357,174 results match your criteria Anterior Subfrontal Approach - Tumor Removal


Roles of Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex and Anterior Cingulate in Subjective Valuation of Prospective Effort.

Cereb Cortex 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 773 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD, USA.

The perceived effort level of an action shapes everyday decisions. Despite the importance of these perceptions for decision-making, the behavioral and neural representations of the subjective cost of effort are not well understood. While a number of studies have implicated anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in decisions about effort/reward trade-offs, none have experimentally isolated effort valuation from reward and choice difficulty, a function that is commonly ascribed to this region. Read More

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December 2018

A coordinate-based meta-analysis comparing brain activation between ADHD and total sleep deprivation.

Sleep 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Study Objectives: Sleep disruption is common in attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder (ADHD). Likewise, deficits in attention are a hallmark of sleep deprivation in healthy individuals. Whether ADHD and sleep deprivation modulate common, or disparate, neural systems is unknown. Read More

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December 2018

A fistulating oropharyngeal lesion.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Dec;97(12):E15-E17

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic Arizona, 5777 E. Mayo Blvd., Phoenix, AZ 85084, USA.

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a unifying term for a spectrum of lymphoid expansion entities brought about by immunosuppression. It can present throughout the head and neck, and tonsillar involvement is not limited to children. We report the case of a 67-year-old woman who developed odynophagia associated with putrid halitosis 4 months after she had undergone renal transplantation. Read More

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December 2018

KTP-laser-assisted endoscopic management of glomus tympanicum tumors: A case series.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Dec;97(12):399-402

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 801 Welch Rd., Stanford, CA 94035, USA.

Endoscopic technology is widely used in rhinology and anterior skull base surgery, but it has been less quickly incorporated into otologic practice. The design of the instrumentation forces surgeons to work one-handed and limits depth perception. Nevertheless, endoscopy also offers wide fields of view and access to spaces that are typically difficult to visualize. Read More

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December 2018
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Femoral Nerve Palsy With Concomitant Patellar Dislocation in a Ballet Dancer.

Orthopedics 2018 Dec 11:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Femoral nerve palsy with concomitant patellar dislocation is a rare clinical entity that has not previously been well documented. The authors present the case of a 16-year-old female ballet dancer who sustained a patellar dislocation with concomitant femoral nerve palsy. She experienced muscle weakness after the initial injury and developed neuropathic symptoms through the anterior left thigh. Read More

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December 2018

Different clinical features according to the anastomotic leakage subtypes after rectal cancer surgeries: contained vs. free leakages.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208572. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Anastomotic leakage can be classified by free and contained leakage according to clinical manifestations. The risk factors and their comparison between these leakage subtypes are uncertain. This study aims to evaluate anastomotic leakage patterns and to compare clinical features between free and contained leakages after low anterior resection for rectal cancer. Read More

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December 2018
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Poor Baseline Mental Health Does Not Influence Improvement in Patient-Reported Outcomes, Satisfaction and Return To Work Two Years After Single-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Study Design: Retrospective study using prospectively collected registry data.

Objectives: The authors examine the influence of preoperative mental health on outcomes after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and determine the impact of ACDF on postoperative mental health.

Summary Of Background Data: While studies have reported a negative correlation between preoperative mental health and outcomes following lumbar spine surgery, the influence on outcomes following cervical spine surgery remains relatively understudied. Read More

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December 2018

Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Rare Disorder with Bilateral Infantile Glaucoma.

J Glaucoma 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Glaucoma and anterior segment, Dr. Shroff's charity eye hospital, Delhi.

Ectodermal dysplasia is a disorder that occurs due to abnormalities of ectodermal structures such as skin, teeth, hair, nails, and eccrine glands. Approximately 200 different conditions have been identified as ectodermal dysplasia, the most common being hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). It is characterized by hypotrichosis (sparse scalp or body hair), hypodontia (absent or malformed teeth) and hypohidrosis (reduced ability to sweat). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Reason and Timing for Conversion to Sternotomy in Robotic-Assisted Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Patient Outcomes.

