290,424 results match your criteria Anxiety

Risk factors for fear of falling in stroke patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 30;12(6):e056340. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

School of Nursing, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, China

Objective: Even though 32%-83% for fear of falling (FoF) in patients with stroke, very little is known about the predictors of the problems. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the literature on risk factors for FoF in patients with stroke.

Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Grey literature and other relevant databases for related publications were searched (from inception to 17 July 2021). Read More

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Mental health and working constraints of first-year PhD students in health and science in a French university: a cross-sectional study in the context of occupational health monitoring.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 30;12(6):e057679. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

UMRESTTE, UMR T_9405, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France.

Objectives: To assess the mental health and working constraints perception of first-year PhD in France.

Design: It is a cross-sectional study.

Setting: The study was conducted by the team of the Lyon 1 University's Occupational Health and Medical Service for Staff, from October 2019 to February 2020. Read More

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The effects of the application of the "disease-characteristics nursing quality improvement" programme to nursing practice for patients after the resection of pituitary adenomas using the endonasal transsphenoidal approach.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Nursing, Ningbo First Hospital, Ningbo 315010,China,. Electronic address:

Purpose: To explore the application and effect of the "one disease, one product" project to the nursing care of patients who have undergone pituitary tumour surgery using the nasal sphenoid approach.

Method: This is a prospective research study. In a standard treatment control study, 132 patients undergoing transnasal pituitary tumour surgery were divided into the control group (n = 71) and the observation group (n = 61). Read More

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in pediatric Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator patients and their parents.

Heart Rhythm 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University SOM, Stanford, CA.

Background: An ICD in the pediatric patient (and the precipitating events that led to ICD placement) can be traumatic for patients and their families and may lead to PTSD.

Objective: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of PTSD in pediatric ICD patients and their parents and identify the factors associated with PTSD incidence.

Methods: Pediatric participants with an ICD ages 8-21 years and parents of youth ages 0-21 years completed surveys that included demographics and PTSD measures. Read More

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Inflammation, Amygdala-Ventromedial Prefrontal Functional Connectivity and Symptoms of Anxiety and PTSD in African American Women Recruited from an Inner-City Hospital: Preliminary Results.

Brain Behav Immun 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322; Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322. Electronic address:

Inflammatory stimuli have been shown to impact brain regions involved in threat detection and emotional processing including amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), and to increase anxiety. Biomarkers of endogenous inflammation, including inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein (CRP), are reliably elevated in a subset of patients with depression and anxiety-related disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and have been associated with high anxiety in population studies. We previously reported that plasma CRP and cytokines in patients with depression were negatively correlated with resting-state functional connectivity (FC) between right amygdala and vmPFC, as assessed using both ROI to voxel-wise and targeted FC approaches, in association with symptoms of anxiety, particularly in patients with comorbid anxiety disorders or PTSD. Read More

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The role of body dissatisfaction and self-compassion in pregnancy-related anxiety.

J Affect Disord 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

School of Psychology, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia.

Background: Women undergo significant physical, physiological, and psychological changes during pregnancy. They are also exposed to sociocultural pressure to meet appearance-related ideals. These pregnancy-related changes and sociocultural appearance-related pressures may place pregnant women at greater vulnerability to developing body dissatisfaction and psychological distress. Read More

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Antianhedonic effects of serial intravenous subanaesthetic ketamine in anxious versus nonanxious depression.

J Affect Disord 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; The first School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Patents with anxious depression have poor treatment outcomes compared to their nonanxious counterparts. Ketamine has a rapid and robust antianhedonic effect, independent of depressive symptoms. The difference in the antianhedonic effect of ketamine between patients with anxious versus nonanxious depression remains unknown. Read More

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Psychometric properties of the EURO-D scale of depressive symptomatology: Evidence from SHARE wave 8.

J Affect Disord 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Methodology for the Behavioral Sciences, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: The EURO-D is a short scale to measure symptoms of depression, very used in large population surveys. Although there are numerous validation studies, its psychometric properties remain unclear. The two-factor structure (Affective Suffering and Lack of Motivation) is replicated in several studies but with different item compositions, and none reported reliability indices for both factors. Read More

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Habituating to pandemic anxiety: Temporal trends of COVID-19 anxiety over sixteen months of COVID-19.

