220,187 results match your criteria Anxiety Stress And Coping[Journal]


Considerations for mood and emotion measures in mindfulness-based intervention research.

Curr Opin Psychol 2019 Feb 8;28:279-284. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Departments of Psychiatry and Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 06155, USA.

A large and growing body of work has examined the effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBI's), such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, on emotion-related outcomes, both in mental health settings and general populations. These studies vary widely in the approach to measurement of emotion-related measurements after MBI's. A systematic review of randomized clinical trials of MBIs was conducted with a focus on identifying what emotion-related assays were able to detect changes with MBI's, including scales and instruments (both self-report and clinician-rated) on constructs such as depression, anxiety, emotion regulation, and other mood states. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2352250X183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Relationship Between the Fecal Microbiota and Depression and Anxiety in Pediatric Patients With Orthostatic Intolerance.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2019 Apr 11;21(2). Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: Orthostatic intolerance (OI) is an important health problem for children and adolescents. The onset and exacerbation of OI are strongly affected by psychosocial factors. Intestinal microbial deviations, which are affected by food and lifestyle factors, are an important risk factor for adult psychiatry patients, but their roles in pediatric patients are unclear. Read More

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http://www.psychiatrist.com/PCC/article/Pages/2019/v21n02/18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.18m02401DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A placebo-controlled pilot study of a wearable morning bright light treatment for probable PTSD.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Evidence-based treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have poor uptake and remission rates, suggesting that alternative treatments are needed. Morning bright light may be an effective treatment for PTSD given its established effects on mood and sleep, however, there are no published trials.

Methods: We conducted a placebo-controlled pilot trial of a wearable light device, the Re-timer®, for individuals with probable PTSD. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/da.22897
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22897DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A Study to Explore the Parental Impact and Challenges of Self-Management in Children and Adolescents Suffering with Lymphedema.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):245-252

2 Department of Vascular medicine, CHU Saint Eloi, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Limited research has shown the impact lymphedema has on children and families. The aim of this study was to explore the parental experience of caring for a child or adolescent with lymphedema and the daily challenges of self-management and self-efficacy. Participants were recruited during an educational camp for children with lymphedema ( = 26). Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2018.0077
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0077DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A curious association of chronic homeopathic arsenic ingestion with nonspecific symptoms in a Swiss teenager.

Authors:
Sergio U Dani

Swiss Med Wkly 2019 Apr 17;149:w20071. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Medawar Institute for Medical and Environmental Research, Acangau Foundation, Paracatu, MG, Brazil, and PizolCare Praxis Sargans, Switzerland.

Arsenic is a toxicant that has no dose threshold below which exposures are not harmful. Here I report a curious association of chronic homeopathic arsenic ingestion with nonspecific symptoms in a Swiss teenager. For about 4 years she had taken globules of a freely purchasable homeopathic remedy containing inorganic arsenic (iAs), infinitesimally diluted to D6 (average arsenic content per single globule: 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4414/smw.2019.20071DOI Listing

Evaluation of affective temperament and anxiety-depression levels in fibromyalgia patients: a pilot study.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Başkent University School of Medicine, Psychiatry Department, Konya, Turkey.

Objective: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients have higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders than healthy controls. Affective temperament features are subclinical manifestations of mood disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the affective temperaments of FM patients and investigate their association with depression and anxiety levels and clinical findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0057DOI Listing

The positive impact of physical activity on the reduction of anxiety scores: a pilot study.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):434-440. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Professor of the Medical Program of the Metropolitan Institute of Higher Education/IMES - Univaço, Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Objectives: To compare anxiety scores between physical activity practitioners and sedentary, men and women and to relate them to physical activity frequency and age.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a sample of 256 regular aerobic physical activity practitioners was compared to a sample of 256 sedentary individuals (control group). Anxiety scores were quantified by Anxiety Inventory Spielberger State-Trait (STAI). Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.434DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The role of long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy in improving attachment patterns, defense styles, and alexithymia in patients with depressive/anxiety disorders.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):43-50. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Introduction: Long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (LTPP) emphasizes the centrality of intrapsychic and unconscious conflicts and their relation to development. Although there is evidence supporting the efficacy of LTPP in mental disorders, little research has been published on the efficacy of LTPP for depressive and anxiety disorders.

