240,905 results match your criteria Anxiety


Greater Prevalence of Mental Health Conditions in Septic Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Call to Action.

J Knee Surg 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of mental health conditions among patients undergoing (1) primary total knee arthroplasty (pTKA), (2) septic revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA), and (3) aseptic revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The State Inpatient Databases were queried for all TKAs from 2005 to 2014 yielding 563,144 patients. Patients were separated into the following cohorts: primary, septic revision, and aseptic revision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1713756DOI Listing

[A Police Perspective on the Interaction with Individuals with Mental Disorders].

Psychiatr Prax 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften Hamburg.

Objective: Police officers often come in contact with individuals suffering from behavior disturbances. The present study examined the subjective experience of these interactions from a police perspective to detect further needs in police trainings to make these interactions safer.

Methods: N = 958 police officers filled out a questionnaire regarding their subjective experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1190-7598DOI Listing

A web-based daily care training to improve the quality of life of mothers of children with cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled trial.

Res Dev Disabil 2020 Jul 10;105:103731. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Biosatistics Department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Mothers of moderately to severely affected children with cerebral palsy (CP) have to spend a long time to take care of their children. This time-consuming responsibility affects their physical and psychosocial health. Therefore, mothers as caregivers are required to receive special training to take care of their children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103731DOI Listing

Revisiting 'The Plague' by Camus: Shaping the 'social absurdity' of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Asian J Psychiatr 2020 Jul 8;54:102291. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Chairman Pakistan Psychiatric Research Centre, Fountain House Lahore, Pakistan & President Elect World Psychiatric Association, Pakistan.

COVID-19 has emerged as a global health threat. The catastrophic reaction to a pandemic in spite of knowing the deadly outcomes, has been referred to as the 'social absurdity'. Such reaction creates a negativistic outlook with regard to the infection, thus contributing to chaos and preventing containment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102291DOI Listing

The effect of final dissertation defence language, native vs. non-native, in the psychophysiological stress response of university students.

Physiol Behav 2020 Jul 10:113043. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Universidad Europea de Madrid, Faculty of Sport Sciences; Grupo de Investigación en Psicofisiología Aplicada, Universidad Europea de Madrid; Departamento de Educación, Universidad Antonio de Nebrija, Madrid. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to analyse the effect of final dissertation defense language in the autonomic stress response and cortical arousal of Physiotherapy students. We analysed in 110 students divided in 2 groups: native language (83) and non-native language (27), the autonomic stress response in four different moments of the dissertation defence; the cortical arousal and subjective perception of distress before and after the dissertation; and academic performance perception of students and the real performance obtained. Results showed a high sympathetic modulation at the beginning of the evaluation, which was maintained until the end of the evaluation in both groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.113043DOI Listing

Restraint stress activates defensive behaviors in male rats depending on age and housing condition.

Authors:
Hiroyuki Arakawa

Physiol Behav 2020 Jul 10:113073. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Psychology, Tokiwa University, 1-430-1 Miwa, Mito, Ibaraki 310-8585 JAPAN. Electronic address:

Restraint is a widely used experimental stress manipulation in animal models. It is still unclear, however, whether restraint is associated with physical fatigue leading to overall behavioral inhibition, or if it induces activation of defensive behaviors and strategies to protect against subsequent challenges. The aim of this study was to systematically investigate restraint effects in rats based on housing condition (isolation- vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.113073DOI Listing

Anxiety persists after recovery from acquired COVID-19 in anaesthesiologists.

J Clin Anesth 2020 Jul 7;67:109984. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2020.109984DOI Listing

Children overcoming picky eating (COPE) - A cluster randomised controlled trial.

Appetite 2020 Jul 10:104791. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Psychology, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, UK.

Objectives: Food neophobia limits dietary variety in children and adults. Interventions to alleviate the impact of neophobia on children's dietary variety have had varying success. The potential effectiveness of mindfulness, a process of bringing awareness to the present moment, has received little attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104791DOI Listing

Differential impact of stress and environmental enrichment on corticolimbic circuits.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2020 Jul 10:172993. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Pharmacology and Systems Physiology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, United States; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States; Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

Stress exposure can produce profound change in physiology and behavior that can impair health and well-being. Of note, stress exposure is linked to anxiety disorders and depression in humans. The widespread impact of these disorders warrants investigation into treatments to mitigate the harmful effects of stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pbb.2020.172993DOI Listing

Acceptance and commitment therapy for family caregivers: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Health Psychol 2020 Jul 10:1359105320941217. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Telehealth Private Practice: jeremyjenkins.icouch.me, Montana, USA.

