1,775 results match your criteria Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return


Sinus Venosus Interatrial Communication, Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return, Pulmonary Artery Aneurysm With Left Main Compression: Complex Case With Complex Management.

Can J Cardiol 2019 Apr 29;35(4):544.e7-544.e9. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Cardiovascular Center, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Center for Pulmonary Hypertension and Pulmonary Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and the Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

A young female patient was referred for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Catheterization revealed a large sinus venosus interatrial communication (SVIAC), partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) 15 Wood units, and bidirectional shunting. She was then put on target medication for PAH. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0828282X183140
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2018.12.030DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Warden Procedure in a 77-year-old Man.

Ann Thorac Surg 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Riley Hospital for Children, 705 Riley Hospital Dr., Indianapolis, IN 46202.

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is a rare congenital heart defect characterized by one or more but not all of the pulmonary veins draining somewhere other than the left atrium thereby creating a left-to-right shunt. Over time, patients may develop right-sided volume overload and its subsequent complications. We present a case of isolated PAPVR in an older patient who underwent a Warden procedure at age 77 years with rapid improvement in right ventricular size and function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.02.049DOI Listing

Scimitar syndrome: A rare case of recurrent pneumonia.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Mar;69(3):423-425

Consultant Pediatrics Cardiologist, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad.

Scimitar syndrome is a rare, congenital malformation. It is characterized by partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to inferior vena cava, hypoplastic right lung along with dextroposition of the heart. Depending on the severity of the defect it can present as early as in neonatal period or incidentally later in life. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Variant scimitar syndrome with intralobar pulmonary sequestration containing adenocarcinoma.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin-Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly in which the right lung is hypoplastic and a scimitar vein is draining into the inferior vena cava. It is known to be sometimes complicated with pulmonary sequestration. However, a right single pulmonary vein draining normally into the left atrium is rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11748-019-01098-3DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Double-decker repair of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return into the superior vena cava.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Jan 26. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Objective: Conventional procedures for partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) to the superior vena cava (SVC) still have serious complications, such as late SVC and/or pulmonary venous obstruction and supraventricular arrhythmia. We aimed to introduce our newly developed surgical technique with minimum right atriotomy and double-barreled arrangement of systemic and pulmonary venous channels (double-decker technique).

Methods: From 1998 to 2018, 21 consecutive patients with PAPVR to the SVC underwent this new procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.01.057DOI Listing
January 2019

Commentary: What is the best surgical technique to repair partial anomalous pulmonary venous return into the superior vena cava? We still do not know.

Authors:
David Kalfa

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Section of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Division of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, New York Presbyterian-Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.01.098DOI Listing
February 2019

An unusual variant of scimitar syndrome predisposing to recurrent pneumonia.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 23;26:240-243. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Scimitar syndrome is a rare constellation of congenital conditions pertaining to partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. Radiographically, these anomalous pulmonary veins can resemble a scimitar, and have heterogeneous clinical presentations. We present an unusual case of scimitar syndrome with associated recurrent pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2019.01.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366150PMC
January 2019

Repair of Scimitar syndrome using an extracardiac conduit in pediatric patients: Report of two patients.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):49-52

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Scimitar syndrome (SS) can be repaired by different surgical techniques including direct implantation, intracardiac rerouting, and pericardial channel to direct the Scimitar vein (SV) to the left atrium. The presence of several anatomical variations such as remote infradiaphragmatic drainage of the SV and abnormal situs makes the repair more challenging with conventional repair techniques. In this paper, we present our experience in using an extracardiac-ringed polytetrafluoroethylene conduit in two pediatric patients (14 months and 2 years old) with SS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_92_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343385PMC
February 2019

Comparison of conventional and primary sutureless surgery for repairing supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Feb 8;14(1):34. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Cardiovascular surgery, Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital, Chongqing, 404000, China.

Objective: The efficacy of using a sutureless approach in order to surgically manage postoperative pulmonary vein stenosis following total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) has been reported, though outcomes of primary treatment of supracardiac TAPVD remain unclear. We retrospectively reviewed our cardiac center experience, and compared the differences in mid-term outcomes for those patients that received conventional surgery and those that underwent sutureless technique for the primary repair of supracardiac TAPVD.