Objective: To examine whether patients with anxiety and depressive disorders demonstrate improvement in their attachment styles, defense styles, psychiatric symptoms, anxiety/depressive symptoms, and alexithymia with LTPP. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0144DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Dependency, mood instability, and inconsequence traits for discriminating borderline personality disorder.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):78-82. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Programa de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Psicologia , Universidade São Francisco (USF), Campinas , SP , Brazil .

Introduction: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is one of the most widely studied personality disorders (PDs). It recurrently shows traits of emotional lability, anxiety, separation insecurity, depressiveness, impulsiveness, risk exposure, and hostility, mainly affecting the domains of negative affectivity and antagonism.

Objectives: To investigate the most discriminant dimensions of the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory (Inventário Dimensional Clínico da Personalidade 2 [IDCP-2]) to distinguish people diagnosed with BPD from people without this diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2018-0010DOI Listing
February 2019

The effects of physical activity on anxiety, depression, and quality of life in elderly people living in the community.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):36-42. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU), Uberlândia, MG, Brazil.

Introduction: Health problems may negatively affect the psychological and physical aspects of life, influencing the quality of life of older adults. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of physical activity on quality of life, anxiety, and depression in the elderly population.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of 200 elderly people of both genders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0129DOI Listing
February 2019

Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety Disorders in Open Community Versus Clinical Service Recruitment: Meta-Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Apr 17;21(4):e11706. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Clinical, Neuro and Developmental Psychology, VU University, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Ample studies have shown the effectiveness of internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for anxiety disorders. These studies recruited their participants mainly from the community and, to a lesser extent, from within routine care services. Little is known about whether different recruitment strategies lead to different treatment effects. Read More

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http://www.jmir.org/2019/4/e11706/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11706DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Cannabis Use among Patients in a Rural Academic Palliative Care Clinic.

J Palliat Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.

Therapeutic cannabis is being more widely used by patients to manage multiple symptoms, but the patterns of use in the palliative care population are not well defined. The primary aim of this pilot study was to describe the use of cannabis among patients attending a palliative care clinic (PCC). The study was a retrospective chart review of patients seen at four different interval points during 2017 and 2018 in an ambulatory palliative care setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2018.0534DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Examining the role of cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance in predicting anxiety and depression.

Psychol Psychother 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, UK.

Objectives: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) proposes that cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance are inter-related processes underpinning distress. This study investigated whether worry, rumination, and stressful life events on the one hand and anxiety and depression on the other hand were mediated by cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance (bidirectional serial association).

Design: A questionnaire design was conducted cross-sectionally in a clinical sample (study 1; N = 57) and cross-sectionally and longitudinally in a non-clinical student sample (study 2; N = 106 and N = 97 respectively). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/papt.12233DOI Listing

Rats bred for high anxiety exhibit distinct fear-related coping behavior, hippocampal physiology, and synaptic plasticity-related gene expression.

Hippocampus 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Neuroscience, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.

The hippocampus is essential for learning and memory but also regulates emotional behavior. We previously identified the hippocampus as a major brain region that differs in rats bred for emotionality differences. Rats bred for low novelty response (LRs) exhibit high levels of anxiety- and depression-like behavior compared to high novelty responder (HR) rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hipo.23092DOI Listing

Emotion sensitivity and self-reported symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder across the lifespan: A population-based sample approach.

Brain Behav 2019 Apr 16:e01282. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute for Technology in Psychiatry, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts.

Background: Individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms show deficits in emotion processing, but results of prior studies have been conflicting, and little is known about developmental trajectories of emotion processing over time. We examined the association between GAD symptoms and sensitivity to recognizing emotional facial expressions (emotion sensitivity: ES) for three emotions (happiness, anger, fear) in a large, diverse, population-based sample. We hypothesized that higher anxiety scores would be associated with poorer performance, and expected that ES performance and anxiety scores would decline across the lifespan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1282DOI Listing

Psychological disorders and quality of life in oral lichen planus patients and a control group.

Oral Dis 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery and Implantology Unit. Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry., Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Objectives: oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common disease whose aetiopathogenesis is linked to psychological disorders. This study aims to determine the influence of anxiety and depression in OLP patients, define the perception of quality of life in these patients and check for potential differences between atrophic/ ulcerative and reticular lesions.

