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    2907 results match your criteria Annals of epidemiology[Journal]

    1 OF 59

    Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 15. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    Center for Molecular and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC), multiple episodes of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC; vaginal yeast infection) within a 12-month period, adversely affects quality of life, mental health, and sexual activity. Diagnosis is not straightforward, as VVC is defined by the combination of often nonspecific vaginal symptoms and the presence of yeast-which is a common vaginal commensal. Estimating the incidence and prevalence is challenging: most VVC is diagnosed and treated empirically, the availability for purchase of effective therapies over the counter enables self-diagnosis and treatment, and the duration of the relatively benign VVC symptoms is short, introducing errors into any estimates relying on medical records or patient recall. Read More

    Does the association between early life growth and later obesity differ by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status? A systematic review.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    OHSU-PSU School of Public Health, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Rapid growth during infancy predicts higher risk of obesity later in childhood. The association between patterns of early life growth and later obesity may differ by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status (SES), but prior evidence syntheses do not consider vulnerable subpopulations.

    Methods: We systemically reviewed published studies that explored patterns of early life growth (0-24 months of age) as predictors of later obesity (>24 months) that were either conducted in racial/ethnic minority or low-SES study populations or assessed effect modification of this association by race/ethnicity or SES. Read More

    Rural counties chlamydia and gonorrhea rates in Pennsylvania among adolescents and young adults.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park.
    Background: American adolescents and young adults between the ages of 15 and 24 account for 50% of all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) annually. Rural populations in this age group are often understudied, despite having factors that place them at higher risk for STDs.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of time series analysis in the assessment of rural Pennsylvania county-level chlamydia and gonorrhea rates overtime (2004-2014) for 15- to 19- and 20- to 24-year-old age groups by gender. Read More

    Factors affecting workforce participation and healthy worker biases in U.S. women and men.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 25. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
    Purpose: To investigate potential attenuation of healthy worker biases in populations in which healthy women of reproductive age opt out of the workforce to provide childcare.

    Methods: We used 2013-2015 data from 120,928 U.S. Read More

    Opioid dosing trends over eight years among US Veterans with musculoskeletal disorders after returning from service in support of recent conflicts.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN; Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis.
    Purpose: To examine long-term opioid dosing trends among Veterans with chronic pain.

    Methods: We identified 79,015 Veterans with musculoskeletal disorders who were dispensed greater than or equal to 1 opioid prescriptions between 2002 and 2009 after returning from recent conflicts. Opioid-dosing trends were examined using a generalized estimating equation while accounting for patient characteristics, temporal and geographic confounding. Read More

    Participation in a US community-based cardiovascular health study: investigating nonrandom selection effects related to employment, perceived stress, work-related stress, and family caregiving.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 15. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, Cincinnati, OH.
    Purpose: Participation in health studies may be inversely associated with employment and stress. We investigated whether employment, perceived stress, work-related stress, and family caregiving were related to participation in a longitudinal US community-based health study of black and white men and women aged ≥45 years.

    Methods: Prevalence ratios and confidence intervals were estimated for completion of the second stage (S2) of a two-stage enrollment process by employment (status, type), and stress (perceived stress, work-related stress, caregiving), adjusting for age, sex, race, region, income, and education. Read More

    Disparities in gestational age-specific fetal mortality rates in the United States, 2009-2013.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Purpose: Although studies have examined overall temporal changes in gestational age-specific fetal mortality rates, there is little information on the current status of racial/ethnic differences. We hypothesize that differences exist between racial/ethnic groups across gestational age and that these differences are not equally distributed.

    Methods: Using the 2009-2013 data from US fetal death and live birth files for non-Hispanic white (NHW); non-Hispanic black (NHB); Hispanic; and American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) women, we conducted analyses to examine fetal mortality rates and estimate adjusted prevalence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Read More

    Season of birth and primary central nervous system tumors: a systematic review of the literature with critical appraisal of underlying mechanisms.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Season of birth has been considered a proxy of seasonally varying exposures around perinatal period, potentially implicated in the etiology of several health outcomes, including malignancies.

