310 results match your criteria Annual Review Of Clinical Psychology[Journal]


Prenatal Developmental Origins of Future Psychopathology: Mechanisms and Pathways.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA; email:

The developmental origins of health and disease hypothesis applied to neurodevelopmental outcomes asserts that the fetal origins of future development are relevant to mental health. There is a third pathway for the familial inheritance of risk for psychiatric illness beyond shared genes and the quality of parental care: the impact of pregnant women's distress-defined broadly to include perceived stress, life events, depression, and anxiety-on fetal and infant brain-behavior development. We discuss epidemiological and observational clinical data demonstrating that maternal distress is associated with children's increased risk for psychopathology: For example, high maternal anxiety is associated with a twofold increase in the risk of probable mental disorder in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095539DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Using A Developmental Ecology Framework to Align Fear Neurobiology Across Species.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA; email: , , ,

Children's development is largely dependent on caregiving; when caregiving is disrupted, children are at increased risk for numerous poor outcomes, in particular psychopathology. Therefore, determining how caregivers regulate children's affective neurobiology is essential for understanding psychopathology etiology and prevention. Much of the research on affective functioning uses fear learning to map maturation trajectories, with both rodent and human studies contributing knowledge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095727DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Abnormal Sleep Spindles, Memory Consolidation, and Schizophrenia.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215; email:

There is overwhelming evidence that sleep is crucial for memory consolidation. Patients with schizophrenia and their unaffected relatives have a specific deficit in sleep spindles, a defining oscillation of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) Stage 2 sleep that, in coordination with other NREM oscillations, mediate memory consolidation. In schizophrenia, the spindle deficit correlates with impaired sleep-dependent memory consolidation, positive symptoms, and abnormal thalamocortical connectivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095754DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Man and the Microbiome: A New Theory of Everything?

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Departments of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioural Science, University College Cork, Cork T12 K8AF, Ireland; email:

The gut microbiome is implicated in the pathophysiology of a wide range of psychological disorders. Preclinical studies have provided us with key insights into the mechanisms by which the microbiome influences bidirectional gut-brain communication. There are many signaling pathways involved, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, immune modulation, tryptophan and serotonin metabolism, bile acid transformation, microbial production of neuroactive compounds, and regulation of the endocannabinoid system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095432DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Estrogen, Stress, and Depression: Cognitive and Biological Interactions.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Tennessee Valley Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA.

This article reviews the interactions of estrogen changes and psychosocial stress in contributing to vulnerability to major depressive disorder (MDD) in women. Estrogen modulates brain networks and processes related to changes in stress response, cognition, and emotional dysregulation that are core characteristics of MDD. Synergistic effects of estrogen on cognitive and emotional function, particularly during psychosocial stress, may underlie the association of ovarian hormone fluctuation and depression in women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095557DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

History of Psychopharmacology.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1759, USA; email:

We live in an age of psychopharmacology. One in six persons currently takes a psychotropic drug. These drugs have profoundly shaped our scientific and cultural understanding of psychiatric disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095514DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Augmentation of Extinction and Inhibitory Learning in Anxiety and Trauma-Related Disorders.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Division of Depression and Anxiety Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, Massachusetts 02478, USA; email:

Although the fear response is an adaptive response to threatening situations, a number of psychiatric disorders feature prominent fear-related symptoms caused, in part, by failures of extinction and inhibitory learning. The translational nature of fear conditioning paradigms has enabled us to develop a nuanced understanding of extinction and inhibitory learning based on the molecular substrates to systems neural circuitry and psychological mechanisms. This knowledge has facilitated the development of novel interventions that may augment extinction and inhibitory learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095634DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Psychology's Replication Crisis and Clinical Psychological Science.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.

Despite psychological scientists' increasing interest in replicability, open science, research transparency, and the improvement of methods and practices, the clinical psychology community has been slow to engage. This has been shifting more recently, and with this review, we hope to facilitate this emerging dialogue. We begin by examining some potential areas of weakness in clinical psychology in terms of methods, practices, and evidentiary base. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095710DOI Listing
January 2019

Bifactor and Hierarchical Models: Specification, Inference, and Interpretation.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa city, Iowa 52242, USA; email:

Bifactor and other hierarchical models have become central to representing and explaining observations in psychopathology, health, and other areas of clinical science, as well as in the behavioral sciences more broadly. This prominence comes after a relatively rapid period of rediscovery, however, and certain features remain poorly understood. Here, hierarchical models are compared and contrasted with other models of superordinate structure, with a focus on implications for model comparisons and interpretation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095522DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Anxiety-Linked Attentional Bias: Is It Reliable?

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Elizabeth Rutherford Memorial Centre for the Advancement of Research on Emotion, School of Psychological Science, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009; email:

There is substantial evidence that heightened anxiety vulnerability is characterized by increased selective attention to threatening information. The reliability of this anxiety-linked attentional bias has become the focus of considerable recent interest. We distinguish between the potential inconsistency of anxiety-linked attentional bias and inconsistency potentially reflecting the psychometric properties of the assessment approaches used to measure it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095505DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Implicit Cognition and Psychopathology: Looking Back and Looking Forward.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 01 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904, USA; email:

Implicit cognitive processing is theorized to have a central role in many forms of psychopathology. In the current review, we focus on implicit associations, by which we mean evaluative representations in memory that are difficult to control and do not require conscious reflection to influence affect, cognition, or behavior. We consider definitional and measurement challenges before examining recent empirical evidence for these associations in anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, posttraumatic stress, depressive, and alcohol use disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095718DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

The Development of the ICD-11 Classification of Personality Disorders: An Amalgam of Science, Pragmatism, and Politics.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Centre for Psychiatry, Department of Medicine, Imperial College, London W12 0NN, United Kingdom; email: ,

The nomenclature of personality disorders in the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems represents the most radical change in the classification history of personality disorders. A dimensional structure now replaces categorical description. It was argued by the Working Group that only a dimensional system was consistent with the empirical evidence and, in the spirit of clinical utility, the new system is based on two steps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095736DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF): Assessment of Personality and Psychopathology in the Twenty-First Century.

Authors:
Martin Sellbom

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand; email:

This article describes the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) and situates the instrument in contemporary psychopathology and personality literature. The historical evolution of the MMPI instruments is highlighted, including how failure to update the test for several decades resulted in increasing disinterest by basic researchers and how the restructuring efforts beginning in the 2000s promised to realign the instrument with basic research. In this regard, the construct validity associated with MMPI-2-RF scores in the context of contemporary dimensional models of psychopathology is considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095701DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A Reciprocal Model of Pain and Substance Use: Transdiagnostic Considerations, Clinical Implications, and Future Directions.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244, USA; email: ,

Pain and substance use are highly prevalent and co-occurring conditions that continue to garner increasing clinical and empirical interest. Although nicotine and tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis each confer acute analgesic effects, frequent or heavy use may contribute to the development and progression of chronic pain, and pain may be heightened during abstinence. Additionally, pain can be a potent motivator of substance self-administration, and it may contribute to escalating use and poorer substance-related treatment outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095440DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

One-Session Treatment of Phobias in Children: Recent Developments and a Systematic Review.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; email:

One-session treatment is a well-established evidence-based treatment for specific phobias in youths that incorporates reinforcement, cognitive challenges, participant modeling, psychoeducation, and skills training into a single, massed session of graduated exposure. This review begins by briefly examining the phenomenology, etiology, epidemiology, and assessment of specific phobias and then pivots to a description of One-Session Treatment. We examine the use of One-Session Treatment with children and adolescents, briefly discussing its components and application, and subsequently review almost two decades of research supporting its efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095608DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

The Role of Common Factors in Psychotherapy Outcomes.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Clinical, Neuro-, and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands; email:

Psychotherapies may work through techniques that are specific to each therapy or through factors that all therapies have in common. Proponents of the common factors model often point to meta-analyses of comparative outcome studies that show all therapies have comparable effects. However, not all meta-analyses support the common factors model; the included studies often have several methodological problems; and there are alternative explanations for finding comparable outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095424DOI Listing
December 2018
39 Reads

Positive Psychology: A Personal History.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Positive Psychology Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA; email:

As president of APA in 1998, I organized researchers and practitioners to work on building well-being, not just on the traditional task of reducing ill-being. Substantial research then found that well-being causes many external benefits, including better physical and mental health. Among the applications of Positive Psychology are national psychological accounts of wellbeing, Positive Psychotherapy, the classification of strengths and virtues, Comprehensive Soldier Fitness, and Positive Education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095653DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Mindfulness Meditation and Psychopathology.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Center for Healthy Minds, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison,Wisconsin 53703, USA; email: , , , ,

Mindfulness meditation is increasingly incorporated into mental health interventions, and theoretical concepts associated with it have influenced basic research on psychopathology. Here, we review the current understanding of mindfulness meditation through the lens of clinical neuroscience, outlining the core capacities targeted by mindfulness meditation and mapping them onto cognitive and affective constructs of the Research Domain Criteria matrix proposed by the National Institute of Mental Health. We review efficacious applications of mindufulness meditation to specific domains of psychopathology including depression, anxiety, chronic pain, and substance abuse, as well as emerging efforts related to attention disorders, traumatic stress, dysregulated eating, and serious mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-021815-093423DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Biomedical Explanations of Psychopathology and Their Implications for Attitudes and Beliefs About Mental Disorders.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Center for Research on Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurologic, and Behavioral Genetics; Department of Psychiatry; Columbia University Medical Center; New York, NY 10032; email:

Mental disorders are increasingly conceptualized as biomedical diseases, explained as manifestations of genetic and neurobiological abnormalities. Here, we discuss changes in the dominant explanatory accounts of psychopathology that have occurred over time and the driving forces behind these shifts, lay out some real-world evidence for the increasing ascendancy of biomedical explanations, and provide an overview of the types of attitudes and beliefs that may be affected by them. We examine theoretical and conceptual models that are relevant to understanding how biomedical conceptualizations might affect attitudes and beliefs about mental disorders, and we review some empirical evidence that bears on this question. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095416DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Latent Growth and Dynamic Structural Equation Models.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05;14:55-89

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA; email:

Latent growth models make up a class of methods to study within-person change-how it progresses, how it differs across individuals, what are its determinants, and what are its consequences. Latent growth methods have been applied in many domains to examine average and differential responses to interventions and treatments. In this review, we introduce the growth modeling approach to studying change by presenting different models of change and interpretations of their model parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084840DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Social Security and Disability Due to Mental Impairment in Adults.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05;14:453-469

Westat, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA; email: ,

The Social Security Administration (SSA) oversees two disability programs, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Adults with mental impairments represent a very large component of the programs. Policy makers and SSA are concerned about the accuracy of disability determination and also about low levels of labor force participation among individuals with disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084754DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Behavioral Addictions as Mental Disorders: To Be or Not To Be?

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05;14:399-423

Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut 16032-3944, USA; email: , ,

Should excessive and problematic engagement in nonsubstance use behaviors be mental disorders? The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) repositioned gambling disorder in the substance use disorders section and introduced Internet gaming disorder in the research appendix; the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is also considering it. This article outlines pros and cons of considering behavioral addictions as mental disorders and also reviews the DSM-5 decision-making processes. It focuses on three conditions: gambling disorder, Internet gaming disorder (IGD), and Internet addiction (IA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045120DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5992581PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Introduction.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05;14:i-ii

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-cp-14-030618-100001DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Polygenic Risk Scores in Clinical Psychology: Bridging Genomic Risk to Individual Differences.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05;14:119-157

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Genomewide association studies (GWASs) across psychiatric phenotypes have shown that common genetic variants generally confer risk with small effect sizes (odds ratio < 1.1) that additively contribute to polygenic risk. Summary statistics derived from large discovery GWASs can be used to generate polygenic risk scores (PRS) in independent, target data sets to examine correlates of polygenic disorder liability (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084847DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Treatment Selection in Depression.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 1;14:209-236. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA; email:

Mental health researchers and clinicians have long sought answers to the question "What works for whom?" The goal of precision medicine is to provide evidence-based answers to this question. Treatment selection in depression aims to help each individual receive the treatment, among the available options, that is most likely to lead to a positive outcome for them. Although patient variables that are predictive of response to treatment have been identified, this knowledge has not yet translated into real-world treatment recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084746DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Stress, Telomeres, and Psychopathology: Toward a Deeper Understanding of a Triad of Early Aging.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 1;14:371-397. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Psychiatry; Center for Health and Community; Aging, Metabolism, and Emotions Center; University of California, San Francisco, California 94118, USA; email: ,

Telomeres play an important part in aging and show relationships to lifetime adversity, particularly childhood adversity. Meta-analyses demonstrate reliable associations between psychopathology (primarily depression) and shorter telomere length, but the nature of this relationship has not been fully understood. Here, we review and evaluate the evidence for impaired telomere biology as a consequence of psychopathology or as a contributing factor, and the important mediating roles of chronic psychological stress and impaired allostasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045054DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Evolutionary Perspectives on Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Psychiatric Disorders.

Authors:
Matthew C Keller

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 24;14:471-493. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience and the Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA; email:

Evolutionary medicine uses evolutionary theory to help elucidate why humans are vulnerable to disease and disorders. I discuss two different types of evolutionary explanations that have been used to help understand human psychiatric disorders. First, a consistent finding is that psychiatric disorders are moderately to highly heritable, and many, such as schizophrenia, are also highly disabling and appear to decrease Darwinian fitness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084854DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Culture's Influence on Stressors, Parental Socialization, and Developmental Processes in the Mental Health of Children of Immigrants.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 24;14:343-370. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Inclusive Education Group, College of Human Sciences, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany; email:

Children of immigrants represent one in four children in the United States and will represent one in three children by 2050. Children of Asian and Latino immigrants together represent the majority of children of immigrants in the United States. Children of immigrants may be immigrants themselves, or they may have been born in the United States to foreign-born parents; their status may be legal or undocumented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084925DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Antisocial Personality as a Neurodevelopmental Disorder.

Authors:
Adrian Raine

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 25;14:259-289. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA; email:

Although antisocial personality disorder (APD) is one of the most researched personality disorders, it is still surprisingly resistant to treatment. This lack of clinical progress may be partly due to the failure to view APD as a neurodevelopmental disorder and to consider early interventions. After first defining what constitutes a neurodevelopmental disorder, this review evaluates the extent to which APD meets neurodevelopmental criteria, covering structural and functional brain imaging, neurocognition, genetics and epigenetics, neurochemistry, and early health risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084819DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Machine Learning Approaches for Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 29;14:91-118. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Section for Neurodiagnostic Applications, Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich 80638, Germany; email: , ,

Machine learning approaches for clinical psychology and psychiatry explicitly focus on learning statistical functions from multidimensional data sets to make generalizable predictions about individuals. The goal of this review is to provide an accessible understanding of why this approach is important for future practice given its potential to augment decisions associated with the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of people suffering from mental illness using clinical and biological data. To this end, the limitations of current statistical paradigms in mental health research are critiqued, and an introduction is provided to critical machine learning methods used in clinical studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045037DOI Listing
May 2018
13 Reads

Lay Health Worker Involvement in Evidence-Based Treatment Delivery: A Conceptual Model to Address Disparities in Care.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 31;14:185-208. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA; email:

Mobilizing lay health workers (LHWs) to deliver evidence-based treatments (EBTs) is a workforce strategy to address mental health disparities in underserved communities. LHWs can be leveraged to support access to EBTs in a variety of ways, from conducting outreach for EBTs delivered by professional providers to serving as the primary treatment providers. This critical review provides an overview of how LHW-supported or -delivered EBTs have been leveraged in low-, middle-, and high-income countries (HICs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5940491PMC
May 2018
7 Reads

History of the Treatment of Female Sexual Dysfunction(s).

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 22;14:29-54. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario K1G 5Z3, Canada; email:

This article reviews the history of the treatment of women's sexual problems from the Victorian era to the twenty-first century. The contextual nature of determining what constitutes female sexual psychopathology is highlighted. Conceptions of normal sexuality are subject to cultural vagaries, making it difficult to identify female sexual dysfunctions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084802DOI Listing
May 2018
12 Reads

Realizing the Mass Public Benefit of Evidence-Based Psychological Therapies: The IAPT Program.

Authors:
David M Clark

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 19;14:159-183. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

Oxford Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, OX1 1TW Oxford, United Kingdom; email:

Empirically supported psychological therapies have been developed for many mental health conditions. However, in most countries only a small proportion of the public benefit from these advances. The English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) program aims to bridge the gap between research and practice by training over 10,500 new psychological therapists in empirically supported treatments and deploying them in new services for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084833DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5942544PMC
May 2018
8 Reads

Conduct Disorder and Neighborhood Effects.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 19;14:317-341. Epub 2018 Jan 19.

Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Texas, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA; email:

There has been a considerable amount of scholarly attention to the relationship between neighborhood effects and conduct disorder, particularly in recent years. Having said this, it has been nearly two decades since a comprehensive synthesis of this literature has been conducted. Relying on a detailed and comprehensive search strategy and inclusion criteria, this article offers a systematic and interdisciplinary review of 47 empirical studies that have examined neighborhood effects and conduct disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084911DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Cognitive Effects of Cancer and Cancer Treatments.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 18;14:425-451. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Neurocognitive Research Lab, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10022, USA; email: ,

As the population of cancer survivors has grown into the millions, there has been increasing emphasis on understanding how the late effects of treatment affect survivors' ability to return to work/school, their capacity to function and live independently, and their overall quality of life. This review focuses on cognitive change associated with cancer and cancer treatments. Research in this area has progressed from a pharmacotoxicology perspective to a view of the cognitive change as a complex interaction of aspects of the treatment, vulnerability factors that increase risk for posttreatment cognitive decline, cancer biology, and the biology of aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084903DOI Listing
May 2018
7 Reads

Risk Factors for Depression: An Autobiographical Review.

Authors:
Constance Hammen

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 12;14:1-28. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA; email:

I have been given a priceless opportunity to reflect on my career in the remarkably productive field of risk factors for depression. Psychological research on depression exploded in the early years of my work. I try to give an account of the choices and challenges, and reflect on the influences, some calculated and some serendipitous, that determined the paths I have followed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084811DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

Transforming the Treatment of Schizophrenia in the United States: The RAISE Initiative.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 12;14:237-258. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Zucker Hillside Hospital and the Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York 11549, USA.

The schizophrenia spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental illnesses with a lifetime prevalence near 1%, producing extensive functional impairment and low expectations for recovery. Until recently, treatment in the United States has largely attempted to stabilize individuals with chronic schizophrenia. The identification and promotion of evidence-based practices for schizophrenia via the Patient Outcomes Research Team, combined with international studies supporting the value of early intervention, provided the foundation for the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) project. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084934DOI Listing
May 2018
23 Reads

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Controversy, Developmental Mechanisms, and Multiple Levels of Analysis.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 05 8;14:291-316. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-1650, USA; email:

Controversy abounds regarding the symptom dimensions of attention problems, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, developmentally extreme and impairing levels of which compose the diagnostic category of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). I highlight causal factors, underlying mechanisms, developmental trajectories, and female manifestations of ADHD, integrating the psychobiological underpinnings of this syndrome with contextual factors related to its clinical presentation, impairments, and soaring increases in diagnosed prevalence. Indeed, despite strong heritability, ADHD is expressed via transactional patterns of influence linked to family-, school-, peer-, neighborhood-, and policy-related factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050817-084917DOI Listing
May 2018
38 Reads

The Philosophy of Nosology.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05;13:49-71

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Department of Psychiatry and Department of Human and Molecular Genetics, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23219-1534; email:

Many scholars believe that psychiatric nosology is undergoing a crisis of confidence. Some of the issues up for debate hark back to the introduction of the natural history approach to classification in the seventeenth century. Natural histories map sameness and difference rather than speculate about causes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045020DOI Listing
May 2017
12 Reads

Clinical Psychology Training: Accreditation and Beyond.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05;13:1-22

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94131; email:

Beginning with efforts in the late 1940s to ensure that clinical psychologists were adequately trained to meet the mental health needs of the veterans of World War II, the accreditation of clinical psychologists has largely been the province of the Commission on Accreditation of the American Psychological Association. However, in 2008 the Psychological Clinical Science Accreditation System began accrediting doctoral programs that adhere to the clinical science training model. This review discusses the goals of accreditation and the history of the accreditation of graduate programs in clinical psychology, and provides an overview of the evaluation procedures used by these two systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-021815-093559DOI Listing
May 2017
8 Reads

Irritability in Children and Adolescents.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05;13:317-341

Emotion and Development Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892; email: , ,

Irritability is a common and impairing clinical presentation in children and adolescents. Despite its significant public health impact, irritability remains an elusive construct. Chronic and severe irritability is the primary symptom of the new DSM-5 diagnosis, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-044941DOI Listing
May 2017
9 Reads

Subjective Cognitive Decline in Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05;13:369-396

Department of Neurology and Center for Alzheimer Research and Treatment, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.

Older adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) in the absence of objective neuropsychological dysfunction are increasingly viewed as at risk for non-normative cognitive decline and eventual progression to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. The past decade has witnessed tremendous growth in research on SCD, which may reflect the recognition of SCD as the earliest symptomatic manifestation of AD. Yet methodological challenges associated with establishing common assessment and classification procedures hamper the construct. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045136DOI Listing
May 2017
31 Reads

Psychological Treatments for the World: Lessons from Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05;13:149-181

Sangath, Goa, India 403501; email:

Common mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress, are leading causes of disability worldwide. Treatment for these disorders is limited in low- and middle-income countries. This systematic review synthesizes the implementation processes and examines the effectiveness of psychological treatments for common mental disorders in adults delivered by nonspecialist providers in low- and middle-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5506549PMC
May 2017
65 Reads
26 Citations
12.674 Impact Factor

Medical Marijuana and Marijuana Legalization.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05;13:397-419

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California 90407; email: ,

State-level marijuana liberalization policies have been evolving for the past five decades, and yet the overall scientific evidence of the impact of these policies is widely believed to be inconclusive. In this review we summarize some of the key limitations of the studies evaluating the effects of decriminalization and medical marijuana laws on marijuana use, highlighting their inconsistencies in terms of the heterogeneity of policies, the timing of the evaluations, and the measures of use being considered. We suggest that the heterogeneity in the responsiveness of different populations to particular laws is important for interpreting the mixed findings from the literature, and we highlight the limitations of the existing literature in providing clear insights into the probable effects of marijuana legalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045128DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358421PMC
May 2017
9 Reads

Introduction.

Authors:

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05;13:i-iii

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-cp-13-032217-100001DOI Listing
May 2017
8 Reads

Personal Sensing: Understanding Mental Health Using Ubiquitous Sensors and Machine Learning.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05 17;13:23-47. Epub 2017 Mar 17.

Center for Behavioral Intervention Technologies and Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611; email: ,

Sensors in everyday devices, such as our phones, wearables, and computers, leave a stream of digital traces. Personal sensing refers to collecting and analyzing data from sensors embedded in the context of daily life with the aim of identifying human behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and traits. This article provides a critical review of personal sensing research related to mental health, focused principally on smartphones, but also including studies of wearables, social media, and computers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-044949DOI Listing
May 2017
14 Reads

Self-Regulation and Psychopathology: Toward an Integrative Translational Research Paradigm.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05 24;13:497-523. Epub 2017 Mar 24.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708; email:

This article presents a general framework in which different manifestations of psychopathology can be conceptualized as dysfunctions in one or more mechanisms of self-regulation, defined as the ongoing process of managing personal goal pursuit in the face of internal, interpersonal, and environmental forces that would derail it. The framework is based on the assertion that self-regulation is a critical locus for the proximal influence on motivation, cognition, emotion, and behavior of more distal factors such as genetics, temperament, socialization history, and neurophysiology. Psychological theories of self-regulation are ideal platforms from which to integrate the study of self-regulation both within and across traditional disciplines. Read More

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http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045012DOI Listing
May 2017
13 Reads

Schooling and Children's Mental Health: Realigning Resources to Reduce Disparities and Advance Public Health.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05 24;13:123-147. Epub 2017 Mar 24.

Institute for Juvenile Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60608; email:

Schools have long been the primary setting for children's mental health services but have neither the resources nor the expertise to manage these services independently. The critical importance of school success for children's adjustment provides a strong rationale for schooling as an essential component of children's mental health services. In this article, we review evidence for how schooling and mental health coalesce, suggesting an alignment of school and community mental health resources that prioritizes successful schooling as a key mental health outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045234DOI Listing
May 2017
12 Reads

Memory Reconsolidation Interference as an Emerging Treatment for Emotional Disorders: Strengths, Limitations, Challenges, and Opportunities.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2017 05 27;13:99-121. Epub 2017 Mar 27.

Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands 1018WT; email:

Experimental research on emotional memory reconsolidation interference, or the induction of amnesia for previously established emotional memory, has a long tradition, but the potential of that research for the development of novel interventions to treat psychological disorders has been recognized only recently. Here we provide an overview of basic research and clinical studies on emotional memory reconsolidation interference. We point out specific advantages of interventions based on memory reconsolidation interference over traditional treatment for emotional disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045209DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5424072PMC
May 2017
13 Reads