Material And Methods: a group of 48 OLP patients and a control group of 40 patients were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13106DOI Listing

Predictors of dental care utilization in north-central Appalachia in the USA.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Center for Oral Health Research in Appalachia, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Objectives: Dental utilization is an important determinant of oral health and well-being. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential associations between a variety of biopsychosocial factors and dental utilization in north-central Appalachia, USA, a region where oral health disparities are profound.

Methods: This study used household-based data from the Center for Oral Health Research in Appalachia (COHRA1) study in north-central Appalachia, including 449 families with 868 adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12453DOI Listing

Trusted to Learn: a Qualitative Study of Clerkship Students' Perspectives on Trust in the Clinical Learning Environment.

J Gen Intern Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Ave, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0410, USA.

Background: Trust informs supervision decisions in medical training. Factors that influence trust differ depending on learners' and supervisors' level. Research has focused on resident trainees; questions exist about how medical students experience entrustment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-04883-1DOI Listing
April 2019
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Role of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in the Mental Health of Preschoolers, Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" research group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Background: Evidence suggests that participation in physical activity may support young people's current and future mental health. Although previous reviews have examined the relationship between physical activity and a range of mental health outcomes in children and adolescents, due to the large increase in published studies there is a need for an update and quantitative synthesis of effects.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of physical activity interventions on mental health outcomes by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis, and to systematically synthesize the observational evidence (both longitudinal and cross-sectional studies) regarding the associations between physical activity and sedentary behavior and mental health in preschoolers (2-5 years of age), children (6-11 years of age) and adolescents (12-18 years of age). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01099-5DOI Listing

Change Across Time in Cancer-Related Traumatic Stress Symptoms of Siblings of Children with Cancer: A Preliminary Investigation.

J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA.

This pilot study examined changes in cancer-related post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) across time for siblings of children with cancer. Siblings (N = 32; aged 8-18) completed a measure of anxiety, the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS), and the PTSD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR (SCID) at twelve (SD = .9) and eighteen months (SD = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09618-2DOI Listing

Separation anxiety and gender variance in a community sample of children.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, ON, L5L 1C6, Canada.

In clinical child and retrospective adult samples, childhood gender variance (GV; i.e., cross-gender behaviour) has been associated with separation anxiety (SA; i. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00787-019-01319-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-019-01319-3DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Do Immediate Gains Predict Long-Term Symptom Change? Findings from a Randomized Trial of a Single-Session Intervention for Youth Anxiety and Depression.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Psychology Department, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA.

Single-session interventions (SSIs) can help reduce youth psychopathology, but SSIs may benefit some youths more than others. Identifying predictors of SSIs' effectiveness may clarify youths' likelihoods of benefitting from an SSI alone, versus requiring further treatment. We tested whether pre-to-post-SSI shifts in hypothesized symptom change mechanisms predicted subsequent reductions in youth internalizing symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-019-00889-2DOI Listing

The effectiveness of group training of cognitive behavioral therapy-based stress management on anxiety, hardiness and self-efficacy in female medical students.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 15;8:49. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) for anxiety, hardiness, and self-efficacy in female students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences.

Materials And Methods: This was an interventional study. A sample of 30 participants were selected through the available sampling method and randomly assigned into experimental (CBT) and control groups (each group, 15 female student). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_327_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432834PMC
February 2019

The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment group therapy on social anxiety in female dormitory residents in Isfahan university of medical sciences.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 15;8:41. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Aim And Background: Social anxiety can interfere with performance and academic success in students. One of the third-generation treatments for social anxiety is acceptance and commitment therapy. Therefore, the current study aims to determine the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment group therapy on social anxiety of female dormitory residents of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_111_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432841PMC
February 2019

Possible Role of Cyclic AMP Response Element Binding/Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Signaling Pathway in Mediating the Pharmacological Effects of Duloxetine against Methamphetamine Use-Induced Cognitive Impairment and Withdrawal-Induced Anxiety and Depression in Rats.

Adv Biomed Res 2019 21;8:11. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Duloxetine is used for treating depression and anxiety. The current study evaluated the effects of duloxetine against methamphetamine withdrawal-induced anxiety, depression, and motor disturbances and methamphetamine use-induced cognitive impairments.

