309 results match your criteria Annals of parasitology[Journal]


Presence of Kalicephalus subulatus Molin, 1861 (Nematoda, Diaphanocephalidae) in Wagler’s snake, Xenodon merremi from Argentina

Ann Parasitol 2018 ;64(4):399–405

Centro de Ecología Aplicada del Litoral (CECOAL), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Ruta Provincial Número 5, km 2,5; W 3400 AMD; Corrientes, Argentina

This is the first record of the nematode parasite Kalicephalus subulatus (Strongylida, Diaphanocephalidae) in Wagler’s snakes, Xenodon merremi (Squamata, Colubridae), collected in Corrientes, Argentina. The species was observed using light and scanning electron microscope (SEM) and compared to previous studies from Tropical America. As for the metric characters, the specimens collected in Argentina are smaller than all of those found so far in other hosts. Read More

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Prevalence of Toxoplasma and Echinococcus IgG antibodies in slaughterhouse workers, a serosurvey in Northeast Iran

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):391–397

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Azadi Square, 9177948564 Mashhad, Iran

Cystic echinococcosis and toxoplasmosis are two human parasitic diseases. Butchers and slaughterhouse workers are in close contact with body fluids and tissues of ruminants. To investigate the prevalence of Toxoplasma and Echinococcus IgG antibodies in slaughterhouse workers in Northeast of Iran, Mashhad, 2016. Read More

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April 2019
2 Reads

Preliminary studies on the occurrence of honeybee pathogens in the national bumblebee population

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):385-390

Department of Plant Protection, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, ul. Norwida 25, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland

Dangerous pathogens that affect honeybees, including microsporidia of the genus Nosema, the acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV) and the deformed wing virus (DWV), also contribute to the global decline in bumblebee populations. In this study, a few insects with the bumblebee population present in country was checked for the presence of Nosema apis, Nosema bombi and Nosema ceranae microsporidia, ABPV, the chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV) and DWV. Thirteen adult bumblebees (Bombus) representing 4 species were analyzed: Bombus lapidarius (2 workers, 2 males), Bombus lucorum (1 worker), Bombus pascuorum (5 workers, 1 male) and Bombus terrestris (2 workers). Read More

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April 2019
1 Read

Studies on the gastrointestinal and lung parasite fauna of wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa L.) from Bulgaria

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):379-384

Institute of Experimental Morphology, Pathology and Anthropology with Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., bl. 25, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Eighty fecal samples from free living wild boars and internal organs from eleven hunted animals from Bulgaria were investigated during 2016–2017. The fecal samples were analyzed with the coproscopical methods of Fulleborn, Shterbovich and serial sedimentations, as well as the modified Baermann technique. Helminthological necropsies of the lungs and gastrointestinal tracts of the animals were carried out through the common technique. Read More

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Feces from wild Triatoma dimidiata induces local inflammation and specific immune response in a murine model

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):367-377

Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Autonoma de Campeche, Patrico Trueba s/n, Campeche 24090, Mexico

In endemic regions for Triatoma dimidiata the vector for Chagas disease, subjects can be in contact with insect`s feces several times through a lifetime. The triatomine’s digestive tract is colonized by diverse but few dominant genera of microorganisms. The immune responses to microbiota feces are poorly known in mammal hosts. Read More

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April 2019
1 Read

New data on the distribution of Carios vespertilionis Latreille, 1802 (Ixodida, Argasidae) in bats (Chiroptera) from northern Poland

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):361-366

Department of Vertebrate Ecology and Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdańsk, ul. Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland

Carios vespertilionis Latreille, 1802 is a typical bat parasite, widely distributed in the Palearctic, Oriental and Afrotropical realms. Its localities were found throughout Poland, yet it is considerably more common in the south. Currently, 105 bats have been examined, collected in the period 1999–2017 from 27 localities in northern Poland; 102 C. Read More

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The insecticidal and repellent activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) essential oils against Culex theileri Theobald, 1903 (Diptera: Culicidae

