380 results match your criteria Annals of neurosciences[Journal]


Erratum.

Ann Neurosci 2019 Jan 7;25(3):141-151. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1159/000443575.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000487909DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6400095PMC
January 2019

Erratum.

Authors:

Ann Neurosci 2019 Jan 12;25(3):174. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1159/000464419.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000487177DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388546PMC
January 2019

Use of Virtual Rehabilitation to Improve the Symmetry of Body Temperature, Balance, and Functionality of Patients with Stroke Sequelae.

Ann Neurosci 2019 Jan 7;25(3):166-173. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Postgraduate Program in Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.

Background: Stroke rehabilitation that is based on the patients' needs, experiences, and priorities requires extensive knowledge and skills to capture and integrate the perspectives of the subject.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of an occupational therapy protocol associated with virtual reality (VR) on the symmetry of body temperature (BTP), balance, and functionality of patients with stroke sequelae.

Methods: Ten patients (69. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488581DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388431PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Altered Micro-RNA Regulation and Neuroprotection Activity of in Alzheimer's Disease Model.

Ann Neurosci 2019 Jan 7;25(3):160-165. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Department of Anatomy, Neuroscience Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

Background: Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is involved in the formation of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and causes neuronal cell death by inducing oxidative stress.

Objective: We investigated the protective effect of extract against the Aβ-induced toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells.

Methods: Methanolic extract from the aerial parts of was prepared by percolation method at room temperature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000489551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388430PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Serum Homocysteine and Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia: Is There Any Correlation in Alzheimer's Disease?

Ann Neurosci 2019 Jan 30;25(3):152-159. Epub 2018 May 30.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India.

Background: There are studies showing the relation between serum B12, folate and Behavioral and Psychological symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Serum levels of these vitamins do not reflect actual disease status and therefore checking the serum Homocysteine level is considered a better test. Homocysteine has been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and various psychiatric disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000487068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388428PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Motor Recovery after Transplantation of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Rat Models of Spinal Cord Injury.

Ann Neurosci 2019 Jan 25;25(3):126-140. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

Background: Neuronal tissue has a limited potential to self-renew or get repaired after damage. Cell therapies using stem cells are promising approaches for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) injuries. However, the clinical use of embryonic stem cells is limited by ethical concerns and other scientific consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000487069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388433PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Exercise Improves Recognition Memory and Acetylcholinesterase Activity in the Beta Amyloid-Induced Rat Model of Alzheimer's Disease.

Ann Neurosci 2019 Jan 12;25(3):121-125. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objective: A correlation between physical exercise and cognitive improvement has been found in Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to investigate the effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on the recognition memory and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in beta amyloid (Aβ) model of AD in rat.

Materials And Methods: Fifty male 8-week-old Wistar rats (250-280 g) were divided into 5 groups ( = 10 each) of control, sham surgery, Aβ-received sedentary, Aβ-received with aerobic exercise and Aβ-received with resistance exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488580DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388429PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Retraction Statement.

Authors:

Ann Neurosci 2018 12 13;25(4):277. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

It has been brought to our attention that the paper entitled “Diagnostic efficacy of adenosine deaminase levels in cerebrospinal fluid in patients of tubercular meningitis: A comparison with polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis” [Ann of Neurosciences 2010; 17(3): 126–130] written by Chacko F, Modi M, Lal V, Prabhakar S, Rana SV, Arora SK, submitted by the second author has been found to be simultaneously published in another journal with many of the authors being common. (Please also see our ­Expression of Concern published in 2015). The editors have informed the ­Institute of this duplication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302779PMC
December 2018

Collective Conversational Peer Review of Journal Submission: A Tool to Integrate Medical Education and Practice.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Jul 3;25(2):112-119. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Professor of Medicine, Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Nalgonda, India.

Background: In this study, we demonstrate a collective collaborative, conversational, pre-publication peer review of a randomized controlled trial.

Methods: Using Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist, a group of research-oriented undergraduate medical and pharmacy students and their teacher collectively on an online forum, discuss and review a randomized controlled trial submitted to the Annals of Neurosciences and the explanatory commentary from each reviewer makes a basic scaffold for critical appraisal of the manuscript.

Results: This method provided the opportunity for students to engage in online interactive training and allowed them to understand tools used for critical appraisal of a study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103343PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Assessment of Sleep Spindle Density among Genetically Positive Spinocerebellar Ataxias Types 1, 2, and 3 Patients.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Jul 8;25(2):106-111. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Department of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, India.

