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    290 results match your criteria Annual Review of Clinical Psychology [Journal]

    1 OF 6

    Latent Growth and Dynamic Structural Equation Models.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May;14:55-89
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA; email:
    Latent growth models make up a class of methods to study within-person change-how it progresses, how it differs across individuals, what are its determinants, and what are its consequences. Latent growth methods have been applied in many domains to examine average and differential responses to interventions and treatments. In this review, we introduce the growth modeling approach to studying change by presenting different models of change and interpretations of their model parameters. Read More

    Social Security and Disability Due to Mental Impairment in Adults.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May;14:453-469
    Westat, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA; email: ,
    The Social Security Administration (SSA) oversees two disability programs, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Adults with mental impairments represent a very large component of the programs. Policy makers and SSA are concerned about the accuracy of disability determination and also about low levels of labor force participation among individuals with disabilities. Read More

    Behavioral Addictions as Mental Disorders: To Be or Not To Be?
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May;14:399-423
    Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut 16032-3944, USA; email: , ,
    Should excessive and problematic engagement in nonsubstance use behaviors be mental disorders? The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) repositioned gambling disorder in the substance use disorders section and introduced Internet gaming disorder in the research appendix; the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is also considering it. This article outlines pros and cons of considering behavioral addictions as mental disorders and also reviews the DSM-5 decision-making processes. It focuses on three conditions: gambling disorder, Internet gaming disorder (IGD), and Internet addiction (IA). Read More

    Polygenic Risk Scores in Clinical Psychology: Bridging Genomic Risk to Individual Differences.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May;14:119-157
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.
    Genomewide association studies (GWASs) across psychiatric phenotypes have shown that common genetic variants generally confer risk with small effect sizes (odds ratio < 1.1) that additively contribute to polygenic risk. Summary statistics derived from large discovery GWASs can be used to generate polygenic risk scores (PRS) in independent, target data sets to examine correlates of polygenic disorder liability (e. Read More

    Treatment Selection in Depression.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 1;14:209-236. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA; email:
    Mental health researchers and clinicians have long sought answers to the question "What works for whom?" The goal of precision medicine is to provide evidence-based answers to this question. Treatment selection in depression aims to help each individual receive the treatment, among the available options, that is most likely to lead to a positive outcome for them. Although patient variables that are predictive of response to treatment have been identified, this knowledge has not yet translated into real-world treatment recommendations. Read More

    Stress, Telomeres, and Psychopathology: Toward a Deeper Understanding of a Triad of Early Aging.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 1;14:371-397. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Department of Psychiatry; Center for Health and Community; Aging, Metabolism, and Emotions Center; University of California, San Francisco, California 94118, USA; email: ,
    Telomeres play an important part in aging and show relationships to lifetime adversity, particularly childhood adversity. Meta-analyses demonstrate reliable associations between psychopathology (primarily depression) and shorter telomere length, but the nature of this relationship has not been fully understood. Here, we review and evaluate the evidence for impaired telomere biology as a consequence of psychopathology or as a contributing factor, and the important mediating roles of chronic psychological stress and impaired allostasis. Read More

    Evolutionary Perspectives on Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Psychiatric Disorders.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 24;14:471-493. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience and the Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA; email:
    Evolutionary medicine uses evolutionary theory to help elucidate why humans are vulnerable to disease and disorders. I discuss two different types of evolutionary explanations that have been used to help understand human psychiatric disorders. First, a consistent finding is that psychiatric disorders are moderately to highly heritable, and many, such as schizophrenia, are also highly disabling and appear to decrease Darwinian fitness. Read More

    Culture's Influence on Stressors, Parental Socialization, and Developmental Processes in the Mental Health of Children of Immigrants.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 24;14:343-370. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Inclusive Education Group, College of Human Sciences, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany; email:
    Children of immigrants represent one in four children in the United States and will represent one in three children by 2050. Children of Asian and Latino immigrants together represent the majority of children of immigrants in the United States. Children of immigrants may be immigrants themselves, or they may have been born in the United States to foreign-born parents; their status may be legal or undocumented. Read More

    Antisocial Personality as a Neurodevelopmental Disorder.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 25;14:259-289. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA; email:
    Although antisocial personality disorder (APD) is one of the most researched personality disorders, it is still surprisingly resistant to treatment. This lack of clinical progress may be partly due to the failure to view APD as a neurodevelopmental disorder and to consider early interventions. After first defining what constitutes a neurodevelopmental disorder, this review evaluates the extent to which APD meets neurodevelopmental criteria, covering structural and functional brain imaging, neurocognition, genetics and epigenetics, neurochemistry, and early health risk factors. Read More

    Machine Learning Approaches for Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 29;14:91-118. Epub 2018 Jan 29.
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Section for Neurodiagnostic Applications, Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich 80638, Germany; email: , ,
    Machine learning approaches for clinical psychology and psychiatry explicitly focus on learning statistical functions from multidimensional data sets to make generalizable predictions about individuals. The goal of this review is to provide an accessible understanding of why this approach is important for future practice given its potential to augment decisions associated with the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of people suffering from mental illness using clinical and biological data. To this end, the limitations of current statistical paradigms in mental health research are critiqued, and an introduction is provided to critical machine learning methods used in clinical studies. Read More

    Lay Health Worker Involvement in Evidence-Based Treatment Delivery: A Conceptual Model to Address Disparities in Care.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 31;14:185-208. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA; email:
    Mobilizing lay health workers (LHWs) to deliver evidence-based treatments (EBTs) is a workforce strategy to address mental health disparities in underserved communities. LHWs can be leveraged to support access to EBTs in a variety of ways, from conducting outreach for EBTs delivered by professional providers to serving as the primary treatment providers. This critical review provides an overview of how LHW-supported or -delivered EBTs have been leveraged in low-, middle-, and high-income countries (HICs). Read More

    History of the Treatment of Female Sexual Dysfunction(s).
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 22;14:29-54. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1G 5Z3, Canada; email:
    This article reviews the history of the treatment of women's sexual problems from the Victorian era to the twenty-first century. The contextual nature of determining what constitutes female sexual psychopathology is highlighted. Conceptions of normal sexuality are subject to cultural vagaries, making it difficult to identify female sexual dysfunctions. Read More

    Realizing the Mass Public Benefit of Evidence-Based Psychological Therapies: The IAPT Program.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 19;14:159-183. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Oxford Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, OX1 1TW Oxford, United Kingdom; email:
    Empirically supported psychological therapies have been developed for many mental health conditions. However, in most countries only a small proportion of the public benefit from these advances. The English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) program aims to bridge the gap between research and practice by training over 10,500 new psychological therapists in empirically supported treatments and deploying them in new services for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Read More

    Conduct Disorder and Neighborhood Effects.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 19;14:317-341. Epub 2018 Jan 19.
    Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Texas, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA; email:
    There has been a considerable amount of scholarly attention to the relationship between neighborhood effects and conduct disorder, particularly in recent years. Having said this, it has been nearly two decades since a comprehensive synthesis of this literature has been conducted. Relying on a detailed and comprehensive search strategy and inclusion criteria, this article offers a systematic and interdisciplinary review of 47 empirical studies that have examined neighborhood effects and conduct disorder. Read More

    Cognitive Effects of Cancer and Cancer Treatments.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 18;14:425-451. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    Neurocognitive Research Lab, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10022, USA; email: ,
    As the population of cancer survivors has grown into the millions, there has been increasing emphasis on understanding how the late effects of treatment affect survivors' ability to return to work/school, their capacity to function and live independently, and their overall quality of life. This review focuses on cognitive change associated with cancer and cancer treatments. Research in this area has progressed from a pharmacotoxicology perspective to a view of the cognitive change as a complex interaction of aspects of the treatment, vulnerability factors that increase risk for posttreatment cognitive decline, cancer biology, and the biology of aging. Read More

    Risk Factors for Depression: An Autobiographical Review.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 12;14:1-28. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA; email:
    I have been given a priceless opportunity to reflect on my career in the remarkably productive field of risk factors for depression. Psychological research on depression exploded in the early years of my work. I try to give an account of the choices and challenges, and reflect on the influences, some calculated and some serendipitous, that determined the paths I have followed. Read More

    Transforming the Treatment of Schizophrenia in the United States: The RAISE Initiative.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 12;14:237-258. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Zucker Hillside Hospital and the Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York 11549, USA.
    The schizophrenia spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental illnesses with a lifetime prevalence near 1%, producing extensive functional impairment and low expectations for recovery. Until recently, treatment in the United States has largely attempted to stabilize individuals with chronic schizophrenia. The identification and promotion of evidence-based practices for schizophrenia via the Patient Outcomes Research Team, combined with international studies supporting the value of early intervention, provided the foundation for the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) project. Read More

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Controversy, Developmental Mechanisms, and Multiple Levels of Analysis.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 May 8;14:291-316. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-1650, USA; email:
    Controversy abounds regarding the symptom dimensions of attention problems, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, developmentally extreme and impairing levels of which compose the diagnostic category of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). I highlight causal factors, underlying mechanisms, developmental trajectories, and female manifestations of ADHD, integrating the psychobiological underpinnings of this syndrome with contextual factors related to its clinical presentation, impairments, and soaring increases in diagnosed prevalence. Indeed, despite strong heritability, ADHD is expressed via transactional patterns of influence linked to family-, school-, peer-, neighborhood-, and policy-related factors. Read More

    The Philosophy of Nosology.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May;13:49-71
    Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Department of Psychiatry and Department of Human and Molecular Genetics, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23219-1534; email:
    Many scholars believe that psychiatric nosology is undergoing a crisis of confidence. Some of the issues up for debate hark back to the introduction of the natural history approach to classification in the seventeenth century. Natural histories map sameness and difference rather than speculate about causes. Read More

    Clinical Psychology Training: Accreditation and Beyond.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May;13:1-22
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94131; email:
    Beginning with efforts in the late 1940s to ensure that clinical psychologists were adequately trained to meet the mental health needs of the veterans of World War II, the accreditation of clinical psychologists has largely been the province of the Commission on Accreditation of the American Psychological Association. However, in 2008 the Psychological Clinical Science Accreditation System began accrediting doctoral programs that adhere to the clinical science training model. This review discusses the goals of accreditation and the history of the accreditation of graduate programs in clinical psychology, and provides an overview of the evaluation procedures used by these two systems. Read More

    Irritability in Children and Adolescents.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May;13:317-341
    Emotion and Development Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892; email: , ,
    Irritability is a common and impairing clinical presentation in children and adolescents. Despite its significant public health impact, irritability remains an elusive construct. Chronic and severe irritability is the primary symptom of the new DSM-5 diagnosis, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). Read More

    Subjective Cognitive Decline in Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May;13:369-396
    Department of Neurology and Center for Alzheimer Research and Treatment, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.
    Older adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) in the absence of objective neuropsychological dysfunction are increasingly viewed as at risk for non-normative cognitive decline and eventual progression to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. The past decade has witnessed tremendous growth in research on SCD, which may reflect the recognition of SCD as the earliest symptomatic manifestation of AD. Yet methodological challenges associated with establishing common assessment and classification procedures hamper the construct. Read More

    Psychological Treatments for the World: Lessons from Low- and Middle-Income Countries.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May;13:149-181
    Sangath, Goa, India 403501; email:
    Common mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress, are leading causes of disability worldwide. Treatment for these disorders is limited in low- and middle-income countries. This systematic review synthesizes the implementation processes and examines the effectiveness of psychological treatments for common mental disorders in adults delivered by nonspecialist providers in low- and middle-income countries. Read More

    Medical Marijuana and Marijuana Legalization.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May;13:397-419
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California 90407; email: ,
    State-level marijuana liberalization policies have been evolving for the past five decades, and yet the overall scientific evidence of the impact of these policies is widely believed to be inconclusive. In this review we summarize some of the key limitations of the studies evaluating the effects of decriminalization and medical marijuana laws on marijuana use, highlighting their inconsistencies in terms of the heterogeneity of policies, the timing of the evaluations, and the measures of use being considered. We suggest that the heterogeneity in the responsiveness of different populations to particular laws is important for interpreting the mixed findings from the literature, and we highlight the limitations of the existing literature in providing clear insights into the probable effects of marijuana legalization. Read More

    Personal Sensing: Understanding Mental Health Using Ubiquitous Sensors and Machine Learning.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 17;13:23-47. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Center for Behavioral Intervention Technologies and Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611; email: ,
    Sensors in everyday devices, such as our phones, wearables, and computers, leave a stream of digital traces. Personal sensing refers to collecting and analyzing data from sensors embedded in the context of daily life with the aim of identifying human behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and traits. This article provides a critical review of personal sensing research related to mental health, focused principally on smartphones, but also including studies of wearables, social media, and computers. Read More

    Self-Regulation and Psychopathology: Toward an Integrative Translational Research Paradigm.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 24;13:497-523. Epub 2017 Mar 24.
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708; email:
    This article presents a general framework in which different manifestations of psychopathology can be conceptualized as dysfunctions in one or more mechanisms of self-regulation, defined as the ongoing process of managing personal goal pursuit in the face of internal, interpersonal, and environmental forces that would derail it. The framework is based on the assertion that self-regulation is a critical locus for the proximal influence on motivation, cognition, emotion, and behavior of more distal factors such as genetics, temperament, socialization history, and neurophysiology. Psychological theories of self-regulation are ideal platforms from which to integrate the study of self-regulation both within and across traditional disciplines. Read More

    Schooling and Children's Mental Health: Realigning Resources to Reduce Disparities and Advance Public Health.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 24;13:123-147. Epub 2017 Mar 24.
    Institute for Juvenile Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60608; email:
    Schools have long been the primary setting for children's mental health services but have neither the resources nor the expertise to manage these services independently. The critical importance of school success for children's adjustment provides a strong rationale for schooling as an essential component of children's mental health services. In this article, we review evidence for how schooling and mental health coalesce, suggesting an alignment of school and community mental health resources that prioritizes successful schooling as a key mental health outcome. Read More

    Memory Reconsolidation Interference as an Emerging Treatment for Emotional Disorders: Strengths, Limitations, Challenges, and Opportunities.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 27;13:99-121. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands 1018WT; email:
    Experimental research on emotional memory reconsolidation interference, or the induction of amnesia for previously established emotional memory, has a long tradition, but the potential of that research for the development of novel interventions to treat psychological disorders has been recognized only recently. Here we provide an overview of basic research and clinical studies on emotional memory reconsolidation interference. We point out specific advantages of interventions based on memory reconsolidation interference over traditional treatment for emotional disorders. Read More

    Panic Disorder Comorbidity with Medical Conditions and Treatment Implications.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 27;13:209-240. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275; email:
    Panic disorder (PD) is unique among the anxiety disorders in that panic symptoms are primarily of a physical nature. Consequently, comorbidity with medical illness is significant. This review examines the association between PD and medical illness. Read More

    Brain Mechanisms of the Placebo Effect: An Affective Appraisal Account.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 27;13:73-98. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309.
    Placebos are sham medical treatments. Nonetheless, they can have substantial effects on clinical outcomes. Placebos depend on a person's psychological and brain responses to the treatment context, which influence appraisals of future well-being. Read More

    The Link Between Mental Illness and Firearm Violence: Implications for Social Policy and Clinical Practice.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 30;13:445-469. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213; email: ,
    The United States has substantially higher levels of firearm violence than most other developed countries. Firearm violence is a significant and preventable public health crisis. Mental illness is a weak risk factor for violence despite popular misconceptions reflected in the media and policy. Read More

    Emotions in Depression: What Do We Really Know?
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 30;13:241-263. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620-7200; email:
    Major depressive disorder is among the most common and costly of all mental health conditions, and in the last 20 years, emotional dysfunction has been increasingly seen as central to depression. Accordingly, research on emotions in depression has proceeded with fury. The urgency of the work has tempted investigators to issue premature declarations and to sometimes overlook theoretical and methodological challenges entailed in studying emotion. Read More

    Child Maltreatment and Risk for Psychopathology in Childhood and Adulthood.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 30;13:525-551. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; email:
    Although rates of child maltreatment are declining, more than 600,000 children in the United States are substantiated victims of abuse or neglect. The focus of this review is on the relationship between maltreatment and mental health problems in childhood and adulthood. Children and adults who are exposed to abuse or neglect in childhood are at risk for a range of poor mental health outcomes, including internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, posttraumatic stress disorder, psychotic symptoms, and personality disorders. Read More

    Predictive Processing, Source Monitoring, and Psychosis.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 30;13:265-289. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SZ, United Kingdom; email: ,
    A comprehensive understanding of psychosis requires models that link multiple levels of explanation: the neurobiological, the cognitive, the subjective, and the social. Until we can bridge several explanatory gaps, it is difficult to explain how neurobiological perturbations can manifest in bizarre beliefs or hallucinations, or how trauma or social adversity can perturb lower-level brain processes. We propose that the predictive processing framework has much to offer in this respect. Read More

    Trait Impulsivity and the Externalizing Spectrum.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 30;13:343-368. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229; email:
    This article reviews evidence that trait impulsivity-expressed early in life as the hyperactive-impulsive and combined presentations of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-is a bottom-up, subcortically mediated vulnerability to all externalizing disorders. This vulnerability arises from deficient mesolimbic dopamine responding, which imbues psychological states (irritability, discontentment) that motivate excessive approach behavior (hyperactivity, impulsivity). Through complex interactions with (a) aversive motivational states that arise from largely independent subcortical systems, (b) emotion regulatory mechanisms that arise from top-down, cortical modulation of subcortical neural function, and (c) environmental risk factors that shape and maintain emotion dysregulation, trait impulsivity confers vulnerability to increasingly severe externalizing behaviors across development. Read More

    Controversies in Narcissism.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 15;13:291-315. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602-3013; email:
    There has been a surge in interest in and research on narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). Despite or because of this increased attention, there are several areas of substantial debate that surround the construct, including descriptions of grandiose and vulnerable dimensions or variants, questions regarding the existence of a consensual description, central versus peripheral features of narcissism, distinctions between normal and pathological narcissism, possible etiological factors, the role of self-esteem in narcissism, where narcissism should be studied, how it can be assessed, and its representation in diagnostic nosologies. We suggest that a failure to distinguish between grandiose (i. Read More

    Reward Processing, Neuroeconomics, and Psychopathology.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 15;13:471-495. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322; email:
    Abnormal reward processing is a prominent transdiagnostic feature of psychopathology. The present review provides a framework for considering the different aspects of reward processing and their assessment, and highlights recent insights from the field of neuroeconomics that may aid in understanding these processes. Although altered reward processing in psychopathology has often been treated as a general hypo- or hyperresponsivity to reward, increasing data indicate that a comprehensive understanding of reward dysfunction requires characterization within more specific reward-processing domains, including subjective valuation, discounting, hedonics, reward anticipation and facilitation, and reinforcement learning. Read More

    Lovesick: How Couples' Relationships Influence Health.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 16;13:421-443. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; email: ,
    This review highlights recent advances in research addressing intimate partner relationships and health. Consideration of the strong mutual influences that the members of a couple have on each other's mental and physical health trajectories provides a new way to view the health implications of couples' convergence or interdependence; marital closeness can have a clear downside when one partner has mental or physical health problems. Couples' interconnectedness can also be leveraged to promote better treatment outcomes. Read More

    Sex Differences in Binge Eating: Gonadal Hormone Effects Across Development.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 May 16;13:183-207. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824; email:
    Eating disorders are highly sexually differentiated disorders that exhibit a female predominance in risk. Most theories focus on psychosocial explanations to the exclusion of biological/genetic influences. The purpose of this descriptive review is to evaluate evidence from animal and human studies in support of gonadal hormone effects on sex differences in binge eating. Read More