    Methods: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we have systematically reviewed published literature on the association of birth seasonality with risk of central nervous system tumors in children and adults.

    Results: Seventeen eligible studies using various methodologies were identified, encompassing 20,523 cases. Read More

    Trends in employer postings for epidemiology jobs: an analysis of PublicHealthJobs.net data from 2003 to 2016.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 12. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To analyze public health job posting data to help objectively inform epidemiology faculty and students about skills sought by employers.

    Methods: Raw data from PublicHealthJobs.net database (January 2003-October 2016) was data-mined and analyzed (n = 25,308 job postings). Read More

    The development of a massive open online course during the 2014-15 Ebola virus disease epidemic.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 12. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
    Purpose: Timely training was urgently needed at the onset of the 2014 Ebola virus disease epidemic. Massive open online courses (MOOCs) have grown in popularity, though little is known about their utility in time-sensitive situations, including infectious disease outbreaks.

    Methods: We created the first English language massive open online course on Ebola virus disease. Read More

    Cardiorespiratory fitness and future risk of pneumonia: a long-term prospective cohort study.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 12. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Central Finland Central Hospital, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Purpose: We aimed to assess the prospective association of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with the risk of pneumonia.

    Methods: Cardiorespiratory fitness, as measured by maximal oxygen uptake, was assessed using a respiratory gas exchange analyzer in 2244 middle-aged men in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease cohort. We corrected for within-person variability in CRF levels using data from repeat measurements taken several years apart. Read More

    Fetal death certificate data quality: a tale of two U.S. counties.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 20;27(8):466-471.e2. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
    Purpose: Describe the relative frequency and joint effect of missing and misreported fetal death certificate (FDC) data and identify variations by key characteristics.

    Methods: Stillbirths were prospectively identified during 2006-2008 for a multisite population-based case-control study. For this study, eligible mothers of stillbirths were not incarcerated residents of DeKalb County, Georgia, or Salt Lake County, Utah, aged ≥13 years, with an identifiable FDC. Read More

    Autism spectrum disorders and their treatment with psychotropic medications in a nationally representative outpatient sample: 1994-2009.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jul 27;27(7):448-453.e1. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH.
    Purpose: No prior studies have assessed change in health care provider-coded rates of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses over time, and few have investigated sociodemographic factors associated with having an ASD diagnosis, having behavioral conditions comorbid with ASD, or using psychotropic medications for this group.

    Methods: We used data from the 1994-2009 National (Hospital) Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys for children aged 2-18 years (n = 158,488).

    Results: Rates of visits with coded-ASD per 100 outpatient medical visits increased from 0. Read More

    Cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer incidence in men.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jul 29;27(7):442-447. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Cardiology Division, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System/Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.
    Purpose: The preventive role of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in cancer is not well established. The present study sought to evaluate the association between CRF and cancer incidence in men.

    Methods: Maximal exercise testing was performed in 4920 men (59. Read More

    Maternal childhood cardiometabolic risk factors and pregnancy complications.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jul 29;27(7):429-434. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA.
    Purpose: The influence of childhood health on later-life health outcomes is increasingly hypothesized but rarely tested. We examined the relationship between cardiometabolic indicators in childhood and risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes.

    Methods: Childhood measurements from 755 women in the Bogalusa Heart Study included body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, and glucose. Read More


    Does social selection explain the association between state-level racial animus and racial disparities in self-rated health in the United States?
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 13;27(8):485-492.e6. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School Public Health, Columbia University, New York City, NY.
    Purpose: Racism, whether defined at individual, interpersonal, or structural levels, is associated with poor health among Blacks. This association may arise because exposure to racism causes poor health, but geographic mobility patterns pose an alternative explanation-namely, Black individuals with better health and resources can move away from racist environments.

    Methods: We examine the evidence for selection effects using nationally representative, longitudinal data (1990-2009) from the Panel Study on Income Dynamics (n = 33,852). Read More

    Contribution of weight status to asthma prevalence racial disparities, 2-19 year olds, 1988-2014.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 14;27(8):472-478.e3. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD; US Public Health Service, Rockville, MD.
    Purpose: Racial disparities in childhood asthma prevalence increased after the 1990s. Obesity, which also varies by race/ethnicity, is an asthma risk factor but its contribution to asthma prevalence disparities is unknown.

    Methods: We analyzed nationally representative National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey data for 2-19 year olds with logistic regression and decomposition analyses to assess the contributions of weight status to racial disparities in asthma prevalence, controlling for sex, age, and income status. Read More

    Maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment and risk of stillbirth.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Aug 13;27(8):459-465.e2. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
    Purpose: To determine the association between maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) and risk of stillbirth (fetal death at or after 20 weeks' gestation).

    Methods: Population-based case-control study from the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network (SCRN) conducted in 2006-2008, and the follow-up study, SCRN-Outcomes after Study Index Stillbirth (SCRN-OASIS), conducted in 2009 in the United States. Cases (n = 133) included women who experienced a stillbirth, excluding stillbirths attributed to genetic/structural or umbilical cord abnormalities and intrapartum stillbirths. Read More

    Science, politics, and communication: The Case of Community Water Fluoridation in the US.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 29. Epub 2017 May 29.
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill.
    Community water fluoridation (CWF) and its effect in reducing the burden of dental caries (tooth decay) is considered one of the 10 public health achievements in the 20th century. In the U.S. Read More

    Individual housing-based socioeconomic status predicts risk of accidental falls among adults.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jul 8;27(7):415-420.e2. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Accidental falls are a major public health concern among people of all ages. Little is known about whether an individual-level housing-based socioeconomic status measure is associated with the risk of accidental falls.

    Methods: Among 12,286 Mayo Clinic Biobank participants residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, subjects who experienced accidental falls between the biobank enrollment and September 2014 were identified using ICD-9 codes evaluated at emergency departments. Read More

    Predictors of successful telephone follow-up in a multicenter study of infants with severe bronchiolitis.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jul 5;27(7):454-458.e1. Epub 2017 Jun 5.
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To identify the characteristics that predict successful telephone follow-up with parents of infants with severe bronchiolitis.

    Methods: We analyzed data from a 17-center, prospective cohort study of infants (age <1 year) hospitalized with bronchiolitis during three consecutive fall/winter seasons. Participant contact information and clinical data were collected during the index hospitalization. Read More

    Entrenched obesity in childhood: findings from a national cohort study.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jul 31;27(7):435-441. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
    Purpose: Given the high levels of obesity among U.S. children, we examine whether obesity in childhood is a passing phenomenon or remains entrenched into adolescence. Read More

    Evaluation of a methodology to validate National Death Index retrieval results among a cohort of U.S. service members.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jun 15;27(6):397-400. Epub 2017 May 15.
    National Center for Telehealth and Technology (T2), Joint Base Lewis McChord, Tacoma, WA; Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle.
    Purpose: Accurate knowledge of the vital status of individuals is critical to the validity of mortality research. National Death Index (NDI) and NDI-Plus are comprehensive epidemiological resources for mortality ascertainment and cause of death data that require additional user validation. Currently, there is a gap in methods to guide validation of NDI search results rendered for active duty service members. Read More

    Maternal intake of fried foods and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jun 12;27(6):384-390.e1. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.
    Purpose: We examined the relationship of maternal periconceptional (i.e., before conception and early pregnancy) intake of fried foods with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. Read More

    Geographic variability in gestational weight gain: a multilevel population-based study of women having term births in Florida (2005-2012).
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jul 1;27(7):421-428.e2. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Department of Epidemiology, Saint Louis University College for Public Health and Social Justice, St. Louis, MO.
    Purpose: We examined the extent of geographic variability in gestational weight gain (GWG), identified areas where women have suboptimal GWG, and evaluated whether individual- and area-level factors account for such variability.

    Methods: We conducted a population-based cohort study including 1,385,574 women delivering term, singleton, and live births in Florida. We used a Bayesian, structured additive regression with a spatial function to analyze data from Florida's birth certificates (2005-2012) and ZIP code tabulation areas (ZCTAs; 2010 Census). Read More

    Role of alcohol and marijuana use in the initiation of fatal two-vehicle crashes.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 10;27(5):342-347.e1. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY.
    Purpose: To assess individual and joint effects of alcohol and marijuana on the initiation of fatal two-vehicle crashes.

    Methods: Data on 14,742 culpable drivers (initiators) and 14,742 nonculpable drivers (noninitiators) involved in the same fatal two-vehicle crashes between 1993 and 2014 were obtained from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Multivariable conditional logistic regression models were used to assess the association of driver use of alcohol, marijuana, or both with fatal crash initiation with adjustment for demographic variables. Read More

    Weight gain during pregnancy and the black-white disparity in preterm birth.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 10;27(5):323-328.e1. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To quantify the relationship between pregnancy weight gain with early and late preterm birth and evaluate whether associations differed between non-Hispanic (NH) black and NH white women.

    Methods: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of all live births to NH black and NH white women in the United States 2011-2015 (n = 10,714,983). We used weight gain z-scores in multiple logistic regression models stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and race to calculate population attributable risk (PAR) percentages for the contribution of high and low pregnancy weight gain to early and late preterm birth. Read More

    Age, gender, and socioeconomic gradients in metabolic syndrome: biomarker evidence from a large sample in Taiwan, 2005-2013.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 26;27(5):315-322.e2. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR.
    Purpose: To examine the age and gender heterogeneities in the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with biomarker data from Taiwan.

    Methods: Subjects included 102,201 men and 112,015 women aged 25 and above, from the 2005-2013 MJ Health Survey in Taiwan. SES was measured by education and family income. Read More

    Sex-specific associations of maternal birthweight with offspring birthweight in the Omega study.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 10;27(5):308-314.e4. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle; Center for Perinatal Studies, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, WA.
    Purpose: We investigated nonlinear and offspring sex-specific associations of maternal birthweight (BW) with offspring BW among participants of the Omega study, a pregnancy cohort.

    Methods: Maternal BW was modeled as a continuous variable, linear spline and binary variable indicating low birthweight (LBW; <2500 vs. ≥2500 grams). Read More

    Ethics, big data and computing in epidemiology and public health.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 10;27(5):297-301. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Miller School of Medicine, Institute for Bioethics and Health Policy, University of Miami, Miami, FL.
    Purpose: This article reflects on the activities of the Ethics Committee of the American College of Epidemiology (ACE). Members of the Ethics Committee identified an opportunity to elaborate on knowledge gained since the inception of the original Ethics Guidelines published by the ACE Ethics and Standards of Practice Committee in 2000.

    Methods: The ACE Ethics Committee presented a symposium session at the 2016 Epidemiology Congress of the Americas in Miami on the evolving complexities of ethics and epidemiology as it pertains to "big data. Read More

    Individual- and neighborhood-level contextual factors are associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission: genotypic clustering of cases in Michigan, 2004-2012.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jun 15;27(6):371-376.e5. Epub 2017 May 15.
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor.
    Purpose: Using genotyping data of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from new cases reported to the tuberculosis (TB) surveillance program, we evaluated risk factors for recent TB transmission at both the individual- and neighborhood- levels among U.S.-born and foreign-born populations. Read More

    Multidisciplinary design and analytic approaches to advance prospective research on the multilevel determinants of child health.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jun 15;27(6):361-370. Epub 2017 May 15.
    Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL.
    Purpose: Characterizing the determinants of child health and development over time, and identifying the mechanisms by which these determinants operate, is a research priority. The growth of precision medicine has increased awareness and refinement of conceptual frameworks, data management systems, and analytic methods for multilevel data. This article reviews key methodological challenges in cohort studies designed to investigate multilevel influences on child health and strategies to address them. Read More

    Urinary F2-isoprostanes and the risk of hypertension.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jun 17;27(6):391-396. Epub 2017 May 17.
    School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta; Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address:
    Purpose: There is strong biological plausibility for a causal role of reactive oxygen species in vascular pathology but no direct epidemiological evidence linking elevated reactive oxygen species levels to hypertension development. We examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between oxidative status (urinary F2-isoprostanes) and hypertension in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study cohort (n = 831).

