146,737 results match your criteria Annual Reports in Pharmacopsychiatric Research[Journal]


Cost-Effectiveness Comparison of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines in Turkish Children.

Value Health Reg Issues 2019 Feb 15;19:34-44. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

GSK, Wavre, Belgium.

Background: The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) is used for universal infant vaccination in Turkey.

Objectives: To assess the cost effectiveness of replacing PCV13 with pneumococcal nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV).

Methods: A Markov cohort model with monthly cycles following 1 cohort of infants over a 10-year time horizon was used. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22121099193001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vhri.2018.11.007DOI Listing
February 2019
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Naturally occurring radioactive material and risk assessment of tailings of polymetallic and Ra/U mines from legacy sites.

Chemosphere 2019 Feb 11;223:171-179. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Empresa de Desenvolvimento Mineiro, SA. (EDM), Rua Sampaio e Pina, nº 1, 7º, 1070-248, Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address:

Old mine tailings from Northern and Central Portugal were studied in order to perform a radiological and chemical characterization. The evaluation of massic activity of natural radionuclides and concentrations in tailings of polymetallic and Ra/U mines was performed by gamma spectrometry and neutron activation analysis. Iron speciation was carried out by Mössbauer spectroscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.02.057DOI Listing
February 2019

County-level socioeconomic and crime risk factors for substantiated child abuse and neglect.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Feb 15;90:127-138. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, United States.

Rates of substantiated child abuse and neglect vary significantly across counties. Despite strong cross-sectional support for links between social-contextual characteristics and abuse and neglect, few longitudinal studies have tested relations between these risk factors and substantiated rates of abuse/neglect. The goal of this study was to identify county-level socioeconomic and crime factors associated with substantiated abuse/neglect rates over 13 years (2004-2016). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Integrating radon and thoron flux data with gamma radiation mapping in radon-prone areas. The case of volcanic outcrops in a highly-urbanized city (Roma, Italy).

J Environ Radioact 2019 Feb 15;202:41-50. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Università"Roma Tre", Dipartimento di Scienze, Largo San Leonardo Murialdo 1, 00146, Roma, Italy. Electronic address:

An integration of laboratory radon and thoron exhalation data with gamma radiation mapping is applied to assess the geogenic radon and the exposure of people to natural radiation in a highly-urbanized city (Roma, Italy). The study area is a protected territory where ignimbrites from Colli Albani volcano and alluvial sediments largely crop out. A map of total gamma radiation, a gamma transect across Caffarella valley and 9 vertical gamma profiles have been carried out, showing that the main control of gamma levels is, of course, the lithological nature, without neglecting the simultaneous effect of other parameters such as slope morphology, erosion/weathering processes, occurrence of sinkholes or underground tunnels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

A through year behavior of Cs in a Japanese flowering cherry tree in relation to that of potassium.

J Environ Radioact 2019 Feb 15;202:32-40. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute of Environmental Radioactivity of Fukushima University (IER), 1 Kanayagawa, Fukushima, Fukushima, 960-1296, Japan; Minamisoma City Hall, Odaka Ward Community Promotion Division, 2-28 Moto-machi Odaka, Minami Soma, Fukushima, 979-2195, Japan.

To understand the transfer of radiocesium (Cs) in inside of deciduous trees, changes in Cs activity concentrations, primarily derived from the Fukushima accident in March 2011, were observed in the upper parts of a Japanese flowering cherry tree (Prunus x yedoensis cv. Somei-Yoshino) between 2015 and 2018. The sampling of the foliar parts occurred over the entire leaf life span from winter bud to litterfall and those of the branches were distinguished based on emergence years (2017, 2016, 2015, 2014-2011, and 2010/before). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Contrasting wheat phenological responses to climate change in global scale.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Jan 30;665:620-631. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Institute of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System, School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, PR China. Electronic address:

Comprehensive analysis of how wheat phenology responds to environmental factors in global scale is helpful for tackling the possible adverse effects of ongoing climate change on wheat production. In this study, six phenological parameters of global wheat, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.394DOI Listing
January 2019

Partitioning climate and human contributions to changes in mean annual streamflow based on the Budyko complementary relationship in the Loess Plateau, China.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Jan 30;665:579-590. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China. Electronic address:

Reliable attribution of changes in streamflow is fundamental to our understanding of the hydrological cycle and is needed to enable decision makers to manage water resources in a sustainable way. Here, we used a new attribution method based on the Budyko framework (complementary method) to quantify the contributions of climate change and human activities to the changes in annual streamflow in 22 catchments on China's Loess Plateau during the past three decades. Our results showed that after the Grain-for-Green (GFG) project, the annual streamflow decreased by 36% on average (3-72%), with reductions being more intense in northern catchments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.386DOI Listing
January 2019

Diversity and abundance of airborne fungal spores in a rural cold dry desert environment in Argentinean Patagonia.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 8;665:513-520. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Escuela de Producción, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente, Universidad Nacional de Río Negro, Mitre 331, 8336 Villa Regina, Provincia de Río Negro, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Argentina.

This work describes a longitudinal study of three consecutive years carried out in the air of agricultural environments located in Northern Patagonia with cold dry desert climate (Köppen: Bwk). This study area comprises a rural valley with unique geographical and climatological conditions. Therefore, the aim of this work is to quantify and determine its fungal diversity, so this knowledge will contribute to detect potential pathogenic and toxic fungi that has been adapted to this type of environment and may overcome the incipient climate change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.115DOI Listing
February 2019

AAAAI/ACAAI subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) surveillance study (2013-2017): fatalities, infections, delayed reactions and use of epinephrine auto-injectors.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Immunology, Allergy, and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio; and Bernstein Clinical Research Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Background: SCIT is highly effective but safety risks exist.

Objective: The aims of this study were to: 1) identify clinical practices that could influence fatal and non-fatal systemic allergic reactions (SRs) to SCIT; and 2) identify SCIT-associated infections.

Methods: From 2008-2016, 27-51% of AAAAI/ACAAI members completed an annual survey of SCIT-related SRs of varying severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.01.058DOI Listing
February 2019

First molecular detection of Mycoplasma wenyonii and the ectoparasite biodiversity in dairy water buffalo and cattle in Bohol, Philippines.

Parasitol Int 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro City, Japan. Electronic address:

Hemoplasmosis caused by Mycoplasma spp. have been associated with major economic losses in the global dairy production. Hemoplasma studies in the Philippines are limited despite its potential impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Cost-effectiveness of web-based patient-reported outcome surveillance in lung cancer patients.

J Thorac Oncol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of radiation oncology, Jean Bernard center, Inter-regional Institute of Oncology, Le Mans, France.

Background: A multicenter randomized clinical trial in France found an overall survival benefit of web-based patient-reported outcome (PRO)-based surveillance following initial treatment for lung cancer compared with conventional surveillance. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of this PRO-based surveillance in lung cancer patients.

Methods: This medico-economic analysis employed data from the clinical trial, augmented by abstracted chart data and costs of consultations, imaging, transportations, information technology, and treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Title: Spatial distribution of abdominal aortic aneurysm surface expansion and correlation with maximum diameter and volume growth.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, Greece. Electronic address:

Objective: The growth rate of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is used as a surrogate marker of rupture risk. Its determination is based on maximum diameter increase. However, AAA expansion presents a significant spatial variability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.12.071DOI Listing
February 2019

Current concepts in severe acute and necrotizing pancreatitis: an evidence-based approach.

Gastroenterology 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Surgery, Amsterdam Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

The incidence of acute pancreatitis continues to rise, inducing substantial medical and social burden, with annual costs exceeding two billion dollars in the USA alone. Although the majority of patients develop mild pancreatitis, 20% develop severe and/or necrotizing pancreatitis, requiring advanced medical and interventional care. Morbidity resulting from local and systemic complications as well as invasive interventions result in mortality rates historically as high as 30%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.01.269DOI Listing
February 2019

Hemilaminectomy, Diverticular Marsupialization, and Vertebral Stabilization for Thoracolumbar Spinal Arachnoid Diverticula in Five Dogs.

J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2019 Mar/Apr;55(2):110-116. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

From Aikawa Veterinary Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

Medical records (2004-2016) of five dogs with a thoracolumbar spinal arachnoid diverticula (SAD) that was diagnosed with stress myelography in four dogs and magnetic resonance imaging in three, and who had hemilaminectomy, diverticular marsupialization, and vertebral stabilization, were reviewed. Data on previous treatment, pre- and postoperative neurologic status, diagnostic findings, surgical techniques, and outcomes was retrieved. Follow-up clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed immediately; ∼1, 2, and 6 mo postoperatively; and at annual follow-up examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5326/JAAHA-MS-6762DOI Listing
January 2019

Podocyte histone deacetylase activity regulates murine and human glomerular diseases.

J Clin Invest 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, and.

We identified 2 genes, histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and HDAC2, contributing to the pathogenesis of proteinuric kidney diseases, the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease. mRNA expression profiling from proteinuric mouse glomeruli was linked to Connectivity Map databases, identifying HDAC1 and HDAC2 with the differentially expressed gene set reversible by HDAC inhibitors. In numerous progressive glomerular disease models, treatment with valproic acid (a class I HDAC inhibitor) or SAHA (a pan-HDAC inhibitor) mitigated the degree of proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis, leading to a striking increase in survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/JCI124030DOI Listing
February 2019

Serum Potassium Is Associated with Cognitive Decline in Patients with Lewy Body Dementia.

J Alzheimers Dis 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, Haraldsplass Deaconess Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Epidemiological studies link serum potassium (K +) to cognitive performance, but whether cognitive prognosis in dementia is related to K + levels is unknown.

Objective: To determine if K + levels predict cognitive prognosis in dementia and if this varies according to diagnosis or neuropathological findings.

Methods: This longitudinal cohort study recruited 183 patients with mild Alzheimer's disease or Lewy body dementia (LBD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-181131DOI Listing
February 2019

Genetic basis and outcome in a nationwide study of Finnish patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

ESC Heart Fail 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Medicine, Center for Medicine and Clinical Research, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 100, FIN-70029 KYS, Kuopio, Finland.

Aims: Nationwide large-scale genetic and outcome studies in cohorts with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have not been previously published.

Methods And Results: We sequenced 59 cardiomyopathy-associated genes in 382 unrelated Finnish patients with HCM and found 24 pathogenic or likely pathogenic mutations in six genes in 38.2% of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.12420DOI Listing
February 2019

Is the incidence of anaplastic thyroid cancer increasing: A population based epidemiology study.

World J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 11;5(1):34-40. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Medical University of South Carolina, 135 Rutledge Ave., Charleston, SC., 29425, USA.

Objective: To provide an understanding of the incidence of anaplastic thyroid cancer within the United States.

Methods: Patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were included from 1973 to 2014 based on a diagnosis of anaplastic thyroid cancer using ICD O-3 codes. Patients were categorized into cohorts based on their year of diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wjorl.2018.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364517PMC

Costs of Medical Care Among Augmentation Therapy Users and Non-Users with Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency in the United States.

Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis 2018 Nov 8;6(1):6-16. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Pharmaceutical Health Services Research Department, School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore.

: This study is the first to utilize a large claims database to estimate medical costs of patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) in the United States. Adult AATD patients were identified from the OptumLabs™ Data Warehouse. Insurer and patient out-of-pocket costs were categorized into the following cost buckets, stratified by augmentation therapy use: physician visits (PV), emergency department visits (ED), inpatient stays (IP), augmentation therapy (AUG), other prescription drug costs (RX), and other costs (OTH). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15326/jcopdf.6.1.2017.0187DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373584PMC
November 2018

Patterns and trends of malaria in 25 risk districts of Nepal from 2001 to 2017.

Clin Exp Vaccine Res 2019 Jan 31;8(1):77-85. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Purpose: Malaria has been one of a major infectious parasitic disease in Nepal. Although the number of cases is gradually getting declined since last decade. Therefore, study aims to identify the trends and spatial patterns of malaria among 25 risk districts of Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7774/cevr.2019.8.1.77DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369122PMC
January 2019

Musculoskeletal Disorders a Universal Source of Pain and Disability Misunderstood and Mismanaged: A Critical Analysis Based on the U.S. Model of Care.

Anesth Pain Med 2018 Dec 15;8(6):e85532. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Pain Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Musculoskeletal disorders are the leading source of pain and disability globally but are especially prevalent in the industrialized nations including the U.S. In addition to the substantial individual suffering caused the rising monetary costs of these disorders are noteworthy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/aapm.85532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348332PMC
December 2018

Discordant financial conflicts of interest disclosures between clinical trial conference abstract and subsequent publication.

PeerJ 2019 11;7:e6423. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) are known to be prevalent in medicine. Authorship of pivotal trials reap non-financial benefits including publication productivity that can be used for assessment of tenure positions and promotion. The purpose of this investigation was to quantify the prevalence and discordance of academic trial author (authors) FCOI in industry-sponsored drug trials that were initially presented as oral abstracts and subsequently resulted in a peer-reviewed publication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375255PMC
February 2019

Nation-scale primary prevention to reduce newly incident adolescent drug use: the issue of lag time.

PeerJ 2019 12;7:e6356. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Background: There is limited evidence about the effects of United States (US) nation-level policy changes on the incidence of alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking. To investigate the potential primary prevention effects on precocious drug use and to clarify lag-time issues, we estimated incidence rates for specified intervals anticipating and lagging after drug policy enactment. Our hypotheses are (a) reductions in underage drinking or smoking onset and (b) increases of incidence at the legal age (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6356DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376940PMC
February 2019

Responses of to lime and biochar application in an acid soil.

PeerJ 2019 12;7:e6346. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Introduction: Rice bean (), as an annual summer legume, is always subjected to acid soils in tropical to subtropical regions, limiting its growth and nodulation. However, little is known about its responses to lime and biochar addition, the two in improving soil fertility in acid soils.

Materials And Methods: In the current study, a pot experiment was conducted using rice bean on a sandy yellow soil (Orthic Acrisol) with a pH of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376937PMC
February 2019

Single dose of DPX-rPA, an enhanced-delivery anthrax vaccine formulation, protects against a lethal spore inhalation challenge.

NPJ Vaccines 2019 8;4. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

IMV Inc., 130 Eileen Stubbs Avenue, Suite 19, Dartmouth, NS B3B 2C4 Canada.

Anthrax is a serious biological threat caused by pulmonary exposure to aerosolized spores of . Biothrax (anthrax vaccine adsorbed (AVA)) is the only Food and Drug Administration-licensed vaccine and requires five administrations over 12 months with annual boosting to maintain pre-exposure prophylaxis. Here we report the evaluation of a single intramuscular injection of recombinant -protective antigen (rPA) formulated in the DPX delivery platform. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41541-019-0102-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368554PMC
February 2019

Parents and clinicians: partners in perinatal bereavement research -experiences from the International Stillbirth Alliance Conference 2017.

Res Involv Engagem 2019 1;5. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

1Pregnancy Loss Research Group, Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research (INFANT), University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

In recent years, there has been a global call to reduce the numbers of preventable stillbirths and increase public awareness about the incidence and impact of pregnancy loss. The lived experiences of bereaved parents have much to contribute to developing the research agenda and clinical care in pregnancy loss. The multidisciplinary Pregnancy Loss Research Group (PLRG) based at the INFANT Centre at University College Cork and Cork University Maternity Hospital, has an established practice of active engagement and participation of patient members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40900-018-0137-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357380PMC
February 2019

Dry eye disease ranking among common reasons for seeking eye care in a large US claims database.

Clin Ophthalmol 2019 1;13:225-232. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: Dry eye disease (DED) is a complex multifactorial condition of the ocular surface characterized by symptoms of ocular discomfort, irritation, and visual disturbance. Data previously reported from this study showed an increase in prevalence and incidence of DED with age and over time. The objective of this study was to compare the ranking of DED prevalence among other ocular conditions that led patients to seek eye care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S188314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362914PMC
February 2019

Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Qasr-e Shirin, a border area in the west of Iran.

Vet World 2018 Dec 17;11(12):1692-1697. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Aim: The prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is growing in Iran, and new sources of the disease have been found in the country. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of CL in Qasr-e Shirin County, Kermanshah Province, West of Iran. Qasr-e Shirin is located near the Iran-Iraq border, and several million pilgrims pass through this area to Iraq every year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2018.1692-1697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362329PMC
December 2018

Epidemiology and economic loss of fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis in Arak, Iran.

Vet World 2018 Dec 10;11(12):1648-1655. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Aim: Fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis are important parasitic diseases worldwide, causing significant financial losses due to decrease in production and viscera condemnation in animals. We performed the current research to assess the epidemiology of these infections and determine their significance from an economic perspective in Arak, Iran.

Materials And Methods: In total, we evaluated 118,463 sheep, 207,652 goats, and 43,675 cattle through necropsic analysis at the slaughterhouses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2018.1648-1655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362328PMC
December 2018

ASAP: A new global early warning system to detect anomaly hot spots of agricultural production for food security analysis.

Agric Syst 2019 Jan;168:247-257

European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Directorate D - Sustainable Resources, Via E. Fermi 2749, I-21027 Ispra, VA, Italy.

Monitoring crop and rangeland conditions is highly relevant for early warning and response planning in food insecure areas of the world. Satellite remote sensing can obtain relevant and timely information in such areas where ground data are scattered, non-homogenous, or frequently unavailable. Rainfall estimates provide an outlook of the drivers of vegetation growth, whereas time series of satellite-based biophysical indicators at high temporal resolution provide key information about vegetation status in near real-time and over large areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2018.07.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360855PMC
January 2019

Using reanalysis in crop monitoring and forecasting systems.

Agric Syst 2019 Jan;168:144-153

European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Italy.

Weather observations are essential for crop monitoring and forecasting but they are not always available and in some cases they have limited spatial representativeness. Thus, reanalyses represent an alternative source of information to be explored. In this study, we assess the feasibility of reanalysis-based crop monitoring and forecasting by using the system developed and maintained by the European Commission- Joint Research Centre, its gridded daily meteorological observations, the biased-corrected reanalysis AgMERRA and the ERA-Interim reanalysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2018.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360535PMC
January 2019

A Multicenter Large-Scale Retrospective Analysis of the Correlation between Body Mass Index and All-Cause Mortality in Patients with Type 2 diabetes Mellitus: A Seven-Year Real-World Study.

Endocr Res 2019 Feb 18:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a Department of Intensive Care Unit , The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University , Wenzhou , Zhejiang , P.R. China.

Aims: To investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to determine any sex-specific differences in this association.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled patients with T2DM and investigated the annual death data for seven years starting from 2010. All-cause mortality was calculated using Life Tables analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07435800.2019.1573826DOI Listing
February 2019

[Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion improves intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction by suppressing TNF-α-mediated apoptosis pathway of intestinal epithelium in rats with Crohn's disease].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2019 Jan;44(1):1-7

Yueyang Clinical Medical School, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China; Shanghai Research Institute of Acupuncture-moxibustion and Meridian, Shanghai 200030.

Objective: To observe the effect of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion (Moxi) on tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α/ TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1)-associated death domain (TRADD) / Fas-associated death domain (FADD) pathway-mediated apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells in Crohn's disease (CD) rats, so as to explore its underlying mechanisms in the treatment of CD.

Methods: Forty-eight SD male rats were randomly divided into normal, model, Moxi and medication groups (=12 rats in each). The CD model was established by intra-annual perfusion of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) solution (TNBS∶50% alcohol=2∶1, 3 mL/kg), once every 7 days, 4 times altogether. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13702/j.1000-0607.180512DOI Listing
January 2019

Design, Performance, and Application of Thermoelectric Nanogenerators.

Small 2019 Feb 18:e1805241. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, Beijing Key Laboratory of Micro-Nano Energy and Sensor, Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100083, P. R. China.

Thermal energy harvesting from the ambient environment through thermoelectric nanogenerators (TEGs) is an ideal way to realize self-powered operation of electronics, and even relieve the energy crisis and environmental degradation. As one of the most significant energy-related technologies, TEGs have exhibited excellent thermoelectric performance and played an increasingly important role in harvesting and converting heat into electric energy, gradually becoming one of the hot research fields. Here, the development of TEGs including materials optimization, structural designs, and potential applications, even the opportunities, challenges, and the future development direction, is analyzed and summarized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201805241DOI Listing
February 2019

Sheep tick Ixodes ricinus management on Welsh hill farms of designated conservation importance: implications for nationally declining birds.

Med Vet Entomol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Mountain Lodge, Taenant, Penycae, Wrexham, U.K.

Impacts of sheep ticks Ixodes ricinus on livestock, gamebirds and wildlife are of concern across Europe. The present study describes livestock and tick management by 36 farmers from three upland sites of conservation importance in North Wales, where farmers consider that ticks have increased during the last 25 years. Sheep, average densities of 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mve.12368DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of reduced pulmonary function in the Japanese general population: Lessons from the Yamagata-Takahata study.

Respir Investig 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Nephrology, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan. Electronic address:

Regional epidemiological studies for respiratory diseases have been rarely performed in Japan, because spirometry is not regularly conducted in the standard annual health checks. The Yamagata-Takahata Study is an epidemiological study utilizing regional characteristics based on the 21st Century Centers of Excellence (COE) Program and the Global COE Program. Spirometric examination and other specific measurements via blood sampling were performed for the study participants in annual health check-ups held in Takahata, a town in Yamagata Prefecture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resinv.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019

IFPA meeting 2018 workshop report II: Abnormally invasive placenta; inflammation and infection; preeclampsia; gestational trophoblastic disease and drug delivery.

Placenta 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Mother Infant Research Institute, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Workshops are an important part of the IFPA annual meeting as they allow for discussion of specialized topics. At IFPA meeting 2018 there were nine themed workshops, five of which are summarised in this report. These workshops discussed new perspectives and knowledge in the following areas of research: 1) preeclampsia; 2) abnormally invasive placenta; 3) placental infection; 4) gestational trophoblastic disease; 4) drug delivery to treat placental dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing the threats of organophosphate esters (flame retardants and plasticizers) to drinking water safety based on USEPA oral reference dose (RfD) and oral cancer slope factor (SFO).

Water Res 2019 Feb 1;154:84-93. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China; School of Marine Science and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, China. Electronic address:

As one group of emerging pollutants, the threat of organophosphate esters (flame retardants and plasticizers, OPEs) to drinking water safety is not well recognized. Now, the oral reference dose (RfD) and oral cancer slope factor (SFO) of OPEs have been updated by USPEA, therefore the threat of OPEs to drinking water safety could be assessed. In this study, occurrence, health risk and key impact factor of OPEs in drinking water of China were analyzed covering 79 cities, whose population and gross domestic product (GDP) accounted for 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.01.035DOI Listing
February 2019

Estimating nitrogen flows of agricultural soils at a landscape level - A modelling study of the Upper Enns Valley, a long-term socio-ecological research region in Austria.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 5;665:275-289. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria; Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Zielona Góra, Licealna 9, PL 65-417 Zielona Góra, Poland. Electronic address:

This paper explores the fate of reactive nitrogen (Nr) on the landscape scale of present agricultural production practice on arable and grassland soils. We use the soil modelling tool LandscapeDNDC (landscape scale DeNitrification-DeComposition model) to quantify resulting flows of Nr distributed to the atmosphere, hydrosphere and the crops. Test area is a watershed in the Austrian Alps characterized by arable production in the low-lying areas and grassland in the mountains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.071DOI Listing
February 2019

Trends in Asthma Control, Treatment, Healthcare Utilization and Expenditures among Children in the United States by Place of Residence: 2003-2014.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.

Background: Examining national trends in asthma treatment and control is essential to inform treatment and public health initiatives.

Objective: Explore national trends in asthma control and treatment over time among children and those residing in poor-urban areas.

Methods: This was an analysis of trends from 2003-2014 among children (aged 1-17) in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.01.055DOI Listing
February 2019

Twenty-Five Year Trends in the Incidence of Ductal Carcinoma in Situ in US Women.

J Am Coll Surg 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Codman Center for Clinical Effectiveness in Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.

Background: The rising incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) since the widespread enactment of mammography screening has been well documented. Patterns in DCIS incidence among women of various ages and across different racial/ethnic groups have not been well described.

Study Design: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results public-use dataset was queried for all women aged >40 years and diagnosed with DCIS between 1990 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2019.01.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Defining a "High Volume" Radical Cystectomy Hospital: Where Do We Draw the Line?

Eur Urol Focus 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Urology, Vattikuti Urology Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA.

Background: Centralization of radical cystectomy (RC) to "high volume" centers can lead to decreased morbidity but also limits access to care. In the context of centralization, there is a need to systematically define the hospital volume cutoffs for this procedure.

Objective: To systematically examine the effect of hospital volume on inpatient complications of RC for bladder cancer and to define a threshold to minimize RC morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euf.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Trajectories of Accumulation of Health Deficits in Older Adults: Are There Variations According to Health Domains?

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain; National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: To analyze sex- and education-specific trajectories of health deficits accumulation (DA) throughout old age and to examine whether these trajectories differ according to health domains.

Design: Population-based prospective cohort study.

Setting: and participants: In Spain, 3228 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 years or older were followed up for 10 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2018.12.023DOI Listing
February 2019

Untapped Resources: Attaining Equitable Representation for Women in IR.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Interventional Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3630, Stanford, CA 94305. Electronic address:

Purpose: To investigate the current state of gender diversity among invited coordinators at the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) Annual Scientific Meeting and to compare the academic productivity of female interventional radiologists to that of invited male coordinators.

Materials And Methods: Faculty rosters for the SIR Annual Scientific Meetings from 2015 to 2017 were stratified by gender to quantify female representation among those asked to lead and coordinate podium sessions. To quantify academic productivity and merit, H-index, publications, and authorship by females over a 6-year period (2012-2017) were statistically compared to that of recurring male faculty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2018.10.028DOI Listing
February 2019

IFPA meeting 2018 workshop report I: Reproduction and placentation among ocean-living species; placental imaging; epigenetics and extracellular vesicles in pregnancy.

Placenta 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Mother Infant Research Institute, Tufts Medical Center, USA. Electronic address:

Workshops are an important part of the IFPA annual meeting as they allow for discussion of specialized topics. At IFPA meeting 2018 there were nine themed workshops, four of which are summarized in this report. These workshops discussed new knowledge and technological innovations in the following areas of research: 1) viviparity in ocean-living species; 2) placental imaging; 3) epigenetics; and 4) extracellular vesicles in pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Characterization of swine movements in the United States and implications for disease control.

Prev Vet Med 2019 Mar 11;164:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

University of Minnesota, Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, 1988 Fitch Ave., St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA. Electronic address:

Understanding between-farm movement patterns is an essential component in developing effective surveillance and control programs in livestock populations. Quantitative knowledge on movement patterns is particularly important for the commercial swine industry, in which large numbers of pigs are frequently moved between farms. Here, we described the annual movement patterns between swine farms in three production systems of the United States and identified farms that may be targeted to increase the efficacy of infectious disease control strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2019.01.001DOI Listing

Improved survival of glioblastoma patients treated at academic and high-volume facilities: a hospital-based study from the National Cancer Database.

J Neurosurg 2019 Feb 15:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1The Vivian L. Smith Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston McGovern Medical School.

OBJECTIVEThe present study was designed to explore the association between facility type (academic center [AC] vs non-AC), facility volume (high-volume facility [HVF] vs low-volume facility [LVF]), and outcomes of glioblastoma (GBM) treatment.METHODSBased on the National Cancer Database (NCDB), GBM patients were categorized by treatment facility type (non-AC vs AC) and volume [4 categories (G1-G4): < 5.0, 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.JNS182247DOI Listing
February 2019

Changes in blood pressure associated with lead, manganese, and selenium in a Bangladeshi cohort.

Environ Pollut 2019 Feb 7;248:28-35. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, School of Public Health, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Heavy metal contamination is widespread in Bangladesh. Previous studies have observed lead increases blood pressure over time. However, the role of other metal contaminants and essential micronutrients, which could also adversely affect blood pressure or act as protective factors, is understudied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.129DOI Listing
February 2019

Temporal and geographical variations in colorectal cancer incidence in Northern Iran 2004-2013.

Cancer Epidemiol 2019 Feb 13;59:143-147. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Research, Cancer Registry of Norway, Institute of Population-Based Cancer Research, Oslo, Norway; Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Genetic Epidemiology Group, Folkhälsan Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers in the Golestan province, Northern Iran. The purpose of this study is to describe colorectal cancer incidence patterns and trends in the province 2004-2013.

Methods: Data on CRC cases were obtained from the Golestan Population-based Cancer Registry (GPCR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Molecular phylogenetics and species delimitation in annual species of Hydrocotyle (Araliaceae) from South Western Australia.

Authors:
Andrew J Perkins

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Western Australian Herbarium, Biodiversity and Conservation Science, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, Western Australia 6983. Electronic address:

Hydrocotyle L. is a cosmopolitan genus, with approximately 150 species, of mostly perennial herbs in the family Araliaceae. The genus includes around 115 perennial and 35 annual species, with all annual species endemic to Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019