602-6DOI Listing

A Tellurium-Based Small Immunomodulatory Molecule Ameliorates Depression-Like Behavior in Two Distinct Rat Models.

Neuromolecular Med 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

The Mina & Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, The Safdiè AIDS and Immunology Research Center, C.A.I.R. Institute, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of morbidity, and the fourth leading cause of disease burden worldwide. While MDD is a treatable condition for many individuals, others suffer from treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Here, we suggest the immunomodulatory compound AS101 as novel therapeutic alternative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12017-020-08603-5DOI Listing

Prefrontal cortex hypoactivity distinguishes severe from mild-to-moderate social anxiety as revealed by a palm-sized near-infrared spectroscopy system.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Graduate School of Health Sciences, Gunma University, 3-39-22 Showa, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-8514, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to compare prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity among subjects with differing social anxiety (SA) severity levels to identify a possible biomarker for severe SA. Further, SA is generally under-diagnosed, so we examined if such measurements could be acquired conveniently, non-invasively, and at low cost using a portable near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system. We classified 96 participants into three groups based on Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) total score: Low SA (LSA, n = 40), Moderate SA (MSA, n = 39), and High SA (HSA, n = 17). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00702-020-02228-5DOI Listing

Evaluation of psychological reactions among teenage married girls in Palestinian refugee camps in Jordan.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Introduction: Girls married at an early age are more likely to be victims of violence from their husbands or their in-laws. This may lead them to experience mental problems such as post-traumatic stress, depression, and/or anxiety. There are a lack of data related to the psychological reactions among teenage married girls living at the Palestinians refugee camps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-020-01917-6DOI Listing

Prevalence of Juvenile Fibromyalgia Syndrome Among Children and Adolescents and its Relationship With Academic Success, Depression and Quality of Life, Çorum Province, Turkey.

Arch Rheumatol 2020 Mar 6;35(1):68-77. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aims to determine the frequency of juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS) among children and adolescents in Çorum Province, Turkey, and its impact by comparing the levels of academic success, depression and quality of life (QoL) in individuals with and without JFMS.

Patients And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on 476 children and adolescents (245 boys, 231 girls; mean age 13.81±2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5606/ArchRheumatol.2020.7458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322312PMC

The association between exposure to childhood maltreatment and the subsequent development of functional somatic and visceral pain syndromes.

EClinicalMedicine 2020 Jun 6;23:100392. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Midlands Health Data Research UK, University of Birmingham B152TT, United Kingdom.

Background: Childhood maltreatment is a global public health issue linked to a vast mortality and morbidity burden. This study builds on current literature to explore the risk of developing central sensitivity syndromes (CSS) (consisting of somatic and visceral pain syndromes) subsequent to childhood maltreatment exposure.

Methods: A retrospective population based open cohort study using the UK primary care database, 'The Health Improvement Network,' between 1st January 1995-31st December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100392DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329705PMC

The effect of co-morbid anxiety on remission from depression for people participating in a randomised controlled trial of the Friendship Bench intervention in Zimbabwe.

EClinicalMedicine 2020 Jun 27;23:100333. Epub 2020 May 27.

Research Support Centre, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: There is a lack of data from low- and middle-income countries on whether anxiety independently predicts a more chronic course for depression.

Methods: We undertook secondary data analysis of a cluster randomised controlled trial in Zimbabwe which had tested the effectiveness of the Friendship Bench intervention for common mental disorders compared to enhanced usual care. Inclusion for the current study was participants from the trial who had probable major depression at baseline, defined as scoring => 11 on the locally validated Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329733PMC

Medical Students and COVID-19: Challenges and Supportive Strategies.

Authors:
Sonal Chandratre

J Med Educ Curric Dev 2020 Jan-Dec;7:2382120520935059. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Central Wisconsin Regional Medical Campus, Wausau, WI, USA.

As coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to spread across the world, it is also adversely affecting medical student education. In addition, COVID-19 poses several challenges to medical students' physical and mental health and their professional identity formation. Medical students are experiencing increasing anxiety due to the COVID-19 disruption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2382120520935059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315659PMC

Transcendental Meditation for women affected by domestic violence: Study protocol of a pilot randomised, controlled trial.

Integr Med Res 2020 Dec 30;9(4):100432. Epub 2020 May 30.

Center for Social-Emotional Health and Consciousness, Maharishi International University, Fairfield, USA.