J Affect Disord 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Centro de Pesquisa Clínica, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

The impact of COVID-19 anxiety on mental health and its association with preventive measures is well-established. We aimed to study how COVID-19 anxiety and its dimensions vary over time (16 months) in a sample of individuals (N = 2717) suffering from mental distress in the pandemic context that participated in a randomized clinical trial testing psychosocial interventions in Brazil. Results showed that pandemic anxiety reduced over time. Read More

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Psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy to treat psychiatric and existential distress in life-threatening medical illnesses and palliative care.

Neuropharmacology 2022 Jun 27:109174. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Bethesda, MD, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Psychiatric and existential distress commonly occur in advanced cancer and other serious, life-threatening or end-of-life medical illnesses and are associated with poor medical and psychiatric outcomes. Currently available treatment modalities in this patient population, including medication and psychotherapy, are limited in effectiveness, especially regarding existential distress. The lack of effective psycho-spiritual interventions is a critical shortcoming in palliative care and represents a high unmet need in medicine. Read More

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Dopamine-transporter heterozygous rats carrying maternal wild-type allele are more vulnerable to the development of compulsive behavior.

Synapse 2022 Jun 30. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Center for Behavioural Sciences and Mental Health, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Compulsivity is defined as an unstoppable tendency towards repetitive and habitual actions, which are reiterated despite negative consequences. Polydipsia is induced preclinically by intermittent reward leading rodents to ingest large amounts of fluids. We focused on the role of dopamine transporter (DAT) and inheritance factors in compulsive behavior. Read More

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The CannTeen Study: Cannabis use disorder, depression, anxiety, and psychotic-like symptoms in adolescent and adult cannabis users and age-matched controls.

J Psychopharmacol 2022 Jun 30:2698811221108956. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Adolescence is characterised by psychological and neural development. Cannabis harms may be accentuated during adolescence. We hypothesised that adolescents would be more vulnerable to the associations between cannabis use and mental health and addiction problems than adults. Read More

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Gambling and gaming during COVID-19: The role of mental health and social motives in gambling and gaming problems.

Compr Psychiatry 2022 Jun 12;117:152331. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Faculty of Social Sciences, Tampere University, 33014 Tampere, Finland.

Background: The uncertain and stressful global situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to cause anxiety and impact people's mental health. Simultaneously, social distancing policies have isolated people from their normal social interactions. These societal changes have inevitably influenced gambling and gaming practices, and many people may have turned to betting or gaming as a means of social exchange. Read More

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Consensus marking as a grading method for the development of evaluative judgement: Comparing assessor and students.

Nurse Educ Pract 2022 Jun 23;63:103386. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Caring Futures Institute, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Australia. Electronic address:

Aim: This study explored postgraduate nursing students' perceptions, anxiety and satisfaction of an innovative and novel grading method for online vivas, consensus marking, compared with traditional assessor judgement.

Background: Reflection, self-evaluation and feedback conversations have the potential to develop nursing students' evaluative judgement. Consensus marking is a novel method of grading students' performance that supports students to reflect, self-evaluate and grade their own work. Read More

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Risk estimates of anxiety and depressive disorders among primary care patients with chronic medical illness - A Indian study.

Asian J Psychiatr 2022 Jun 16;74:103190. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

NIMHANS, Bangalore, India. Electronic address:

Risk estimates of depression and anxiety disorders in primary care patients was studied in 7017 patients from 71 primary health centres in Kerala, India. When compared to those without, patients with a single chronic medical illness had approximately 3-4-fold higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders; this increases to 6-fold when the number of medical illnesses is two or more. Patients with hypertension, diabetes, epilepsy, tuberculosis, asthma, and arthritis had higher odds of depression after controlling for socio-demographic variables and co-occurring medical illnesses. Read More

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Mothers' Anxiety to Aggravated Acute Fear of Earthquakes in the City of Zagreb in the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Psychiatr Danub 2022 ;34(2):370-373

University Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinical Hospital Sveti Duh, School of Medicine Zagreb, Catholic University of Croatia, Croatian Academy of Medical Sciences, Sveti Duh 64, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Here we present the results of a psychometric investigation on current fear of COVID-19 infection aggravated by the earthquake-induced stress in the group of puerperal women.

