627 results match your criteria Annals of pediatric cardiology[Journal]


Vertical vein aneurysm in supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):69-70

Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Aneurysmal dilatation of the vertical vein in a case of supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is an extremely rare condition. It has been reported to occur secondary to severe compression of the vertical vein when it traverses between the left bronchus and the left pulmonary artery. We present a 14-year-old male with supracardiac TAPVC with a vertical vein aneurysm, probably secondary to stenosis caused by a thin membranous web just proximal to the aneurysm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_100_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343375PMC
February 2019

Bronchial compression as adverse effect of right pulmonary artery stenting in a patient with truncus arteriosus communis and interrupted aortic arch.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):66-68

Department of Pediatrics, East Carolina University 115 Heart Drive Greenville, NC 27834, USA.

Aortic arch obstruction and bronchial compression are possible postoperative complications in patients with truncus arteriosus communis (TAC) with interrupted aortic arch (IAA). We present a case of bronchial compression as adverse effect of right pulmonary artery (PA) stenting in an infant with TAC (Type 4A)-IAA (Type B) repair. Due to growth potential, self-expandable metal stent was applied for postoperative proximal right PA stenosis, which caused bronchial compression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_63_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343374PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Unroofed coronary sinus: An unusual interatrial communication and a rare childhood entity.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):64-65

Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Kauvery Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Unroofed coronary sinus, an unusual form of interatrial communication, is a rare cardiac anomaly. It is not a true defect of the atrial septum. It is described as a partial (focal or fenestrated) or complete absence of the roof of the coronary sinus, resulting in a communication between the coronary sinus and left atrium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_119_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343380PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Novel use of covered stents to treat profound cyanosis in a hepatic vein exclusion Fontan.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):60-63

University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.

Fontan completion in patients with complex cardiac anatomy, and specifically heterotaxy syndrome, can present unique physiologic considerations. For example, existing venous connections may be "unmasked" after a cavopulmonary anastomosis operation. We present the case of a child with heterotaxy, dextrocardia, single-ventricle physiology, and anomalous hepatic venous drainage that resulted in profound shunting and cyanosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_125_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343381PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Double whammy: A case of bilateral bicuspid arterial valves in transposition, with a review of the literature.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):56-59

Cardiovascular Research Center, Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, United Kingdom.

Bicuspidity of both the semilunar valves is rarely reported. We report the first ever case of bilateral bicuspid semilunar valves in a case of transposition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_88_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343379PMC
February 2019

Ventricular arrhythmia: A feature of tubercular myocarditis.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):53-55

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, India.

Tuberculat myocarditis is an extremely rare entity with few published reports. We report a 13 year old male who presented with ventriculat tachycardia. On evaluation he was observed to have MRI features and workup consistent with nodular variant of tubercular myocarditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_123_13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343378PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Repair of Scimitar syndrome using an extracardiac conduit in pediatric patients: Report of two patients.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):49-52

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Scimitar syndrome (SS) can be repaired by different surgical techniques including direct implantation, intracardiac rerouting, and pericardial channel to direct the Scimitar vein (SV) to the left atrium. The presence of several anatomical variations such as remote infradiaphragmatic drainage of the SV and abnormal situs makes the repair more challenging with conventional repair techniques. In this paper, we present our experience in using an extracardiac-ringed polytetrafluoroethylene conduit in two pediatric patients (14 months and 2 years old) with SS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_92_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343385PMC
February 2019

Symptomatic improvement using everolimus in infants with cardiac rhabdomyoma.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):45-48

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: Cardiac rhabdomyoma (CR) often shows spontaneous regression and needs close follow-up. These tumors may be associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), caused by the disinhibition of m-TOR protein.

Objective: The aim of the study is to observe the efficacy of everolimus in infants with significant CR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_79_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343372PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Outcome of pediatric cardiac surgery and predictors of major complication in a developing country.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):38-44

Integrated Cardiac Centre, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Evaluating outcome and identifying predictors of major complications among children undergoing cardiac surgery are essential to improve care. We evaluated short-term outcomes of postcardiac surgery and predictors of major complications in a national referral hospital in Indonesia.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted from April 2014 to March 2015 on all children undergoing cardiac surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_146_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343386PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

N-terminal-pro-b-type natriuretic peptide levels and cardiac hemosiderosis in adolescent β-thalassemia major patients.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):32-37

Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Iron-induced cardiomyopathy remains the leading cause of mortality in patients with β-thalassemia major. Iron overload cardiomyopathy, which may be reversible through iron chelation, is characterized by early diastolic dysfunction. Amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a sensitive biomarker of diastolic dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_49_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343373PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Short-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes after use of polytetrafluoroethylene bicuspid pulmonary valve during the repair of tetralogy of Fallot.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):25-31

Department of Pediatric Cardiac Sciences, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi, India.

Background: Application of transannular patch (TAP) during the repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) leads to the development of pulmonary regurgitation (PR). This PR is known to cause right ventricular (RV) volume overload and dysfunction which in turn leads to increase in both morbidity and mortality both in immediate and long-term periods. Here, we sought to analyze the effects of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) pulmonary bicuspid valve on the early outcome of patients with TOF repair where TAP is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_51_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343384PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio used as prognostic factor marker for dilated cardiomyopathy in childhood and adolescence.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):18-24

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Hospital das Clínicas, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio, from the hemograms obtained from children and adolescents with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and to correlate them with the levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and with the clinical evolution of these patients in the long term.

Materials And Methods: Follow-up of 57 patients with DCM was made retrospectively, with hemogram and BNP level determination being performed after optimized therapy for heart failure. We compared the findings of the patients' examinations that progressed with stability in relation to the occurrence of transplant listing, cardiac transplantation, or evolution to death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_47_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343383PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Early predictors of cardiac dysfunction in Egyptian children with chronic kidney disease.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):10-17

Department of Clinical Pathology, Tanta Faculty of Medicine, Tanta, Egypt.

Background: Cardiovascular morbidity (CVM) is the main etiology of mortality in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD associated cardiovascular mortality is more common in children with diastolic cardiac dysfunction which was considered as an early indicator for death, while increased left ventricular mass (LVM) is a strong independent risk factor for these patients. Vitamin D deficiency was previously studied as one of the risk factors for CVM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_12_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343377PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Early right ventricular function following trans-right atrial versus trans-right atrial, trans-right ventricular repair of Tetralogy of Fallot: Results of a prospective randomized study.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):3-9

Cardiothoracic Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objective: We compared the pre- and post-operative right ventricular (RV) function by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) between trans-right atrial (t-RA) versus t-RA/RV (RA/RV) approach for the repair of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF).

Patients And Methods: Fifty consecutive patients, 1-15 years of age, undergoing intracardiac repair of TOF between September 2015 and June 2016 were randomized into two groups based on the approach for repair as follows: t-RA or t-RA/RV approach. TAPSE was used for the assessment of pre- and post-operative RV function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_40_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343382PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Pediatric cardiac surgery in low- and middle-income countries - Fighting the odds.

Authors:
Krishna S Iyer

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Jan-Apr;12(1):1-2

Department of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_192_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343376PMC
February 2019

Erratum: Fetal cardiac arrhythmias: Current evidence.

Authors:

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):332

[This corrects the article on p. 148 in vol. 11, PMID: 29922012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0974-2069.240856DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146855PMC
October 2018

Coronary-to-pulmonary artery collaterals in pulmonary atresia.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):328-329

Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

A 2-month-old baby with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary atresia was found to have coronary-to-pulmonary artery collaterals. Cardiac computed tomography confirmed the coronary collaterals and showed the absence of other systemic to pulmonary artery collaterals. Although these collaterals do not cause coronary ischemia, it is important to delineate them by accurate imaging to plan the appropriate surgical strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_29_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146858PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery associated with an aortopulmonary window.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):325-327

Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the pulmonary artery is a rare entity that causes chronic left-to-right shunting of blood from the RCA, through the coronary collaterals into the pulmonary artery. This results in persistent myocardial ischemia and ventricular dysfunction. Association of this anomaly with an aortopulmonary window worsens the condition further due to an additional shunt. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/325/240855
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_65_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146862PMC
October 2018
26 Reads

Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection masking an aortopulmonary window: A rare combination of defects.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):322-324

Department of CTVS, Dr RML Hospital and PGIMER, New Delhi, India.

The association of aortopulmonary (AP) window with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) has so far not been reported. We report a unique case of an 8-month-old child who presented with congestive cardiac failure and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Initial echocardiography revealed supracardiac TAPVC. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/322/240850
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_45_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146854PMC
October 2018
22 Reads

Neonatal supraventricular extrasystole as early clinical debut of cardiac rhabdomyoma.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):318-321

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

We are reporting the case of a newborn with a diagnosis of frequent supraventricular extrasystoles, up to 25% of beats at Holter monitoring, and partial response to beta-blockers. Initial echocardiographic studies were normal until the identification of a right atrial mass at 4 months of life. Given the progressive growth of the mass and the suspicion of myxoma or thrombus in the magnetic resonance study, surgical resection of the tumor was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_61_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146865PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Balloon angioplasty for supravalvular aortic stenosis as an early complication following arterial switch operation.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):315-317

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Iowa Stead Family Children's Hospital, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Supravalvular aortic stenosis as an early complication of transposition of the great artery repair is rare with few cases reported. Furthermore, transcatheter intervention is uncommon as surgical re-intervention has been traditionally done. We describe two cases of supravalvular aortic stenosis at the anastomotic site as an early complication of the arterial switch operation. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/315/240852
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_53_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146861PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Takayasu's aorto-arteritis: Not your regular lesion for angioplasty.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):312-314

Department of Pediatrics, ESIC Model Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

We report a case of a 6-year-old female child with Takayasu's aorto-arteritis (TA) with severe coarctation of the aorta which resulted in an aortic dissection post-ballooning. This happened despite ensuring that markers for disease activity were negative, with appropriate corticosteroid therapy started before the procedure, and using a low-profile, low-pressure, and slightly undersized balloon for dilating the stenotic segment. It required immediate endovascular stenting to tide over the crisis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_28_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146849PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Morphology of intramural ventricular septal defects: Clinical imaging and autopsy correlation.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):308-311

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, California, USA.

An intramural ventricular septal defect (IVSD) is a type of interventricular communication that can occur following biventricular repair of a conotruncal malformation. There have been no previous reports depicting the actual pathologic anatomy of this defect. We describe two cases of IVSDs with their clinical imaging and postmortem pathology. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/308/240838
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_139_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146864PMC
October 2018
18 Reads

Endovascular management of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation in a neonate.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):304-307

Department of Neuroimaging and Interventional Neuroradiology, CN Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

A term baby presented on the 7 day of life in cardiogenic shock due to vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation. A successful embolization of the malformation was performed through transarterial route on day 12 of life after a period of initial stabilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_33_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146857PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Successful Angiojet aortic thrombectomy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-related thrombus in a newborn.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):300-303

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

Thrombosis and systemic embolization are important complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We present a 2.5 kg neonate born at 37. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/300/240845
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_26_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146852PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Late recovery of sinus rhythm following perioperative complete atrioventricular block in a child with congenitally corrected transposition.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):297-299

Department of Pediatrics, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA.

We report a patient with l-transposition of the great arteries who developed perioperative complete atrioventricular block at 5 years of age in conjunction with a modified double-switch operation, but had unexpected late recovery of normal sinus rhythm months later. This case highlights that even for patients with l-transposition, which is particularly vulnerable to developing both spontaneous and perioperative complete atrioventricular block, late recovery of atrioventricular node conduction may still be possible after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_22_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146847PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Rationale and design of Long-term Outcomes and Vascular Evaluation after Successful Coarctation of the Aorta Treatment study.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):282-296

Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.

Background: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) can be treated using surgery, balloon angioplasty, or stent implantation. Although short-term results are excellent with all three treatment modalities, long-term cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality remain high, likely due to persistently abnormal vascular function. The effects of treatment modality on long-term vascular function remain uncharacterized. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/282/240854
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_64_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146860PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Descending aortic translocation procedure for relief of bronchial compression in left aortic arch and right descending aorta.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):278-281

Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery and Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Madras Medical Mission, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Compression of the left bronchus by a right-sided descending aorta arising from a left aortic arch constitutes an exceedingly rare form of vascular ring. This manuscript describes the surgical technique that involves translocation of the descending aorta directly to the proximal ascending aorta, thereby relieving the bronchial compression. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/278/240839
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_151_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146846PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Modified technique for uncommon coarctation of the aorta with arch hypoplasia.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):275-277

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, Kerala, India.

A true presubclavian coarctation of the aorta with arch hypoplasia without major intracardiac anomaly can result in a surgical dilemma. Theoretically, one can avoid repair through median sternotomy using selective cerebral perfusion and its sequelae since no major intracardiac repair is needed. Repair through thoracotomy is technically challenging if arch reconstruction is required and precise surgical planning is required to avoid spinal hypoperfusion and to maintain cerebral perfusion. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/275/240849
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_34_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146853PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Early outcomes of modification of end to side repair of coarctation of aorta with arch hypoplasia in neonates and infants.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):267-274

Paediatric Cardiac Sciences, KIMS Hospitals, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: In coarctation of aorta associated with proximal arch hypoplasia, extended end-to-end anastomosis through a thoracotomy would result in a residual gradient between the origins of the innominate and the left common carotid arteries. To eliminate this, we modified the surgical technique.

Patients And Methods: Between March 2012 and May 2017, 50 patients (14 neonates) underwent repair of coarctation of aorta through a thoracotomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_5_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146848PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Native aortic coarctation in neonates and infants: Immediate and midterm outcomes with balloon angioplasty and surgery.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):261-266

Children's Heart Centre, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Native aortic coarctation in young infants can be treated surgically or with balloon angioplasty, although the latter approach remains controversial. We sought to compare midterm outcomes of balloon and surgical coarctoplasty at our center and to review the current practices in literature.

Methods: The study design was a retrospective record review. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/261/240842
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_165_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146845PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Predictors of abnormal electrocardiograms in the pediatric emergency department.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):255-260

Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Storrs, CT, USA.

Background: Electrocardiograms (ECGs) are ordered in the pediatric emergency room for a wide variety of chief complaints.

Objectives: Criteria are lacking as to when physicians should obtain ECGs. This study uses a large retrospective cohort of 880 pediatric emergency department (ED) patients to highlight objective criteria including significant medical history and specific vital sign abnormalities to guide clinicians as to which patients might have an abnormal ECG. Read More

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http://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2018/11/3/255/240840
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_155_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146866PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Validation of the accuracy of handheld echocardiography for diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):250-254

Pediatric Cardiology Fellow, Sudan Heart Center, Sudan Medical Specialization Board Sudan Medical Specialization Board, Khartoum, Sudan.

Background: Handheld echocardiography (HHE) has been increasingly used for rheumatic heart disease screening and in adult emergency room settings.

Aims: This study aimed to validate the accuracy of HHE in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD).

Settings And Design Methodology: This is a prospective study carried out at three pediatric cardiology outpatient clinics in Khartoum, Sudan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_159_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146850PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Transposition of the great arteries: A laterality defect in the group of heterotaxy syndromes or an outflow tract malformation?

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):237-249

Department of Cardiac Sciences, King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center, Section of Pediatric Cardiology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background/aim: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is traditionally classified as a "conotruncal heart defect", implying that TGA evolves from abnormal development of the outflow tract (OFT) of the embryonic heart. However, recently published genetic data suggest that TGA may be linked to laterality gene defects rather than OFT gene defects. The aim of our study was to clarify whether there is any statistically significant link between TGA and clinically diagnosed laterality defects (heterotaxy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_24_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146851PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Is transposition a defect of laterality?

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):235-236

Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_122_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146863PMC
October 2018

Repaired congenital heart disease and our social milieu.

Authors:
Krishna S Iyer

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):233-234

Department of Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_134_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146859PMC
October 2018

Normal reference ranges for cardiac valve cross-sectional areas in preterm infants.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):232

Department of Paediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_15_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963249PMC

Is seeing believing: An obstructed bidirectional Glenn, that wasn't!

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):230-231

Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, India. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_173_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963248PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Transcatheter closure of large aortopulmonary window in a neonate.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):228-230

Department of Cardiology, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_158_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963247PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Ivabradine for congenital junctional ectopic tachycardia in siblings.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):226-228

Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_25_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963246PMC

Myocarditis following diphtheria, whole-cell pertussis, and tetanus toxoid vaccination in a young infant.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):224-226

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Army Hospital R&R, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_107_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963245PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Large nonapical right ventricular diverticulum in a patient with atrioventricular septal defect.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):222-223

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Heart Center Leipzig - University Hospital, Leipzig 04289, Germany.

Congenital diveticula and aneurysm of the heart are rare and most often located at the apex of the left ventricle. They pose a significant risk for cardiac failure and arrhythmias. In contrast, nonapical diverticula of the right ventricle (RV) have a much more benign course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_149_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963244PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

T-wave alternans in long QT syndrome.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):219-221

Department of Cardiology, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a congenital disorder characterized by prolongation of QT interval in the electrocardiogram (ECG) and a propensity to develop ventricular arrhythmias, which may lead to syncope, cardiac arrest or sudden death. T-wave alternans (TWA), a phenomenon of beat-to-beat variability in the repolarization phase of the ventricles, has been closely associated with an increased risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmic events (VTE) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_112_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963243PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Cardiac involvement in hypereosinophilic syndrome.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):217-218

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Clemenceau Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

A 9-year-old boy with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) was referred for cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging following an abnormal echocardiogram that showed a large mass layered on the inferolateral wall of the left ventricle, causing secondary severe mitral regurgitation. Cardiac involvement in HES usually affects the ventricular apex. In our case, CMR confirmed the presence of a large mural thrombus of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_168_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963242PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Homocystinuria presenting as a calcified right atrial mass.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):214-216

Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Homocystinuria is a genetic inborn error of metabolism due to the deficiency of cystathionine β-synthase resulting in increased serum homocysteine and methionine and decreased cysteine which predisposes affected individuals to arterial and venous thromboembolic phenomena. We present a case of homocystinuria who presented to us as a calcified right atrial mass during the evaluation for lower respiratory tract infection. Our case reveals an unusual mix of findings using imaging with multiple detector computed tomography and radiographs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_174_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963241PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Pulmonary artery-to-left atrial fistula discovered after the closure of atrial septal defect: A rare clinical scenario.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):211-213

Department of Cardiology, G B Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India.

A case of the right pulmonary artery-to- left atrial fistula with atrial septal defect (ASD) is presented. The fistula was detected after the patient developed desaturation following surgical closure of the ASD. It was managed with a transcatheter (trans-RPA route) closure of the fistula using a 12-mm Amplatzer ventricular septal defect closure device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_138_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963240PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Eosinophilia to endomyocardial fibrosis: Documentation of a case.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):207-210

Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is an important cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy in tropical countries. The etiopathogenesis of EMF remains obscure. The role of eosinophilia in the etiopathogenesis of EMF has been debated extensively, but remains unproven. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_143_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963239PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Double-outlet left atrium: Successful repair of an extremely rare anomaly.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):204-206

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India.

The clinical detail, echocardiographic features, angiographic evaluation, and surgical repair of double-outlet left atrium (LA) in a 2-year-old boy are discussed. In a solitus position and normally connected systemic and pulmonary venous drainage setting, the only outlet of the right atrium was a secundum atrial septal defect. The LA thus received the entire venous return and then drained into both ventricles through a common atrioventricular valve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_136_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963238PMC

Three-dimensional printing in surgical planning: A case of aortopulmonary window with interrupted aortic arch.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):201-203

Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Heart Institute, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Better anatomical understanding and conceptualization of complex congenital heart defects using three-dimensional (3D) printing may improve surgical planning, especially in rare defects. In this report, we utilized 3D printing to delineate the exact cardiac anatomy of a neonate with an aortopulmonary window associated with interrupted aortic arch to devise a novel approach to the repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_127_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963237PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Retroperitoneal paraganglioma in a patient with Fontan: The hypoxia connection.

Ann Pediatr Cardiol 2018 May-Aug;11(2):197-200

Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors where hypoxia-inducible factor plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. It has been suggested that patients with congenital heart disease, in particular, may have cellular environment and relative hypoxia favorable to the development of these neuroendocrine tumors. Here, we present a case of an 11-year-old child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome previously palliated with Fontan procedure, diagnosed with paraganglioma on surveillance imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/apc.APC_172_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963236PMC
June 2018
1 Read