2,176 results match your criteria Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return


Isolated Anomalous Right Superior Pulmonary Venous Return to the Inferior Vena Cava.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2022 Jul;13(4):508-509

Leon H Charney Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare congenital abnormality. We present images from an atypical case of isolated anomalous right superior pulmonary venous return to the inferior vena cava without other cardiac abnormalities. Read More

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Currarino syndrome as an incidental radiologic finding in a patient with acute flank pain: A case report.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Sep 17;17(9):2936-2939. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Currarino syndrome is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease defined as a triad of anorectal abnormality, sacral dysgenesis, and a presacral mass, primarily an anterior sacral meningocele. It is often seen in children and considered rare in adults. It is mostly found as an incidental finding. Read More

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September 2022

An example of parenchymal renal sparing in the context of complex malformations due to a novel mutation in the PBX1 gene.

Birth Defects Res 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

UOC Genetica Medica, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.

Introduction: PBX1 encodes the pre-B cell leukemia factor 1, a Three Amino acid Loop Extension (TALE) transcription factor crucial to regulate basic developmental processes. PBX1 loss-of-function variants have been initially described in association with renal malformations in both isolated and syndromic forms.

Case Report: Herein, we report a male infant presenting multiple organ malformations (cleidosternal dysostosis, micrognathia, left lung hypoplasia, wide interatrial defect, pulmonary hypertension, total anomalous pulmonary venous return, intestinal malrotation) and carrying the heterozygous de novo c. Read More

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Vascular anomaly diagnosis by central venous catheter misplacement: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Jun 22;16(1):259. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Radiology, Ikazia Hospital Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Congenital heart diseases rarely have a primary manifestation in adulthood. They are a rare cause of pulmonary hypertension in adults.

Case Presentation: A 70-year-old woman of Eurasian descent underwent emergency surgery for bowel ischemia. Read More

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An incidental discovery of supracardiac left-sided partial anomalous pulmonary connection and dilation of the azygos vein detected in adulthood.

Curr Med Imaging 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

116 street # 9-02 Diagnostic Imaging Department. Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá. Universidad El Bosque. Colombia.

Introduction: Anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare congenital variant of the pulmonary veins which are drained into the right atrium. Left-side partial anomalous pulmonary connections are usually detected in adulthood and occasionally drain into the left brachiocephalic vein.

Case Description: An asymptomatic 63-year-old woman with known history of left carotid body paraganglioma was admitted to our institution for evaluation of this tumor by computed tomography angiography of the neck and brain. Read More

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Persistent right heart dilatation after percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty: A weird coexistence of iatrogenic and congenital shunts.

Echocardiography 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

We present an interesting case of concomitant congenital anomalies with an iatrogenic defect. The female patient underwent a percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty due to rheumatic mitral stenosis. Unfortunately, an iatrogenic atrial septal defect (ASD) transpired during the procedure. Read More

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Surgical Outcomes of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection Repair.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 23;58(5). Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, 04-736 Warsaw, Poland.

Over the years, surgical repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) outcomes have improved, however, morbidity and mortality still remain significant. This study aims to assess the early and long-term outcomes of surgical treatment of TAPVC children, operated on between 2006 and 2016, in one pediatric center in Poland. : Diagnostics, surgical treatment, and follow-up data from 83 patients were collected. Read More

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Multimodality Approach to a Complex Scimitar Syndrome: How Advanced Diagnostics Can Guide Therapeutic Strategies.

JACC Case Rep 2022 May 18;4(10):596-603. Epub 2022 May 18.

Institute of Clinical Physiology, National Research Council, Pisa, Italy.

We report an unusual association of scimitar syndrome with right diaphragmatic hernia, left-sided aortic arch with "aberrant right subclavian artery" in a 2-year-old boy who underwent stepwise transcatheter occlusion of a significant aortopulmonary collateral followed by surgical treatment for the repair of the diaphragmatic hernia and esophageal compression. (). Read More

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Infradiaphragmatic partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection in adulthood. Considerations for management: a single centre experience.

Cardiol Young 2022 May 18:1-5. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Cardiology and Grown-up Congenital Heart Disease, ICLAS, Rapallo, GE, Italy.

Background And Objectives: Infradiaphragmatic partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection is occasionally diagnosed in adulthood. Management of infradiaphragmatic PAPVC depends on anatomy and clinical presentation.

Methods: Over a 10-year period, we observed seven adult patients (median age 29 years) with partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Read More

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Clinical implications of airway anomalies and stenosis in patients with heterotaxy syndrome.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Radiology, National Taiwan University Hospital and Medical College, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

In heterotaxy syndrome, bronchopulmonary situs usually reflects atrial situs, resulting in either right (RAI) or left atrial isomerism (LAI). This study determines airway anomalies and its implications in patients with heterotaxy. This retrospective study included 223 patients with heterotaxy syndrome who received an integrated cardiac computed tomography evaluation. Read More

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Cardiac-type total anomalous pulmonary venous return is not benign.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2022 Apr 19. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Department of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, Congenital Heart Center, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between morphological variation and postsurgical pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis (PPVS) in patients with cardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC).

