161,463 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Ecology Evolution And Systematics[Journal]


[Acquired immune thrombocytopenia: An update on aspects of diagnosis and management relevant for intensive care medicine].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2020 Jun 3;145(11):747-753. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Transfusionsmedizin, Medizinische Fakultät der Universität Tübingen, Universität Tübingen.

Acquired thrombocytopenias represent a group of bleeding diseases, which can be mediated by immune or non-immune factors. Acquired immune thrombocytopenia (AITP) leads to an accelerated decrease in platelet count by platelet reactive antibodies arising from several mechanisms. In AITP, autoantibodies, alloantibodies or drug-dependent antibodies are usually targeting platelet surface glycoproteins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0962-6361DOI Listing

[Update diagnosis and therapeutic management of pulmonary embolism].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2020 Jun 3;145(11):710-715. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Kardiologie, Campus Virchow-Klinikum (CVK), Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin.

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening disease and the third most frequent cardiovascular cause of death after stroke and myocardial infarction. The annual incidence is increasing. The recently published 2019 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology integrate numerous new study findings and provide updated diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0984-7323DOI Listing

Regional Disparities in Qualified Health Plans' Prior Authorization Requirements for HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open 2020 Jun 1;3(6):e207445. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.

Importance: With the goal of ending the HIV epidemic in the United States, access to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is essential to help curb new HIV infections. There has been differential uptake of PrEP by region, with the South lagging behind other regions. Discriminatory benefit design (benefit design that prevents or delays people with complex or expensive conditions from obtaining appropriate treatment) through prior authorization requirements could be a systemic barrier that contributes to the decreased PrEP uptake in the South. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7445DOI Listing

Effect of Aspirin vs Placebo on the Prevention of Depression in Older People: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Psychiatry 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Importance: Depression is associated with increased inflammation, which may precede its onset, especially in older people. Some preclinical data suggest potential antidepressant effects of aspirin, supported by limited observational data suggesting lower rates of depression in individuals treated with aspirin. There currently appears to be no evidence-based pharmacotherapies for the primary prevention of depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1214DOI Listing

Rethinking Space: A Review of Perception, Attention, and Memory in Scene Processing.

Annu Rev Vis Sci 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada; email:

Scene processing is fundamentally influenced and constrained by spatial layout and spatial associations with objects. However, semantic information has played a vital role in propelling our understanding of real-world scene perception forward. In this article, we review recent advances in assessing how spatial layout and spatial relations influence scene processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-vision-121219-081745DOI Listing

Can We See with Melanopsin?

Annu Rev Vis Sci 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Centre for Biological Timing and Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Biology Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, United Kingdom; email:

A small fraction of mammalian retinal ganglion cells are directly photoreceptive thanks to their expression of the photopigment melanopsin. These intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) have well-established roles in a variety of reflex responses to changes in ambient light intensity, including circadian photoentrainment. In this article, we review the growing evidence, obtained primarily from laboratory mice and humans, that the ability to sense light via melanopsin is also an important component of perceptual and form vision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-vision-030320-041239DOI Listing

A Department-Sponsored, Hospital-Based Pathology Education Symposium Is a Cost-Effective Method to Provide Laboratory Staff With Highly Rated Continuing Education Experiences.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

From the Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Context.—: Continuing education improves the quality of medical care and is a required part of most health care professions. Although a variety of educational modules are available online or at external conferences, completion of these activities can be expensive and time-consuming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2019-0694-EPDOI Listing

Global Estimates and Long-Term Trends of Fine Particulate Matter Concentrations (1998-2018).

Environ Sci Technol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Exposure to outdoor fine particulate matter (PM) is a leading risk factor for mortality. We develop global estimates of annual PM concentrations and trends for 1998-2018 using advances in satellite observations, chemical transport modeling, and ground-based monitoring. Aerosol optical depth (AOD) from advanced satellite products including finer resolution, increased global coverage, and improved long-term stability, are combined and related to surface PM concentrations using geophysical relationships between surface PM and AOD simulated by the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model with updated algorithms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.0c01764DOI Listing

Association between exposure to ambient air pollution and thyroid function in Korean adults.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

Context: Although a significant relationship has been reported between air pollution and thyroid function in limited samples or regions, few studies have addressed this association in the general population.

