144,714 results match your criteria Annual Review of Physiology [Journal]
Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1894:1-29
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.
As a consequence of their increase in annual production and widespread distribution in the environment, nanoparticles potentially pose a significant public health risk. The sought-after catalytic activity granted by their physiochemical properties doubles as a hazard to physiological processes following exposure through inhalation, oral, transdermal, subcutaneous, and intravenous uptake. Upon uptake into the body, their size, morphology, surface charge, coating, and chemical composition augment the response of biological systems to the materials and enhance their toxicity. Read More
Indian J Pediatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Neonatology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, 605006, India.
Objective: To study the incidence, clinical risk factors and outcome of thrombotic events in pediatric age group of 1 mo-12 y.
Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary care institute from September 2015 through October 2017. Forty nine children with thrombosis from 1 mo-12 y were enrolled. Read More
Mol Biol Rep 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Marine Bio-Materials & Aquaculture, Pukyong National University, Busan, 48513, South Korea.
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) expression plays a critical role in the endocrine regulation of proliferation, differentiation, and growth in shellfish as well as in fish. The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is a significant aquaculture species that comprises a large percentage of the Korean shellfish industry; moreover, its growth is economically important in aquaculture. However, when measuring the growth rate in shellfish, the soft tissue weight is difficult to determine because of the shell weight. Read More
Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Division of Home Visiting and Early Childhood Systems, HRSA, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD, 20857, USA.
Purpose Using a standardized approach and metrics to estimate home visiting costs across multiple evidence-based models and regions could improve the consistency and accuracy of cost estimates, allow stakeholders to observe trends in cost allocation, analyze how home visiting costs vary, and develop future program budgets. Between October 2015 and December 2018, we developed and pilot-tested the Home Visiting Budget Assistance Tool (HV-BAT) to standardize the collection of home visiting program costs and analyze costs for local implementing agencies (LIAs). Methods We recruited LIAs that implemented at least one of nine evidence-based home visiting models in 15 states implementing the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program. Read More
J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):522-528
East Coast Orthopedics, Pompano, FL, USA.
Background: Due to increased postoperative complications with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), there has been an increasing interest in the use of cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA). Advancements in prosthetic designs and techniques have improved patient reported outcome measurements and minimized revision rates. There is a paucity in the literature regarding recent trends in CDA utilization and revision rates. Read More
Health Serv Res Manag Epidemiol 2018 Jan-Dec;5:2333392818795795. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
AP-OSI Research Unit, Alto Deba Integrated Healthcare Organisation, Mondragón, Spain.
Introduction: An integrated health and social care program for patients with heart failure (HF) was implemented at the Friuli-Venezia Giulia deployment site as part of the SmartCare European project. The objective of this study was to validate 2 different decision modeling techniques used to perform the economic evaluation.
Methods: Data were collected during the SmartCare project which enrolled 108 patients with HF and followed for more than 6 months. Read More
Digit Health 2018 Jan-Dec;4:2055207618816898. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Objective: To study the characteristics of large-scale loyalty card data obtained in Finland, and to evaluate their potential and challenges in health research.
Methods: We contacted the holders of a certain loyalty card living in a specific region in Finland via email, and requested their electronic informed consent to obtain their basic background characteristics and grocery expenditure data from 2016 for health research purposes. Non-participation and the characteristics and expenditure of the participants were mainly analysed using summary statistics and figures. Read More
J Ecol 2019 Jan 14;107(1):240-252. Epub 2018 Jun 14.
Departamento de Biología y Geología, Física y Química Inorgánica, Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/ Tulipán s/n, 28933 Móstoles, Spain.
1. Biotic interactions are key determinants of plant community structure. Indirect interactions such as intransitivity ( in the absence of competitive hierarchies among species) have been hypothesized to benefit diversity within plant communities. Read More
Eye (Lond) 2018 Dec;32(12):1797-1799
In this issue, we acknowledge and thank the reviewers who have been active over the past year. We greatly appreciate their tireless and largely unseen work. It is thanks to them that the quality of papers continues to increase. Read More
Genet Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
Purpose: There is little long-term, population-based data on uptake of prenatal diagnosis for Huntington disease (HD), a late-onset autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder, and the effect of the availability of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) on families' decisions about conventional prenatal diagnosis is not known. We report trends in prenatal diagnosis and preimplantation diagnosis for HD in the United Kingdom since services commenced.
