882 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Entomology[Journal]


Neuroecology of Alcohol Preference in .

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01;67:261-279

Department of Evolutionary Neuroethology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, D-07745 Jena, Germany; email:

In this review, we highlight sources of alcohols in nature, as well as the behavioral and ecological roles that these fermentation cues play in the short lifespan of . With a focus on neuroethology, we describe the olfactory detection of alcohol as well as ensuing neural signaling within the brain of the fly. We proceed to explain the plethora of behaviors related to alcohol, including attraction, feeding, and oviposition, as well as general effects on aggression and courtship. Read More

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January 2022

Sequestration of Plant Defense Compounds by Insects: From Mechanisms to Insect-Plant Coevolution.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01;67:163-180

Department of Applied Entomology, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart 70599, Germany; email:

Plant defense compounds play a key role in the evolution of insect-plant associations by selecting for behavioral, morphological, and physiological insect adaptations. Sequestration, the ability of herbivorous insects to accumulate plant defense compounds to gain a fitness advantage, represents a complex syndrome of adaptations that has evolved in all major lineages of herbivorous insects and involves various classes of plant defense compounds. In this article, we review progress in understanding how insects selectively accumulate plant defense metabolites and how the evolution of specific resistance mechanisms to these defense compounds enables sequestration. Read More

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January 2022

Pest Biological Control: Goals Throughout My Life.

Authors:
Liying Li

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01;67:1-10

Zoological Institute, Guangdong Academy of Sciences (former names: Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources, 2015-2020; Guangdong Entomological Institute, 1972-2015), Guangzhou, China; email:

This autobiography documents the life and accomplishments of Li Liying. Born into a poor family in China, she eventually became director of Guangdong Entomological Institute. After graduating middle school (1949), she was admitted to the Agronomy Faculty at Beijing Agricultural University but was shortly after redirected by the Chinese Government to Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Moscow, Russia. Read More

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January 2022

Defense in Social Insects: Diversity, Division of Labor, and Evolution.

Authors:
Patrick Abbot

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01;67:407-436

Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA; email:

All social insects defend their colony from predators, parasites, and pathogens. In Oster and Wilson's classic work, they posed one of the key paradoxes about defense in social insects: Given the universal necessity of defense, why then is there so much diversity in mechanisms? Ecological factors undoubtedly are important: Predation and usurpation have imposed strong selection on eusocial insects, and active defense by colonies is a ubiquitous feature of all social insects. The description of diverse insect groups with castes of sterile workers whose main duty is defense has broadened the purview of social evolution in insects, in particular with respect to caste and behavior. Read More

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January 2022

Introduction.

Authors:
Nicole Gerardo

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01;67:v-vi

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January 2022

Determinants of Insecticide Resistance Evolution: Comparative Analysis Among Heliothines.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01;67:387-406

CSIRO Black Mountain Laboratories, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; email:

It is increasingly clear that pest species vary widely in their propensities to develop insecticide resistance. This review uses a comparative approach to analyze the key pest management practices and ecological and biochemical or genetic characteristics of the target that contribute to this variation. We focus on six heliothine species, three of which, , , and , have developed resistances to many pesticide classes. Read More

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January 2022

Vine Weevil, (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Management: Current State and Future Perspectives.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01;67:221-238

Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Agriculture and Environment Department, Harper Adams University, Newport, Shropshire TF10 8NB, United Kingdom; email:

Vine weevil, also known as black vine weevil, , has been one of the most economically important pest species of global horticultural crops for the past five decades. This period has seen many changes in crop protection practices, including wide-scale adoption of biological controls such as entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi in place of conventional synthetic insecticides. Despite the experimental efficacy of these controls, growers continue to report significant crop losses associated with vine weevil infestation. Read More

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January 2022

The Ecological Significance of Aphid Cornicles and Their Secretions.