Methods: This single-center, retrospective study included 168 pediatric patients who underwent surgical repair of cardiac TAPVC from 2013 to 2019 (connection to the coronary sinus [CS], n = 136; connection directly to the right atrium [RA], n = 32). Three-dimensional computed tomography modeling and geometric analysis were performed to investigate the morphological features; their relevance to the PPVS was examined. Read More

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Intraoperative Collateral Drainage Evaluation Before Superior Caval Interruption in Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection Repair.

Innovations (Phila) 2022 May-Jun;17(3):244-246. Epub 2022 May 13.

Cardiovascular Surgery, 16493Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona, Spain.

A superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection was corrected by a minimally invasive approach by permanently ligating the superior vena cava and a single pericardial patch for rerouting the flow through the enlarged interatrial communication. The patient had persistency of the left superior vena cava draining in the coronary sinus but no innominate vein. This anatomy poses a risk of developing right-sided superior vena cava syndrome. Read More

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Long-term results of the Warden procedure for right partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection.

Cardiol Young 2022 May 12:1-6. Epub 2022 May 12.

Medical-Surgical Department of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Pediatric and Adult Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, 7 quai Moncousu, 44093NantesCedex 1, France.

Introduction: Surgery is considered as the first-line therapeutic strategy of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection. The Warden technique has very good short-term results. The aim of this study is to evaluate the stability of these good results over a long period of follow-up. Read More

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variant with the novel phenotype of mixed‑type total anomalous pulmonary venous return in Holt‑Oram Syndrome and variable intrafamilial heart defects.

Mol Med Rep 2022 06 6;25(6). Epub 2022 May 6.

Pediatric Genomics Discovery Program, Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06504, USA.

Variants in T‑box transcription factor 5 () can result in a wide phenotypic spectrum, specifically in the heart and the limbs. has been implicated in causing non‑syndromic cardiac defects and Holt‑Oram syndrome (HOS). The present study investigated the underlying molecular etiology of a family with heterogeneous heart defects. Read More

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Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection With Intact Atrial Septum: Early and Midterm Outcomes.

Ann Thorac Surg 2022 Apr 30. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address:

Background: Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return with intact atrial septum warrants greater understanding and evaluation in the literature.

Methods: From January 1993 to December 2018, 293 patients with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return underwent surgical repair. Of these, 45 patients (15. Read More

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Scimitar syndrome - An incidental diagnosis in a case of fibroadenoma.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Jun 20;17(6):2231-2234. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, GITAM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly which is characterised by anomalous pulmonary venous drainage of the either entire right lung or part of it into the inferior vena cava or portal vein or hepatic vein or right atrium occasionally. This can be associated with hypoplasia of the right lung, dextroposition, underdevelopment of right pulmonary artery and anomalous systemic arterial supply from the descending aorta to the hypoplastic lung. A 36 year old female came with history of swelling in the right breast which turned up to be right breast fibroadenoma. Read More

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Mid-Term Results and Risk Factors For 10 Years of Functional Single Ventricle Associated With Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection.

Heart Surg Forum 2022 Mar 8;25(2):E181-E186. Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: There are few surgical treatment results in elderly patients with functional single ventricle (FSV) and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). We retrospectively analyzed 10 years of mid-term surgical treatment results and risk factors of these age-specific people.

Methods: Between March 2008 and December 2018, 43 consecutive patients with FSV and TAPVC received initial surgical palliation in our center. Read More

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Anomalous Connection of the Left Pulmonary Vein to the Coronary Sinus with Intact Atrial Septum in a Young Woman.

Heart Surg Forum 2022 Mar 29;25(2):E256-E258. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, China.

Background: Left-sided partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is a rare congenital abnormal cardiac defect. An intact atrial septum is more uncommon. As we know, a connection of the left pulmonary vein (LPV) to the coronary sinus (CS) with an intact atrial septum has not been previously reported. Read More

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Divided left atrium with totally anomalous drainage of normally connected pulmonary veins.

Cardiol Young 2022 Apr 29:1-3. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK.

In the December 2021 issue of Cardiology in the Young, Hubrechts and colleagues, from Brussels and Leuven in Belgium, describe their experience in which the pulmonary veins were normally connected to the morphologically left atrium. By virtue of the presence of a shelf dividing the morphologically left atrium, however, the venous return was to the morphologically right atrium, with no evidence of formation of the superior interatrial fold, meaning that there was no obstruction of flow into the systemic venous circulation. The question posed by the Belgian authors is whether the shelf dividing the morphologically left atrium is a deviated primary atrial septum, as the arrangement has previously been interpreted. Read More

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Invited commentary for: Essential role of cardiac computed tomography for surgical decision making in children with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection and single ventricle.