Methods: Long-term UK-wide prospective case record-based service evaluation in 23 UK Regional Genetic Centres 1988-2015, and four UK PGD centers 2002-2015. Read More
J Am Soc Nephrol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Division of Nephrology, Medizinische Klinik and Poliklinik IV, Klinikum der Universität München, Ludwig Maximilians University München, Munich, Germany
Background: In 2004, researchers reported that the number of nephrology clinical trials was low and that the reporting quality of such trials was suboptimal. Furthermore, the number or quality of preclinical kidney-related studies has not been systematically evaluated.
Methods: We performed a systematic review of randomized clinical trials published in 1966-2017 (listed in the Cochrane Library) and preclinical studies published in 1945-2017 (listed in PubMed). Read More
Thorax 2019 Jan;74(1):1-3
Host Defence Unit, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK.
The new British Thoracic Society (BTS) Guideline for Bronchiectasis in Adults has been published. This article provides a summary of key highlights of the new BTS Guideline and covers who to investigate, what investigations should be carried out and a management strategy. Read More
BMJ 2018 Dec 13;363:k4983. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
VA Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Objective: To investigate the credibility of claims that general practitioners lack time for shared decision making and preventive care.
Design: Monte Carlo microsimulation study.
Setting: Primary care, United States. Read More
Can J Diabetes 2018 Aug 16. Epub 2018 Aug 16.
Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:
Objectives: To describe insulin utilization and spending across Canada and investigate how interprovincial variations in long-acting insulin uptake impact provincial spending.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional time-series analysis of insulin products dispensed nationally from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015, using data from IQVIA (Durham, North Carolina, United States). Analysis was stratified according to insulin type, payer and province. Read More
Early Hum Dev 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Mater Dei Hospital, Malta. Electronic address:
Introduction: The requirement for medical services fluctuates. This study was carried out in order to attempt to extrapolate the service requirements for various cardiology services at Mater Dei Hospital, Malta over the coming five years, based on service demands from previous years.
Methods: Past annual data was obtained from hospital records for various services (to 2017). Read More
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.
Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10051, Taiwan; Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine and Hospital, Taipei, 10581, Taiwan; Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, Yunlin, 64057, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Background And Aim: Hyperuricemia (HUA) is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular risks in various populations. HUA is also able to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in mouse models. However, the dose-response effects of serum uric acid (SUA) on the prevalence of MetS and electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are unclear. Read More
J Prosthet Dent 2018 Dec;120(6):816-878
Private practice oral and maxillofacial surgery, Ansbach, Bavaria, Germany.
Problem: There are countless numbers of scientific studies published in countless scientific journals on subjects related to restorative dentistry.
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review pertinent scientific studies published in 2017 on topics of interest to restorative dentists.
Methods And Materials: The authors, considered to be experts in their disciplines searched the scientific literature in 7 different areas (prosthodontics, periodontics, dental materials, occlusion and temporomandibular disorders, sleep-disordered breathing, oral medicine and oral and maxillofacial surgery and dental caries). Read More
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 Dec 13;13(1):222. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Service de pneumologie, Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois, PMU BU44.07, Rue du Bugnon 44, 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Background: Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease of women characterized by multiple lung cysts leading to respiratory insufficiency and frequent pneumothorax (PT). Air travel (AT) could increase the risk of PT in LAM through rupture of subpleural cysts induced by atmospheric pressure changes in aircraft cabin. To determine whether AT increases the risk of PT in LAM, we performed a retrospective survey of members of European LAM patient associations. Read More
BMC Fam Pract 2018 Dec 13;19(1):195. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol, BS8 2PS, UK.
Background: HIV-infected patients often present to primary care several times with HIV-indicator conditions before diagnosis but the opportunity to test by healthcare professionals (HCPs) is frequently missed. Current HIV testing rates in primary care are low and educational interventions to facilitate HCPs to increase testing and awareness of HIV are needed.
