162,551 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Organizational Psychology And Organizational Behavior[Journal]


Current Practices for Screening and Management of Financial Distress at NCCN Member Institutions.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2020 Jul;18(7):825-831

3Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington.

Background: Financial distress from medical treatment is an increasing concern. Healthcare organizations may have different levels of organizational commitment, existing programs, and expected outcomes of screening and management of patient financial distress.

Patients And Methods: In November 2018, representatives from 17 (63%) of the 27 existing NCCN Member Institutions completed an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6004/jnccn.2020.7538DOI Listing

Impact of the CHADS-VASc score on late clinical outcomes in patients undergoing left atrial appendage occlusion.

Int J Cardiol 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Interventional Cardiology Unit, Cardiology Department, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is an accepted strategy for cardioembolic events prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) unsuitable for anticoagulation. However, uncertainties persist regarding the benefit of LAAO in highly-comorbid patients. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the CHADS-VASc score beyond thromboembolic risk in predicting clinical outcomes in patients undergoing LAAO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.06.054DOI Listing

Nutritional Aspects of Spermidine.

Annu Rev Nutr 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Equipe Labellisée par la Ligue Contre le Cancer, Université de Paris, Sorbonne Université, INSERM U1138, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, 75006 Paris, France; email:

Natural polyamines (spermidine and spermine) are small, positively charged molecules that are ubiquitously found within organisms and cells. They exert numerous (intra)cellular functions and have been implicated to protect against several age-related diseases. Although polyamine levels decline in a complex age-dependent, tissue-, and cell type-specific manner, they are maintained in healthy nonagenarians and centenarians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-nutr-120419-015419DOI Listing

Pediatric Allergic Diseases, Food Allergy, and Oral Tolerance.

Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Paediatric Allergy Research Group, Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, SE1 7EH, United Kingdom; email:

Pediatric allergic disease is a significant health concern worldwide, and the prevalence of childhood eczema, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and food allergy continues to increase. Evidence to support specific interventions for the prevention of eczema, asthma, and allergic rhinitis is limited, and no consensus on prevention strategies has been reached. Randomized controlled trials investigating the prevention of food allergy via oral tolerance induction and the early introduction of allergenic foods have been successful in reducing peanut and egg allergy prevalence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-cellbio-100818-125346DOI Listing

THE 2020 AAPM ANNUAL MEETING PROGRAM.

Authors:

Med Phys 2020 Jun;47(6):e255-2720

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mp.14316DOI Listing

Historic and recent trends in county-level coronary heart disease death rates by race, gender, and age group, United States, 1979-2017.

PLoS One 2020 7;15(7):e0235839. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.

Given recent slowing of declines in national all-cause, heart disease, and stroke mortality, examining spatiotemporal distributions of coronary heart disease (CHD) death rates and trends can provide data critical to improving the cardiovascular health of populations. This paper documents county-level CHD death rates and trends by age group, race, and gender from 1979 through 2017. Using data from the National Vital Statistics System and a Bayesian multivariate space-time conditional autoregressive model, we estimated county-level age-standardized annual CHD death rates for 1979 through 2017 by age group (35-64 years, 65 years and older), race (white, black, other), and gender (men, women). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235839PLOS

Low seasonal variation in greater mouse-eared bat (Myotis myotis) blood parameters.

PLoS One 2020 7;15(7):e0234784. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Ecology and Diseases of Zoo Animals, Game, Fish and Bees, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

The greater mouse-eared bat (Myotis myotis) is a flagship species for the protection of hibernation and summer maternity roosts in the Western Palearctic region. A range of pathogenic agents is known to put pressure on populations, including the white-nose syndrome fungus, for which the species shows the highest prevalence and infection intensity of all European bat species. Here, we perform analysis of blood parameters characteristic for the species during its natural annual life cycle in order to establish reference values. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234784PLOS

Cost and consequence analysis of the Healthy Choices at Work programme to prevent non-communicable diseases in a commercial power plant, South Africa.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2020 Jun 22;12(1):e1-e8. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Family and Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town.

Background: The workplace is an ideal setting for the implementation of a health promotion programmes to prevent non-communicable diseases (NCD). There are limited resources assigned to workplace health promotion programmes in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC).

Aim: This study aimed to conduct a cost and consequence analysis of the Healthy Choices at Work programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v12i1.2217DOI Listing

Association of Exposure to Court-Ordered Tobacco Industry Antismoking Advertisements With Intentions and Attempts to Quit Smoking Among US Adults.

JAMA Netw Open 2020 Jul 1;3(7):e209504. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston.

Importance: In 2006, a US district court judge ordered tobacco companies to sponsor nationwide antismoking advertising campaigns. This landmark ruling and its subsequent execution represent an unprecedented tobacco control event; however, the association of this campaign with intentions and/or attempts to quit smoking is unknown.

Objectives: To assess the reach of the expanded court-ordered tobacco industry antismoking advertisements (via television, newspapers, tobacco company websites, and/or cigarette packages), to examine associations between exposure to industry antismoking advertisements and intentions and/or attempts to quit smoking among cigarette smokers, and to calculate the numbers of US smokers who would have quit intentions associated with exposure to multiple advertisements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9504DOI Listing

Assessment of Regional Methane Emissions Inventories through Airborne Quantification in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Environ Sci Technol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

This study derives methane emission rates from 92 airborne observations collected over 23 facilities including 5 refineries, 10 landfills, 4 wastewater treatment plants (POTWs), 2 composting operations and 2 dairies in the San Francisco Bay Area. Emission rates are measured using an airborne mass balance technique from a low-flying aircraft. Annual measurement-based sector-wide methane emissions are 19,000 ±2,300 Mg for refineries, 136,700 ±25,900 Mg for landfills, 11,900 ±1,500 Mg for POTWs, and 11,100 ±3,400 Mg for composting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.0c01212DOI Listing

Alpine plant growth and reproduction dynamics in a warmer world.

New Phytol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Institute of Botany of the Czech Academy of Science, Dukelská 135, CZ-379 01, Třeboň, Czech Republic.

Climate warming may stimulate growth and reproduction in cold-adapted plants, but also reduce their performance due to warming-induced drought limitation. We tested this theory using a unique experiment with the alpine forb Rumex alpinus. We examined how climate warming over the past four decades affected its annual rhizome growth, leaf production and flowering, and whether responses varied between alpine, subalpine and montane populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.16790DOI Listing

Cannabis Use in Hospitalized Patients with Chronic Pain.

Adv Ther 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: To date, no study has reported the prevalence of cannabis use in chronic pain patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the trends in cannabis use among chronic pain in-patients from 2011 to 2015 in the USA.

Methods: Patients were identified from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth and Tenth Revision, diagnosis codes for chronic pain and cannabis use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-020-01416-9DOI Listing

Quantitative analysis of the relationship between land use and urbanization development in typical arid areas.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Polytechnic University, Xi'an, 710048, China.

As the most sensitive and typical oasis city in the arid region of China, Jiayuguan, the role of land use change and urbanization in this region is prominent, which is an important epitome of China's urbanization process, and has certain special characteristics. Based on RS and GIS technology, this study interpreted the land use data from 1992 to 2012 and analyzed its dynamic change process according to the land use change model. Meanwhile, this study established an indicator system that included demographic, economic, and urbanization data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08577-8DOI Listing

Modeling sediment diagenesis processes on riverbed to better quantify aquatic carbon fluxes and stocks in a small watershed of the Mid-Atlantic region.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 Jul 6;15(1):13. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, Beltsville, MD, 20705-2350, USA.

Background: Despite the widely recognized importance of aquatic processes for bridging gaps in the global carbon cycle, there is still a lack of understanding of the role of riverbed processes for carbon flows and stocks in aquatic environments. Here, we added a sediment diagenesis and sediment carbon (C) resuspension module into the SWAT-C model and tested it for simulating both particulate organic C (POC) and dissolved organic C (DOC) fluxes using 4 years of monthly observations (2014-2017) in the Tuckahoe watershed (TW) in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00148-1DOI Listing

A systematic review of trends in all-cause mortality among people with diabetes.

Diabetologia 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, 75 Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia.

Aims/hypothesis: We examined all-cause mortality trends in people with diabetes and compared them with trends among people without diabetes.

Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases were searched for observational studies published from 1980 to 2019 reporting all-cause mortality rates across ≥2 time periods in people with diabetes. Mortality trends were examined by ethnicity, age and sex within comparable calendar periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-020-05199-0DOI Listing

A joint dataset of official COVID-19 reports and the governance, trade and competitiveness indicators of World Bank group platforms.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 19;31:105881. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Quantitative Methods, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Pannonia, Egyetem utca 10., H-8200 Veszprém, Hungary.

The presented cross-sectional dataset can be employed to analyze the governmental, trade, and competitiveness relationships of official COVID-19 reports. It contains 18 COVID-19 variables generated based on the official reports of 138 countries (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2020 [1] and Beltekian et al. [2]), as well as an additional 2203 governance, trade, and competitiveness indicators from the World Bank Group (World Bank Group, 2020 [3]) and (World Bank Group, 2020 [4]) platforms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105881DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303609PMC

Six hundred years of South American tree rings reveal an increase in severe hydroclimatic events since mid-20th century.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Cs. Ambientales, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), 5500 Mendoza, Argentina.

South American (SA) societies are highly vulnerable to droughts and pluvials, but lack of long-term climate observations severely limits our understanding of the global processes driving climatic variability in the region. The number and quality of SA climate-sensitive tree ring chronologies have significantly increased in recent decades, now providing a robust network of 286 records for characterizing hydroclimate variability since 1400 CE. We combine this network with a self-calibrated Palmer Drought Severity Index (scPDSI) dataset to derive the South American Drought Atlas (SADA) over the continent south of 12°S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2002411117DOI Listing

Analysis of lung cancer risk model (PLCO and LLP) performance in a community-based lung cancer screening programme.

Thorax 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Infection, Immunity and Respiratory Medicine, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Introduction: Low-dose CT (LDCT) screening of high-risk smokers reduces lung cancer (LC) specific mortality. Determining screening eligibility using individualised risk may improve screening effectiveness and reduce harm. Here, we compare the performance of two risk prediction models (PLCO and Liverpool Lung Project model (LLP)) and National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) eligibility criteria in a community-based screening programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2020-214626DOI Listing

Role of routine check-up in the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer: A puzzling phenomenon.

Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int 2020 Jun 21. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Department of Emergency Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310003, China; Department of Geriatric Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310003, China; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Aging and Physic-chemical Injury Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310003, China. Electronic address:

Background: The high coverage of annual routine health check-up in China is a unique phenomenon throughout the world. However, its clinical value is controversial. In this cohort study, we chose pancreatic cancer as a disease model to explore the role of routine check-up in the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hbpd.2020.06.009DOI Listing

Relationship between motoric cognitive risk syndrome, cardiovascular risk factors and diseases, and incident cognitive impairment: Results from the "NuAge" study.

Maturitas 2020 Aug 16;138:51-57. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Neurology, Geneva University Hospital and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Motoric Cognitive Risk syndrome (MCR), which combines Subjective Cognitive Complaint (SCC) and slow gait speed in individuals free of dementia and gait disability, is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and diseases as well as incident cognitive impairment. Little information on MCR exists in the Canadian population. This study aims to examine these associations in community-dwelling elderly people living in Quebec, which is a Canadian province. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2020.05.007DOI Listing

Health care cost of overweight-related diseases in Bangladesh.

Public Health Nutr 2020 Jun 23:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Institute for Social Science Research, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Objective: To estimate the economic burden of overweight in Bangladesh.

Design: We used data from Household Income and Expenditure Survey, 2010. A prevalence-based approach was used to calculate the population attributable fraction (PAF) for diseases attributable to overweight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020001068DOI Listing

Microbial communities from arid environments on a global scale. A systematic review.

Biol Res 2020 Jul 6;53(1):29. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Laboratorio de Bioinformática y Expresión Génica, Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Arid environments are defined by the lack of water availability, which is directly related to the mean annual precipitation (MAP), and high values of solar irradiation, which impacts the community composition of animals, plants, and the microbial structure of the soil. Recent advances in NGS technologies have expanded our ability to characterize microbiomes, allowing environmental microbiologists to explore the complete microbial structure. Intending to identify and describe the state-of-the-art of bacterial communities in arid soils at a global scale, and to address the effect that some environmental features may have on them, we performed a systematic review based on the PRISMA guideline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40659-020-00296-1DOI Listing

Sarcoma epidemiology and cancer-related hospitalisation in Western Australia from 1982 to 2016: a descriptive study using linked administrative data.

BMC Cancer 2020 Jul 6;20(1):625. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Health Economics and Data Analytics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia, 6845, Australia.

Background: Sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignancies arising from mesenchymal cells. Epidemiological studies on sarcoma from Australia are lacking, as previous studies have focused on a sarcoma type (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07103-wDOI Listing

Comparison of smartphone-based retinal imaging systems for diabetic retinopathy detection using deep learning.

BMC Bioinformatics 2020 Jul 6;21(Suppl 4):259. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Dept. of Computer Science, University of Central Arkansas, 201 Donaghey Ave, Conway, AR, 72035, USA.

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR), the most common cause of vision loss, is caused by damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. If untreated, it may result in varying degrees of vision loss and even blindness. Since DR is a silent disease that may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems, annual eye exams are crucial for early detection to improve chances of effective treatment where fundus cameras are used to capture retinal image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12859-020-03587-2DOI Listing

Cellular Electron Cryo-Tomography to Study Virus-Host Interactions.

Annu Rev Virol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Centre for Structural Systems Biology, Heinrich-Pette-Institute, Leibniz Institute for Experimental Virology, University of Hamburg, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany; email:

Viruses are obligatory intracellular parasites that reprogram host cells upon infection to produce viral progeny. Here, we review recent structural insights into virus-host interactions in bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes unveiled by cellular electron cryo-tomography (cryoET). This advanced three-dimensional imaging technique of vitreous samples in near-native state has matured over the past two decades and proven powerful in revealing molecular mechanisms underlying viral replication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-virology-021920-115935DOI Listing

Nutrient Control of mRNA Translation.

Annu Rev Nutr 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA; email:

The emergence of genome-wide analyses to interrogate cellular DNA, RNA, and protein content has revolutionized the study of control networks that mediate cellular homeostasis. mRNA translation represents the last step of genetic flow and primarily defines the proteome. Translational regulation is thus critical for gene expression, in particular under nutrient excess or deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-nutr-120919-041411DOI Listing

Short Bowel Syndrome: A Paradigm for Intestinal Adaptation to Nutrition?

Annu Rev Nutr 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Centre de Recherche sur l'Inflammation, INSERM UMRS-1149, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université de Paris, 75018 Paris, France; email:

Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a rare disease that results from extensive resection of the intestine. When the remaining absorption surface of the intestine cannot absorb enough macronutrients, micronutrients, and water, SBS results in intestinal failure (IF). Patients with SBS who suffer from IF require parenteral nutrition for survival, but long-term parenteral nutrition may lead to complications such as catheter sepsis and metabolic diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-nutr-011720-122203DOI Listing

Impacts and Echoes: The Lasting Influence of the White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health.

Annu Rev Nutr 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Social and Decision Analytics, Biocomplexity Institute, University of Virginia, Arlington, Virginia 22209, USA; email:

The 1969 White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health had a significant influence on the direction of food and nutrition policy in the United States. The conference produced recommendations leading to federal legislation and programs to alleviate hunger and malnutrition, improve consumers' nutrition knowledge through education and labeling, and monitor the nutritional status of the population. Fifty years later, its legacy was revisited at a conference convened by Harvard University and Tufts University. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-nutr-121619-045319DOI Listing

Assessment of Cancer Care Costs in Disease-Specific Cancer Care Pathways.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jul 2;17(13). Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Unit of Biostatistic and Clinical Trials, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) IRCCS, 47014 Meldola, Italy.

In view of an efficient use of the Italian National Health Service-funded healthcare resources, a novel data-processing strategy combining information from multiple sources was developed in a regional cancer network of northern Italy. The goal was to calculate the annual overall cost of care pathways of six disease groups in 10,486 patients. The evaluation was conceived as a population-based cost description from the perspective of the Italian National Health Service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134765DOI Listing

The Impact of Regeneration and Climate Adaptations of Urban Green-Blue Assets on All-Cause Mortality: A 17-Year Longitudinal Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 25;17(12). Epub 2020 Jun 25.

School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, 70 Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK.

Urban waterways are underutilised assets, which can provide benefits ranging from climate-change mitigation and adaptation (e.g., reducing flood risks) to promoting health and well-being in urban settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124577DOI Listing

Exploiting the Biosynthetic Potency of Taxol from Fungal Endophytes of Conifers Plants; Genome Mining and Metabolic Manipulation.

Molecules 2020 Jun 30;25(13). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Infection and Immunology, Umeå University, SE-90185 Umeå, Sweden.

Endophytic fungi have been considered as a repertoire for bioactive secondary metabolites with potential application in medicine, agriculture and food industry. The biosynthetic pathways by fungal endophytes raise the argument of acquisition of these machineries of such complex metabolites from the plant host. Diterpenoids "Taxol" is the most effective anticancer drug with highest annual sale, since its discovery in 1970 from the Pacific yew tree, . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25133000DOI Listing

Online Simulation Model to Estimate the Total Costs of Tobacco Product Waste in Large U.S. Cities.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 30;17(13). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Cigarette Butt Pollution Project and School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA.

Tobacco product waste (TPW) is one of the most ubiquitous forms of litter, accumulating in large amounts on streets, highways, sidewalks, beaches, parks, and other public places, and flowing into storm water drains, waste treatment plants, and solid waste collection facilities. In this paper, we evaluate the direct and indirect costs associated with TPW in the 30 largest U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134705DOI Listing

High-Value Compounds in Fruit, Vegetable and Cereal Byproducts: An Overview of Potential Sustainable Reuse and Exploitation.

Molecules 2020 Jun 30;25(13). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Libera Università di Bolzano, 39100 Bolzano, Italy.

Food waste (FW) represents a global and ever-growing issue that is attracting more attention due to its environmental, ethical, social and economic implications. Although a valuable quantity of bioactive components is still present in the residuals, nowadays most FW is destined for animal feeding, landfill disposal, composting and incineration. Aiming to valorize and recycle food byproducts, the development of novel and sustainable strategies to reduce the annual food loss appears an urgent need. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25132987DOI Listing

[Analysis of comorbidity and polypharmacy in middle-aged and elderly patients].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jul;100(25):1983-1987

Gastroenterology Department of Second Medical Center, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

To investigate the characteristics of comorbidities and polypharmacy in middle-aged and elderly patients and assess the potential risk of drug-drug interactions. Retrospective analysis was carried out among the outpatients aged ≥45 years in the Second Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January to December 2016. The patient's comorbidities and polypharmacy were collected from the electronic medical records and annual physical examination reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20200403-01066DOI Listing

[Investigation on the awareness of snoring hazard and prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea among civil servants].

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2020 Jul;43(7):553-556

Sleep Center, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital/Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences/Guangdong Provincial Geriatrics Institute, Guangzhou 510080, China.

To investigate the awareness of snoring hazard and prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among civil servants. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the awareness of snoring hazards among in-service civil servants who had annual medical examination in a Guangdong provincial institution from September to November 2017. The high-risk group for OSA was screened and diagnosed by sleep monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112147-20191013-00682DOI Listing

Reporting data on pesticide residues in food and feed according to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 (2018 data collection).

EFSA J 2019 Apr 11;17(4):e05655. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

According to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 on maximum residue levels of pesticides in or on food and feed, Member States have to monitor pesticide residue levels in food samples and submit the monitoring results to EFSA and the European Commission. The Standard Sample Description (SSD, version 1) is the data model used for reporting the data on analytical measurements of chemical substances occurring in food, feed and water to EFSA. This document is a consolidated version of the past four years' guidance defining the appropriate SSD codes to describe the samples and the analytical results and it gives directions for the reporting of the pesticide residues monitoring data starting with the data generated in 2018 onwards. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7009033PMC

Annual post-market environmental monitoring report on the cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810 in 2016.

EFSA J 2018 May 25;16(5):e05287. Epub 2018 May 25.

Following a request from the European Commission, EFSA assessed the annual post-market environmental monitoring (PMEM) report for the 2016 growing season of the Cry1Ab-expressing maize event MON 810 provided by Monsanto Europe S.A. Partial compliance with refuge requirements was reported in Spain, as observed in previous years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7009447PMC

Peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance dimethenamid-P.

EFSA J 2018 Apr 12;16(4):e05211. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

The conclusions of EFSA following the peer review of the initial risk assessments carried out by the competent authorities of the rapporteur Member State Germany and co-rapporteur Member State Bulgaria for the pesticide active substance dimethenamid-P and the assessment of applications for maximum residue levels (MRLs) are reported. The context of the peer review was that required by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 844/2012. The conclusions were reached on the basis of the evaluation of the representative uses of dimethenamid-P as a herbicide on annual monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weeds in winter oilseed rape, maize, sweet corn, soya bean, sunflower and sugar beet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5211DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7009749PMC

Annual assessment of surveillance reports submitted in 2018 in the context of Commission Regulation (EU) No 1152/2011.

EFSA J 2018 Dec 7;16(12):e05486. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

This report is part of the ` surveillance' scientific reports which are presented annually by EFSA to the European Commission and are intended to assess the sampling strategy, data collection and detection methods used by Finland, Ireland, Malta, the United Kingdom (UK) and Norway in their respective surveillance programmes. The surveillance programmes of these five countries were evaluated by checking the information submitted by each of them and verifying that the technical requirements laid down in Regulation (EU) No 1152/2011 were complied. The information was divided in four different categories for assessment: the type and sensitivity of the detection method, the selection of the target population, the sampling strategy and the methodology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5486DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7009525PMC
December 2018

Reporting Avian Influenza surveillance.

EFSA J 2018 Nov 29;16(11):e05493. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Avian influenza viruses infect domestic poultry and wild birds as well as humans. In poultry, depending on whether these viruses are of high pathogenicity (HPAI) or low pathogenicity (LPAI), the infection can cause different clinical signs, with HPAI causing high mortality in poultry flocks. In order to ensure early detection of avian influenza viruses, surveillance in poultry and wild birds is considered essential. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7009584PMC
November 2018

Annual post-market environmental monitoring (PMEM) report on the cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810 in 2015 from Monsanto Europe S.A.

EFSA J 2017 May 8;15(5):e04805. Epub 2017 May 8.

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms of the European Food Safety Authority (GMO Panel) assessed the annual post-market environmental monitoring (PMEM) report for the 2015 growing season of the Cry1Ab-expressing maize event MON 810 provided by Monsanto Europe S.A. The GMO Panel concludes that the insect resistance monitoring data submitted to EFSA do not indicate a decrease in susceptibility of field Iberian populations of corn borers to the Cry1Ab protein during the 2015 season. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4805DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7009850PMC

EFSA Guidance Document for predicting environmental concentrations of active substances of plant protection products and transformation products of these active substances in soil: This guidance published on 19 October 2017 replaces the earlier version published on 28 April 2015.

Authors:

EFSA J 2017 Oct 19;15(10):e04982. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

This EFSA Guidance Document provides guidance for the exposure assessment of soil organisms to plant protection products (PPPs) and their transformation products in accordance with Regulation (EC) No. 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and the Council. This guidance was produced by EFSA in response to a question posed by the European Commission according to Article 31 of Regulation (EC) No. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4982DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7010114PMC
October 2017

Incidence of microplastics in personal care products: An appreciable part of plastic pollution.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 22;742:140218. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China. Electronic address:

Microplastic had been commonly used in personal care products (PCPs) until it was documented to be a pollutant. The relative contents of microplastics in PCPs decrease in the order of the USA, Europe, and Asia. The geometric means of the abundance and mass of microplastics found in PCPs were 2162 particles/g and 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140218DOI Listing

Rising temperature and its impact on receptivity to malaria transmission in Europe: A systematic review.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2020 Jul 3:101815. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

University of Zurich Centre for Travel Medicine, WHO Collaborating Centre for Travellers' Health, Department of Public and Global Health, MilMedBiol Competence Centre, Institute for Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: Malaria is one of the most life-threatening vector-borne diseases globally. Recent autochthonous cases registered in several European countries have raised awareness regarding the threat of malaria reintroduction to Europe. An increasing number of imported malaria cases today occur due to international travel and migrant flows from malaria-endemic countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101815DOI Listing

Early Indolent Course of Crohn's Disease in Newly Diagnosed Patients is Not Rare and Possibly Predictable.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

IBD Center, Division of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah-Tikva, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background & Aims: The early stages of Crohn's disease (CD) course are heterogeneous, and it is a challenge to predict the course of disease in patients with new diagnosis.

Methods: We performed an observational longitudinal study of 156 adults (79 male; median age, 27.7 years; 57 treatment naïve) with newly diagnosed CD (within 6 months of enrollment), referred from medical centers and community clinics in Israel from 2013 through 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2020.06.069DOI Listing

Patient-Reported Barriers are Associated with Receipt of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Surveillance in a Multi-Center Cohort of Patients with Cirrhosis.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness and Safety (IQuESt), Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, TX; Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Background: More than 20% of patients with cirrhosis do not receive semi-annual hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance as recommended. Few studies have evaluated the effects of patient-level factors on surveillance receipt.

Methods: We administered a telephone survey to a large cohort of patients with cirrhosis from 3 health systems (a tertiary care referral center, a safety-net health system, and Veterans Affairs) to characterize patient knowledge, attitudes, and perceived barriers of HCC surveillance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2020.06.049DOI Listing

Drugs that Regulate Local Cell Signaling: AKAP Targeting as a Therapeutic Option.

Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA; email:

Cells respond to environmental cues by mobilizing signal transduction cascades that engage protein kinases and phosphoprotein phosphatases. Correct organization of these enzymes in space and time enables the efficient and precise transmission of chemical signals. The cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A is compartmentalized through its association with A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-pharmtox-022420-112134DOI Listing

Shaping Organs: Shared Structural Principles Across Kingdoms.

Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Mechanobiology Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117411; email:

Development encapsulates the morphogenesis of an organism from a single fertilized cell to a functional adult. A critical part of development is the specification of organ forms. Beyond the molecular control of morphogenesis, shape in essence entails structural constraints and thus mechanics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-cellbio-012820-103850DOI Listing

Influences of nitrogen inputs on nematode populations under highbush blueberry.

J Nematol 2020 ;52:1-14

Centre de Recherche et d'Innovation sur les végétaux (CRIV), Dép. de Phytologie, Faculté des sciences de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation, Pavillon Envirotron, Université Laval, Québec G1V 0A6, Canada.

This study examined the effects of nitrogen fertilization on populations of , , and , and indices of free-living nematode community structure, in relation to highbush blueberry production in British Columbia, Canada. The field experiment was established in fall of 2008 with six replicate plots of each of four experimental N fertilization treatments: 0, 100, 150, and 200% of the annual application rate recommended for conventional blueberry production in the region. Nematode populations were quantified annually from 2009 through 2015, and then nematode populations and root biomass were quantified at seven sample dates from 2016 through 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2020-056DOI Listing
January 2020