Materials And Methods: Ninety-six adult male rats were used for two independent experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/abr.abr_34_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425746PMC
February 2019

The impact of multisite pain on functional outcomes in older adults: biopsychosocial considerations.

J Pain Res 2019 29;12:1115-1125. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Aging & Geriatric Research, Institute on Aging, Pain Research & Intervention Center of Excellence, Center for Cognitive Aging & Memory, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA,

Multisite pain, or pain that occurs simultaneously at >1 anatomical site, is more prevalent than single-site pain. While multisite pain affects over half of older adults, it remains an understudied pain entity that may have important functional implications in an aging population. Greater understanding of this complex pain entity from a biopsychosocial perspective is critical for optimizing clinical and functional outcomes in older adults with pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S192755DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445225PMC

A study of psychiatric morbidity among school going adolescents.

Indian J Psychiatry 2019 Mar-Apr;61(2):198-203

Department of Community Medicine, GMC, Patiala, Punjab, India.

Aim: This study aims to study the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among adolescents and compare its distribution in the urban and rural areas.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study.

Materials And Methods: One thousand adolescents aged 11 to 16 years studying in various private and government schools in urban and rural areas in district Patiala, Punjab were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_35_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425794PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Role of BDNF in the development of an OFC-amygdala circuit regulating sociability in mouse and human.

Mol Psychiatry 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Social deficits are common in many psychiatric disorders. However, due to inadequate tools for manipulating circuit activity in humans and unspecific paradigms for modeling social behaviors in rodents, our understanding of the molecular and circuit mechanisms mediating social behaviors remains relatively limited. Using human functional neuroimaging and rodent fiber photometry, we identified a mOFC-BLA projection that modulates social approach behavior and influences susceptibility to social anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41380-019-0422-4DOI Listing

Conditional Deletion of CC2D1A Reduces Hippocampal Synaptic Plasticity and Impairs Cognitive Function through Rac1 Hyperactivation.

J Neurosci 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute of Basic Medical Sciences

Coiled-coil and C2 domain containing 1A (CC2D1A) is an evolutionarily conserved protein, originally identified as a nuclear factor-κB activator through a large-scale screen of human genes. Mutations in the human gene result in autosomal recessive nonsyndromic intellectual disability. It remains unclear, however, how mutation leads to alterations in brain function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2395-18.2019DOI Listing

Persistence with opioids post discharge from hospitalisation for surgery in Australian adults: a retrospective cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 16;9(4):e023990. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, University of South Australia Division of Health Sciences, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Objective: To determine time to opioid cessation post discharge from hospital in persons who had been admitted to hospital for a surgical procedure and were previously naïve to opioids.

Design, Setting And Participants: Retrospective cohort study using administrative health claims database from the Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs (DVA). DVA gold card holders aged between 18 and 100 years who were admitted to hospital for a surgical admission between 1 January 2014 and 30 December 2015 and naïve to opioid therapy prior to admission were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023990DOI Listing

The Effect of an Audiovisual Preoperative Intervention in Reducing Parental Anxiety Prior to a Child's Sedation Appointment: A Pilot Study.

Pediatr Dent 2019 Mar;41(2):112-118

Dr. Mathu-Muju is associate professor of pediatric dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada;, Email:

The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether an audiovisual intervention was more effective than verbal instructions at reducing preoperative anxiety levels for parents whose children were having their first experience of dental treatment with the use of oral sedation. A prospective clinical trial was conducted. Parents were systematically assigned to either view an animated video (intervention group) or receive standardized verbal instructions (control group). Read More

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The impact of personalised risk information compared to a positive/negative result on informed choice and intention to undergo colonoscopy following colorectal Cancer screening in Scotland (PERICCS) - a randomised controlled trial: study protocol.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 16;19(1):411. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK.

Background: In Scotland a new, easier to complete bowel screening test, the Faecal Immunochemical Test (FIT), has been introduced. This test gives more accurate information about an individual's risk of having colorectal cancer (CRC), based on their age and gender, and could lead to fewer missed cancers compared to the current screening test. However, there is no evidence of the effect on colonoscopy uptake of providing individuals with personalised risk information following a positive FIT test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6734-0DOI Listing

Mental Health Status, Need, and Unmet Need for Mental Health Services Among U.S. Pacific Islanders.

