1,168 results match your criteria Annual Review of Psychology [Journal]


Introduction.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan;70

Los Angeles, California.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ps-70-291018-100001DOI Listing
January 2019

Self-Control and Academic Achievement.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan;70:373-399

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA; email: ,

Self-control refers to the alignment of thoughts, feelings, and actions with enduringly valued goals in the face of momentarily more alluring alternatives. In this review, we examine the role of self-control in academic achievement. We begin by defining self-control and distinguishing it from related constructs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103230DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Psychology of Cultural Dynamics: What Is It, What Do We Know, and What Is Yet to Be Known?

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan;70:499-529

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia; email:

The psychology of cultural dynamics is the psychological investigation of the formation, maintenance, and transformation of culture over time. This article maps out the terrain, reviews the existing literature, and points out potential future directions of this research. It is divided into three parts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103112DOI Listing
January 2019

Reading Lies: Nonverbal Communication and Deception.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan;70:295-317

Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden; email:

The relationship between nonverbal communication and deception continues to attract much interest, but there are many misconceptions about it. In this review, we present a scientific view on this relationship. We describe theories explaining why liars would behave differently from truth tellers, followed by research on how liars actually behave and individuals' ability to detect lies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103135DOI Listing
January 2019

Face Processing in Infancy and Beyond: The Case of Social Categories.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan;70:165-189

Laboratoire de Psychologie et NeuroCognition, Université Grenoble Alpes, 38400 Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France.

Prior reviews of infant face processing have emphasized how infants respond to faces in general. This review highlights how infants come to respond differentially to social categories of faces based on differential experience, with a focus on race and gender. We examine six different behaviors: preference, recognition, scanning, category formation, association with emotion, and selective learning. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102753DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Revenge: A Multilevel Review and Synthesis.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan;70:319-345

Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA; email:

Why do people take revenge? This question can be difficult to answer. Vengeance seems interpersonally destructive and antithetical to many of the most basic human instincts. However, an emerging body of social scientific research has begun to illustrate a logic to revenge, demonstrating why revenge evolved in humans and when and how people take revenge. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103305DOI Listing
January 2019

Attachment in Adulthood: Recent Developments, Emerging Debates, and Future Directions.

Authors:
R Chris Fraley

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan;70:401-422

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA; email:

Some of the most emotionally powerful experiences result from the development, maintenance, and disruption of attachment relationships. In this article, I review several emerging themes and unresolved debates in the social-psychological study of adult attachment, including debates about the ways in which attachment-related functions shift over the course of development, what makes some people secure or insecure in their close relationships, consensual nonmonogamy, the evolutionary function of insecure attachment, and models of thriving through relationships. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102813DOI Listing
January 2019

Interview with Shelley E. Taylor.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 3;70:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Psychology and Woodrow Wilson School of Public Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA; email:

Shelley Taylor's autobiographical interview (conducted by Annual Review of Psychology Editor and long-time collaborator Susan Fiske) touches on some of her favorite ideas. For example, positive illusions: "The traditional textbook definition of mental health included the stipulation that people see the world accurately, and what we were suggesting is that actually, a lot of times, people don't see the world accurately. They see it with a positive spin on it. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0418
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-041818-040645DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Personality and Coping: Individual Differences in Responses to Emotion.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 28;70:651-671. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA; email: ,

Abundant evidence links personality with emotion via coping. Alternatively, personality can be viewed as an emergent property of responses to the experience of emotion. Dispositions to control, approach, escape, and avoid one's emotional experience underlie diverse traits, including positive and negative urgency, trait emotional approach and avoidance, alexithymia, and emotional expressiveness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102917DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Positive Affect and Health: What Do We Know and Where Next Should We Go?

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 27;70:627-650. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.

