1,252 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Psychology[Journal]


Psicología y Pueblos Indígenas.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01;73:S1-S32

Escuela de Psicología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; email:

La pregunta sobre la existencia de características comunes inherentes a la psicología de los pueblos Indígenas de todo el mundo ha sido objeto de mucho debate. Nosotros argumentamos que los pueblos Indígenas comparten la experiencia de la colonización, así como sus consecuencias sociales y psicológicas. Desarrollamos este argumento en cuatro secciones: () La historia global de la colonización y las desigualdades sociales; () aspectos relativos a la identidad y los procesos grupales, incluidas la transmisión intergeneracional de valores compartidos, la conexión con la naturaleza y la promoción del cambio social; () el prejuicio y la discriminación hacia los pueblos Indígenas y el rol que juegan los procesos psicológicos para promover relaciones positivas entre los pueblos Indígenas y no-Indígenas; y () el impacto del trauma histórico y del colonialismo en la cognición, la salud mental y el bienestar de los pueblos Indígenas, así como la base para el desarrollo de intervenciones exitosas que integran los conocimientos Indígenas. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Exploring Cognition with Brain-Machine Interfaces.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01;73:131-158

Division of Biology and Biological Engineering and Tianqiao & Chrissy Chen Brain-Machine Interface Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA; email:

Traditional brain-machine interfaces decode cortical motor commands to control external devices. These commands are the product of higher-level cognitive processes, occurring across a network of brain areas, that integrate sensory information, plan upcoming motor actions, and monitor ongoing movements. We review cognitive signals recently discovered in the human posterior parietal cortex during neuroprosthetic clinical trials. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Catching Up on Multilevel Modeling.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01;73:659-689

Department of Clinical Research, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska 68178, USA.

This review focuses on the use of multilevel models in psychology and other social sciences. We target readers who are catching up on current best practices and sources of controversy in the specification of multilevel models. We first describe common use cases for clustered, longitudinal, and cross-classified designs, as well as their combinations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Speech Computations of the Human Superior Temporal Gyrus.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 21;73:79-102. Epub 2021 Oct 21.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA; email:

Human speech perception results from neural computations that transform external acoustic speech signals into internal representations of words. The superior temporal gyrus (STG) contains the nonprimary auditory cortex and is a critical locus for phonological processing. Here, we describe how speech sound representation in the STG relies on fundamentally nonlinear and dynamical processes, such as categorization, normalization, contextual restoration, and the extraction of temporal structure. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Personal Values Across Cultures.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 19;73:517-546. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel.

Values play an outsized role in the visions, critiques, and discussions of politics, religion, education, and family life. Despite all the attention values receive in everyday discourse, their systematic study took hold in mainstream psychology only in the 1990s. This review discusses the nature of values and presents the main contemporary value theories, focusing on the theory of basic personal values. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Replicability, Robustness, and Reproducibility in Psychological Science.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 19;73:719-748. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville VIC 3052, Australia.

Replication-an important, uncommon, and misunderstood practice-is gaining appreciation in psychology. Achieving replicability is important for making research progress. If findings are not replicable, then prediction and theory development are stifled. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

The Basis of Navigation Across Species.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 12;73:217-241. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, Australia; email:

Animals navigate a wide range of distances, from a few millimeters to globe-spanning journeys of thousands of kilometers. Despite this array of navigational challenges, similar principles underlie these behaviors across species. Here, we focus on the navigational strategies and supporting mechanisms in four well-known systems: the large-scale migratory behaviors of sea turtles and lepidopterans as well as navigation on a smaller scale by rats and solitarily foraging ants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Recollecting What We Once Knew: My Life in Psycholinguistics.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 8;73:1-23. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Department of English, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA.

The mid-twentieth century brought a radical change in how the linguistics community formulated its major goal, moving from a largely taxonomic science to Chomsky's revolution, which conceptualized language as a higher-order cognitive function. This article reviews the paths (not always direct) that brought Lila Gleitman into contact with that revolution, her contributions to it, and the evolution in her thinking about how language is learned by every child, regardless of extreme variation in the input received. To understand how that occurs, we need to discover what must be learned by the child and what is already there to guide that learning-what must be, in Plato's terms, "recollected. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Optimizing Research Output: How Can Psychological Research Methods Be Improved?

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 6;73:691-718. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen 72074, Germany.

Recent evidence suggests that research practices in psychology and many other disciplines are far less effective than previously assumed, which has led to what has been called a "crisis of confidence" in psychological research (e.g., Pashler & Wagenmakers 2012). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Educational Psychology Is Evolving to Accommodate Technology, Multiple Disciplines, and Twenty-First-Century Skills.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 29;73:547-574. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Enrollment Research and Analytics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA; email:

This article covers recent research activities in educational psychology that have an interdisciplinary emphasis and that accommodate twenty-first-century skills in addition to the traditional foundations of literacy, numeracy, science, reasoning (problem-solving), and academic subject matter. We emphasize digital technologies because they are capable of tracking learning data in rich detail and reliably delivering interventions that are tailored to individual learners in particular sociocultural contexts. This is a departure from inflexible pedagogical approaches that previously have been routinely adopted in most classrooms and other contexts of instruction with no precise record of learning and instructional activities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Attitudes, Habits, and Behavior Change.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 29;73:327-352. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom; email:

Efforts to guide peoples' behavior toward environmental sustainability, good health, or new products have emphasized informational and attitude change strategies. There is evidence that changing attitudes leads to changes in behavior, yet this approach takes insufficient account of the nature and operation of habits, which form boundary conditions for attitude-directed interventions. Integration of research on attitudes and habits might enable investigators to identify when and how behavior change strategies will be most effective. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Childhood Antisocial Behavior: A Neurodevelopmental Problem.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 29;73:353-377. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, United Kingdom; email:

Early-onset disruptive, aggressive, and antisocial behavior is persistent, can become increasingly serious as children grow older, and is difficult to change. In 2007, our group proposed a theoretical model highlighting the interplay between neurobiological deficits and cognitive and emotional functioning as mediators of the link between genetic influences and early social adversity, on the one hand, and antisocial behavioral problems in childhood, on the other. In this article, we review the post-2007 evidence relevant to this model. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Memory and Reward-Based Learning: A Value-Directed Remembering Perspective.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 29;73:25-52. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA; email:

The ability to prioritize valuable information is critical for the efficient use of memory in daily life. When information is important, we engage more effective encoding mechanisms that can better support retrieval. Here, we describe a dual-mechanism framework of value-directed remembering in which both strategic and automatic processes lead to differential encoding of valuable information. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Brain Mechanisms Underlying the Subjective Experience of Remembering.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 29;73:159-186. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, United Kingdom.

The ability to remember events in vivid, multisensory detail is a significant part of human experience, allowing us to relive previous encounters and providing us with the store of memories that shape our identity. Recent research has sought to understand the subjective experience of remembering, that is, what it feels like to have a memory. Such remembering involves reactivating sensory-perceptual features of an event and the thoughts and feelings we had when the event occurred, integrating them into a conscious first-person experience. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Cultivating Resilience During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Socioecological Perspective.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 27;73:575-598. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

School of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China; email:

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses wide-ranging impacts on the physical and mental health of people around the world, increasing attention from both researchers and practitioners on the topic of resilience. In this article, we review previous research on resilience from the past several decades, focusing on how to cultivate resilience during emerging situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic at the individual, organizational, community, and national levels from a socioecological perspective. Although previous research has greatly enriched our understanding of the conceptualization, predicting factors, processes, and consequences of resilience from a variety of disciplines and levels, future research is needed to gain a deeper and comprehensive understanding of resilience, including developing an integrative and interdisciplinary framework for cultivating resilience, developing an understanding of resilience from a life span perspective, and developing scalable and cost-effective interventions for enhancing resilience and improving pandemic preparedness. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

What Are the Health Consequences of Upward Mobility?

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 27;73:599-628. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Institute for Policy Research and Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA; email:

Health disparities by socioeconomic status (SES) have been extensively documented, but less is known about the physical health implications of achieving upward mobility. This article critically reviews the evolving literature in this area, concluding that upward mobility is associated with a trade-off, whereby economic success and positive mental health in adulthood can come at the expense of physical health, a pattern termed skin-deep resilience. We consider explanations for this phenomenon, including prolonged high striving, competing demands between the environments upwardly mobile individuals seek to enter and their environments of origin, cultural mismatches between adaptive strategies from their childhood environments and those that are valued in higher-SES environments, and the sense of alienation, lack of belonging, and discrimination that upwardly mobile individuals face as they move into spaces set up by and for high-SES groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Computational Psychiatry Needs Time and Context.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 27;73:243-270. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA; email:

Why has computational psychiatry yet to influence routine clinical practice? One reason may be that it has neglected context and temporal dynamics in the models of certain mental health problems. We develop three heuristics for estimating whether time and context are important to a mental health problem: Is it characterized by a core neurobiological mechanism? Does it follow a straightforward natural trajectory? And is intentional mental content peripheral to the problem? For many problems the answers are no, suggesting that modeling time and context is critical. We review computational psychiatry advances toward this end, including modeling state variation, using domain-specific stimuli, and interpreting differences in context. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Normative Principles for Decision-Making in Natural Environments.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 23;73:53-77. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6GG, United Kingdom; email:

The decisions we make are shaped by a lifetime of learning. Past experience guides the way that we encode information in neural systems for perception and valuation, and determines the information we retrieve when making decisions. Distinct literatures have discussed how lifelong learning and local context shape decisions made about sensory signals, propositional information, or economic prospects. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Quantum Cognition.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 21;73:749-778. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA; email:

Uncertainty is an intrinsic part of life; most events, affairs, and questions are uncertain. A key problem in behavioral sciences is how the mind copes with uncertain information. Quantum probability theory offers a set of principles for inference, which align well with intuition about psychological processes in certain cases: cases when it appears that inference is contextual, the mental state changes as a result of previous judgments, or there is interference between different possibilities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Cognitive, Systems, and Computational Neurosciences of the Self in Motion.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 21;73:103-129. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA; email:

Navigating by path integration requires continuously estimating one's self-motion. This estimate may be derived from visual velocity and/or vestibular acceleration signals. Importantly, these senses in isolation are ill-equipped to provide accurate estimates, and thus visuo-vestibular integration is an imperative. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Psychology Within and Without the State.

