22 results match your criteria Annals of nutrition & metabolism[Journal]

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Antimicrobial resistance in a One Health context: exploring complexities, seeking solutions, and communicating risks.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2019 Apr;1441(1):3-7

Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Four articles presented in this special issue of Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences stem from a meeting of experts on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in food animal production hosted by the New York Academy of Sciences on May 8 and 9, 2018. The articles discuss (1) competing considerations of the criticality of different classes of antimicrobials used for human and animal health and how guidelines and regulations might result in more prudent patterns of use; (2) the increasingly recognized importance of the environment (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14057DOI Listing

Childhood Obesity: The Need to Translate Research into Daily Practice: Announcing the Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism as the Official Journal of the European Childhood Obesity Group.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 7;74(1):80-82. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), Clermont Auvergne University, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495905
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495905DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Adaptation to milking agropastoralism in Chilean goat herders and nutritional benefit of lactase persistence.

Ann Hum Genet 2019 Jan 27;83(1):11-22. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, Darwin Building, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.

The genetic trait of lactase persistence (LP) evolved as an adaptation to milking pastoralism in the Old World and is a well-known example of positive natural selection in humans. However, the specific mechanisms conferring this selective advantage are unknown. To understand the relationship between milk drinking, LP, growth, reproduction, and survival, communities of the Coquimbo Region in Chile, with recent adoption of milking agropastoralism, were used as a model population. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ahg.12277
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ahg.12277DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393766PMC
January 2019
20 Reads

Systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary carbohydrate restriction in patients with type 2 diabetes.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2017 23;5(1):e000354. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, SCIENCE , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Objective: Nutrition therapy is an integral part of self-management education in patients with type 2 diabetes. Carbohydrates with a low glycemic index are recommended, but the ideal amount of carbohydrate in the diet is unclear. We performed a meta-analysis comparing diets containing low to moderate amounts of carbohydrate (LCD) (energy percentage below 45%) to diets containing high amounts of carbohydrate (HCD) in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjdrc-2016-000354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5337734PMC
February 2017
11 Reads

Milk and dairy products: good or bad for human health? An assessment of the totality of scientific evidence.

Food Nutr Res 2016 22;60:32527. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark;

Background: There is scepticism about health effects of dairy products in the public, which is reflected in an increasing intake of plant-based drinks, for example, from soy, rice, almond, or oat.

Objective: This review aimed to assess the scientific evidence mainly from meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised controlled trials, on dairy intake and risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, and all-cause mortality.

Results: The most recent evidence suggested that intake of milk and dairy products was associated with reduced risk of childhood obesity. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5122229PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v60.32527DOI Listing
November 2016
7 Reads

Increasing Cultural And Linguistic Diversity In Deaf Education Teacher Preparation Programs.

Am Ann Deaf 2016 ;161(1):89-103

As the field of education of the d/Deaf and hard of hearing (d/Dhh) continues to diversify, postsecondary institutions must pay close attention not only to the changing needs of d/Dhh students but to the practitioners they are preparing to serve this population. Students who are d/Dhh and come from homes where a language other than English or American Sign Language is used--d/Dhh Multilingual Learners (DMLs)--constitute 19.4%-35. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/aad.2016.0014DOI Listing
June 2016
4 Reads

State-of-the-Art Review on Diabetes Care in Italy.

Ann Glob Health 2015 Nov-Dec;81(6):803-13

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Santa Croce and Carle Hospital, Cuneo, Italy.

Background: Diabetes is a significant health problem in Italy as in other western countries.

Objective: To review available epidemiological data and the legislative framework for diabetes care in Italy.

Methods: Review of Italian Health Ministry's official documents and analysis of epidemiological data published by Italian Scientific Societies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2015.12.013DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

Introduction of the new associate editor of Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism.

Authors:
Ute Nöthlings

Ann Nutr Metab 2013 31;62(2). Epub 2013 Jan 31.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000346635DOI Listing
September 2013

Is funding source related to study reporting quality in obesity or nutrition randomized control trials in top-tier medical journals?

Int J Obes (Lond) 2012 Jul 8;36(7):977-81. Epub 2011 Nov 8.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0022, USA.

Background: Faithful and complete reporting of trial results is essential to the validity of the scientific literature. An earlier systematic study of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) found that industry-funded RCTs appeared to be reported with greater quality than non-industry-funded RCTs. The aim of this study was to examine the association between systematic differences in reporting quality and funding status (that is, industry funding vs non-industry funding) among recent obesity and nutrition RCTs published in top-tier medical journals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2011.207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3288675PMC

From Waddington's epigenetic landscape to small noncoding RNA: some important milestones in the history of epigenetics research.

Toxicol Mech Methods 2011 May;21(4):252-74

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Division of Biotechnology and GRAS Notice Review, Office of Food Additive Safety, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, College Park, MD 20740, USA.

The term epigenetics was coined in 1942 by C.H. Waddington in the context of studies on development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/15376516.2011.559695DOI Listing
May 2011
4 Reads

[Surgical treatment of Morel-Lavallée lesion with perineal lacerations].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2010 Jun;24(6):726-9

Orthopaedic Center of Chinese PLA, Kunming General Hospital, Chengdu Military Command, Kunming Yunnan, 650031, P.R. China.

Objective: To investigate the surgical treatments of Morel-Lavallée lesion with perineal lacerations.

Methods: From March 2003 to June 2009, 18 cases of Morel-Lavallée lesion with perineal lacerations were treated. There were 16 males and 2 females with a median age of 28. Read More

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June 2010
7 Reads

Plant nutrition for sustainable development and global health.

Authors:
P J White P H Brown

Ann Bot 2010 Jun 29;105(7):1073-80. Epub 2010 Apr 29.

Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD25DA, UK.

Background: Plants require at least 14 mineral elements for their nutrition. These include the macronutrients nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and sulphur (S) and the micronutrients chlorine (Cl), boron (B), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) and molybdenum (Mo). These are generally obtained from the soil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcq085DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2887071PMC
June 2010
1 Read

Protein-energy malnutrition as a risk factor for visceral leishmaniasis: a review.

Authors:
G Malafaia

Parasite Immunol 2009 Oct;31(10):587-96

Laboratório de Imunoparasitologia, Núcleo de Pesquisas em Ciências Biológicas (NUPEB), Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Biológicas (ICEB), Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (UFOP), Ouro Preto - MG, Brazil.

The protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are important problems of public health, which affect millions of people worldwide. Currently, it has been accepted that the immunity or susceptibility to infect-parasitic diseases are directly related to the nutritional status of the host. However, the mechanisms that govern the relationship between the PEM and the course of the VL are multiple and little explained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3024.2009.01117.xDOI Listing
October 2009

Nutritional interventions in severe burns in children - therapeutic results.

Authors:
M Spodaryk J Pucha

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2007 Mar;20(1):25-8

Department of Paediatrics, Gastroenterology and Nutrition.

This paper, which supplements the theoretical articles already published in Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters (vol. XVIII, pp. 117-21, 2005), presents the therapeutic results achieved in 37 extremely burned paediatric patients. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3188042PMC

Effects of heterosis on growth in height and its segments: a cross-sectional study of the Khasi girls in Northeast India.

Ann Hum Biol 2003 Sep-Oct;30(5):605-21

Department of Anthropology, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, India.

Background: It is generally believed that improvement in environmental quality is the main factor responsible for the better growth and nutritional status of children in developing countries. However, it is still not clear whether this better growth performance is also associated with heterosis and/or gene flow that may take place as a result of the geographical movement of individuals, or migration.

Aim: The present paper attempts to examine the effects of heterosis on physical growth of girls in height and its segments. Read More

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February 2004
11 Reads

Analysis of 13C-mixed triacylglycerol in stool by bulk (EA-IRMS) and compound specific (GC/MS) methods.

Isotopes Environ Health Stud 2002 Jun;38(2):79-86

Department of Child Health, University of Glasgow, UK.

This paper was presented in poster form at the 17th International Congress of Nutrition, August 27-31, Vienna, Austria (Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism 2001; 45(Suppl.1):349). Some of the data were also presented in poster form at the British Society of Gastroenterology Meeting, March 18-21, Glasgow, UK (Gut 2001; 48(Suppl. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10256010208033315DOI Listing

Behavioral epidemiology: a systematic framework to classify phases of research on health promotion and disease prevention.

Ann Behav Med 2000 ;22(4):294-8

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, 6363 Alvarado Court, #103, San Diego, CA 92120, USA.

Although the term "behavioral epidemiology" has been used in the literature since the late 1970s, it has not been clearly defined. A behavioral epidemiology framework is proposed to specify a systematic sequence of studies on health-related behaviors, leading to evidence-based interventions directed at populations. The phase are: 1--establish links between behaviors and health; 2--develop measures of the behavior; 3--identify influences on the behavior; 4--evaluate interventions to change the behavior; 5--translate research into practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02895665DOI Listing

Pellagra in the United States: a historical perspective.

Authors:
K Rajakumar

South Med J 2000 Mar;93(3):272-7

Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown 26506, USA.

Pellagra was in existence for nearly two centuries in Europe before being recognized in the United States, where it was first reported in 1902. Over the next two decades, pellagra occurred in epidemic proportions in the American South. Poverty and consumption of corn were the most frequently observed risk factors. Read More

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March 2000
1 Read

Home parenteral nutrition: a systematic review.

Health Technol Assess 1997 ;1(1):i-iii, 1-59

University of Manchester Intestinal Failure Unit, Hope Hospital, Salford.

Objectives: The objective of this Review was to locate, appraise and summarise evidence from scientific studies on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in order to answer specific research questions on the effectiveness of this technology. The following questions were asked. What patients have received HPN? What has been the experience of patients on HPN programmes? How have HPN programmes been organised, and what techniques and equipment have been used, and to what effect? What comparative information is available on effectiveness? What evidence exists for the cost-effectiveness of HPN? What questions about the provision of HPN could be answered with additional research, and what studies would be most suitable?

Data Sources: A comprehensive list of studies was provided by an extensive search of electronic databases (including MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index, Uncover, Cinahl, Caredata, Food Science and Technology Abstracts, NTIS, Pascal, Psychlit, and Economic Literature Index), relevant journals (including Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Clinical Nutrition, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Nutrition, Clinical Gastroenterology, Nutrition Reviews, Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, Nutrition and Cancer, Nutrition and Health, and Journal of Paediatric Nutrition and Metabolism), and scanning of reference lists, as well as other search strategies outlined in the protocol. Read More

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January 1998
2 Reads

[Physiological anthropology in Japan].

Authors:
M Kaji

Ann Physiol Anthropol 1992 Mar;11(2):89-95

Kure Kyosai Hospital.

In the history of about 100 years of anthropology in Japan, studies of physiological anthropology have made very important contributions from the standpoint of physiological function of mankind. The activity of physiological anthropology in Japan has started systemically November 1978 when the study group was organized under Prof. Keiichi Yoshida as the president and the first meeting was held in February 1979. Read More

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March 1992
1 Read
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