Positive affect (PA) is associated with better health across a wide range of physical health outcomes. This review reflects on why the study of PA is an essential component of our understanding of physical health and expands on pathways that connect these two variables. To encourage forward movement in this burgeoning research area, measurement and design issues in the study of PA and health are discussed, as are the connections between PA and a range of different health outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102955DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

An Integrated Model of Action Selection: Distinct Modes of Cortical Control of Striatal Decision Making.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 27;70:53-76. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA; email: ,

Making decisions in environments with few choice options is easy. We select the action that results in the most valued outcome. Making decisions in more complex environments, where the same action can produce different outcomes in different conditions, is much harder. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102824DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Nonverbal Communication.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 26;70:271-294. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Psychology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA; email:

The field of nonverbal communication (NVC) has a long history involving many cue modalities, including face, voice, body, touch, and interpersonal space; different levels of analysis, including normative, group, and individual differences; and many substantive themes that cross from psychology into other disciplines. In this review, we focus on NVC as it pertains to individuals and social interaction. We concentrate specifically on ( a) the meanings and correlates of cues that are enacted (sent) by encoders and ( b) the perception of nonverbal cues and the accuracy of such perception. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103145DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A New Era of HIV Risk: It's Not What You Know, It's Who You Know (and How Infectious).

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 26;70:673-701. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA; email:

HIV is transmitted in social and sexual relationships, and HIV transmission risks, as well as protective actions, are evolving as HIV epidemics unfold. The current focus of HIV prevention is centered on antiretroviral medications used to reduce HIV infectiousness in persons already infected with HIV [treatment as prevention (TasP)]. The same medications used to treat infected persons can also be used by uninfected persons as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the infectivity of HIV. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102927DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Motor Development: Embodied, Embedded, Enculturated, and Enabling.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 26;70:141-164. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA; email:

Motor development and psychological development are fundamentally related, but researchers typically consider them separately. In this review, we present four key features of infant motor development and show that motor skill acquisition both requires and reflects basic psychological functions. ( a) Motor development is embodied: Opportunities for action depend on the current status of the body. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320716PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Computer Games in Education.

Authors:
Richard E Mayer

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 19;70:531-549. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA; email:

Visionaries offer strong claims for the educational benefits of computer games, but there is a need to test those claims with rigorous scientific research and ground them in evidence-based theories of how people learn. Three genres of game research are ( a) value-added research, which compares the learning outcomes of groups that learn academic material from playing a base version of a game to the outcomes of those playing the same game with one feature added; ( b) cognitive consequences research, which compares improvements in cognitive skills of groups that play an off-the-shelf game to the skill improvements of those who engage in a control activity; and ( c) media comparison research, which compares the learning outcomes of groups that learn academic material in a game to the outcomes of those who learn with conventional media. Value-added research suggests five promising features to include in educational computer games: modality, personalization, pretraining, coaching, and self-explanation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102744DOI Listing
January 2019
19 Reads

Personality Across the Life Span.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 19;70:423-448. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA; email:

Trait stability and maturation are fundamental principles of contemporary personality psychology and have been shown to hold across many cultures. However, it has proven difficult to move beyond these general findings to a detailed account of trait development. There are pervasive and unexplained inconsistencies across studies that may be due to ( a) insufficient attention to measurement error, ( b) subtle but age-sensitive differences in alternative measures of the same trait, or ( c) different perspectives reflected in self-reports and observer ratings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103244DOI Listing
January 2019

The Caring Continuum: Evolved Hormonal and Proximal Mechanisms Explain Prosocial and Antisocial Extremes.

Authors:
Abigail A Marsh

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 19;70:347-371. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA; email:

Implicit in the long-standing disagreements about whether humans' fundamental nature is predominantly caring or callous is an assumption of uniformity. This article reviews evidence that instead supports inherent variation in caring motivation and behavior. The continuum between prosocial and antisocial extremes reflects variation in the structure and function of neurohormonal systems originally adapted to motivate parental care and since repurposed to support generalized forms of care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103010DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

A Mechanistic Framework for Explaining Audience Design in Language Production.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 19;70:29-51. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychology and Center for Research in Language, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA; email:

Audience design refers to the situation in which speakers fashion their utterances so as to cater to the needs of their addressees. In this article, a range of audience design effects are reviewed, organized by a novel cognitive framework for understanding audience design effects. Within this framework, feedforward (or one-shot) production is responsible for feedforward audience design effects, or effects based on already known properties of the addressee (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011653DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Mate Preferences and Their Behavioral Manifestations.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 19;70:77-110. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Centre for Culture and Evolution, Brunel University London, Middlesex UB8 3PH, United Kingdom; email:

Evolved mate preferences comprise a central causal process in Darwin's theory of sexual selection. Their powerful influences have been documented in all sexually reproducing species, including in sexual strategies in humans. This article reviews the science of human mate preferences and their myriad behavioral manifestations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103408DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Sexual Harassment in Academia: Ethical Climates and Bounded Ethicality.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 29;70:245-270. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

David Eccles School of Business, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA; email:

This article reviews research on sexual harassment, particularly that pertaining to academia, to understand its underlying causes. Arguing that sexual harassment is an ethical issue, we draw on the field of behavioral ethics to structure our review. We first review ethical climate antecedents at the individual, leader, organizational, and environmental levels and examine their effects on both the occurrence of and responses to sexually harassing behaviors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102945DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

The Neurocognitive Bases of Human Volition.

Authors:
Patrick Haggard

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 20;70:9-28. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AZ, United Kingdom; email:

Volition refers to a capacity for endogenous action, particularly goal-directed endogenous action, shared by humans and some other animals. It has long been controversial whether a specific set of cognitive processes for volition exist in the human brain, and much scientific thinking on the topic continues to revolve around traditional metaphysical debates about free will. At its origins, scientific psychology had a strong engagement with volition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103348DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Developmental Adaptation to Stress: An Evolutionary Perspective.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 20;70:111-139. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA.

The assumption that early stress leads to dysregulation and impairment is widespread in developmental science and informs prevailing models (e.g., toxic stress). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011732DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The Emotion Process: Event Appraisal and Component Differentiation.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 15;70:719-745. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Research Group of Quantitative Psychology and Individual Differences, Centre for Social and Cultural Psychology, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; email:

Much emotion research has focused on the end result of the emotion process, categorical emotions, as reported by the protagonist or diagnosed by the researcher, with the aim of differentiating these discrete states. In contrast, this review concentrates on the emotion process itself by examining how ( a) elicitation, or the appraisal of events, leads to ( b) differentiation, in particular, action tendencies accompanied by physiological responses and manifested in facial, vocal, and gestural expressions, before ( c) conscious representation or experience of these changes (feeling) and ( d) categorizing and labeling these changes according to the semantic profiles of emotion words. The review focuses on empirical, particularly experimental, studies from emotion research and neighboring domains that contribute to a better understanding of the unfolding emotion process and the underlying mechanisms, including the interactions among emotion components. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011854DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Psychobiological Mechanisms of Placebo and Nocebo Effects: Pathways to Improve Treatments and Reduce Side Effects.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 15;70:599-625. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Division of Clinical Psychology, University of Marburg, 35032 Marburg, Germany; email:

Placebo effects constitute a major part of treatment success in medical interventions. The nocebo effect also has a major impact, as it accounts for a significant proportion of the reported side effects for many treatments. Historically, clinical trials have aimed to reduce placebo effects; however, currently, there is interest in optimizing placebo effects to improve existing treatments and in examining ways to minimize nocebo effects to improve clinical outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102907DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Agency and Motivation in Adulthood and Old Age.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 15;70:191-217. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Department of Psychiatry and University Center for Social and Urban Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA; email:

This review addresses conceptual and empirical research about how individual agency and motivation influences development during adulthood and old age. The major life-span approaches to individual agency and developmental regulation are discussed, with a focus on the motivational theory of life-span development. Developmental agency unfolds through action cycles of pursuing long-term goals for optimal development. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103043DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Gifted Students.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 8;70:551-576. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

College of Education, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA.

Gifted students are individuals who are recognized for performance that is superior to that of their peers. Although giftedness is typically associated with schooling, gifted individuals exist across academic and nonacademic domains. In this review, we begin by acknowledging some of the larger debates in the field of gifted education and provide brief summaries of major conceptual frameworks applied to gifted education, dividing them into three categories: frameworks focused on ability, frameworks focused on talent development, and integrative frameworks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102846DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

How to Do a Systematic Review: A Best Practice Guide for Conducting and Reporting Narrative Reviews, Meta-Analyses, and Meta-Syntheses.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 8;70:747-770. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Statistics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA; email:

Systematic reviews are characterized by a methodical and replicable methodology and presentation. They involve a comprehensive search to locate all relevant published and unpublished work on a subject; a systematic integration of search results; and a critique of the extent, nature, and quality of evidence in relation to a particular research question. The best reviews synthesize studies to draw broad theoretical conclusions about what a literature means, linking theory to evidence and evidence to theory. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102803DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Projected Behavioral Impacts of Global Climate Change.

Authors:
Gary W Evans

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 5;70:449-474. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Department of Design and Environmental Analysis and Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA; email:

The projected behavioral impacts of global climate change emanate from environmental changes including temperature elevation, extreme weather events, and rising air pollution. Negative affect, interpersonal and intergroup conflict, and possibly psychological distress increase with rising temperature. Droughts, floods, and severe storms diminish quality of life, elevate stress, produce psychological distress, and may elevate interpersonal and intergroup conflict. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103023DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Meanings and Functions of Money in Different Cultural Milieus.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 27;70:475-497. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA; email:

We explore the psychological meanings of money that parallel its economic functions. We explore money's ability to ascribe value, give autonomy, and provide security for the future, and we show how each of these functions may play out differently in different cultural milieus. In particular, we explore the meanings and uses of money across ethnic groups and at different positions on the socioeconomic ladder, highlighting changes over the last 50 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103221DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Successful Memory Aging.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 27;70:219-243. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Integrative Medical Biology, Umeå University, S-90187 Umeå, Sweden.

For more than 50 years, psychologists, gerontologists, and, more recently, neuroscientists have considered the possibility of successful aging. How to define successful aging remains debated, but well-preserved age-sensitive cognitive functions, like episodic memory, is an often-suggested criterion. Evidence for successful memory aging comes from cross-sectional and longitudinal studies showing that some older individuals display high and stable levels of performance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103052DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Ten Surprising Facts About Stressful Life Events and Disease Risk.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 27;70:577-597. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, California 94118, USA; email:

After over 70 years of research on the association between stressful life events and health, it is generally accepted that we have a good understanding of the role of stressors in disease risk. In this review, we highlight that knowledge but also emphasize misunderstandings and weaknesses in this literature with the hope of triggering further theoretical and empirical development. We organize this review in a somewhat provocative manner, with each section focusing on an important issue in the literature where we feel that there has been some misunderstanding of the evidence and its implications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102857DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Stress and Obesity.

Authors:
A Janet Tomiyama

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 Jan 21;70:703-718. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA; email:

Many pathways connect stress and obesity, two highly prevalent problems facing society today. First, stress interferes with cognitive processes such as executive function and self-regulation. Second, stress can affect behavior by inducing overeating and consumption of foods that are high in calories, fat, or sugar; by decreasing physical activity; and by shortening sleep. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102936DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Psychology, Science, and Knowledge Construction: Broadening Perspectives from the Replication Crisis.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01;69:487-510

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37205; email:

Psychology advances knowledge by testing statistical hypotheses using empirical observations and data. The expectation is that most statistically significant findings can be replicated in new data and in new laboratories, but in practice many findings have replicated less often than expected, leading to claims of a replication crisis. We review recent methodological literature on questionable research practices, meta-analysis, and power analysis to explain the apparently high rates of failure to replicate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011845DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

Introduction.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01;69

Los Angeles, California.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ps-69-120617-100001DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