Acceptance and commitment therapy is an emerging evidenced-based practice, but no systematic review regarding the effects of ACT on family caregivers has been conducted. This article examined the effects of ACT on family caregivers by conducting meta-analysis with a random effects model. Twenty-four articles were identified from four electronic databases searched up to 30 March 2020. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105320941217DOI Listing

[Telepsychiatry in adults and adolescents: a useful tool against CoViD-19.]

Recenti Prog Med 2020 Jul-Aug;111(7):411-414

Pediatria, Università Federico II, Napoli.

CoViD-19 is a disease caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), originated from China in December 2019. In March 2020, CoViD-19 was declared a pandemic, having spread all over the word. The psychological impact of CoViD-19 disease must be recognized alongside the physical symptoms for all those affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1701/3407.33923DOI Listing

Belief in Conspiracy Theory about COVID-19 Predicts Mental Health and Well-being: A Study of Healthcare Staff in Ecuador.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Universidad Politécnica Estatal del Carchi, Turkan, EC.

Background: Social media are becoming hotbeds of conspiracy theories, which aim to give resolute explanations on the cause of COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, no research has investigated whether individuals' belief in conspiracy theory about COVID-19 is associated with mental health and well-being issues. This association enables an assessable channel to identify and reach people with mental health and well-being issues during the pandemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/20737DOI Listing

The feasibility of acupuncture as an adjunct intervention for antenatal depression: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

J Affect Disord 2020 May 24;275:82-93. Epub 2020 May 24.

Professor of Mental Health, Translational Health Research Institute, School of Medicine Western Sydney University and Camden and Campbelltown Hospitals SWSLHD, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Antenatal depression is common and associated with adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and future generations. Limitations with conventional approaches has resulted in additional therapies being considered. This study examined the feasibility and effectiveness of acupuncture for improving mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.05.089DOI Listing

Coping behaviors associated with decreased anxiety and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jul 2;275:80-81. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), CIBERSAM, Barcelona, Spain; Early Psychosis: Interventions and Clinical-detection (EPIC) Laboratory, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatric Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown might increase anxiety and depressive symptoms, but some behaviors may protect against them.

Method: To provide a preliminary evidence of the behaviors associated with decreased symptoms in the current COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown, we conducted a survey of 5545 adult individuals from the Spanish general population, two weeks after an official lockdown was established across the country.

Results: Sixty-five percent of the sample reported anxiety or depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.027DOI Listing

Impact of coronavirus syndromes on physical and mental health of health care workers: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jun 25;275:48-57. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Early Psychosis: Interventions and Clinical-detection (EPIC) Lab, Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK; Section of Psychiatry, Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; OASIS service, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; National Institute for Health Research, Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: Health care workers (HCW) are at high risk of developing physical/mental health outcomes related to coronavirus syndromes. Nature and frequency of these outcomes are undetermined.

Methods: PRISMA/MOOSE-compliant (PROSPERO-CRD42020180205) systematic review of Web of Science/grey literature until 15th April 2020, to identify studies reporting physical/mental health outcomes in HCW infected/exposed to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome -SARS-, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome -MERS-, Novel coronavirus -COVID-19-. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.022DOI Listing

Posttraumatic growth as a buffer and a vulnerability for psychological distress in mothers who are breast cancer survivors.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jun 23;275:31-37. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria, 3122, Australia; Department of Cancer Experiences Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, 3000, Australia; Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Parkville Campus, Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: This study investigated the role of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in moderating the associations between parenting efficacy and psychological distress, and between fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and psychological distress, in mothers who are breast cancer survivors.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, mothers who were breast cancer survivors (N = 91) completed the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), Cancer-Related Parenting Self-Efficacy (CaPSE), Concerns About Cancer Recurrence (CARS) and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory Short Form (PTGI-SF). Hierarchical multiple linear regressions and simple-slope tests were used to examine the main effects of the predictors (CaPSE and CARS) and moderator (PTGI-SF), and interaction effects of CaPSExPTGI-SF and CARSxPTGI-SF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.013DOI Listing

Prevalence, risk factors and clinical correlates of depression in quarantined population during the COVID-19 outbreak.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jul 2;275:119-124. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 16 Lincui Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China; Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak has brought tremendous psychological pressure to the general population, which may lead to depression. Therefore, this study aim to evaluate the prevalence and clinical correlates of depressive symptoms in the general population quarantined during the COVID-19 outbreak in Shenzhen.

