1,194 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Psychology[Journal]


How Interdisciplinary? Taking Stock of Decision-Making Research at the Intersection of Psychology and Law.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01;71:541-561

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA; email:

Contemporary inquiries in psychology and law increasingly cross disciplinary boundaries for inspiration. Our focus is on whether such research is substantive in both directions and whether interdisciplinary psychology-and-law author teams produce more meaningful interdisciplinary work, specifically in decision-making research conducted between 2004 and 2017. We found that interdisciplinary psychology-and-law author teams () produce publications that show more cross-disciplinary integration in methods than single-discipline teams, () produce publications with more conceptual integration in the introduction and discussion than only law author teams, and () elicit more citations than only law or only psychology author teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050822DOI Listing
January 2020

Dopamine and Addiction.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01;71:79-106

Behavioral Genetics Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts 02478, USA; email:

Addiction is commonly identified with habitual nonmedical self-administration of drugs. It is usually defined by characteristics of intoxication or by characteristics of withdrawal symptoms. Such addictions can also be defined in terms of the brain mechanisms they activate; most addictive drugs cause elevations in extracellular levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103337DOI Listing
January 2020

Event Perception and Memory.

Authors:
Jeffrey M Zacks

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01;71:165-191

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, USA; email:

Events make up much of our lived experience, and the perceptual mechanisms that represent events in experience have pervasive effects on action control, language use, and remembering. Event representations in both perception and memory have rich internal structure and connections one to another, and both are heavily informed by knowledge accumulated from previous experiences. Event perception and memory have been identified with specific computational and neural mechanisms, which show protracted development in childhood and are affected by language use, expertise, and brain disorders and injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-051101DOI Listing
January 2020

Introduction.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01;71

Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ps-71-291019-100001DOI Listing
January 2020

Family Caregiving for Older Adults.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01;71:635-659

School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.

Family members are the primary source of support for older adults with chronic illness and disability. Thousands of published empirical studies and dozens of reviews have documented the psychological and physical health effects of caregiving, identified caregivers at risk for adverse outcomes, and evaluated a wide range of intervention strategies to support caregivers. Caregiving as chronic stress exposure is the conceptual driver for much of this research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050754DOI Listing
January 2020

Implicit Social Cognition.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 22;71:419-445. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, USA.

In the last 20 years, research on implicit social cognition has established that social judgments and behavior are guided by attitudes and stereotypes of which the actor may lack awareness. Research using the methods of implicit social cognition has produced the concept of implicit bias, which has generated wide attention not only in social, clinical, and developmental psychology, but also in disciplines outside of psychology, including business, law, criminal justice, medicine, education, and political science. Although this rapidly growing body of research offers prospects of useful societal applications, the theory needed to confidently guide those applications remains insufficiently developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050837DOI Listing
January 2020

Prefrontal Regulation of Threat-Elicited Behaviors: A Pathway to Translation.

Authors:
Angela Roberts

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 17;71:357-387. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3DY, United Kingdom; email:

Regions of the prefrontal and cingulate cortices play important roles in the regulation of behaviors elicited by threat. Dissecting out their differential involvement will greatly increase our understanding of the varied etiology of symptoms of anxiety. I review evidence for altered activity within the major divisions of the prefrontal cortex, including orbitofrontal, ventrolateral, dorsolateral, and ventromedial sectors, along with the anterior cingulate cortex in patients with clinical anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050905DOI Listing
January 2020

Emotional Objectivity: Neural Representations of Emotions and Their Interaction with Cognition.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 14;71:25-48. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

Department of Human Development, Human Neuroscience Institute, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA; email:

Recent advances in our understanding of information states in the human brain have opened a new window into the brain's representation of emotion. While emotion was once thought to constitute a separate domain from cognition, current evidence suggests that all events are filtered through the lens of whether they are good or bad for us. Focusing on new methods of decoding information states from brain activation, we review growing evidence that emotion is represented at multiple levels of our sensory systems and infuses perception, attention, learning, and memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-051044DOI Listing
January 2020

Computational Models of Memory Search.

Authors:
Michael J Kahana

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 30;71:107-138. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA; email:

The capacity to search memory for events learned in a particular context stands as one of the most remarkable feats of the human brain. How is memory search accomplished? First, I review the central ideas investigated by theorists developing models of memory. Then, I review select benchmark findings concerning memory search and analyze two influential computational approaches to modeling memory search: dual-store theory and retrieved context theory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103358DOI Listing
January 2020

Depression's Unholy Trinity: Dysregulated Stress, Immunity, and the Microbiome.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 30;71:49-78. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

APC Microbiome Ireland, University College Cork, Cork T12 K8AF, Ireland; email:

Depression remains one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders, with many patients not responding adequately to available treatments. Chronic or early-life stress is one of the key risk factors for depression. In addition, a growing body of data implicates chronic inflammation as a major player in depression pathogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011613DOI Listing
January 2020

Rethinking Food Reward.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 27;71:139-164. Epub 2019 Sep 27.

Modern Diet and Physiology Research Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA.

The conscious perception of the hedonic sensory properties of caloric foods is commonly believed to guide our dietary choices. Current and traditional models implicate the consciously perceived hedonic qualities of food as driving overeating, whereas subliminal signals arising from the gut would curb our uncontrolled desire for calories. Here we review recent animal and human studies that support a markedly different model for food reward. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011643DOI Listing
January 2020

The Acquisition of Person Knowledge.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 25;71:613-634. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Department of Psychology, Boston College, Boston, Massachusetts 02467, USA; email:

How do we learn what we know about others? Answering this question requires understanding the perceptual mechanisms with which we recognize individuals and their actions, and the processes by which the resulting perceptual representations lead to inferences about people's mental states and traits. This review discusses recent behavioral, neural, and computational studies that have contributed to this broad research program, encompassing both social perception and social cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050844DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Integrating Empathy and Interpersonal Emotion Regulation.

Authors:
Jamil Zaki

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 25;71:517-540. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA; email:

When individuals experience empathy they often seek to bolster others' well-being. But what do empathizers want others to feel? Though psychologists have studied empathy and prosociality for decades, this question has yet to be clearly addressed. This is because virtually all existing research focuses on cases in which improving others' well-being also comprises heightening their positive affect or decreasing their negative affect and helping them reach their own emotional goals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050830DOI Listing
January 2020

Concepts and Compositionality: In Search of the Brain's Language of Thought.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 24;71:273-303. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Department of Psychology and Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA; email:

Imagine Genghis Khan, Aretha Franklin, and the Cleveland Cavaliers performing an opera on Maui. This silly sentence makes a serious point: As humans, we can flexibly generate and comprehend an unbounded number of complex ideas. Little is known, however, about how our brains accomplish this. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011829DOI Listing
January 2020

Social Media Elements, Ecologies, and Effects.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 13;71:471-497. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

School of Information, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA; email:

This review delineates core components of the social media ecosystem, specifying how online platforms complicate established social psychological effects. We assess four pairs of social media elements and effects: profiles and self-presentation; networks and social mobilization; streams and social comparison; and messages and social connectedness. In the process, we describe features and affordances that comprise each element, underscoring the complexity of social media contexts as they shift to a central topic within psychology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050944DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Collective Choice, Collaboration, and Communication.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 13;71:589-612. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

Department of Applied Health Promotion, Bundeswehr Institute for Preventive Medicine, 56070 Koblenz, Germany; email:

This article reviews recent empirical research on collective choice and collaborative problem solving. Much of the collective choice research focuses on hidden profiles. A hidden profile exists when group members individually have information favoring suboptimal choices but the group collectively has information favoring an optimal choice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103211DOI Listing
January 2020

Multisensory Integration as a Window into Orderly and Disrupted Cognition and Communication.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 13;71:193-219. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry and Program in Neuroscience, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7, Canada; email:

During our everyday lives, we are confronted with a vast amount of information from several sensory modalities. This multisensory information needs to be appropriately integrated for us to effectively engage with and learn from our world. Research carried out over the last half century has provided new insights into the way such multisensory processing improves human performance and perception; the neurophysiological foundations of multisensory function; the time course for its development; how multisensory abilities differ in clinical populations; and, most recently, the links between multisensory processing and cognitive abilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-051112DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Unfairness and Radicalization.

Authors:
Kees van den Bos

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 13;71:563-588. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

Department of Psychology and School of Law, Utrecht University, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands; email:

This article reviews the relationship between people's perceptions of unfairness and their tendencies to think, feel, and act in radicalizing ways. Various theories of radicalization processes are reviewed that examine key aspects of the psychology of perceived unfairness. The review shows that experienced group deprivation and perceived immorality are among the core judgments that can drive Muslim radicalization, right-wing radicalization, and left-wing radicalization. Read More

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https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050953DOI Listing
January 2020
12 Reads

New Paradigms in the Psychology of Reasoning.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 12;71:305-330. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Nick Chater, Warwick Business School, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom; email:

The psychology of verbal reasoning initially compared performance with classical logic. In the last 25 years, a new paradigm has arisen, which focuses on knowledge-rich reasoning for communication and persuasion and is typically modeled using Bayesian probability theory rather than logic. This paradigm provides a new perspective on argumentation, explaining the rational persuasiveness of arguments that are logical fallacies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-051132DOI Listing
January 2020

Judging Truth.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 12;71:499-515. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA.

Deceptive claims surround us, embedded in fake news, advertisements, political propaganda, and rumors. How do people know what to believe? Truth judgments reflect inferences drawn from three types of information: base rates, feelings, and consistency with information retrieved from memory. First, people exhibit a bias to accept incoming information, because most claims in our environments are true. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050807DOI Listing
January 2020

Functional Specialization in the Attention Network.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 12;71:221-249. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA; email:

Spatial attention is comprised of neural mechanisms that boost sensory processing at a behaviorally relevant location while filtering out competing information. The present review examines functional specialization in the network of brain regions that directs such preferential processing. This attention network includes both cortical (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7026883PMC
January 2020

Judgment and Decision Making.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 23;71:331-355. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA; email:

The science of judgment and decision making involves three interrelated forms of research: analysis of the decisions people face, description of their natural responses, and interventions meant to help them do better. After briefly introducing the field's intellectual foundations, we review recent basic research into the three core elements of decision making: judgment, or how people predict the outcomes that will follow possible choices; preference, or how people weigh those outcomes; and choice, or how people combine judgments and preferences to reach a decision. We then review research into two potential sources of behavioral heterogeneity: individual differences in decision-making competence and developmental changes across the life span. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050747DOI Listing
January 2020
3 Reads

Self and Others in Adolescence.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 23;71:447-469. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA.

Research has demonstrated that adolescence is an important time for self- and other-oriented development that underlies many skills vital for becoming a contributing member of society with healthy intergroup relations. It is often assumed that these two processes, thinking about self and thinking about others, are pitted against each other when adolescents engage in social decision making such as giving or sharing. Recent evidence from social neuroscience, however, does not support this notion of conflicting motives, suggesting instead that thinking about self and others relies on a common network of social-affective brain regions, with the medial prefrontal cortex playing a central role in the integration of perspectives related to self and others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-050937DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

The Neurocognition of Developmental Disorders of Language.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 23;71:389-417. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Institute of Psychology, Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE), H-1071 Budapest, Hungary.

Developmental disorders of language include developmental language disorder, dyslexia, and motor-speech disorders such as articulation disorder and stuttering. These disorders have generally been explained by accounts that focus on their behavioral rather than neural characteristics; their processing rather than learning impairments; and each disorder separately rather than together, despite their commonalities and comorbidities. Here we update and review a unifying neurocognitive account-the Procedural circuit Deficit Hypothesis (PDH). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011555DOI Listing
January 2020

Remembering: An Activity of Mind and Brain.

Authors:
Fergus I M Craik

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 5;71:1-24. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada; email:

I present the case for viewing human memory as a set of dynamic processes rather than as structural entities or memory stores. This perspective stems largely from the construct of levels of processing, reflecting work I published with Robert Lockhart and with Endel Tulving. I describe the personal and professional contexts in which these and other ideas evolved, and I discuss criticisms of the ideas and our responses to critics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-051027DOI Listing
January 2020

Retrieval of Emotional Events from Memory.

Annu Rev Psychol 2020 01 5;71:251-272. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467, USA; email:

The enhancing effects of emotion on memory have been well documented; emotional events are often more frequently and more vividly remembered than their neutral counterparts. Much of the prior research has emphasized the effects of emotion on encoding processes and the downstream effects of these changes at the time of retrieval. In the current review, we focus specifically on how emotional valence influences retrieval processes, examining how emotion influences the experience of remembering an event at the time of retrieval (retrieval as an end point) as well as how emotion alters the way in which remembering the event affects the underlying memory representation and subsequent retrievals (retrieval as a starting point). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010419-051123DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Introduction.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01;70

Los Angeles, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ps-70-291018-100001DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Self-Control and Academic Achievement.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01;70:373-399

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA; email: ,

Self-control refers to the alignment of thoughts, feelings, and actions with enduringly valued goals in the face of momentarily more alluring alternatives. In this review, we examine the role of self-control in academic achievement. We begin by defining self-control and distinguishing it from related constructs. Read More

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January 2019
42 Reads

The Psychology of Cultural Dynamics: What Is It, What Do We Know, and What Is Yet to Be Known?

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01;70:499-529

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia; email:

The psychology of cultural dynamics is the psychological investigation of the formation, maintenance, and transformation of culture over time. This article maps out the terrain, reviews the existing literature, and points out potential future directions of this research. It is divided into three parts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103112DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Reading Lies: Nonverbal Communication and Deception.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01;70:295-317

Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden; email:

The relationship between nonverbal communication and deception continues to attract much interest, but there are many misconceptions about it. In this review, we present a scientific view on this relationship. We describe theories explaining why liars would behave differently from truth tellers, followed by research on how liars actually behave and individuals' ability to detect lies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103135DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Face Processing in Infancy and Beyond: The Case of Social Categories.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01;70:165-189

Laboratoire de Psychologie et NeuroCognition, Université Grenoble Alpes, 38400 Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France.

Prior reviews of infant face processing have emphasized how infants respond to faces in general. This review highlights how infants come to respond differentially to social categories of faces based on differential experience, with a focus on race and gender. We examine six different behaviors: preference, recognition, scanning, category formation, association with emotion, and selective learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102753DOI Listing
January 2019
21 Reads

Revenge: A Multilevel Review and Synthesis.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01;70:319-345

Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA; email:

Why do people take revenge? This question can be difficult to answer. Vengeance seems interpersonally destructive and antithetical to many of the most basic human instincts. However, an emerging body of social scientific research has begun to illustrate a logic to revenge, demonstrating why revenge evolved in humans and when and how people take revenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103305DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Attachment in Adulthood: Recent Developments, Emerging Debates, and Future Directions.

Authors:
R Chris Fraley

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01;70:401-422

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA; email:

Some of the most emotionally powerful experiences result from the development, maintenance, and disruption of attachment relationships. In this article, I review several emerging themes and unresolved debates in the social-psychological study of adult attachment, including debates about the ways in which attachment-related functions shift over the course of development, what makes some people secure or insecure in their close relationships, consensual nonmonogamy, the evolutionary function of insecure attachment, and models of thriving through relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102813DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Interview with Shelley E. Taylor.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 3;70:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Psychology and Woodrow Wilson School of Public Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA; email:

Shelley Taylor's autobiographical interview (conducted by Annual Review of Psychology Editor and long-time collaborator Susan Fiske) touches on some of her favorite ideas. For example, positive illusions: "The traditional textbook definition of mental health included the stipulation that people see the world accurately, and what we were suggesting is that actually, a lot of times, people don't see the world accurately. They see it with a positive spin on it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-041818-040645DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Personality and Coping: Individual Differences in Responses to Emotion.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 28;70:651-671. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA; email: ,

Abundant evidence links personality with emotion via coping. Alternatively, personality can be viewed as an emergent property of responses to the experience of emotion. Dispositions to control, approach, escape, and avoid one's emotional experience underlie diverse traits, including positive and negative urgency, trait emotional approach and avoidance, alexithymia, and emotional expressiveness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102917DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Positive Affect and Health: What Do We Know and Where Next Should We Go?

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 27;70:627-650. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.

Positive affect (PA) is associated with better health across a wide range of physical health outcomes. This review reflects on why the study of PA is an essential component of our understanding of physical health and expands on pathways that connect these two variables. To encourage forward movement in this burgeoning research area, measurement and design issues in the study of PA and health are discussed, as are the connections between PA and a range of different health outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102955DOI Listing
January 2019
21 Reads

An Integrated Model of Action Selection: Distinct Modes of Cortical Control of Striatal Decision Making.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 27;70:53-76. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA; email: ,

Making decisions in environments with few choice options is easy. We select the action that results in the most valued outcome. Making decisions in more complex environments, where the same action can produce different outcomes in different conditions, is much harder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102824DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Nonverbal Communication.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 26;70:271-294. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Psychology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, California 90045, USA; email:

The field of nonverbal communication (NVC) has a long history involving many cue modalities, including face, voice, body, touch, and interpersonal space; different levels of analysis, including normative, group, and individual differences; and many substantive themes that cross from psychology into other disciplines. In this review, we focus on NVC as it pertains to individuals and social interaction. We concentrate specifically on ( a) the meanings and correlates of cues that are enacted (sent) by encoders and ( b) the perception of nonverbal cues and the accuracy of such perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103145DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

A New Era of HIV Risk: It's Not What You Know, It's Who You Know (and How Infectious).

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 26;70:673-701. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA; email:

HIV is transmitted in social and sexual relationships, and HIV transmission risks, as well as protective actions, are evolving as HIV epidemics unfold. The current focus of HIV prevention is centered on antiretroviral medications used to reduce HIV infectiousness in persons already infected with HIV [treatment as prevention (TasP)]. The same medications used to treat infected persons can also be used by uninfected persons as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the infectivity of HIV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102927DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Motor Development: Embodied, Embedded, Enculturated, and Enabling.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 26;70:141-164. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA; email:

Motor development and psychological development are fundamentally related, but researchers typically consider them separately. In this review, we present four key features of infant motor development and show that motor skill acquisition both requires and reflects basic psychological functions. ( a) Motor development is embodied: Opportunities for action depend on the current status of the body. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320716PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Computer Games in Education.

Authors:
Richard E Mayer

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 19;70:531-549. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA; email:

Visionaries offer strong claims for the educational benefits of computer games, but there is a need to test those claims with rigorous scientific research and ground them in evidence-based theories of how people learn. Three genres of game research are ( a) value-added research, which compares the learning outcomes of groups that learn academic material from playing a base version of a game to the outcomes of those playing the same game with one feature added; ( b) cognitive consequences research, which compares improvements in cognitive skills of groups that play an off-the-shelf game to the skill improvements of those who engage in a control activity; and ( c) media comparison research, which compares the learning outcomes of groups that learn academic material in a game to the outcomes of those who learn with conventional media. Value-added research suggests five promising features to include in educational computer games: modality, personalization, pretraining, coaching, and self-explanation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102744DOI Listing
January 2019
31 Reads

Personality Across the Life Span.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 19;70:423-448. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA; email:

Trait stability and maturation are fundamental principles of contemporary personality psychology and have been shown to hold across many cultures. However, it has proven difficult to move beyond these general findings to a detailed account of trait development. There are pervasive and unexplained inconsistencies across studies that may be due to ( a) insufficient attention to measurement error, ( b) subtle but age-sensitive differences in alternative measures of the same trait, or ( c) different perspectives reflected in self-reports and observer ratings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103244DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

The Caring Continuum: Evolved Hormonal and Proximal Mechanisms Explain Prosocial and Antisocial Extremes.

Authors:
Abigail A Marsh

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 19;70:347-371. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA; email:

Implicit in the long-standing disagreements about whether humans' fundamental nature is predominantly caring or callous is an assumption of uniformity. This article reviews evidence that instead supports inherent variation in caring motivation and behavior. The continuum between prosocial and antisocial extremes reflects variation in the structure and function of neurohormonal systems originally adapted to motivate parental care and since repurposed to support generalized forms of care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103010DOI Listing
January 2019
32 Reads

A Mechanistic Framework for Explaining Audience Design in Language Production.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 19;70:29-51. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychology and Center for Research in Language, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA; email:

Audience design refers to the situation in which speakers fashion their utterances so as to cater to the needs of their addressees. In this article, a range of audience design effects are reviewed, organized by a novel cognitive framework for understanding audience design effects. Within this framework, feedforward (or one-shot) production is responsible for feedforward audience design effects, or effects based on already known properties of the addressee (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011653DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Mate Preferences and Their Behavioral Manifestations.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 19;70:77-110. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Centre for Culture and Evolution, Brunel University London, Middlesex UB8 3PH, United Kingdom; email:

Evolved mate preferences comprise a central causal process in Darwin's theory of sexual selection. Their powerful influences have been documented in all sexually reproducing species, including in sexual strategies in humans. This article reviews the science of human mate preferences and their myriad behavioral manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103408DOI Listing
January 2019
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Sexual Harassment in Academia: Ethical Climates and Bounded Ethicality.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 29;70:245-270. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

David Eccles School of Business, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA; email:

This article reviews research on sexual harassment, particularly that pertaining to academia, to understand its underlying causes. Arguing that sexual harassment is an ethical issue, we draw on the field of behavioral ethics to structure our review. We first review ethical climate antecedents at the individual, leader, organizational, and environmental levels and examine their effects on both the occurrence of and responses to sexually harassing behaviors. Read More

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https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102945DOI Listing
January 2019
36 Reads

The Neurocognitive Bases of Human Volition.

Authors:
Patrick Haggard

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 20;70:9-28. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AZ, United Kingdom; email:

Volition refers to a capacity for endogenous action, particularly goal-directed endogenous action, shared by humans and some other animals. It has long been controversial whether a specific set of cognitive processes for volition exist in the human brain, and much scientific thinking on the topic continues to revolve around traditional metaphysical debates about free will. At its origins, scientific psychology had a strong engagement with volition. Read More

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https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-psych-0104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-103348DOI Listing
January 2019
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Developmental Adaptation to Stress: An Evolutionary Perspective.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 20;70:111-139. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA.

The assumption that early stress leads to dysregulation and impairment is widespread in developmental science and informs prevailing models (e.g., toxic stress). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011732DOI Listing
January 2019
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The Emotion Process: Event Appraisal and Component Differentiation.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 15;70:719-745. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Research Group of Quantitative Psychology and Individual Differences, Centre for Social and Cultural Psychology, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; email:

Much emotion research has focused on the end result of the emotion process, categorical emotions, as reported by the protagonist or diagnosed by the researcher, with the aim of differentiating these discrete states. In contrast, this review concentrates on the emotion process itself by examining how ( a) elicitation, or the appraisal of events, leads to ( b) differentiation, in particular, action tendencies accompanied by physiological responses and manifested in facial, vocal, and gestural expressions, before ( c) conscious representation or experience of these changes (feeling) and ( d) categorizing and labeling these changes according to the semantic profiles of emotion words. The review focuses on empirical, particularly experimental, studies from emotion research and neighboring domains that contribute to a better understanding of the unfolding emotion process and the underlying mechanisms, including the interactions among emotion components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011854DOI Listing
January 2019
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Psychobiological Mechanisms of Placebo and Nocebo Effects: Pathways to Improve Treatments and Reduce Side Effects.

Annu Rev Psychol 2019 01 15;70:599-625. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Division of Clinical Psychology, University of Marburg, 35032 Marburg, Germany; email:

Placebo effects constitute a major part of treatment success in medical interventions. The nocebo effect also has a major impact, as it accounts for a significant proportion of the reported side effects for many treatments. Historically, clinical trials have aimed to reduce placebo effects; however, currently, there is interest in optimizing placebo effects to improve existing treatments and in examining ways to minimize nocebo effects to improve clinical outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010418-102907DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads