6,030 results match your criteria Anthropological Notebooks[Journal]


HbA1c showed a positive association with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level in only diabetes, not prediabetic or normal individuals.

J Clin Lab Anal 2019 Apr 19:e22900. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: This study was conducted to investigate the association of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in normal, prediabetic, and diabetic subjects.

Methods: A total of 2,911 participants who underwent general health checkups were enrolled and categorized into the normal, prediabetes, and diabetes groups. Demographic, anthropological, and clinical variables were investigated, and correlations with CEA were analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcla.22900DOI Listing

Variations in epiphyseal fusion and persistence of the epiphyseal line in the appendicular skeleton of two identified modern (19th-20th c.) adult Portuguese and Italian samples.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Objectives: The aim of this work is to study age, sex, and population variations in epiphyseal fusion and persistence of the epiphyseal line in the appendicular skeleton of two identified modern (19th-20th c.) adult skeletal samples, using a specifically designed macroscopic scoring method. The use of epiphyseal closure and persistence of the epiphyseal line as an adult-age marker is also discussed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23839DOI Listing

Alpha-Thalassemia in North Morocco: Prevalence and Molecular Spectrum.

Biomed Res Int 2019 13;2019:2080352. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Biomedical Genomics and Oncogenetics Research Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Tangier, University Abdelmalek Essaâdi, Tangier 90000, Morocco.

Unlike the other hemoglobinopathies, few researches have been published concerning -thalassemia in Morocco. The epidemiological features and the mutation spectrum of this disease are still unknown. This regional newborn screening is the first to study -thalassemia in the north of Morocco. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2019/2080352/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2080352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436373PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Patterns of funerary variability, diet, and developmental stress in a Celtic population from NE Italy (3rd-1st c BC).

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0214372. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Anthropology and Anthropological Museum, Universität Zürich-Irchel, Zürich, Switzerland.

Little is known about the types of social organization characterizing the pre-Roman Celtic populations of Italy. Here, we explore the funerary variability characterizing the late Iron Age site of Seminario Vescovile (SV: Verona, Italy, 3rd-1st c. BC), and test its possible correlation to diet and relative exposure to developmental stressors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214372PLOS

Lives on hold? Itineraries in access by trans men to health services in Brazil and Argentina.

Authors:
Camilo Braz

Cad Saude Publica 2019 8;35(4):e00110518. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Brasil.

In this article I provide a comparative interpretation of the itineraries used by trans men to deal with the issue of waiting, when confronted with challenges related to access to health services in Brazil and Argentina. The article was the result of anthropological research in the greater metropolitan areas of Goiânia and Buenos Aires, aimed at contributing to discussions on access to health for trans men in these two contexts, seeking to identify ambivalences related to their treatment itineraries in search of biomedical care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00110518DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Science, health, and cultural literacy in a rapidly changing communications landscape.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 15;116(16):7650-7655. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

The Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation, Boston, MA 02111

There is a gap between how many scientists communicate and how most people understand and interpret messages. This article argues that the extensive science communications literature needs to be joined by the health literacy literature and anthropological work on cultural variations in hearing and understanding messages. Rapid changes and differences in how people in the United States get information are also discussed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1807218116DOI Listing

Megalithic tombs in western and northern Neolithic Europe were linked to a kindred society.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Human Evolution, Department of Organismal Biology, Uppsala University, SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden;

Paleogenomic and archaeological studies show that Neolithic lifeways spread from the Fertile Crescent into Europe around 9000 BCE, reaching northwestern Europe by 4000 BCE. Starting around 4500 BCE, a new phenomenon of constructing megalithic monuments, particularly for funerary practices, emerged along the Atlantic façade. While it has been suggested that the emergence of megaliths was associated with the territories of farming communities, the origin and social structure of the groups that erected them has remained largely unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1818037116DOI Listing

Sex estimation using external morphology of the frontal bone and frontal sinuses in a contemporary Czech population.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Apr 14. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Viničná 7, 128 44, Prague 2, Czech Republic.