Psychiatr Serv 2019 Apr 17:appips201800455. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Center for Healthy Communities, School of Medicine, University of California, Riverside (Subica); College of Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City (Aitaoto); School of Public Policy, University of California, Riverside (Link); Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles (Yamada, Henwood); Borrego Health, Borrego Springs, California (Sullivan).

Objective: This study examined the mental health status, need for services, and unmet need of community-dwelling Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders (NHPI).

Methods: Survey data were collected from 223 NHPI adults of Samoan or Marshallese heritage. Surveys were translated into Samoan and Marshallese by using back-translation, with feedback from cultural experts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201800455DOI Listing

An observational cohort study of exercise and education for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease not meeting criteria for formal pulmonary rehabilitation programmes.

Chron Respir Dis 2019 Jan-Dec;16:1479973119838283

1 National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is offered to patients with functional breathlessness. However, access to PR is limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1479973119838283DOI Listing

A Brief Spanish Version of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM). A Dispositional Mindfulness Measure.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 15;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Instituto de Investigación y Desarrollo Social Sostenible (INDESS), Universidad de Cádiz, 11405 Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, Spain.

Dispositional Mindfulness (DM) is the awareness of the thoughts and feelings in the present moment. DM in children and adolescents has been related to mechanisms of change in mindfulness-based interventions which have shown significant mediation relationships with mental health outcomes (for instance, lower social anxiety, depression symptoms, or perceived stress). However, the assessment of DM among children and adolescents is being unsatisfactory due cultural biases and/or reliability issues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081355DOI Listing

Low Zinc, Copper, and Manganese Intake is Associated with Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in the Japanese Working Population: Findings from the Eating Habit and Well-Being Study.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 15;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu 431-3192, Japan.

Epidemiological studies have suggested that there is an association between diet and mental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the intake of six minerals and mental disorders in a cross-sectional study. We used data from the Eating Habit and Well-being study in Japanese workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040847DOI Listing

Why does stress aggravate itch? A possible role of the amygdala.

Exp Dermatol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

University of Miami, Dr. Phillip Frost Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, Miami Itch Center, 1600 NW 10th Ave RMSB2063, Miami, FL, 33136, USA.

Stress is the exacerbating factor of itch across patients with chronic itch due to different origins. However, the precise mechanisms behind stress-induced exacerbation of itch remain unknown. Chronic stress induces hyperexcitability of the amygdala, the center of emotional processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/exd.13941DOI Listing

Assessing Costs Using the Treatment Inventory Cost in Psychiatric Patients (TIC-P), TIC-P Mini and TIC-P Midi.

J Ment Health Policy Econ 2019 Mar;22(1):15-24

Institute for Medical Technology Assessment (iMTA), Erasmus University Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, the Netherlands,

Background: The Treatment Inventory Cost in Psychiatric patients (TIC-P) instrument is designed to measure societal costs in patients with psychiatric disorders and to be applied in economic evaluations. Efforts have been made to minimize respondents' burden by reducing the number of questions and meanwhile retaining the comprehensiveness of the instrument. Previously, a TIC-P Mini version and a TIC-P Midi version were developed and tested in a predominantly inpatient patient population. Read More

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An idiographic statistical approach to clinical hypothesis testing for routine psychotherapy: A case study.

Behav Res Ther 2019 Mar 27;118:43-53. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.

In order to develop more targeted, efficient, and effective psychotherapeutic interventions, calls have been made in the literature for greater use of idiographic hypothesis testing. Idiographic analyses can provide useful information regarding mechanisms of change within individuals over time during treatment. However, it remains unclear how clinicians might utilize idiographic statistical analyses during routine treatment to test clinical hypotheses, and in turn, guide treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2019.03.014DOI Listing

The gut-brain relationship: Investigating the effect of multispecies probiotics on anxiety in a randomized placebo-controlled trial of healthy young adults.

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 8;252:271-277. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, Houston Baptist University, 7502 Fondren Rd, Houston, TX 77074, United States.