Objective: Using a nationwide sample of Korean adults, we investigated the association between exposure to air pollution and thyroid function, and whether this association differed between subgroups stratified according to age or body mass index (BMI).

Methods: We included 4,704 adults in the final analysis and used each person's annual average exposure to four air pollutants, namely, particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide (CO). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa338DOI Listing

Why Is Per Capita Consumption Underestimated in Alcohol Surveys? Results from 39 Surveys in 23 European Countries.

Alcohol Alcohol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Aims: The aims of the article are (a) to estimate coverage rates (i.e. the proportion of 'real consumption' accounted for by a survey compared with more reliable aggregate consumption data) of the total, the recorded and the beverage-specific annual per capita consumption in 23 European countries, and (b) to investigate differences between regions, and other factors which might be associated with low coverage (prevalence of heavy episodic drinking [HED], survey methodology). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agaa048DOI Listing

Occupational Asthma and Its Causation in the UK Seafood Processing Industry.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Objectives: The processing of seafood (fish and shellfish) for human consumption can lead to health consequences, including occupational asthma (OA). Several non-UK studies have reported both respiratory outcomes and airborne levels of major allergens in seafood processing. However, there is a paucity of such evidence in the UK land-based seafood processing sector, which employs some 20 000 workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa055DOI Listing

Temporal trends and spatial distribution of leprosy-related mortality in the state of Tocantins, Brazil, 2000-2015.

Epidemiol Serv Saude 2020 1;29(3):e2018336. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Fundação Escola de Saúde Pública de Palmas, Palmas, TO, Brasil.

Objective to describe temporal trends and spatial distribution patterns of leprosy-related deaths in the state of Tocantins, Brazil, 2000-2015. Methods this study was based on Mortality Information System (SIM) data; mortality coefficient temporal trend analysis was performed using joinpoint regression and descriptive spatial analysis, taking the state's 139 municipalities as geographic units of analysis. Results 201 leprosy-related deaths were identified in Tocantins; average mortality coefficient was 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5123/s1679-49742020000300003DOI Listing

Decrease in blood donation rates in Japan: a time series analysis.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 1;23:e200047. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Miki, Kagawa, Japan.

Objective: To clarify that one of the causes for the decrease in blood donation (BD) rates was the introduction of the 400 ml BD program in 1986.

Method: BP rates were monitored over 48 years (1965-2012) and were divided into pre- and post-intervention periods prior to analysis. An interrupted time series analysis was performed using annual data on BD rates, and the impact of the 400 ml BD program was investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200047DOI Listing

Prenatal exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals and asthma and allergic diseases.

Authors:
M Casas M Gascon

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain.

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), chemicals that can interfere with endogenous hormones and that are present in many consumer products, can affect the development and functions of the immune system. The prenatal period is critical because exposure to EDCs can induce irreversible changes in the immune system and increase the susceptibility of asthma and allergies later in life. Non-persistent EDCs are of most concern due to their high annual production and potential toxicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18176/jiaci.0580DOI Listing

Associations among sexuality-related factors, recent two-week morbidity and annual hospitalization in female migrant workers: a cross-sectional study in southern China.

Psychol Health Med 2020 Jun 3:1-14. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Institute of Chronic Disease Risks Assessment, School of Nursing and Health, Henan University , Kaifeng, China.

To explore the influence of sexuality-related factors on recent two-week morbidity and annual hospitalization in female migrant workers, 880 Chinese rural-to-urban female migrant workers aged 16-57 years were studied. Clustered logistic regression analyses revealed that women who never or seldom experienced lubrication difficulties had a lower risk of recent two-week morbidity (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2020.1774626DOI Listing

Estimation of high-resolution PM2.5 over Indo-Gangetic Plain by fusion of satellite data, meteorology, and land use variables.

Environ Sci Technol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Very high spatially resolved satellite-derived ground-level PM2.5 concentrations have multiple potential applications especially in air quality modelling, epidemiological and climatological research. Satellite-derived aerosol optical epth (AOD), and columnar water vapor (CWV), meteorological parameters, and land use data were used as variables within a linear mixed effect model (LME) and a random forest (RF) model, to predict daily ground-level concentrations of PM2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.0c01769DOI Listing

Delivering on the promise of gene therapy for haemophilia.

Authors:
Steven W Pipe

Haemophilia 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Pediatrics and Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

The promise of gene therapy is a single treatment ('one and done') that leads to steady-state expression of endogenous factor VIII or factor IX sufficient to achieve a functional cure (free of recurrent haemophilic bleeding) if not normalized haemostasis. The elimination of the need for continued prophylaxis, or factor replacement following trauma or prior to surgery would lead to annual cost savings. Such optimized health and well-being would be reaching a level of health equity that was unimaginable several decades ago. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hae.14027DOI Listing

Pediatric Code Blue: How Prepared Are We? A Self-Efficacy Assessment Project.

Hawaii J Health Soc Welf 2020 May;79(5 Suppl 1):122-126

Department of Pediatrics and Division of Pediatric Critical Care at Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children, Honolulu, HI and Department of Pediatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI.

Pediatric advanced life support (PALS) recertification every two years is inadequate to maintain proficiency. The authors hypothesized that a standardized, recurring curriculum may enhance retention of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills. Monthly mock code training and an annual online self-directed learning module were implemented for pediatric intensive care unit nurses, pediatric residents, and respiratory therapists at a women and children's hospital. Read More

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Mapping the Trends of Kawasaki Disease in Hawai'i from 1996 to 2018.

Hawaii J Health Soc Welf 2020 May;79(5 Suppl 1):104-111

Department of Pediatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI (MM, AB).

Kawasaki disease is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in the developed world. Historically, Hawai'i has had the highest incidence of Kawasaki disease in the United States, likely due to the population's unique ancestral composition. To analyze the epidemiology, demographics and spatiotemporal distribution of Kawasaki disease in Hawai'i, a retrospective chart review was conducted utilizing data from Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children encompassing the period of 1996-2018. Read More

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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Alcoholic Liver Disease are Major Drivers of Liver Mortality in the United States.

Hepatol Commun 2020 Jun 4;4(6):890-903. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research Inova Health System Falls Church VA.

In the United States, chronic viral hepatitis B and C (CHB and CHC), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) are the main causes of liver deaths attributable to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhosis. Our aim was to assess the changes in the rates of mortality and years of potential life lost (YLL) for HCC and cirrhosis due to different liver diseases. We used multiple-cause mortality data (2007-2017) from the National Center for Health Statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep4.1510DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262283PMC

Agro-financing and food production in Nigeria.

Heliyon 2020 May 28;6(5):e04001. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Economics, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

This study examines how agro-financing impacts on food production in Nigeria supporting Goal 2 of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which aims to . The study covers the period 1981-2018 using annual data sourced from the World Development Indicators (WDI) of the World Bank, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin. The Johansen and the Canonical Cointegration approaches are employed and findings reveal that agro-financing is statistically significant in explaining the level of food production in Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260288PMC

Impact of heavy rains of 2018 in western Japan: disaster-induced health outcomes among the population of Innoshima Island.

Heliyon 2020 May 25;6(5):e03942. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

Southwestern Japan suffered its worst rains in 2018 causing floods and mudslides, claiming 225 lives and forcing millions for evacuations. Referred as "Heisei san-jū-nenshichi-gatsugōu", the disaster was the result of incessant precipitation caused by the interaction of typhoon "Prapiroon" with the seasonal rain front "Baiu". The present epidemiological study aims to investigate disaster-induced health issues in 728 residents of Innoshima island in the Hiroshima Prefecture by comparing their clinical data in pre-disaster (2017) and disaster-hit (2018) years which was obtained from annual health screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256463PMC

Oseltamivir and baloxavir: Dual treatment for rapidly developing ARDS on a patient with renal disease.

IDCases 2020 22;21:e00819. Epub 2020 May 22.

Advocate Illinois Medical Center, Internal Medicine Department, 836 W Wellington Ave, Chicago, IL 60657, United States.

Influenza is an annual epidemic disease that in severe cases can lead to the development of ARDS. Current practice recommends the routine use of neuraminidase inhibitors with emerging evidence for the use of endonuclease inhibitors. We present the case of a 22-year-old female with diabetes and IgG4 tubulo-interstitial nephritis that developed rapidly progressive ARDS from influenza infection requiring ventilatory support and extra corporeal oxygenation in which oseltamivir and baloxavir were used in combination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2020.e00819DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256313PMC

Longitudinal Association of Telomere Attrition with the Effects of Antihypertensive Treatment and Blood Pressure Lowering.

Aging Dis 2020 May 9;11(3):494-508. Epub 2020 May 9.

1State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, FuWai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Leukocytes telomere length has been associated with hypertension, but, whether longitudinal telomeres change could serve as a useful predictive tool in hypertension remains uncertain. This study aimed to examine the longitudinal trajectory of leukocytes telomere length in a population-based prospective study of 1,108 individuals with hypertension. Leukocytes telomere length were measured at baseline and again after a median 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14336/AD.2019.0721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220288PMC

Seasonal dietary shifts enhance parasite transmission to lake salmonids during ice cover.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 8;10(9):4031-4043. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Arctic and Marine Biology Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø Norway.

Changes in abiotic and biotic factors between seasons in subarctic lake systems are often profound, potentially affecting the community structure and population dynamics of parasites over the annual cycle. However, few winter studies exist and interactions between fish hosts and their parasites are typically confined to snapshot studies restricted to the summer season whereas host-parasite dynamics during the ice-covered period rarely have been explored. The present study addresses seasonal patterns in the infections of intestinal parasites and their association with the diet of sympatric living Arctic charr () and brown trout () in Lake Takvatn, a subarctic lake in northern Norway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6173DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244800PMC

Preliminary analysis to estimate the spatial distribution of benefits of P load reduction: Identifying the spatial influence of phosphorus loading from the Maumee River (USA) in western Lake Erie.

Ecol Evol 2020 May 12;10(9):3968-3976. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science National Ocean Service NOAA Silver Spring MD USA.

Since the early 2000s, Lake Erie has been experiencing annual cyanobacterial blooms that often cover large portions of the western basin and even reach into the central basin. These blooms have affected several ecosystem services provided by Lake Erie to surrounding communities (notably drinking water quality). Several modeling efforts have identified the springtime total bioavailable phosphorus (TBP) load as a major driver of maximum cyanobacterial biomass in western Lake Erie, and on this basis, international water management bodies have set a phosphorus (P) reduction goal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6160DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244810PMC

Levothyroxine prescriptions trends may indicate a downtrend in prescribing.

Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab 2020 19;11:2042018820920551. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Biostatistics and Biomedical Informatics, MedStar Health Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: There has been a trend for increased prescribing of levothyroxine (LT4) in many countries, including the United States. Several different factors have been suggested to be the cause of this practice pattern. These factors include increased size of the United States population, more diagnosis of hypothyroidism, more treatment of minimally elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, more use of LT4 in older patients, and use of LT4 for treatment of euthyroid patients with non-thyroidal conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2042018820920551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238309PMC

Updates from the American Society of Hematology 2019 annual meeting: practice-changing studies in treatment-naïve chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Curr Oncol 2020 Apr 1;27(2):e231-e245. Epub 2020 May 1.

McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC.

The 2019 annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology took place 7-10 December in Orlando, Florida. At the meeting, results from key studies in treatment-naïve chronic lymphocytic leukemia (cll) were presented. Of those studies, phase iii oral presentations focused on the efficacy and safety of therapy with inhibitors of Bruton tyrosine kinase (btk) and Bcl-2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.27.6291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253738PMC

A population-based analysis of breast cancer incidence and survival by subtype in Ontario women.

Curr Oncol 2020 Apr 1;27(2):e191-e198. Epub 2020 May 1.

Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON.

Background: Breast cancer (bca) is the type of cancer most frequently diagnosed among women in Canada. Breast cancer is categorized into various molecular subtypes by the expression of estrogen receptor (er), progesterone receptor (pgr), and her2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2). Currently, Canada has no national cancer registry with epidemiology data by subtype. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5769DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253754PMC

Nonsurgical management of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: a clinical practice guideline.

Curr Oncol 2020 Apr 1;27(2):e106-e114. Epub 2020 May 1.

Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON.

Background: Practice guidelines based on a systematic review of the literature regarding the nonsurgical management of hepatocellular carcinoma (hcc) in North America are lacking. Resection and transplantation are the foundations for cure of hcc; however, most patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage, precluding those curative treatments. A number of local or regional therapies are used and are followed by systemic therapy for advanced or progressive disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5891DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253733PMC

Lenalidomide plus rituximab Vs rituximab alone in relapsed or refractory indolent lymphoma: A cost-effectiveness analysis.

Cancer Med 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of lenalidomide plus rituximab vs rituximab alone in patients with relapsed or refractory indolent lymphoma.

Methods: A Markov decision model was established to carry out the cost-effectiveness analysis. Three discrete health states, progression-free survival (PFS), progressive disease (PD), and death, were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.3121DOI Listing

Outcomes from the Health Resources and Services Administration's Dental Faculty Development Program.

J Dent Educ 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Academic Affairs, Department of Community Health, Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, Newark, New Jersey, USA.

Purpose/objectives: While the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) requires programs to conduct faculty development, implementation of faculty development activities vary widely. Faculty development programs can enhance teaching, research, and leadership skills needed to transition from clinical practice to teaching. In 2012, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) funded 6 institutions to plan, develop, and operate programs for training oral healthcare providers who plan to teach in general, pediatric, public health dentistry, or dental hygiene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jdd.12192DOI Listing

Global Research Activity on Elder Abuse: A Bibliometric Analysis (1950-2017).

Authors:
Waleed M Sweileh

J Immigr Minor Health 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Physiology, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Elder abuse is an emerging worldwide public health, human right, and social priority for governments and health policy makers. The aim of the current study was to provide an in-depth quantitative analysis of literature on elder abuse published in academic journals. A bibliometric method was implemented using Scopus database for the study period from 1950 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-020-01034-1DOI Listing

Development of a dynamic Chest Wall and operating table simulator to enhance congenital heart surgery simulation.

3D Print Med 2020 Jun 1;6(1):12. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics and Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, M5G1X8, Canada.

Background: The Hands-On Surgical Training in Congenital Heart Surgery (HOST-CHS) program using 3D printed heart models has received positive feedback from attendees. However, improvements were necessary in the simulator set up to replicate the ergonomics experienced in the operating room. This paper illustrates the development of a dynamic chest wall and operating table simulator to enhance the simulation experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41205-020-00067-4DOI Listing

Annual Cycle of Freshwater Diatoms in the High Arctic Revealed by Multiparameter Fluorescent Staining.

Microb Ecol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Viničná 7, 128 44, Prague 2, Czech Republic.

Diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) are important primary producers in a wide range of hydro-terrestrial habitats in polar regions that are characterized by many extreme environmental conditions. Nevertheless, how they survive periods of drought and/or freeze remains unknown. A general strategy of microorganisms to overcome adverse conditions is dormancy, but morphologically distinct diatom resting stages are rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-020-01521-wDOI Listing

Carbohydrate determination in honey samples by ion chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPAEC-MS).

Anal Bioanal Chem 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics (DAIS), University of Venice Ca' Foscari, Via Torino 155, 30172, Venice, Mestre, Italy.

Honey is a complex mixture of carbohydrates, in which the monosaccharides glucose and fructose are the most abundant compounds. Currently, more than 20 oligosaccharides have been identified in different varieties of honey normally at quite low concentration. A method was developed and validated using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometry detector to investigate the composition of carbohydrates in honey samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-020-02732-3DOI Listing

Genome sequence and comparative analysis of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) in northern Eurasia.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):8980. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Natural Resources Institute Finland, FI-31600, Jokioinen, Finland.

Reindeer are semi-domesticated ruminants that have adapted to the challenging northern Eurasian environment characterized by long winters and marked annual fluctuations in daylight. We explored the genetic makeup behind their unique characteristics by de novo sequencing the genome of a male reindeer and conducted gene family analyses with nine other mammalian species. We performed a population genomics study of 23 additional reindeer representing both domestic and wild populations and several ecotypes from various geographic locations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65487-yDOI Listing

Sub-arctic palsa degradation and the role of climatic drivers in the largest coherent palsa mire complex in Sweden (Vissátvuopmi), 1955-2016.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):8937. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 460, SE 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Substantial palsa degradation has occurred in Fennoscandia, which is considered to be driven by global climate change. Deeper understanding of the role of different climatic drivers on palsa decay, however, is lacking. We use meteorological data and aerial photographs from 1955 to 2016 to statistically identify the most important climatic drivers affecting changes in lateral-temporal palsa decay rates in the largest coherent palsa complex in Sweden, Vissátvuopmi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65719-1DOI Listing

Trends and causes of mortality in a population-based cohort of HIV-infected adults in Spain: comparison with the general population.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 2;10(1):8922. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Instituto de Salud Pública de Navarra - IdiSNA, Pamplona, Spain.

Combination antiretroviral therapy reduces mortality of HIV-infected persons. In Spain, where this therapy is widely available, we aim to evaluate mortality trends and causes of death in HIV-infected adults, and to estimate the excess mortality compared to the general population. From 1999 to 2018 mortality by causes was analyzed in a population-based cohort of adults aged 25 to 74 years diagnosed with HIV infection in Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65841-0DOI Listing

Adolescent body image: influencing factors and the clinician's role.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital.

Purpose Of Review: Body image is a crucial part of adolescent development for teens all over the world. Studies show that negative body image impacts many aspects of adolescent health and that anticipatory guidance about body image is important at the annual health maintenance exam visit. Weight bias is closely tied to body image and is associated with negative health effects as well; research shows weight bias is a problem throughout healthcare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000910DOI Listing

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Psychotropic Polypharmacy Prescribing Trends.

Pediatrics 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan.

Background And Objectives: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication use and psychotherapeutic polypharmacy is increasing. This study was designed to assess annual rates of ADHD medication prescribing and psychotherapeutic polypharmacy among patients 2 to 24 years old in the United States, identify commonly prescribed ADHD medications and concomitant psychotropic agents, and assess if specific characteristics are associated with polypharmacy.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we used publicly available ambulatory health care data sets to evaluate ADHD and psychotropic polypharmacy use in patients 2 to 24 years old from 2006 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-2832DOI Listing

Bibliometric study of scientific research on optometric visual therapy.

J Optom 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Neurology Unit, Hospital 12 de Octubre Research Institute (i+12), Madrid, Spain.

Purpose: To analyze scientific research in the field of visual therapy through a bibliometric study.

Methods: The database used in this bibliometric study was SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature, covering scientific journals, books, and conference proceedings. Using remote downloading techniques, articles published between 1946 and 2017 were selected by entering the main descriptors: "optometric vis* training", "optometric vis* therapy", "vis* therapy", "vis* training" limited to the title, key words and/or abstract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2019.12.007DOI Listing

The 2020 SGO Annual Meeting Report.

Gynecol Oncol 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2020.05.031DOI Listing

Malaria outbreak investigation in a rural area south of Zimbabwe: a case-control study.

Malar J 2020 Jun 1;19(1):197. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Ministry of Health and Child Care, P.O Box 441, Bulawayo, Matabeleland North Province, Zimbabwe.

Background: Ninety percent of the global annual malaria mortality cases emanate from the African region. About 80-90% of malaria transmissions in sub-Saharan Africa occur indoors during the night. In Zimbabwe, 79% of the population are at risk of contracting the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-020-03270-0DOI Listing

Socio-demographic and economic inequalities in modern contraception in 11 low- and middle-income countries: an analysis of the PMA2020 surveys.

Reprod Health 2020 Jun 1;17(1):82. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

International Center for Equity in Health (ICEH), Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro 1160, 3o piso, Pelotas, RS, 96020-220, Brazil.

Background: Contraception is a key component of sustainable development, empowering women, reducing the risk of maternal and child mortality and promoting economic growth. It is part of the Sustainable Development Goals agenda, where the aim is to achieve universal access to sexual and reproductive health. Our objective was to evaluate trends and inequalities in modern contraceptive prevalence, and according to the type of modern contraceptive, in 11 low- and middle-income countries that are partners of the Family Planning 2020 initiative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-00931-wDOI Listing

Tuberculosis infection and epidemiological characteristics in Haidian District, Beijing, 2005-2018.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 1;20(1):823. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510632, People's Republic of China.

Background: This study was aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristic of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Haidian District, Beijing from 2005 to 2018 and to provide suggestions for controlling tuberculosis (TB) development.

Methods: Epidemiological data about TB were obtained by the Infectious Disease Reporting System at different levels of medical institutions in Haidian District of Beijing from 2005 to 2018. The epidemiological methods combined with χ test were used to analyze the distribution of TB in population, time, region and TB diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08773-8DOI Listing

What lies beneath: a retrospective, population-based cohort study investigating clinical and resource-use characteristics of institutionalized older people in Catalonia.

BMC Geriatr 2020 Jun 2;20(1):187. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Central Catalonia Chronicity Research Group (C3RG), Centre for Health and Social Care Research (CESS), Universitat de Vic - University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVIC-UCC), 08500, Vic, Spain.

Background: Planning population care in a specific health care setting requires deep knowledge of the clinical characteristics of the target care recipients, which tend to be country specific. Our area virtually lacks any descriptive, far-reaching publications about institutionalized older people (IOP). We aimed to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of institutionalized older people (IOP) ≥65 years old and compare them with those of the rest of the population of the same age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-01587-8DOI Listing

Trends in the consumption rates of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-related drugs in the health region of Lleida from 2002 to 2015.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 1;20(1):818. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Unitat Trastorns Cognitius (Cognitive Disorders Unit), Clinical Neuroscience Research, IRBLleida, Santa Maria University Hospital, Rovira Roure n° 44, 25198, Lleida, Spain.

Background: The high prevalence and long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZDs) treatment are debated topics because of the risk they can cause to the patients. Despite the current information on the risk-benefit balance of these drugs, their consumption remains particularly high. We determined the trend in the consumption prevalence of benzodiazepines (BZDs) and drugs related to BZDs (Z-drugs) in the population of the Health Region of Lleida to explore patterns of use and the associated characteristics associated between 2002 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08984-zDOI Listing

Self-Assembled Nanomaterials for Chronic Skin Wound Healing.

Adv Wound Care (New Rochelle) 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA.

Chronic wounds are one of the major burdens of the U.S. health care system with an annual cost of $31. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/wound.2019.1077DOI Listing