    Resolving Ambiguity in Emotional Disorders: The Nature and Role of Interpretation Biases.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2016 ;12:281-305
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom; email: , , ,
    People with emotional disorders, such as social anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and depression, demonstrate a consistent tendency, or bias, to generate negative interpretations of ambiguous material. This is different from people without emotional disorders who tend, in general, to make positive interpretations of ambiguity. If central components of an emotional disorder have high levels of inherent ambiguity (e. Read More

    Developmental Demands of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression in Children and Adolescents: Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Processes.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2016 ;12:181-216
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203-5721; email: , ,
    Although some treatments for depression in children and adolescents have been found to be efficacious, the effects sizes have tended to be modest. Thus, there is considerable room to improve upon existing depression treatments. Some children may respond poorly because they do not yet have the cognitive, social, or emotional maturity needed to understand and apply the skills being taught in therapy. Read More

    Clashing Diagnostic Approaches: DSM-ICD Versus RDoC.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2016 3;12:435-63. Epub 2016 Feb 3.
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322; email:
    Since at least the middle of the past century, one overarching model of psychiatric classification has reigned supreme, namely, that of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (herein referred to as DSM-ICD). This DSM-ICD approach embraces an Aristotelian view of mental disorders as largely discrete entities that are characterized by distinctive signs, symptoms, and natural histories. Over the past several years, however, a competing vision, namely, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative launched by the National Institute of Mental Health, has emerged in response to accumulating anomalies within the DSM-ICD system. Read More

    Gender Dysphoria in Adults.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2016 18;12:217-47. Epub 2016 Jan 18.
    Department of Medical Psychology, VU University Medical Center and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Amsterdam 1081 HV, The Netherlands.
    Gender dysphoria (GD), a term that denotes persistent discomfort with one's biologic sex or assigned gender, replaced the diagnosis of gender identity disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 2013. Subtypes of GD in adults, defined by sexual orientation and age of onset, have been described; these display different developmental trajectories and prognoses. Prevalence studies conclude that fewer than 1 in 10,000 adult natal males and 1 in 30,000 adult natal females experience GD, but such estimates vary widely. Read More

    Paraphilias in the DSM-5.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2016 11;12:383-406. Epub 2016 Jan 11.
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom; email:
    This review summarizes and critically examines the changes in how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) characterizes paraphilias. Attention is paid to the diagnostic options that were included in DSM-5, the decision not to include criterion sets for two additional disorders (paraphilic coercive disorder and hypersexual behavior disorder), and the further decision not to modify the diagnosis of pedophilic to pedohebephilic disorder. The three most significant changes are (a) the move to distinguish paraphilias from paraphilic disorders (allowing unusual sexual interests to be studied by researchers but only regarded as disorders when they cause distress or dysfunction), (b) introducing criteria describing paraphilic disorders as being in remission (when they no longer cause distress or dysfunction), and (c) clarifying the relationship between behavior and paraphilias. Read More

    Conducting Clinical Research Using Crowdsourced Convenience Samples.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2016 11;12:53-81. Epub 2016 Jan 11.
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103; email:
    Crowdsourcing has had a dramatic impact on the speed and scale at which scientific research can be conducted. Clinical scientists have particularly benefited from readily available research study participants and streamlined recruiting and payment systems afforded by Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a popular labor market for crowdsourcing workers. MTurk has been used in this capacity for more than five years. Read More

    Diagnostic Issues and Controversies in DSM-5: Return of the False Positives Problem.
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2016 11;12:105-32. Epub 2016 Jan 11.
    NYU Silver School of Social Work, New York University, New York, NY 10003.
    The fifth revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was the most controversial in the manual's history. This review selectively surveys some of the most important changes in DSM-5, including structural/organizational changes, modifications of diagnostic criteria, and newly introduced categories. It analyzes why these changes led to such heated controversies, which included objections to the revision's process, its goals, and the content of altered criteria and new categories. Read More

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