Methods: A total of 43 patients (median age, 199 days; range, 35 days to 1572 days) with supracardiac TAPVD underwent surgical treatment at our cardiac center from 2014 to 2018 were studied retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-019-0853-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368785PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Diagnostic Work-Up of Pulmonary Hypertension - Think About Shunt Flow! A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Feb 5;20:154-158. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, West German Heart and Vascular Center Essen, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

BACKGROUND The diagnostic work-up and treatment of pulmonary hypertension can be complex. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), pulmonary hypertension second to lung or heart diseases and thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, and other rare causes of pulmonary hypertension such as congenital heart diseases must be considered in the differential diagnostic work-up. CASE REPORT We report on a patient who has been treated for PAH over many years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.912191DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369654PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Simple cough presentation of a rare variant of a meandering left pulmonary vein.

J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

NIHR Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Sir Peter Mansfield Imaging Centre, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, NG72UH, United Kingdom; Radiology Department, Royal Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, CB23 3RE, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcct.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Cor triatriatum sinister with left anomalous pulmonary venous return to innominate vein.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 24;29(3):428-430. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Cardiac Surgery,University of Heidelberg,Heidelberg,Germany.

Cor triatriatum sinister is a rare congenital abnormality, with varying signs and symptoms related to the anatomic features and the components of the accompanying cardiac abnormalities. We present a 3-year-old girl who underwent successful simultaneous operation with complete loss of the membrane and ligation of vertical vein by anomalous venous return. The principles for surgical management of cor triatriatum can be summarised as radical resection of the membrane and correction of other intracardiac anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002305DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Total anomalous pulmonary vein drainage in a 60-year-old woman diagnosed in an ECG-gated multidetector computed tomography - a case report and review of literature.

Pol J Radiol 2018 5;83:e334-e339. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

I Department of Medical Radiology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Purpose: Total anomalous pulmonary vein drainage (TAPVD) is a congenital cardiac defect in which there is no connection between pulmonary veins and the left atrium. Pulmonary veins form a confluence independent of the left atrium and drain to a systemic vein. TAPVD types are: supracardiac, cardiac, infracardiac, and mixed. Read More

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https://www.termedia.pl/doi/10.5114/pjr.2018.77696
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pjr.2018.77696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323547PMC
July 2018
10 Reads

More than an atrial septal defect.

J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2018 Dec 22. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho Hospital Centre, Porto, Rua Conceição Fernandes 1282, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19345925183029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcct.2018.12.054DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Bilateral Pulmonary Artery Banding before Norwood Procedure: Survival of High-Risk Patients.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Congenital Heart Disease-Pediatric Cardiology, German Heart Center Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

Background:  This study reports midterm results of high-risk patients with hypoplastic left ventricle treated with initial bilateral pulmonary artery banding (PAB) before secondary Norwood procedure (NP).

Methods:  Retrospective study of 17 patients admitted between July 2012 and February 2017 who underwent this treatment strategy because diagnosis or clinical status was associated with high risk for NP. Survival was compared with that of patients who underwent primary NP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676617DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Left Atrial Drainage of the Right Superior Vena Cava: A Case Report.

J Tehran Heart Cent 2018 Apr;13(2):84-87

Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical, and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

An isolated right superior vena cava (RSVC) draining into the left atrium represents a very rare congenital malformation, especially in the absence of a partial anomalous pulmonary venous return. This condition leads to hypoxemia, cyanosis, and clubbing without any other signs of heart defects. We describe an 8-year-old girl, who was referred to our hospital due to unexplained cyanosis. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6246439PMC
April 2018
13 Reads

Surgical repair of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return with intact atrial septum in a 65-year-old woman: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Nov 24;12(1):350. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of General and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu City, 501-1194, Japan.

Background: Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly that usually involves the right pulmonary vein and an atrial septal defect. Isolated partial anomalous pulmonary venous return with an intact atrial septum is even rarer, and this condition is usually treated surgically in younger patients. We describe isolated partial anomalous pulmonary venous return in a 65-year-old woman who was treated by caval division with pericardial patch baffling through a surgically created atrial septal defect and reconstruction of the superior vena cava using a prosthetic graft. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1874-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260651PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

The Usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Cardiovascular System in the Diagnostic Work-Up of Patients With Turner Syndrome.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 16;9:609. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Unit, First Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Cardiovascular defects occur in 50% of patients with Turner syndrome (TS). The aim of the study was to estimate the usefulness of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and magnetic resonance angiography (angio-MR) as diagnostics in children and adolescents with TS. Forty-one females with TS, aged 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232706PMC
October 2018
18 Reads

Accuracy of echocardiography in diagnosing total anomalous pulmonary venous return.