Background: Almost one in three women worldwide will be exposed to domestic and family violence some time in their life. This violence can contribute to physical, social, economic and psychological harm. Transcendental Meditation® (TM) may help to lessen the physical and emotional burden of domestic violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imr.2020.100432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327768PMC
December 2020

Circulating Cortisol in a Cohort of Depressive Patients.

Curr Health Sci J 2020 Jan-Mar;46(1):11-15. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania.

It has long been suspected that the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis plays a role in the pathophysiology of depression. Whether this association exists or not, and if it does, the degree of its significance, remain highly disputed. The issue is further complicated as no consensus currently exists on cortisol sampling timepoints or methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12865/CHSJ.46.01.02DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323722PMC

Success of assisted reproductive technology treatment and couple relationship: A pilot study on the role of romantic attachment.

Health Psychol Open 2020 Jan-Jun;7(1):2055102920933073. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Infertility is a deeply distressing experience, which can threaten important personal and martial goals, frequently affecting the psychophysical health. A supportive relationship and a secure romantic attachment appear to reduce infertility stress, as well as play a relevant role in the success of assisted reproductive technology treatments. The principal aim of the study is to investigate the predictive effect of romantic attachment, couple characteristics, quality of life and age on assisted reproductive technology outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055102920933073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323283PMC

LT4 and Slow Release T3 Combination: Optimum Therapy for Hypothyroidism?

Int J Endocrinol Metab 2020 Apr 7;18(2):e100870. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Context: Levothyroxine (LT4) is recommended as replacement therapy for thyroid hormone deficiency. However, some hypothyroid patients receiving LT4 therapy do not feel as well as healthy subjects. This article aimed to review current knowledge regarding LT4 monotherapy versus LT4+LT3 combination therapy and propose future directions regarding LT4+slow release T3 combination treatment for hypothyroidism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/ijem.100870DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322563PMC

Impostors Dare to Compare: Associations Between the Impostor Phenomenon, Gender Typing, and Social Comparison Orientation in University Students.

Front Psychol 2020 19;11:1225. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Applied Psychology: Work, Education and Economy, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Entering university is often associated with new surroundings and challenges, which can cause distress and might result in poor mental health. A phenomenon that was shown to be linked to low self-esteem, higher stress levels, anxiety, and depression in university students is the impostor phenomenon. Impostorism is defined as a conviction to be unintelligent despite one's academic success and was found to be closely associated with psychological femininity in previous studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318883PMC

Who Enjoys Teaching, and When? Between- and Within-Person Evidence on Teachers' Appraisal-Emotion Links.

Front Psychol 2020 19;11:1092. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Testing assumptions proposed by Frenzel's reciprocal model of teacher emotions (e.g., Frenzel, 2014), this study explored relations between teachers' appraisals concerning the attainment and importance of their teaching goals, and their emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318846PMC

Machine Learning for Differential Diagnosis Between Clinical Conditions With Social Difficulty: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Early Psychosis, and Social Anxiety Disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2020 19;11:545. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Autism Clinic for Translational Research, Child Neurodevelopment and Mental Health Team, Brain and Mind Centre, Children's Hospital Westmead l Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Autstralia.

Differential diagnosis in adult cohorts with social difficulty is confounded by comorbid mental health conditions, common etiologies, and shared phenotypes. Identifying shared and discriminating profiles can facilitate intervention and remediation strategies. The objective of the study was to identify salient features of a composite test battery of cognitive and mood measures using a machine learning paradigm in clinical cohorts with social interaction difficulties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00545DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319094PMC

Pharmacological Manipulation of K 7 Channels as a New Therapeutic Tool for Multiple Brain Disorders.

Front Physiol 2020 19;11:688. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, University of Texas Health San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, United States.

K 7 ("M-type," KCNQ) K currents, play dominant roles in controlling neuronal excitability. They act as a "brake" against hyperexcitable states in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Pharmacological augmentation of M current has been developed for controlling epileptic seizures, although current pharmacological tools are uneven in practical usefulness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.00688DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317068PMC

Anxious Behavior of Adult CD1 Mice Perinatally Exposed to Low Concentrations of Ethanol Correlates With Morphological Changes in Cingulate Cortex and Amygdala.

Front Behav Neurosci 2020 19;14:92. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Instituto de Biología Celular y Neurociencia (IBCN), Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Perinatal ethanol (EtOH) exposure is associated with high incidence of behavioral disorders such as depression and anxiety. The cerebral areas related with these consequences involve the corticolimbic system, in particular the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and cingulate cortex, although the latter has not been thoroughly studied yet. Different animal models of prenatal or perinatal EtOH exposure have reported morphofunctional alterations in the central nervous system, which could explain behavioral disorders along life; these results focus on youth and adolescents and are still controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2020.00092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319189PMC

Emotions and feelings in critical and emergency caring situations: a qualitative study.

BMC Nurs 2020 1;19:60. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Prehospital and Emergency Care, Faculty of Caring Science, Work life and Social Welfare,The Center of Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.

Background: Moral emotions are a key element of our human morals. Emotions play an important role in the caring process. Decision-making and assessment in emergency situations are complex and they frequently result in different emotions and feelings among health-care professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12912-020-00438-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331129PMC

Patient-Physician Interactions Regarding Dyspareunia with Endometriosis: Online Survey Results.

J Pain Res 2020 29;13:1579-1589. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

MyHealthTeams, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Introduction: Dyspareunia can be a debilitating symptom of endometriosis. We performed this study to examine women's experiences with painful sexual intercourse, the impact of dyspareunia on patients' lives, and perceptions of interactions with healthcare practitioners.

Methods: An anonymous 24-question online survey was provided through the social media network MyEndometriosisTeam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S248887DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7334010PMC

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression and Anxiety Among Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis Attending Treatment at Public Health Facilities in Southwest Ethiopia.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2020 28;16:1095-1104. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medical Science, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Depression and anxiety are the most commonly occurring psychiatric comorbidities among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Co-occurring anxiety and depression in PTB patients result in poor adherence to anti-tuberculosis medication. This in turn results in lower success rate of treatment and an upsurge in morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S249431DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326627PMC

Social enrichment by separated pair housing of male C57BL/6JRj mice.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 7;10(1):11165. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Research Facilities for Experimental Medicine (FEM), Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Laboratory male mice are often housed individually due to aggressive behavior or experimental requirements, though social isolation can cause welfare issues. As a strategy to refine housing of male mice, we introduce the separated pair housing system. A perforated transparent wall divides the cage into two compartments and allows olfactory, acoustic, and visual communication between the two mice but prevents fighting and injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67902-wDOI Listing

Adverse Childhood Communication Experiences Associated With an Increased Risk of Chronic Diseases in Adults Who Are Deaf.

Am J Prev Med 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

UMass/Boston Children's Hospital, Waltham, Massachusetts.

Introduction: This study explores adverse childhood communication experiences and its RRs for acquiring specific chronic diseases and mental health disorders in adults who are deaf and hard of hearing.

Methods: A cross-sectional design with snowball sampling was used to recruit adults who were deaf and hard of hearing and were born or became deaf in both ears before age 13 years. Patient-reported outcomes surveys in American Sign Language and English were disseminated to collect data about early life communication experiences with caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.04.016DOI Listing

Stress-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation negatively regulates fear memory in mice.

J Neuroinflammation 2020 Jul 7;17(1):205. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

The Brain Science Center, Beijing Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, No. 27 Taiping Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100850, China.

Background: Persistent inflammation dysregulation and cognitive decline have been associated with several trauma- and stress-related disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety disorder. Despite the abundant discoveries of neuroinflammation in such disorders, the underlying mechanisms still remain unclear.

Method: Wild-type and Nlrp3 mice were exposed to the electric foot shocks in the contextual fear memory paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12974-020-01842-0DOI Listing

The role of reassurance seeking in obsessive compulsive disorder: the associations between reassurance seeking, dysfunctional beliefs, negative emotions, and obsessive- compulsive symptoms.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 Jul 7;20(1):356. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Psychology, Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University, Emniyet Mahallesi Abant 1 Cad. No:10/2D Yenimahalle, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: This study investigates the association of reassurance seeking with obsessive compulsive (OC) symptoms, dysfunctional beliefs, and negative emotions.

Methods: Reassurance Seeking Questionnaire, Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory, Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire, Trait Anger Expression Inventory, and Guilt Inventory were applied to 53 obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) patients and 591 non-clinical participants.

Results: The results showed that the severity of the OC symptoms significantly predicted the carefulness of OCD patients during reassurance seeking, indicating increased carefulness during reassurance seeking as the severity of OC symptoms increased. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02766-yDOI Listing

The mental health of health care workers in Oman during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2020 Jul 8:20764020939596. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman.

Background: COVID-19 disease is one of the most destructive events that humanity has witnessed in the 21st century. It has impacted all aspects of life and all segments of populations, including already vulnerable health care providers.

Aims: This study sought to detect the prevalence of mental health issues in sample of physicians and nurses working in several health facilities in Oman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764020939596DOI Listing