144,521 results match your criteria Annual Review of Immunology[Journal]


Temporal fluctuations in young-of-the-year yellow perch mercury bioaccumulation in lakes of northeastern Minnesota.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 22;656:475-481. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

USDA Forest Service, Superior National Forest, 8901 Grand Ave Place, Duluth, MN 55808, USA. Electronic address:

Identifying what determines fish mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation remains a key scientific challenge. While there has been substantial research on spatial variation in fish Hg bioaccumulation, the factors that influence temporal fluctuations in fish Hg have received less attention to date. In this study, we built upon a growing body of research investigating young-of-the-year (YOY) yellow perch Hg bioaccumulation and investigated annual fluctuations in YOY yellow perch Hg in six lakes in northeastern Minnesota over eight years. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Quantifying streamflow response to climate variability, wastewater inflow, and sprawling urbanization in a heavily modified river basin.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 23;656:458-467. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Hydrology, Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, University of Warsaw, Krakowskie Przedmieście 30, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Considering the growing recognition that human activity and climate variability are critical stressors influencing river regimes, there is an urgent need to identify the contribution of these fundamental factors. Here we examine the runoff changes of a wastewater-effluent dominated river flowing in a heavily modified urban environment. The study concerns the Utrata River basin (727 km), central Poland, a challenging human-natural system for investigating changes in hydrological processes. Read More

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November 2018

Economic cost of malaria at household in high and low transmission areas of central India.

Authors:
Mrigendra Singh

Acta Trop 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research Field Unit Jablpur, Epidemiology, ICMR-NIRTH Campus, Nagpur Road, 482003, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

The cost burden of malaria at the household level, resulting from complex social, economic, and epidemiological factors, is enormous. This study was carried out to estimate the economic burden of malaria at the household level in low and high malaria transmission areas of central India. We conducted surveys with households in which at least one member had suffered from malaria in the three months preceding the survey. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Cost of medical attention in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):371-378. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud. Querétaro, Querétaro, México

Background: The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a preventable entity, when it develops the patient suffers severe complications, with a high economic impact for the patient and for health services.

Objetive: To determine the cost of medical care in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Methods: Using a cost design, the files of patients with COPD who attended the pulmonology clinic were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018

Rapid and substantial increases in anticoagulant use and expenditure in Australia following the introduction of new types of oral anticoagulants.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208824. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Objectives: To quantify changes in anticoagulant use in Australia since the introduction of Non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants (NOACs) and to estimate government expenditure.

Design: Interrupted-time-series analysis quantifying anticoagulant dispensing, before and after first Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) NOAC listing in August 2009 for venous thromboembolism prevention; and expanded listing for stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in August 2013, up to June 2016. Estimated government expenditure on PBS-listed anticoagulants. Read More

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December 2018

Agentic appeals increase charitable giving in an affluent sample of donors.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208392. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Recent research suggests that affluent individuals adopt agentic self-concepts, striving to stand out from others and to master the environment on their own. The present study provides a road test of this idea, showing that this theorizing can be utilized to increase charitable giving among the affluent, when individuals do not realize that their behavior is being studied. In a naturalistic field experiment conducted as part of an annual fundraising campaign (N = 12,316), we randomly assigned individuals from an affluent sample to view messages focused on agency (vs. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of crop residues on interception and activity of prosulfocarb, pyroxasulfone, and trifluralin.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208274. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Agriculture and Environment, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.

Crop residue retention on the soil surface in no-tillage system can intercept pre-emergent herbicides and reduce their efficacy. Three experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of crop residue amount (0, 1, 2 and 4 t ha-1), moisture (wet versus dry), type (wheat, barley, canola, chickpea and lupin) and age (fresh or aged for one year) on the interception and subsequent leaching of prosulfocarb, pyroxasulfone, and trifluralin from the residue into soil. Bioassays, using cucumber and annual ryegrass as indicator plants, were used to assess herbicide activity/availability in the soil and on the residue. Read More

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December 2018

Molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 infection among men who have sex with men in Taiwan from 2013 to 2015.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0202622. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Infectious Disease and Cancer Research, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Men who have sex with men (MSM) is the major risk population of HIV-1 infection in Taiwan, and its surveillance has become critical in HIV-1 prevention. We recruited MSM subjects from 17 high-risk venues and 4 community centers in northern and southern Taiwan for anonymous HIV-1 screening during 2013-2015. Blood samples were obtained for genotyping and phylogenetic analysis, and a questionnaire survey covering demographic variables and social behavior was conducted. Read More

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December 2018
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A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of a tailored intervention to improve the initial management of suspected encephalitis.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0202257. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Infection, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Objective: To determine whether a tailored multifaceted implementation strategy improves the initial management of patients with suspected encephalitis.

Design: Pragmatic two arm cluster randomised controlled trial.

Setting: Hospitals within the United Kingdom. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

The MJA-Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: Australian policy inaction threatens lives.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):474

School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.

Climate plays an important role in human health and it is well established that climate change can have very significant impacts in this regard. In partnership with The Lancet and the MJA, we present the inaugural Australian Countdown assessment of progress on climate change and health. This comprehensive assessment examines 41 indicators across five broad sections: climate change impacts, exposures and vulnerability; adaptation, planning and resilience for health; mitigation actions and health co-benefits; economics and finance; and public and political engagement. Read More

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December 2018
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The need for complete population-based studies on the etiology of liver disease.

Authors:
Paulo S Pinheiro

Hepatology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Miami School of Medicine, Public Health Sciences, 1120 14th NW St., Don Soffer Clinical Research Building, Miami, Florida, United States.

I read Kim et al.'s "Changing Trends in Etiology- and Ethnicity-Based Annual Mortality Rates of Cirrhosis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma in the US" with great interest. Patterns for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are complex, with disparities likely rooted in etiological differences. Read More

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December 2018

The inner ear proteome of fish.

FEBS J 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, The University of Melbourne, Parkville Campus, Victoria, Australia, 3010.

The mechanisms that underpin the formation, growth and composition of otoliths, the biomineralized stones in the inner ear of fish, are largely unknown, as only a few fish inner ear proteins have been reported. Using a partial transcriptome for the inner ear of black bream (Acanthopagrus butcheri), in conjunction with proteomic data, we discovered hundreds of previously unknown proteins in the otolith. This allowed us to develop hypotheses to explain the mechanisms of inorganic material supply and daily formation of growth bands. Read More

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December 2018

Energetic investment associated with vitellogenesis induces an oxidative cost of reproduction.

J Anim Ecol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA.

1.Oxidative stress is a potential cost of reproduction, but conclusive evidence for this relationship is lacking. The goal of this study was to serially assess across a seasonal gradient the relationship between reproduction, circulating plasma energy metabolites, and oxidative state. Read More

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December 2018

Out-of-pocket Costs for Individuals with Atopic Eczema: A Cross-sectional Study in Nine European Countries.

Acta Derm Venereol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Technical University Munich, Biedersteinerstrasse 29, DE-80802 Munich, Germany.

Atopic eczema (AE) is one of the most common non-communicable inflammatory skin diseases, and has a huge socioeconomic impact. Studies on the everyday economic impact of AE on patients, however, are limited. To estimate the annual extra out-of-pocket spending due to AE among patients in Europe, a cross-sectional study using computer-assisted phone interviewing of patients with AE was performed in 9 European countries. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Spatial analysis of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in Eurasia - Predicting areas at risk for further spread within the region.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Budapest, Hungary.

Data from affected lumpy skin disease (LSD) locations between July 2012 and September 2018 in the Balkans, Caucasus and Middle East were retrieved from FAO's Global Animal Disease Information System (EMPRES-i) from the European Commission's Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS) and completed with data from the official veterinary services of some countries. During this period, a total of 7,593 locations from twenty-two countries were affected. Within this period, over 46,000 cattle were clinically affected by LSD, 3,700 animals died and 17,500 were slaughtered due to culling policies to stop the spread of the disease. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Abstracts for ESCCA 2018 Conference: At the Shore of Future Cytometry September 13-15, 2018, Valencia, Spain.

Authors:

Cytometry B Clin Cytom 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

We are pleased to present abstracts from ESCCA 2018: At the Shore of Future Cytometry. This year, the European Society for Clinical Cell Analysis (ESCCA) organised its annual Conference over 3 days in Valencia, Spain. Four workshops for a limited number of participants - dedicated to Cytometry Analysis Tools, Cytometry of Microparticles, Cytometry in Veterinary and Animal Sciences and CLL MRD - as well as ESCCA certification exams took place before the Conference. Read More

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December 2018

Frequent blood donation and offspring birth weight-a next-generation association?

Transfusion 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Clinical Immunology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: The prevalence of iron depletion is high among premenopausal women who donate blood frequently. Studies in nondonor populations indicate that iron deficiency anemia is associated with an increased risk of low birth weight. This prompts concerns that iron deficiency induced by frequent blood donation might impair subsequent fetal development. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

What Is the Good of It-Ethical Controls of Human Subject Health Research? : Curtin University Annual Ethics Lecture.

Authors:
Robert French

J Bioeth Inq 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Chancellery, M460A, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Perth, WA, 6009, Australia.

The term "ethics" covers a multitude of virtues and possibly some sins where ethical perspectives differ. Given the diversity of ethical philosophies there is a question about what common ground can, or should, inform health research ethics. At a minimum it must be consistent with the law. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence and endovascular treatment of severe spontaneous non-cerebral bleeding: a single-institution experience.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

2nd Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology, Attikon University Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Objectives: To investigate the incidence and endovascular treatment of severe spontaneous non-cerebral hemorrhage (SSNCH) in a high-volume, tertiary university hospital.

Methods: All patients diagnosed with SSNCH between January 2016 and June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Endovascular treatment (group EVT) was offered only in patients demonstrating active bleeding at CT angiography (CTA). Read More

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December 2018
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Late-onset administration of GDF11 extends life span and delays development of age-related markers in the annual fish Nothobranchius guentheri.

Biogerontology 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Evolution & Marine Biodiversity and Department of Marine Biology, Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao, 266003, China.

Current studies have generated disputes on the age-related change in the concentration of growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) and its role in the genesis of rejuvenation conditions. In this study we showed for the first time that both GDF11 gene expression and its protein abundance decreased with age in the fish Nothobranchius guentheri. We also showed that rGDF11 fed was indeed absorbed by the fish. Read More

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December 2018

Cost-effectiveness of continuity of midwifery care for women with complex pregnancy: a structured review of the literature.

Health Econ Rev 2018 Dec 5;8(1):32. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, 4222, Australia.

Background: Critical evaluation of the cost-effectiveness and clinical effectiveness of continuity of midwifery care models for women experiencing complex pregnancy is an important consideration in the review and reform of maternity services. Most studies either focus on women who experience healthy pregnancy or mixed risk samples. These results may not be generalised across the childbearing continuum to women with risk factors. Read More

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December 2018

Habitat selection and prediction of the spatial distribution of the Chinese horseshoe bat (R. sinicus) in the Wuling Mountains.

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Dec 5;191(1). Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, 221116, Jiangsu, China.

Habitat selection by the Chinese horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus sinicus) in the Wuling Mountains was studied in this paper. Global positioning system (GPS), remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) technologies were used to obtain ground survey data and analyse the habitat factors driving the distribution of R. sinicus. Read More

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December 2018

Initiating patient discussions about oocyte cryopreservation: Attitudes of obstetrics and gynaecology resident physicians.

Reprod Biomed Soc Online 2018 Aug 7;6:72-79. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Yale University, Fertility Center, New Haven, CT, USA.

This study examined the attitudes of obstetrics and gynaecology (OB/GYN) resident physicians to initiating patient discussions regarding medical and elective oocyte cryopreservation (OC). The study used a cross-sectional online survey of OB/GYN medical residents in the USA, sampled from residency programmes approved by the American Council for Graduate Medical Education. In total, 208 medical residents, distributed evenly between postgraduate years 1-4, participated in the study. Read More

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Nitrogen input by bamboos in neotropical forest: a new perspective.

PeerJ 2018 29;6:e6024. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Plant Biology Department, State University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Nitrogen (N) is an important macronutrient that controls the productivity of ecosystems and biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) is a major source of N in terrestrial systems, particularly tropical forests. Bamboo dominates theses forests, but our knowledge regarding the role of bamboo in ecosystem functioning remains in its infancy. We investigated the importance of a native bamboo species to the N cycle of a Neotropical forest. Read More

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November 2018

Embryonal life histories: Desiccation plasticity and diapause in the Argentinean pearlfish .

Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 30;8(22):11246-11260. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis Leiden The Netherlands.

Embryos of annual killifish diapause in soil egg banks while ponds are dry. Their rates of development and survival in different developmental stages determine the numbers and stages of embryos at rewetting. In the Argentinean pearlfish , we investigated plasticity for desiccation in such embryonal life history components across phases of mild desiccation and rewetting and also effects of life history on hatching. Read More

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November 2018

A mechanistic assessment of the relationship between gut morphology and endozoochorous seed dispersal by waterfowl.

Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 30;8(22):10857-10867. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Ecology and Biodiversity Group, Institute of Environmental Biology Utrecht University Utrecht The Netherlands.

Many plants and invertebrates rely on internal transport by animals for long-distance dispersal. Their dispersal capacity is greatly influenced by interactions with the animal's digestive tract. Omnivorous birds adjust their digestive tract morphology to seasonally variable diets. Read More

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November 2018
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A Cross-Lagged Study of Developmental Trajectories of Video Game Engagement, Addiction, and Mental Health.

Front Psychol 2018 21;9:2239. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Psychosocial Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Video game addiction has been associated with an array of mental health variables. There is a paucity of longitudinal studies investigating such associations, and studies differentiating addicted gaming from problem and engaged (i.e. Read More

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November 2018

Analysis of drug utilization and health care resource consumption in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis before and after treatment with biological therapies.

Biologics 2018 12;12:151-158. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Medicine, Section of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Objectives: To describe the therapeutic pathways of patients with psoriasis (PSO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) before and after treatment with biological therapies in a real-world setting and to determine the relative consumption of health care resources.

Design: Retrospective observational study.

Setting: Real-life clinical setting in 5 Italian local health units. Read More

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November 2018

ACNP 57 Annual Meeting: Poster Session I.

Authors:

Neuropsychopharmacology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sponsorship Statement: Publication of this supplement is sponsored by the ACNP.Individual contributor disclosures may be found within the abstracts. Asterisks in the author lists indicate presenter of the abstract at the annual meeting. Read More

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December 2018

ACNP 57 Annual Meeting: Poster Session III.

Authors:

Neuropsychopharmacology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sponsorship Statement: Publication of this supplement is sponsored by the ACNP.Individual contributor disclosures may be found within the abstracts. Asterisks in the author lists indicate presenter of the abstract at the annual meeting. Read More

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December 2018

ACNP 57 Annual Meeting: Poster Session II.

Authors:

Neuropsychopharmacology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sponsorship Statement: Publication of this supplement is sponsored by the ACNP.Individual contributor disclosures may be found within the abstracts. Asterisks in the author lists indicate presenter of the abstract at the annual meeting. Read More

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December 2018

ACNP 57 Annual Meeting: Panels, Mini-Panels and Study Groups.

Authors:

Neuropsychopharmacology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Sponsorship Statement: Publication of this supplement is sponsored by the ACNP.Individual contributor disclosures may be found within the abstracts.Asterisks in the author lists indicate presenter of the abstract at the annual meeting. Read More

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December 2018

ACNP 57th Annual Meeting: Author Index.

Authors:

Neuropsychopharmacology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018

ACNP 57th Annual Meeting: Keyword Index.

Authors:

Neuropsychopharmacology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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December 2018

An experiment to search for dark-matter interactions using sodium iodide detectors.

Authors:

Nature 2018 12 5;564(7734):83-86. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Observations of galaxies and primordial radiation suggest that the Universe is made mostly of non-luminous dark matter. Several new types of fundamental particle have been proposed as candidates for dark matter, such as weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). These particles would be expected to interact with nuclei in suitable detector materials on Earth, for example, causing them to recoil. Read More

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December 2018

Metabolomic assessment of exposure to near-highway ultrafine particles.

J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA.

Exposure to traffic-related air pollutants has been associated with increased risk of adverse cardiopulmonary outcomes and mortality; however, the biochemical pathways linking exposure to disease are not known. To delineate biological response mechanisms associated with exposure to near-highway ultrafine particles (UFP), we used untargeted high-resolution metabolomics to profile plasma from 59 participants enrolled in the Community Assessment of Freeway Exposure and Health (CAFEH) study. Metabolic variations associated with UFP exposure were assessed using a cross-sectional study design based upon low (mean 16,000 particles/cm) and high (mean 24,000 particles/cm) annual average UFP exposures. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Annual Congress Report From Munich 2018.

Circ J 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Wakayama Medical University.

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December 2018

Chair ICO/UVIC-UCC of palliative care at the University of Vic - Central University of Catalonia: an innovative multidisciplinary model of education, research and knowledge transfer.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Catalan Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: Generation and dissemination of knowledge is a relevant challenge of palliative care (PC). The Chair Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO)/University of Vic (UVIC) of Palliative Care (CPC) was founded in 2012, as a joint project of the ICO and the University of Vic/Central of Catalonia to promote the development of PC with public health and community-oriented vision and academic perspectives. The initiative brought together professionals from a wide range of disciplines (PC, geriatrics, oncology, primary care and policy) and became the first chair of PC in Spain. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Low-dose computed tomography for lung cancer screening in high-risk populations: a systematic review and economic evaluation.

Health Technol Assess 2018 Nov;22(69):1-276

Peninsula Technology Assessment Group (PenTAG), University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK.

Background: Diagnosis of lung cancer frequently occurs in its later stages. Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) could detect lung cancer early.

Objectives: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of LDCT lung cancer screening in high-risk populations. Read More

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November 2018

Socio-economic and age variations in response to supermarket-led checkout food policies: a repeated measures analysis.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2018 Dec 5;15(1):125. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

MRC Epidemiology Unit & Centre for Diet and Activity Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Dietary inequalities between population groups are common with older and more affluent individuals tending to have healthier diets. Differential responses to health interventions may exacerbate inequalities. Changing what foods are displayed at supermarket checkouts is one intervention that has the potential to change diets. Read More

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December 2018
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Diversity of Salmonella serotypes from humans, food, domestic animals and wildlife in New South Wales, Australia.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 5;18(1):623. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Salmonella is an important human pathogen in Australia and annual case rates continue to increase. In addition to foodborne exposures, cases have been associated with animal and contaminated environment contact. However, routine surveillance in Australia has tended to focus on humans and food, with no reported attempts to collate and compare Salmonella data from a wider range of potential sources of exposure. Read More

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December 2018

Epidemiological features and spatial clusters of hand, foot, and mouth disease in Qinghai Province, China, 2009-2015.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 5;18(1):624. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute for Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Qinghai Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Xining, Qinghai, China.

Background: Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is most frequently caused by Enterovirus71 (EV-A71) or Coxsackie virus A16 (CV-A16), infants and young children are at greatest risk. Describing the epidemiology of HFMD can help develop and better target interventions, including the use of pediatric EV-A71 vaccination.

Methods: We obtained data from the national surveillance system for HFMD cases with onset dates from 2009 to 2015. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Molecular characterization of Mannheimia haemolytica isolates associated with pneumonic cases of sheep in selected areas of Central Ethiopia.

BMC Microbiol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):205. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

National Veterinary Institute, P.O. Box 19, Bishoftu, Ethiopia.

Background: Mannheimia haemolytica has been recognized as the principal cause of pneumonic pasteurellosis in sheep and goats. It is one of the important diseases of small ruminants in Ethiopia. While annual vaccination using a monovalent vaccine (inactivated Pasteurella multocida biotype A) is common, respiratory diseases are still reported in various parts of Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018

Rétinopathie diabétique.

Rev Prat 2016 Nov;67(9):1001-1008

Service d'ophtalmologie du Nouvel Hôpital civil, Hôpitaux universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

Diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a disease whose screening actually can change the functional prognosis for the patients. It makes blindness avoidable. Read More

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November 2016

German Heart Surgery Report 2017: The Annual Updated Registry of the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Clinic for Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Klinikum Braunschweig gGmbH, Braunschweig, Germany.

Based on a longtime voluntary registry, founded by the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (GSTCVS), well-defined data of all cardiac, thoracic, and vascular surgery procedures performed in 78 German heart surgery departments during the year 2017 are analyzed. In 2017, a total of 179,337 procedures were submitted to the registry, and 101,728 were summarized as heart surgery procedures in the narrower sense. About 16. Read More

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December 2018

Organophosphate flame retardants in leachates from six municipal landfills across China.

Chemosphere 2018 Nov 28;218:836-844. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control (SKLESPC), Beijing Key Laboratory for Emerging Organic Contaminants Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.

With the phasing out of brominated flame retardants, organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) have been widely used and further detected in multiple environmental media. However, municipal landfill leachates, an important source of contamination of OPFRs to aquatic environment, have not been fully understood, especially in a developing country like China. Thus, the occurrence, aqueous removal efficiency, environmental emission, and risk assessment of 10 OPFRs were investigated in leachates from six municipal landfills across China. Read More

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November 2018

Mechanisms of Cotranslational Maturation of Newly Synthesized Proteins.

Annu Rev Biochem 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Center for Molecular Biology of Heidelberg University (ZMBH) and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), DKFZ-ZMBH Alliance, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany; email: ,

The timely production of functional proteins is of critical importance for the biological activity of cells. To reach the functional state, newly synthesized polypeptides have to become enzymatically processed, folded, and assembled into oligomeric complexes and, for noncytosolic proteins, translocated across membranes. Key activities of these processes occur cotranslationally, assisted by a network of machineries that transiently engage nascent polypeptides at distinct phases of translation. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read