81 results match your criteria Anthropological Science[Journal]


The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia.

Science 2018 07;361(6397):88-92

Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the "two-layer" hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aat3628DOI Listing
July 2018
71 Reads
31.480 Impact Factor

Ancient human parallel lineages within North America contributed to a coastal expansion.

Science 2018 06;360(6392):1024-1027

Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, UK.

Little is known regarding the first people to enter the Americas and their genetic legacy. Genomic analysis of the oldest human remains from the Americas showed a direct relationship between a Clovis-related ancestral population and all modern Central and South Americans as well as a deep split separating them from North Americans in Canada. We present 91 ancient human genomes from California and Southwestern Ontario and demonstrate the existence of two distinct ancestries in North America, which possibly split south of the ice sheets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aar6851DOI Listing
June 2018
23 Reads

Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory.

Science 2018 07 17;361(6397):92-95. Epub 2018 May 17.

Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from 18 Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100 to 1700 years ago). Early farmers from Man Bac in Vietnam exhibit a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese agriculturalist) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aat3188DOI Listing
July 2018
20 Reads
31.477 Impact Factor

Southern African ancient genomes estimate modern human divergence to 350,000 to 260,000 years ago.

Science 2017 11 28;358(6363):652-655. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Department of Organismal Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18C, SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden.

Southern Africa is consistently placed as a potential region for the evolution of We present genome sequences, up to 13x coverage, from seven ancient individuals from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The remains of three Stone Age hunter-gatherers (about 2000 years old) were genetically similar to current-day southern San groups, and those of four Iron Age farmers (300 to 500 years old) were genetically similar to present-day Bantu-language speakers. We estimate that all modern-day Khoe-San groups have been influenced by 9 to 30% genetic admixture from East Africans/Eurasians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aao6266DOI Listing
November 2017
52 Reads

POPULATION GENETICS. Genomic evidence for the Pleistocene and recent population history of Native Americans.

Authors:
Maanasa Raghavan Matthias Steinrücken Kelley Harris Stephan Schiffels Simon Rasmussen Michael DeGiorgio Anders Albrechtsen Cristina Valdiosera María C Ávila-Arcos Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas Anders Eriksson Ida Moltke Mait Metspalu Julian R Homburger Jeff Wall Omar E Cornejo J Víctor Moreno-Mayar Thorfinn S Korneliussen Tracey Pierre Morten Rasmussen Paula F Campos Peter de Barros Damgaard Morten E Allentoft John Lindo Ene Metspalu Ricardo Rodríguez-Varela Josefina Mansilla Celeste Henrickson Andaine Seguin-Orlando Helena Malmström Thomas Stafford Suyash S Shringarpure Andrés Moreno-Estrada Monika Karmin Kristiina Tambets Anders Bergström Yali Xue Vera Warmuth Andrew D Friend Joy Singarayer Paul Valdes Francois Balloux Ilán Leboreiro Jose Luis Vera Hector Rangel-Villalobos Davide Pettener Donata Luiselli Loren G Davis Evelyne Heyer Christoph P E Zollikofer Marcia S Ponce de León Colin I Smith Vaughan Grimes Kelly-Anne Pike Michael Deal Benjamin T Fuller Bernardo Arriaza Vivien Standen Maria F Luz Francois Ricaut Niede Guidon Ludmila Osipova Mikhail I Voevoda Olga L Posukh Oleg Balanovsky Maria Lavryashina Yuri Bogunov Elza Khusnutdinova Marina Gubina Elena Balanovska Sardana Fedorova Sergey Litvinov Boris Malyarchuk Miroslava Derenko M J Mosher David Archer Jerome Cybulski Barbara Petzelt Joycelynn Mitchell Rosita Worl Paul J Norman Peter Parham Brian M Kemp Toomas Kivisild Chris Tyler-Smith Manjinder S Sandhu Michael Crawford Richard Villems David Glenn Smith Michael R Waters Ted Goebel John R Johnson Ripan S Malhi Mattias Jakobsson David J Meltzer Andrea Manica Richard Durbin Carlos D Bustamante Yun S Song Rasmus Nielsen Eske Willerslev

Science 2015 Aug 21;349(6250):aab3884. Epub 2015 Jul 21.

Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark.

How and when the Americas were populated remains contentious. Using ancient and modern genome-wide data, we found that the ancestors of all present-day Native Americans, including Athabascans and Amerindians, entered the Americas as a single migration wave from Siberia no earlier than 23 thousand years ago (ka) and after no more than an 8000-year isolation period in Beringia. After their arrival to the Americas, ancestral Native Americans diversified into two basal genetic branches around 13 ka, one that is now dispersed across North and South America and the other restricted to North America. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aab3884DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4733658PMC
August 2015
56 Reads

The genetic prehistory of the New World Arctic.