Subjects And Methods: A group of 16 hospitalized puerperal women that gave birth at Clinical Hospital Sveti Duh in Zagreb, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology were enrolled in retrospective clinical investigation. All the patients delivered during COVID-19 pandemic and experienced devastating earthquake on March 22nd. Read More

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January 2022

Relationship Between Optimism-Pessimism Levels of Mothers and Anxiety Levels of Children in Turkey During COVID-19 Pandemic.

Psychiatr Danub 2022 ;34(2):364-369

Department of Child Development, Uskudar University, Uskudar, Turkey.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic affects all aspects of the population including children, elderly, and vulnerable people. The aim of this study is to examine, for the first time, the relationship optimism-pessimism levels of mothers and anxiety level of children in turkey during COVID-19 pandemic.

Subjects And Methods: Optimism-Pessimism Scale and Preschool Anxiety Scale were used to collect data from a representative sample of 33,362 mothers with children aged 3-6 years. Read More

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January 2022

State-Trait Anxiety Condition and Its Affecting Factors in Pregnant Women Linked to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Psychiatr Danub 2022 ;34(2):356-363

University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Midwifery, Selimiye Neighborhood, Tıbbiye Street, No: 38, 34668 Uskudar, Istanbul, Turkey,

Background: This study intends to address the COVID-19 pandemic process with specific regard to pregnant women, aiming to determine their state-trait anxiety levels.

Subjects And Methods: The study has a quantitative design. Ethical permissions were obtained, data were collected digitally, and power analysis was performed for sample size. Read More

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January 2022

Anxiety and Treatment Adherence among Glaucoma Patients during COVID-19 Pandemic and Earthquakes in Croatia.

Psychiatr Danub 2022 ;34(2):348-355

Department of Ophthalmology, Zagreb University Hospital Center, Kišpatićeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia,

Background: The COVID-19 epidemic and earthquakes in Croatia during 2020 suddenly disrupted everyday life and caused psychological disturbances in population. The purpose of the present study was to assess the prevalence of anxiety symptoms and the level of treatment adherence in glaucoma patients during the pandemic. The paper also aimed to evaluate the correlation between anxiety symptoms, treatment adherence and treatment outcomes in the studied cohort. Read More

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January 2022

Gender Differences in the Symptomatology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Syrian Refugees Settled in a Camp in Turkey.

Psychiatr Danub 2022 ;34(2):253-262

Department of Psychiatry, Bagcilar Research and Training Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: This study firstly described gender differences in traumatic experiences and the symptomatology and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), among Syrian refugees settled in a camp in Turkey. Secondly, we aimed to discuss the reasons for gender differences, by comparing with the studies conducted on these Syrian refugees of the same culture who are the victims of the same war in their new settlement where they had been forced to migrate.

Subjects And Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 352 refugees, randomly selected from a single settlement. Read More

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January 2022

The Efficacy and Safety of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Treatment-Resistant Bipolar Depression.

Psychiatr Danub 2022 ;34(2):236-244

Pamukkale University, Department of Psychiatry, Kınıklı Campus Pamukkale, Denizli, Turkey.

Background: The aim of the current study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) treatment, a non-invasive brain stimulation technique, on depressive symptoms in treatment-resistant bipolar depression (TRBD).

Subjects And Methods: The study included 29 patients between the ages of 18-65, with bipolar disorder depressive episode according to DSM-5 and with the decision of non-response to treatment according to the Canadian Mood and Anxiety Treatment Network (CANMAT). Patients were divided into two groups double-blind-randomly, 20 sessions of TMS and 20 sessions of sham TMS were applied crossover. Read More

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January 2022

Yoga's Therapeutic Effect on Perinatal Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Psychiatr Danub 2022 ;34(2):195-204

Key Laboratory of Environmental Medical Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210009, Jiangsu, China.