Objective: The effect of thalamic degeneration in patients with spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) and sleep spindle (SS) abnormalities has not been studied so far, although there is a strong association between these disorders. This study was done to evaluate and compare the SS densities (SSDs) of genetically proven autosomal dominant SCA1, SCA2 and SCA3 patients with controls.

Methods: Prospectively and genetically confirmed cases of SCA and controls were recruited. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/484516
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000484516DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103375PMC
July 2018
18 Reads

The Electrical Brain Activity in Men with Different Alpha-Rhythm Characteristics during Manual Movements Executed by the Subdominant Hand.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Jul 14;25(2):98-104. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Lesia Ukrainka Eastern European National University, Lutsk, Ukraine.

Background: The ability to control motor actions and flexibly interact with the environment is considered one of the main components of the human brain executive functions. The spontaneous electroencephalogram (EEG) is among the physiological techniques making it possible to formulate a direct estimation of specific features of the activity of the human brain during manual movements.

Purpose: This study is devoted to an investigation of brain processes in men with a high or a low individual α-frequency determined during manual movements executed by the subdominant hand. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/487065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000487065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103360PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Alterations in MicroRNA-132/212 Expression Impairs Fear Memory in Goldfish .

Ann Neurosci 2018 Jul 2;25(2):90-97. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Behavioural Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Animal Science, School of Life Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India.

Background: Earlier, we showed that nicotinamide (NAM) treatment impairs spatial memory through the downregulation of CREB-Sirt 1-brain-derived neurotrophic factor () signaling cascade.

Purpose: In this study, we examine whether NAM treatment alters CREB-regulated genes through -microRNAs.

Method: To test this hypothesis, goldfish () were divided into 2 groups: (i) vehicle group (VEH; double distilled water intra-peritoneally [i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000486842DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103369PMC
July 2018
36 Reads

Effects of Pelvic Stability Training on Movement Control, Hip Muscles Strength, Walking Speed and Daily Activities after Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Jul 25;25(2):80-89. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences (SOAHS), Bangalore Campus, Manipal University, Bangalore, India.

Background: Pelvic instability is a common occurrence during standing and walking post stroke. Inappropriate muscle activation and poor movement control around the pelvis lead to difficulty in mobility and daily functioning.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of pelvic stability training on the movement performance of trunk and lower limb, hip muscles strength, walking speed and daily activities after stroke. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/486273
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000486273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103379PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Nobel Nominations in Science: Constraints of the Fairer Sex.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Jul 12;25(2):63-78. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Department of Neurology, Neuroscience Research Laboratory, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Nobel Prize is the highest honor in the scientific community that is bestowed for the contribution of eminent scientists in various spheres of science. Since its inception in 1901, many renowned scientists have received this award. However, when compared to men, women's share as recipients is abysmally low. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481906DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103368PMC

Improvement of 2-Vessel Occlusion Cerebral Ischaemia/Reperfusion-Induced Corticostriatal Electrolyte and Redox Imbalance, Lactic Acidosis and Modified Acetylcholinesterase Activity by Kolaviron Correlates with Reduction in Neurobehavioural Deficits.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Apr 23;25(1):53-62. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Biochemical Pharmacology and Toxicology Laboratories, Department of Biochemistry, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.

Background: Disruption of electrolyte, redox and neurochemical homeostasis alongside cellular energy crisis is a hallmark of cerebral ischaemia and reperfusion injury.

Purpose: This study investigated the effect of kolaviron (KV) on cortical and striatal cation imbalance, oxidative stress and neurochemical disturbances as well as neurobehavioural deficits in animals subjected to bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO)-induced ischaemia/reperfusion injury.

Methods: KV was administered at a dose of 100 or 200 mg/kg to male Wistar rats 1 h before a 30 min BCCAO/4 h reperfusion (I/R). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000484517DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5981598PMC
April 2018
30 Reads

B/L Basal Ganglia Lesions in a Child Leading to a Diagnosis of Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Apr 21;25(1):50-52. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Bilateral basal ganglia lesions are a common non-specific finding seen in many diseases. One of the differential diagnoses for it, in a child, is kernicterus occurring due to hyperbilirubinemia. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a common cause of severe hyperbilirubinemia. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/481907
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481907DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5981589PMC
April 2018
15 Reads

National Medical Commission Set to Replace Medical Council of India after Gorakhpur Episode: A Case for Quality Assurance.

Authors:
Akshay Anand

Ann Neurosci 2018 Apr 20;25(1):48-49. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Neuroscience Research Lab, Department of Neurology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5981629PMC

Mapping and Characterization of Integrated Health Care Policy in India: A Recipe of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Apr 20;25(1):46-47. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Neuroscience Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481806DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5981590PMC

Effect of Add-On Yoga on Cognitive Functions among Substance Abusers in a Residential Therapeutic Center: Randomized Comparative Study.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Apr 20;25(1):38-45. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Psychology, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana, Bengaluru, India.

Background: Chronic vulnerability characterizes substance abuse disorder with consequent relapse. The process of abstinence depends on cognitive recovery. Hence, behavioral intervention should account for cognitive dimension of substance abusers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000484165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5981665PMC
April 2018
21 Reads

Spectrum of Disease and Prescription Pattern for Outpatients with Neurological Disorders: An Empirical Pilot Study in Bangladesh.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Apr 31;25(1):25-37. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Neurological disorders represent one of the most prominent causes of morbidity and mortality that adversely affect the lifestyle of patients and a major percentage of these diseases exists in developing countries.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and prescription pattern for outpatients with neurological disorders in Bangladesh.

Methods: The study was conducted on 1,684 patients in 6 hospitals (National Institute of Neurosciences and Hospital, Dhaka Medical College and Hospital, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Sir Salimullah Medical College, and Apollo Hospitals Dhaka) of the Dhaka City from March 2014 to June 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481812DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5981591PMC
April 2018
11 Reads

Understanding Cerebellum Granular Layer Network Computations through Mathematical Reconstructions of Evoked Local Field Potentials.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Apr 26;25(1):11-24. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Amrita School of Biotechnology, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University), Kollam, India.

Background: The cerebellar granular layer input stage of cerebellum receives information from tactile and sensory regions of the body. The somatosensory activity in the cerebellar granular layer corresponds to sensory and tactile input has been observed by recording Local Field Potential (LFP) from the Crus-IIa regions of cerebellum in brain slices and in anesthetized animals.

Purpose: In this paper, a detailed biophysical model of Wistar rat cerebellum granular layer network model and LFP modelling schemas were used to simulate circuit's evoked response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481905DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5981771PMC
April 2018
1 Read

Estrogen Receptor α- and β-Interacting Proteins Contain Consensus Secondary Structures: An Insilico Study.

Ann Neurosci 2018 Apr 23;25(1):1-10. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Department of Zoology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Background: Estrogen receptor (ER)α and ERβ are ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate gene expression by binding to estrogen-responsive elements and interacting with several coregulators through protein-protein interactions. Usually, these coregulators bind to the various conserved and functional domains of the receptor through a consensus LXXLL sequence, although variations can be found. The interaction of receptor domains and the consensus motif can be a possible target for nuclear receptor (NR) pharmacology, since modifications in these are responsible for possible pathogenesis of various diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5981639PMC
April 2018
6 Reads

1-Methyl-4-Phenylpyridinium-Induced Death of Differentiated SH-SY5Y Neurons Is Potentiated by Cholesterol.

Ann Neurosci 2018 May 30;24(4):243-251. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

Division of Cell Biology and Physiology, Kolkata, India.

Background/aims: Hypercholesterolemia is recently considered a risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD), the most consistent neurodegenerative movement disorder. The study aimed to investigate the effect of exogenous cholesterol on 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP) parkinsonian neurotoxin-induced cell death, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, and dopaminergic deficiency in a cellular model of PD.

Methods: Cholesterol (50 μM) when added in the culture media alone or in combination with MPP was studied in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5969353PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Neurological Changes in Vulnerable Brain Areas of Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion Mice.

Ann Neurosci 2018 May 18;24(4):233-242. Epub 2017 Oct 18.

Animal Toxicology and Physiology Specialty Research Unit (ATPSRU), Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) is associated with neurological changes and cognitive decline. It is a major cause of vascular dementia and a contributing factor in Alzheimer disease. Animal models are useful in helping to elucidate the mechanisms of these diseases while demonstrating differences in pathological onset and severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481789DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5969357PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

Attenuation of Lead-Induced Neurotoxicity by Omega-3 Fatty Acid in Rats.

Ann Neurosci 2018 May 18;24(4):221-232. Epub 2017 Oct 18.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India.

Background: Lead is widely distributed in the environment and has been found to be associated with various health problems including neurodegenerative diseases.

Purpose: In view of the increasing health risk caused by lead, this study has been carried out to investigate the neuroprotective effect of omega-3 fatty acid (omega-3FA) in lead-induced neurotoxicity in rats.

Methods: Biochemical parameters including oxidative stress in brain regions, lead levels in blood and brain regions and histopathological examination of brain regions of rats were carried out in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481808DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5969356PMC
May 2018
9 Reads

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Is Associated with Social Recognition Memory Deficit and Altered Dopaminergic Neurotransmission in the Amygdala.

Ann Neurosci 2018 May 21;24(4):212-220. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, India.

Objective: Diabetic neuropathy is a chronic and often disabling condition that affects a significant number of individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM). It is now established that DM causes various CNS complications like Alzheimer's, dementia, anxiety, depression, neurodegeneration, mood disorders, cognitive dysfunctioning, and so on. Since amygdala and dopaminergic circuitry are critical in controlling several aspects of social behavior, even social recognition memory (SRM), we aimed to study the expression analysis of dopaminergic circuitry in amygdala using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000479637DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5969354PMC
May 2018
23 Reads

A Missed Differential in an Extra-Axial Lesion with Calvarial Involvement.

Ann Neurosci 2018 May 22;24(4):207-211. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

Department of Histopathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.

Extra-axial central nervous system lesions can occasionally involve the overlying calvarium. The involvement may be due to longstanding pressure effects or secondary to the aggressive behaviour of the lesion. The spectrum of such dural-based lesions varies from infectious/inflammatory to neoplastic etiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000479844DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5969355PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Garth J. Thomas, Physiological Psychologist: An Appraisal of His Contributions to Memory Research.

Ann Neurosci 2018 May 3;24(4):201-206. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Graduate Program in Neuroscience and Education and Laboratory of Theoretical and Applied Neuroscience, University of Macedonia, Thessalonica, Greece.

This note is a tribute to Garth J. Thomas (1916-2008), late Professor of Brain Research at the University of Rochester, New York. Thomas was an influential psychologist, albeit for his research in learning and memory, as much as for his work as editor of the . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000479638DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5969358PMC

Nerve Injury Increases the Expression of Alpha-2/Delta-1 Subunit of L-Type Calcium Channel in Sensory Neurons of Rat Spinal and Trigeminal Nerves.

Ann Neurosci 2018 May 27;24(4):191-200. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Division of Oral and Craniofacial Anatomy, Graduate School of Dentistry, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

By immunohistochemistry, an effect of nerve injury on distribution of alpha-2/delta-1 subunit of L-type calcium channel was investigated in rat's 4th and 5th lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRGs), trigeminal ganglion (TG), and mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus (Mes5). The immunoreactivity was expressed by 52.2% of DRG neurons and 31. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477604DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5969352PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Presenting as Abducens Nerve Palsy Secondary to Cavernous Sinus Lesion.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):187-190. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Fitzroy, VIC, Australia.

Background: We report a 61-year-old who presented with a right-sided abducens nerve palsy secondary to a middle cranial fossa adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) extending into the cavernous sinus.

Purpose: This case represents a unique presentation of intracranial ACC with a large middle cranial fossa mass and only a small extracranial component.

Methods: Review of the literature was undertaken to identify cases of intracranial ACC and their range of presentations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5567075PMC
July 2017
7 Reads

Primary Intracranial Extraskeletal Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma: Clinical Mimicry as Glomus Jugulare.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):181-186. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Extraskeletal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (ESMCS) is an unusual pathologic variant of chondrosarcoma. There are no specific clinicoradiographic parameters to distinguish it from other intracranial pathologies. The diagnosis can be established only on the basis of histopathology, which may pose significant challenges in certain unusual locations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5567071PMC
July 2017
9 Reads

Diagnostic Markers of Autoimmune Neuropathological Diseases.

Authors:
Rahul Tyagi

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):180. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Neuroscience Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566645PMC

Homology Modeling and Protein Interaction Map of CHRNA7 Neurogenesis Protein.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):173-179. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

AMITY Institute of Biotechnology, AMITY University, Lucknow, India.

CHRNA7 is a neurodevelopmental protein involved in differentiation and neurogenesis, which is also named as nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, cholinergic receptor, nicotinic, alpha 7 (neuronal). The protein encoded by this gene forms a homo-oligomeric channel. It is a major component of brain nicotinic receptors displays that are blocked by and sensitive to alpha-bungarotoxin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566677PMC
July 2017
1 Read

Cortical Oligodendrocytes in Kaolin-Induced Hydrocephalus in Wistar Rat: Impact of Degree and Duration of Ventriculomegaly.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):164-172. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Optics and Imaging Center, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Oligodendrocytes are critical to the function of the brain. They generate the myelin sheath which ensures saltatory conduction, which is a more energy saving and efficient means of axonal impulse transmission. Ventriculomegaly results in neuronal degeneration and astrogliosis. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/477154
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5567012PMC
July 2017
29 Reads

Extrapyramidal Symptoms Probably Related to Risperidone Treatment: A Case Series.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):155-163. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Campus, Manipal University, Manipal, India.

Background: Atypical antipsychotics, like risperidone purportedly, score over their typical counterparts in terms of their lower propensity toward producing extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS). However, recent studies have furnished evidence to the contrary. Hereby, we present a case series implicating risperidone as the causative agent for EPS. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/477153
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477153DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566679PMC
July 2017
25 Reads

Neonatal Lipopolysaccharide Infection Causes Demyelination and Behavioral Deficits in Adult and Senile Rat Brain.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):146-154. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

School of Studies in Neuroscience, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, India.

Background: Neonatal bacterial infections have been reported to cause white matter loss, although studies concerning the influence of infection on the expression of myelin and aging are still in their emerging state.

Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of perinatal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure on the myelination at different age points using histochemical and immunocytochemical techniques and the relative motor coordination.

Methods: A rat bacterial infection model was established by exposing the neonatal rats with LPS (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566681PMC
July 2017
3 Reads

Estrous Cycle Phase-Dependent Changes in Anxiety- and Depression-Like Profiles in the Late Adolescent Wistar-Kyoto Rat.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):136-145. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Brain Research Laboratory, Biotechnology Unit, Department of Biosciences, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, India.

Background: Depression often manifests during adolescence when the development and networking of social and emotional brain areas is being influenced by hormones. The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat has been proposed as an animal model of adolescent depression with various face, construct, and predictive validities for clinical depression having been established.

Purpose: The influence of the estrous cycle on anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in female adolescents may be tested out further using this model. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/477151
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477151DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566678PMC
July 2017
6 Reads

Policy Research for Assessment of Quality Assurance Practices in Skill Development of Doctoral Programs in Medical Institutes.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):134-135. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Neuroscience Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566676PMC

Incubating Integrative Medicine in India through PMO's Atal Incubator Scheme of Niti Aayog.

Ann Neurosci 2017 Jul 24;24(3):131-133. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Neuroscience Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Incubation centers are considered important tools to advance in a field of activity with multidisciplinary approach. The idea of incubation emerged long time back but it is actively pursued by funding agencies as a medium to propel community development. India's fast developing economy had limited tryst with Integrative Medicine until Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, role modelled for Yoga in Chandigarh on the occasion of International Yoga Day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5566680PMC

Cerebellar Molecular and Cellular Characterization in Rat Models of Alzheimer's Disease: Neuroprotective Mechanisms of Biflavonoid Complex.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 21;24(1):32-45. Epub 2017 Apr 21.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.

Background: Recent evidences suggest that cerebellar degeneration may be associated with the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, previous reports were mainly observational, lacking substantial characterization of cellular and molecular cerebellar features during AD progression.

Purpose: This study is aimed at characterizing the cerebellum in rat models of AD and assessing the corresponding neuroprotective mechanisms of biflavonoid complex (GBc). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000464421DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5551726PMC
May 2017
35 Reads

Power Spectral Density Analysis of Electrocorticogram Recordings during Cerebral Hypothermia in Neonatal Seizures.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 21;24(1):12-19. Epub 2017 Apr 21.

Department of Physiology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

Background: Neonatal seizures (NS) are the most common form of neurological dysfunction observed in newborns.

Purpose: The purpose of this study in newborn piglets was to determine the effect of cerebral hypothermia (CH) on neural activity during pharmacologically induced NS. We hypothesized that the neuroprotective effects of CH would preserve higher frequencies observed in electrocorticogram (ECoG) recordings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000464418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5460947PMC
May 2017
6 Reads

Two Cases of Esophageal Injury Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: One Overt and One Covert.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):126-130. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Esophageal perforation is a dreaded complication of anterior cervical spinal surgery. A 52-year-old diabetic man had undergone a surgery for a C6-C7 disc prolapse and developed spiking fever with chills and rigor on the 7th postoperative day. No cause could be found out but a CT scan of thorax done in the course of investigations revealed pneumomediastimum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475902DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448432PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Neuroscience Symposium and Workshop on SAAPCON-2016, Nepal.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):123-125. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Clinical Physiology, College of Medicine, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Physiological Society of Nepal, with support from the South Asian Association of Physiologists (SAAP), organized the 5th Biennial Conference of the South Asian Association of Physiologists in conjunction with the 2nd Annual Conference of Physiological Society of Nepal. The purpose of this conference is to bring the scientists, researchers, and students from the South Asian countries in one platform to share and discuss the recent advances and achievements in the field of physiology. Since physiology is the backbone of medical science which deals with the functions of the human body, the theme of the conference was given as "Redefining health in nature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475901DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448435PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Neurocognitive Effect of Nootropic Drug () in Alzheimer's Disease.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):111-122. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease of the elderly. The rapid increase in its incidence has necessitated development of newer drugs. Ayurvedic herbal medications are increasingly researched due to their biosafety profile and usefulness in cognitive impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475900DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448442PMC
May 2017
55 Reads

Prevalence and Trends in the Neuropsychological Burden of Patients having Intracranial Tumors with Respect to Neurosurgical Intervention.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):105-110. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Background: The burden of neuropsychological symptoms evidenced by behavioral changes among patients with intracranial tumors has not been studied in detail.

Purpose: This study was conducted to prospectively assess the neuropsychological symptoms in patients with intracranial tumors undergoing treatment.

Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted using purposive sampling to assess the neuropsychological symptoms in conscious and consenting patients with intracranial tumors who were availing treatment from a tertiary care center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475899DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448446PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Extinction of Contextual Fear with Timed Exposure to Enriched Environment: A Differential Effect.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):90-104. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

Background: Extinction of fear memory depends on the environmental and emotional cues. Furthermore, consolidation of extinction is also dependent on the environmental exposure. But, the relationship of the time of the exposure to a variety of environmental cues is not well known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475898DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448453PMC
May 2017
2 Reads

Blood Oxygenation Level-Dependent Functional MRI of Early Evidences of Brain Plasticity after Hemodialysis Session by Helixone Membrane of Patients with Indices of Adrenal Deficiency.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):82-89. Epub 2017 May 12.

The Clinical Neuroscience Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine of Fez, University Hospital of Fez, Fez, Morocco.

Background: Various alterations of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function have been described in patients with chronic renal failure. Nevertheless, controversial evidences were stated about the association between adrenal function deficiency (AD) and hemodialysis (HD).

Purpose: The goal of this paper was to estimate indirect indices of the adrenal gland dysfunction which is potentially influenced by oxidative stress (OS) that still generates brain plasticity and reorganization of the functional control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475897DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448452PMC
May 2017
17 Reads

Folic Acid Modulates Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 Expression, Alleviates Neuropathic Pain, and Improves Functional Recovery in Spinal Cord-Injured Rats.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):74-81. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

Background: The molecular underpinnings of spinal cord injury (SCI) associated with neuropathic pain (NP) are unknown. Recent studies have demonstrated that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as MMP2 play a critical role in inducing NP following SCI. Promoter methylation of MMPs is known to suppress their transcription and reduce NP. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/475896
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475896DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448437PMC
May 2017
39 Reads

Caffeine and Cannabis Effects on Vital Neurotransmitters and Enzymes in the Brain Tissue of Juvenile Experimental Rats.

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):65-73. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Anatomy, Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University, Ilisan, Nigeria.

Background: Caffeine and cannabis are globally consumed and abused psychoactive substances. While caffeine is legally used in various forms, including in tea and coffee as beverages, it is also consumed in soda and energy drinks as additives. Cannabis, on the other hand, is considered illegal in most countries; albeit, it is being consumed globally particularly by adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475895DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448447PMC
May 2017
2 Reads

Arrow of Time or Providence Divine? An Amusing But Thought Provoking Poem on Relative Positioning of Primary Motor and Sensory Cortices of Human Brain.

Authors:
Amitava Biswas

Ann Neurosci 2017 May 12;24(2):63-64. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000475894DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5448431PMC
May 2017
3 Reads