Method: We implemented a pilot feasibility stepped-wedged randomised controlled trial of an educational intervention in high HIV prevalence practices in Bristol. Read More
Int J Environ Health Res 2018 Dec 13:1-22. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
g University College, London Institute of Global Health , London , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Tackling global inequalities in access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) remains an urgent issue - 58% of annual diarrhoeal deaths are caused by inadequate WASH provision. A global context of increasing urbanisation, changing demographics and health transitions demands an understanding and impact of WASH on a broad set of health outcomes. We examine the literature, in terms of health outcomes, considering WASH access and interventions in urban sub-Saharan Africa from 2000 to 2017. Read More
Viruses 2018 Dec 12;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, NY 14642, USA.
Influenza A viruses (IAV) can infect a broad range of animal hosts, including humans. In humans, IAV causes seasonal annual epidemics and occasional pandemics, representing a serious public health and economic problem, which is most effectively prevented through vaccination. The defense mechanisms that the host innate immune system provides restrict IAV replication and infection. Read More
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 8;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China.
Previous studies have shown that particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers (PM) is tightly associated with adverse effects on human health, i.e. Read More
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.
School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China.
Garbage collection is an important part of municipal engineering. An effective service network design can help to reduce the municipal operation cost and improve its service level. In this paper, we propose an optimization model for the network design of municipal solid waste (MSW) collection in the Nanjing Jiangbei new area. Read More
Children (Basel) 2018 Dec 10;5(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a malignant tumor that represents the most common form of pediatric soft tissue sarcoma. It arises from mesenchymal origin and forms part of the group of small round blue cell tumors of childhood. It has a constant annual incidence of 4. Read More
Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 10;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Tianjin Key Lab of Radiation Medicine Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin 300192, China.
Colorectal cancer is the most commonly reported gastrointestinal malignancy, with a recent, rapid increase of the annual incidence all over the world. Enhancing the radiosensitivity of cancer cells while preserving the health of normal cells is one of the most important tasks in clinical radiobiology. However, resistance to radiotherapy for colorectal cancer greatly decreases the therapeutic outcome. Read More
Insects 2018 Dec 10;9(4). Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Station de Recherche en Ecologie du Parc National de la Comoé, 27 BP 847 Abidjan 27, Ivory Coast.
Termites are one of the major components of tropical ecosystems. However, the ecological and biological variables determining the structure of their communities within natural habitats are less documented in general and especially in the Comoe National Park, a Sudano-Guinean savanna zone located in the north-eastern part of Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa). Using a standardized method of belt transects, the structure of termite's communities was estimated within habitats differing in the structure of their vegetation, soil characteristics, and the disturbance level caused by annual occurrences of bushfires. Read More
Animals (Basel) 2018 Dec 7;8(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.
AgResearch, Lincoln Research Centre, Lincoln 7674, New Zealand.
An important challenge facing the New Zealand (NZ) dairy industry is development of production systems that can maintain or increase production and profitability, while reducing impacts on receiving environments including water and air. Using research 'farmlets' in Waikato, Canterbury, and Otago (32⁻200 animals per herd), we assessed if system changes aimed at reducing nitrate leaching can also reduce total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (methane and nitrous oxide) and emissions intensity (kg GHG per unit of product) by comparing current and potential 'improved' dairy systems. Annual average GHG emissions for each system were estimated for three or four years using calculations based on the New Zealand Agricultural Inventory Methodology, but included key farmlet-specific emission factors determined from regional experiments. Read More
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 7;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.
School of Business, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.
This paper investigated the factors driving the changes in industrial wastewater emission intensity (IWEI) across provinces in China. To do this, we proposed a Super-efficiency Slacks-based Measure-Global Malmquist Index (SSBM-GMI) to decompose the change in IWEI into the effects from efficiency change (ECE), technological change (TCE), capital⁻wastewater substitution (KWE) and labor⁻wastewater substitution (LWE). The method was applied to conduct an empirical study using Chinese provincial data from 2003⁻2015. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13445
Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Irvine Medical Center, University of California, Orange, CA.
Background: In cervical cancer, the impact of hospital volume of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) has not been investigated systematically as in ovarian cancer.The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of hospital care volume of LRH on treatment outcomes of patients with cervical cancer.
Methods: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched with the terms "cervical cancer," "radical hysterectomy," and "laparoscopy. Read More
J Neurosurg 2018 Dec;129(6):1377-1383
The theme of the 2018 American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting was "The Privilege of Service." In the current climate of rapid change in healthcare delivery and increasing pressure on physicians, this theme was chosen to remind us of our true priorities and of the amazing opportunities that we have as neurosurgeons. In parallel to the classic triple-threat practitioner who excels in teaching, research, and clinical care, future neurosurgeons will need to acquire mastery in three areas of service, which have been summarized as the three A's: administration, advocacy, and altruism. Read More
Neurosurg Focus 2018 Dec;45(6):E13
OBJECTIVESince 2007, a continuous neurosurgery emergency service has been available in the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) field hospital in Mazar-e-Sharif (MeS), Afghanistan. The object of this study was to assess the number and range of surgical procedures performed on the spine in the period from 2007 to 2014.METHODSThis is a retrospective analysis of the annual neurosurgical caseload statistics from July 2007 to October 2014 (92 months). Read More
J Neurosurg 2018 Dec;129(Suppl1):10-16
OBJECTIVEThere is a strong clinical need to accurately determine the average annual hemorrhage risk in unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). This need motivated the present initiative to use data from a uniquely large patient population and design a novel methodology to achieve a risk determination with unprecedented accuracy. The authors also aimed to determine the impact of sex, pregnancy, AVM volume, and location on the risk for AVM rupture. Read More
J Med Entomol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ.
Asian longhorned or bush tick (Haemaphysalis longicornis Neumann) is a vector species of considerable medical and veterinary importance within its native range in East Asia, and in introduced areas of Australia and Oceania. Recently, this tick species was detected in several regions of the United States. This study aimed at modeling areas suitable for H. Read More
Am J Nephrol 2018 Dec 13;49(1):20-31. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland,
Background: Hemodialysis (HD) patients frequently experience pain. Previous studies of HD patients suggest increased opioid prescribing through 2010. It remains unclear if this trend continued after 2010 or declined with national trends. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 3;657:297-309. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Grassland Soil and Water Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Temple, TX, United States of America.
The Des Moines Lobe (DML) of north-central Iowa has been artificially drained by subsurface drains and surface ditches to provide some of the most productive agricultural land in the world. Herein we report on the use of end-member mixing analysis (EMMA) models and the numerical model Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to quantify the contribution of tile drainage to basin-scale water yields at various scales within the 2370 km Boone River watershed (BRW), a subbasin within the Des Moines River watershed. EMMA and SWAT methods suggested that tile drainage provided approximately 46 to 54% of annual discharge in the Boone River and during the March to June period, accounted for a majority of flow in the river. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 4;657:279-286. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
College of Agro-grassland Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; Department of Grassland Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.
Syntheses of large datasets have allowed increased clarity of distribution patterns and variation in soil major and trace elements. However, the drivers of variation in topsoil elements across biogeographical scales are not well understood. Our aim was to (1) identify how landscape-scale climate, geographical features, and edaphic factors influence soil elements, and (2) determine key environmental thresholds for shifts in soil element concentration. Read More
J Neuroimmunol 2018 Nov 28;328:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:
In neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD), the clinical and long-term prognostic value of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) is unclear. We analyzed registry data of NMO-IgG seropositive NMOSD patients (n = 74) according to ANA presence. The ANA-positive group (n = 32) demonstrated more frequent other autoantibodies (anti-SSA/Ro, anti-SSB/La, antiphospholipid, and anti-double stranded DNA antibodies) than did the ANA-negative group (n = 42). Read More
J Hepatol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering and Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438, China; Fudan University Taizhou Institute of Health Sciences, Taizhou, China; Human Phenome Institute, Fudan University, 825 Zhangheng Road, Shanghai 201203, China. Electronic address:
Background & Aims: Liver cancer is a common malignant neoplasm worldwide. The etiologies for liver cancer are diverse and the incidence trends of liver cancer caused by specific etiologies are rarely studied.
Methods: We collected detailed information on liver cancer etiology between 1990-2016, derived from the global burden of disease (GBD) in 2016. Read More
PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0209169. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Radiation Sciences, Diagnostic Radiology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden.
