659 results match your criteria Annals of medical and health sciences research[Journal]


Pustulovesicular Skin Eruption as Presenting Feature of Incomplete Kawasaki Disease.

Authors:
J P Goyal V B Shah

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):392-394

Department of Pediatrics, Government Medical College, Surat, Gujarat, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_248_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423342PMC
May 2017
5 Reads

Whistle Abrasion: A Case Report.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):389-391

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology, School of Dentistry, D. Y. Patil University, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abrasion is the physical wearing of a tooth surface which can involve the presence of a foreign object repeatedly being in contact with the tooth. A 40-year-old male patient reported to our dental clinic with a 2-3 mm uneven gap between his upper and lower front teeth on occlusion. A detailed history revealed that he was a physical education teacher, and the habitual placement of the whistle for the last 15 years caused an indentation on the whistle which coincided with the abraded teeth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_438_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423341PMC
May 2017
2 Reads

Scalpel Depigmentation and Surgical Crown Lengthening to Improve Anterior Gingival Esthetics.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):385-388

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

A smile is a mesmerizing expression of joy, success, courtesy and reveals self-confidence. The harmony of the smile is determined not only by the shape, position and the color of teeth, but also by the gingival architecture. Gingival tissues form an important part of what we can consider to be a pleasing smile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_442_12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423340PMC

A Prospective Study of Spectrum, Risk Factors and Immediate Outcome of Congenital Anomalies in Bida, North Central Nigeria.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):380-384

Department of Pediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.

Background: Congenital disorders are structural, metabolic, behavioral and functional disorders that are present at birth. Their manifestations are protean ranging from mild anomalies to life-threatening conditions.

Aim: The objectives of this study were to describe the congenital anomalies in children seen at Federal Medical Center, Bida over a 12 month period, determine possible factors associated with these anomalies; and their short term outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_108_13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423339PMC

Association of Physical Performance and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs in Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):375-379

Department of Musculoskeletal Sciences, MGM College of Physiotherapy, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Low back pain is a commonest musculoskeletal disorder affecting majority of people. Activity limitations are difficulties an individual may have in executing activities resulting from person's functioning and disability. According to the fear-avoidance model of low back pain, individuals who perceive pain as a sign of potential damage are more likely to avoid behaviors that increase their anxiety and show sub-maximal performance during physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_331_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423338PMC
May 2017
2 Reads

Spouses' Perspective of their Participation and Role in Childbirth Pain Relief.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):367-374

Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern , Kuopio, Finland.

Background: Childbirth is a period characterized by severe pain, and most women desire to ameliorate their pain among other things by having their spouses present and involved in the birthing process. In developing countries like Nigeria, spousal involvement is still an emerging concept in childbirth.

Aim: To investigate and provide an insight into spousal perceptions toward their participation and role in labor pain relief during childbirth in Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_12_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423337PMC
May 2017
17 Reads

Pseudohyperglycemia: Effects of Unwashed Hand after Fruit Peeling or Handling on Fingertips Blood Glucose Monitoring Results.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):362-366

Department of Internal Medicine, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.

Background: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is an important component of management for diabetes mellitus (DM), especially in T1DM and T2DM patients who are on insulin therapy. Adequate blood glucose monitoring and prompt intervention are necessary to prevent blood glucose (BG) fluctuation and delay long-term diabetes complications. People with DM are advised to clean their hands before SMBG to remove any dirt or food residue that might affect the reading. Read More

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http://www.amhsr.org/text.asp?2016/6/6/362/204348
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_396_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423336PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Correlation between Kind of Delivery and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):356-361

Social Determinant of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a very common mental condition and a unique anxiety disorder.

Aim: The present study tried to examine the correlation between kind of delivery and PTSD.

Subjects And Methods: This prospective study evaluated 240 Iranian female residents of Tehran, Iran, during the third trimester of their pregnancy and 6-8 weeks after labor. Read More

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http://www.amhsr.org/text.asp?2016/6/6/356/204349
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_397_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423335PMC
May 2017
8 Reads

Awareness and Knowledge of Undergraduate Dental Students about Sterilization/Disinfection Methods of Extracted Human Teeth.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):348-355

Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Background: Dental undergraduate students work on extracted human teeth in preclinical practical's to learn technical skills before entering the clinics and delivering dental care to the patients.

Aim: The aim of the present investigation was to assess the awareness and knowledge toward sterilization/disinfection methods of extracted human teeth in a selected group of Indian dental students.

Materials And Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the participants consisted of 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year dental students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_85_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423334PMC
May 2017
32 Reads

Health Status and Lifestyle Habits of US Medical Students: A Longitudinal Study.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):341-347

Center for Clinical and Translational Science and Training, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Background: Evidence shows that physicians and medical students who engage in healthy lifestyle habits are more likely to counsel patients about such behaviors. Yet medical school is a challenging time that may bring about undesired changes to health and lifestyle habits.

Aims: This study assessed changes in students' health and lifestyle behaviors during medical school. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_469_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423333PMC
May 2017
46 Reads

Relationship between Sonographic Placental Thickness and Gestational Age in Normal Singleton Fetuses in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Nov-Dec;6(6):335-340

Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: The accuracy of common ultrasound parameters for the estimation of gestational age (GA) decreases as pregnancy advances in age. Hence, there is need to explore other parameters that may complement the established fetal biometric parameters in predicting GA in late pregnancy.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the sonographic placental thickness (PT) and GA in the second and third trimesters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_457_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423332PMC
May 2017
6 Reads

Serum Adiponectin Levels are Associated with Microcirculatory Function, but not with Coronary Artery Disease in the Young.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):332-333

Department of Education and Research, Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.204050DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414447PMC

Subtrochanteric and Distal Femur Fractures in a Patient with Femoral Shaft Fracture Malunion and Knee Disarticulation: A Rare and Challenging Case Report.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):328-331

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Felicio Rocho Hospital, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

This study aims to describe a rare and challenging case of a patient who presented ipsilateral subtrochanteric and distal femur fractures due to low-energy trauma. The peculiarity of this case is the presence of femoral shaft fracture malunion and knee disarticulation in the same limb resulting from an accident suffered 30 years ago. The patient underwent femoral diaphyseal osteotomy and fixation of the subtrochanteric and distal femur fractures with a long cephalomedullary nail and distal femur locking plate, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_86_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414446PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Clinicoradiologic Profile of Involvement and Healing in Tuberculosis of the Spine.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):311-327

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Paraplegia and Rehabilitation, Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Background: There is no much information about how tuberculous lesions of the spine progress/heal; what clinical and radiological features suggest progression/healing; what is the optimal duration of antitubercular treatment; and what clinical, laboratory, and radiological investigations and their frequency should be done to monitor the disease course.

Aims: The present study aimed to evaluate what specific clinicoradiologic features suggest involvement and healing in tuberculosis of the spine.

Subjects And Methods: Fifty spinal tuberculosis patients (30 males and 20 females) diagnosed clinicoradiologically were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_188_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414445PMC
May 2017
6 Reads

Medial Malleolar Fractures: An Anatomic Survey Determining the Ideal Screw Length.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):308-310

Department of Orthopedic Surgery - Greenville Health System University Medical Center, Greenville, South Carolina, USA.

Background: Medial malleolar fractures are frequent, and their treatment is familiar to the orthopedic surgeon. Lag screw fixation using partially threaded screws remains the standard treatment method for medial malleolar fractures. However, the literature lacks a defined method for selecting lag screw length, relying more so on the empiric choice of the surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_41_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414444PMC
May 2017
6 Reads

Emerging Trends in the Epidemiological Pattern of Head and Neck Cancers in Lagos, Nigeria.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):301-307

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos/Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: Unfortunately, despite an increase in medical knowledge, survival rates of head and neck cancers (HNCs) have not been observed to improve greatly. This is true, especially in tumors located in obscure primary sites or late presentation.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to assess the epidemiologic pattern of HNCs and to evaluate its emerging trends and patterns in Lagos state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_30_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414443PMC
May 2017
23 Reads

Wasting of Extensor Digitorum Brevis as a Decisive Preoperative Clinical Indicator of Lumbar Canal Stenosis: A Single-center Prospective Cohort Study.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):296-300

Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medical Sciences, International Society for Medical Education, Chitwan, Nepal.

Background: The dilemma in managing patients with low back ache lies in differentiating radiculopathy from lumbar canal stenosis. This has a huge bearing in patients being planned for surgical intervention as underperforming leads to failed back syndrome whereas over-doing leads to instability. There still remains a loophole in clinically diagnosing lumbar canal stenosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_392_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414442PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Color Stability of Heat-cure Acrylic Resin Subjected to Simulated Short-term Immersion in Fast-acting Denture Cleansers.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):291-295

Department of Prosthodontics, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: Regular usage of denture cleansers is recommended in complete denture wearers for effective plaque control, and these cleansers alter the physical properties of acrylic resin over a period of time. Thus, an study was carried out to assess the effect of denture cleansers on the color stability of heat-cure denture base resin.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of commercially available fast-acting denture cleansers on the color stability of heat-cure denture base resin at different time intervals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_64_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414441PMC
May 2017
6 Reads

Awareness and Attitudes toward Organ Donation in Rural Puducherry, India.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):286-290

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Background: For many of the end-stage organ diseases, organ transplantation is the most preferred treatment. The need for the organ transplantation is higher than the availability. For the transplantation program to be successful, awareness regarding organ donation is needed and people must have a positive attitude toward donating organs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_63_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414440PMC

Adnexal Tumors of Skin: An Experience at a Tertiary Care Center at Delhi.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):280-285

Department of Pathology, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, India.

Background: Adnexal skin tumors are a heterogeneous group of uncommon tumors usually misdiagnosed clinically due to a huge variety of types and their variants. Histopathology usually helps in establishing the diagnosis.

Aims: The study was undertaken to analyze the morphological, clinical, and histological features of adnexal tumors (ATs) of the skin at our center over a period of 4 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_339_14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414439PMC
May 2017
33 Reads

Evaluation of Serum and Urinary Neopterin Levels as a Biomarker for Occupational Exposure to Crystalline Silica.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):274-279

Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Crystalline silica is a commonly used mineral in various industries and construction activities, and it is so important introducing potential biomarkers to identify early indicators of biological effects in its high-risk occupational exposures.

Aim: The present study was aimed to assess the blood and urinary neopterin as an early biomarker of exposure in the workers of an insulator manufacturing plant who are exposed to crystalline silica.

Subjects And Methods: This analytical descriptive study was done among two groups of exposed workers ( = 55) and unexposed office workers ( = 38) of an insulator manufacturing plant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_140_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414438PMC
May 2017
5 Reads

Phenotypic Detection and Antibiogram of β-lactamase-producing Species in a Tertiary Care Hospital, India.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):267-273

Department of Microbiology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Background: species cause a variety of community- and hospital-acquired illnesses. Synthesis of β-lactamases is the predominant mechanism for resistance to β-lactam antibiotics. Among the β-lactamases, extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases are the most common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_413_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414437PMC
May 2017
13 Reads

Peripheral and Central Nervous System Involvement in Recently Diagnosed Cases of Hypothyroidism: An Electrophysiological Study.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):261-266

Department of Physiology, Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India.

Background: Hypothyroidism, one of the most common endocrine disorders, may induce neurological abnormalities at an early stage of the disease.

Aim: The study was designed to assess the electrophysiological alterations of some selected variables of nerve conduction, brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs), and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in hypothyroid patients.

Subjects And Methods: Sixty patients of newly diagnosed hypothyroidism and an equal number of age-matched controls were selected for the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_39_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5414436PMC
May 2017
4 Reads

The Cost Bubble in Medical Education: Will it Burst and When?

Authors:
K Walsh

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):257-259

BMJ Learning, BMJ, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9JR, UK. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_18_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405639PMC

Cervical Necrotizing Fasciitis: A Potentially Fatal Disease with Varied Etiology.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):251-256

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Necrotizing fasciitis was recognized centuries ago by physicians. It is a rapidly progressive and potentially fatal soft-tissue infection that is typified by soft-tissue necrosis, especially affecting the subcutaneous tissues and fascia. Cervico-facial necrotizing fasciitis is said to be uncommon, but when it occurs, it is often of odontogenic origin and has severe consequences if not promptly treated. Read More

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http://www.amhsr.org/text.asp?2016/6/4/251/203637
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_33_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405638PMC
May 2017
3 Reads

The Burden and Outcome of Pediatric Renal Admissions at the Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki: A 3-year Review (2011-2013).

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):243-250

Department of Pediatrics, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi, Nigeria.

Background: Renal diseases are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide particularly in the resource-poor countries of sub-Saharan Africa. Adequate data on these diseases in children in our setting are limited as a result of late/nonpresentation.

Aim: The aim of the study is to review the pattern and outcome of pediatric renal admissions at the Federal Teaching Hospital (FETH) Abakaliki over a 3-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_342_14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405637PMC

The Effect of Personality Traits of Managers/Supervisor on Job Satisfaction of Medical Sciences University Staffs.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):239-242

Education and Development Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Todays people are spending most of their time life in their workplace therefore investigation for job satisfaction related factors is necessities of researches.

Aim: The purpose of this research was to analyze the effect of manager's personality traits on employee job satisfaction.

Subjects And Methods: The present study is a descriptive and causative-comparative one utilized on a statistical sample of 44 managers and 119 employees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.203642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405636PMC

Evaluation of the Correlation of Ramus Height, Gonial Angle, and Dental Height with Different Facial Forms in Individuals with Deep Bite Disorders.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):232-238

Department of Prosthodontics, SRM Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Restoring the vertical dimension is a critical procedure in prosthetic dentistry. Anterior facial height has a significant impact on the length of the ramus. Patients with deep bite will exhibit a shorter lower facial height; hence, restoring the vertical dimension esthetically without altering the facial form is highly challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_335_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405635PMC

Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Symptoms in Menopausal Arab Women: Shedding More Light on a Complex Relationship.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):224-231

Department of Psychiatry, Section of Cultural Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, Maudsley Hospital, London, UK.

Background: The association between depression, anxiety, and stress among Arab menopause and postmenopausal women have been explored in detailed.

Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between depression, anxiety, and stress in menopausal and postmenopausal women and shedding more light on a complex relationship.

Subjects And Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was used to generate menopause symptoms experienced by Arabian women at the primary health care centers in Qatar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_341_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405634PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Assessment of the Effects of , , , and Gene Polymorphisms on Women with Allergic Rhinitis in Shahrekord, Iran.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):216-223

ENT Department, School of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Background: The genes encoding , , , and have recently been implicated in the genetic basis of rhinitis and allergy.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL9, IL9R, IL17A, and IL17F and potential interaction of these genes with the determination of IgE levels in women with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Shahrekord, Iran.

Subjects And Methods: In a case-control study, SNPs from the , , , and were genotyped in 394 random samples including 195 AR patients and 199 normal controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_485_14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405633PMC

The Effect of Lavender Aromatherapy on the Pain Severity of Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Triple-blind Randomized Clinical Trial.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):211-215

Midwifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

Background: Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common complaint in adolescents and adult young women that disturbs their daily life performance.

Aim: The current study investigated the effect of lavender aromatherapy on pain severity in primary dysmenorrhea.

Subjects And Methods: This triple-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 200 students of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_527_14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405632PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Validation of Leiden Score in Predicting Progression of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Undifferentiated Arthritis in Indian Population.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):205-210

Department of Biochemistry, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.

Background: Leiden Score, is a very useful tool for predicting future development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), among undifferentiated arthritis (UA) patients. This score has been validated in various western studies but rarely among south east Asian patients.

Aims: To validate the Leiden early arthritis prediction rule in an Indian cohort of patients for predicting rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in undifferentiated arthritis (UA) patients and to formulate any simpler version of prediction score taking only clinical variables of original Leiden prediction rule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_339_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405631PMC
May 2017
9 Reads

The Public Health Threat of Road Traffic Accidents in Nigeria: A Call to Action.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jul-Aug;6(4):199-204

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA, USA.

Public health experts worldwide concede that there is a global epidemic of road traffic accidents (RTA). Globally, RTA is the leading cause of injury-related deaths. In Nigeria, injuries and deaths resulting from RTA are on the rise and are Nigeria's third-leading cause of overall deaths, the leading cause of trauma-related deaths and the most common cause of disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/amhsr.amhsr_452_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405630PMC
May 2017
2 Reads

An Alternative Instrument for Making Entry Point for Elastic Intramedullary Nail.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):198

Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183938DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924497PMC

Fabry's Disease: Case Series and Review of Literature.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):193-7

Department of Internal Medicine, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Fabry's disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A enzyme with the progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide in vascular endothelial cells leading to cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neuropathic, lenticular, and dermatological manifestations. It is a rare cause of end-stage renal disease. It classically affects males whereas 10-15% of female heterozygote carriers are affected depending on localization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924496PMC
July 2016
7 Reads
1 Citation

Bi-lobed Perirectal Epidermoid Cyst: An Unusual Cause of Hematochezia in a Middle-aged Woman.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):190-2

Department of Surgery, Harlem Hospital, New York, USA.

Perirectal epidermoid cysts are congenital cysts originating from the ectodermal germ cell layer of the hind gut. Their presenting symptoms are most often nonspecific and distinguishing them from other presacral developmental cysts often present a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. We present a 58-year-old woman who presented with chronic dyschezia and hematochezia of a few days duration and no prior colonoscopies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183941DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924495PMC
July 2016
1 Read

Refining the Journal Club Presentations of Postgraduate Students in Seven Clinical Departments for Better Evidence-based Practice.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):185-9

Department of Physiology, J. N. Medical College, Belgaum, Karnataka, India.

Background: A gap between best practice and actual clinical care exists and this can be overcome by evidence-based practice (EBP), which is essential to improve the clinical decision making. A strategy to reduce deficits in care provision is to train the postgraduate students in the practice of EBP in the journal clubs as evidence from medical colleges in India reveals that current format of journal club presentations is unsatisfactory.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to refine the journal club presentations of postgraduate students of clinical departments and to study the effectiveness of EBP training in them for better EBP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183939DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924494PMC

Utility of Bacillary Index in Slit Skin Smears in Correlation with Clinical and Histopathological Alterations in Hansen's Disease: An Attempt to Revive a Simple Useful Procedure.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):181-4

Department of Pathology, NRI Medical College, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Leprosy, a relatively common chronic contagious disease having diverse modes of clinical presentation, can mimic a variety of unrelated diseases. For proper and adequate treatment, the diagnosis must be made accurately with subtyping which should be done with the help of bacillary index, histopathological features, and clinical correlation. This is extremely important in patient care as paucibacillary and multibacillary types have different modes of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183936DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924493PMC

Applicability of Two Universally Accepted Mixed Dentition Analysis on a Sample from Southeastern Region of Andhra Pradesh, India.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):176-80

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: Most of the universally accepted mixed dentition analyses are based on the data derived from northwestern European descent. However, the accuracy of these methods when applied to different ethnic population is questionable.

Aim: The present study is aimed to evaluate the applicability of Tanaka and Johnston (TJ) and Moyers (50(th) and 75(th) percentile) mixed dentition analysis in a sample from south-eastern region of Andhra Pradesh, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924492PMC

The Burden of Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients with Degenerative Mitral Valve Disease in Enugu South-East Nigeria: An Echocardiographic Based Study.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):172-5

Department of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: Pulmonary hypertension is a common complication of degenerative mitral valve disease, and contributes significantly to both morbidity and mortality. The use of medications for reduction of pulmonary pressure in patients is not a common practice by most physicians in this part of the world because of the absence of data on pulmonary hypertension.

Aim: The authors set out to find the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in patients with degenerative mitral valve disease and to determine if there are gender differences in affectation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183945DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924491PMC
July 2016
4 Reads

Accidental Childhood Poisoning in Enugu, South-East, Nigeria.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):168-71

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: Accidental childhood poisoning is one of the recognized causes of morbidity and mortality in children under the age of 5 years worldwide. The prevalence and type of substance ingested vary from place to place and over time.

Aim: This study was conducted with the aim of ascertaining the frequency and pattern of accidental childhood poisoning in Enugu. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183944DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924490PMC

Emergence of Multidrug Resistance and Metallo-beta-lactamase Producing Acinetobacter baumannii Isolated from Patients in Shiraz, Iran.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):162-7

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Metallo-beta-lactamase (MβL) enzymes production is one of the most important resistance mechanisms against carbapenems in some bacteria including Acinetobacter baumannii.

Aims: This study was aimed to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility and the prevalence of MβL among carbapenem-resistant isolates of A. baumannii. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183946DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924489PMC

Seroprevalence and Correlates of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Secondary School Children in Enugu, Nigeria.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):156-61

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: Although children comprise a small fraction of the burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections, which is a major global health challenge, a significant number of them develop chronic HCV infection and are at risk of its complications.

Aim: The aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of HCV infection in school children in Enugu urban.

Subjects And Methods: This was a cross-sectional seroepidemiological study involving children aged 10-18 years selected using multistage systematic sampling in Enugu metropolis, Southeast Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183940DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924488PMC

Ghrelin and its Association with Nutritional and Inflammatory Status of Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis in a South Indian Tertiary Care Hospital.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):146-55

Research Scientist, V Clin Bio Labs, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Malnutrition and inflammation are associated with morbidity and mortality in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Ghrelin, an orexigenic peptide hormone, is speculated to be associated with nutritional and inflammatory status in MHD.

Aim: To assess the serum total ghrelin levels and its possible relationship with inflammation and nutritional status in patients on MHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183937DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924487PMC
July 2016
1 Read

The Wonders of Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitors: A Majestic History.

Authors:
A S Elhwuegi

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 May-Jun;6(3):139-45

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tripoli University, Tripoli, Libya.

The Nobel Prize winning discovery of nitric oxide (NO) in 1986 was the starting point for a new innovation in drug discovery. NO acting as a mediator at different physiological systems is believed to be involved in many physiological and pathological conditions through the formation of the second messenger cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). cGMP-dependent vasodilation effect of NO is important in regulating pulmonary and systemic pressures, maintaining penis erection, preventing atherosclerosis, preventing platelet aggregation, and protecting and controlling cardiac functions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.183943DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924486PMC
July 2016
1 Read

Epithelial Inclusion Cyst in a Cervical Lymph Node: Report of a Rare Entity at an Uncommon Location.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Mar-Apr;6(2):137-8

Department of Pathology, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.181844DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866368PMC

An Audit of Malignant Oro-facial Tumors Presenting at a Tertiary Hospital in Lagos.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Mar-Apr;6(2):133-6

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, General Hospital Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.

Oro-facial malignancies are reported to have a high mortality and morbidity, this is further worsened when patient report late. To analyze the malignant oro-facial lesions seen at a Hospital in the Lagos, Nigeria. Successive patients that presented in the hospital and met criteria of study during 15 months period were recruited into the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.181840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866367PMC

Suction Cup Induced Palatal Fistula: Surgical Closure by Palatal Rotational Flap.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Mar-Apr;6(2):129-32

Department of Pedodontics, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India.

Construction of complete denture with adequate retention is a complex procedure. Use of suction cup in a maxillary denture is one of the techniques to improve retention. Palatal Suction cup, which provides high retention by inducing negative pressure on the mucosal surface, is not being recommended because of its pathological effect on the palatal tissues leading to palatal perforation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.181842DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866366PMC

Factors Associated with Prevalent Tuberculosis Among Patients Receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Mar-Apr;6(2):120-8

Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, USA.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) causes significant morbidity/mortality among human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals in Africa. Reducing TB burden in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is a public health priority.

Aim: We determined the factors associated with prevalent TB among patients receiving HAART. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.181837DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866365PMC
May 2016
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Prevalence of Dog Bites in Rural and Urban Slums of Delhi: A Community-based Study.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Mar-Apr;6(2):115-9

Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.

Background: Rabies is a fatal disease of the central nervous system caused by the bites of warm-blooded animals. One of the important methods of controlling rabies is by interventions to limit the number of dog bites, the most common source of transmission of rabies to humans in the community. Community-based data on dog bites are rare from India. Read More

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http://www.amhsr.org/text.asp?2016/6/2/115/181836
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.181836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4866364PMC
May 2016
2 Reads