Methods: 2237 quarantined general individuals participated in this cross-sectional study from February 14 to March 4, 2020, during their 14 days quarantine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.035DOI Listing

An investigation of mental health status of children and adolescents in china during the outbreak of COVID-19.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jul 2;275:112-118. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China; Central Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The sudden outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a dramatic effect on the mental health of the public. In the present study, we demonstrated the psychological effects on children and adolescents associated with the epidemic .

Methods: By using convenience sampling method, questionnaires, such as Spence Child Anxiety Scale, Child Depression Inventory and Coping style Scale, were distributed to participating 359 children and 3254 adolescents online. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.029DOI Listing

The loneliness pandemic: Loneliness and other concomitants of depression, anxiety and their comorbidity during the COVID-19 outbreak.

J Affect Disord 2020 Jul 2;275:109-111. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Interdisciplinary Department of Social Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.036DOI Listing

Emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents with hearing loss and their effects on quality of life.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jul 10;137:110245. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Istanbul Dr Sadi Konuk Research and Training Hospital, Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Determination of mental functions in children with hearing loss is important in improving the quality of life of the child. Many scales have been developed for this purpose. In this study, it was aimed to determine the emotional and behavioral effects of both the child with hearing loss and the parent in the hearing loss and device process, and to investigate the effect of this situation on the quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110245DOI Listing

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES AND DIABETES IN CENTRAL MICHIGAN ADULTS.

Endocr Pract 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

From: Central Michigan University, College of Medicine, 1280 East Campus Dr., Mount Pleasant, MI USA 48859.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) predispose individuals to poor health outcomes as adults. Although a dose-response relationship between the number of ACEs and certain chronic illnesses has been shown, the impact of ACEs on diabetes is not thoroughly understood. To investigate the prevalence of ACEs in those with diabetes and the potential relationship to the severity of diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4158/EP-2020-0239DOI Listing

The Well-Being Index (WBI) for schools: A brief measure of adolescents' mental health.

Psychol Assess 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Authentic Connections.

Schools are increasingly concerned with the well-being of the whole child - likely, more so since the COVID-19 pandemic - and goals here were to document the psychometric properties of a brief new measure of adolescent mental health, the Well-Being Index (WBI). The measure assesses 4 symptom areas, 2 each of internalizing and externalizing symptoms-Depression, Anxiety, Rule-Breaking, and Substance Use-and an optional scale on Isolation at School. A total of 2,444 students from 2 high schools completed the WBI, the Youth Self-Report (YSR), and other related measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000913DOI Listing

"It's my own business!": Parental control over personal issues in the context of everyday adolescent-parent conflicts and internalizing disorders among urban Chinese adolescents.

Dev Psychol 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Graduate School of Education.

This study with 198 urban Chinese adolescents ( age = 16.0, = 1.46) and their parents investigated the impact of parental control over personal issues in the context of everyday conflicts and adolescent self-reports of internalizing disorders as measured by the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0001053DOI Listing

Risk and associated factors of depression and anxiety in men with prostate cancer: results from a German multicenter study.

Psychooncology 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Objective: In order to optimize psycho-oncological care, studies that quantify the extent of distress and identify certain risk groups are needed. Among patients with prostate cancer (PCa), findings on depression and anxiety are limited.

Methods: We analyzed data of PCa patients selected from a German multi-center study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pon.5471DOI Listing

Quantifying the burden of generalized tonic-clonic seizures in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy.

Epilepsia 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Cleveland clinic neurological institute, Cleveland clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objective: Compared to other seizure types, generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizures may be disproportionately related to increased morbidity, and reducing seizure frequency could translate into improvements across measures of morbidity in medically treated patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). The primary objective of this analysis was to quantify the burden of patients with DRE who experience GTC seizures (GTC+) compared to patients with DRE who do not experience GTC seizures (GTC-).

Methods: Adult patients from the Cleveland Clinic Epilepsy Center-Neurological Institute from 2012-2016 with DRE with epilepsy for at least 1 year were eligible for inclusion and were divided into GTC ± groups based on whether the patient had experienced a GTC seizure in the year preceding the first visit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.16603DOI Listing

The Effect of Unilateral Vestibular Loss on Standing Balance During Postural Threat.

Otol Neurotol 2020 Aug;41(7):e945-e951

School of Kinesiology.

Objective: Vestibular deficit patients have an increased fall risk and fear of falling. Postural threat, known to increase balance-related fear and anxiety, influences vestibular gains during quiet standing in young healthy adults. The current study examined whether there is a similar relationship for peripheral unilateral vestibular loss (UVL) patients in comparison to age-matched healthy controls (HC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002485DOI Listing

Experience of an 8-Week Online Mindfulness Intervention for Nursing Students: Qualitative Findings.

Nurse Educ 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Author Affiliations: Professor of Nursing (Dr Spadaro) and Professor of Nursing and Director (Dr Hunker), Nursing Programs, Chatham University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Nurses returning to school often have stressors of work, family, and other obligations. Strategies are needed to mitigate the additional stress and promote academic success. Mindfulness is one proposed strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000881DOI Listing

Job Insecurity and Financial Concern during the COVID-19 Pandemic are Associated with Worse Mental Health.

J Occup Environ Med 2020 Jul 14. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA (Jenna M. Wilson); University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA (Jerin Lee, Holly N. Fitzgerald, Barış Sevi, Natalie J. Shook); Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA (Benjamin Oosterhoff).

Objective: To determine whether job insecurity due to COVID-19 and financial concern were associated with worse mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Method: Participants (N = 474 employed U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001962DOI Listing

The Efficacy and Safety of Piribedil Relative to Pramipexole for the Treatment of Early Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Literature Review and Network Meta-Analysis.

Clin Neuropharmacol 2020 Jul/Aug;43(4):100-106

Doctor Evidence, Santa Monica, CA.

Objectives: Patients with early Parkinson disease (PD) frequently defer initiation of levodopa treatment to minimize long-term complications. Nonergoline dopamine agonists, such as pramipexole and piribedil, are frequent first-line therapies for early PD patients, yet limited head-to-head randomized controlled trial (RCT) evidence exists for dopamine agonists in this population. We therefore conducted a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNF.0000000000000400DOI Listing

Cognitive behavior therapy-based intervention for a subacute stroke patient with severe fear of falling: a case report.

Int J Rehabil Res 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tokyo Bay Rehabilitation Hospital, Narashino.

We present the case of a 42-year-old man with subacute stroke who developed remarkable fear of falling and eventually recovered with an approach based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The CBT-based approach was implemented after the patient developed significant fear of falling with exacerbated obsessive-compulsive symptoms appeared immediately after a fall. The patient's anxiety decreased over time, and his ability to perform these tasks and activities of daily living improved accordingly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MRR.0000000000000425DOI Listing

Chronic Illness and Fatigue in Older Individuals: A Systematic Review.

Rehabil Nurs 2020 Jul 11. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.

Background: Fatigue is a symptom experienced by 40%-74% of older individuals in the United States. Despite its significance, clinicians face challenges helping individuals to manage or reduce fatigue levels. Some management issues are attributable to the ambiguity around the risk factors, consequences, and the effect of fatigue management strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RNJ.0000000000000278DOI Listing

"The impact of anxiety and upper limb disability on participation levels in people with dystonia: an observational cross-sectional case-control study".

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

PhD, MD. Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. Carretera de Colmenar Viejo, Km. 9,1. CP. 28034 Madrid.

Objective: This study sought to evaluate the level of anxiety in people with dystonia and to examine a possible relationship between the level of participation, anxiety, and functional limitations.

Design: An observational, cross-sectional, case-control study with 12 cases of focal dystonia and 12 healthy controls aged between 18 and 75 years old. The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), the QuickDASH scale and the Measure of Participation and ACTivities (IMPACT-S) were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001525DOI Listing

Statement of the Independent Forensic Expert Group on Conversion Therapy.