Science 2014 Aug;345(6200):1255832

Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark.

The New World Arctic, the last region of the Americas to be populated by humans, has a relatively well-researched archaeology, but an understanding of its genetic history is lacking. We present genome-wide sequence data from ancient and present-day humans from Greenland, Arctic Canada, Alaska, Aleutian Islands, and Siberia. We show that Paleo-Eskimos (~3000 BCE to 1300 CE) represent a migration pulse into the Americas independent of both Native American and Inuit expansions. Read More

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https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/1810/24650
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http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/doi/10.1126/science.1255832
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1255832DOI Listing
August 2014
77 Reads
48 Citations
31.480 Impact Factor

Early Americans: respecting ancestors.

Science 2014 Jul 24;345(6195):390. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

Program in Human Ecology and Archaeobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.345.6195.390-bDOI Listing
July 2014
1 Read

Response to comment on "A complete skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the evolutionary biology of early Homo".

Science 2014 Apr;344(6182):360

Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Schwartz et al. hold that variation among the Dmanisi skulls reflects taxic diversity. The morphological observations to support their hypothesis, however, are partly incorrect, and not calibrated against intraspecific variation in living taxa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1250081DOI Listing
April 2014
2 Reads

Mosaic morphology in the thorax of Australopithecus sediba.

Science 2013 Apr;340(6129):1234598

Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

The shape of the thorax of early hominins has been a point of contention for more than 30 years. Owing to the generally fragmentary nature of fossil hominin ribs, few specimens have been recovered that have rib remains complete enough to allow accurate reassembly of thoracic shape, thus leaving open the question of when the cylindrical-shaped chest of humans and their immediate ancestors evolved. The ribs of Australopithecus sediba exhibit a mediolaterally narrow, ape-like upper thoracic shape, which is unlike the broad upper thorax of Homo that has been related to the locomotor pattern of endurance walking and running. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1234598DOI Listing
April 2013
12 Reads

The genetic structure and history of Africans and African Americans.

Science 2009 May 30;324(5930):1035-44. Epub 2009 Apr 30.

Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

Africa is the source of all modern humans, but characterization of genetic variation and of relationships among populations across the continent has been enigmatic. We studied 121 African populations, four African American populations, and 60 non-African populations for patterns of variation at 1327 nuclear microsatellite and insertion/deletion markers. We identified 14 ancestral population clusters in Africa that correlate with self-described ethnicity and shared cultural and/or linguistic properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1172257DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2947357PMC
May 2009
11 Reads
414 Citations
31.480 Impact Factor

Darwin's Originality.

Authors:
Peter J Bowler

Science 2009 Jan;323(5911):223-6

School of Philosophy and Anthropological Studies, Queen's University of Belfast, University Road Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, BT7 1NN, UK.

Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection has been hailed as one of the most innovative contributions to modern science. When first proposed in 1859, however, it was widely rejected by his contemporaries, even by those who accepted the general idea of evolution. This article identifies those aspects of Darwin's work that led him to develop this revolutionary theory, including his studies of biogeography and animal breeding, and his recognition of the role played by the struggle for existence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1160332DOI Listing
January 2009
1 Read

Positional cloning of the human quantitative trait locus underlying taste sensitivity to phenylthiocarbamide.

Science 2003 Feb;299(5610):1221-5

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, 5 Research Court, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.

The ability to taste the substance phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) has been widely used for genetic and anthropological studies, but genetic studies have produced conflicting results and demonstrated complex inheritance for this trait. We have identified a small region on chromosome 7q that shows strong linkage disequilibrium between single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and PTC taste sensitivity in unrelated subjects. This region contains a single gene that encodes a member of the TAS2R bitter taste receptor family. Read More

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http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/doi/10.1126/science.1080190
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1080190DOI Listing
February 2003
19 Reads

Portraits of science. Climb Chimborazo and see the world.

Authors:
Peter J Bowler

Science 2002 Oct;298(5591):63-4

History of Science Program, School of Anthropological Studies, Queen's University, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1071988DOI Listing
October 2002

Human evolution. Max Planck's meeting of the anthropological minds.

Authors:
M Balter

Science 2001 Aug;293(5533):1246-9

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.293.5533.1246DOI Listing
August 2001
2 Reads

Scientific community. Anthropological warfare.

Authors:
C C Mann

Science 2001 Jan;291(5503):416-21

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January 2001
1 Read

Body chemistry. Where dead men really do tell tales.

