396 results match your criteria Annals of parasitology[Journal]


Early days of the International Commission on Trichinellosis (1958-1972).

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):259-263

USDA, ARS, Animal Parasitic Diseases Lab, B1180 BARC-East, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.

Herein we describe the origin of the International Commission on Trichinellosis more than 60 years after its foundation. We attempt to clarify previous debate over the founding presidents and particularly the role of Polish parasitologist, Zbigniew Kozar. Seminal and core proceedings of the Commission published in Wiadomości Parazytologiczne and other records were used to advance this goal. Read More

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January 2020

Myocarditis secondary to Borrelia infection in a dog: a case report.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):255-257

Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, ul. Głęboka 30, 20-612 Lublin, Poland.

The aim of this study was to recognise the etiological factor of a disease with symptoms of lameness and cardiac failure, which occurred in one dog 4 weeks after invasion by ticks. A serological examination as well as molecular examination (PCR) was done. In the sample of the serum, the presence of antibodies specific to Borrelia burgdorferi were detected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.263DOI Listing
January 2020

Mastomys natalensis, Cricetomys gambianus and Taterillus sp. were found PCR positive for Leishmania major in Burkina Faso, West Africa.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):251-254

Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Université Ouaga I Pr Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Charles de Gaulles street, Ouagadougou 03 BP 7022 Ouaga 03, Burkina Faso.

Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso, was recognized as a focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniosis in April 2000. Leishmania major was the only strain isolated in this focus. We conducted a prospective study to detect L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.262DOI Listing
January 2020

Host-parasite interaction between trematode, Clinostomum marginatum (Clinostomidae) and armoured catfish, Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Loricariidae) from Brazilian Amazon.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):243-249

Instituto de Ciências e Tecnologia das Águas - ICTA, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará - UFOPA, Av. Mendonça Furtado, nº 2946, Fátima, CEP 68040-470, Santarém, Pará, Brasil.

Clinostomid trematodes are only widely studied due to the ability to infect their metacercariae, which can affect amphibians, fish, snakes and occasionally mammals, with occasional records in humans. The Loricariids constitute the most diverse family of neotropical fish, with more than 800 registered species. They present a large heterogeneity of colors and body forms that reflect its high degree of ecological specialization and importance on economic aspects such as ornamentation and food. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.261DOI Listing
January 2020

The helminthofauna of the garfish Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1760) from the southern Baltic Sea, including new data.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):237-241

Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdańsk, ul. Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland.

The garfish Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1760) is a marine fish which can be found in the shallow waters of the Baltic Sea in the spring and summer spawning period. In 2010 and in 2016, 73 specimens of garfish collected in the Gulf of Gdansk (southern Baltic Sea) were examined for the presence of helminths. The fish were found to support the nematode Anisakis simplex (Rudolphi, 1809) L3, Hysterothylacium aduncum (Rudolphi, 1802) L4, ad. Read More

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January 2020

Occurrence of geohelminths in the soil of children's playgrounds and green areas in the city of Wrocław, Poland.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):231-236

Department of Parasitology, Institute of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Wrocław, ul. Przybyszewskiego 63, 51-148 Wrocław, Poland.

Pets, strays, and wild animals that excrete dispersal forms of parasites into the soil may be a threat in urban areas. The aim of the study was to determine the level of contamination with geohelminth eggs in community playgrounds (fenced and unfenced), playgrounds in city parks, and a transect found along the banks of the River Oder. In 74 out of 424 examined soil samples, the presence of geohelminths was confirmed (Toxocara spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.259DOI Listing
January 2020

First record of Apiosoma piscicola (Blanchard, 1885) (Ciliophora: Epistylididae) in common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from aquaculture facilities in North Macedonia.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):227-230

2Hydrobiological Institute, "Naum Ohridski" 50, 6000 Ohrid, North Macedonia.

A total of 578 specimens of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) from eight the most significant and larger cyprinid aquaculture facilities in Macedonia (fish farms and cage culture systems) were examined for parasitological investigation. Protozoa Apiosoma piscicola was found in cage culture system on Globochica reservoir. In this fish farm, a total of 127 fish samples were examined for parasitological investigation, in which parasite infestation with A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.258DOI Listing
January 2020

Metazoan parasites of Plagioscion squamosissimus (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae) of two rivers from the eastern Amazon (Brazil).

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):217-225

Instituto de Ciências e Tecnologia das Águas - ICTA, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará - UFOPA, Avenida Mendonça Furtado, nº 2946, Fátima, CEP 68040-470, Santarém, PA, Brasil.

Plagioscion squamosissimus, commonly known as "white hake" or "corvina", is among the most commercially important fish in the Amazon and host to a great diversity of endoparasites. The aim of the present study was to compare the communities and infracommunities of metazoan parasites that infect P. squamosissimus in two rivers from the eastern Brazilian Amazon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.257DOI Listing
January 2020

Prevalence of hydatid cyst, Fasciola spp. and Dicrocoelium dendriticum in cattle and sheep slaughtered in Sabzevar abattoir, Iran.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):211-216

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahvaz University, Ahvaz, Iran.

Hydatid cyst, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, and Fasciola spp. are common parasites among ruminants. The current study was conducted to assess the prevalence of these parasites in cattle and sheep slaughtered in Sabzevar abattoir, from April 2014 to March 2016. Read More

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January 2020

Gene expression to contaminated or not contaminated Triatoma dimidiata faeces with Trypanosoma cruzi in vivo and in vitro assay.

Ann Parasitol 2020 (66)

LADISER Immunology and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Veracruzana University, Prolongación Oriente 6, No.1009, Col. Rafael Alvarado, 94340 Orizaba, Veracruz, Mexico.

Triatoma dimidiata is considered one of the most important vectors in the spread of Chagas disease in Mesoamerica. Hematophagous insects may deposit faeces contaminated or not with Trypanosoma cruzi on the surface of the skin during the feeding process. In endemic areas humans can be in contact several times to this fluid before get infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.255DOI Listing
January 2020

Association of Toxoplasma gondii infection with cardiovascular diseases: a cross-sectional study among patients with heart failure diseases in Urmia, North-West of Iran.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):193-199

Student Research Committee, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Infection with T. gondii is one of the most common parasitic diseases in humans and other warm-blooded animals with global distribution and generally, one-third of human populations are estimated to be contaminated with this parasite. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.254DOI Listing
January 2020

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Upper Egypt: a comparative study with a control group.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):183-192

Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Shaqra, Saudi Arabia

Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are serious neuropsychiatric disorders. Studies have found a high seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in psychiatric patients. This study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.253DOI Listing
January 2020

Prevalence and detail morphological identification of helminths of murine rodents in Dhaka city, Bangladesh.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):175-182

Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, P.O. Box 1207, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Rodents are common pests that transmit various deadly pathogens to humans. Here we have studied the helminth parasites of rodents from different ecological niches in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. The gastrointestinal helminths were investigated from a total of 70 rodents, namely Bandicota bengalensis (20), Rattus rattus (15), Rattus norvegicus (25) and Mus musculus (10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.252DOI Listing
January 2020

Molecular changes in Trypanosoma evansi after treatment against trypanosomosis.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):165-174

Parasitology Unit, Animal Health Department, Desert Research Center (DRC), Mathaf El Mataria St, El- Naam, Cairo, Egypt.

Neither physiological nor pathological changes following treatments explained why trypanosomes in the same group of experimentally treated animals correlated in virulence. Also, they behaved like each other but not similar to other groups despite the same T. evansi injected strain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.251DOI Listing
January 2020

Antileishmanial and antibacterial activities of the hydroalcoholic extract of Rhus coriaria L.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;62(2):157-163

Department of Pharmacognosy and Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences; Km 18 of Khazarabad road, Sari, Iran.

Leishmaniosis is one of the most serious public health concern with a worldwide distribution. Since the current treatments of leishmaniosis are toxic and expensive, frequent studies have been conducted to investigate the benefits of new resources such as medicinal plants for treatment of this infectious disease. Recent studies revealed the antiparasitic potential of Rhus coriaria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.250DOI Listing
January 2020

Alarming: high prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in cats from southern Iran based on molecular and serological methods.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):143-156

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Recently, Leishmania infantum has increasingly been detected in stray cats in endemic regions of the world. Cats have been considered playing a role in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniosis, an endemic zoonosis in Iran. The studies concerning feline leishmaniosis (FeL) allow the hypothesis that cats can be considered as potential reservoirs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.249DOI Listing
January 2020

Serological screening of HIV and viral hepatitis revealed low prevalence among visceral leishmaniosis patients in Sudan.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):135-141

Faculty of Graduated Studies and Scientific Research, Alzaiem Alazhari University, Khartoum North, Sudan.

There is an increasing concern about the co-infection of visceral leishmaniosis (VL) with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and/or viral hepatitis B/C. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV and viral hepatitis co-infections among VL patients in a hyperendemic area in Eastern Sudan and to assess antibody levels in co-infected patients. This is a retrospective study where the sera of confirmed VL cases and non-VL individuals were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.248DOI Listing
January 2020

Epizootiology of zoonotic parasites in Middle East: a comprehensive review.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):125-133

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, P.O. Box 6622, Buraidah, 51452, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Parasitic zoonosis (PZs) have a cosmopolitan significant impact on public health but they are often omitted in discussions, especially in developing countries. Zoonotic parasites include protozoa, cestodes, nematodes, trematodes and arthropods, and notably in African and Arabian countries have a high prevalence among livestock and man. Through this comprehensive review, we summarize the extant published research of the most significant zoonotic parasites present in some countries of Arabic world and we identify the epidemiology and risk factors for significant infections and suggest some effective control measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6602.247DOI Listing
January 2020

Prevalence of intestinal helminth parasites of stray dogs in Shendi area, Sudan

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):115–118

Faculty of Medical Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand

Three hundred and sixty fecal samples of stray dogs were collected between July and December 2018, from open grounds of Shendi city and two suburbs (Gulia and Musiab), River Nile State, Sudan, and were examined for helminthic infections. The results showed 43 (11.9%) of the samples were positive for at least one species of helminth. Read More

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Molecular identification of Acanthamoeba sp. in Lake Buhi, Philippines

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):111–114

Department of Medical Technology, Far Eastern University, Nicanor Reyes St., Manila 1015, Philippines

Acanthamoeba spp. are ubiquitous in both natural and man-made environments and have been isolated in lakes, recreational pools, tap water, and air conditioning systems. Twenty surface water (SW) samples were collected from different sampling areas of Lake Buhi. Read More

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Occurrence of tapeworms Moniezia benedeni (Moniez, 1879) in European bison Bison bonasus L. in Białowieża Primeval Forest

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):107–109

W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology PAS, ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland

Tapeworms Moniezia benedeni are cosmopolitan parasites of wild and domestic ruminants. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of those tapeworms in European bison in Białowieża Primeval Forest. Parasitological necropsy of small intestine of 26 bison, aged from 3 months to 26 years was performed in years 2007–2011. Read More

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Parasitism by Clinostomum marginatum (Clinostomidae) in neotropical electric fish (Gymnotiformes) in the Brazilian Amazon

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):101–106

Instituto de Ciências e Tecnologia das Águas - ICTA, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará - UFOPA, Avenida Mendonça Furtado, nº 2946, Fátima, CEP 68040-470, Santarém, PA, Brazil.

Gymnotiformes are currently recognized as electric fish, the vast majority of which emit low power electrical discharges. Clinostomum trematodes have been the subject of numerous investigations in several host species due to the ability of metacercariae of this genus to infect the muscles, fins and internal organs of fish. The present study aimed to record, for the first time, the occurrence of parasitism by Clinostomum marginatum in Gymnotiformes from the natural environments of two tributaries of the Amazon River in the Brazilian Amazon. Read More

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Coccidiosis – a problem in backyard rabbitries

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):97–99

Department of Zoology and Animal Welfare, Faculty of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture in Kraków, Mickiewicza av. 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland

This paper focuses on parasites of the genus Eimeria in rabbits kept in two backyard farms – from Poland (herd A) and Ukraine (herd B). The concentration McMaster technique and sporulation was applied to determine the level of infection, as well as to identify the species composition. The Eimeria sp. Read More

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Infestation of dairy cows by ticks Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794) and Ixodes ricinus (Linnaeus, 1758) in eastern Poland

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):87–96

Chair and Department of Biology and Parasitology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, ul. Radziwiłłowska 11, 20-080 Lublin, Poland

Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus are widely distributed tick species in Europe. The main hosts for immature stadia of these ticks are small rodents, mostly the genera Apodemus and Microtus, whereas for adult specimens – wild ungulates. These species of ticks are also found on companion and breeding animals including dairy cows. Read More

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Status of fasciolosis among domestic ruminants in Iran based on abattoir data: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):77–86

Infectious Diseases Research Centre, Golestan University of Medical Sciences; Shast Kolah Road, P.O Box: 4934174515, Gorgan, Iran

Fasciolosis is considered as an ongoing neglected zoonotic disease in tropical regions of the world, relating to notable financial and public health issues. The current systematic review and meta-analysis was planned to determine the status of fasciolosis among domestic ruminants, including cattle, buffalo, goat, and sheep at the industrial slaughterhouses in Iran, between the years 2000 and 2016. Eight databases, four English and four Persian, were searched. Read More

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Morphological, physiological and genetic characteristics of protozoa of genus Acanthamoeba, isolated from different deposit of bentonite in Ukraine

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):69–75

Department of General Biology and Parasitology, Medical University of Warsaw, Chałubińskiego 5, 02-004 Warsaw, Poland

The representatives of genus Acanthamoeba are widespread in the environment. The presence of freeliving Acanthamoeba sp. in such mineral deposits as bentonite was shown for the first time. Read More

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Applying of bacteria Cellulosimicrobium sp. for cultivation protozoa of genus Acanthamoeba

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):61–67

Department of General Biology and Parasitology, Medical University of Warsaw, Chałubińskiego 5, 02-004 Warsaw, Poland

The aim of this study was identification features of cultivation representatives of genus Acanthamoeba isolated from bentonite using Cellulosimicrobium sp. as a bacteria-feeders. Identification of isolated bacteria was conducted by morphological, cultural and molecular-genetic methods. Read More

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Anthelmintic resistance in strongylids (Nematoda: Strongylidae) parasitizing wild and domestic equids in the Askania Nova Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):49–60

I. I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine, 15, Bogdan Khmelnytsky street, Kyiv, 01030, Ukraine

Resistance of strongylids in domestic horses to benzimidazole anthelmintics (BZ) has been detected worldwide; however, information on the presence of BZ-resistance in wild equids has not been published to date. The purpose of this study was to analyze the manifestations of the BZ resistance in strongylids in domestic and wild equids kept in the Askania Nova Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine. Four species of equids: domestic horses and Shetland ponies (Equus caballus), donkeys (E. Read More

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Structure of the helminth community in Dermatonotus muelleri (Anura: Microhylidae) from the driest area of the American Chaco

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):39–47

Centro de Ecología Aplicada del Litoral (CECOAL), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Ruta 5 (km 2.5), 3400 Corrientes, Argentina

The present study describes the helminth community collected from juveniles of Dermatonotus muelleri (Anura: Microhylidae) from the Chaco Seco Ecoregion. Helminths were found in 80.0% of specimens examined (n = 16). Read More

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New records and prevalence of metazoan parasites of fish in the southeastern Brazilian region

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):27–37

Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Professor Artur Riedel, 275, Jardim Eldorado, CEP 09972-270 Diadema, SP, Brazil

Hoplias aff. malabaricus is abundant in the Mogi-Guaçu River. The aim of this study was to perform an inventory of the species of metazoan that parasite this species of fish taken from oxbow lakes of the Mogi-Guaçu River. Read More

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Molecular evidence for zoonotic transmission of Blastocystis subtypes in Kurdistan province, West of Iran

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):19–25

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

Blastocystis sp. is one of the most prevalent human parasites with a vast variety of non-human hosts. The aim of the present study was to determine the subtype distribution of Blastocystis in humans and trace the route of transmission by molecular data and phylogenetic analysis. Read More

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Comparison of gene expression of pyruvate kinase and tryparedoxin peroxidase in metacyclic promastigote forms of Leishmania (L.) tropica and L. major by real-time PCR

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):13-18

Proteomics Research Center, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Two predominant forms of cutaneous leishmaniosis are anthroponotic CL (ACL) and zoonotic CL (ZCL) caused by Leishmania (L.) tropica and L. major in Iran and many countries, respectively. Read More

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Parasites of markhor, urial and Chiltan wild goat in Pakistan

Authors:
Sher Ahmed

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(1):3-12

Department of Biology, Federal Government Degree College, Quetta, Pakistan

Parasites are transferred between domestic and wild animals, when host animals come in contact with each other, particularly while grazing the same pastures, or when using same water bodies for drinking. Chances of parasite transmission and adaptation are high when hosts are genetically related. Afghan urial (Ovis vignei blanfordi), Suleiman markhor (Capra falconeri jerdoni) and Chiltan wild goat (C. Read More

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Haemo- and endoparasites of indigenous chickens reared in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):293-296

Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, P.M.B 117 Abuja, Nigeria

Poultry production as one of the major sources of protein in Nigeria is constrained by parasitic diseases including haemo- and gastrointestinal (GI) parasites. The haemo- and endoparasites of indigenous chickens reared in Gwagwalada market, Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria were studied. Blood and fecal samples were collected from 108 chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) between April–August, 2017. Read More

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October 2019

Histopathological study of Corydoras micracanthus (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) parasitized by the nematode Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) pintoi (Camallanidae) from Lesser River, northwestern Argentina, South America

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):287-291

Instituto para el Estudio de la Biodiversidad de Invertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Salta, Av. Bolivia 5150, (4400) Salta, Argentina

The nematode parasites can cause mechanical injuries such as irritation or atrophy of tissue and occlusions of the digestive tract, blood vessels or other ducts in their hosts. Some species belonging to the family Camallanidae have been the focus of histopathological studies because they lacerate the host´s intestinal wall with their buccal capsule. In this study, we describe the histopathological effects produced by Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) pintoi in the small fish Corydoras micracanthus from Lesser River, in the northwest of Argentina, South America. Read More

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October 2019
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A new locality of the Haemaphysalis concinna tick (Koch, 1844) in Poland and its role as a potential vector of infectious diseases

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):281-286

Sub-Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Institute of Biological Bases of Animal Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, ul. Akademicka 12, 20-033 Lublin, Poland

The Haemaphysalis concinna tick is a rare species in Poland. To date, it was found only once a few decades ago. During tick collection for epidemiological studies, a stable population of this arachnid was found in a military training area near Nowa Dęba. Read More

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October 2019

Helminth parasites of the Nile Rat, Arvicanthis niloticus, from Shendi area, Sudan

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):275-279

Faculty of Medical Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand

Eighty nine rats, Arvicanthis niloticus, were collected from the horticultural fields of Shendi area in Sudan, between January and June 2018, and examined for the first time for helminth parasites. Thirty seven (41.6%) of the collected rats were infected, with an overall mean intensity of 4. Read More

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October 2019
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Prevalence and associated risk factors of Eimeria species in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):267-273

Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Coccidiosis remains a serious concern of great economic impact on domestic animals including rabbits. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence, species diversity, and associated risk factors of rabbit coccidiosis in Ilorin, Kwara State Nigeria. Fecal samples were examined using the floatation technique (positive samples were sporulated for identification of the different Eimeria species). Read More

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October 2019

The in vitro activity of selected mouthrinses on the reference strains of Trichomonas tenax and Entamoeba gingivalis

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):257-265

Health Institute, The Angelus Silesius University of Applied Sciences in Wałbrzych, Poland

Protozoa, such as Trichomonas tenax, Entamoeba gingivalis and Leishmania braziliensis, may be present in the mouth but their role in the pathophysiology of oral diseases is not clear yet. The use of various types of mouthrinses plays an important role in maintaining proper oral hygiene and in removing some of the microbial components from the oral cavity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of selected mouthrinses on the reference strains of Trichomonas tenax and Entamoeba gingivalis which can be a part of the oral cavity microbiota. Read More

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October 2019
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Morphological and ecological characteristic of Dicranotaenia stenosacculata Macko, 1988 (Cestoda, Hymenolepididae) recorded in Poland

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):251-255

Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 15 Bogdan Khmelnytskyi Str., Kyiv 01601, Ukraine

During the parasitological examination of 288 wild ducks from north-western Poland, 18 tapeworms were found in the intestines (jejunum, ileum and rectum) of six birds, which, based on the structure of the scolex, internal organs and the presence of cirrus with an internal additional sac, were determinated as Dicranotaenia stenosacculata Macko, 1988. Tapeworms were found in two young females Bucephala clangula, one young female Aythya marila as well as two adult males Aythya fuligula. The aim of the study was to present the morphological and ecological characteristics of the species, recently discovered for the first time in the fauna of Poland. Read More

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October 2019
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Parasites of the digestive tract of sheep and goats from organic farms in Western Pomerania, Poland

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):245-250

Department of Animal Reproduction Biotechnology and Environmental Hygiene, Faculty of Biotechnology and Animal Husbandry, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, ul. Janickiego 29, 71-270 Szczecin, Poland

The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of parasite infection of the digestive tract in sheep and goats from the West Pomerania region following anti-parasite treatment. Feces were freely collected from sheep and goats kept on organic farms and subjected to analysis by the Willis-Schlaf and McMaster’s flotation methods. The mean extensity of infection by gastrointestinal parasites in both sheep and goats was found to be 100%. Read More

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October 2019

Molecular identification of Cryptosporidium parvum in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in Nigeria

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):237-243

Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Rabbits are commonly reared by households and farmers in Nigeria as a source of meat, but there is no information available on Cryptosporidium genotypes occurring in rabbits in Nigeria. Fecal samples were collected from 107 rabbits and examined by modified Ziehl-Neelsen technique for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts. An infection rate of 3. Read More

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October 2019
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Prevalence and histopathological study on cystic hydatidosis in heart and spleen of goat slaughtered at Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):225-236

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Jeddah; P.O. Box 80327, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Hydatidosis or echinococcosis is considered to be one of the most common zoonotic diseases of the animals. Infection occurs when intermediate hosts such as camel, cattle, sheep, and goats ingested food or water contaminated with eggs from the definitive host (dog). This is a cross-sectional study which was carried out in one of the biggest abattoirs in Makkah in the west of Saudi Arabia. Read More

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October 2019
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Intestinal parasitoses and schistosome infections among students with special reference to praziquantel efficacy in patients with schistosomosis in Hajjah governorate, Yemen

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):217-223

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Al Baha University, Al Baha, Saudi Arabia

The majority of the population in Yemen lives in rural areas and suffers from parasitic infections. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitoses and schistosome infections among the students enrolled in the primary schools in Hajjah governorate – north of Yemen, along with an assessment of praziquantel (PZQ) in the treatment of microscopy-confirmed cases of Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma haematobium. For this purpose, 780 samples (320 stool and 460 urine) were examined microscopically. Read More

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October 2019
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The state of knowledge of the parasitic fauna of the pike Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758 in Poland in the 50th anniversary of the publication of the Catalogue of Parasitic Fauna of Poland. Part II. Parasites of Cyclostomes and Fish by Jadwiga Grabda

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):205-215

Faculty of Health Sciences, Pomeranian University in Słupsk, ul. Bohaterów Westerplatte 62, 76-200 Słupsk, Poland

Parasites of pike Esox lucius from freshwater and brackish water in Poland are listed. This checklist summarized data published in Catalogue of Parasitic Fauna of Poland. Part II. Read More

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October 2019

Trypanosoma cruzi: the early contact between insect-derived metacyclic trypomastigotes and the mammalian cells

Authors:
Victor Monteon

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(3):193-204

Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Autonoma de Campeche, Mexico

Natural transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi to human is established when feces of hematophagous triatomines contaminated with insect-derived from metacyclic trypomastigotes get in contact with the skin, conjunctiva or even oral route. Article is aimed at updating the knowledge about the early interaction between insect-derived metacyclic trypomastigotes at the port of entry and the host. There are few works in the literature describing this first contact between host and natural insect-derived metacyclic trypomastigote. Read More

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October 2019
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A fatal case of canine cutaneous leishmaniosis in a dog

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(2):183-186

C.A. Biomedicine of Infectious Diseases, Regional Research Center “Dr Hideyo Noguchi”, Autonomous University of Yucatan, Calle 57 No. 491ª, Merida CP 97000, Yucatán, Mexico

A 10-year-old intact female Chihuahua, 2.5 kg of weight and BCS 2 (range 1–5) was taken in for medical consultation due to the presence of four skin lesion, two in the ventral thoracic region and two in the dorsal region. The dog was receiving medication due to congestive heart failure. Read More

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October 2019
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The value of systematic screening for Trichinella antibodies among individuals with eosinophilia in recognizing outbreak events: a seroprevalence study from Croatia

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(2):177-189

Department for Parasitology and Mycology, Microbiology Service, Croatian National Institute of Public Health, Rockefellerova 12, Zagreb, Croatia

Although trichinellosis represents one of the most significant global foodborne zoonotic diseases, human seroprevalence studies are scarce. Due to its endemicity in Croatia, the aims of this study were to establish the general prevalence of Trichinella infection in Croatian individuals presenting with eosinophilia during a 5-year period, and to assess the value of such screening endeavours for early detection/differentiation of outbreaks. A total of 1342 serum samples were collected from male and female subjects presenting with peripheral blood eosinophilia between 2013 and 2017, and tested for Trichinella IgG antibodies by employing commercial qualitative ELISA and Trichinella Excreted/Secreted (E/S) Western blot methods. Read More

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January 2019
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Detection of avian malaria in wild birds at Trisik Beach of Yogyakarta, Java (Indonesia)

Authors:
Pramana Yuda

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(2):171-175

Facultas Teknobiologi, Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta, Jl. Babarsari 44, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia

Avian haemosporidian (Plasmodium, Haemoproteus and Leucocytozoon) are abundant and widespread vector-borne parasites in birds. However, our knowledge is very limited. This study used a nested-PCR to detect the prevalence level of haematozoan parasites in wild bird at coastal area at Tisik Beach of Yogyakarta, Java Island, Indonesia. Read More

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Heterakis isolonche Linstow, 1906 – a new nematode species found in ornamental pheasants in Poland

Ann Parasitol 2019 ;65(2):167-170

Department of Environmental Zoology, Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture in Kraków, Mickiewicza Av. 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland

Studies were carried out on 25 pheasants belonging to 13 Phasianinae species of the Phasianidae family. The research material was collected from private breeders – both Polish and from abroad. The results confirm that the most frequent nematode is Heterakis gallinarum, while for the first time in the country – in two of the examined birds of Polish flocks – the occurrence of Heterakis isolonche was found. Read More

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