Introduction: 11C-acetate (ACE)-PET/CT is used for staging of high-risk prostate cancer. PET data is reconstructed with iterative algorithms, such as VUEPointHD ViP (VPHD) and VUEPoint HD Sharp IR (SharpIR), the latter with additional resolution recovery. It is expected that the resolution recovery algorithm should render more accurate maximum and mean standardized uptake values (SUVmax and SUVmean) and functional tumor volumes (FTV) than the ordinary OSEM. Read More
PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0199273. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Misclassification error is a common problem of cancer registries in developing countries that leads to biased cancer rates. The purpose of this research is to use Bayesian method for correcting misclassification in registered cancer incidence of eighteen provinces in Iran. Incidence data of patients with colorectal cancer were extracted from Iranian annual of national cancer registration reports from 2005 to 2008. Read More
N Z Med J 2018 Dec 14;131(1487):30-37. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington.
Aim: To estimate the numbers of people required to quit smoking in New Zealand to achieve the Smokefree 2025 goal and to compare these with current levels of quitting.
Methods: We used the established BODE3 tobacco forecasting model to project smoking prevalence separately for Māori and non-Māori to 2025 under a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario. We then determined by what factor current annual cessation rates would have to increase to achieve an adult smoking prevalence of under 5% by the year 2025, while annual smoking uptake rates continued to follow BAU patterns. Read More
J Pediatr Orthop B 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Rehabilitation Hospital for Children.
We developed a novel device, dynamic spinal brace (DSB), with the basic concept of automatic correction by maximizing posture control. Herein, we report the structure of the DSB and preliminary treatment outcomes for scoliosis in patients with cerebral palsy. The study cohort comprised 219 patients with cerebral palsy treated for scoliosis with Cobb angle of at least 20° and follow-up of more than 3 years under the DSB. Read More
JAMA Oncol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Institute for Technology Assessment, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.
Importance: In early 2018, durvalumab became the first immunotherapy to be approved for adjuvant treatment of patients with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose cancer has not progressed after definitive chemoradiotherapy. However, the cost-effectiveness and potential economic implications of using this high-priced therapy in this indication are unknown to date.
Objective: To explore the cost-effectiveness and potential budgetary consequences of durvalumab consolidation therapy vs no consolidation therapy after chemoradiotherapy in stage III NSCLC in the context of the US health care system. Read More
Health Technol Assess 2018 Dec;22(72):1-220
Regional Vascular Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK.
Background: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is less invasive than open surgery, but may be associated with important complications. Patients receiving EVAR require long-term surveillance to detect abnormalities and direct treatments. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) has been the most common imaging modality adopted for EVAR surveillance, but it is associated with repeated radiation exposure and the risk of contrast-related nephropathy. Read More
Curr Alzheimer Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Saul B. Korey Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461 . United States.
Background: Chronic pain is common among older adults and is associated with cognitive dysfunction based on cross-sectional studies. However, the longitudinal association between chronic pain and incident dementia in community-based samples is unknown.
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the associations of pain intensity and pain interference with incident dementia in a community-based sample of older adults. Read More
Ir J Med Sci 2018 Oct;187(Suppl 10):313-324
Oncol Rep 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
Department of Integrative Medicine Surgery, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning 116011, P.R. China.
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an aseptic inflammation characterized with an annual incidence rate, and ~20% patients progressing to severe AP (SAP) with a high mortality rate. Although Qingyi decoction has been frequently used for SAP treatment over the past 3 decades in clinic, the actual mechanism of its protective effects remains unknown. As the major active ingredient of Qingyi decoction, emodin was selected in the present study to investigate the effect of emodin against severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in rats through NOD‑like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes. Read More
Infect Dis Health 2018 Oct 19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
NatCen Social Research, 35 Northampton Square, London, EC1V 0AX, UK.
Background: Uptake of influenza vaccination by healthcare workers (HCWs) may be related to how influenza campaigns are implemented. This study explores differences in annual influenza campaign implementation between NHS trusts (healthcare organisations) with higher and lower vaccine uptake.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey with influenza campaign staff in 2016/2017 in 87 NHS trusts in England. Read More
Respir Res 2018 Dec 12;19(1):249. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Division of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, Dundee, DD1 9SY, UK.
Background: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) severity stage classifies Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) into groups based on symptoms, exacerbations and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV). This allows patients to change to less severe COPD stages, a novel aspect of assessment not previously evaluated. We aimed to investigate the association between temporal changes in GOLD severity stage and outcomes in COPD patients. Read More