Authors:
R F Service

Science 2000 Aug;289(5481):855-7

Here at the "Body Farm," a research plot where human corpses are studied as they decompose, the corpses are teaching scientists much about how to reconstruct the manner and circumstances of unexplained deaths. In fact, new techniques developed at the site, officially known as the University of Tennessee, Knoxville's, Anthropological Research Facility, are already beginning to land criminals behind bars. Read More

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An anthropological culture shift.

Authors:
V Morell

Science 1994 Apr;264(5155):20-2

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5155.20DOI Listing

Some anthropological aspects of the prehistoric Tyrolean ice man.

Science 1992 Oct;258(5081):455-7

Institut für Humanbiologie, Universität Wien, Austria.

The corpse of a Late Neolithic individual found in a glacier in Oetztal is unusual because of the intact nature of all body parts that resulted from the characteristics of its mummification process and its protected geographical position with regard to glacier flow. Anthropological data indicate that the man was 25 to 40 years old, was between 156 and 160 centimeters in stature, had a cranial capacity of between 1500 and 1560 cubic centimeters, and likely died of exhaustion. Read More

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October 1992

Life histories, blood revenge, and warfare in a tribal population.

Authors:
N A Chagnon

Science 1988 Feb;239(4843):985-92

Blood revenge is one of the most commonly cited causes of violence and warfare in tribal societies, yet it is largely ignored in recent anthropological theories of primitive warfare. A theory of tribal violence is presented showing how homicide, revenge, kinship obligations, and warfare are linked and why reproductive variables must be included in explanations of tribal violence and warfare. Studies of the Yanomamö Indians of Amazonas during the past 23 years show that 44 percent of males estimated to be 25 or older have participated in the killing of someone, that approximately 30 percent of adult male dealths are due to violence, and that nearly 70 percent of all adults over an estimated 40 years of age have lost a close genetic relative due to violence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.239.4843.985DOI Listing
February 1988
6 Reads

Advent and course of pastoralism in the kalahari.

Science 1986 Dec;234(4783):1509-15

It has long been thought that farming and herding were comparatively recent introductions into the Kalahari and that it has been a preserve of foraging "Bushmen" for thousands of years. Agropastoral Bantu-speakers were thought to have entered this region only within the last two centuries. However, fully developed pastoralism and metallurgy are now shown to have been established in the Kalahari from A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.234.4783.1509DOI Listing
December 1986

The Organization of Work in China's Communes.

Authors:
N L Gonzalez

Science 1982 Sep;217(4563):898-903

There has been speculation that China's communes are undergoing drastic changes and that work patterns are being redefined so as to make individuals or households the basic production units in agriculture. A brief but intensive anthropological study in 17 communes suggests that, although collectivization is still considered to be the ideal form in more advanced areas, responsibility for some tasks is being assigned to households in some poorer communes in an effort to increase production and farm incomes and enhance development. Significant permanent improvements seem hinged to the rise of rural industry, which increasingly rewards individual efforts within the context of a basically collective social organization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.217.4563.898DOI Listing
September 1982

Smithsonian cuts up anthropological film unit.

Authors:
C Holden

Science 1982 Jan;215(4529):144-5

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.215.4529.144-aDOI Listing
January 1982

Protein deficiency and tribal warfare in Amazonia: new data.

Science 1979 Mar;203(4383):910-3

Increasing numbers of anthropological studies about native Amazonian warfare and demographic practices attempt to explain these phenomena as competition over or a response to scarce game animals and other sources of high-quality protein. Recently completed field research among the Yanomamö Indians living at the Venezuela-Brazil border indicates that their protein intake is comparable to that found in highly developed industrialized nations and as much as 200 percent more than many nutritional authorities recommend as daily allowances. Recent data on other Amazonian tribes likewise fails to indicate a correlation between protein intake and intensity of warfare patterns. Read More

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Dental evidence on the origins of the Ainu and Japanese.

Authors:
C G Tuner

Science 1976 Sep;193(4256):911-3

New dental anthropological evidence on the questions of Ainu and Japanese origins illustrates the utility of diachronic dental information obtained from skeletal populations for microevolutionary and human origins investigations. Data from skeletal and dental collections of Shang Dynasty Chinese and from Jomon period and recent Ainu Japanese, together with information on recent Japanese dentition from published accounts, indicate a correlation between the ancient Chinese and modern Japanese and between the prehistoric Jomon people and the Ainu. Read More

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September 1976

Anthropological film: a scientific and humanistic resource.

Authors:
E R Soren

Science 1974 Dec;186(4169):1079-85

More than a scientific endeavor but not strictly one of the humanities either, anthropology stands between these basic kinds of intellectual pursuit, bridging and contributing to both. Not limited to natural history, anthropology touches art, historical process, and human values, drawing from the materials and approaches of both science and humanities. This professional interest in a broad understanding of the human condition has led anthropologists to adapt and use modern cameras and films to inquire further into the variety of ways of life of mankind and to develop method and theory to prepare anthropological film as a permanent scientific and humanistic resource. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.186.4169.1079DOI Listing
December 1974

Analysis of anthropological data.

Authors:
K A Wolfe A Lomax

Science 1973 Jun;180(4089):907-8

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.180.4089.907DOI Listing

Toxic substances in plants and the food habits of early man.

Science 1972 May;176(4034):512-4

The widespread occurrence of toxic substances in plants must have greatly restricted their usefulness as food for primitive man. The development of cooking of plant products is suggested to have been a major evolutionary advance, making a major increase in the vegetable materials palatable to man; this technical advantage apparently occurred only in the most recent 2 percent of the anthropological record. Read More

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Cerumen in American Indians: genetic implications of sticky and dry types.

Science 1967 Dec;158(3805):1192-3

Occurrence of sticky and dry cerumen was determined in 483 Indians from various tribes of the United States. The elevated frequencies of the allele for dry cerumen, found in Indians of pure ancestry, support the theory of the mongoloid origin of the American Indian. Potential application of cerumen quality as a marker for genetic and anthropological studies is discussed. Read More

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December 1967

Studies in anthropological method.

Authors:
A Gallaher

Science 1966 May;152(3724):926

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.152.3724.926DOI Listing

Gammaglobulin factors (Gm and Inv) in New Guinea: anthropological significance.

Science 1965 Nov;150(3700):1158-60

Analysis of the hereditary Gm and Inv gamma-globulin factors of 1669 New Guineans from the Morobe and Eastern Highlands districts and Bougainville Island demonstrates thatthe frequencies of the three Gm alleles present (Gm(a), GM(ab), and Gm(ax)) are similar in general to those in Mongoloids and in particular to those in Southeast Asians and Micronesians. The New Guinea frequencies are distinct from those in other populations, including Australian aborigines. Highly significant differences in frequencies of Gm and Inv alleles occur between Melanesian-and non-Austronesian-speaking New Guineans. Read More

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November 1965
1 Read

ARCHEOLOGY AS ANTHROPOLOGY: A CASE STUDY.

Authors:
W A LONGACRE

Science 1964 Jun;144(3625):1454-5

Anthropological inferences, made possible by advances in techniques for collecting data in archeological field work and the processing of data with a computer, permit a comparison to be made between the modern western Pueblos and their prehistoric background. One point in the development of Pueblo social organization (approximately A.D. Read More

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Role and status of anthropological theories.

Authors:
S MORGENBESSER

Science 1958 Aug;128(3319):285-8

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Meetings & Conferences.

Authors:

Science 1955 Jul;122(3158):86

In the issue of 17 June, page 11A, the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 5th, was mistakenly announced for 2-9 Sept. This meeting will take place in 1956, not 1955. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.122.3158.86DOI Listing

Applied Anthropological Research.

Authors:
R L Beals

Science 1951 Apr;113(2937)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.113.2937.3DOI Listing

THE AIMS OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH.

Authors:
F Boas

Science 1932 Dec;76(1983):605-13

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.76.1983.605DOI Listing
December 1932

ANTHROPOLOGICAL EXPEDITION TO AUSTRALIA.

Authors:

Science 1929 Dec;70(1825):xiv

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.70.1825.0xivDOI Listing
December 1929

ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCIETIES AT THE WASHINGTON MEETING.

Authors:

Science 1925 Mar;61(1576):293-4

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.61.1576.293DOI Listing

A SUGGESTION FOR ABSTRACTS OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL LITERATURE.

Authors:
A E Jenks

Science 1924 Jul;60(1543):73-6

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.60.1543.73DOI Listing

THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF THE FAR EAST.

Authors:
A Hrdliccircka

Science 1920 Dec;52(1355):567-74

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.52.1355.567DOI Listing
December 1920

ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH.

Science 1919 May;49(1270):426-7

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.49.1270.426DOI Listing

THE AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION.

Authors:

Science 1919 Jan;49(1255):76

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.49.1255.76-aDOI Listing
January 1919

TWO NEW ANTHROPOLOGICAL JOURNALS.

Authors:
F B

Science 1918 Oct;48(1243):421-2

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.48.1243.421DOI Listing
October 1918

THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON.

Authors:
D Folkmar

Science 1916 Feb;43(1102):220

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.43.1102.220DOI Listing
February 1916