Introduction: In recent years, the incidence of perinatal depression in female population is very high. Perinatal depression has adverse effects on the physical and mental health of mothers and children. However, according to current researches, Yoga has been considered as an effective exercise that can help pregnant women to regulate their emotions. Read More

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January 2022

A specific circuit in the midbrain detects stress and induces restorative sleep.

Science 2022 Jul 30;377(6601):63-72. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK.

In mice, social defeat stress (SDS), an ethological model for psychosocial stress, induces sleep. Such sleep could enable resilience, but how stress promotes sleep is unclear. Activity-dependent tagging revealed a subset of ventral tegmental area γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-somatostatin (VTA) cells that sense stress and drive non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and REM sleep through the lateral hypothalamus and also inhibit corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) release in the paraventricular hypothalamus. Read More

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Sleeping off stress.

Science 2022 Jul 30;377(6601):27-28. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Leiden Academic Center for Drug Research, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands.

Social defeat activates midbrain cells, promoting sleep and reducing anxiety in mice. Read More

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The Chinese version of the Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure (MACE) scale: Psychometric properties in a sample of young adults.

PLoS One 2022 30;17(6):e0270709. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.

There are several effective self-report instruments used by Chinese researchers to retrospectively assess exposure to childhood maltreatment. However, these measures do not assess the timing of exposure, restricting efforts to identify periods of development when childhood maltreatment maximally increases vulnerability to psychopathology and health outcomes. In the current study we created a Chinese version of the Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure (MACE) scale, which assesses multiplicity (number of types of maltreatment experienced) and severity of maltreatment as well as when it occurred during childhood and adolescence. Read More

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Psychiatric comorbidity and psychosocial stressors among people initiating HIV care in Cameroon.

PLoS One 2022 30;17(6):e0270042. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Institute for Implementation Science in Population Health, City University of New York, New York, NY, United States of America.

Background: Psychiatric comorbidity, the presence of two or more mental health disorders, has been associated with suboptimal HIV treatment outcomes. Little is known about the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity among people with HIV (PWH) in sub-Saharan Africa.

Methods: We conducted interviews with PWH initiating HIV care in Cameroon between June 2019 and March 2020. Read More

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Racial/Ethnic disparities in drug use during the COVID 19 pandemic: Moderating effects of non-profit substance use disorder service expenditures.

PLoS One 2022 30;17(6):e0270238. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

School of Social Work, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States of America.

The COVID-19 pandemic influenced individuals' anxiety and depression across the United States over a short period, and some Americans relied on drugs for coping. This study examines American adults' drug use trajectories in response to changing anxiety and depression levels during the COVID-19 pandemic and the moderating role of substance use disorder (SUD) services provided by non-profit facilities in anxiety/depression-induced drug use. Heterogeneity in such relationships is further explored based on race/ethnicity. Read More

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The Italian COVID-19 Anxiety Syndrome Scale (C-19ASS): investigation of the COVID-19 Anxiety Syndrome and its association with psychological symptoms in an Italian population.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2022 Jun 30. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University 103 Borough Road, London, London, UK.

Introduction: The COVID-19 Anxiety Syndrome Scale (C-19ASS) is a quick and reliable scale assessing dysfunctional coping strategies activated in response to COVID-19 fear and threat. The present study aimed to provide a preliminary validation of the Italian version of the C-19ASS and investigated whether the C-19ASS would mediate the relationship between the Big Five personality traits and psychological outcomes.

Method: In Study 1, a community sample of 271 participants completed the Italian version of the C-19ASS and results were subjected to a Principal Component Analysis. Read More

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Caregiver Expectations of Interfacing With Voice Assistants to Support Complex Home Care: Mixed Methods Study.

JMIR Hum Factors 2022 Jun 30;9(2):e37688. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Department of Systems Design Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Background: Providing care in home environments is complex, and often the pressure is on caregivers to document information and ensure care continuity. Digital information management and communication technologies may support care coordination among caregivers. However, they have yet to be adopted in this context, partly because of issues with supporting long-term disease progression and caregiver anxiety. Read More

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