Innovations (Phila) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

From the Divisions of Cardiac Surgery and.

Objective: Conversion to sternotomy is a primary bailout method for robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting procedures. The aims of this study were to identify the primary reasons for conversion from robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting to sternotomy and to evaluate the in-hospital outcomes in such patients.

Methods: Prospectively collected data from February 2004 to April 2017 were reviewed for 72 patients (56 men; mean age = 63. Read More

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December 2018
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Is anterior guidance a key factor on planning implant treatment for free-end missing in the posterior mandible?

J Oral Implantol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Kyushu Dental University Department of Oral Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Kyushu Dental University.

To perform safe implant treatment, the anatomical structure and bone quality at implant placement sites are evaluated based on a patient's CT data, but there is no definite method to determine placement sites and the appropriate number of implants. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the number and arrangement of implants on the stress distribution in 3-unit posterior fixed partial dentures for the posterior mandible by mechanical analysis using the finite element method. Three-dimensional finite element analysis models were constructed from the CT data of a patient with missing mandibular teeth (Nos. Read More

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December 2018

Single molecule dynamics of the P granule scaffold MEG-3 in the C. elegans zygote.

Mol Biol Cell 2018 Dec 12:mbcE18060402. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover NH 03755, USA.

During the asymmetric division of the C. elegans zygote, germ (P) granules are disassembled in the anterior cytoplasm and stabilized/assembled in the posterior cytoplasm, leading to their inheritance by the germline daughter cell. P granule segregation depends on MEG-3 and MEG-4, which are enriched in P granules and in the posterior cytoplasm surrounding P granules. Read More

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December 2018

PD-1 Polymorphisms Are Associated with Susceptibility of Acute Anterior Uveitis in Chinese Population.

DNA Cell Biol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 The Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University , Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China .

Acute anterior uveitis (AAU) is an ordinary type of uveitis, which is an autoimmune disease produced by T cells. Programmed apoptosis protein 1 (PD-1) is a vital negative regulatory protein of immune tolerance. We detect the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs41386349, rs10204525, and rs2227982 of PD-1 to investigate the correlation between PD-1 polymorphisms and AAU. Read More

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December 2018

Safety and Efficacy of a New Phakic Posterior Chamber IOL for Correction of Myopia: 3 Years of Follow-up.

J Refract Surg 2018 Dec;34(12):817-823

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of a new posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (IPCL; Care Group, Baroda, India) to correct myopia.

Methods: This prospective, observational case series included 30 eyes undergoing implantation of the IPCL for high myopia (> -8.00 diopters [D]). Read More

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December 2018

Smaller left anterior cingulate cortex in non-bipolar relatives of patients with bipolar disorder.

Braz J Psychiatr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

UT Center of Excellence on Mood Disorders, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective: Bipolar disorder (BD) is highly heritable. The present study aimed at identifying brain morphometric features that could represent markers of BD vulnerability in non-bipolar relatives of bipolar patients.

Methods: In the present study, structural magnetic resonance imaging brain scans were acquired from a total of 93 subjects, including 31 patients with BD, 31 non-bipolar relatives of BD patients, and 31 healthy controls. Read More

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December 2018

LONG-TERM OUTCOMES OF LIGATION OF INTERSPHINCTERIC FISTULA TRACT FOR COMPLEX FISTULA-IN-ANO: MODIFIED OPERATIVE PROCEDURE EXPERIENCE.

Arq Bras Cir Dig 2018 Dec 6;31(4):e1404. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Suzhou Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Colorectal Surgery, Su zhou, Jiang su, China.

Background: It is important but difficult to treat complex fistula-in-ano due to the high recurrent rate and following incontinence. Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT), a novel surgical procedure with the advantage of avoiding anal incontinence, has a variable success rate of 57-94.4 %. Read More

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December 2018
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Anatomical Risk Factors of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):2960-2967

Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215004, China.

