72,472 results match your criteria Annual research & review in biology[Journal]


Degradation of brominated polymeric flame retardants and effects of generated decomposition products.

Chemosphere 2019 Apr 8;227:329-333. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Aquatic Ecology and Centre for Water and Environmental Research (ZWU), University Duisburg-Essen, 45141, Essen, Germany.

Brominated flame retardants are often associated with adverse environmental effects. Nevertheless, these chemicals are required in order to comply with fire safety standards. Therefore, a better environmental profile is desirable. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.052DOI Listing

An integrated statistical and deterministic hydrologic model for analyzing trace organic contaminants in commercial and high-density residential stormwater runoff.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 6;673:656-667. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

United States Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, 8505 Research Way, Middleton, WI 53562, USA.

Urbanization can dramatically alter stormwater, both the quantity and quality, by engendering larger peak flows and through the introduction of contaminants into runoff. The current study builds on previous research that developed relationships between a suite of nonpoint source contaminants, known as trace organic contaminants (TOrCs), and hydrologic measurements for a series of storms (one site had 15 storms and the other had 19 storms) in Madison, WI, by creating statistical and deterministic models. Correlations and regressions were calculated between TOrC loads and hydrologic measurements for a series of storms for both a commercial site and a high-density residential site. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193132
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.327DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Influence of cultivar, irrigation, ripening stage, and annual variability on the oxidant/antioxidant systems of olives as determined by MDS-PTA.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215540. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Plant Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (Research Group FBCMP), Extremadura University, Badajoz, Spain.

The phenolic composition and content of olive fruit are some of the attributes that determine oil quality. This composition depends on the olive variety, the cultivation system, and the fruit's ripeness. This study considered two olive varieties (Manzanilla and Morisca), under two water regimes (irrigated and rainfed), harvested at three stages of maturation (S1, S2, and S3), over three consecutive campaigns (2011, 2012, and 2013). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215540PLOS

Barriers and facilitators of communication about off periods in Parkinson's disease: Qualitative analysis of patient, carepartner, and physician Interviews.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215384. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorders Centre and the Edmond J Safra Program in Parkinson's Research, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Successful patient-physician communication is critical for improving health outcomes, but research regarding optimal communication practices in Parkinson's disease is limited. The objective of the current study was to investigate barriers and facilitators of communication between persons with Parkinson's disease, carepartners, and physicians, specifically in the setting of off periods, with the goal of identifying ways to improve patient-carepartner-physician communication.

Method: We interviewed persons with Parkinson's, carepartners, and physicians (specialists and non-specialists) using a semi-structured questionnaire to identify and describe experiences, barriers, and facilitators relating to communication about off periods in Parkinson's disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215384PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of hypoxia on survival, behavior, metabolism and cellular damage of Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum).

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215158. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

CAS Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China.

The Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum has become a common and dominant macrobenthic species in coastal areas of the northwestern Pacific and temperate waters of Europe; it is also a major cultured shellfish, with annual worldwide production exceeding 3.3 million tonnes. This species faces greater risk of exposure to hypoxia as eutrophication worsens throughout its coastal habitats; however, its tolerance to hypoxia remains unclear, and the toxicological indicators including LC50 and LT50 have not yet been assessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215158PLOS

Bilateral Femoroacetabular Impingement: What is the Fate of the Asymptomatic Hip?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 May;477(5):983-989

I. Azboy , Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul Medipol University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey I. Azboy, H. H. Ceylan, H. Groff, H. Vahedi, J. Parvizi, The Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Bilateral symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is common. However, the fate of asymptomatic hip in patients with the radiographic diagnosis of bilateral FAI and unilateral symptoms remains unknown.

Questions/purposes: (1) What is the likelihood of the asymptomatic hip becoming painful in patients with unilateral symptoms but with radiographic evidence of bilateral femoroacetabular impingement? (2) What radiological and clinical factors are associated with the development of symptoms in an asymptomatic hip diagnosed with FAI?

Methods: A longitudinally maintained institutional FAI database was queried to collect relevant data for this retrospective study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000699DOI Listing

Migration triggers in a large herbivore: Galápagos giant tortoises navigating resource gradients on volcanoes.

Ecology 2019 Apr 18:e02658. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Environmental and Forest Biology, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, Syracuse, New York, 13210, USA.