Psychology's Renaissance.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 25;69:511-534. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; email: ,

In 2010-2012, a few largely coincidental events led experimental psychologists to realize that their approach to collecting, analyzing, and reporting data made it too easy to publish false-positive findings. This sparked a period of methodological reflection that we review here and call Psychology's Renaissance. We begin by describing how psychologists' concerns with publication bias shifted from worrying about file-drawered studies to worrying about p-hacked analyses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011836DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

Developmental Origins of Chronic Physical Aggression: A Bio-Psycho-Social Model for the Next Generation of Preventive Interventions.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 16;69:383-407. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal QC H3T 1J4, Canada; email:

This review describes a bio-psycho-social approach to understanding and preventing the development of chronic physical aggression. The debate on the developmental origins of aggression has historically opposed genetic and environmental mechanisms. Recent studies have shown that the frequency of physical aggression peaks in early childhood and then decreases until old age. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010416-044030DOI Listing
January 2018
37 Reads

How We Hear: The Perception and Neural Coding of Sound.

Authors:
Andrew J Oxenham

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 16;69:27-50. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455; email:

Auditory perception is our main gateway to communication with others via speech and music, and it also plays an important role in alerting and orienting us to new events. This review provides an overview of selected topics pertaining to the perception and neural coding of sound, starting with the first stage of filtering in the cochlea and its profound impact on perception. The next topic, pitch, has been debated for millennia, but recent technical and theoretical developments continue to provide us with new insights. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5819010PMC
January 2018
8 Reads

The Psychology of Music: Rhythm and Movement.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 16;69:51-75. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Departments of Music and Cognitive Science, Carleton College, Northfield, Minnesota 55057; email:

The urge to move to music is universal among humans. Unlike visual art, which is manifest across space, music is manifest across time. When listeners get carried away by the music, either through movement (such as dancing) or through reverie (such as trance), it is usually the temporal qualities of the music-its pulse, tempo, and rhythmic patterns-that put them in this state. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011740DOI Listing
January 2018
25 Reads

Principles and Challenges of Applying Epigenetic Epidemiology to Psychology.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 16;69:459-485. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics, British Columbia Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia V6H 3N1, Canada; email: , ,

The interplay of genetically driven biological processes and environmental factors is a key driver of research questions spanning multiple areas of psychology. A nascent area of research focuses on the utility of epigenetic marks in capturing this intersection of genes and environment, as epigenetic mechanisms are both tightly linked to the genome and environmentally responsive. Advances over the past 10 years have allowed large-scale assessment of one epigenetic mark in particular, DNA methylation, in human populations, and the examination of DNA methylation is becoming increasingly common in psychological studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122414-033653DOI Listing
January 2018
13 Reads

Why Social Relationships Are Important for Physical Health: A Systems Approach to Understanding and Modifying Risk and Protection.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 16;69:437-458. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602; email:

Social relationships are adaptive and crucial for survival. This review presents existing evidence indicating that our social connections to others have powerful influences on health and longevity and that lacking social connection qualifies as a risk factor for premature mortality. A systems perspective is presented as a framework by which to move social connection into the realm of public health. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011902DOI Listing
January 2018
11 Reads

Persuasion, Influence, and Value: Perspectives from Communication and Social Neuroscience.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 27;69:329-356. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; email: ,

Opportunities to persuade and be persuaded are ubiquitous. What determines whether influence spreads and takes hold? This review provides an overview of evidence for the central role of subjective valuation in persuasion and social influence for both propagators and receivers of influence. We first review evidence that decisions to communicate information are determined by the subjective value a communicator expects to gain from sharing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011821DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

Gender Stereotypes.

Authors:
Naomi Ellemers

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 27;69:275-298. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Faculty of Social Sciences, Utrecht University, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands; email:

There are many differences between men and women. To some extent, these are captured in the stereotypical images of these groups. Stereotypes about the way men and women think and behave are widely shared, suggesting a kernel of truth. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011719DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

Social Mobilization.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 25;69:357-381. Epub 2017 Sep 25.

