187,514 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Information Science And Technology[Journal]

Assessing the impact of selective licencing schemes for private rental housing on mental health and well-being: protocol for a mixed-method natural experiment study in Greater London, UK.

BMJ Open 2022 May 27;12(5):e057711. Epub 2022 May 27.

Public Health, Environments & Society, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Introduction: The UK private rental housing market has poorer quality housing compared with other sectors and is subjected to calls for better regulation. Poor quality housing poses risks to mental and physical health, and housing improvement can potentially benefit health and well-being. Local authorities have powers to implement selective licencing (SL) schemes in specific localities. Read More

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Arctic atmospheric mercury: Sources and changes.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 24:156213. Epub 2022 May 24.

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Via E. Fermi 2749 (T.P. 123), I-21027 Ispra, VA, Italy.

Global anthropogenic and legacy mercury (Hg) emissions are the main sources of Arctic Hg contamination, primarily transported there via the atmosphere. This review summarizes the state of knowledge of the global anthropogenic sources of Hg emissions, and examines recent changes and source attribution of Hg transport and deposition to the Arctic using models. Estimated global anthropogenic Hg emissions to the atmosphere for 2015 were ~2220 Mg, ~20% higher than 2010. Read More

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Infodemiology of autoimmune encephalitis, autoimmune seizures, and autoimmune epilepsy: An analysis of online search behavior using Google Trends.

Epilepsy Behav 2022 May 24;132:108730. Epub 2022 May 24.

Division of Adult Neurology, Department of Neurosciences, College of Medicine and Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines; Department of Clinical Epidemiology, College of Medicine, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines; Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Patients and their caregivers, including clinicians and educators, use web-based search engines to access healthcare-related information from the internet. Online search behavior analysis has been used to obtain insights on health information demand.

Objectives: We aimed to describe the online search behavior for autoimmune encephalitis, autoimmune seizures, and autoimmune encephalitis (AE) worldwide over time through the analysis of search volumes made on Google. Read More

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Influence of natural and anthropogenic controls on runoff in the Keriya River, central Tarim Basin, China.

PLoS One 2022 27;17(5):e0269132. Epub 2022 May 27.

Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology Ministry of Education, Xinjiang University, Urumqi, China.

The potential impact of natural factors on the runoff of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES) has been largely ignored in the Tarim Basin, China. A representative example is the Keriya River. To quantify the long-term dynamic variations in lower reach surface runoff of IRES, river length, defined as the distance between a selected fix point along the perennial river segment to its dynamic, ephemeral end, was used as an indicator. Read More

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Effect of Non-Genetic Factors on Reproduction of Extensive versus Intensive Florida Dairy Goats.

Vet Sci 2022 Apr 30;9(5). Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Animal Production, International Agrifood Campus of Excellence (ceiA3), Campus de Rabanales, University of Cordoba (UCO), 14071 Córdoba, Spain.

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the production system and other environmental/phenotype factors on age at first kidding (AFK), kidding interval (KI) and prolificacy of 19,772 Florida goats reared between 2000 and 2019 on 49 dairy farms (38 farms intensively managed and 11 extensively managed with grazing). AFK was lower on intensive (490.2 ± 0. Read More

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Τhe Effect of Opioid Administration on Cytologic and Histopathologic Diagnosis of Canine Cutaneous Mast Cell Tumors Treated by Surgical Excision.

Vet Sci 2022 Apr 22;9(5). Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Laboratory of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Mast cell tumor (MCT) is a frequent cutaneous tumor in dogs, with a variable biological behavior. Studies correlate cytologic and histopathologic features of MCTs with their biological behavior, prognosis, and response to treatment. The use of preoperative opioids is common in canine patients undergoing surgical removal of these tumors. Read More

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2.5 Million Annual Deaths-Are Neonates in Low- and Middle-Income Countries Too Small to Be Seen? A Bottom-Up Overview on Neonatal Morbi-Mortality.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2022 Apr 21;7(5). Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Neonatal Division, Geneva University Hospitals, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland.

(1) Background: Every year, 2.5 million neonates die, mostly in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), in total disregard of their fundamental human rights. Many of these deaths are preventable. Read More

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Drinking Water Disinfection Byproducts, Ingested Nitrate, and Risk of Endometrial Cancer in Postmenopausal Women.

Environ Health Perspect 2022 May 27;130(5):57012. Epub 2022 May 27.

Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics (DCEG), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Background: Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and -nitroso compounds (NOC), formed endogenously after nitrate ingestion, are suspected endometrial carcinogens, but epidemiological studies are limited.

Objectives: We investigated the relationship of these exposures with endometrial cancer risk in a large prospective cohort.

Methods: Among postmenopausal women in the Iowa Women's Health Study cohort, we evaluated two major classes of DBPs, total trihalomethanes (TTHM) and five haloacetic acids (HAA5), and nitrate-nitrogen () in public water supplies (PWS) in relation to incident primary endometrial cancer (1986-2014). Read More

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The Impact of Surgical Volume on Perioperative Safety After Urethroplasty: a population-based study.

Minerva Urol Nephrol 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Unit of Urology, Urological Research Institute (URI), IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Vita-Salute San Raffaele, University, Milan, Italy.

Background: To assess whether the risk of perioperative complications after urethroplasty is affected by hospital annual surgical volume (ASV).

Methods: In the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we searched for patients who underwent urethroplasty between 2001 and 2015. Hospitals were categorized into empirically determined tertiles, according to ASV of performed urethroplasties and divided into low (< 3) (LVC), intermediate (3-19) (IVC) and high (> 20) volume centers (HVC). Read More

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The Effect of Surgeon Volume on the Outcome of Laser Vaporization: A Single-Center Retrospective Study.

Curr Oncol 2022 May 23;29(5):3770-3779. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Gynecology, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka 541-8567, Japan.

Although laser vaporization is a popular minimally invasive treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), factors influencing CIN recurrence are understudied. Moreover, the effect of surgeon volume on patients' prognosis after laser vaporization for CIN is unknown. This single-center retrospective study evaluated the predictive value of surgeon volume and patient characteristics for laser vaporization outcomes in women with pathologically confirmed CIN2. Read More

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Cancer Premature Mortality Costs in Europe in 2020: A Comparison of the Human Capital Approach and the Friction Cost Approach.

Curr Oncol 2022 May 13;29(5):3552-3564. Epub 2022 May 13.

International Agency for Research on Cancer, 69372 Lyon, France.

The inclusion of productivity costs can affect the outcome of cost-effectiveness analyses. We estimated the value of cancer premature mortality productivity costs for Europe in 2020 using the Human Capital Approach (HCA) and compared these to the Friction Cost Approach (FCA). Cancer mortality data were obtained from GLOBOCAN 2020 by sex and five-year age groups. Read More

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Development, Characterization and Optimization of the Anti-Inflammatory Influence of Meloxicam Loaded into a Eucalyptus Oil-Based Nanoemulgel.

Gels 2022 Apr 22;8(5). Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Clinical Pharmacy, King Faisal University, Alhofuf 31982, Saudi Arabia.

The purpose of the present study was to explore the influence of a certain natural essential oil, namely eucalyptus oil, as an anti-inflammatory agent in addition to its prospective role in enhancing the action of meloxicam in reducing inflammation. As far as we know, this has been the first integration of meloxicam and eucalyptus essential oil into a nanoemulgel formulation intended for topical use. Primarily, eucalyptus oil was utilized in developing a nanoemulsion formulation incorporating meloxicam. Read More

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Evaluation of influenza vaccination coverage in Shanghai city during the 2016/17 to 2020/21 influenza seasons.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2022 May 27:2075211. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Immunization Program, Shanghai Municipal Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, Shanghai, China.

Influenza is a common infectious disease resulting in substantial morbidity and mortality globally. The most effective strategy for preventing influenza is annual vaccination; however, the coverage rate of the influenza vaccine in Shanghai has not been well explored or reported. Therefore, this study aimed to determine coverage with the influenza vaccine and access trends in Shanghai city; data from Shanghai immunization information system was analyzed to estimate vaccination coverage during 2016-2017 through 2020-2021 influenza seasons. Read More

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Micro-cost analysis of single-use vs. reusable cystoscopy in a single-payer healthcare system.

Can Urol Assoc J 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Introduction: Single-use flexible diagnostic cystoscopy has recently been developed with comparable functionality to reusable cystoscopes. Prior studies have demonstrated considerable upfront costs of reusable cystoscopy. The objective of this study was to compare costs of reusable cystoscopy to single-use cystoscopy in a single-payer, socialized healthcare system. Read More

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Outcomes and predictive value of the 2MACE score in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with rivaroxaban in a prospective, multicenter observational study: The EMIR study.

Cardiol J 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Cardiology, Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, IMIB-Arrixaca, University of Murcia, CIBERCV, Murcia, Spain.

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of the 2MACE in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with rivaroxaban and to improve the accuracy of 2MACE.

Methods: This was a post-authorization and observational study of AF adults treated with rivaroxaban for ≥ 6 months. The primary endpoint was any of the major adverse cardiac events (MACE), namely, cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and myocardial revascularization. Read More

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Clinical and Cost Burden of Primary Sjögren's Syndrome: Descriptive Analysis Using a US Administrative Claims Database.

J Health Econ Outcomes Res 2018 22;5(2):150-161. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

GSK, King of Prussia, PA, USA.

Current knowledge of the disease burden of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is limited. The primary objective of this study was to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with pSS. The secondary objective was to describe the treatment patterns and healthcare resource utilization of patients with pSS. Read More

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February 2018

Delays Growth and Accelerates Senescence Response to Low Nitrogen Stress in .

Front Plant Sci 2022 10;13:880095. Epub 2022 May 10.

Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology of Ministry of Education, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

For tea plants, nitrogen (N) is a foundational element and large quantities of N are required during periods of roundly vigorous growth. However, the fluctuation of N in the tea garden could not always meet the dynamic demand of the tea plants. Autophagy, an intracellular degradation process for materials recycling in eukaryotes, plays an important role in nutrient remobilization upon stressful conditions and leaf senescence. Read More

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The Association Between the Frequency of Annual Health Checks Participation and the Control of Cardiovascular Risk Factors.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 10;9:860503. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Cardiology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: General health checks can help in controlling cardiovascular risk factors. However, few studies have investigated whether regular participation in annual health checks could further improve the control of cardiovascular risk factors compared with intermittent participation. Therefore, our study aimed to explore the association between the frequency of annual health check participation and the control of cardiovascular risk factors. Read More

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Year-round at-sea movements of fairy prions from southeastern Australia.

R Soc Open Sci 2022 May 24;9(5):220134. Epub 2022 May 24.

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia.

Effective conservation assessments require detailed information of species' ecological niches during the whole annual cycle. For seabirds, this implies investigating the at-sea distribution and foraging behaviour during both the breeding and non-breeding periods. However, until recently, collecting information about small species has been precluded by the excessive size of the required devices. Read More

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An Examination of Seasonal Trends in Delaware Drug Overdoses, 2016-2020.

Dela J Public Health 2021 Dec 15;7(5):44-51. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Department of Sociology & Criminal Justice, University of Delaware.

Objective: To examine whether overdose deaths and related metrics-overdose calls for service to police and non-fatal overdose emergency department visits-in Delaware follow within-year (i.e., seasonal) patterns during the most recent years of the opioid epidemic (2016-2020). Read More

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December 2021

Rice Drought Damage Assessment Using AMSR-E Data Inversion of Surface Temperature.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 17;2022:4117481. Epub 2022 May 17.

Jiangjin Meteorologica Administration, Jiangjin, Chongqing 402260, China.

The extreme drought events caused by global warming have become one of the major issues of general concern all over the world. It is estimated that over the past 50 years, the average annual drought-affected area has reached more than 200,000 km, resulting in a global economic loss of US$6-8 billion, far exceeding other meteorological disasters. Therefore, conducting real-time and effective drought monitoring research is of great significance for issues such as climate change, drought defense, water resources management, and protection in various regions. Read More

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Space-Time Distribution Characteristics of Tuberculosis and Its Socioeconomic Factors in Southern China from 2015 to 2019.

Infect Drug Resist 2022 20;15:2603-2616. Epub 2022 May 20.

Guangxi Key Laboratory of Major Infectious Disease Prevention and Control and Biosafety Emergency Response, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 530028, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Guangxi is a high prevalence area of tuberculosis (TB) in China, urgent needing of further TB reduction. Our purpose is to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of TB in Guangxi and analyze the relationship between socioeconomic factors and TB from the dimensions of time and space to provide evidence to effectively prevent and control TB.

Patients And Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the epidemiology of TB. Read More

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Spatiotemporal characteristics and drivers of Chinese urban total noise pollution from 2007 to 2019.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

College of Architecture, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, 030024, China.

Noise pollution as a result of urbanization and socioeconomic development threatens human health and has become a major environmental problem worldwide, particularly for urban residents. Based on observed equivalent noise data of 113 major Chinese cities, a Bayesian spatiotemporal hierarchy model (BSTHM) was employed to investigate the spatiotemporal characteristics of urban noise pollution in China from 2007 to 2019. Meanwhile, the BART model was adopted to explore the drivers of urban noise pollution. Read More

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Assessment of groundwater vulnerability in an urban area: a comparative study based on DRASTIC, EBF, and LR models.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Groundwater Resources Directorate, National Water Affairs Regulation Authority, Kabul, Afghanistan.

The groundwater vulnerability assessment is known as a useful tool for predicting and prevention of groundwater pollution. This study targets the DRASTIC, evidential belief function (EBF), and logistic regression (LR) models to assess vulnerability in Kabul aquifers, Afghanistan Country. The growth of urban sprawl, groundwater overexploitation, and lack of suitable municipal sewage systems as anthropogenic sources have been the main potential to increase groundwater contaminants such as nitrate in the study area. Read More

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Does timing of IVC filter placement in bariatric surgery patients impact perioperative outcomes?

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Division of Health Care Delivery Research, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Rd S, Jacksonville, FL, 32224, USA.

Purpose: Metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) remains a safe and effective treatment for morbid obesity with a low-risk profile. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains the most common cause of mortality. There is increasing consensus that inferior vena cava (IVC) filter use is associated with more harm than benefit. Read More

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Characteristics of pediatric non-cardiac eCPR programs in United States and Canadian hospitals: A cross-sectional survey.

J Pediatr Surg 2022 May 4. Epub 2022 May 4.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, 4800 Sand Point Way NE, OA.9.220, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To characterize practices surrounding pediatric eCPR in the U.S. and Canada. Read More

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Increased risk of incident knee osteoarthritis in those with greater work-related physical activity.

Occup Environ Med 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objective: Occupations involving greater physical activity may increase risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Existing studies have not evaluated work-related physical activity before OA onset. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the association between work-related physical activity and knee OA incidence. Read More

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Prevalence and identification of antibiotic-resistant scarlet fever group A Streptococcus strains in some pediatric cases at Shenzhen, China.

J Glob Antimicrob Resist 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Division of Laboratory Medicine, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510080, China; Medical Technology School of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou Key Laboratory of Laboratory Diagnostics, Xuzhou 221004, China. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the annual incidence, molecular epidemiological characteristics, and antimicrobial resistance of group A Streptococcus (GAS) clinical isolates from pediatric patients at Shenzhen Children's Hospital during 2016-2020.

Methods: Clinical samples were collected from pediatric patients with a suspected diagnosis of GAS infections. We studied the annual incidence and characteristics of GAS infections using the GAS antigen detection method. Read More

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Response of cbbL-harboring microorganisms to precipitation changes in a naturally-restored grassland.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 23:156191. Epub 2022 May 23.

State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China; State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Science and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, China. Electronic address:

The impact of the long-term uneven precipitation distribution model on the diversity and community composition of soil C-fixing microorganisms in arid and semiarid grasslands remains unclear. In 2015, we randomly set up five experimental plots with precipitation gradients on the natural restoration grassland of the Loess Plateau (natural precipitation, NP; ± 40% natural precipitation: decreased precipitation (DP), DP40; increased precipitation (IP), IP40; ± 80% natural precipitation: DP80; IP80). In the third and fifth years after the experimental layout (spanned two years), we explored the cbbL-genes, which are functional genes in the Calvin cycle, harboring microbial diversity and community composition under different precipitation treatments. Read More

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