Intro: There has been an increased interest in understanding the therapeutic effect of gut-microbiota on health, particularly in mental health. However, limited research into the connection between gut-microbiota and mental health makes this study an important endeavor in exploring the effect of gut-microbiota, through probiotics intervention, on mental health like anxiety and factors related to anxiety (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.043DOI Listing

The effects of 'preferedness of task' on stress, emotion, and behaviour responses to forced activity transitions in boys with ASD.

Int J Dev Neurosci 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Brain-Behaviour Research Group, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Many children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit distress when asked to transition from one task to another. This study aimed to determine if physiological stress during transition was due to ASD-related rigidity or to their preference for some tasks over others.

Method: The effects of change of task alone versus a change in task 'preferedness' when undergoing forced activity transition were investigated in 29 boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2019.04.003DOI Listing

[The medical social aspects of adolescents' health maintenance].

Authors:
Iu V Eliseeva

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2019 Mar;27(2):113-117

The Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "The V. I. Razumovsky Saratov State Medical University" of Minzdrav of Russia, 410012, Saratov, Russia,

The study was carried out analyzing common patterns and features of effect of medical social factors and life-style to particular indices of health of adolescents aged 15-17 years attending various educational organizations. It is established that students of elder adolescent age are cooperated on the basis of particular life-style, characterized by long duration of using computer, low motional activity, wide prevalence of bad habits, deficiency of basic nutrients in diet. The study established high indices of personal and reactive anxiety among school children as compared with students of technical school. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.32687/0869-866X-2019-27-2-113-117DOI Listing
March 2019
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The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in obsessive-compulsive disorder subjects.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit (UPIA), Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Recent findings suggest an association between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Thus, we evaluated the clinical associated features of ADHD in a large sample of adult OCD patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including 955 adult patients with OCD from the Brazilian Research Consortium of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (C-TOC). Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/da.22898
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22898DOI Listing
April 2019
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"Just keep pushing": parents' experiences of accessing child and adolescent mental health services for child anxiety problems.

Child Care Health Dev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, UK.

Background: Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychopathologies in childhood, however a high proportion of children with anxiety disorders do not access effective treatments. The aim of the present qualitative study was to understand families' experiences of seeking help and accessing specialist treatment for difficulties with childhood anxiety.

Methods: Parents of 16 children (aged 7-12 years) referred to a child mental health service for difficulties with anxiety, were interviewed about their experiences of seeking and accessing treatment within CAMHS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cch.12672DOI Listing
April 2019
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Association between change in self-efficacy and reduction in disability among patients with chronic pain.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(4):e0215404. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pain Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate whether changes in psychosocial factors and pain severity were associated with reduction in disability due to pain among patients with chronic pain. We hypothesized that increased self-efficacy would reduce disability.

Patients And Methods: This longitudinal observational study included 72 patients. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215404PLOS
April 2019
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Work hazards and workers' mental health: an investigation based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey.

Med Lav 2019 Apr 19;110(2):115-129. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

.

Background: Workplace hazards are a significant source of health impairment for workers and of financial losses for firms. EU directives on workers' health and safety standards significantly contributed to reduce reported occupational injuries, yet the incidence and prevalence of work-related mental illness is still very high.

Objectives: We investigated the association between work-related hazards and individuals' perceived mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23749/mdl.v110i2.7640DOI Listing

Predictors of working alliance in cognitive behaviour therapy adapted for traumatic brain injury.

Neuropsychol Rehabil 2019 Apr 16:1-19. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

c Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Epworth HealthCare , Melbourne , Australia.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has the strongest preliminary support for treatment of depression and anxiety following traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI associated cognitive impairments may pose an obstacle to development of a strong working alliance, on which therapeutic gains depend. The current study examined the association of demographic (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09602011.2019.1600554DOI Listing

Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of caregiver self-assessment questionnaire.

Disabil Rehabil 2019 Apr 16:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

c Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine , Katip Çelebi University , Izmir , Turkey.

Objective: This study aims to translate the Caregiver Self-Assessment Questionnaire (CSAQ) into Turkish language and to test its reliability and validity in Turkish informal family caregivers.

Materials And Methods: This is a cross-sectional and methodological study. Eighty family caregivers (54. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09638288.2019.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2019.1587525DOI Listing
April 2019
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