Torture 2020 ;30(1):66-78

IFEG. Correspondence to:

Conversion therapy is a set of practices that aim to change or alter an individual's sexual orientation or gender identity. It is premised on a belief that an individual's sexual orientation or gender identity can be changed and that doing so is a desirable outcome for the individual, family, or community. Other terms used to describe this practice include sexual orientation change effort (SOCE), reparative therapy, reintegrative therapy, reorientation therapy, ex-gay therapy, and gay cure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7146/torture.v30i1.119654DOI Listing
January 2020

Parrilla urethra: A sequalae of electric shock torture to genitals in men. A 40 case series in Kashmir (India).

Torture 2020 ;30(1):40-48

Directorate of Health Services Kashmir.Correspondence to:

Introduction: Since the 20th century, electric shock torture has become one of the most prevalent methods of torture partly because it produces sequelae that are more challenging to visibly detect, particularly when administered using high voltage and low current. In sexual torture, a wire is wrapped around the head of the penis and a wire electrode is inserted into the urethra.This produces unbearable pain and can lead to urethral strictures with devastating physical and psychological consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7146/torture.v30i1.105661DOI Listing
January 2020

Economic Hardship, Ocular Complications, and Poor Self-reported Visual Function are Predictors of Mental Problems in Patients with Uveitis.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2020 Jul 13:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base and Key Laboratory of Vision Science, Ministry of Health, The Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University , Wenzhou, China.

Purpose: To characterize the quality of life and mental health status of patients with uveitis and investigate predictors of psychological problems.

Methods: A total of 245 patients and 105 controls were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Quality of life, psychological status, socio-demographic and clinical data were obtained from questionnaires and medical records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09273948.2020.1770297DOI Listing

UpdatesMental support for health care professionals essential during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Anxiety and Depression, GGz Breburg, Tilburg, the Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa107DOI Listing

Increased generalized anxiety, depression and distress during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study in Germany.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

University of Duisburg-Essen, Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LVR University Hospital Essen, 45147 Essen, Germany.

Background: Since the first cases of the novel coronavirus disease SARS-CoV-2 were reported in December 2019 in China, the virus has spread in most countries. The aim of the present study was to assess initial data on the mental health burden of the German public during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Germany and collected complete datasets from 15 704 German residents aged 18 years and over. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa106DOI Listing

Alexithymia is a non motornon-motor symptom of essential tremor regardless of the presence of depression and anxiety.

Neurol Res 2020 Jul 13:1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, University of Texas Southwestern , Dallas TX, USA.

Objective: Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common movement disorders. Aside from tremor, patients may exhibit other motor features as well as non-motor features, including neuropsychiatric symptoms. The cerebellum and cerebellar connections are thought to play a key role in the pathophysiology of ET. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01616412.2020.1792702DOI Listing

Depression and Anxiety Subgroups Across Alcohol Use Disorder and Substance Use in a National Epidemiologic Study.

J Dual Diagn 2020 Jul 10:1-13. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Psychology, The City College of New York, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: The high prevalence of alcohol/substance use among individuals with psychiatric disorders elucidates the import of investigations into associations between types and severity of psychiatric symptoms and alcohol/substance use. This study examined the likelihood of alcohol use disorder and substance use among individuals with varying depression and anxiety symptoms and severity thereof. Differences across sex were also examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15504263.2020.1784498DOI Listing

The Mediating Role of Psychological Distress in the Association between Harassment and Alcohol Use among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Military Personnel.

Subst Use Misuse 2020 Jul 12:1-9. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Independent, Teaneck, New Jersey, USA.

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of psychological distress on the associations between two forms of harassment, military sexual trauma (MST) and sexual orientation-based discrimination (SOBD), and alcohol use in a sample of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) military personnel. Data were analyzed from 254 LGB military service members in the United States. Bivariate associations were examined between MST, SOBD, anxiety and depression, distress in response to stressful military events, and alcohol use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2020.1790007DOI Listing

Personality traits as predictors of exercise treatment adherence in major depressive disorder: lessons from a randomised clinical trial.

Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2020 Jul 12:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Body@Work, TNO-VU University Amsterdam Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the determinants of adherence in the EFFORT-D (EFFect Of Running Therapy) study in a specialised mental health care hospital setting.

Methods: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) were given treatment as usual and half were randomised to an exercise intervention. Adherence was measured at 3 months (T3) and 6 months (T6) and was defined as participation in the overall study protocol (total  = 42, adhered  = 28) or intervention (total  = 24, adhered  = 9). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13651501.2020.1787452DOI Listing

Psychological interventions for people with motor neuron disease: a scoping review.

Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener 2020 Jul 13:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Division of Health Research, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.

Objective: Motor neuron disease (MND) is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative condition with no known cure. MND can affect every aspect of a person's life and has been associated with a wide range of psychological difficulties, which can occur from pre-diagnosis through to the condition's later stages. However, very little research has been conducted on psychological interventions for people with MND (pwMND). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21678421.2020.1788094DOI Listing

Cognitive and brain micro-structural correlates of alexithymia in essential tremor patients.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Jul 11:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Radiology, Bezmialem Foundation University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Essential tremor (ET) is the most common movement disorder which has both motor and non-motor findings such as neuropsychiatic symptoms. Alexithymia is defined as inability to identify and describe emotions experienced by one's self or others. In our study, we aimed to evaluate the neurocognitive and brain micro-structural correlates of alexithymia in ET. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23279095.2020.1786693DOI Listing

Risk factors for psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel: Loneliness, age, gender, and health status play an important role.

Br J Health Psychol 2020 Jul 13. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Objective: Research on the psychological toll of the COVID-19 pandemic is being conducted in various countries. This study aimed to examine risk factors for mental health problems among Israeli adults during this crisis.

Methods: A total of 204 participants took part in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12455DOI Listing

Supporting and preparing patients for radiotherapy: Patients' and radiation therapists' perspectives on their one-to-one consultations.

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2020 Jul 13:e13284. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Cancer Experiences Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Objective: Patients are often anxious and lack knowledge of radiotherapy prior to commencing treatment. Evidence-based interventions are required to reduce patient anxiety and increase patient preparation before treatment. This study is part of a larger project examining the effectiveness of an innovative preparatory intervention "RT Prepare," to reduce patient psychological distress prior to treatment for breast cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecc.13284DOI Listing

Strategies to Reduce Use of Antidepressants.

Authors:
Tony Kendrick

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Primary Care, Population Sciences & Medical Education, University of Southampton, Aldermoor Health Centre, Southampton, SO16 5ST.

Antidepressant prescribing has increased year on year since the introduction of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the 1980s. More than 10% of adults in England are now taking antidepressants for depression/anxiety, with a median length of treatment of more than two years, but antidepressants can cause side effects and withdrawal symptoms which increase with longer use. Surveys of antidepressant users suggest 30-50% have no evidence based indication to continue, but coming off antidepressants is often difficult due to fears of relapse, withdrawal symptoms, and a lack of psychological treatments to replace maintenance treatment and prevent relapse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcp.14475DOI Listing

A Diagnostic Biomarker for Pediatric Generalized Anxiety Disorder Using the Error-Related Negativity.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-5766, USA.

The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential following a mistake that is a putative biomarker of anxiety. The study assessed the ERN as a diagnostic biomarker using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in 96 cases with anxiety disorders (AD) and 96 matched healthy controls (HC) ages 8 to 18 years. Forty-one cases had generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); 55 cases had other anxiety disorders (OAD) without GAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-020-01021-5DOI Listing

Maternal separation induces long-term oxidative stress alterations and increases anxiety-like behavior of male Balb/cJ mice.

Exp Brain Res 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Lab (DCNL), Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Avenida Ipiranga, 6681, prédio 11, sala 936-Partenon, Porto Alegre, RS, 90619-900, Brazil.

Early life stress (ELS) exposure is a well-known risk factor for the development of psychiatric conditions, including anxiety disorder. Preclinical studies show that maternal separation (MS), a classical model of ELS, causes hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis alterations, a key contributor to the stress response modulation. Given that HPA axis activation has been shown to induce oxidative stress, it is possible to hypothesize that oxidative stress mediates the relationship between chronic ELS exposure and the development of several disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-020-05859-yDOI Listing