Pak J Med Sci 2018 Sep-Oct;34(5):1094-1098

Dr. Mehnaz Atiq, FCPS (Pediatrics), FCPS (Pediatric Cardiology). Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: Total anomalous pulmonary venous return is an uncommon cyanotic congenital heart defect. Echocardiography is the initial diagnostic tool. Complimentary non-invasive modalities like cardiac computerized tomographic angiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging have replaced the need for cardiac catheterization in difficult cases. Read More

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http://pjms.com.pk/index.php/pjms/article/view/15766
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.15766DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191797PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Azygos Vein to the Rescue of Warden Anastomosis in High Pulmonary Venous Drainage.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2018 Oct 18:2150135118769319. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

1 Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, Whitefield, Bangalore, India.

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return is a congenital anomaly in which some of the pulmonary veins drain into the right atrium or one of its venous tributaries. Although excellent long-term results have been described for the classic two-patch technique repair in older patients, The Warden procedure has an important role in smaller and younger patients and those patients in whom the superior vena cava (SVC) may be small and the right-sided pulmonary veins may connect high, at or above the azygos vein. In addition to prevention of early and late sinus node dysfunction, the Warden procedure helps to avoid systemic or pulmonary venous obstruction if care is taken to ensure a tension-free Warden anastomosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2150135118769319DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Successful Percutaneous Recanalization of a Chronically Occluded Inferior Vena Cava in a Young Child.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2018 Oct 8:2150135118771316. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

2 Department of Pediatrics (Cardiology), University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Young children with congenital heart disease are undergoing an increasing number of catheter-based interventions. These procedures can lead to obstruction of large central veins, making future interventions more challenging or even impossible. We present a young child with a chronically occluded inferior vena cava (IVC) secondary to prior catheterization-based interventions for congenital heart disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2150135118771316DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

A Novel Mouse Model for Cilia-Associated Cardiovascular Anomalies with a High Penetrance of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2019 Jan 5;302(1):136-145. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Regenerative Medicine and Cell Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina.

Primary cilia are small organelles projecting from the cell surface of many cell types. They play a crucial role in the regulation of various signaling pathway. In this study, we investigated the importance of cilia for heart development by conditionally deleting intraflagellar transport protein Ift88 using the col3. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ar.23909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.23909DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6312498PMC
January 2019
19 Reads

Red colour venous flow in the suprasternal view: a red flag sign.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 30;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Department of Cardiology, Christian Medical College and Hospital Vellore, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227257DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Prevalence of congenital cardiac anomalies in patients with cleft lip and palate - Its implications in surgical management.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2018 Sep-Dec;8(3):241-244. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Sharad Pawar Dental College & Hospital, DMIMS, Wardha, India.

Background: Cleft lip and palate is one of the most common congenital craniofacial deformities seen in children. Various congenital anomalies are reported in the literature to be associated with cleft lip and palate. Cardiac anomalies are one of the most common congenital disorders associated in cleft lip and palate patientsIt includes Cyanotic and acyanotic cardiac diseases likel fallot's tetralogy, transposition of greater vessels, atresia of tricuspid, total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR), truncus arteriosus, ebstein's anomaly, hypoplastic left heart syndrome and pulmonary atresia, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, aortic stenosis and coarctation of aorta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2017.09.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6107920PMC
October 2017
4 Reads

Scimitar syndrome associated with aberrant right subclavian artery, diaphragmatic hernia, and urinary anomalies - case report and review of the literature.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(2):625-630

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, "Maria Skłodowska Curie" Emergency Children's Hospital, Bucharest, Romania;

Scimitar syndrome is a form of a partially or totally right pulmonary venous return to the inferior vena cava, which may associate variably right lung hypoplasia, right pulmonary artery hypoplasia, pulmonary sequestration together with the presence of aortopulmonary collaterals from the descending aorta towards the right lung. In many cases, there are also other cardiac anomalies associated. We present a unique association of a partially anomalous pulmonary venous return to the inferior vena cava with other vascular and thoracic anomalies: inferior sinus venosus and secundum atrial septal defect, retroesophageal right subclavian artery, obstructed accessory right bronchus, diaphragmatic hernia with ectopic liver, "S"-type thoracic scoliosis and malformations of the urinary tract (duplication of the right ureter and of the left basinet). Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Multimodality imaging of scimitar syndrome in adults: A report of four cases.

Echocardiography 2018 10 23;35(10):1684-1691. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

The Leon H Charney Division of Cardiology, New York University Langone Health, New York City, New York.

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) comprises a group of congenital cardiovascular anomalies associated with pulmonary venous flow directly or indirectly into the right atrium. Scimitar syndrome is a variant of PAPVR in which the right lung is drained by right pulmonary veins connected anomalously to the inferior vena cava. Surgery is the definitive treatment for scimitar syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/echo.14124DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return with dual drainage to the superior vena cava and left atrium with pulmonary hypertension.