Authors:
H Clark Barrett

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 21;73:461-487. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Anthropology and Center for Behavior, Evolution, and Culture, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA; email:

Psychological research in small-scale societies is crucial for what it stands to tell us about human psychological diversity. However, people in these communities, typically Indigenous communities in the global South, have been underrepresented and sometimes misrepresented in psychological research. Here I discuss the promises and pitfalls of psychological research in these communities, reviewing why they have been of interest to social scientists and how cross-cultural comparisons have been used to test psychological hypotheses. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Neurophysiology of Remembering.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 17;73:187-215. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.

By linking the past with the future, our memories define our sense of identity. Because human memory engages the conscious realm, its examination has historically been approached from language and introspection and proceeded largely along separate parallel paths in humans and other animals. Here, we first highlight the achievements and limitations of this mind-based approach and make the case for a new brain-based understanding of declarative memory with a focus on hippocampal physiology. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Personality Psychology.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 13;73:489-516. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61820, USA; email:

Personality psychology, which seeks to study individual differences in thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that persist over time and place, has experienced a renaissance in the last few decades. It has also not been reviewed as a field in the since 2001. In this article, we seek to provide an update as well as a meta-organizational structure to the field. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Human Cooperation and the Crises of Climate Change, COVID-19, and Misinformation.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 2;73:379-402. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA; email:

Contemporary society is facing many social dilemmas-including climate change, COVID-19, and misinformation-characterized by a conflict between short-term self-interest and longer-term collective interest. The climate crisis requires paying costs today to reduce climate-related harms and risks that we face in the future. The COVID-19 crisis requires the less vulnerable to pay costs to benefit the more vulnerable in the face of great uncertainty. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Psychology and Indigenous People.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 27;73:431-459. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Escuela de Psicología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; email:

Whether there are common features inherent to the psychology of Indigenous peoples around the globe has been the subject of much debate. We argue that Indigenous peoples share the experience of colonization and its social and psychological consequences. We develop this argument across four sections: () the global history of colonization and social inequalities; () aspects concerning identity and group processes, including the intergenerational transmission of shared values, the connection with nature, and the promotion of social change; () prejudice and discrimination toward Indigenous peoples and the role of psychological processes to improve relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples; and () the impact of historical trauma and colonialism on dimensions including cognition, mental health, and the well-being of Indigenous peoples as well as the basis for successful interventions that integrate Indigenous knowledge. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Social Motivation at Work: The Organizational Psychology of Effort for, Against, and with Others.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 19;73:301-326. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA; email:

Although a great deal of effort in tasks, projects, and jobs is fueled by our interactions and relationships, psychologists have often overlooked the social forces that shape work motivation. In this review, we examine new developments in research on the interpersonal dynamics that enable and constrain proactivity, persistence, performance, and productivity. The first section examines the impact of competition on work motivation, including the roles of rivalries, favorite versus underdog expectations, and status strivings. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

The Social Effects of Emotions.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 19;73:629-658. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6, Canada; email:

We review the burgeoning literature on the social effects of emotions, documenting the impact of emotional expressions on observers' affect, cognition, and behavior. We find convergent evidence that emotional expressions influence observers' affective reactions, inferential processes, and behaviors across various domains, including close relationships, group decision making, customer service, negotiation, and leadership. Affective reactions and inferential processes mediate the effects of emotional expressions on observers' behaviors, and the relative potency of these mediators depends on the observers' information processing and the perceived appropriateness of the emotional expressions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Diversity Training Goals, Limitations, and Promise: A Review of the Multidisciplinary Literature.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 19;73:403-429. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244, USA; email:

In this review, we utilize a narrative approach to synthesize the multidisciplinary literature on diversity training. In examining hundreds of articles on the topic, we discovered that the literature is amorphous and complex and does not allow us to reach decisive conclusions regarding best practices in diversity training. We note that scholars of diversity training, when testing the efficacy of their approaches, too often use proxy measures for success that are far removed from the types of consequential outcomes that reflect the purported goals of such trainings. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Persistence and Disengagement in Personal Goal Pursuit.

Annu Rev Psychol 2022 01 19;73:271-299. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Psychology and University Research Priority Program "Dynamics of Healthy Aging," University of Zurich, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland; email:

Persistence in and timely disengagement from personal goals are core components of successful self-regulation and therefore relevant to well-being and performance. In the history of motivation psychology, there has been a clear emphasis on persistence. Only recently have researchers become interested in goal disengagement, as mirrored by the amount of pertinent research. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022