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):351-360

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Rahbar Boulevard, Shahrekord, Iran

Insecticidal and repellent activity of essential oils of Zingiber officinale and Eucalyptus globulus against Culex theileri Theobald, 1903 as a wide-distributed species of mosquitoes in different parts of world with an important role in transmission of infectious organisms and agent were studied. Essential oils were extracted from fresh parts of plants and different concentrations of 250 μl/ml, 500 μl/ml, 750 μl/ml and 1 (undiluted extract) were prepared for each of essential oils. Insecticidal and repellent activity of essential oils against adult form of Culex theileri Theobald mosquitoes, collected from small pools located near the Zayande-Rood River in the Saman city, Iran, were examined via direct exposure method and Y-tube olfactometer bioassay, respectively. Read More

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Association of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis with kidney lesions in acute African swine fever virus infection

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):343-350

Department of Medical Biology and Parasitology, Armenia Yerevan State Medical University, 2 Koryun St., Yerevan 0025, Armenia

Glomerulonephritis due to African swine fever (ASF) is well documented. However, there is absence of good understanding of mechanisms involved in the development of pathology development. This study examines glomerulonephritis in association with acute infection induced by II genotype (Georgia 2007) of ASF virus. Read More

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April 2019
3 Reads

Molecular determination of suspected alveolar echinococcosis requiring surgical treatment in human cases from Poland

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):339-342

Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, ul. Nowogrodzka 73, 02-018 Warsaw, Poland

In this study five cases of suspected alveolar echinococcosis from Poland in which surgical treatment was needed, previously diagnosed by means of imaging and serological techniques, were analyzed in terms to identify the causative agent. Samples of the parasite tissues taken perioperatively from the liver lesions were used for the histopathological and molecular examinations. The sequences of all isolates were identical to Echinococcus multilocularis; all nad1 sequences have been deposited in GenBank The histopathological examination revealed Passpositive fragments of laminated layers typical for E. Read More

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April 2019
4 Reads

Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum DNA in fecal samples of infected cattle (Bos indicus) and water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in the Philippines using loop mediated isothermal amplification method

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):331-338

College of Veterinary Science and Medicine, Central Luzon State University, Science City of Muñoz 3120, Nueva Ecija, Philippines

Fecal DNA samples from 17 cattle and 38 water buffaloes found to be infected with Cryptosporidium oocysts using Kinyoun acid fast stain from a previous study, were subjected to loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay using specific primers for Cryptosporidium parvum (C. parvum) from three municipalities, Maria, Baler and San Luis of the province of Aurora in the Philippines. Results of the fecalysis using Kinyoun acid fast stain and LAMP assay were compared with the PCR results of the examined farmer/owner who raised these animals to determine the possible zoonoses of C. Read More

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Genotyping of human cystic echinococcosis in northeastern Iran

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):323-329

Thoracic Surgery, Endoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Mashad University of Medical Sciences, Mashad, Iran

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a human public health problem in northeast of Iran and there is limited information regarding the genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus senso lato (s.l.) in human in this region. Read More

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April 2019
1 Read

Comparative examination on selected amphizoic amoebae in terms of their in vitro temperature tolerance – a possible indirect marker of potential pathogenicity of Acanthamoeba strains

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):317-322

Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, ul. Nowogrodzka 73, 02-018 Warsaw, Poland

Acanthamoeba species are ubiquitous in natural and man-made environments worldwide; some strains are able to colonize human eyes as facultative parasites. It has been shown that environmental and clinical isolates/species of Acanthamoeba vary in their pathogenicity. In this study we examine and compare the in vitro effects of the changing temperature on the population dynamics of subsequent amoebic strains. Read More

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April 2019
1 Read

Feline bartonellosis key issues and possible vectors

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):309-315

Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences, ul. Głęboka 30, 20-612 Lublin, Poland

Bartonellosis is a disease caused by Bartonella spp. microorganisms which belong to the Rickettsiales order. This disease is a zoonosis, B. Read More

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April 2019
3 Reads

Amoebas from the genus Acanthamoeba and their pathogenic properties

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):299-308

Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Biotechnology and Laboratory Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, ul. Powstańców Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland

Amoebas from the genus Acanthamoeba are cosmopolitan organisms, which can exist as free-living organisms and as parasites within host tissue. Acanthamoeba infection present a serious risk to human health and are characterized by high mortality, especially in immunocompromised individuals. These protozoa are the etiological factors of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) and Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). Read More

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April 2019
16 Reads

Acanthamoeba spp. from water and soil sources in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):285–297

Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Farah Abad Road, Sari, Iran

Acanthamoeba, an opportunistic protozoan parasite, is distributed in the environment globally, causes serious human infections, including a fatal encephalitis and keratitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and genotyping of Acanthamoeba spp. from different water and soil sources in Iran. Read More

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April 2019
2 Reads

The role of particular ticks developmental stages in the circulation of tick-borne pathogens in Central Europe. 6. Babesia.

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(4):265-284

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, ul. Prusa 12, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland

In the Central European conditions, three species of Babesia have epidemiological significance as human pathogens – Babesia divergens, B. microti and B. venatorum. Read More

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Cardiopathology in acute African Swine Fever

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):253-258

Department of Medical Biology and Parasitology, Yerevan State Medical University, 2 Koryun St., Yerevan 0025, Armenia

The present study describes the gross, histopathologic lesions of the heart arising in pigs infected with acute African Swine Fever (ASF) and their biochemical profile. Ten pigs were infected by intramuscular injection of ASF virus (Georgia 2007). Selected heart samples were submitted for histopathological examination and Hematoxylin-Basic Fuchsin-Picric Acid (HBFP) staining. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.161DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

The occurrence of avian acanthocephalan Polymorphus minutus (Goeze, 1782) in raccoons (Procyon lotor L.) introduced to Europe

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):249-252

Department of Parasitology, Wroclaw University, ul. Przybyszewskiego 63/67, 51-148 Wrocław, Poland

Acanthocephalan larvae were found during parasitological sections in intestines of four out of 84 individuals of raccoon (Procyon lotor L.) from eastern Czech Republic. They were identified as cystacanths of Polymorphus minutus (Goeze, 1782). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.160DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Acute toxoplasmosis and antioxidant levels in the liver, kidney and brain of rats

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):241-247

Department of Medical Parasitology, Medical Faculty, Abant İzzet Baysal University, Gölköy Campus, 14030 Bolu, Turkey

Toxoplasma gondii is a common protozoan parasite which causes toxoplasmosis worldwide. There are limited treatment options against T. gondii infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.159DOI Listing
February 2019

A survey of Dictyocaulus arnfieldi (Nematoda) infections in equids in Urmia region, Iran

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):235-240

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Sero Road, Nazloo Campus, 0098 Urmia, Iran

Dictyocaulus arnfieldi is a lungworm commonly found in equids; however, relatively little is known about it. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence of equine lungworms in naturally-infected working and sporting horses, donkeys and mules in rural areas of Urmia, northwest Iran. The fecal samples were collected from 299 working horses, 57 sporting horses, 66 donkeys and 37 mules during the period March 2014 to June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.158DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Comparison of chlorhexidine disinfectant in vitro effect on environmental and ocular Acanthamoeba strains, the amoebic agents of human keratitis − an emerging sight-threatening corneal disease in Poland

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):229-233

Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, ul. Nowogrodzka 73, 02-018 Warsaw, Poland

Small amoebae belonging to the Acanthamoeba genus complete their life cycles in different environmental niches as free-living protists however some of them are facultative parasites that can cause severe disease in humans. The sight-threatening Acanthamoeba keratitis develops in immune-competent persons, mainly in contact lens wearers; it is detected with increasing frequency along with the spread of contact lens use. The high abundance of the amoebae in the environment is important for dispersion and transmission of the infections among humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.157DOI Listing
February 2019
18 Reads

The phyllosphere as a little-known reservoir of the Fusarium genus, a fungi of importance to medical mycology

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):225-228

The phyllosphere is an ecological niche that includes the area of the leaf blade, which is a living environment for microorganisms of various taxonomic and trophic groups, including saprotrophic and phytopathogenic fungi. This study analysed the degree of colonisation of the phyllosphere of rush plants of selected bathing lakes by fungi of the Fusarium genus that are of significance to the etiology and epidemiology of fungal infections, and to toxicology and allergology. The research materials was plants of the littoral zone of Lakes Skanda and Kortowskie, which were subjected to a standard phytopathological assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.156DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Potentially pathogenic fungi of the Candida genus isolated from the Łyna River – a 20-year study

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):217-223

Department of Microbiology and Mycology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Oczapowskiego 1A, 10-917 Olsztyn, Poland

This paper concerns part of a monitoring study and contains the results of 20-year observations on the species diversity and dynamics of the count Candida genus fungi which inhabit surface waters. The research material consisted of water samples collected from the Łyna River, the main river of the Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodeship, within the administrative boundaries of the city of Olsztyn. The samples were subjected to routine diagnostic testing applied in hydromycological studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.155DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Epidemiological study of the prevalence of hydatidosis in ruminants at the Holy City of Karbala, Iraq

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):211-215

College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Kerbala, Karbala, Iraq

The paper describes a field survey performed to determine the prevalence of hydatid cyst disease in ruminants in butcher shops in the Holy City of Karbala, and to compare the rates of infection among these animals. The study lasted for five months from November 2016 to April 2017. During the study, 2115 cattle, 4230 sheep and 623 goats were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.154DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The first record of two trichodinid ectoparasites, Trichodina pseudoheterodentata Tang et al. 2017 and Trichodina hafizuddini Asmat, 2005 (Ciliophora: Peritricha) from the freshwater fishes in the Baikka Beel of Moulvibazar district in Sylhet division, Bangladesh

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):203-210

Department of Zoology, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh

A parasitological investigation on trichodinid ciliates from several freshwater fishes in the Baikka Beel of Moulvibazar district of Sylhet was carried out between January and December 2015. During the investigation period, two parasitic trichodinid ciliates (Ciliophora: Peritrichia), Trichodina pseudoheterodentata Tang et al. 2017 and Trichodina hafizuddini Asmat, 2005 were morphologically studied and described with using the silver nitrate impregnation technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.153DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Share of the Saccharomyces genus in the mycobiota of the gastrointestinal tract of oncology patients – potential effects of a fruit-based diet

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):199-202

Department of Microbiology and Mycology, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Oczapowskiego 1A, 10-917 Olsztyn, Poland

This paper concerns the determination of the share of fungi of the Saccharomyces genus in the mycobiota of the gastrointestinal tract of patients with colorectal cancer. The biological material were fungi isolated from the mouth, oesophagus, duodenum, stomach, large intestine and anus of 92 patients with colorectal cancer. They were subjected to standard mycological diagnostic testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.152DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

A further increase in the prevalence and intensity of infection with Ashworthius sidemi nematodes in red deer in the Lower Silesian Wilderness

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):189-192

W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul.Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warszawa, Poland

The nematode Ashworthius sidemi is a typical parasite of Asiatic deer, particularly sika deer (Cervus nippon). It was probably first carried into Poland by migrating red deer. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.150DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Studies on prevalence of infection with Trichomonas tenax identified by molecular techniques – in respect to oral health of patients with various systemic disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):193-197

Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, ul. Nowogrodzka 73, 02-018 Warsaw, Poland

Trichomonas tenax, cosmopolitan flagellate inhabiting human oral cavity, is the etiological agent of oral trichomonosis associated with gingival and periodontium deterioration. Purpose of this studies was to investigate the prevalence of infection with Trichomonas tenax identified by molecular techniques amplifying the region of ITS1-5.8S rRNA-ITS2 specific for T. Read More

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February 2019

Gene expression of RNAP II, JBP1 and JBP2 in Leishmania major exposed to antimonials, amphotericin B and paromomycin

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):181-187

Laboratory of Technologies of Information and Communication and Electrical Engineering (LaTICE), University of Tunis, 5 Avenue Taha Hussein, B.P. 56, Bab Menara, Tunis, Tunisia

Cutaneous leishmaniosis (CL) is treated with pentavalent antimony (SbV) as a first-line drug, while amphotericin B and paromomycin are potential alternatives in antimonial- resistant isolates. However, the mechanisms of drug resistance remain unclear. The present study analyses the gene expression of RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) and J-binding protein 1 (JBP1), and J-binding protein 2 (JBP2) in Leishmania major after exposure to drugs in vitro. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.149DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Nematodes of rodents of Armenia

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):173-180

Center of Parasitology, A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution RAS, Leninsky pr., 33, Moscow, 119071, Russia

This review summarizes known data on the species composition of nematodes in 24 species of rodents inhabiting the territory of Armenia (South of Lesser Caucasus). The studied rodents include members of some cosmopolitan species (Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, Rattus rattus), as well as endemic and narrow-areal species (Meriones vinogradovi, Spermophilus xanthoprymnus, Microtus schidlovskii, Mesocricetus brandti, Sciurus anomalus). The taxonomical identity of the nematode species reported by previous authors is discussed with regard to present knowledge about helminth fauna of rodents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.148DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The role of particular ticks developmental stages in the circulation of tick-borne pathogens in Central Europe. 5. Borreliaceae

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(3):151-171

Chair of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, ul. Prusa 12, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland

The developmental cycles of all B. burgdorferi s.l. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6403.147DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Tetrameres globosa (Linstow, 1879) (Nematoda, Tetrameridae) – a nematode of the Eurasian coot Fulica atra (Linnaeus, 1758) recorded for the first time in Poland

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(2):137-141

Department of Biology, Morphological and Health Sciences, Faculty of Physical Culture in Gorzów Wlkp., University School of Physical Education in Poznań, ul. Estkowskiego 13, 66-400 Gorzów Wlkp., Poland

During parasitological studies of 23 Eurasian coot Fulica atra (Linnaeus, 1758), 91 nematodes were isolated. Three of them, found in the proventriculus, were identified as Tetrameres globosa (Linstow, 1879). This paper presents the morphological characteristics of the discovered males of T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.145DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence of endoparasites in captive snakes of Kerala, India

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(2):129-135

Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Kerala, India

The objective of the study was to evaluate the status of parasitic infections in captive snakes of Kerala. Faecal samples were collected from captive snakes of State Museums and Zoos of Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram. Parasites were screened by direct smear, sedimentation, simple floatation and Shaether’s sugar floatation method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.144DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Parasites community of Astronotus crassipinnis (Cichlidae), a fish from the Brazilian Amazon

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(2):121-128

Universidade Federal do Amapá (UNIFAP), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade Tropical (PPGBio), Rod. Juscelino Kubitscheck 3296, 68903-419 Macapá, Amapá, Brasil

We provide the first study on the diversity and community of parasites in Astronotus crassipinnis from the lower Amazon River, in Brazil. Of 35 hosts examined, 100% were infected with one or more species of parasites, such as Gussevia asota, Gussevia astronoti, Gussevia rogersi, Posthodiplostomum sp., Contracaecum sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.143DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Endoparasites of pet reptiles based on coprosopic methods

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(2):115-120

Department of Zoology and Ecology, University of Agriculture in Cracow, ul. A. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Cracow, Poland

Due to the growing popularity of reptiles as a household animals and the development of numerous reptile farms, they have become a common sight in veterinary clinics. As parasitic infections represent a serious problem among pet reptiles obtained by captive breeding and from pet shops, the purpose of the present study was to determine the species composition of parasites present in reptiles bred privately or in Cracow Zoological Garden, and those obtained from pet shops. Fecal samples collected from 91 reptiles (30 turtles, 40 lizards, and 21 snakes) were examined using the quantitative McMaster method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.142DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Demodecid mites (Acariformes, Demodecidae) in brown longeared bat Plecotus auritus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) – second record in the world and systematic status of Demodex chiropteralis Hirst, 1921

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(2):109-113

Department of Vertebrate Ecology and Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdańsk; Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland

As many as 26 species of parasitic mites of the Demodecidae family have thus far been described in the Chiroptera, of which only three have been found in bats from Europe. The first of the latter group was Demodex chiropteralis Hirst, 1921, described on the basis of only two females originating from one bat from Great Britain; an observation which has never been made since. The present study reports the discovery of both male and female D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.141DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Trichodina amblypharyngodoni sp. n. and Trichodina hoffmani Wellborn, 1967 (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) from the freshwater fishes in the Baikka Beel of Moulvibazar district in Sylhet division, Bangladesh

Ann Parasitol 2018(2):101-107

Department of Zoology, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh

During a survey on species diversity of trichodinid ciliates from freshwater fishes in the Baikka Beel of Moulvibazar district in Sylhet division from January to December 2015, two species of ciliates were identified, of which one is new to science. Trichodina hoffmani Wellborn, 1967 is collected from the gills of Mystus tengara, and Trichodina amblypharyngodoni sp. n. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.140DOI Listing
April 2019
15 Reads

Molecular identification of Buxtonella sulcata from associated-diarrhea in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in the Philippines

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(2):93-100

Department of Veterinary Studies, College of Veterinary Science and Medicine, Central Luzon State University, Science City of Muñoz 3120, Nueva Ecija, Philippines

Sixty suspected protozoan oocysts were demonstrated from 260 fecal samples collected from water buffaloes aged one month to seven years old with clinical signs of diarrhea in four provinces in the Philippines after conventional methods of isolation, sporulation, morphological characteristics and Kinyoun Acid Fast Staining techniques. The recovered protozoan oocysts were subjected to molecular analysis. Amplification of DNA extracted from recovered Eimeria oocysts using universal primers for the ITS-1 region of 18S rRNA revealed PCR products with 348 bp size demonstrated by samples collected from Benguet, La Union and Nueva Ecija provinces in the Philippines while DNA extracted from oocysts of suspected Cryptosporidium spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.139DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

Microfilariae Onchocerca alcis Bain et Rehbinder, 1986 – a new parasite of moose Alces alces (L.) in Poland

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(2):89-91

W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland

Onchocerca alcis Bain et Rehbinder, 1986 belongs to the subfamily Onchocercinae. Mature nematodes of O. alcis are located on the surface of hindlimb tendons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.138DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Pattern of infection with Parapharyngodon riojensis Ramallo, Bursey, Goldberg 2002 (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) in the lizard Phymaturus extrilidus from Puna region, Argentina

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(2):83-88

Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales; Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Av. Ignacio de la Roza 590, 5402 San Juan, Argentina

The pattern of infection with the nematode Parapharyngodon riojensis in the lizard Phymaturus extrilidus in a Puna area, central-west Argentina was studied. No significant prevalence differences were found between sexes or seasons sampled. However, there were differences in mean intensity between the summer (dry period) and autumn (wet period) seasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6402.137DOI Listing
October 2018

Expression on hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in human tegumentary leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania braziliensis

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):73–76

Department of Animal Biology, State University of Campinas, Monteiro Lobato St. 255, 13083-862, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Several immune markers have been studied in controlling American tegumentary leishmaniosis based on mouse models. However, there is a lack of studies regarding human tegumentary leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania braziliensis. In this study, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α was found to be an important effector element in the localized control of human cutaneous and mucocutaneous lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.136DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Cryptosporidiosis in a fire skink (Lepidothyris fernandi) and molecular identification of infecting species

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):69–72

Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Cryptosporidiosis is an infectious protozoan disease that affects a wide range of animals including reptiles. This is the first report of cryptosporidiosis in a fire skink (Lepidothyris fernandi), an insectivorous reptile commonly found in tropical West Africa. Faecal sample was collected from a fire skink at necropsy for the detection of parasites by faecal sedimentation method, Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) acid-fast staining, Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Nucleotide sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.135DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Helminth parasites of stone marten (Martes foina) in central Portugal

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):65–68

Department of Biology and CESAM, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal

The stone marten (Martes foina) is one of the most common species of marten in Europe. Due to increased urbanization and forest degradation, it is now often found in urban habitats, which increased the possibility of parasites transmission between wildlife-domestic animals and humans. Our preliminary study of this mustelid in Portugal, aimed to assess prevalence of helminths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.134DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

The in vitro effect of Ferula asafoetida and Allium sativum extracts on Strongylus spp.

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):59–63

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Sero Road, Urmia 5756151818, Iran

The high incidence of equine gastrointestinal worms and their increased resistance against anthelmintics has encouraged research into the effectiveness of rational phytotherapy. This study investigates the in vitro anti-parasitic effects of extracts of Ferula asafoetida and Allium sativum, two native plants that are widespread in Iran on Strongylus spp. larvae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.133DOI Listing

Efficacy and tolerability of artesunate-amodiaquine versus artemether-lumefantrine in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria at two sentinel sites across Côte d’Ivore

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):49–57

Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and Zoology; Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Malaria remains a major public health problem in Côte d’Ivoire. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and tolerability of artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ) versus artemether-lumefantrine (AL) for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria, at two malaria surveillance sites in Côte d’Ivoire. The World Health Organization 2003 protocol was used for this multicenter open randomized clinical trial with a 42-day follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.132DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

A four year epidemiological and chemotherapy survey of babesiosis and theileriosis, and tick vectors in sheep, cattle and goats in Dehgolan, Iran

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):43–48

Withy Grove Veterinary Clinic, 39 Station Road, Bamber Bridge, Preston PR5 6QR, UK4

Babesia and Theileria are two protozoa belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa, which result in babesiosis and theileriosis in different hosts, cause considerable problems in domestic animals and as a consequence economic losses. These two diseases are transmitted by ticks. This survey was carried out due to the lack of studies and information regarding tick vectors and Theileria and Babesia species in the Dehgolan area of Iran, which is a center of agriculture and animal holding industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.131DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Prevalence of cerebral toxoplasmosis among slaughtered sheep in Semnan, Iran

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):37-42

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Semnan University, Damghan Road, Semnan 35131-19111, Iran

Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Felids are definitive hosts and all warm-blooded animals can be intermediate hosts. Some animals such as sheep, goats and pigs are sensitive to infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.130DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Investigating in vitro anti-leishmanial effects of silibinin and silymarin on Leishmania major

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):29–35

Department of Medical Nanotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Farah-Abad Road, P.O.Box 48175-866, Sari, Iran

Cutaneous leishmaniosis is an important zoonotic disease caused by various Leishmania species. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of silibinin and silymarin on the in vitro growth and proliferation of promastigotes and amastigotes of Leishmania major compared to glucantime-treated parasites. The promastigotes and amastigotes of this parasite were treated with the two drugs, silibinin and silymarin, in several concentrations (25–100 μM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.129DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

Molecular characterization of Theileria equi infection in horse populations belonging to West Azerbaijan, Iran: insights into the importance of Equine Merozoite Antigen (EMA)-1 in its diagnosis

Ann Parasitol 2018;64(1):21-27

Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Esfand, Ahvaz 61357-831351, Iran

The major agent of equine piroplasmosis (EP), Theileria equi, contributes to significant losses in the equine industry. This study was designed to evaluate T. equi infection among horses from West Azerbaijan by microscopy and molecular approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17420/ap6401.128DOI Listing
July 2018
8 Reads