    Methods: The cohort included non-Hispanic white, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic black individuals, with 252 (30%) having prevalent hypertension and 579 participants normotensive at baseline, 122 (21%) of whom developed hypertension during the 5-year follow-up. Read More

    Addressing refugee health through evidence-based policies: a case study.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 12. Epub 2017 May 12.
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham.
    The cumulative total of persons forced to leave their country for fear of persecution or organized violence reached an unprecedented 24.5 million by the end of 2015. Providing equitable access to appropriate health services for these highly diverse newcomers poses challenges for receiving countries. Read More

    Air pollution and cardiovascular events at labor and delivery: a case-crossover analysis.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Jun 12;27(6):377-383. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, NICHD, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address:
    Purpose: In this case-crossover study, we investigated the odds of having a labor/delivery with cardiovascular event (i.e., ischemic heart disease, stroke, heart failure, cardiac arrest/failure, and other or unspecified cardiovascular events) associated with acute exposure to common air pollutants. Read More

    Patterns of gun deaths across US counties 1999-2013.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 27;27(5):302-307.e3. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA.
    Purpose: We examined the socio-demographic distribution of gun deaths across 3143 counties in 50 United States' states to understand the spatial patterns and correlates of high and low gun deaths.

    Methods: We used aggregate counts of gun deaths and population in all counties from 1999 to 2013 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER). We characterized four levels of gun violence, as distinct levels of gun death rates of relatively safe, unsafe, violent, and extremely violent counties, based on quartiles of 15-year county-specific gun death rates per 100,000 and used negative binomial regression models allowing clustering by state to calculate incidence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Read More

    Epidemiology of mesothelioma of the pericardium and tunica vaginalis testis.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 14;27(5):348-359.e11. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Health Sciences Center, Exponent, Inc., Bellevue, WA.
    Purpose: Malignant mesothelioma most commonly arises in the pleura and peritoneum but also occurs rarely at other anatomical sites with mesothelial tissue, namely, the pericardium and tunica vaginalis testis (TVT). This review provides a better understanding of the epidemiology of mesothelioma of these extrapleural sites.

    Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the epidemiologic and clinical literature on pericardial mesothelioma and mesothelioma of the TVT. Read More

    Racial and socioeconomic disparities in viral suppression among persons living with HIV in New York City.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 27;27(5):335-341. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of HIV Prevention and Control, New York, NY.
    Purpose: To examine differences in racial disparities across levels of neighborhood poverty and differences in socioeconomic disparities by race/ethnicity in viral suppression among persons living with HIV (PLWH).

    Methods: Using HIV surveillance data, we categorized and geocoded PLWH who were in care in New York City (NYC). Multilevel binomial regression techniques were used to model viral suppression with a two-level hierarchical structure, by including age, transmission risk, year of diagnosis, race/ethnicity, census tract poverty, and an interaction term of race/ethnicity and census tract poverty in the model. Read More

    Trends in racial/ethnic disparities of new AIDS diagnoses in the United States, 1984-2013.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 May 21;27(5):329-334.e2. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
    Purpose: In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) disproportionately impacts racial/ethnic minorities. We describe and evaluate trends in the Black-White and Hispanic-White disparities of new AIDS diagnoses from 1984 to 2013 in the United States.

    Methods: AIDS diagnosis rates by race/ethnicity for people ≥13 years were calculated using national HIV surveillance and Census data. Read More

    2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a meta-analysis accounting for exposure levels.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Apr 31;27(4):281-289.e4. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, UC Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, CA. Electronic address:
    2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is one of the most commonly used selective herbicides in the world. A number of epidemiology studies have found an association between 2,4-D exposure and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) but these results are inconsistent and controversial. A previous meta-analysis found no clear association overall but did not specifically examine high-exposure groups. Read More

    Association of cardiovascular risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and youth: the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth.
    Ann Epidemiol 2017 Apr 31;27(4):260-268.e2. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.
    Purpose: Hispanic/Latinos have a high burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors which may begin at young ages. We tested the association of CVD risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and their children.

    Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Youth study. Read More

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