Authors:
J P Michaud

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01;67:65-81

Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Center-Hays, Kansas State University, Hays, Kansas 67601, USA; email:

Aphid cornicles are abdominal appendages that secrete an array of volatile and nonvolatile compounds with diverse ecological functions. The emission of alarm pheromones yields altruistic benefits for clone-mates in the aphid colony, which is essentially a superorganism with a collective fate. Secreted droplets also contain unsaturated triglycerides, fast-drying adhesives that can be lethal when smeared on natural enemies but more often impede their foraging efficiency. Read More

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January 2022

On the Biological Diversity of Ant Alkaloids.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 22;67:367-385. Epub 2021 Oct 22.

Department of Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA; email:

Ants have outstanding capacity to mediate inter- and intraspecific interactions by producing structurally diverse metabolites from numerous secretory glands. Since Murray Blum's pioneering studies dating from the 1950s, there has been a growing interest in arthropod toxins as natural products. Over a dozen different alkaloid classes have been reported from approximately 40 ant genera in five subfamilies, with peak diversity within the Myrmicinae tribe Solenopsidini. Read More

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January 2022

The Role of Community Science in Entomology.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 13;67:437-456. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Biological Records Centre, UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Oxford OX10 8BB, United Kingdom; email:

Community (or citizen) science, the involvement of volunteers in scientific endeavors, has a long history. Over the past few centuries, the contributions of volunteers to our understanding of patterns and processes in entomology have been inspiring. From the collation of large-scale and long-term data sets, which have been instrumental in underpinning our knowledge of the status and trends of many insect groups, to action, including species management, whether for conservation or control, community scientists have played pivotal roles. Read More

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January 2022

Advances in the Evolution and Ecology of 13- and 17-Year Periodical Cicadas.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 8;67:457-482. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan; email:

Apart from model organisms, 13- and 17-year periodical cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: ) are among the most studied insects in evolution and ecology. They are attractive subjects because they predictably emerge in large numbers; have a complex biogeography shaped by both spatial and temporal isolation; and include three largely sympatric, parallel species groups that are, in a sense, evolutionary replicates. are also relatively easy to capture and manipulate, and their spectacular, synchronized mass emergences facilitate outreach and citizen science opportunities. Read More

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January 2022

Extrinsic Inter- and Intraspecific Competition in Parasitoid Wasps.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 6;67:305-328. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands.

The diverse ecology of parasitoids is shaped by extrinsic competition, i.e., exploitative or interference competition among adult females and males for hosts and mates. Read More

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January 2022

Defensive Symbionts and the Evolution of Parasitoid Host Specialization.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 6;67:329-346. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Department of Aquatic Ecology, Eawag, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland; email:

Insect host-parasitoid interactions abound in nature and are characterized by a high degree of host specialization. In addition to their behavioral and immune defenses, many host species rely on heritable bacterial endosymbionts for defense against parasitoids. Studies on aphids and flies show that resistance conferred by symbionts can be very strong and highly specific, possibly as a result of variation in symbiont-produced toxins. Read More

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January 2022

: A Model Insect for Fundamental and Applied Research.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 6;67:347-365. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA; email:

has a long history as a model species in many distinct subject areas, but improved connections among the genetics, genomics, behavioral, ecological, and pest management fields are needed to fully realize this species' potential as a model. was the first beetle whose genome was sequenced, and a new genome assembly and enhanced annotation, combined with readily available genomic research tools, have facilitated its increased use in a wide range of functional genomics research. Research into 's sensory systems, response to pheromones and kairomones, and patterns of movement and landscape utilization has improved our understanding of behavioral and ecological processes. Read More

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January 2022

Wax, Wings, and Swarms: Insects and Their Products as Art Media.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 5;67:281-303. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Biology Department, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA; email:

Every facet of human culture is in some way affected by our abundant, diverse insect neighbors. Our relationship with insects has been on display throughout the history of art, sometimes explicitly but frequently in inconspicuous ways. This is because artists can depict insects overtly, but they can also allude to insects conceptually or use insect products in a purely utilitarian manner. Read More

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January 2022

Impact of Stand and Landscape Management on Forest Pest Damage.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 4;67:181-199. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

INRAE, University of Bordeaux, BIOGECO, F-33610 Cestas, France.

