162,472 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Financial Economics[Journal]


Cost-Effectiveness of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Children with Cardiac Conditions Associated with Risk for Sudden Cardiac Death.

Pediatr Cardiol 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Oregon Health and Science University, Doernbecher Children's Hospital, Portland, OR, USA.

Children at high risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD) receive implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) for prevention, but the cost effectiveness of ICDs in children at intermediate risk is unclear. Our objective was to create a cost-effectiveness model to compare costs and outcomes in children at risk of SCD, with and without ICD. Utilizing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy as the proxy disease, a theoretical cohort of 8150 children was followed for 69 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-020-02395-yDOI Listing

Parent- and Child-Factors in Specific Phobias: The Interplay of Overprotection and Negative Affectivity.

J Abnorm Child Psychol 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Child Study Center, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA.

Specific phobias are among the most prevalent anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Although brief and intensive treatments are evidence-based interventions (Davis III et al. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15, 233-256, 2019), up to one-third of youth do not show significant change in their symptoms following these interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-020-00662-3DOI Listing

Shoulder injuries associated with handling luggage presenting to U.S. emergency departments: 2003-2017.

Work 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Demand for travel for both work and leisure continues to rise in the U.S. However, handling luggage subjects the shoulder to excessive physical loads. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-203202DOI Listing

Real-time conflict-based Bayesian Tobit models for safety evaluation of signalized intersections.

Accid Anal Prev 2020 Jul 2;144:105660. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Civil Engineering, University of British Columbia, 6250 Applied Science Lane, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada. Electronic address:

The safety of signalized intersections has traditionally been evaluated at an aggregate level by relating historical collision records for several years to the annual traffic volume and the geometric characteristics of the intersection. This is a reactive and macroscopic approach that gives little insight into how important dynamic signal cycle-related variables can affect intersection safety such as the arrival type and the shock wave characteristics. The objective of this study is to develop traffic conflict-based real-time safety models for signalized intersections using several state-of-the-art techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2020.105660DOI Listing

Leading in Complex Organizations: Proceedings of the Association of Anesthesia Clinical Directors (AACD) Annual Perioperative Summit, 2020.

J Clin Anesth 2020 Jul 2;66:109965. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care, Medical Director of Perioperative Services, UC Irvine Health, 101 The City Dr S, Orange, CA 92868, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinane.2020.109965DOI Listing

Health and economic impacts of air pollution induced by weather extremes over the continental U.S.

Environ Int 2020 Jul 2;143:105921. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.

Extreme weather events may enhance ozone (O) and fine particulate matter (PM) pollution, causing additional adverse health effects. This work aims to evaluate the health and associated economic impacts of changes in air quality induced by heat wave, stagnation, and compound extremes under the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5 and 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105921DOI Listing

Effect of temperature on phosphorus flux from anoxic western Lake Erie sediments.

Water Res 2020 Jun 8;182:116022. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

University of Toledo, 2801 W. Bancroft, Toledo, OH, 43606, United States.

The western basin of Lake Erie experiences annual Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), which degrade water quality, threaten drinking water supplies, and deter recreation. The size of HABs in Lake Erie is highly correlated with the external loading of phosphorus (P) from a major tributary, the Maumee River, during spring and summer months. Because HAB size is largely explained by external loading, the contribution of P from lake sediments (internal loading) is considered to be minimal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.116022DOI Listing

Climate change impact assessment on the hydrology of a large river basin in Ethiopia using a local-scale climate modelling approach.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 28;742:140504. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

United Nations University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES), Dresden, Germany; Global Change Research Institute CAS, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic.

Local-scale climate change adaptation is receiving more attention to reduce the adverse effects of climate change. The process of developing adaptation measures at local-scale (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140504DOI Listing

Practice Patterns in the Use of Completion Imaging after Carotid Endarterectomy.

J Vasc Surg 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA. Electronic address:

Background: The use of intraoperative completion imaging (CI) (completion carotid duplex or angiography) to confirm the technical adequacy of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) remains a matter of controversy. The purpose of this study is to describe vascular surgeons' practice patterns in the use of CI after CEA, and to study the association between CI and postoperative stroke/death and high-grade restenosis (>70%).