Sex estimation is a task of utmost importance in forensic anthropology and bioarcheology. Along with the pelvic bone, the skull is the most important source of sexual dimorphism. On the human skull, the upper third of the face (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02063-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Careful expressions of social aspects: How local professionals in high school settings, municipal services, and general practice communicate care to youth presenting persistent bodily complaints.

Health Soc Care Community 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Community Medicine, General Practice Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Persistent health complaints pose communicative dilemmas in care encounters, adversely affecting patient experiences and pathways. Little is known about the impact and role of professionals in encounters with young people with incipient, debilitating, and persistent symptoms. This study aims to explore communicative dilemmas and the role of language in care provided by local professionals in high school settings, municipal services, and general practice to young people presenting persistent bodily complaints. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12762DOI Listing

Brief Report: Estimating the Dental Age of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

J Autism Dev Disord 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Medical-Surgical Dentistry Research Group (OMEQUI), Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Determining a patient's dental age is essential from the dental standpoint but can also have connotations of a forensic, anthropological and medicolegal nature. In this study, we assessed the correspondence between dental age and chronological age in a group of 50 children with autism spectrum disorders, with a chronological age range of 3-17 years. The dental age was calculated using panoramic radiography images, applying linear regression models derived from the classical indices by Nolla and Demirjian. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04007-yDOI Listing

Narrating and remembering as practices of care, community, and commitment in asbestos contaminated contexts.

Authors:
Agata Mazzeo

Ann Ist Super Sanita 2019 Jan-Mar;55(1):94-99

Dipartimento di Storia Cultura Civiltà, Università degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

In contexts of social and environmental disasters, practices of memory and narration can become actions implemented by the affected groups to cope with the suffering related to the disaster experience, to mobilise in the name of social justice, and to favour those dynamics by which the survivors develop their sense of being part of a community. This article is based on qualitative data collected through an anthropological study based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Italy and Brazil. It discusses the practices by which the survivors of the impact of asbestos-related disaster on their lives make sense of their suffering experience and engage in a grassroots health-based movement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_19_01_17DOI Listing

Does obstetric protection apply to small-bodied females?-A comparison between small-bodied Jomon foragers and large-bodied Yayoi agriculturalists in the prehistoric Japanese archipelago.

Am J Hum Biol 2019 Apr 9:e23236. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

The Doigahama Site Anthropological Museum, Shimonoseki City, Yamaguchi, Japan.

Objectives: This study examined the relationship between maternal pelvic and body size in the transition from the Middle-Final Jomon period (c. 5000-3000 BC) to the Middle Yayoi period (c. 400~200 BC to around AD 1) in Japan. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.23236DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Anthropology of Plastics: An Agenda for Local Studies of a Global Matter of Concern.

Med Anthropol Q 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona.

Anthropology has largely ignored plastics, even as they have emerged as the paradigmatic material-and problem-of our times. In this article, we make the case for an anthropology of plastics as a priority for environmental and medical anthropological research. Drawing from exploratory fieldwork in India, we briefly highlight the benefits and risks of different types of plastics, identify areas for anthropological investigations of human-plastic entanglements, and unpack major debates about plastic control. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/maq.12514DOI Listing

Everyday Care and Precarity: Buddhaghosa and Thai Social Story-Making.

Authors:
Felicity Aulino

Med Anthropol 2019 Apr 9:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

a Department of Anthropology , University of Massachussetts Amherst , Amherst , Massachusetts , USA.

In this article, Buddhaghosa's fifth century philosophy provides a productive framework for deciphering contemporary social caregiving in Thailand. In particular, his work and the tradition it inspired helps bring forth a local theory of mind and related narrative forms that, when utilized in examination of group patterns of interaction, illuminate the intertwining of care and precarity in everyday practices of providing for others. In turn, I call for experimentation in anthropological storytelling, including ensemble work, to ensure that habits of professional practice do justice to the care manifest in the precarious conditions in which anthropologists so often engage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01459740.2019.1589465DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Evidence for increased hominid diversity in the Early to Middle Pleistocene of Indonesia.

Nat Ecol Evol 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

UMR 7194 CNRS, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France.

Since the first discovery of Pithecanthropus (Homo) erectus by E. Dubois at Trinil in 1891, over 200 hominid dentognathic remains have been collected from the Early to Middle Pleistocene deposits of Java, Indonesia, forming the largest palaeoanthropological collection in South East Asia. Most of these fossils are currently attributed to H. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0860-zDOI Listing

The Responsibility to Recontact Research Participants after Reinterpretation of Genetic and Genomic Research Results.

Am J Hum Genet 2019 Apr;104(4):578-595

Social Issues Committee, American Society of Human Genetics, Rockville, MD 20852, USA; Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

The evidence base supporting genetic and genomic sequence-variant interpretations is continuously evolving. An inherent consequence is that a variant's clinical significance might be reinterpreted over time as new evidence emerges regarding its pathogenicity or lack thereof. This raises ethical, legal, and financial issues as to whether there is a responsibility to recontact research participants to provide updates on reinterpretations of variants after the initial analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.02.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451731PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Anatomy and clinical significance of sacral variations: a systematic review.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Dragana, 68100 Alexandroupolis, Greece.

The sacrum is a large trilateral bone located at the base of the vertebral column serving to transfer the body weight from the trunk to the pelvis and lower extremities. Over the years, an abundance of sacral anatomical divergences has been reported, including numerical and/or morphological variations of sacral entities. The majority of these anatomical alternations has been incidentally identified during radiological investigations, surgical procedures or discovered in anatomical, anthropological and forensic research studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0040DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Cultural Tradition of School Excursion and Collective Trauma of the Motor Vessel Sewol Accident.

Psychiatry Investig 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The Motor Vessel Sewol accident was a horrible accident, and it had complex ripple effects in various areas such as politics, economy, and culture. In particular, the psychological impact of each individual in Korean society was great, and various explanations for the causes of such psychological mass trauma would be possible. One of these important causes is the historical memory about common cultural custom. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.30773/pi.2019.01.31DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The impact of burial period on compact bone microstructure: Histological analysis of matrix loss and cell integrity in human bones exhumed from tropical soil.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 14;298:384-392. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Pathology, Escola Paulista de Medicina - Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Human bone histological analysis is a useful tool to assess post mortem diagenesis and to predict successful nuclear DNA typing of forensic material. This study is part of a series of studies developed by the authors intended to improve the understanding of post mortem diagenesis and to develop applications for DNA analysis of skeletal species from tropical soils, in order to optimize genetic and anthropological protocols. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of burial period on the integrity of exhumed compact bone microstructure from tropical climate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.008DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Undetected traumatic diastasis of cranial sutures: a case of child abuse.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 14;298:307-311. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", via Santa Maria di Costantinopoli 16, 80138, Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

Traumatic diastasis of cranial sutures is a type of bone fracture more common in children than in adults, but little attention has been paid to this skull damage. Differentiation between inflicted and accidental traumatic head injury is still a challenge in forensic pathology, particularly in pediatric population. In fact, diastasis of cranial sutures may occur with or without other skull fractures and may be the only evidence of an abusive head trauma (AHT). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.011DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Towards a Biopsychosocial Psychiatry.

Psychiatry 2019 Mar 29:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Objective: Constructing a meaningful biopsychosocial model for the mental health field has been extremely elusive. Identifying the linkages between the biological, psychological and social domains has been especially daunting. There has been important progress in clarifying general correlations of certain social factors related to the mental health of individuals and in developing training programs to recognize these social factors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00332747.2019.1579609DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Making sense of medieval mouths: Investigating sex differences of dental pathological lesions in a late medieval Italian community.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Archaeology, Foggia University, Foggia, Italy.

Objectives: Bioarchaeological investigations of sex-based differences in the prevalence of dental pathological lesions, particularly caries, have drawn considerable attention, and out of this work, two dominant models have emerged. Traditionally, the first model interprets sex-related patterns in caries as a product of gendered differences in diet. A more recent model interprets a generally higher propensity for caries prevalence in females in light of reproductive ecology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajpa.23821
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23821DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
2.379 Impact Factor

Which Tool Is Best: 3D Scanning or Photogrammetry - It Depends on the Task.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2019 ;1120:107-119

Department of Cellular and Physiological Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

In many educational and clinical settings we are increasingly looking into methodologies for accurate 3D representations of structures and specimens. This is relevant for anatomy teaching, pathology, forensic and anthropological sciences, and various clinical fields. The question then arises which tool best suits the task at hand - both 3D scanning and photogrammetry are options. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-06070-1_9DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The importance of anthropological methods in the diagnosis of rare diseases.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2019 Apr;32(4):311-320

Department of Pediatric, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland.

Most of inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) and rare endocrine-metabolic diseases (REMD) are rare diseases. According to the European Commission on Public Health, a rare disease is defined, based on its prevalence, as one affecting one in 2000 people. Many IEMs affect body stature, cause craniofacial abnormalities, and disturb the developmental process. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2018-0433DOI Listing

Estimation of age in forensic anthropology: historical perspective and recent methodological advances.

Forensic Sci Res 2019 Mar 19;4(1):1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA.

Estimation of age represents a central focus of forensic anthropological analysis of human skeletal remains and of the living. Advances registered in recent research include the topics of taphonomic impact, new anatomical areas of interest, histology, population variation, the dental pulp chamber, technology, mathematical approaches, biochemical analysis and techniques specifically targeting the living. This article reviews the historical development of age estimation methods and considers likely future directions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20961790.2018.1549711DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427487PMC

Determining of * and * Allele Frequency Distribution among Muslim Blood Donors from Southern Thailand.

Malays J Med Sci 2019 Jan 28;26(1):58-65. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Graduate Program in Medical Technology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Pathumtani, Thailand.

Background: The Kidd (JK) blood group system is of clinical importance in transfusion medicine. and allele detections are useful in genetic anthropological studies. This study aimed to determine the frequencies of and alleles among Muslim blood donors from Southern Thailand and to compare how they differ from those of other populations that have been recently studied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21315/mjms2019.26.1.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419863PMC
January 2019

Fine-scale haplotype mapping of MUT, AACS, SLC6A15 and PRKCA genes indicates association with insulin resistance of metabolic syndrome and relationship with branched chain amino acid metabolism or regulation.

PLoS One 2019 26;14(3):e0214122. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia.

Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are essential elements of the human diet, which display increased plasma levels in obesity and regained particular interest as potential biomarkers for development of diabetes. To define determinants of insulin resistance (IR) we investigated 73 genes involved in BCAA metabolism or regulation by fine-scale haplotype mapping in two European populations with metabolic syndrome. French and Romanians (n = 465) were genotyped for SNPs (Affymetrix) and enriched by imputation (BEAGLE 4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214122PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435171PMC
March 2019
6 Reads
3.234 Impact Factor

Strategies to improve maternal vaccination acceptance.

BMC Public Health 2019 Mar 25;19(1):342. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

LSHTM, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Background: In England, influenza and pertussis vaccination has been recommended for all pregnant women since 2010 and 2012 respectively. However, in some areas, vaccination uptake rates have been low. A qualitative study was conducted to gain a contextualised understanding of factors influencing vaccination acceptance during pregnancy in Hackney, a borough in north-east London, UK. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6655-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434850PMC

Maternal genetic link of a south Dravidian tribe with native Iranians indicating bidirectional migration.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 26:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

b Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Center , Mysore , India.

Background: The phylogeny of major mitochondrial DNA haplogroups has played a key role in assessing the people of India through molecular genetics.

Aim: To resolve the phylogeny and phylogeographic pattern of autochthonous haplogroup R with its descendant haplogroup U in the Urali Kuruman tribal population of Southern India.

Subjects And Methods: Complete mitogenome sequences of 40 individuals were amplified and sequenced using the Sanger sequencing method. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1599067DOI Listing

Variation in breast milk macronutrient contents by maternal anemia and hemoglobin concentration in northern Kenya.

Am J Hum Biol 2019 Mar 25:e23238. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Objectives: This study explored differing levels of macronutrients in breast milk in relation to maternal anemia and hemoglobin.

Methods: Archived milk specimens and data from a cross-sectional sample of 208 breastfeeding mothers in northern Kenya, originally collected in 2006, were analyzed; data included milk fat, maternal hemoglobin concentration, and anemia status (anemia defined as hemoglobin <12 g/dL). Total protein and lactose were measured and energy was calculated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.23238DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Association of pigment epithelium derived factor with von Willebrand factor and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Physiol Res 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Third Department of Internal Medicine - Nephrology, Rheumatology and Endocrinology, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

To compare circulating pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) levels in type 2 diabetes patients (T2D) with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS+/-) to healthy controls and assess PEDF association with plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) as markers of endothelial dysfunction. Fifty T2D individuals and forty healthy controls were included. PEDF, PAI-1, vWF, anthropological parameters, lipids, and markers of insulin resistance were investigated in all subjects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2019
1 Read

Performance prediction models based on anthropometric, genetic and psychological traits of Croatian sprinters.

Biol Sport 2019 Mar 15;36(1):17-23. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Biomedical and Specialty Surgical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Italy.

Elite athletes differ from each other in their characteristics according to their discipline. This study aimed to identify performance predictors in elite Croatian sprinters taking into consideration their anthropometric, psychological and genetic characteristics. One hundred and four elite Croatian sprinters (68 males and 36 females) participated in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2018.78901DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413579PMC

[The future of psychiatry and the psychiatrist of the future].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2019 ;61(3):217-223

Background: The training curriculum of the psychiatrist needs to be reviewed. To determine the model of the future psychiatrist, the question of how the future psychiatry will look needs to be answered first.
AIM: Assessment of relevant developments in psychiatry and the organisation of psychiatric care with the aim to propose a profile of the future psychiatrist. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019

Interrogating the tribal: the aporia of 'tribalism' in the sociological study of the Middle East.

Br J Sociol 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Centro de Estudios de Asia y África.

In this paper, we intend to deconstruct the term 'tribalism' as a colonial category, which figures as a prominent concept in social studies on Kurds as well as the Middle East at large. Blithely used, tribalism has occupied a central place, especially in the existing scholarship on Kurdistan. Some earlier anthropological works have gone so far as to regard tribalism as the 'DNA' of Middle Eastern people. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-4446.12656DOI Listing

Weight Gain in Pregnancy and Weight Retention after Birth.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Feb 27;7(4):614-616. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Vinogradska 29, Zagreb, Croatia.

Aim: Our study aims to determine the weight gain of pregnant women and their body weight one year after delivery. We compared these changes in body weight with education and place of residence (urban/rural).

Methods: Secundigravidae women (N = 113) filled out the structured checklist regarding anthropological characteristics, such as body weight (the current and before and after the first pregnancy). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.141DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420944PMC
February 2019

Mitogenomes illuminate the origin and migration patterns of the indigenous people of the Canary Islands.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(3):e0209125. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America.

The Canary Islands' indigenous people have been the subject of substantial archaeological, anthropological, linguistic and genetic research pointing to a most probable North African Berber source. However, neither agreement about the exact point of origin nor a model for the indigenous colonization of the islands has been established. To shed light on these questions, we analyzed 48 ancient mitogenomes from 25 archaeological sites from the seven main islands. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209125PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426200PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Healing activities construct the objects of therapy: Medicine's way of seeking truth, organizing forms of reality, regulating patients' bodies, illness and culture?

Nurs Philos 2019 Apr 20;20(2):e12236. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Nursing, East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania, Pocono Summit, Pennsylvania.

In this paper, I will explore the concept that healing activities shape the objects of therapy and seek to construct those objects through therapeutic activities. Objects of therapy are the persons, patients, human bodies, diseases, physiological processes and personal suffering-that which clinical medicine constructs through its distinctive formative processes, practices and knowledge. The rationale for choice of philosophical sources namely, Cassirer, Foucault, the anthropological perspective of Good and the sociological account of Frank will be discussed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nup.12236DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

The Impacts of Conservation and Militarization on Indigenous Peoples : A Southern African San Perspective.

Hum Nat 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Anthropology, MSC01 1040, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 87131-0001, USA.

There has been a long-standing debate about the roles of San in the militaries of southern Africa and the prevalence of violence among the Ju/'hoansi and other San people. The evolutionary anthropology and social anthropological debates over the contexts in which violence and warfare occurs among hunters and gatherers are considered, as is the "tribal zone theory" of warfare between states and indigenous people. This paper assesses the issues that arise from these discussions, drawing on data from San in Angola, Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12110-019-09339-3DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Dental microwear texture analysis of Homo sapiens sapiens: Foragers, farmers, and pastoralists.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Anthropology, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas.

Objectives: The current study seeks to determine if a sample of foragers, farmers, and pastoralists are distinguishable based on their dental microwear texture signatures.

Materials And Methods: The study included a sample of 719 individuals from 51 archeological sites (450 farmers, 192 foragers, 77 pastoralists). All were over age 12 and sexes were pooled. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23815DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Race and nutrition in the New World: Colonial shadows in the age of epigenetics.

Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Philosophy I, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801, Bochum, Germany; Centre for Anthropological Knowledge in Scientific and Technological Cultures (CAST), Ruhr University Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801, Bochum, Germany. Electronic address:

This paper addresses historical dimensions of epigenetic studies on human populations. We show that postgenomic research on health disparities in Latin America reintroduces old colonial views about the relations between race, environment, and social status. This especially refers to the idea - common in colonial humoralism and epigenetics - that different types of bodies are in balance and closely linked with particular local environments and lifestyles. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2019.03.004DOI Listing

The Genetic Variability of in Different Human Populations and Its Implications for Longevity.

Genes (Basel) 2019 Mar 15;10(3). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Laboratory of Molecular Anthropology & Centre for Genome Biology, Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy.

Human longevity is a complex phenotype resulting from the combinations of context-dependent gene-environment interactions that require analysis as a dynamic process in a cohesive ecological and evolutionary framework. Genome-wide association (GWAS) and whole-genome sequencing (WGS) studies on centenarians pointed toward the inclusion of the apolipoprotein E () polymorphisms ε2 and ε4, as implicated in the attainment of extreme longevity, which refers to their effect in age-related Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this case, the available literature on and its involvement in longevity is described according to an anthropological and population genetics perspective. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes10030222DOI Listing

Neonatal circumcision and prematurity are associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Authors:
Eran Elhaik

J Clin Transl Res 2019 Jan 9;4(2):136-151. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK.

Background: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of postneonatal unexplained infant death. The allostatic load hypothesis posits that SIDS is the result of cumulative perinatal painful, stressful, or traumatic exposures that tax neonatal regulatory systems.

Aims: To test the predictions of the allostatic load hypothesis we explored the relationships between SIDS and two common phenotypes, male neonatal circumcision (MNC) and prematurity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412606PMC
January 2019

Outbreak science: recent progress in the detection and response to outbreaks of infectious diseases.

Clin Med (Lond) 2019 Mar;19(2):140-144

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

The frequency of reported outbreaks of infectious diseases has increased over the past 3 decades, with predictions that this rise will continue. Outbreak response continues to follow nine basic principles: establish the presence of an outbreak, verify the diagnosis, make a case definition, find cases and contacts, conduct basic epidemiology, test hypotheses, institute control measures, communicate the situation and establish ongoing surveillance. Within each of these areas, significant advances have been made over the past 5 years using progress in digital, laboratory, epidemiology and anthropological equipment or techniques. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7861/clinmedicine.19-2-140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454359PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Identification of World War II bone remains found in Ukraine using classical anthropological and mitochondrial DNA results.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Georgikon Faculty, Department of Animal Sciences and Animal Husbandry, University of Pannonia, Deák Ferenc u. 16, Keszthely, H-8361, Hungary.

Gyula Ágner was a Royal Hungarian First Lieutenant (1st Lt.) during the World War II and died at 30 years old due to a mine shrapnel injury on 27 April 1944 in Luczky, Ukraine. In October 2014, the Hungarian Ministry of Defence exhumated the remains then transported them to Budapest in Hungary. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02026-zDOI Listing

Kuru, the First Human Prion Disease.

Viruses 2019 Mar 7;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Anthropology, Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Kuru, the first human prion disease was transmitted to chimpanzees by D. Carleton Gajdusek (1923⁻2008). In this review, we summarize the history of this seminal discovery, its anthropological background, epidemiology, clinical picture, neuropathology, and molecular genetics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11030232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466359PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Sexual dimorphism of dental tissues in modern human mandibular molars.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Laboratorio de Antropología Forense, Escuela de Medicina Legal y Forense, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: Previous studies have revealed that human permanent dental tissue proportions differ significantly between males and females, with females having relatively thicker enamel relative to overall crown area than males. The aims of this study are to investigate sexual dimorphism in permanent mandibular molars and to determine whether such differences can be used to estimate sex in modern humans reliably.

Materials And Methods: The permanent mandibular molars used in this study (n = 51) originate from 36 individuals of known sex from a Spanish anthropological collection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23822DOI Listing

The accuracy of the Transition Analysis of aging on a heterogenic South African population.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Apr 21;297:370.e1-370.e5. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa.

Transition Analysis (TA) is an age estimation method for adult skeletons at death, using three skeletal traits together, namely, the cranial sutures (CS), the pubic symphyses (PS) and the auricular surfaces (AS). In forensic anthropology, estimating age at death is vital for positive identification of an individual; however, differences in skeletal elements have been observed between sex and population affinity. The aim of this study was to determine how accurately the TA could be applied to a population that differed from the original reference samples. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03790738193005
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.012DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Social learning, influence, and ethnomedicine: Individual, neighborhood and social network influences on attachment to an ethnomedical cultural model in rural Senegal.

Soc Sci Med 2019 Apr 27;226:87-95. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Prose, Senegal.

The preference in many parts of the world for ethnomedical therapy over biomedical alternatives has long confounded scholars of medicine and public health. In the anthropological literature cultural and interactional contexts have been identified as fundamental mechanisms shaping adherence to ethnomedical beliefs and health seeking behaviors. In this paper, we examine the association between individual, neighborhood, and social network characteristics and the likelihood of attachment to an ethnomedical cultural model encompassing beliefs about etiology of disease, appropriate therapeutic and preventative measures, and more general beliefs about metaphysics and the efficacy of health systems in a rural population in Eastern Senegal. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.028DOI Listing

Faithfulness-boost effect: Loyal teammate selection correlates with skill acquisition improvement in online games.

PLoS One 2019 5;14(3):e0211014. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Computación, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The problem of skill acquisition is ubiquitous and fundamental to life. Most tasks in modern society involve the cooperation with other subjects. Notwithstanding its fundamental importance, teammate selection is commonly overlooked when studying learning. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211014PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6400383PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Peeled volume models of a whole body to enhance comprehension of anthropological bone landmarks.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Ajou University School of Medicine, World cup-ro 164, Suwon, Korea, Republic Of.

In physical anthropology, bone landmarks are palpated in living humans for the identification of corresponding skin landmarks and exact biometry. The purpose of this study is to help comprehend the locations and depths of representative bone landmarks all over the body. The sectioned images of a male cadaver's whole body were used to build a volume model, which was continuously peeled at 1 mm thicknesses to disclose 27 selected landmarks in the anterior, lateral, or posterior views. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0026DOI Listing