Background: Nowadays, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has been one of the most common diseases of the knee joint. The relationships between the ACL injury and the anatomical structures are still controversial. This study aimed to identify the anatomical risk factors of ACL injury by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Frontal hypoactivation and alterations in the reward-system during humor processing in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 30;202:149-157. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University Marburg, Rudolf-Bultmann-Straße 8, 35039 Marburg, Germany.

Humor is a ubiquitous human ability with important implications for both social and emotional functioning. Patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, experience difficulties in the comprehension and appreciation of humor. However, the specific neural mechanisms underlying these deficits are unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Functional magnetic resonance imaging with encoding task in patients with mild cognitive impairment and different severity of leukoaraiosis.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2018 Dec 30;282:126-131. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, Pisa 56126, Italy.

Leukoaraiosis is one of the main contributors to mild cognitive impairment due to vascular damage (vascular MCI, VMCI), whose pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated yet. We aimed to shed light on such issue using functional MRI (fMRI). Sixteen patients with VMCI were enrolled and compared with twenty-five patients with MCI but without significant vascular damage (non-vascular MCI, NVMCI) and with fifteen healthy controls (HC). Read More

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December 2018

Using intracameral vital dye as a guide for venting incision in acute corneal hydrops.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12:1120672118818012. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Ocular Trauma and Emergency Department and Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose:: To introduce a new surgical technique for the localization of corneal bulla to drain a massive corneal hydrops.

Methods:: Four consecutive cases with acute large protruded hydrops were selected. A limbal paracentesis was made via 15° blade. Read More

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December 2018
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Pediatric open-globe injury in a university-based tertiary hospital.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12:1120672118818013. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background:: To investigate epidemiology, etiology, and outcomes after repair of pediatric open-globe injury.

Methods:: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients ⩽18 years who underwent primary open-globe repair.

Results:: A total of 213 patients were identified. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of the proximal coronary arteries in suspected pulmonary embolism: diagnostic images in 51% of patients using non-gated, dual-source CT pulmonary angiography.

Emerg Radiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Radiology Department, Vancouver General Hospital, 889 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada.

Purpose: This retrospective study reports the frequency and severity of coronary artery motion on dual-source high-pitch (DSHP), conventional pitch single-source (SS), and dual-source dual-energy (DE) CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) studies.

Methods: Two hundred eighty-eight consecutive patients underwent CTPA scans for suspected pulmonary embolism between September 1, 2013 and January 31, 2014. One hundred ninety-four at DSHP scans, 57 SS scans, and 37 DE scans were analyzed. Read More

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December 2018

Systematic review of transversus abdominis release in complex abdominal wall reconstruction.

Hernia 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Surgery, Elkerliek Hospital, Helmond, The Netherlands.

Background: Transversus abdominis release (TAR), as a type of posterior component separation, is a new myofascial release technique in complex ventral hernia repair. TAR preserves rectus muscle innervation, creates an immense retromuscular plane and allows bilaminar ingrowth of the mesh. The place of the TAR within the range of established anterior component separation techniques (CST) is unclear. Read More

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December 2018
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Evaluation of age-related differences in anterior cruciate ligament size.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to reveal the relation between age and the morphological characteristics of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methods: Thirty-seven young subjects who were diagnosed with a meniscus injury without ACL tear using MRI (15 male and 22 female, median age 26, range 15-49), and 33 elderly subjects for whom knee MRI was performed before uni-compartmental knee arthroplasty (11 male and 22 female, median age 77, range 60-83), were included in this study. In the elderly group, healthy ACL gross morphology was confirmed macroscopically during surgery. Read More

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December 2018

Congenital pial AVF along the falx cerebri with complete agenesis of the corpus callosum and bilateral parasagittal pachygyria-polymicrogyria secondary to chronic ischemia.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Rd, Singapore, 119228, Singapore.

Objective: Pial arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an extremely rare entity due to direct arterial connection with the venous plexus without an intervening capillary network. The objective of this article is to describe a unique case of congenital pial AVF along the interhemispheric falx with complete callosal agenesis and malformation of cortical development within the bilateral anterior cerebral artery territories. We also demonstrated the distinctive feature of temporal stability of the extensive intracranial abnormalities without active intervention. Read More

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December 2018

[Corneal dystrophies in optical coherence tomography].

Ophthalmologe 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Augenklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Mathildenstr. 8, 80336, München, Deutschland.

Background: Corneal optical coherence tomography (anterior segment OCT, AS-OCT) is described in the current IC3D classification of corneal dystrophies to be a method for improvement of clinical diagnostics and treatment.

Objective: In this case series AS-OCT images of corneal dystrophies were analyzed with respect to morphological changes.

Material And Methods: This was a retrospective imaging and morphological case series with 38 eyes. Read More

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December 2018
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Inversion of the acetabular labrum causes increased localized contact pressure on the femoral head: a biomechanical study.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kanazawa Medical University, 1-1 Daigaku, Uchinada-machi, Kahoku-gun, Ishikawa, 920-0293, Japan.

Purpose: Although studies suggest that subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head may cause rapidly progressive osteoarthritis of the hip, the mechanism of that relationship remains unclear. Our biomechanical study aimed to provide more data in this area by quantifying pressure distribution on the femoral head for normal and inverted hips and by determining the effects of labral inversion on pressure distribution across the joint, focusing on types of fracture under load.

Methods: We tested mid-sized fourth-generation composite femurs at 15° of adduction, and applied 1 mm/min of axial compressive force to the femoral heads until failure. Read More

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December 2018
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Clinical and radiologic outcomes of two patellar resection techniques during total knee arthroplasty: a prospective randomized controlled study.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institution of Sports Medicine, Beijing Key Laboratory of Sports Injuries, Peking University Third Hospital, No. 49 North, Garden Road, Haidian, Beijing, 100191, China.

Purpose: A cutting guide technique for patella resurfacing in total knee arthroplasty was expected to result in less patellofemoral syndromes. The aim of this study was to identify differences in the patellofemoral function, clinical outcomes, and radiographic parameters between the freehand and cutting guide patellar resection techniques in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.

Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Occult injuries of the contralateral sacroiliac joint in operatively treated pelvis fractures: incidence, root cause analysis, and proposal of treatment algorithm.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopaedics, Denver Health Medical Center, 777 Bannock Street, Denver, CO, 80204, USA.

Purpose: To determine the most common injury patterns, root cause, and the frequency with which unrecognized contralateral posterior ring injury occurs in patients presenting with surgically treated pelvic fractures.

Methods: The medical records of 73 patients presenting to our level I trauma center (52 male and 21 female patients; mean age 41.8 years; range 18-89 years) with surgically treated pelvic ring fractures between January 1, 2016 and January 1, 2018 were reviewed. Read More

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December 2018

A unique case of an accessory sartorius muscle.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anatomy, Keimyung University School of Medicine, 1095 Dalgubeol-daero, Daegu, 704-701, Republic of Korea.

The sartorius muscle (SM) is a long strap muscle originating from the anterior superior iliac spine and inserting onto the medial surface of the proximal tibia. It crosses the anterior compartment of the thigh obliquely and descends towards the medial aspect of the knee. We found an accessory sartorius muscle (ASM) from the inguinal ligament and an original SM bifurcated into medial and lateral heads. Read More

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December 2018
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The radioanatomical assessment of the Körner's septum.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, The Medical University of Warsaw, 59 Nowogrodzka St, 02006, Warsaw, Poland.

Purpose Of The Study: Körner's septum (KS) is a developmental remnant formed at the junction of mastoid and temporal squama, representing the persistence of the petrosquamosal suture. During mastoid surgery, it could be taken as a false medial wall of the antrum so that the deeper cells might not be explored. The aim of the study was to assess a Körner's septum prevalence and to analyze its topography. Read More

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December 2018
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[Patellar sleeve fractures : Bracing and augmentation technique with suture tape].

Oper Orthop Traumatol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Abteilung für Sportorthopädie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675, München, Deutschland.

Objective: Transosseous augmentation of patellar sleeve fractures (PSF) with suture tape in young athletes.

Indications: Acute avulsions of the proximal or distal patellar pol with clinical relevant deficit of knee extension.

Contraindications: Local infections, severe soft tissue damage (relative contraindication), fractures of the patella or tibial tuberosity. Read More

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December 2018
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Intraocular lens dislocation: a novel in-situ scleral refixation technique using a 25 Gauge trocar in the anterior chamber.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2018 23;3(1):e000174. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Dipartimento Neuromuscoloscheletrico e Organi di Sensi, Università degli Study di Firenze, Florence, Italy.

Objective: Intraocular lens (IOL) repositioning using a closed-eye approach could be carried out in some selected cases. Our study focuses on the efficacy and safety of a IOL closed-eye repositioning technique using scleral suture, which is performed using a trocar as an intrastromal limbal guide.

Methods And Analysis: Thirty-one eyes of 31 patients with late IOL dislocation operated on between January 2015 and May 2017 were included in this retrospective non-comparative consecutive case series study. Read More

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November 2018

Landing Styles Influences Reactive Strength Index without Increasing Risk for Injury.

Sports Med Int Open 2018 Apr 22;2(2):E35-E40. Epub 2018 May 22.

UT Health San Antonio, Department of Physical Therapy, San Antonio, United States.

The aim was to determine which three landing styles - stiff (ST), self-selected (SS), or soft (SF) - exhibit safer landing mechanics and greater jumping performance. Thirty participants (age: 26.5±5. Read More

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Osgood-Schlatter Disease Unveiled Under High-frequency Ultrasonogram.

Authors:
Md Abu B Siddiq

Cureus 2018 Oct 4;10(10):e3411. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Physical Medicine and Rheumatology, Brahmanbaria Medical College, Brahmanbaria, BGD.

Osgood-Schlatter disease is a painful condition, affecting the tibial tuberosity of physically active children with a painful bump that aggravates with repetitive impacts over the affected area during exercise, sports, or even usual daily activities. The condition is usually unilateral; however, bilateral presentation is not unlikely. In addition to clinical features, a unique radiological finding appears worthy in terms of accurate diagnosis. Read More

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October 2018

Interventional Approach to Left Main Coronary Artery Dissection.

Cureus 2018 Oct 4;10(10):e3410. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Cardiology, Staten Island University Hospital / Northwell Health, Staten Island, USA.

A left main coronary artery (LMCA) iatrogenic dissection is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of coronary angioplasty. It can range from a simple tear in the artery wall to a severe dissection, causing complete blood flow obstruction. We report the case of a 63-year-old male patient who was presented to our catheterization laboratory following a positive stress test. Read More

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October 2018

Bilateral Well Leg Compartment Syndrome Localized in the Anterior and Lateral Compartments following Urologic Surgery in Lithotomy Position.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 14;2018:2328014. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Saiseikai Yokohamashi Tobu Hospital, 3-6-1 Shimosueyoshi, Tsurumi Ward, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230-0012, Japan.

Well leg compartment syndrome (WLCS) is a rare but severe complication after the surgery in lithotomy position. We present a case of bilateral WLCS that occurred after the prolonged urologic surgery in lithotomy position. A 50-year-old man complained of severe bilateral lower leg pain and swelling sixteen hours after the surgery. Read More

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November 2018

Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis of the Anterior Capsulotomy Edge: A Comparative Study between Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Capsulotomy and Manual Capsulorhexis.

J Ophthalmol 2018 14;2018:8620150. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Piazza Ospedale 1, 34129 Trieste, Italy.

Purpose: To compare the capsule edges ultrastructure obtained by two femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) platforms and manual continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Setting: Eye Clinic, University of Trieste, Italy.

Design: Experimental comparative study. Read More

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November 2018

Predictive Factors for Successful Type 1 Big Bubble during Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty.

J Ophthalmol 2018 13;2018:4685406. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Centre Hospitalier National d'Ophtalmologie des 15-20, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

Objective: Big bubble (BB)-deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) has become the reference transplantation technique for corneal stromal disorders. Type 1 BB is the desired aspect but it is not constant. We aimed to determine the predictive factors of type 1 BB success. Read More

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November 2018

Zhuang Gu Guan Jie Wan: Reasonable Application Can Alleviate the Liver Injury for Osteoarthritis Treatment.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 12;2018:6716529. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China.

The potential toxicity of herbal drugs, particularly drug-induced liver injury (DILI), has received extensive attention as the use of Chinese herbal medicine has rapidly increased globally. As a classic Chinese patent medicine, Zhuang Gu Guan Jie Wan (ZGGJW) has been brought into focus recently because of its satisfactory therapeutic effects on osteoarthritis (OA) as well as its unanticipated side effects. This study aimed to decipher the puzzling phenomenon of liver injury developing in response to ZGGJW that varies by the subtype of OA. Read More

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November 2018

A novel adhesive biosensor system for detecting respiration, cardiac, and limb movement signals during sleep: validation with polysomnography.

Nat Sci Sleep 2018 26;10:397-408. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Neurology Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Background: Although in-lab polysomnography (PSG) remains the gold standard for objective sleep monitoring, the use of at-home sensor systems has gained popularity in recent years. Two categories of monitoring, autonomic and limb movement physiology, are increasingly recognized as critical for sleep disorder phenotyping, yet at-home options remain limited outside of research protocols. The purpose of this study was to validate the BiostampRC sensor system for respiration, electrocardiography (ECG), and leg electromyography (EMG) against gold standard PSG recordings. Read More

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November 2018

Successful pregnancy after uterine artery embolization for uterine arterovenous malformation: a rare case report.

Int J Womens Health 2018 21;10:745-750. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Università degli studi di Salerno - Dipartimento di Medicina, Chirurgia e Odontoiatria "Scuola Medica Salernitana", Salerno, Italy,

Objective: This paper reports on a rare case of pregnancy after uterine artery embolization (UAE) for uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Debate exists about persistence of fertility in women after UAE. Adverse effects of this technique can modify both uterine echostructure, inducing necrosis and infarction, endometrial atrophy and uterine artery rupture, and ovarian reserve, causing persistent amenorrhea. Read More

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November 2018

Comparative study of straight vs angled incision in 27-gauge vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane.

Clin Ophthalmol 2018 26;12:2409-2414. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, St Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan,

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare straight and angled incisions in 27-gauge microincision vitrectomy in patients with epiretinal membrane (ERM).

Methods: Seventy-three eyes of 68 patients with ERM who underwent straight (35 eyes) or angled incision (38 eyes) for 27-gauge microincision vitrectomy were retrospectively evaluated.

Results: No statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in postoperative logarithm of minimal angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity. Read More

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November 2018

Better tolerance of preservative-free latanoprost compared to preserved glaucoma eye drops: the 12-month real-life FREE study.

Clin Ophthalmol 2018 26;12:2399-2407. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Ophtalmology, Claude Huriez Hospital, University Hospital, Lille, France.

Background: Lack of efficacy due to bad compliance caused by intolerance issues is the main reason for a change to a better tolerated ocular treatment, such as using preservative-free (PF) eye drops.

Aim: To assess the efficacy and local tolerance after 12 months and patient satisfaction regarding local treatment tolerance and handling at inclusion and after 6 months of PF latanoprost compared to preserved glaucoma eye drops.

