148,830 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Organizational Psychology And Organizational Behavior[Journal]


A spatial Markovian framework for estimating regional and local dynamics of annual plants with dormancy.

Theor Popul Biol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

INRA UR 875 MIAT, Chemin de Borde Rouge, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France.

Many species have a dormant stage in their life cycle, including seeds for plants. The dormancy stage influences the species dynamics but is often undetectable. One way to include dormancy is to model it as a hidden dynamical state within a Markovian framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Temporal trends and differential patterns in the prevalence of severe anaemia in India: observations from country-wide haemoglobin determinations 2008 - 2018.

Authors:
Kaustubh Bora

Trop Med Int Health 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Haematology Division, Regional Medical Research Centre, N.E. Region (Indian Council of Medical Research), Dibrugarh, Assam, India.

Objectives: To assess temporal trends in the occurrence of severe anaemia in India over the past decade, encompassing every state and union territory.

Methods: For the period 2008-09 to 2017-18 annual estimates (%) of severe anaemia (haemoglobin <7 g/dL) for India were derived from Health Management Information System datasets, along with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to construct temporal trends. Differential patterns in the distribution of severe anaemia by geography, epidemiological transition level and socio-demographic index values were also investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13240DOI Listing

The cost of diabetic foot ulcers and amputations to the National Health Service in England.

Diabet Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK.

Aim: To estimate the healthcare costs of diabetic foot disease in England.

Methods: Patient-level data sets at a national and local level, and evidence from clinical studies, were used to estimate the annual cost of health care for foot ulceration and amputation in people with diabetes in England in 2014-2015.

Results: The cost of health care for ulceration and amputation in diabetes in 2014-2015 is estimated at between £837 million and £962 million; 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dme.13973DOI Listing

Sex allocation conflict and sexual selection throughout the lifespan of eusocial colonies.

Evolution 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Biophore, 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Models of sex allocation conflict are central to evolutionary biology but have mostly assumed static decisions, where resource allocation strategies are constant over colony lifespan. Here, we develop a model to study how the evolution of dynamic resource allocation strategies is affected by the queen-worker conflict in annual eusocial insects. We demonstrate that the time of dispersal of sexuals affects the sex allocation ratio through sexual selection on males. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evo.13746
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evo.13746DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Changes in income-related inequalities of depression prevalence in China: a longitudinal, population study.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.

Purpose: This study aimed to measure the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms and its trends among middle-aged and elderly people in China.

Methods: Data were extracted from the 2011 baseline and 2015 follow-up of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), a nationally representative survey for people aged 45 years and more. Depressive symptoms were evaluated with the Chinese version of the ten-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00127-019-01710-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01710-0DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Food insecurity and work impairment in people with severe mental disorders in a rural district of Ethiopia: a cross-sectional survey.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to identify factors associated with severe food insecurity and work impairment in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) in a rural African setting, with a view to identifying potential areas for intervention.

Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Sodo district, south central Ethiopia. Key informant-identified people with possible SMD were referred for assessment by trained primary care workers and received confirmatory psychiatric diagnoses from psychiatric nurses using a standardized clinical interview. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00127-019-01709-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01709-7DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and Incidence of Narcolepsy in a U.S. Health Care Claims Database, 2008-2010.

Sleep 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

University of South Florida, College of Public Health, Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tampa, FL.

Study Objectives: To determine the prevalence and incidence of narcolepsy using a large U.S. health care claims database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsz091DOI Listing

Lung cancer survival and comorbidities in lung cancer screening participants of the Gdańsk screening cohort.

Eur J Public Health 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.

Background: In 2010, the World Health Organisation recommended implementation of screening programmes in four groups of diseases-neoplasms, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is due to the fact that they share the same, modifiable risk factors.

Methods: Between 2009 and 2011, 8637 heavy smokers (aged 50-75, smoking history >20 pack-years) were screened in the Pomeranian Pilot Lung Cancer Screening Programme (PPP) in Gdańsk, Poland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz052DOI Listing

The Development of an Emergency Medicine Resident Research Program in the United States Military.

Mil Med 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Emergency Medicine, San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, 3551 Roger Brooke Dr, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA.

Introduction: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education stipulates that residents should participate in scholarly activity. As of 2019 that verbiage will be changed to, "Residents must participate in scholarship." However, scholarly activity is not clearly defined. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/milmed/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz071DOI Listing
April 2019
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An exploration of the disease burden due to Cryptosporidium in consumed surface water for sub-Saharan Africa.

Int J Hyg Environ Health 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Environmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, 6700, AA, Wageningen, the Netherlands.

The protozoan pathogen Cryptosporidium is an important cause of diarrhoeal disease, but in many contexts its burden remains uncertain. The Global Waterborne Pathogen model for Cryptosporidium (GloWPa-Crypto) predicts oocyst concentrations in surface water at 0.5 by 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Uncovering differences in interoperability across hospital size.

Healthc (Amst) 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 330 C St SW, Floor 7, Washington, DC, 20201, USA.

Background: Small hospitals significantly lag behind large hospitals in interoperable health information exchange. This analysis identifies factors that explain differences in interoperability between these hospital types. We place a particular emphasis on such factors as number of functionalities within electronic health record system (EHR), participation in regional and national networks, and adoption of a dominant EHR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hjdsi.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Scientific Publication Productivity of Emergency Physicians: A Bibliometric Analysis of the Last Decade.

J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Aksaray University Training and Research Hospital, Aksaray, Turkey.

Background: A significant increase has been observed in scientific research in emergency medicine in the past 10 years. However, the contribution of emergency physicians (EPs) to the emergency medicine literature is not known.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the contribution of EPs to the emergency medicine literature and their scientific publication productivity during a recent 10-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.03.021DOI Listing

Flow Restrictors and Reduction of Accidental Ingestions of Over-the-Counter Medications.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, Colorado; Inflexxion, Inc., Waltham, Massachusetts.

Introduction: Flow restrictors are child-resistant packaging innovations designed to limit the amount of liquid dispensed from a medication bottle. In 2011, flow restrictors were added to pediatric liquid single-ingredient acetaminophen formulations. The hypothesis of this study is that implementation would be associated with reduced volume and severity of pediatric acetaminophen exposures reported to the U. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.12.015DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

What's new in obstetric anesthesia in 2017?

Authors:
A S Habib

Int J Obstet Anesth 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address:

The Gerard W. Ostheimer lecture is delivered every year at the annual meeting of the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology. The lecture aims to provide the anesthesiologist who provides obstetric anesthesia care with a review of the most relevant articles that were published in the preceding calendar year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijoa.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The prevalence, characteristics, expenditure and predictors of complementary medicine use in Australians living with gastrointestinal disorders: A cross-sectional study.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 13;35:158-169. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

The University Sydney School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, 2006, NSW, Australia; The Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, 2007, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Aims: To determine the prevalence, characteristics, expenditure and predictors of complementary medicine (CM) use in Australian adults living with gastrointestinal disorders (GID).

Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 2,025 Australian adults was conducted. Participants were recruited through purposive convenience sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.02.008DOI Listing

The Gynecologic Health Consequences of Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in Military Servicewomen.

Semin Reprod Med 2018 Nov 19;36(6):340-350. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Clinical Investigation, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington.

is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the United States. Within the U.S. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1678752
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678752DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence and predictors for sustained remission in rheumatoid arthritis.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0214981. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Rheumatology, Hanyang University Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Seoul, South Korea.

Objective: Remission is a key goal in managing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with sustained remission as the preferred sequelae of short-term remission. However little is known about the predictors of sustained remission for patients reaching remission. Using two independent cohorts, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and predictors for sustained remission. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214981PLOS
April 2019
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Noninvasive sampling reveals short-term genetic rescue in an insular red fox population.

J Hered 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Mammalian Ecology and Conservation Unit, Veterinary Genetics Laboratory; Department of Population Health and Reproduction; School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA.

Genetic factors in the decline of small populations are extremely difficult to study in nature. We leveraged a natural experiment to investigate evidence of inbreeding depression and genetic rescue in a remnant population of subalpine-specialized Sierra Nevada red foxes (Vulpes vulpes necator) using noninvasive genetic monitoring during 2010-2017. Only 7 individuals were detected in the first 2 years. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jhered/advance-article/doi/10.1093/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esz024DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Age-Dependent Increase in Incidence of Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia, Denmark, 2008-2015.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May;25(5)

Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) is a major cause of illness and death worldwide. We analyzed temporal trends of SAB incidence and death in Denmark during 2008-2015. SAB incidence increased 48%, from 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.181733DOI Listing
May 2019
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A systematic follow-up protocol achieving a low hemodialysis graft thrombosis rate.

J Vasc Access 2019 Apr 19:1129729819838795. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

1 Department of Nephrology, Hospital Ruber Juan Bravo, Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Graft is an alternative to native arteriovenous fistula to ensure permanent vascular access in hemodialysis patients. The most common complication is significant stenosis, which frequently causes thrombosis and graft loss. Periodic monitoring and surveillance with elective correction of stenotic lesions can prolong graft survival. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1129729819838795
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1129729819838795DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Costs of irritable bowel syndrome in European countries with universal healthcare coverage: a meta-analysis.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019 Apr;23(7):2986-3000

Regional Healthcare Agency of Abruzzo, Pescara, Italy.

Objective: To provide an overall estimate of the direct, indirect and total costs of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) for the adult population of the European countries with universal healthcare coverage.

Materials And Methods: We searched MedLine and Scopus databases (up to September 2018) to identify the European studies that evaluated the economic impact of IBS. Mean annual direct, indirect and total per-capita IBS costs were estimated using random-effect single-group meta-analyses of continuous data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201904_17580DOI Listing

Cyclosporiasis Surveillance - United States, 2011-2015.

MMWR Surveill Summ 2019 Apr 19;68(3):1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, CDC.

Problem/condition: Cyclosporiasis is an intestinal illness caused by the parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis, which is transmissible by ingestion of fecally contaminated food or water. Cyclosporiasis is most common in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In the United States, foodborne outbreaks of cyclosporiasis have been linked to various types of imported fresh produce (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.ss6803a1DOI Listing

Contraception after pregnancy.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

University of Milan, Milano, Lombardia, Italy.

Whatever the outcome, pregnancy provides the opportunity to offer effective contraception to couples motivated to avoid another pregnancy. This narrative review summarises the evidence for health providers, drawing attention to current guidelines, on which contraceptive methods can be used, and when they should be started after pregnancy, whatever its outcome. Fertility returns within one month of the end of pregnancy unless breastfeeding occurs. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/aogs.13627
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13627DOI Listing
April 2019
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Precipitation and temperature drive continental-scale patterns in stream invertebrate production.

Sci Adv 2019 Apr 17;5(4):eaav2348. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Rd., Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK.

Secondary production, the growth of new heterotrophic biomass, is a key process in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems that has been carefully measured in many flowing water ecosystems. We combine structural equation modeling with the first worldwide dataset on annual secondary production of stream invertebrate communities to reveal core pathways linking air temperature and precipitation to secondary production. In the United States, where the most extensive set of secondary production estimates and covariate data were available, we show that precipitation-mediated, low-stream flow events have a strong negative effect on secondary production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav2348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469944PMC

Wood Growth in Pure and Mixed L. Forests: Drought Influence Depends on Site Conditions.

Front Plant Sci 2019 2;10:397. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Climate response of tree-species growth may be influenced by intra- and inter-specific interactions. The different physiological strategies of stress response and resource use among species may lead to different levels of competition and/or complementarity, likely changing in space and time according to climatic conditions. Investigating the drivers of inter- and intra-specific interactions under a changing climate is important when managing mixed and pure stands, especially in a climate change hot spot such as the Mediterranean basin. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2019.00397/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00397DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454142PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Flavonoid Glycosides and Hydroxycinnamic Acid Derivatives in Baby Leaf Rapeseed From White and Yellow Flowering Cultivars With Repeated Harvest in a 2-Years Field Study.

Front Plant Sci 2019 2;10:355. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Recently, new annual and biennial cultivars of rapeseed with white flowers have been introduced to the baby leaf market. The white flower trait has been bred into modern cultivars of yellow flowering rapeseed. In baby leaf production, it is common practice to perform several cuts of the same plants, thereby harvesting regrown material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454053PMC

Highly geographical specificity of metabolomic traits among Korean domestic soybeans (Glycine max).

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 13;120:12-18. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Bio and Fermentation Convergence Technology, BK21 Plus Program, Kookmin University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Classification and characterization of agricultural products at molecular levels are important but often impractical with genotyping, particularly for soybeans that have numerous types of variety and landraces. Alternatively, metabolic signature, a determinant for nutritional value, can be the good molecular indicator, which reflects cultivation region-dependent factors such as climate and soil. Accordingly, we analyzed the integrative metabolic profiles of Korean soybeans cultivated in 7 different provinces (representative production areas), and explored the potential association with geographic traits. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969193010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.021DOI Listing
June 2019
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Effect of ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on invasive pneumococcal disease and nasopharyngeal carriage in Kenya: a longitudinal surveillance study.

Lancet 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Epidemiology and Demography Department, KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine-Coast, Kilifi, Kenya; Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK; INDEPTH Network, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10), delivered at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age was introduced in Kenya in January, 2011, accompanied by a catch-up campaign in Kilifi County for children aged younger than 5 years. Coverage with at least two PCV10 doses in children aged 2-11 months was 80% in 2011 and 84% in 2016; coverage with at least one dose in children aged 12-59 months was 66% in 2011 and 87% in 2016. We aimed to assess PCV10 effect against nasopharyngeal carriage and invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children and adults in Kilifi County. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)33005-8DOI Listing

Sustaining pneumococcal vaccination after transitioning from Gavi support: a modelling and cost-effectiveness study in Kenya.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 May;7(5):e644-e654

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: In 2009, Gavi, the World Bank, and donors launched the pneumococcal Advance Market Commitment, which helped countries access more affordable pneumococcal vaccines. As many low-income countries begin to reach the threshold at which countries transition from Gavi support to self-financing (3-year average gross national income per capita of US$1580), they will need to consider whether to continue pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) use at full cost or to discontinue PCV in their childhood immunisation programmes. Using Kenya as a case study, we assessed the incremental cost-effectiveness of continuing PCV use. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2214109X183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30562-XDOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Reducing the cardiovascular disease burden for people of all ages in the Americas region: analysis of mortality data, 2000-15.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 May;7(5):e604-e612

Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: In accordance with the age parameters specified in Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4, current policy and monitoring of non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality trends focus on people aged 30-69 years. This approach excludes the majority of NCD deaths, which occur at older ages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30069-5DOI Listing

Surgeon eye lens dose monitoring in catheterization lab: A multi-center survey: Invited for ECMP 2018 Focus Issue.

Phys Med 2019 Apr 4;60:127-131. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Medical Physics Unit, Firenze, Italy.

Purpose: To perform a multi-centre survey on the eye lens equivalent dose absorbed by primary interventionalist during catheterization procedures, using a personal dosimeter placed close to the eye lens.

Methods: 15 different cardiologists working in 3 different centers, for a total of 5 operating rooms were enrolled. All of them were provided with a single thermoluminescent dosimeter positioned on the inner side of the temples of eyeglasses. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S11201797193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2019.03.027DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: Long-Term Observational Study.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2019 Apr;73(15):1948-1957

AP-HP, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Département de Génétique, Centre de Référence des Maladies Vasculaires Rares, Paris, France; INSERM, U 970, Paris Centre de Recherche Cardiovasculaire-PARCC, Paris, France; Université Paris Sorbonne Cité, Faculté de Médecine Paris Descartes, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare genetic connective tissue disorder secondary to pathogenic variants within the COL3A1 gene, resulting in exceptional arterial and organ fragility and premature death. The only published clinical trial to date demonstrated the benefit of celiprolol on arterial morbimortality.

Objectives: The authors herein describe the outcomes of a large cohort of vEDS patients followed ≤17 years in a single national referral center. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07351097193369
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.01.058DOI Listing
April 2019
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2019 Annual Session Semifinalists? Research Abstracts.

Authors:

Pediatr Dent 2019 Mar;41(2):152-156

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Invasive Salmonella infections among children in Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo: a 6-year retrospective review.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Apr 18;19(1):330. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute of Health and Community Medicine, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Background: Invasive Salmonella infections result in significant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In Asia, typhoid and paratyphoid fever are reported to be the major invasive Salmonella infections, while invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) infections are believed to be uncommon. Data from Sarawak, in Malaysian Borneo, are limited. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3963-xDOI Listing
April 2019
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The impact of the adoption of a patient rostering model on primary care access and continuity of care in urban family practices in Ontario, Canada.

BMC Fam Pract 2019 Apr 18;20(1):52. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Queen's University, 62 Fifth Field Company Lane, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada.

Background: Greater continuity and access to primary care results in improved patient health, satisfaction, and reduced healthcare costs. Although patient rostering is considered to be a cornerstone of a high performing primary care system and is believed to improve continuity and access, few studies have examined these relationships. This study examined the impact of the adoption of a patient rostering enhanced fee-for-service model (eFFS) on continuity, coordination of specialized care, and access. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12875-019-0942-7DOI Listing

APBioNet's annual International Conference on Bioinformatics (InCoB) returns to India in 2018.

BMC Genomics 2019 Apr 18;19(Suppl 9):266. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Molecular Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109, Australia.

InCoB, one of the largest annual bioinformatics conferences in the Asia-Pacific region since its launch in 2002, returned to New Delhi, India after 12 years, with a conference attendance of 314 delegates. The 2018 conference had sessions on Big Data and Algorithms, Next Generation Sequencing and Omics Science, Structure, Function and Interactions, Disease and Drug Discovery and Plant and Agricultural Bioinformatics. The conference also featured an industry track as well as panel discussions on Women in Bioinformatics and Democratization vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-5582-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Long-term safety and efficacy of combined percutaneous LAA and PFO/ASD closure: a single-center experience (LAAC combined PFO/ASD closure).

Expert Rev Med Devices 2019 Apr 19:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

b Department of Cardiology , Helmut-G.-Walther-Klinikum , Lichtenfels , Germany.

Objectives: To report long-term safety and efficacy of combined percutaneous LAA and PFO/ASD closure.

Methods: A retrospective study of 370 consecutive patients undergoing LAAC procedures using the Watchman (WM) device. Data were compared between 330 cases only with LAAC procedure (Group I) and 25/5 (PFO/ASD) cases with sequential procedures of LAAC and PFO/ASD closure (Group II). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17434440.2019.1604216DOI Listing

Non-conventional compounds with potential therapeutic effects against Alzheimer's disease.

Expert Rev Neurother 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a Laboratory of Molecular Modeling, Department of Chemistry , Federal University of Lavras , Lavras/MG , 37200-000 , Brazil.

Introduction: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Clinical progress in this pathogenesis field has drawn the attention of researchers, stimulating the investigation of novel treatment methods. Current therapies that deal with cholinesterase inhibitors and/or NMDA antagonists have shown a modest symptomatic potential, increasing the need for research into more efficient therapeutics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737175.2019.1608823DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Modeling the Impact of an Indoor Air Filter on Air Pollution Exposure Reduction and Associated Mortality in Urban Delhi Household.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Indoor exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) is a prominent health concern. However, few studies have examined the effectiveness of long-term use of indoor air filters for reduction of PM exposure and associated decrease in adverse health impacts in urban India. We conducted 20 simulations of yearlong personal exposure to PM in urban Delhi using the National Institute of Standards and Technology's CONTAM program (NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA). Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/8/1391
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081391DOI Listing
April 2019
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Temporal and Cartographic Analyses of the Distribution within Spain of Mortality Due to Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (1984⁻2016).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute of Rare Diseases Research (IIER), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain.

The aim is to conduct a descriptive, population-based study in order to assess temporal and spatial changes in mortality due to granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in Spain from 1984 to 2016. Mortality data were obtained from the Spanish Annual Death Registry. Deaths in which GPA was the underlying cause were selected using the 446. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081388DOI Listing

Land cover change explains the increasing discharge of the Paraná River.

Reg Environ Change 2018 9;18(6):1871-1881. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

1Sustainability Science Program, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA USA.

Over the past 40 years, the discharge in South America's Paraná River basin has increased despite no evidence of significant rainfall increases in the basin. In this analysis, we show that the observed multi-decadal increase in discharge can be explained by concomitant changes in land cover that have occurred within the basin during this period. Our analysis also indicates that the peak discharge timing may have shifted concurrently from January/February in the 1970s to March in more recent decades. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10113-018-1321-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10113-018-1321-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434983PMC
April 2018
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Multimorbidity in Asthma, Allergic Conditions and COPD Increase Disease Severity, Drug Use and Costs: The Finnish Pharmacy Survey.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2019 Apr 18:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Asthma, allergic conditions, and COPD overlap, but the effect of them and their combinations on disease severity, need for drugs, use of healthcare, and costs is poorly known.

Objective: To study how different allergic diseases co-occur in asthma and allergy patients and evaluate the use of medication well as drug and healthcare costs.

Methods: Nationwide Allergy Barometer Survey was carried out in the Finnish pharmacies during 1 week in September 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000498861DOI Listing
April 2019
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Overview of bioremediation with technology assessment and emphasis on fungal bioremediation of oil contaminated soils.

J Environ Manage 2019 Apr 15;241:156-166. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

PROFNIT - Professional Post-Graduate Program in Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer for Innovation, Federal University of Bahia, Campus de Ondina, R. Barão de Jeremoabo, 147, Ondina, Salvador, BA, 40170-115, Brazil; José de Anchieta College, Av. João Durval Carneiro, n. 3039, São João, Feira de Santana, BA, 44051-605, Brazil. Electronic address:

Environmental contamination is a problem that requires sustainable solutions. Bioremediation technologies have been developed in the last decades and are increasingly used to mitigate environmental accidents and systematic contaminations. A review of bioremediation technologies, based on published article and patent documents, is presented for different types of contaminated matrices, bioremediation agents and contaminants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.04.019DOI Listing

Degradation of brominated polymeric flame retardants and effects of generated decomposition products.

Chemosphere 2019 Apr 8;227:329-333. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Aquatic Ecology and Centre for Water and Environmental Research (ZWU), University Duisburg-Essen, 45141, Essen, Germany.

Brominated flame retardants are often associated with adverse environmental effects. Nevertheless, these chemicals are required in order to comply with fire safety standards. Therefore, a better environmental profile is desirable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.052DOI Listing

An integrated statistical and deterministic hydrologic model for analyzing trace organic contaminants in commercial and high-density residential stormwater runoff.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 6;673:656-667. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

United States Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, 8505 Research Way, Middleton, WI 53562, USA.

Urbanization can dramatically alter stormwater, both the quantity and quality, by engendering larger peak flows and through the introduction of contaminants into runoff. The current study builds on previous research that developed relationships between a suite of nonpoint source contaminants, known as trace organic contaminants (TOrCs), and hydrologic measurements for a series of storms (one site had 15 storms and the other had 19 storms) in Madison, WI, by creating statistical and deterministic models. Correlations and regressions were calculated between TOrC loads and hydrologic measurements for a series of storms for both a commercial site and a high-density residential site. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193132
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.327DOI Listing
April 2019
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Influence of cultivar, irrigation, ripening stage, and annual variability on the oxidant/antioxidant systems of olives as determined by MDS-PTA.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215540. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Plant Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (Research Group FBCMP), Extremadura University, Badajoz, Spain.

The phenolic composition and content of olive fruit are some of the attributes that determine oil quality. This composition depends on the olive variety, the cultivation system, and the fruit's ripeness. This study considered two olive varieties (Manzanilla and Morisca), under two water regimes (irrigated and rainfed), harvested at three stages of maturation (S1, S2, and S3), over three consecutive campaigns (2011, 2012, and 2013). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215540PLOS