One promising approach to mitigate the negative impacts of insect pests in forests is to adapt forestry practices to create ecosystems that are more resistant and resilient to biotic disturbances. At the stand scale, local stand management practices often cause idiosyncratic effects on forest pests depending on the environmental context and the focal pest species. However, increasing tree diversity appears to be a general strategy for reducing pest damage across several forest types. Read More

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January 2022

The Molecular Physiology and Toxicology of Inward Rectifier Potassium Channels in Insects.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 4;67:125-142. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University AgCenter, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA; email:

Inward rectifier K (Kir) channels have been studied extensively in mammals, where they play critical roles in health and disease. In insects, Kir channels have recently been found to be key regulators of diverse physiological processes in several tissues. The importance of Kir channels in insects has positioned them to serve as emerging targets for the development of insecticides with novel modes of action. Read More

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January 2022

Beetle-Bacterial Symbioses: Endless Forms Most Functional.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 4;67:201-219. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Department of Insect Symbiosis, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena 07745, Germany; email:

Beetles are hosts to a remarkable diversity of bacterial symbionts. In this article, we review the role of these partnerships in promoting beetle fitness following a surge of recent studies characterizing symbiont localization and function across the Coleoptera. Symbiont contributions range from the supplementation of essential nutrients and digestive or detoxifying enzymes to the production of bioactive compounds providing defense against natural enemies. Read More

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January 2022

The Ecology of Hyperparasitoids.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 4;67:143-161. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Terrestrial Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands; email:

Hyperparasitoids are some of the most diverse members of insect food webs. True hyperparasitoids parasitize the larvae of other parasitoids, reaching these larvae with their ovipositor through the herbivore that hosts the parasitoid larva. During pupation, primary parasitoids also may be attacked by pseudohyperparasitoids that lay their eggs on the parasitoid (pre)pupae. Read More

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January 2022

Bottom-Up Forces in Agroecosystems and Their Potential Impact on Arthropod Pest Management.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 4;67:239-259. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Université Cote d'Azur, INRAE, CNRS, UMR ISA, 06000 Nice, France; email:

Bottom-up effects are major ecological forces in crop-arthropod pest-natural enemy multitrophic interactions. Over the past two decades, bottom-up effects have been considered key levers for optimizing integrated pest management (IPM). Irrigation, fertilization, crop resistance, habitat manipulation, organic management practices, and landscape characteristics have all been shown to trigger marked bottom-up effects and thus impact pest management. Read More

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January 2022

The Role of Cytochrome P450s in Insect Toxicology and Resistance.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 30;67:105-124. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Department of Crop Science, Agricultural University of Athens, GR-11855 Athens, Greece; email:

Insect cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) perform a variety of important physiological functions, but it is their role in the detoxification of xenobiotics, such as natural and synthetic insecticides, that is the topic of this review. Recent advances in insect genomics and postgenomic functional approaches have provided an unprecedented opportunity to understand the evolution of insect P450s and their role in insect toxicology. These approaches have also been harnessed to provide new insights into the genomic alterations that lead to insecticide resistance, the mechanisms by which P450s are regulated, and the functional determinants of P450-mediated insecticide resistance. Read More

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January 2022

The Biology of Aging in Insects: From to Other Insects and Back.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 30;67:83-103. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia; email:

An enormous amount of work has been done on aging in , a classical genetic and molecular model system, but also in numerous other insects. However, these two extensive bodies of work remain poorly integrated to date. Studies in often explore genetic, developmental, physiological, and nutrition-related aspects of aging in the lab, while studies in other insects often explore ecological, social, and somatic aspects of aging in both lab and natural populations. Read More

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January 2022

Biology, Ecology, and Management of the Invasive Longlegged Ant, .

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 29;67:43-63. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Entomology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA; email:

The longlegged ant () is one of the most damaging invasive tramp ants globally. It is generally found between latitudes 27°N and 27°S in Asia, although it has been introduced to other continents. Its native range remains debatable, but it is believed to be in Southeast Asia. Read More

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January 2022

Remembrances of a Honey Bee Biologist.

Authors:
Thomas D Seeley

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 28;67:13-25. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA; email:

Thomas Seeley's research has focused on analyzing the collective intelligence and natural lives of honey bees. This account describes how the author encountered honey bees as a boy and became a beekeeper; how he switched his career path from medicine to biology to study the behavior and social life of honey bees; and how he focuses on understanding how a honey bee colony functions when it lives in the wild, rather than in a beekeeper's hive. He has shown how a honey bee colony works as a single decision-making unit to adaptively allocate its foragers among flower patches and to choose its nesting site in a hollow tree. Read More

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January 2022

Exotic Ants of the Asia-Pacific: Invasion, National Response, and Ongoing Needs.

Annu Rev Entomol 2022 01 28;67:27-42. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Biosecurity Queensland, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland 4118, Australia.

Human activity has facilitated the introduction of many exotic species via global trade. Asia-Pacific countries comprise one of the most economically and trade-active regions in the world, which makes it an area that is highly vulnerable to invasive species, including ants. There are currently over 60 exotic ant species in the Asia-Pacific, with the red imported fire ant, , among the most destructive. Read More

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January 2022

A Century of Synergy in Termite Symbiosis Research: Linking the Past with New Genomic Insights.

Annu Rev Entomol 2021 01;66:23-43

Department of Biological Sciences, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, Illinois 62026, USA; email:

Termites have long been studied for their symbiotic associations with gut microbes. In the late nineteenth century, this relationship was poorly understood and captured the interest of parasitologists such as Joseph Leidy; this research led to that of twentieth-century biologists and entomologists including Cleveland, Hungate, Trager, and Lüscher. Early insights came via microscopy, organismal, and defaunation studies, which led to descriptions of microbes present, descriptions of the roles of symbionts in lignocellulose digestion, and early insights into energy gas utilization by the host termite. Read More

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January 2021

Chemical Ecology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology of Insect Hydrocarbons.

Annu Rev Entomol 2021 01;66:45-60

Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA; email:

Insect cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) consist of complex mixtures of straight-chain alkanes and alkenes, and methyl-branched hydrocarbons. In addition to restricting water loss through the cuticle and preventing desiccation, they have secondarily evolved to serve a variety of functions in chemical communication and play critical roles as signals mediating the life histories of insects. In this review, we describe the physical properties of CHCs that allow for both waterproofing and signaling functions, summarize their roles as inter- and intraspecific chemical signals, and discuss the influences of diet and environment on CHC profiles. Read More

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January 2021

The Impacts of Climate Change on Ticks and Tick-Borne Disease Risk.

Authors:
Lucy Gilbert

Annu Rev Entomol 2021 01;66:373-388

Institute for Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, United Kingdom; email:

Ticks exist on all continents and carry more zoonotic pathogens than any other type of vector. Ticks spend most of their lives in the external environment away from the host and are thus expected to be affected by changes in climate. Most empirical and theoretical studies demonstrate or predict range shifts or increases in ticks and tick-borne diseases, but there can be a lot of heterogeneity in such predictions. Read More

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January 2021

Emergence of as a Major Pest of Food Legumes and Evolution of Management Practices in Asia and Africa.

Annu Rev Entomol 2021 01;66:141-161

Biotechnology and Molecular Breeding, World Vegetable Center, Tainan 74151, Taiwan; email:

Legume pod borer, , has emerged as a major pest on food legumes in Asia and Africa. It is an oligophagous pest, feeding on over 70 species in Fabaceae. We examine the species complex in Asia, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas, with an emphasis on molecular taxonomy. Read More

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January 2021

Population Dynamics of Chewing Lice (Phthiraptera) Infesting Birds (Aves).

Annu Rev Entomol 2021 01;66:209-224

Department of Entomology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada; email:

In the past 25 years, studies on interactions between chewing lice and their bird hosts have increased notably. This body of work reveals that sampling of live avian hosts, collection of the lice, and the aggregated distributions of louse infestations pose challenges for assessing louse populations. The number of lice on a bird varies among host taxa, often with host size and social system. Read More

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January 2021