Methods: This was an international, prospective, and observational real-life study. Read More

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November 2018

Vasoformative Lesions in Mediastinal Mixed Germ Cell Tumors: an Interesting Account of Two Cases Spanning the Benign to Malignant Spectrum.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 18;9(4):624-628. Epub 2018 May 18.

1Department of Histopathology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajender Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Extragonadal germ cell tumors are most commonly encountered in the anterior mediastinum. The presence of sarcomatous malignancies in these tumors is a rare phenomenon that adversely impacts patient prognosis because of poor response to conventional cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Even more unusual is the presence of florid benign somatic proliferations that overshadow the germ cell component, often resulting in misdiagnosis and inappropriate management. Read More

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December 2018
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Margin Status and Duration of Surgery in Resection of Tongue Carcinoma with Ultrasound Coagulation Device: a Comparative Study.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 20;9(4):501-504. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Otolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery, Grant Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

Tongue is one of the most common subsites involved by oral cancer. Improved surgical care and adjuvant therapy, along with better rehabilitation has significantly improved long-term survival and quality of life in patients with oral cancer. Primary surgical treatment is the preferred modality of treatment in cancers of the oral tongue. Read More

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December 2018

A case report on the gallbladder fluke, (Trematoda: Dicrocoeliidae), in stray cats () in Beni-Suef, Egypt.

J Parasit Dis 2018 Dec 13;42(4):646-650. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

1Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, 62511 Egypt.

Scarce literature studying parasites, particularly helminths, of gallbladder of cats in Egypt are available. Stray cats () are widespread in Beni-Suef, Egypt. Therefore, a total of 62 stray cats were necropsied and parasitologically examined. Read More

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December 2018

Association between seizure freedom and default mode network reorganization in patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Epilepsy Center, Medical Center - Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Germany; Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Germany; Freiburg Brain Imaging Center, Medical Center - Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Germany.

Rationale: The spontaneous synchronized activity and intrinsic organization of the Default Mode Network (DMN) has been found to be altered because of epileptic activity of temporal lobe origin. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare DMN's topological properties in patients with seizure-free (SF) and not seizure-free (NSF) temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).

Methods: Functional connectivity within the DMN was determined from an 8-minute resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 27 patients with TLE (12 SF, 15 NSF) and 15 healthy controls (HC). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A three-dimensional scapular motion analysis in patients with arthroscopic anterior capsulolabral repair of the shoulder: The effect of scapular stabilization taping.

J Orthop Sci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Hacettepe University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the scapular kinematics during dynamic humeral movements in patients with arthroscopic anterior capsulolabral repair of the shoulder along with the potential biomechanical corrective effects of scapular stabilization taping.

Methods: Twenty patients with unilateral traumatic anterior shoulder instability and arthroscopic anterior capsulolabral repair participated in the study. Dynamic shoulder kinematics were assessed during the scapular plane shoulder elevation for both the operated and non operated shoulders and also under two conditions: no-taping and taping. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation estrogen, progesteron and androgen receptor expressions in corneal epithelium in keratoconus.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Hacettepe University, Bioengineering, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the role of sex steroid hormone receptors in corneal epithelium in etiopathogenesis of keratoconus (KC).

Methods: Thirty patients with KC who were planned for corneal collagen-crosslinking and 20 patients who were planned for excimer laser for refractive errors included in this study. Corneal epitheliums were curated mechanically during surgeries. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical factors associated with contact lens dropout.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Centre for Ocular Research and Education (CORE), School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

Purpose: Contact lens (CL) dropout is estimated to be approximately equal to the number of new wearers per year, resulting in virtually no growth in the global CL market. The purpose of this study was to determine ocular and CL factors associated with CL dropout.

Methods: This five-site study recruited subjects 18-45 years of age who had ceased CL wear within the past 6-12 months due to discomfort. Read More

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December 2018