Anderson School of Management, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095; email: ,

This article reviews research from several behavioral disciplines to derive strategies for prompting people to perform behaviors that are individually costly and provide negligible individual or social benefits but are meaningful when performed by a large number of individuals. Whereas the term social influence encompasses all the ways in which people influence other people, social mobilization refers specifically to principles that can be used to influence a large number of individuals to participate in such activities. The motivational force of social mobilization is amplified by the fact that others benefit from the encouraged behaviors, and its overall impact is enhanced by the fact that people are embedded within social networks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122414-033718DOI Listing
January 2018
37 Reads

Improving Student Outcomes in Higher Education: The Science of Targeted Intervention.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 20;69:409-435. Epub 2017 Sep 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706; email: ,

Many theoretically based interventions have been developed over the past two decades to improve educational outcomes in higher education. Based in social-psychological and motivation theories, well-crafted interventions have proven remarkably effective because they target specific educational problems and the processes that underlie them. In this review, we evaluate the current state of the literature on targeted interventions in higher education with an eye to emerging theoretical and conceptual questions about intervention science. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211287PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

Ensemble Perception.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 11;69:105-129. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720; email:

To understand visual consciousness, we must understand how the brain represents ensembles of objects at many levels of perceptual analysis. Ensemble perception refers to the visual system's ability to extract summary statistical information from groups of similar objects-often in a brief glance. It defines foundational limits on cognition, memory, and behavior. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010416-044232DOI Listing
January 2018
33 Reads

Linking Language and Cognition in Infancy.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 6;69:231-250. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208; email: ,

Human language, a signature of our species, derives its power from its links to human cognition. For centuries, scholars have been captivated by this link between language and cognition. In this article, we shift this focus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011701DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

How Children Solve the Two Challenges of Cooperation.

Authors:
Felix Warneken

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 6;69:205-229. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109; email:

In this review, I propose a new framework for the psychological origins of human cooperation that harnesses evolutionary theories about the two major problems posed by cooperation: generating and distributing benefits. Children develop skills foundational for identifying and creating opportunities for cooperation with others early: Infants and toddlers already possess basic skills to help others and share resources. Yet mechanisms that solve the free-rider problem-critical for sustaining cooperation as a viable strategy-emerge later in development and are more sensitive to the influence of social norms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011813DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

The Properties and Antecedents of Hedonic Decline.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 30;69:1-25. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455.

We review the phenomenon of hedonic decline, whereby repeated exposure to a stimulus typically reduces the hedonic response (e.g., enjoyment). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011542DOI Listing
January 2018
11 Reads

Multistable Perception and the Role of the Frontoparietal Cortex in Perceptual Inference.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 11;69:77-103. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081BT Amsterdam, Netherlands.

A given pattern of optical stimulation can arise from countless possible real-world sources, creating a dilemma for vision: What in the world actually gives rise to the current pattern? This dilemma was pointed out centuries ago by the astronomer and mathematician Ibn Al-Haytham and was forcefully restated 150 years ago when von Helmholtz characterized perception as unconscious inference. To buttress his contention, von Helmholtz cited multistable perception: recurring changes in perception despite unchanging sensory input. Recent neuroscientific studies have exploited multistable perception to identify brain areas uniquely activated in association with these perceptual changes, but the specific roles of those activations remain controversial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010417-085944DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

Neuro-, Cardio-, and Immunoplasticity: Effects of Early Adversity.

Annu Rev Psychol 2018 01 28;69:131-156. Epub 2017 Aug 28.

Brain Development Lab, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, 97403; email: ,

The relationship between early adversity and outcomes across the lifespan is apparent in a striking range of measures. Evidence suggests that many of these outcomes can be traced to the impacts of early adversity on multiple and integrated biological systems mediated by the brain. In this review, we integrate empirical and theoretical advances in the understanding of relationships among the brain and the functions of the endocrine, autonomic, and immune systems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010416-044115DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads