4 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Linguistics[Journal]

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Linguistic Aspects of Primary Progressive Aphasia.

Authors:
Murray Grossman

Annu Rev Linguist 2018 20;4:377-403. Epub 2017 Oct 20.

Penn Frontotemporal Degeneration Center and Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104.

Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) refers to a disorder of declining language associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as frontotemporal degeneration and Alzheimer disease. Variants of PPA are important to recognize from a medical perspective because these syndromes are clinical markers suggesting specific underlying pathology. In this review, I discuss linguistic aspects of PPA syndromes that may prove informative for parsing our language mechanism and identifying the neural representation of fundamental elements of language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-linguistics-011516-034253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6089544PMC
October 2017
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Language Emergence.

Annu Rev Linguist 2017 ;3:363-388

Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637.

Language emergence describes moments in historical time when nonlinguistic systems become linguistic. Because language can be invented de novo in the manual modality, this offers insight into the emergence of language in ways that the oral modality cannot. Here we focus on homesign, gestures developed by deaf individuals who cannot acquire spoken language and have not been exposed to sign language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-linguistics-011415-040743DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5638453PMC
January 2017
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Language and Speech in Autism.

Annu Rev Linguist 2016 Jan 4;2:413-425. Epub 2015 Nov 4.

Department of Special Education, National Louis University, Chicago, Illinois 60603.

Autism is a developmental disability characterized by atypical social interaction, interests or body movements, and communication. Our review examines the empirical status of three communication phenomena believed to be unique to autism: pronoun reversal (using the pronoun when the pronoun is intended, and vice versa), echolalia (repeating what someone has said), and a reduced or even reversed production-comprehension lag (a reduction or reversal of the well-established finding that speakers produce less sophisticated language than they can comprehend). Each of these three phenomena has been claimed to be unique to autism; therefore, each has been proposed to be diagnostic of autism, and each has been interpreted in autism-centric ways (psychoanalytic interpretations of pronoun reversal, behaviorist interpretations of echolalia, and clinical lore about the production-comprehension lag). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-linguist-030514-124824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5260808PMC
January 2016

Bilingualism, Mind, and Brain.

Annu Rev Linguist 2015 13;1:377-394. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

Department of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese, Program in Linguistics, Center for Language Science, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802.

The use of two or more languages is common in most of the world. Yet, until recently, bilingualism was considered to be a complicating factor for language processing, cognition, and the brain. The past 20 years have witnessed an upsurge of research on bilingualism to examine language acquisition and processing, their cognitive and neural bases, and the consequences that bilingualism holds for cognition and the brain over the life span. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-linguist-030514-124937DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5478196PMC
August 2014
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