Respir Med Case Rep 2018 7;25:112-115. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Department of Respirology (B2), Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Japan.

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is a rare congenital cardiovascular anomaly. A 68-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for detailed examination for pulmonary hypertension (PH). She had been diagnosed as having pulmonary artery dilation and suspected to have PH during a health check seven years prior. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22130071183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6088432PMC
August 2018
20 Reads

Familial total anomalous pulmonary venous return with 15q11.2 (BP1-BP2) microdeletion.

J Hum Genet 2018 Nov 14;63(11):1185-1188. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Division of Medical Genetics, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.

A 15q11.2 microdeletion (BP1-BP2) is associated with congenital heart diseases (CHDs), developmental delay, and epilepsy. This deletion co-occurs with CHD in 20-30% patients, but a familial case of CHD and a 15q11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-018-0499-7DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Hybrid Pulmonary Vein Stenting in Infants with Refractory to Surgical Pulmonary Vein Stenosis Repair.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Dec 13;39(8):1642-1649. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is still a frustrating disease with extremely high mortality, especially in children with multiple severe PVS. Hybrid pulmonary vein stenting (HPVS) is a rescue treatment for recurrent and malignant PVS. The aim of this study is to share our successful experience with intraoperative HPVS for recurrent PVS after total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) repair in infant. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00246-018-1944-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-018-1944-2DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Visual Diagnosis: A 7-year-old Boy with Dyspnea and an Unusual Chest Radiograph.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Aug;39(8):e33-e37

Department of Cardiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.2017-0086DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return with No Connection.

CASE (Phila) 2018 Jun 1;2(3):85-88. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.case.2017.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6058939PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Contemporary Outcomes After Repair of Isolated and Complex Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Nov 4;106(5):1429-1437. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Division of Congenital Heart Surgery, Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Background: Contemporary outcomes of complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD) repair, particularly for defects with associated abnormalities, is unclear. The goal of this study is to report an all-inclusive experience of CAVSD repair using a consistent surgical approach.

Methods: All patients undergoing CAVSD repair between 1995 and 2016 at our institution were included. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00034975183098
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.06.006DOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

Respiratory distress in a 2-month-old infant: Is the primary cause cardiac, pulmonary or both?

Respir Med Case Rep 2018 19;25:61-65. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

A 2-month-old female with worsening cough, respiratory distress and an abnormal chest X-ray was referred to our institution for further evaluation of suspected scimitar syndrome. She was found to have normal pulmonary venous drainage with a large patent ductus arteriosus and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Chest CT was suggestive of interstitial lung disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2018.06.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039757PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Meandering pulmonary veins mimicking scimitar syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2018 Oct 11;28(10):1171-1173. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

1Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Narayana Institute of Cardiac Sciences,Bangalore,Karnataka,India.

Scimitar or pulmonary venolobar syndrome, a rare pulmonary anomaly, consists basically of anomalous pulmonary venous drainage of the right lung to the inferior caval vein, anomalous systemic arterial supply to the right lower lobe from the descending aorta, hypoplasia of the right lung, and dextroposed heart. We present a rare case with constellation of all these findings of scimitar syndrome, but with the aberrant pulmonary vein draining into the left atrium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001117DOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

Unusual association between corrected transposition of great arteries and supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection: a rare combination never reported before.

Cardiol Young 2018 Aug 4;28(8):1059-1061. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

3Department of Radiodiagnosis,BL Kapur Super Specialty Hospital,New Delhi,India.

We describe the case of a 52-day-old child who was diagnosed with a rare combination of corrected transposition of great vessels - hypoplastic right ventricle with supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118000677DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

A rare case of horseshoe lung with scimitar syndrome and persistent left superior vena cava.

Lung India 2018 Jul-Aug;35(4):354-356

Department of Radio-Diagnosis, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_388_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6034380PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Single Ventricle and Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: Implications of Prenatal Diagnosis.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2018 07;9(4):434-439

2 Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Single ventricle (SV) patients with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) are at high risk. Given the limited published data available, we examined outcomes and the implications of a prenatal diagnosis of SV/TAPVC.

Methods: A single-center, retrospective review was performed in neonates with SV/TAPVC from 1998 to 2014, identified through institutional databases. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2150135118771344
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2150135118771344DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads

Computed tomography findings and preoperative risk factors for mortality of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Dec 25;34(12):1969-1975. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Health Statistics, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

Detailed preoperative imaging of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is critical to ensuring adequate surgical planning and preoperative decision making. The purpose of this study was to describe the computed tomography findings of TAPVC and identify morphologic death risk factors. We conducted a retrospective study included 70 patients with TAPVC between May 2014 and June 2017 in Hunan Children's Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10554-018-1405-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245109PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

An Unusual Neonatal Presentation of Scimitar Syndrome.

AJP Rep 2018 Apr 20;8(2):e138-e141. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatric, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Scimitar syndrome is characterized by partial or total anomalous pulmonary venous return from the right lung along with pulmonary hypoplasia. We present a case of a 37 weeks' gestation male infant with antenatal ultrasound findings of suspected partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) and coarctation of the aorta. The newborn presented with respiratory distress, a chest X-ray and chest computed tomography (CT) angiogram confirmed the diagnosis of scimitar syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1656533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6010356PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Congenital second-degree heart block and total anomalous pulmonary venous return associated with microduplication of 1q32.2.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):194-196

Department of Pediatrics, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA.

We report a term female infant with congenital heart block and total anomalous of pulmonary venous return. The results of single nucleotide polymorphism oligonucleotide microarray analysis showed an interstitial duplication of approximately 818 Kb, which involved 11 genes, including the entire LAMB3 gene which is known to associate with cardiac conduction defect. Our report adds to the collective knowledge that the cardiac conduction defect is a clinical feature of chromosome 1q32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_21_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963235PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Sutureless technique versus conventional surgery in the primary treatment of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Jun 15;13(1):69. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No.136 Zhongshan Second Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400014, China.

Backgroud: A meta-analysis was performed to compare the differences in outcomes between sutureless technique and conventional surgery for primary repair of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection(TAPVC).

Methods: Electronic databases, including PubMed, EMbase, Medline, CNKI, Wanfang Data and Weipu Data were searched systematically for the literature aimed mainly at comparing the therapeutic effects for primary repair of TAPVC administered by sutureless technique and conventional surgery. Corresponding data sets were extracted and two reviewers independently assessed the methodological quality. Read More

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https://cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-018-0756-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6003069PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Transcatheter closure of a sinus venosus atrial septal defect using 3D printing and image fusion guidance.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Aug 13;92(2):353-357. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas.

A 63-year-old man with cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and coagulopathy was diagnosed with a sinus venosus atrial septal defect (ASD) and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) of the right upper pulmonary vein (RUPV). Transcatheter repair by positioning a stent graft in the superior vena cava was planned. Based on three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of gated cardiac CTA, a 28 mm × 7 cm Endurant II aortic extension stent graft (Medtronic, MN) was chosen. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ccd.27645
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.27645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175141PMC
August 2018
32 Reads

Positional Oxygenation Changes in an Adult Patient With Scimitar Syndrome: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2018 Nov;11(9):247-249

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ege University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Scimitar syndrome is a rare complex of congenital anomalies of the cardiopulmonary system. In patients with scimitar syndrome, the right pulmonary vein abnormally drains into the inferior vena cava, right atrium, coronary sinus, azygos vein, portal vein, or hepatic vein. The syndrome gets its name from the Turkish sword-like image that appears on chest x-ray. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000000798DOI Listing
November 2018
27 Reads

Postoperative Obstruction of the Pulmonary Veins in Mixed Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Oct 5;39(7):1489-1495. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Division of Cardiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is a rare form of congenital heart disease in which the pulmonary veins drain by various pathways to the right atrium instead of the left atrium. Postoperative obstruction of the pulmonary veins is a known complication. Identifying risk factors for morbidity and mortality is important for counseling and monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-018-1921-9DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Robotic repair of left-sided partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the coronary sinus.

J Robot Surg 2019 Apr 23;13(2):319-323. Epub 2018 May 23.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Istanbul SBU Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Education and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Left-sided partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the coronary sinus is a rare congenital cardiac defect. Surgical repair is indicated to prevent cardiopulmonary morbidities that may occur in later age. Although the conventional median sternotomy or thoracotomy incisions are used during surgical repair, robotic surgery can be a feasible alternative approach to this pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11701-018-0825-2DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Neonatal Outcomes in Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return: The Role of Prenatal Diagnosis and Pulmonary Venous Obstruction.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Oct 23;39(7):1346-1354. Epub 2018 May 23.

Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

The objective of this study is to evaluate neonatal outcomes of total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) and identify fetal echocardiography findings associated with preoperative pulmonary venous obstruction (PPVO). This retrospective study evaluated TAPVR cases from 2005 to 2014 for preoperative and postoperative outcomes based on prenatal diagnosis, PPVO, and heterotaxy syndrome. Fetal pulmonary and vertical vein Dopplers were analyzed as predictors of PPVO. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00246-018-1901-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-018-1901-0DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads