62 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Sociology[Journal]


Integrating Biomarkers in Social Stratification and Health Research.

Annu Rev Sociol 2018 Jul 16;44:361-386. Epub 2018 May 16.

Roanoke College.

This article provides an overview of the integration of biomarkers and biological mechanisms in social science models of stratification and health. The goal in reviewing this literature is to highlight research that identifies the social forces that drive inequalities over the life course and across generations. The article is structured in the following way. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-060116-053339DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433161PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Historical Census Record Linkage.

Annu Rev Sociol 2018 Jul 18;44:19-37. Epub 2018 May 18.

University of Minnesota.

For the past 80 years, social scientists have been linking historical censuses across time to study economic and geographic mobility. In recent decades, the quantity of historical census record linkage has exploded, owing largely to the advent of new machine-readable data created by genealogical organizations. Investigators are examining economic and geographic mobility across multiple generations, but also engaging many new topics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-073117-041447DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6200350PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Redistributional Policy in Rich Countries: Institutions and Impacts in Nonelderly Households.

Annu Rev Sociol 2018 Jul 25;44:441-468. Epub 2018 May 25.

Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA;

We review research on institutions of redistribution operating in high-income countries. Focusing on the nonelderly, we invoke the concept of the household income package, which includes income from labor, from related households, and from the state. Accordingly, we assess three institutional arenas: predistribution (rules and regulations that govern paid work), private redistribution (interhousehold transfers), and conventional public redistribution (operating via cash transfers and direct taxes). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-073117-041114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6108586PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Categorical Inequality: Schools As Sorting Machines.

Annu Rev Sociol 2017 Jul 5;43:311-330. Epub 2017 May 5.

School of Education, University of California, Irvine, California 92697.

Despite their egalitarian ethos, schools are social sorting machines, creating categories that serve as the foundation of later life inequalities. In this review, we apply the theory of categorical inequality to education, focusing particularly on contemporary American schools. We discuss the range of categories that schools create, adopt, and reinforce, as well as the mechanisms through which these categories contribute to production of inequalities within schools and beyond. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-060116-053354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5892435PMC

THE SECOND DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION THEORY: A Review and Appraisal.

Annu Rev Sociol 2017 Jul 19;43:473-492. Epub 2017 May 19.

Alan Feduccia Professor, Sociology Department and Director, Carolina Population Center, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

References to the second demographic transition (SDT) concept/theoretical framework have increased dramatically in the last two decades. The SDT predicts unilinear change toward very low fertility and a diversity of union and family types. The primary driver of these changes is a powerful, inevitable and irreversible shift in attitudes and norms in the direction of greater individual freedom and self-actualization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-060116-053442DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5548437PMC

WEALTH INEQUALITY AND ACCUMULATION.

Annu Rev Sociol 2017 Jul 10;43:379-404. Epub 2017 May 10.

Harvard University.

Research on wealth inequality and accumulation and the data upon which it relies have expanded substantially in the twenty-first century. While the field has experienced rapid growth, conceptual and methodological challenges remain. We begin by discussing two major unresolved methodological concerns facing wealth research: how to address challenges to causal inference posed by wealth's cumulative nature and how to operationalize net worth, given its highly skewed nature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-060116-053331DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5546759PMC
July 2017
2 Reads

Decision-Making Processes in Social Contexts.

Annu Rev Sociol 2017 Jul 12;43:207-227. Epub 2017 May 12.

Ross School of Business and Statistics.

Over the past half-century, scholars in the interdisciplinary field of Judgment and Decision Making have amassed a trove of findings, theories, and prescriptions regarding the processes ordinary people enact when making choices. But this body of knowledge has had little influence on sociology. Sociological research on choice emphasizes how features of the social environment shape individual behavior, not people's underlying decision processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-060116-053622DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5543983PMC

Graduate Education and Social Stratification.

Annu Rev Sociol 2017 Jul 3;43:353-378. Epub 2017 May 3.

Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706.

Graduate and professional education play an increasingly important role in economic inequality and elite formation in the United States, but sociologists have not subjected stratification in and through graduate education to the same level of scrutiny recently applied to undergraduate and sub-baccalaureate education. In this review, we discuss how prominent stratification theories might be extended to studies of the role of graduate and professional education, and we review research about stratification at junctures along student pathways into and through postbaccalaureate education to the labor market. Especially in doctoral and professional education, we find persistent stratification, including pronounced educational inheritance and disparities in participation and degree attainment by race/ethnicity and gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-081715-074324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335048PMC

The Socioeconomic, Demographic, and Political Effects of Housing in Comparative Perspective.

Annu Rev Sociol 2016 Jul 23;42:347-367. Epub 2016 May 23.

University of Wisconsin.

Few sociologists treat housing as a key independent variable, despite the emergence of disparate bodies of research analyzing how housing affects outcomes that traditionally interest sociologists. Scholars across the social sciences have proposed and tested mechanisms whereby housing could shape subjective wellbeing, socioeconomic status, demography, and politics. We review the evidence for causal effects across these domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-081715-074333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078393PMC
July 2016
1 Read

The Stigma Complex.

Annu Rev Sociol 2015 Aug 4;41:87-116. Epub 2015 May 4.

Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405-7103;

Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, research on stigma has continued. Building on conceptual and empirical work, the recent period clarifies new types of stigmas, expansion of measures, identification of new directions, and increasingly complex levels. Standard beliefs have been challenged, the relationship between stigma research and public debates reconsidered, and new scientific foundations for policy and programs suggested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145702DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4737963PMC
August 2015
16 Reads

STEM Education.

Annu Rev Sociol 2015 Aug 4;41:331-357. Epub 2015 May 4.

Department of Sociology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

Improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education, especially for traditionally disadvantaged groups, is widely recognized as pivotal to the U.S.'s long-term economic growth and security. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4712712PMC
August 2015
2 Reads

The Far-Reaching Impact of Job Loss and Unemployment.

Authors:
Jennie E Brand

Annu Rev Sociol 2015 Aug;41:359-375

University of California - Los Angeles.

Job loss is an involuntary disruptive life event with a far-reaching impact on workers' life trajectories. Its incidence among growing segments of the workforce, alongside the recent era of severe economic upheaval, has increased attention to the effects of job loss and unemployment. As a relatively exogenous labor market shock, the study of displacement enables robust estimates of associations between socioeconomic circumstances and life outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043237DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4553243PMC
August 2015
9 Reads

Incarceration and Health.

Annu Rev Sociol 2015 Aug;41:291-310

Department of Criminal Justice & Criminology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30302.

The expansion of the penal system has been one of the most dramatic trends in contemporary American society. A wealth of research has examined the impact of incarceration on a range of later life outcomes and has considered how the penal system has emerged as a mechanism of stratification and inequality in the United States. In this article, we review the literature from a comparatively new vein of this research: the impact of incarceration on health outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-073014-112326DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124689PMC

Marriage and Family in East Asia: Continuity and Change.

Annu Rev Sociol 2015 Aug 23;41:471-492. Epub 2015 Apr 23.

National University of Singapore, Department of Sociology and Asia Research Institute, 11 Arts Link, As1, Level 3, Singapore 117570, tel: 6516-4549, fax: 6779-1428.

Trends toward later and less marriage and childbearing in East Asia have been even more pronounced than in the West. At the same time, many other features of East Asian families have changed very little. We review recent research on trends in a wide range of family behaviors in China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-073014-112428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070151PMC
August 2015
1 Read

The Environmental Dimensions of Migration.

Annu Rev Sociol 2015 Aug 16;41:377-397. Epub 2015 Apr 16.

University of Colorado Denver.

Research on the environmental dimensions of human migration has made important strides in recent years. However, findings have been spread across multiple disciplines with wide ranging methodologies and limited theoretical development. This article reviews key findings of the field and identifies future directions for sociological research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-073014-112223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5979262PMC

Somebody's Children or Nobody's Children? How the Sociological Perspective Could Enliven Research on Foster Care.

Annu Rev Sociol 2014 Jul;40:599-618

Columbia University.

Social scientists have long been concerned about how the fortunes of parents affect their children, with acute interest in the most marginalized children. Yet little sociological research considers children in foster care. In this review, we take a three-pronged approach to show why this inattention is problematic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043358DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4243611PMC
July 2014
4 Reads

Incarceration, Prisoner Reentry, and Communities.

Annu Rev Sociol 2014 Jul;40:411-429

University of California, Berkeley.

Since the mid-1970s the United States has experienced an enormous rise in incarceration and accompanying increases in returning prisoners and in post-release community correctional supervision. Poor urban communities are disproportionately impacted by these phenomena. This review focuses on two complementary questions regarding incarceration, prisoner reentry, and communities:(1) whether and how mass incarceration has affected the social and economic structure of American communities, and (2) how residential neighborhoods affect the social and economic reintegration of returning prisoners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071811-145511DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4231529PMC
July 2014
3 Reads

Data Visualization in Sociology.

Annu Rev Sociol 2014 Jul;40:105-128

Duke University.

Visualizing data is central to social scientific work. Despite a promising early beginning, sociology has lagged in the use of visual tools. We review the history and current state of visualization in sociology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4203684PMC
July 2014
2 Reads

Endogenous Selection Bias: The Problem of Conditioning on a Collider Variable.

Annu Rev Sociol 2014 Jul 2;40:31-53. Epub 2014 Jun 2.

Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138.

Endogenous selection bias is a central problem for causal inference. Recognizing the problem, however, can be difficult in practice. This article introduces a purely graphical way of characterizing endogenous selection bias and of understanding its consequences (HernĂ¡n et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043455DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6089543PMC
July 2014
1 Read

Warmth of the Welcome: Attitudes toward Immigrants and Immigration Policy.

Annu Rev Sociol 2014 Jul 14;40:479-498. Epub 2014 Apr 14.

Sociology Department, Washington State University, PO Box 644020, Pullman, WA 99164-4020.

Natives' attitudes toward immigrants and immigration policy are important factors in the context of reception of immigrants since they contribute to a warm or chilly welcome, which potentially shapes immigrant and ethnic identities and inter-group relations. Public opinion polls show a recent "warming" of Americans' traditional ambivalence about immigration. Empirical research on attitudes toward immigrants and racial groups formed by recent waves of immigrants resonate with the dynamic nature of Blumer's (1958) theory of prejudice as a sense of relative group position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043325DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4782982PMC

Race, Ethnicity, and the Changing Context of Childbearing in the United States.

Annu Rev Sociol 2014 Jul;40:539-558

Department of Sociology & Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin.

In what ways do childbearing patterns in the contemporary United States vary for white, black, and Hispanic women? Why do these differences exist? Although completed family size is currently similar for white and black women, and only modestly larger for Hispanic women, we highlight persistent differences across groups with respect to the timing of childbearing, the relationship context of childbearing, and the extent to which births are intended. We next evaluate key explanations for these differences. Guided by a "proximate determinants" approach, we focus here on patterns of sexual activity, contraceptive use, and post-conception outcomes such as abortion and changes in mothers' relationship status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071913-043342DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4618673PMC

The Causal Effects of Father Absence.

Annu Rev Sociol 2013 07;39:399-427

Department of Sociology and Robert Wood Johnson Scholars in Health Policy Research Program, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720;

The literature on father absence is frequently criticized for its use of cross-sectional data and methods that fail to take account of possible omitted variable bias and reverse causality. We review studies that have responded to this critique by employing a variety of innovative research designs to identify the causal effect of father absence, including studies using lagged dependent variable models, growth curve models, individual fixed effects models, sibling fixed effects models, natural experiments, and propensity score matching models. Our assessment is that studies using more rigorous designs continue to find negative effects of father absence on offspring well-being, although the magnitude of these effects is smaller than what is found using traditional cross-sectional designs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145704DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3904543PMC
July 2013
5 Reads

The Future of Historical Family Demography.

Authors:
Steven Ruggles

Annu Rev Sociol 2012 Aug;38:423-441

Minnesota Population Center and Department of History, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455.

An explosion of new data sources describing historical family composition is opening unprecedented opportunities for discovery and analysis. The new data will allow comparative multilevel analysis of spatial patterns and will support studies of the transformation of living arrangements over the past 200 years. Using measurement methods that assess family choices at the individual level and analytic strategies that assess variations across space and time, we can dissect the decline of patriarchal family forms in the developed world, and place Northwestern Europe and North America in global comparative context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071811-145533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3740453PMC
August 2012
1 Read

Healthcare Systems in Comparative Perspective: Classification, Convergence, Institutions, Inequalities, and Five Missed Turns.

Annu Rev Sociol 2013 Jul 17;39:127-146. Epub 2013 May 17.

Harvard University.

This essay reviews and evaluates recent comparative social science scholarship on healthcare systems. We focus on four of the strongest themes in current research: (1) the development of typologies of healthcare systems, (2) assessment of convergence among healthcare systems, (3) problematization of the shifting boundaries of healthcare systems, and (4) the relationship between healthcare systems and social inequalities. Our discussion seeks to highlight the central debates that animate current scholarship and identify unresolved questions and new opportunities for research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5536857PMC
July 2013
7 Reads

Demographic Change and Parent-Child Relationships in Adulthood.

Annu Rev Sociol 2013 Jul;39:275-290

Department of Sociology and California Center for Population Research, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095.

Demographic changes in who becomes a parent, how many children parents have, and the marital statuses of parents and children affect the extent to which parents and adult children provide for each other later in life. We describe these demographic changes and their implications for the help parents and children give each other throughout their adult years. The changing demography of US families has increased both generations' need for family assistance among those already disadvantaged and has exacerbated differences between the socioeconomically advantaged and disadvantaged in the availability of kin support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4219735PMC
July 2013
1 Read

Making a Place for Space: Spatial Thinking in Social Science.

Authors:
John R Logan

Annu Rev Sociol 2012 Aug;38

New technologies and multilevel data sets that include geographic identifiers have heightened sociologists' interest in spatial analysis. I review several of the key concepts, measures, and methods that are brought into play in this work, and offer examples of their application in a variety of substantive fields. I argue that the most effective use of the new tools requires greater emphasis on spatial thinking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-071811-145531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3838106PMC
August 2012
5 Reads

Social Relationships and Health Behavior Across Life Course.

Annu Rev Sociol 2010 Aug;36:139-157

Department of Sociology, Population Research Center, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712.

Sociological theory and research point to the importance of social relationships in affecting health behavior. This work tends to focus on specific stages of the life course, with a division between research on childhood/adolescent and adult populations. Yet recent advances demonstrate that early life course experiences shape health outcomes well into adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-070308-120011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3171805PMC

Socioeconomic Disparities in Health Behaviors.

Annu Rev Sociol 2010 Aug;36:349-370

Department of Sociology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0484;

The inverse relationships between socioeconomic status (SES) and unhealthy behaviors such as tobacco use, physical inactivity, and poor nutrition have been well demonstrated empirically but encompass diverse underlying causal mechanisms. These mechanisms have special theoretical importance because disparities in health behaviors, unlike disparities in many other components of health, involve something more than the ability to use income to purchase good health. Based on a review of broad literatures in sociology, economics, and public health, we classify explanations of higher smoking, lower exercise, poorer diet, and excess weight among low-SES persons into nine broad groups that specify related but conceptually distinct mechanisms. Read More

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http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev.soc.012809.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.012809.102529DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3169799PMC
August 2010
1 Read

Research on Adolescence in the Twenty-First Century.

Annu Rev Sociol 2011 Aug 20;37:439-460. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Department of Sociology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-4020.

Recent methodological advances have allowed empirical research on adolescence to do better justice to theoretical models. Organized by a life course framework, this review covers the state of contemporary research on adolescents' physical, psychological, interpersonal, and institutional pathways; how these pathways connect within primary ecological contexts; and how they relate to broader patterns of societal stratification and historical change. Looking forward, it also emphasizes three future challenges/opportunities, including efforts to illuminate biosocial processes, link adolescence to other life stages, and account for the influence of major social changes (e. Read More

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http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-soc-081309-
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-081309-150008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5695926PMC

The New Homelessness Revisited.

Annu Rev Sociol 2010 Aug;36:501-521

Department of Sociology University of Central Florida Orlando, FL 32816-1360

The 'new homelessness' has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-070308-115940DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4045444PMC
August 2010
4 Reads

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets.

Annu Rev Sociol 2008 Jan;34:181-209

Department of Sociology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544.

Persistent racial inequality in employment, housing, and a wide range of other social domains has renewed interest in the possible role of discrimination. And yet, unlike in the pre-civil rights era, when racial prejudice and discrimination were overt and widespread, today discrimination is less readily identifiable, posing problems for social scientific conceptualization and measurement. This article reviews the relevant literature on discrimination, with an emphasis on racial discrimination in employment, housing, credit markets, and consumer interactions. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2915460PMC
January 2008

Low Fertility at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century.

Annu Rev Sociol 2006 Aug;32:375-399

Department of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708.

In the past few decades, demographic concerns have shifted from rapid population growth fueled by high fertility to concerns of population decline produced by very low, sub-replacement fertility levels. Once considered a problem unique to Europe or developed nations, concerns now center on the global spread of low fertility. Nearly half of the world's population now lives in countries with fertility at or below replacement levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.31.041304.122220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2849172PMC
August 2006
2 Reads

Intermarriage and homogamy: causes, patterns, trends.

Authors:
M Kalmijn

Annu Rev Sociol 1998 (24):395-421

"Although many characteristics play a role in the choice of a spouse, sociologists have most often examined endogamy and homogamy with respect to race/ethnicity, religion, and socioeconomic status... Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.24.1.395DOI Listing

Women's employment and the gain to marriage: the specialization and trading model.

Authors:
V K Oppenheimer

Annu Rev Sociol 1997 ;23:431-53

"This chapter critically examines the hypothesis that women's rising employment levels have increased their economic independence and hence have greatly reduced the desirability of marriage. Little firm empirical support for this hypothesis is found. The apparent congruence in time-series data of women's rising employment with declining marriage rates and increasing marital instability is partly a result of using the historically atypical early postwar behavior of the baby boom era as the benchmark for comparisons and partly due to confounding trends in delayed marriage with those of nonmarriage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.23.1.431DOI Listing

The first injustice: socioeconomic disparities, health services technology, and infant mortality.

Annu Rev Sociol 1997 ;23:147-70

"Infant mortality has long been viewed as a synoptic indicator of the health and social condition of a population. In this article we examine critically the structure of this reflective capacity with a particular emphasis on how new health care technologies may have altered traditional pathways of social influence.. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.23.1.147DOI Listing

Unauthorized immigration to the United States.

Authors:
T J Espenshade

Annu Rev Sociol 1995 ;21:195-216

"This paper surveys research on the size of the undocumented immigrant population in the United States, the causes and consequences of illegal migrant flows, public attitudes toward unauthorized migrants, and the history of attempts to control the volume of undocumented migration. It concludes that there are powerful push and pull factors that create and sustain the volume of unauthorized migration, that there is little evidence that undocumented migrants have negative labor market consequences despite what the general public thinks, that U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.21.080195.001211DOI Listing
July 1996
3 Reads

The Easterlin effect.

Annu Rev Sociol 1995 ;21:163-94

"The Easterlin effect posits cyclical changes in demographic and social behavior as the result of fluctuations in birth rates and cohort size during the post-World War II period... Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.21.080195.001115DOI Listing

Why fertility changes.

Authors:
C Hirschman

Annu Rev Sociol 1994 ;20:203-33

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.20.080194.001223DOI Listing
January 1995

Population aging and social policy.

Authors:
P Uhlenberg

Annu Rev Sociol 1992 ;18:449-74

The author examines current demographic trends in developed countries and finds that they may force us to challenge the existing arrangement in which pre-retirement adults entirely support the aged. "Not only is the ratio of the older to younger adults increasing, but also an increasing proportion of adults entering old age have the ability to make significant contributions (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.18.080192.002313DOI Listing
December 1992

The economic costs of marital dissolution: why do women bear a disproportionate cost?

Annu Rev Sociol 1991 ;17:51-78

"We review the literature on the economic consequences of marital dissolution for women. Longitudinal studies of the effects of divorce and widowhood indicate that both types of dissolutions have negative and prolonged consequences for women's economic well-being. This is not the case for men, where marital dissolution often leads to an improved economic standard of living. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.17.080191.000411DOI Listing
December 1992

Third World urbanization: dimensions, theories, and determinants.

Annu Rev Sociol 1991 ;17:467-501

"Few aspects of international social change have generated as much scholarship as patterns of urbanization in the Third World. In this review of interdisciplinary research, we first trace the trends and dimensions of urbanization in developing countries and then discuss major theories guiding global urban studies. Second, we review and critique recent cross-national investigations of the determinants of urbanization and its dimensions, concluding that severe underspecification, the dearth of comparative statistics on critical dimensions, and the ambiguity of proxy variables hinder research in this area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.17.080191.002343DOI Listing
December 1992

Women and migration: the social consequences of gender.

Authors:
S Pedraza

Annu Rev Sociol 1991 ;17:303-25

"This paper reviews the literature on the neglected role of women in migration. It argues that focusing on gender and the family can provide the necessary linkage of micro and macro levels of analyses. Striving to contribute to a gendered understanding of the social process of migration, the review organizes the literature along these major issues: How is gender related to the decision to migrate--i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.17.080191.001511DOI Listing
December 1992

Immigration and urban change.

Authors:
R Waldinger

Annu Rev Sociol 1989 ;15:211-32

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.15.080189.001235DOI Listing
April 1991
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Practical uses of multistate population models.

Authors:
R Schoen

Annu Rev Sociol 1988 ;14:341-61

"The article provides a nontechnical description of multistate population models, useful analytical tools that can reflect changes over time in the characteristics of a closed group of persons. The multistate life table literature is reviewed, emphasizing applications of the models to studies of marital status, family and household status, interregional migration, and labor force participation and concluding with a discussion of the relationship between multistate and event history models." Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.14.080188.002013DOI Listing

Organizational demography.

Authors:
S Stewman

Annu Rev Sociol 1988 ;14:173-202

This is a review of the literature concerning organizational demography, with a focus on intraorganizational demography. The author concludes that "the potential for organizational demography appears great, especially for yielding new insights into organizational behavior. There are also current linkages with internal labor market theory, and linkages with ecological and network theories that are beginning to emerge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.14.080188.001133DOI Listing

Changing perspectives on the American family in the past.

Annu Rev Sociol 1987 ;31:193-206

Past reviews of American family history, while providing useful information about certain aspects of family life in the past, have inadequately addressed the conceptual framework informing the discipline. Juster begins by reviewing 4 approaches developed by social scientists for studying the family: household composition, generations, family cycle, and life-course. The life-course perspective seems the most promising for a dynamic, complex view of families that links changes in the domestic sphere to wider societal trends and concerns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.so.13.080187.001205DOI Listing
October 1989