Methods: Patients who underwent CEA without concomitant procedures in the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) database between 2003 and 2018 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2020.05.075DOI Listing

Thoracoscopic Left Atrial Appendage Excision plus Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation to Prevent Stroke.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China. Electronic address:

Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with a previous stroke are often at a high risk of recurrent stroke and bleeding. Anticoagulation therapy in such patients is a challenging dilemma. Thoracoscopic left atrial appendage excision (LAAE) plus AF ablation is an interventional approach offered to some AF patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2020.06.041DOI Listing

Variability in infection surveillance methods and impact on surgical site infection rates.

Am J Infect Control 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI.

Background: The impact of variability in infection surveillance methodologies on publicly reported rates of surgical site infection (SSI) is not well defined.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study to assess infection preventionists' (IP) surveillance practices across acute-care US hospitals. We collected self-reported annual facility standardized infection ratios for colon surgery and abdominal hysterectomy as provided by the National Healthcare Safety Network. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.06.211DOI Listing

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Iceland according to KDIGO criteria and age-adapted estimated glomerular filtration rate thresholds.

Kidney Int 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Internal Medicine Services, Landspitali-The National University Hospital of Iceland; Division of Nephrology, Landspitali-The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address:

Most epidemiological studies on chronic kidney disease (CKD) are based solely on estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR). Few studies have included proteinuria, while the chronicity criterion is usually omitted. To explore this, we examined the prevalence of CKD stages 1-5 in Iceland based on multiple markers of kidney damage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2020.06.017DOI Listing

BAL inflammatory markers can predict pulmonary exacerbations in children with cystic fibrosis.

Chest 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Perth Children's Hospital, Perth, Australia; Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, Australia.

Background: Pulmonary exacerbations in cystic fibrosis are characterized by airway inflammation and may cause irreversible lung damage. Early identification of such exacerbations may facilitate early initiation of treatment, thereby potentially reducing long-term morbidity.

Research Question: Is it possible to predict pulmonary exacerbations in children with cystic fibrosis using inflammatory markers obtained from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid?

Study Design: and Methods: A longitudinal analysis of children aged 0-7 years included in the Australian Respiratory Early Surveillance Team for Cystic Fibrosis (AREST CF) study between 2005 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2020.06.044DOI Listing

Inequitable Experiences Between Black and White Women Discussing Sexual Health With Healthcare Providers: Findings From a U.S. Probability Sample.

J Sex Med 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Applied Health Science, School of Public Health, Indiana University-Bloomington and Center for Sexual Health Promotion, Indiana University-Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, USA.

Background: In the United States, efforts to achieve health equity and reduce sexual health disparities remain a national priority; however, limited research has focused on understanding racial differences in patient/provider discussions about sexual health.

Aim: To quantify racial differences between black and white women (aged 18-49 years) in the United States discussing sexual health with a healthcare provider in the past year.

Methods: Data were analyzed from a subset of 1,654 women aged 18-49 years who participated in the 2018 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.04.391DOI Listing

Analysis and proceeding to full publication of abstracts presented at the Pancreas Club annual meeting.

Pancreatology 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Unit of General and Pancreatic Surgery, Department of Surgery and Oncology, University of Verona Hospital Trust, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2020.05.005DOI Listing

Prospective Analysis of Radiology Resource Utilization and Outcomes for Participation in Oncology Multidisciplinary Conferences.

Acad Radiol 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Abdominal Imaging and Intervention Section, Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA.

Rationale And Objectives: Radiology participation is necessary in oncology multidisciplinary conferences (MDCs), but the resources required to do so are often unaccounted for. In this prospective study we provide an analysis of resource utilization as a function of outcomes for all MDCs covered by an entire radiology section and provide a time-based cost estimate.

Materials And Methods: Following institutional review board approval, prospective data on all MDCs covered by abdominal radiologists at a single tertiary care academic center were obtained over nine weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2020.05.036DOI Listing

Invited Perspective on the "Annual Prevalence of Use of Potentially Inappropriate Medications for Treatment of Affective Disorders in Parkinson's Disease".

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology (GMP), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2020.05.030DOI Listing

Time Trends and Risk Factors for 30-Day Adverse Events in Black Patients Undergoing Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Background: Increased adverse events (AEs) have been reported among black patients undergoing joint arthroplasty, but little is known about their persistence and risk factors. The purpose of this study is (1) to examine recent annual trends in 30-day outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and (2) to develop a preoperative risk stratification model in this racial minority.

Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was queried for all black/African American patients who underwent primary TKA between 2011 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2020.06.013DOI Listing

Effectiveness of the use of implementation intentions on reduction of substance use: A meta-analysis.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2020 Jun 26;214:108120. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Adult Psychological Therapies Service, NHS Tayside, 15 Dudhope Terrace, Dundee, DD3 6HH, United Kingdom; Faculty of Natural Sciences (Psychology), University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, United Kingdom.

Objective: Background: Substance use, such as alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking and illicit drug use, have been associated with severe health conditions and an annual estimated 12 % of all deaths worldwide. Implementation intentions are self-regulatory processes which help achieve health-related behaviour change.

Objectives: To investigate the effectiveness of forming implementation intentions to reduce substance use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108120DOI Listing

Incidence of metachronous cancer after endoscopic submucosal dissection: a comparison between undifferentiated-type and differentiated-type early gastric cancer.

Gastrointest Endosc 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Aims: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has become an important and minimally invasive treatment for early gastric cancer with a negligible risk of metastasis not only for differentiated-type cancer but also for undifferentiated-type cancer. We aimed to investigate the incidence and characteristics of metachronous cancer after ESD for undifferentiated-type cancer, which has not yet been elucidated.

Methods: In total, 175 patients who underwent ESD for undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2020.06.067DOI Listing

Does it match? Analyzing self-reported online dermatology match data to Charting Outcomes in the Match.

Dermatol Online J 2020 Apr 15;26(4). Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Dermatology is arguably the most competitive residency (81.6% match rate for United States allopathic seniors) with significantly more applicants than available positions. To objectify this process, the National Residency Match Program (NRMP) has produced bi-annual Charting Outcomes in Match (COM) datasets, which aggregate data from the prior two application cycles and tabulate statistics to aid applicants. Read More

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Delivering a primary-level non-communicable disease programme for Syrian refugees and the host population in Jordan: a descriptive costing study.

Health Policy Plan 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK.

The Syrian conflict has caused enormous displacement of a population with a high non-communicable disease (NCD) burden into surrounding countries, overwhelming health systems' NCD care capacity. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) developed a primary-level NCD programme, serving Syrian refugees and the host population in Irbid, Jordan, to assist the response. Cost data, which are currently lacking, may support programme adaptation and system scale up of such NCD services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czaa050DOI Listing

Investigation of Avian Influenza Viruses (H9N2-H5nx) in Pigeons during Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreaks in Iran, in 2016.

Arch Razi Inst 2020 Jun 1;75(2):197-203. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Poultry Diseases Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.

Avian influenza (AI) virus (H9N2 and H5 subtypes) infections in birds cause major concerns around the world. The majority of the avian species, such as domestic, pet, and wild birds, are natural and experimental hosts of avian influenza viruses. There are global concerns about members of the Columbidae family, namely pigeons or doves, for their role as the potential interspecies bridge in influenza A viruses ecology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22092/ari.2019.123439.1250DOI Listing

Isolation and evaluation of trypanocidal activity of sesquiterpenoids, flavonoids, and lignans in Artemisia sieversiana collected in Mongolia.

J Nat Med 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Artemisia sieversiana is an annual herbaceous plant distributed throughout Central and East Eurasia and is regarded as an undesirable forage plant in Mongolia. It affects livestock, so information about its chemical composition is needed. We isolated three new sesquiterpenoids (1-3) and known compounds from A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11418-020-01429-2DOI Listing

Longitudinal changes in bone mineral density and trabecular bone score in Korean adults: a community-based prospective study.

Arch Osteoporos 2020 Jul 3;15(1):100. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, 206 Worldcup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon, 443-721, South Korea.

The bone mineral densities (BMDs) of the femoral neck and total hip, and the lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS), tended to decrease with age in both men and women, whereas the lumbar spine BMD tended to increase. Lumbar spine BMD is thus inappropriate for evaluating longitudinal changes in bone loss; the lumbar spine TBS is an alternative measure.

Purpose: Aging is associated with a decrease in bone mass and quality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-020-00731-6DOI Listing

Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging for risk-stratified screening in women with BRCA mutations or high familial risk for breast cancer: are we there yet?