To understand how migratory behavior evolved and to predict how migratory species will respond to global environmental change it is important to quantify the fitness consequences of intra- and inter-individual variation in migratory behavior. Intra-individual variation includes behavioral responses to changing environmental conditions and hence behavioral plasticity in the context of novel or variable conditions. Inter-individual variation determines the degree of variation on which selection can act and the rate of evolutionary responses to changes in average and extreme environmental conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2658DOI Listing

Actions developed by the Brazilian Physiological Society to promote women's participation in science.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Jun;43(2):199-206

Instituto do Coração, University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

Here we described two activities related to Women in Science: one main conference and one symposium, both developed during the Annual Congress of the Brazilian Physiological Society, which were held within the XXXIII Annual Meeting of the Federation of Brazilian Experimental Biology Societies, from September 3-6, 2018, in Campos do Jordão (SP/Brazil). This conference and the symposium were among the most popular activities of the congress. This is important because the activities addressed important issues, including the fact that only 29% of the worlds' researchers are women, and women have difficulty progressing in a scientific career. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00216.2018DOI Listing

Community intervention to prevent adolescent health behavior problems: Evaluation of communities that care in Australia.

Health Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute.

Objective: A major challenge for health psychologists is to ensure the implementation of evidence-based interventions to improve population health. To reduce high rates of adolescent alcohol use and related health problems, trials of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention process were implemented in Australia beginning in 2001. The process assists communities to strategically plan and monitor implementation of evidence-based preventative interventions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000735DOI Listing

Economic Impact of Hospitalizations in US Adults with Sarcopenia.

J Frailty Aging 2019 ;8(2):93-99

Suzette Pereira, Abbott- Nutrition Division, Research and Development, 3300 Stelzer Road, Columbus, OH 43219 Phone: +1 614-624-4625, Fax: 614-727-4625, Email:

Background: Sarcopenia is characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass with corresponding decline in strength and/or physical function. The economic burden of sarcopenia-associated disability is considerable in the US.

Objective: To estimate the cost of hospitalizations in US adults with sarcopenia categorized by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.jfrailtyaging.com/all-issues.html?article=721
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jfa.2019.10DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Do the regular annual extreme water level changes affect the seasonal appearance of in Poyang Lake?

PeerJ 2019 12;7:e6608. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Nanchang Institute of Technology, Nanchang, China.

Background: Poyang Lake is an ecosystem experiencing annual variations in water level of up to 14 m. Water level changes were 8.03 and 11. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6608DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463853PMC

Setting the international standard for longitudinal follow-up of patients with systemic sclerosis: a Delphi-based expert consensus on core clinical features.

RMD Open 2019 4;5(1):e000826. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Rheumatology A Department, Universite Paris Descartes, Paris, France.

Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe, progressive multiorgan disease but to date, there are no established standardised international guidelines for follow-up of patients with SSc. The goal of this project was to develop an expert consensus for annual systematic investigations in patients with SSc to enhance their standard-of-care.

Material And Methods: The Delphi method was applied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://rmdopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/rmdopen-2018-00082
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/rmdopen-2018-000826DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446182PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Empowering podiatrists to perform pulse checks for opportunistic atrial fibrillation detection during annual diabetes foot checks.

Open Heart 2019 6;6(1):e000795. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Academic Health Science Network North East and North Cumbria (AHSN), Biomedical Research Building, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle, UK.

Objective: To determine whether training podiatrists to provide opportunistic screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) during the local diabetes foot check was feasible and whether it detects previously unknown AF.

Method: During the initiative, 45 podiatrists from across North Durham, Darlington and Durham Dales Easington and Sedgefield Clinical Commissioning Groups were trained to recognise heart irregularities when taking pulse readings of feet of patients with diabetes during their annual foot screening reviews.

Results: Over the course of the 3-month pilot, 5000 patients with diabetes had their feet pulse-tested. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2018-000795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443127PMC
February 2019

Budget Impact Model of Omadacycline on Replacing a Proportion of Existing Treatment Options Among Patients Who Present to the Emergency Department with Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections.

Am Health Drug Benefits 2019 Feb;12(1-Supplement 2):S13-S24

Professor, Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, NY.

Background: Omadacycline is an oral and intravenous (IV) once-daily aminomethylcycline antibiotic that is approved in the United States for the treatment of adults with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI). It has broad-spectrum activity against common causative pathogens of ABSSSI, including methicillin-resistant . Omadacycline has been shown to be noninferior to linezolid for the treatment of adults with ABSSSI across 2 phase 3 clinical trials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019

Determinants of scholarly project completion in a paediatric resident program in Canada.

Paediatr Child Health 2019 May 28;24(2):e98-e103. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Background: The primary aims of this study were to: 1) assess barriers and facilitators of completing scholarly projects from residents and faculty mentor perspectives, 2) determine the perceived value of new initiatives designed to support resident scholarly projects and 3) determine if these initiatives led to changes in resident publications.

Design And Methods: Between June and September 2014, we surveyed 18 paediatric residents and 41 faculty mentors regarding barriers to resident scholarly project completion and the value of new initiatives to support scholarly activity. We also tracked scientific publications by residents before and after implementation of these initiatives. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pch/pxy089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462124PMC

Incidence and mortality of thyroid cancer in China, 20082012.

Chin J Cancer Res 2019 Feb;31(1):144-151

National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

Objective: To analyze the incidence and mortality rates of thyroid cancer (TC) in China from 2008 to 2012.

Methods: Incident and death cases of TC were retrieved from the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR) database collecting from 135 cancer registries in China during 2008-2012. The crude incidence and mortality rates of TC were calculated by area (urban/rural), region (eastern, middle, western), gender and age group (0, 1-4, 5-9, …, 85+). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://article.cjcrcn.org/en/article/doi/10.21147/j.issn.100
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.21147/j.issn.1000-9604.2019.01.09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433579PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Cs-Based Variation of Soil Erosion in Vertical Zones of a Small Catchment in Southwestern China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 16;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China.

The study of the variability of soil erosion in mountainous areas provides the basis for soil and water conservation work and forest ecological construction in a targeted way. In this study, Liangshan Town catchment, a typical catchment in the Hengduan Mountains region, southwest China, was selected to investigate the variation of soil erosion in different vertical zones using the Cs tracing technique. The mean Cs reference inventories varied between 573. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/8/1371
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081371DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Status and Impact of Clinical Tumor Genome Sequencing.

Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Khalifa Bin Zayed Institute for Personalized Cancer Therapy and Sheikh Ahmed Center for Pancreatic Cancer Research, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA; email:

Since the discovery that DNA alterations initiate tumorigenesis, scientists and clinicians have been exploring ways to counter these changes with targeted therapeutics. The sequencing of tumor DNA was initially limited to highly actionable hot spots-areas of the genome that are frequently altered and have an approved matched therapy in a specific tumor type. Large-scale genome sequencing programs quickly developed technological improvements that enabled the deployment of whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing technologies at scale for pristine sample materials in research environments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-genom-083118-015034DOI Listing

Examining Australia's heaviest drinkers.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Victoria.

Objective: This study examined the distribution of alcohol consumption in Australia, identifying the heaviest drinking 10% of the population and examining their sociodemographic characteristics and their alcohol consumption and purchasing practices.

Methods: Data came from the 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey and the 2013 International Alcohol Control Study. The heaviest drinking 10% of the population identified based on estimates of annual alcohol consumption. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12901DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Association of Adenoma and Proximal Sessile Serrated Polyp Detection Rates With Endoscopist Characteristics.

JAMA Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Importance: Research demonstrates adenoma detection rate (ADR) and proximal sessile serrated polyp detection rate (pSSPDR) are associated with endoscopist characteristics including sex, specialty, and years in practice. However, many studies have not adjusted for other risk factors associated with colonic neoplasia.

Objective: To assess the association between endoscopist characteristics and polyp detection after adjusting the factors included in previous studies as well as other factors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://archsurg.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0564DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Establishing Consensus on the Best Practice Guidelines for Use of Halo Gravity Traction for Pediatric Spinal Deformity.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York.

Background: Although halo gravity traction (HGT) has been used to treat children with severe spinal deformity for decades, there is a distinct lack of high-quality evidence to speak to its merits or to dictate ideal manner of implementation. In addition, no guidelines exist to drive research or assist surgeons in their practice. The aim of this study was to establish best practice guidelines (BPG) using formal techniques of consensus building among a group of experienced pediatric spinal deformity surgeons to determine ideal indications and implementation of HGT for pediatric spinal deformity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001379DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Telehealth Intervention Programs for Seniors: An Observational Study of a Community-Embedded Health Monitoring Initiative.

Telemed J E Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Department of Telemedicine and Virtual Rehabilitation, Burke Medical Research Institute, White Plains, New York.

pp p Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2018.0248DOI Listing

[Effect of reducing N and regulated fertilization on N loss from wheat-maize rotation system of farmland in Chao soil region of North China Plain].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2019 Apr;30(4):1179-1187

Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ji'nan 250100, China.

The application of large amounts of nitrogen (N) fertilizer can result in soil N accumulation and consequently N loss. To address these problems in a wheat-maize rotation area of the North China Plain, a two-year field experiment (2016-2017) was conducted to examine the effects of three different N fertilizer strategies on crop yield, N uptake, N loss and soil inorganic N content. The treatments were: controlled-release fertilizer, microbial fertilizer, nitrification inhibitor and farmer's practice (control). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201904.019DOI Listing

The Investment Case for Malaria Elimination in Thailand: A Cost-Benefit Analysis.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

RTI International, Washington, District of Columbia.

After a dramatic decline in the annual malaria incidence in Thailand since 2000, the Thai government developed a National Malaria Elimination Strategy (NMES) to end local malaria transmission by 2024. This study examines the expected costs and benefits of funding the NMES (elimination scenario) versus not funding malaria elimination programming (resurgence scenario) from 2017 to 2036. Two case projection approaches were used to measure the number of malaria cases over the study period, combined with a set of Thailand-specific economic assumptions, to evaluate the cost of a malaria case and to quantify the cost-benefit ratio. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0897DOI Listing

Care quality for rheumatoid arthritis patients in Quebec.

Int J Rheum Dis 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Aim: The aims of this study were to: (a) measure the proportion of CARTaGENE rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients fulfilling pre-specified quality indicators (ie disease-modifying antirheumatic drug [DMARD] use, regular follow up, use of folate supplementation, use of vitamin D and calcium, exercise and smoking status); and (b) examine variation in DMARD use with respect to patient age, sex, education and income.

Methods: A cohort of RA patients was constructed based on the CARTaGENE survey and health administrative database. CARTaGENE is a large, established, population-based study which recruited 19 995 participants from four metropolitan regions in Quebec. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1756-185X.13
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.13580DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Regional variation and cost implications of prescribed extended half-life factor concentrates among U.S. Haemophilia Treatment Centres for patients with moderate and severe haemophilia.

Haemophilia 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee.

Background: Extended half-life (EHL) factor VIII (FVIII) and IX (FIX) products are intended to decrease the burden of prophylaxis for patients with haemophilia A or B. Whether these newer concentrates have led to meaningful clinical practice change remains vague.

Aim: To characterize the longitudinal use of standard (SHL) and EHL factor concentrates at haemophilia treatment centres (HTCs), using the ATHNdataset, a US database of 138 ATHN-affiliated HTCs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hae.13758DOI Listing

Intraoperative quantification of meningioma cell proliferation potential using rapid flow cytometry reveals intratumoral heterogeneity.

Cancer Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

Background: Standard sampling methods to evaluate the proliferative ability of meningioma have not been established.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative rapid flow cytometry (iFC) using raw samples for the quantitative assessment of proliferative ability in meningioma cells and to investigate intratumoral heterogeneity. Proliferation index (PI) was defined as the ratio of aneuploid cells with an abnormal number of chromosomes to the total cells. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.2178DOI Listing

All-cause pneumonia in children after the introduction of pneumococcal vaccines in the United Kingdom: A population-based study.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Paediatric Infectious Disease Research Group, St George's University of London, London, UK.

Purpose: To explore the impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) in preventing childhood pneumonia in the United Kingdom.

Methods: We carried out a population-based study to assess the trend of all-cause pneumonia in children aged under 10 years between 2002 and 2012. Data were obtained from the IMS Disease Analyser, a primary care database in the United Kingdom. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pds.4770DOI Listing

Incidence and excess mortality of hip fractures in a predominantly Caucasian population in the South of Brazil.

Arch Osteoporos 2019 Apr 16;14(1):47. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Endocrine Center of UFPR, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Introduction: Osteoporosis is a very common disease, and data on its epidemiology is important for health care strategy implementation. Brazil is a developing country; its population is aging, leading to an expected increase in hip fractures and their undesirable consequences.

Objective: Assess the incidence of osteoporotic hip fractures and subsequent mortality in Southern Brazil as part of a large epidemiological study aiming to reinforce the data for FRAX Brazil. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-019-0597-yDOI Listing

Repetition of Prediabetes Enhances the Risk of Developing Diabetes.

J Diabetes Res 2019 12;2019:4916546. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Chugoku Rosai Hospital Research Center for the Promotion of Health and Employment Support, Japan Organization of Occupational Health and Safety, 1-5-1, Hirotagaya, Kure City, Hiroshima 737-0193, Japan.

We attempted to clarify the severity of the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the individuals who repeatedly fulfill the criteria for prediabetes in both fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). The subjects were 2347 individuals who underwent annual health checkup at our hospital. They were classified as normal glucose tolerance or prediabetes as their yearly status of glucose tolerance for three years; furthermore, the individuals classified as prediabetes were subclassified into 3 groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jdr/2019/4916546/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4916546DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434284PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Aridity thresholds of soil microbial metabolic indices along a 3,200 km transect across arid and semi-arid regions in Northern China.

PeerJ 2019 9;7:e6712. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Erguna Forest-Steppe Ecotone Research Station, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.

Soil microbial processes are crucial for understanding the ecological functions of arid and semi-arid lands which occupy approximately 40% of the global terrestrial ecosystems. However, how soil microbial metabolic activities may change across a wide aridity gradient in drylands remains unclear. Here, we investigated three soil microbial metabolic indices (soil organic carbon (SOC)-based microbial respiration, metabolic quotient, and microbial biomass as a proportion of total SOC) and the degree of carbon limitation for microbial respiration along a 3,200 km transect with a wide aridity gradient. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://peerj.com/articles/6712
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6712DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461032PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Pulmonary Versus Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis Associated Factors: A Case-Case Study.

Microbiol Insights 2019 4;12:1178636119840362. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Microbiology Laboratory, General Hospital, Castellon, Spain.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) incidence remains low in health departments of Castellon and La Plana-Vila-real, but TB elimination is challenging. The objective of this study was to estimate associated factors of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) compared with extrapulmonary tuberculosis (ETB) and investigate epidemiological characteristics of these pathologies to orient control and prevention actions.

Materials And Methods: A prospective case-case study was implemented by comparing PTB and ETB incidences during 2013-2016 from notification reports, epidemiological surveillance, and microbiological results of hospitals' laboratories Hospital General Castellon and La Plana-Vila-Real in the province of Castellon of Valencia region in Spain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1178636119840362
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178636119840362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449815PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Sex-specific differences in spring and autumn migration in a northern large herbivore.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 16;9(1):6137. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1066 Blindern, NO-0316, Oslo, Norway.

Ongoing global warming is now affecting migratory cycles in a large variety of taxa in seasonally variable environments. Disruption of migratory systems can cause population decline and affect ecosystem function across the globe. It is therefore urgent to understand the drivers of migration and how the different fitness limitations of the sexes affect migration, but studies seldom considered the full annual cycle. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42639-3
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42639-3DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Modelling global river export of microplastics to the marine environment: Sources and future trends.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 8;673:392-401. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Science, Faculty of Management, Science & Technology, Open University, Heerlen, the Netherlands; Water Systems and Global Change Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands.

Microplastics, transported by rivers to oceans, are triggering environmental concern. This study aims to better understand river export of microplastics from land to sea. We developed the Global Riverine Export of Microplastics into Seas (GREMiS) model, a global, spatially explicit model for analysing the annual microplastics export to coastal seas. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193159
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.078DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Detecting spatio-temporal hotspots of scarlet fever in Taiwan with spatio-temporal Gi* statistic.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(4):e0215434. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Research Center for Humanities and Social Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

A resurgence of scarlet fever has caused many pediatric infections in East Asia and the United Kingdom. Although scarlet fever in Taiwan has not been a notifiable infectious disease since 2007, the comprehensive national health insurance data can still track its trend. Here, we used data from the open data portal of the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215434PLOS
April 2019
2 Reads

Ecology and epidemiology of rabies in humans, domestic animals and wildlife in Namibia, 2011-2017.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Apr 16;13(4):e0007355. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Directorate of Veterinary Services (DVS), Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia.

Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease that causes a heavy burden on societies. Namibia, a country in southern Africa, is aiming at controlling the disease in its main reservoir, the domestic dog. To facilitate the implementation comprehensive information on the ecology and epidemiology of the disease and surveillance is of utmost importance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007355DOI Listing

Using latent class analysis to identify treatment-use subgroups among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism Res 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Among parents of 2,582 children (ages 4-17 years old) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we used latent class analysis to identify subgroups and profiles of treatment users and included annual household income in the specification of the models, then described characteristics of each subgroup. Based on three indicators of fit (Akaike's Information Criterion, Bayesian Information Criterion, and Lo-Mendell-Rubin), six latent classes of treatment users emerged. Subgroups included users of: (a) mostly private and school speech and occupational therapies; (b) nearly all treatment types; (c) mostly speech and occupational therapies, plus intensive behavioral and "other" treatments, but little medication use; (d) private therapies almost exclusively; (e) primarily psychotropic medications; and (f) mostly school-based therapies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/aur.2107
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aur.2107DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A 30-year trend analysis in the epidemiology of inflammatory bowel disease in the Songpa-Kangdong District of Seoul, Korea in 1986-2015.

J Crohns Colitis 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background And Aims: Although the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing in Asia, data on long-term epidemiologic trends are limited. We performed a 30-year longitudinal study to investigate temporal trends in the epidemiology of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in Seoul, Korea.

Methods: This population-based study included 1431 IBD patients (418 CD, 1013 UC) diagnosed between 1986 and 2015 in the Songpa-Kangdong district of Seoul, Korea. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjz081DOI Listing

A Pharmacological Review on L.: Focusing on Anti-Inflammatory, Anti- Oxidant, Immuno-Modulatory and Antitumor Activities.

J Pharmacopuncture 2019 Mar 31;22(1):7-15. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Pharmacological Research Center of Medicinal Plants, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

. (PO) or Purslane is an annual grassy plant that is distributed in many parts of the world, especially the tropical and subtropical areas. PO has some pharmacological properties such as analgesic, antibacterial, skeletal muscle-relaxant, wound-healing, anti- inflammatory and a radical scavenger. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3831/KPI.2019.22.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6461301PMC

A clinical prediction model for hospitalized COPD exacerbations based on "treatable traits".

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2019 27;14:719-728. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Changi General Hospital, Singapore,

Background: Assessing risk of future exacerbations is an important component in COPD management. History of exacerbation is a strong and independent predictor of future exacerbations, and the criterion of ≥2 nonhospitalized or ≥1 hospitalized exacerbation is often used to identify high-risk patients in whom therapy should be intensified. However, other factors or "treatable traits" also contribute to risk of exacerbation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S194922DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443227PMC

Optimizing the conservation of migratory species over their full annual cycle.

Nat Commun 2019 Apr 15;10(1):1754. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Biology, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON, K1S 5B6, Canada.

Limited knowledge of the distribution, abundance, and habitat associations of migratory species hinders effective conservation actions. We use Neotropical migratory birds as a model group to compare approaches to prioritize land conservation needed to support ≥30% of the global abundances of 117 species. Specifically, we compare scenarios from spatial optimization models to achieve conservation targets by: 1) area requirements for conserving >30% abundance of each species for each week of the year independently vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-09723-8
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09723-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6465267PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Climate models can correctly simulate the continuum of global-average temperature variability.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Environmental System Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zürich, CH-8092 Zürich, Switzerland.

Climate records exhibit scaling behavior with large exponents, resulting in larger fluctuations at longer timescales. It is unclear whether climate models are capable of simulating these fluctuations, which draws into question their ability to simulate such variability in the coming decades and centuries. Using the latest simulations and data syntheses, we find agreement for spectra derived from observations and models on timescales ranging from interannual to multimillennial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1809959116DOI Listing

Rates of Total Joint Replacement in the United States: Future Projections to 2020-2040 Using the National Inpatient Sample.

J Rheumatol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

From the Medicine Service, Birmingham VA Medical Center; Department of Medicine at School of Medicine, and Division of Epidemiology at School of Public Health, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. This work is supported by research funds from the Division of Rheumatology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the resources and use of facilities at the Birmingham VA Medical Center. The funding body did not play any role in the study design or in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. JAS is a member of the American College of Rheumatology's (ACR) Annual Meeting Planning Committee; Chair of the ACR Meet-the-Professor, Workshop and Study Group Subcommittee; and a member of the Veterans Affairs Rheumatology Field Advisory Committee. JAS is the editor and Director of the UAB Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group Satellite Center on Network Metaanalysis. J.A. Singh, MBBS, MPH, Medicine Service, Birmingham VA Medical Center, and Department of Medicine at School of Medicine, and Division of Epidemiology at School of Public Health, University of Alabama; S. Yu, MS, Department of Medicine at School of Medicine, University of Alabama; L. Chen, PhD, Department of Medicine at School of Medicine, University of Alabama; J.D. Cleveland, MS, Department of Medicine at School of Medicine, University of Alabama. Address correspondence to J.A. Singh, University of Alabama, Faculty Office Tower 805B, 510 20th St. S, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA. E-mail: Accepted for publication November 13, 2018.

Objective: To project future total hip and knee joint arthroplasty (THA, TKA) use in the United States to 2040.

Methods: We used the 2000-2014 US National Inpatient Sample (NIS) combined with Census Bureau data to develop projections for primary THA and TKA from 2020 to 2040 using polynomial regression to account for the nonlinearity and interactions between the variables, assuming the underlying distribution of the number of THA/TKA to be Poisson distributed. We performed sensitivity analyses using a negative binomial regression to account for overdispersion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.170990DOI Listing

Comparison of Methods for Measuring Radiotherapy Utilisation.

Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Cancer Care and Epidemiology, Queen's Cancer Research Institute, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Aims: Evidence-based estimates of appropriate rates of radiotherapy utilisation are usually stated as the proportion of cancer patients who should receive radiotherapy at least once in their lifetime. However, the prolonged follow-up required to measure the lifetime radiotherapy rate limits its value in monitoring access to radiotherapy in routine practice. The objectives of this study were to evaluate shorter-term methods for measuring radiotherapy utilisation and to determine how well they predict the lifetime radiotherapy rate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09366555193014
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clon.2019.03.046DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

20th International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases in the Pacific Rim Organized by the United States-Japan Cooperative Medical Sciences Program (USJCMSP).

Vaccines (Basel) 2019 Apr 2;7(2). Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Microbiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA.

The 20th International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases in the Pacific Rim to3ok place in Shenzhen, China on January 8⁻9, 2018 followed by meetings of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)/immunology, acute respiratory infections, cancer, hepatitis, and viral diseases panels on January 10⁻11. The conference was organized as part of the United States-Japan Cooperative Medical Sciences Program (USJCMSP) by the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED) and the U.S. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/vaccines7020035DOI Listing

Assessing Change in Physician Practice Organization Profile in South Carolina: A Longitudinal Study.

J Rural Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Rural and Minority Health Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.

Background: Physician practice organization is shifting away from solo, independent practices toward direct employment, but trends for rural-urban differences are often analyzed by dichotomizing rurality. The purpose of this analysis was to examine trends in practice organization across 3 levels of rurality over a 21-year period in South Carolina.

Methods: Physician license renewal forms were used to ascertain type of practice organization where physicians worked in South Carolina between 1995 and 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jrh.12367DOI Listing

"More crop per drop": Exploring India's cereal water use since 2005.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Mar 25;673:207-217. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

India has the highest national freshwater demand globally and 91% of India's freshwater is used in the agriculture sector. Cereals account for over 50% of the dietary water footprint in India and represent a potential opportunity for reducing water use in Indian agriculture. This study combines governmental production and irrigation statistics with crop distribution maps to examine trends in annual water use for cereal production in India between 2005 and 2014. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.304DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Update in Hospital Medicine: Practical Lessons from Current Literature.

J Hosp Med 2019 Apr 8;14:E1-E5. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Background: Hospital medicine continues to grow in workforce, clinical scope, and academic inquiry. This article provides a summary of recent high-impact publications for busy clinicians who provide care to hospitalized adults.

Methods: Authors reviewed articles that were published between March 2017 and March 2018 for the Update in Hospital Medicine presentations at the 2018 Society of Hospital Medicine and Society of General Internal Medicine annual meetings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.journalofhospitalmedicine.com/jhospmed/article/1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.12788/jhm.3206DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read