Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    32143 results match your criteria Annals of internal medicine[Journal]

    1 OF 643

    What Recent History Has Taught Us About Responding to Emerging Infectious Disease Threats.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    From Office of the Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.
    Presidential administrations face any number of unexpected crises during their tenure, and global pandemics are among the most challenging. As of January 2017, one of the authors had served under 5 presidents as the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health. During each administration, the government faced unexpected pandemics, ranging from the HIV/AIDS pandemic, which began during the Reagan administration, to the recent Zika outbreak in the Americas, which started during the Obama administration. Read More

    Aspirin in Patients With Previous Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    From University of Alberta and Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada; Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa; Hamilton Health Sciences and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China; Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; St. John's Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, India; Narayana Hrudayalaya, Bangalore, India; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University, London, Ontario, Canada; Sant Pau Hospital and Biomedical Research Institute, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Research Center of Cardiovascular Diseases (CIBERCV), Barcelona, Spain; Fundación Cardioinfantil Instituto de Cardiología, Bogotá, and Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia; University of Adelaide and Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia; IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute and Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy; Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Hospital Arzobispo Loayza, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; Royal Hobart Hospital and University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia; CARE Hospitals, Maharanipeta, Visakhapatnam, India; Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand; McGill University Health Centre, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Hospital Universitario Fundación Hospital Alcorcon, Madrid, Spain; and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Hautepierre, Strasbourg, France.
    Background: Uncertainty remains about the effects of aspirin in patients with prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) having noncardiac surgery.

    Objective: To evaluate benefits and harms of perioperative aspirin in patients with prior PCI.

    Design: Nonprespecified subgroup analysis of a multicenter factorial trial. Read More

    Outcomes of Dabigatran and Warfarin for Atrial Fibrillation in Contemporary Practice: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    From Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, and Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts; Western University of Health Sciences College of Pharmacy, Pomona, California; U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland; Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California; and Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Background: Dabigatran (150 mg twice daily) has been associated with lower rates of stroke than warfarin in trials of atrial fibrillation, but large-scale evaluations in clinical practice are limited.

    Objective: To compare incidence of stroke, bleeding, and myocardial infarction in patients receiving dabigatran versus warfarin in practice.

    Design: Retrospective cohort. Read More

    Diagnostic Accuracy of Screening Tests and Treatment for Post-Acute Coronary Syndrome Depression: A Systematic Review.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    From Duke University School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs (VA) Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center (MIRECC), Durham, North Carolina; Duke University School of Medicine and Durham VA Evidence Synthesis Center, Durham, North Carolina; Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, and Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Anaheim, California; and University of Washington, Boise, Idaho.
    Background: Patients who have had an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event have an increased risk for depression.

    Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of depression screening instruments and to compare safety and effectiveness of depression treatments in adults within 3 months of an ACS event.

    Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from January 2003 to August 2017, and a manual search of citations from key primary and review articles. Read More

    Functional Impairment and Decline in Middle Age: A Cohort Study.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    From University of California, San Francisco, and San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California.
    Background: Difficulties with daily functioning are common in middle-aged adults. However, little is known about the epidemiology or clinical course of these problems, including the extent to which they share common features with functional impairment in older adults.

    Objective: To determine the epidemiology and clinical course of functional impairment and decline in middle age. Read More

    Self-administered Versus Directly Observed Once-Weekly Isoniazid and Rifapentine Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection: A Randomized Trial.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 7. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    From Denver Health and Hospital Authority and the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado; Emory University and Fulton County Department of Health and Wellness, Atlanta, Georgia; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; Public Health Agency of Barcelona and CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Barcelona, Spain; University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; Westat, Fort Lauderdale, Florida; University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; and University of Texas Health Science Center and Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas.
    Background: Expanding latent tuberculosis treatment is important to decrease active disease globally. Once-weekly isoniazid and rifapentine for 12 doses is effective but limited by requiring direct observation.

    Objective: To compare treatment completion and safety of once-weekly isoniazid and rifapentine by self-administration versus direct observation. Read More

    Epizootic Outbreak of Yellow Fever Virus and Risk for Human Disease in Salvador, Brazil.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 7. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    From Universidade Federal da Bahia and Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil; Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brazil; Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Salvador, Salvador, Brazil; Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil; University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas; and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

    Acute Kidney Injury.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov;167(9):ITC66-ITC80
    From Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, and the University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta.
    Acute kidney injury is a heterogeneous group of conditions characterized by a sudden decrease in glomerular filtration rate, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine concentration or oliguria, and classified by stage and cause. This type of injury occurs in approximately 20% of hospitalized patients, with major complications including volume overload, electrolyte disorders, uremic complications, and drug toxicity. Management includes specific treatments according to the underlying cause and supportive treatment to prevent and manage complications. Read More

    46-Year Trends in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Mortality in the United States, 1968 to 2013: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    From University of California, Los Angeles, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, and UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Los Angeles, California.
    Background: No large population-based studies have been done on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) mortality trends in the United States.

    Objective: To identify secular trends and population characteristics associated with SLE mortality.

    Design: Population-based study using a national mortality database and census data. Read More

    The Role of Genetic Counseling in Familial and Sporadic Cancer: Considerations, Challenges, and Collaboration.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    From Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York.

    Identifying Trends in Undiagnosed Diabetes in U.S. Adults by Using a Confirmatory Definition: A Cross-sectional Study.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Oct 24. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    From Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, and International Diabetes Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
    Background: A common belief is that one quarter to one third of all diabetes cases remain undiagnosed. However, such prevalence estimates may be overstated by epidemiologic studies that do not use confirmatory testing, as recommended by clinical diagnostic criteria.

    Objective: To provide national estimates of undiagnosed diabetes by using a confirmatory testing strategy, in line with clinical practice guidelines. Read More

    In-State and Interstate Associations Between Gun Shows and Firearm Deaths and Injuries: A Quasi-experimental Study.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Oct 24. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    From University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, Berkeley, California; and University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California.
    Background: Gun shows are an important source of firearms, but no adequately powered studies have examined whether they are associated with increases in firearm injuries.

    Objective: To determine whether gun shows are associated with short-term increases in local firearm injuries and whether this association differs by the state in which the gun show is held.

    Design: Quasi-experimental. Read More

    Synopsis of the 2017 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs/U.S. Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guideline: Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 24;167(9):655-663. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    From VA Boston Healthcare System, West Roxbury, Massachusetts; San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas; Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio; VHA National Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Durham, North Carolina; San Diego Internal Medicine, San Diego, California; and Veterans Affairs Central Office, Office of Specialty Care Services, Washington, DC.
    Description: In April 2017, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the U. Read More

    The Spectrum of Subclinical Primary Aldosteronism and Incident Hypertension: A Cohort Study.
    Ann Intern Med 2017 Nov 10;167(9):630-641. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    From Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts; Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; and University of California San Diego and Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California.
    Background: Primary aldosteronism is recognized as a severe form of renin-independent aldosteronism that results in excessive mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activation.

    Objective: To investigate whether a spectrum of subclinical renin-independent aldosteronism that increases risk for hypertension exists among normotensive persons.

    Design: Cohort study. Read More

    1 OF 643