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Center for Clinical Cancer Genetics and Global Health, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

Purpose: Women at an elevated lifetime risk for breast cancer (BC), including carriers of pathogenic mutations in BC predisposition genes, are recommended intensified BC screening that includes annual mammography (MG) and annual breast MRI. Controversy exists regarding the clinical utility of MRI as a screening tool in high-risk women. This paper is intended to review recent advances and remaining areas of uncertainty in order to further facilitate the incorporation of breast MRI into an intensified BC screening protocol for women at high familial risk and BRCA carriers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-020-05759-3DOI Listing

Feasibility of using bed filters packed with rice-straw-based activated carbon and selected biomass waste for the control of frying fume exhaust.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, No.155, Section 2, Linong Street, Taipei, 11221, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Open-air burning of rice straw (RS) on sites after harvesting produces tremendous amounts of air pollutants in Southeast Asia. Additionally, cooking oil smoke (COS) from high-temperature frying is classified as "Probably carcinogenic to humans" (Group 2A) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. To mitigate the air pollution from COS, RS was recycled to prepare activated carbon (AC), which was used as a bed filter (BF) packing material for COS removal, and to our best knowledge, this study is the first one. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09929-0DOI Listing

Changes in Insurance Coverage and Healthcare Use Among Immigrants and US-Born Adults Following the Affordable Care Act.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Neurosciences, University of California San Diego, San Diego, USA.

Objectives: Immigrants to the USA have disparate access to health insurance coverage and healthcare services. We evaluate the effects of gaining insurance following the January 2014 Affordable Care Act's (ACA) key provisions implementation on health services use among foreign- (FB) and US-born (USB) adults.

Methods: Longitudinal data from two panels (2013/2014 and 2014/2015) of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey on FB and USB adults, ages 26-64 (unweighted n = 15,232), and difference-in-differences analysis using generalized estimating equations were used to estimate the effects of insurance gain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00790-yDOI Listing

Iron and manganese migration in "soil-plant" system in Scots pine stands in conditions of contamination by the steel plant's emissions.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 3;10(1):11025. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Chemistry and Biology, Institute of Mathematics, Science and Technology, Bunin Yelets State University, st. Kommunarov 28, Yelets, Russia, 399770.

In this paper, Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) roots grown in soils with and without contamination from emission of a plant steel were analyzed for Fe and Mn, as well as the shoots and needles with and lacking pollution. The aim was to assess the content of Fe and Mn in soils under given conditions, and the interaction between pine plant and soil in terms of metal accumulation in the fine roots, annual shoots, and annual needles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68114-yDOI Listing

Increasing trends in childhood overweight have mostly reversed: 30 years of continuous surveillance of Slovenian youth.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 3;10(1):11022. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Gortanova 22, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The aim of this study is to describe trends in overweight and obesity among Slovenian youth for the period 1989-2018. Nearly all schoolchildren in Slovenia had their height and weight measured annually, which lead to a total of 6,738,510 data-points during the 30-year period. The IOTF cut-off points and Joinpoint regression were used to examine annual percent change (APC) in overweight and obesity prevalence across 3 age groups (7-10, 11-14 and 15-18 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68102-2DOI Listing

Spatiotemporal clustering analysis of Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) vaccination coverage in Pakistan.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 3;10(1):10980. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, 710061, China.

Universal vaccination coverage is still far from desired targets in many global regions including Pakistan, despite the success stories and its scientifically proven benefits. EPI Pakistan vaccination coverage data 2012-2016, at district level was collected from Federal EPI Pakistan. District-wise population data were collected from Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67839-0DOI Listing

Spatiotemporal and hotspot detection of U5-children diarrhea in resource-limited areas of Ethiopia.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 3;10(1):10997. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Environmental Health Science and Technology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Under-five children (U5-children) diarrhea is a significant public health threat, where the World Health Organisation (WHO) reported it as the second leading cause of children's death worldwide. Nearly 1.7 billion cases occur annually with varied temporal and spatial factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67623-0DOI Listing

First comes the A, then the B: what we learned from the COVID-19 outbreak.

Eur J Intern Med 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.. Electronic address:

The SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, which has spread to many countries around the world, has hit Europe particularly hard. From our point of view, in a rural emergency department (with an annual patient census of around 25,000) in northeastern Italy, it is necessary to preserve the hospital and prevent it from becoming an outbreak of infection. In our experience, we reevaluated the negative predictive value of lung ultrasound to rule out lung involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2020.06.031DOI Listing

Where you live can impact your cancer risk: a look at multiple myeloma in New York City.

Ann Epidemiol 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Population Health Science and Policy, The Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY; Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Purpose: To visualize variation in multiple myeloma (MM) incidence and mortality rates by race-ethnicity and geographic location and evaluate their correlation with neighborhood-level population covariates within New York City (NYC).

Methods: Trends and racial differences in MM incidence and mortality for the United States [Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Cancer Registry (SEER), National Center for Health Statistics], and NYC [New York State Cancer Registry] were compared using Joinpoint regression. Pearson's correlation coefficients measured neighborhood-level MM-covariate relationships (n = 34). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2020.05.005DOI Listing

Comparison of three small-area mortality metrics according to urbanity in Korea: the standardized mortality ratio, comparative mortality figure, and life expectancy.

Popul Health Metr 2020 Jul 3;18(1). Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: This study aimed to compare three small-area level mortality metrics according to urbanity in Korea: the standardized mortality ratio (SMR), comparative mortality figure (CMF), and life expectancy (LE) by urbanity.

Methods: We utilized the National Health Information Database to obtain annual small-area level age-specific numbers of population and deaths in Korea between 2013 and 2017. First, differences in the SMR by urbanity were examined, assuming the same age-specific mortality rates in all small areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12963-020-00210-7DOI Listing

Ambient particulate matter and biomass burning: an ecological time series study of respiratory and cardiovascular hospital visits in northern Thailand.

Environ Health 2020 Jul 3;19(1):77. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh, EH14 4AP, UK.

Background: Exposure to particulate matter (PM) emitted from biomass burning is an increasing concern, particularly in Southeast Asia. It is not yet clear how the source of PM influences the risk of an adverse health outcome. The objective of this study was to quantify and compare health risks of PM from biomass burning and non-biomass burning sources in northern Thailand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-020-00629-3DOI Listing

Trends and characteristics of infection-related hospital admissions in multiple sclerosis patients in Southwest Finland in 2009-2018.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2020 Jun 23;44:102328. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are at increased risk for infections. The aim of this study was to investigate the trends in hospital admissions of patients with MS and to identify the factors predisposing to infection-related admissions.

Methods: Hospital admissions with MS as a primary or an auxiliary diagnosis in the hospital district of Southwest Finland in 2009-2018 were searched and MS patients with infection admissions compared with other MS patients in the hospital district. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2020.102328DOI Listing

Association of Trauma Center Level and Patient Volume with Outcomes for Penetrating Thoracic Trauma.

J Surg Res 2020 Jun 30;255:442-448. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Trauma Service, Department of Surgery, Scripps Mercy Hospital, San Diego, California. Electronic address:

Background: We investigated the potential link between trauma center American College of Surgeons verification level and institutional volume of penetrating thoracic trauma with outcomes for patients with penetrating thoracic trauma.

Methods: Penetrating thoracic injuries were identified in the National Trauma Data Bank from 2013 to 2016. Primary exposures were trauma center American College of Surgeons verification level and annual penetrating trauma caseload by center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.05.089DOI Listing

Bibliometric evaluation of 2000-2019 publications on functional near-infrared spectroscopy.

Neuroimage 2020 Jun 30:117121. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Sport Rehabilitation, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai Shangti Orthopaedic Hospital, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

This study aimed to explore and analyze research trends and frontiers on functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in the past 20 years and identify collaboration networks. fNIRS-related publications from 2000 to 2019 were retrieved from the Web of Science database. A total of 1727 publications satisfied the search criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117121DOI Listing

The Economic Cost of Child and Adolescent Bullying in Australia.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia; and the Australian Centre for Health Services Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia; Health Services Systems Research, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.

Objective: This study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis and estimated the economic costs attributable to child and adolescent bullying victimization in Australia.

Method: The costs of bullying victimization were measured from a societal perspective which accounts for costs associated with healthcare, education resources and productivity losses. A prevalence-based approach was used to estimate the annual costs for Australians who experienced bullying victimization in childhood and adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2020.05.010DOI Listing

Metformin prescription associated with reduced AAA growth rate and reduced chemokine expression in a Swedish cohort.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery, Uppsala University, Akademiska sjukhuset ing 70, 751 85, Uppsala, Sweden.

Objective: Recent reports suggest that the negative association between diabetes mellitus and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) may be driven by metformin, the world's most common antidiabetic drug, rather than diabetes per se. We sought to investigate the association between AAA growth rate, chemokine profile and metformin prescription in a contemporary Swedish cohort.

Methods: Patients under surveillance for small AAA were identified at four Swedish vascular centers with active AAA screening programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2020.06.039DOI Listing

Medicare Reimbursement Trends for Facility Performed Otolaryngology Procedures: 2000-2019.

Laryngoscope 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Otolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.A.

Objective: There is a paucity of data regarding financial trends for procedural reimbursements in otolaryngology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate monetary trends in Medicare reimbursement rates for the 20 most commonly billed otolaryngology procedures from 2000 to 2019.

Study Design: Analysis of physician reimbursement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.28749DOI Listing

Binge Drinking by Occupation Groups among Currently Employed U.S. Adults in 32 States, 2013-2016.

Subst Use Misuse 2020 Jul 3:1-12. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Excessive alcohol use, including binge drinking (i.e., ≥5 drinks (males); ≥4 drinks (females), per occasion during the past 30 days), is associated with work-related injuries, absenteeism, and lost productivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2020.1784947DOI Listing

Reducing Risks and Improving Vascular Access Outcomes.

J Infus Nurs 2020 Jul/Aug;43(4):222-228

Scripps Health, Scripps Mercy Hospital, San Diego, California and Scripps Mercy Hospital, Chula Vista, California. Elizabeth Morrell, DNP, RN, NEA-BC, is senior director of patient care at Scripps Mercy Hospitals, where she has dual campus leadership responsibility for venous access nurses, advanced practice nurses, and interventional radiology, along with cardiac and endoscopy services.

Short peripheral catheter (SPC) insertion is a common invasive procedure performed in hospitalized patients. Variations in this fundamental nursing skill exist among nurses, with significant impacts on budgets, patient satisfaction, and worker safety-key concerns for nurse leaders. A performance improvement project focused on vascular access management was undertaken, with the goal to improve SPC practice and associated outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NAN.0000000000000377DOI Listing

Doing Our Part to Conserve Resources: Determining Whether All Personal Protective Equipment Is Mandatory for Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Pinning of Supracondylar Humeral Fractures.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2020 Jul;102(13):e66

Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) of supracondylar humeral fractures is one of the most common procedures performed in pediatric orthopaedics. The use of full, standard preparation and draping with standard personal protective equipment (PPE) may not be necessary during this procedure. This is of particular interest in the current climate as we face unprecedented PPE shortages due to the current COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.20.00567DOI Listing

Evolution of gut microbial community through reproductive life in female rabbits and investigation of the link with offspring survival.

Animal 2020 Jun 18:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

GenPhySE, Université de Toulouse, INRAE, ENVT, F-31326Castanet-Tolosan, France.

The digestive microbiota plays a decisive role in shaping and preserving health throughout life. Rabbit younglings are born with a sterile digestive tract but then it gets progressively colonised by the microbiota of the nursing mother, by entering in contact with or ingesting the maternal droppings present in the nest. Here we posit that (i) offspring survival and (ii) lifespan of female rabbits are linked to how diverse their microbiota are. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731120001305DOI Listing

ACC.20: Impact of social media at the virtual scientific sessions during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Clin Cardiol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Division of Cardiology, University of Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic led to the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Annual Scientific Session 2020 (ACC.20) being held as a virtual event.

Hypothesis: Social media activity around a virtual event might be quite different to that of a physical meeting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clc.23387DOI Listing

Out-of-Pocket Costs for Patients Diagnosed with Tuberculosis in Different Healthcare Settings in Bandung, Indonesia.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.

Costs related to tuberculosis (TB) can impose a significant burden on patients and their families and create barriers to diagnosis and treatment. Our study aimed to quantify out-of-pocket costs expended by TB patients in Bandung, Indonesia. This cross-sectional study recruited adults with TB from community health centers (CHCs), public and private hospitals, and private practitioners (PPs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.19-0848DOI Listing

Toxicology Paradise: Sorting Out Adverse and Non-adverse Findings in Animal Toxicity Studies.

Int J Toxicol 2020 Jul 3:1091581820935089. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

MHRA, London, UK.

A challenge for all toxicologists is defining what study findings are actually adverse versus non-adverse in animal toxicity studies, and which ones are relevant for generating a no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) to assess human risk. This article presents views on this challenge presented by toxicologists, toxicologic pathologists, and regulatory reviewers at the 2019 annual meeting of the American College of Toxicology during a workshop entitled "Toxicology Paradise: Sorting Out Adverse and Non-adverse Findings." The speakers noted that setting a NOAEL is not always straightforward, not only for small molecules but also for biopharmaceuticals, and that a "weight of evidence" approach often is more useful than a rigid threshold-setting algorithm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1091581820935089DOI Listing

Access to preventive care services and stage at diagnosis in head and neck cancer.

Head Neck 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Decreased access to preventive care services has been proposed as a mechanism for the association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and advanced stage at diagnosis in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with HNSCC in North Carolina between 2002 and 2006.

Results: A total of 1108 patients with HNSCC were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.26326DOI Listing