J Card Surg 2022 Jul 29;37(7):2166-2167. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Pediatric Radiology, St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Drexel University College of Medicine, Merion Station, Pennsylvania, USA.

Thousands of neonates are born each year with complex congenital heart defects, such as total anomalous pulmonary venous connection combined with single ventricle physiology. This dual diagnosis with significant vessel and ventricular complexity requires alternative additional imaging to fully visualize the anatomical challenge and devise the appropriate treatment strategy for the patient. Read More

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Neonatal Myocardial Infarction: A Proposed Algorithm for Coronary Arterial Thrombus Management.

Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2022 May 29;15(5):e011664. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology (H. El-Sabrout, P.G., K.R., G.V., J.P., S.H., H. El-Said), Rady Children's Hospital/University of California, San Diego.

Background: Neonatal myocardial infarction is rare and is associated with a high mortality of 40% to 50%. We report our experience with neonatal myocardial infarction, including presentation, management, outcomes, and our current patient management algorithm.

Methods: We reviewed all infants admitted with a diagnosis of coronary artery thrombosis, coronary ischemia, or myocardial infarction between January 2015 and May 2021. Read More

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Inferior sinus venosus defect and anomalous hepatic venous return to the coronary sinus leading to an Eisenmenger syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2022 Apr 28:1-2. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Marie-Lannelongue Hospital, Paediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery Department, Centre de Référence des Malformations Cardiaques Congénitales Complexes M3C Groupe Hospitalier Saint-Joseph, Paris-Saclay University, Plessis-Robinson, France.

Inferior sinus venosus defect associated with left hepatic vein drainage to the coronary sinus is an extremely rare condition. We report the case of a 41-year-old man suffering from pulmonary arterial hypertension related to this unusual CHD. Planning of heart-lung transplantation in this case required accurate anatomical description. Read More

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Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection with portosystemic shunt in a cat.

J Vet Cardiol 2022 Apr 4;41:220-226. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Elle Animal Clinic, 1-5-12 Tokiwadai, Kitakami, 024-0012, Japan.

A thirteen-month-old castrated male domestic shorthair presented for evaluation with a three-month history of hematuria. Portosystemic shunts and calculi within the bladder were suspected, and computed tomography angiography was performed. Computed tomography angiography identified an extrahepatic portosystemic shunt and a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection, with the lobar vein of the right caudal lobe draining into the caudal vena cava. Read More

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Successful occlusion of a feeding artery with Amplatzer Piccolo Occluder in a patient diagnosed with Scimitar syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2022 Apr 27:1-2. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara City Hospital, Pediatric Cardiology Department, Ankara, Turkey.

Scimitar syndrome is a congenital anomaly in which some or all of right pulmonary veins drain into inferior caval vein. It is associated with anomalous systemic arteries arising from descending aorta supplying to right lung. Transcatheter embolisation of this artery prevents complications. Read More

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Case Report: Double-Decker Repair of Partial Pulmonary Venous Return Into the Coronary Sinus.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 5;9:853005. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

We present a case of persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) draining into the right atrium (RA) the coronary sinus (CS), while the left superior pulmonary vein returns abnormally to the CS. The LSVC may have few clinical consequences but complicates surgical repair of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR). Transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomographic angiography (CTA) showed that a persistent LSVC and PAPVR converged behind the left atrium. Read More

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Prenatal Diagnosis and Management of Single-Ventricle Heart Disease.

Can J Cardiol 2022 Apr 13. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

In the current era, most single-ventricle heart disease (SVHD) is diagnosed prenatally by means of fetal echocardiography. Disparities exist, however, by socioeconomic status and remote location, which require further attention. Prenatal diagnosis affords the opportunity to counsel expectant parents regarding the life-long course of children with SVHD, including the stages of single-ventricle palliation and challenges of the Fontan circulation; to discuss pregnancy management options; and to optimise delivery planning and perinatal care. Read More

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Sutureless Closure Versus Conventional Technique in the Primary Surgery of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Pediatr Cardiol 2022 Jun 15;43(5):943-951. Epub 2022 Apr 15.

Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, 217 Hong Bang, Ward 11, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Sutureless closure has been used for primary repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) for over 20 years but its superiority over conventional technique is still uncertain. This systematic review was conducted to compare the effectiveness of sutureless closure and conventional surgery as the primary repair for TAPVC. Systematic search was performed in June 2021 on 12 databases. Read More

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A rare case of right upper lung cancer with azygos lobe and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Apr 12;17(1):74. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Maoming People's Hospital, 101 Weimin Road, Maoming, 52500, China.

Background: The azygos lobe (AL) combined with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is comparatively uncommon as well as in radical surgery for right lung cancer.

Case Presentation: We herein present an extremely rare case of lung cancer coexisting with AL and asymptomatic PAPVR, which was diagnosed with preoperative contrast three-dimensional reconstruction and received radical surgery by thoracoscopy. During the surgery, we preserved azygos vein successfully and found a split type of PAPVR in right upper pulmonary vein. Read More

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