3,134 results match your criteria Annals of epidemiology[Journal]


The weathering hypothesis as an explanation for racial disparities in health: a systematic review.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY; Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

Purpose: The weathering hypothesis states that chronic exposure to social and economic disadvantage leads to accelerated decline in physical health outcomes and could partially explain racial disparities in a wide array of health conditions. This systematic review summarizes the literature empirically testing the weathering hypothesis and assesses the quality of the evidence regarding weathering as a determinant of racial disparities in health.

Methods: Databases (Web of Science, Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, and Embase) were searched for studies published in English up to July 1, 2017. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.011DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Increased HIV diagnoses in West Virginia counties highly vulnerable to rapid HIV dissemination through injection drug use: a cautionary tale.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To investigate HIV transmission potential from a cluster of HIV infections among men who have sex with men to persons who inject drugs in 15 West Virginia counties. These counties were previously identified as highly vulnerable to rapid HIV dissemination through injection drug use (IDU) associated with high levels of opioid misuse.

Methods: We interviewed persons with 2017 HIV diagnoses about past-year risk behaviors and elicited sexual, IDU, and social contacts. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.012DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Diversity and characterization of HIV-1 subtypes in the United States, 2008-2016.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address:

Purpose: This article describes subtype diversity among diagnosed HIV-1 infections in the United States during 2008-2016 by demographic or risk group and over time.

Methods: HIV-1 polymerase sequences reported to the National HIV Surveillance System for persons in 17 U.S. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183110
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.010DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Racial and sex differences in biological and chronological heart age in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham.

Purpose: Calculation of a biological heart age offers an alternative to absolute risk for characterizing cardiovascular risk by describing risk relative to an individual with normal health. We examined risk factors contributing to differences between biological and chronological heart age in young adults.

Methods: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study included 2264 Black and White men and women who attended examination years 10 through 25. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183089
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.009DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Body mass index across the life course: emergence of race-by-sex disparities in early childhood.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Sociology, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess when in the life-course race-by-sex disparities in body mass index (BMI) emerge.

Methods: Child Health and Development Studies participants, from whom height and weight data were collected at ages 5, 9-11, and 15-17 years, were followed up at the age of 50 years for anthropometric outcomes. Follow-up was completed for 605 subjects, 460 of whom were assessed for height and weight at the age of 50 years, had at least one available childhood BMI measure, and self-identified as either non-Hispanic black or non-Hispanic white. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.001DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Sexual behavior stigma and depression among transgender women and cisgender men who have sex with men in Côte d'Ivoire.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Purpose: Transgender women (TGW) and cisgender men who have sex with men (cisMSM) across sub-Saharan Africa experience health inequalities relative to other adults. Recent research has also revealed health inequalities between these often-conflated groups. Among TGW and cisMSM in Côte d'Ivoire, we sought to determine whether transgender female identity was associated with probable depression, and whether sexual behavior stigma mediated this association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
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Negative tuberculin skin test result predicts all-cause mortality among tuberculosis patients with HIV and diabetes comorbidity.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA; Departments of Epidemiology and Global Health, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if a negative tuberculin skin test (TST) result is associated with increased risk of mortality during tuberculosis (TB) treatment.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among patients aged ≥15 years with culture-positive TB reported to the Georgia State Electronic Notifiable Disease Surveillance System from 2009 to 2014. TST positivity was defined by the US Centers for Disease Control guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

A joint spatial model of opioid-associated deaths and treatment admissions in Ohio.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH; Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Purpose: Opioid misuse is a national epidemic, and Ohio is one of the states most impacted by this crisis. Ohio collects county-level counts of opioid-associated deaths and treatment admissions. We jointly model these two outcomes and assess the association of each rate with social and structural factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Racial and ethnic disparities in severe maternal morbidity prevalence and trends.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; Center for Population Health Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Purpose: Racial/ethnic disparities in severe maternal morbidity (SMM) are substantial, but little is known about whether these disparities are changing over time or the role of maternal and obstetric factors.

Methods: We examined disparities in SMM prevalence and trends using linked birth certificate and delivery discharge records from Californian births during 1997-2014 (n = 8,252,025).

Results: The prevalence of SMM was highest in non-Hispanic (NH) Black women (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Physical activity is indirectly associated with pain in college women through associations with somatization and panic disorder symptoms: a cross-sectional study.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens.

Purpose: This study tested whether the severity of somatization, panic, generalized anxiety, and depression symptoms mediated relationships between physical activity and pain using structural equation modeling.

Methods: College women (n = 1036; mean = SD age of 19.7 ± 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.008DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Longitudinal analysis of sibling correlation on blood pressure using mixed modeling.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Clinical Research, Unit of Human Genetics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Purpose: Although moderate to high genetic contribution to blood pressure variation have been estimated in numerous studies, the genetic control over the longitudinal change in blood pressure has been less frequently investigated because of the requirement of longitudinal design.

Methods: Based on blood pressure data from a large-scale family-based longitudinal survey, we introduced hierarchical modeling of longitudinal family data in combination with fractional polynomials for fitting nonlinear age patterns of blood pressure and the mixed-effect models for estimating sibling correlation on blood pressure to assess the genetic and shared environmental effects on blood pressure level as well as on the rate of change in blood pressure over ages.

Results: Significant sibling correlations were estimated on the levels of systolic blood pressure (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Hours of work and health in Japan.

Authors:
Shohei Okamoto

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Graduate School of Economics, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Purpose: This article aimed to examine the causal relationships of hours of work with health behaviors and health outcomes.

Method: The data were derived from Japan Household Panel Survey/Keio Household Panel Survey. In total, data from 2677 men and 2170 women were analyzed to show the effects of hours of work on body mass index, smoking, and sleeping hours. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Prescription opioid use by injured workers in Tennessee: a descriptive study using linked statewide databases.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 14;32:7-13. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Tennessee Department of Health, Office of Informatics and Analytics, Nashville, TN; Department of Health Policy, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.

Purpose: This is the first study in Tennessee to measure opioid use in injured workers and among the first nationally to use a prescription drug monitoring program to do so. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the prevalence of opioid use after injury and associated characteristics among workers reporting one injury to Tennessee Workers' Compensation.

Methods: Injured workers identified in Workers' Compensation records 2013-2015 were linked to their prescription history in Tennessee's prescription drug monitoring database. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183052
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.001DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Secondhand smoke, obesity, and risk of type II diabetes among California teachers.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 25;32:35-42. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of California Irvine, Irvine.

Purpose: To examine if secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with elevated risk of type II diabetes among California teachers. We also aim to determine if overall and central obesity are mediators or effect modifiers of this association.

Methods: Using data from the California Teachers Study, conducted in 1995-2013 in California public schools, we obtained information on SHS exposure among 39,887 lifetime nonsmokers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.011DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Impact of supportive housing on substance use-related health care utilization among homeless persons who are active substance users.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 14;32:1-6.e1. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Epidemiology, Bureau of Epidemiology Services, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Long Island City, New York.

Purpose: Homeless persons with a substance use disorder (SUD) are at high risk of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. We evaluated the impact of supportive housing on SUD-related ED visits and hospitalizations among active substance users experiencing chronic homelessness.

Methods: We matched 1558 homeless adults eligible for a New York City supportive housing program who had a SUD (2007-2012) to Medicaid claims data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.02.002DOI Listing

Population risk and burden of health behavioral-related all-cause, premature, and amenable deaths in Ontario, Canada: Canadian Community Health Survey-linked mortality files.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 25;32:49-57.e3. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ICES, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Purpose: To examine the association of all-cause and premature mortality with four modifiable lifestyle behaviors and quantify the burden of behavioral-related premature death in Ontario, Canada.

Methods: We analyzed a cohort of 149,262 adults in the 2000-2010 Canadian Community Health Surveys, linked to vital statistics data to ascertain deaths until December 31, 2015. The strength of the association between behaviors (smoking, body mass index, physical inactivity, and alcohol consumption) and all-cause and premature mortality was estimated using sex-specific Cox proportional hazards models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.009DOI Listing

Assessing the relationship between food insecurity and mortality among U.S. adults.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 5;32:43-48. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Froedtert and The Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Center for Advancing Population Science, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Electronic address:

Purpose: Significant evidence supports a relationship between food insecurity and health, but little work has investigated its relationship on all-cause mortality within a high resource country, such as the United States.

Methods: Data from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was matched to National Death Index information. Cox models were used to study the relationship between mortality and food insecurity, adjusting for relevant covariates in a sequential manner (demographics, comorbidities, lifestyle variables, body mass index). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441375PMC

Geographic correlates of primary and secondary syphilis among men who have sex with men in the United States.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 5;32:14-19.e1. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: Primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis in men who have sex with men (MSM) has been increasing; however, there is a lack of research on geographic factors associated with MSM P&S syphilis.

Methods: We used multiple data sources to examine associations between social and environmental factors and MSM P&S syphilis rates at the state- and county-level in 2014 and 2015, separately. General linear models were used for state-level analyses, and hurdle models were used for county-level models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443236PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Self-reporting discrepancies of bullying victimization and perpetration measures.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 25;32:58-63. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Kaiser Permanente School of Medicine, Pasadena, CA.

Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between sociodemographics and the prevalence of bullying victimization and perpetration using single-item and multiple-item measures.

Methods: Longitudinal survey data were obtained from 4297 children at fifth, seventh, and tenth grade in three U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.008DOI Listing

Perceived stress and incident sexually transmitted infections in a prospective cohort.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 26;32:20-27. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD.

Purpose: Psychosocial stress has been associated with susceptibility to many infectious pathogens. We evaluated the association between perceived stress and incident sexually transmitted infections (STIs; Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis genital infections) in a prospective study of women. Stress may increase vulnerability to STIs by suppressing immune function and altering the protective vaginal microbiota. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446572PMC

Association of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure during childhood on adult cardiovascular disease risk among never-smokers.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 5;32:28-34.e1. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Adult secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure is related to stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, but long-term effects are less clear. We evaluated whether childhood SHS exposure affects subsequent stroke or CHD risk among adult black and white never-smokers followed for stroke and CHD.

Methods: In this prospective cohort study, inverse probability weights were calculated to correct for bias due to attrition and survey nonresponse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441374PMC

Not so implausible: impact of longitudinal assessment of implausible anthropometric measures on obesity prevalence and weight change in children and adolescents.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 5;31:69-74.e5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

OCHIN, Portland, OR.

Purpose: Implausible anthropometric measures are typically identified using population outlier definitions, conflating implausible and extreme measures. We determined the impact of a longitudinal outlier approach on prevalence of body mass index (BMI) categories and mean change in anthropometric measures in pediatric electronic health record data.

Methods: We examined 996,131 observations from 147,375 children (10-18 years) in the ADVANCE Clinical Data Research Network, a national network of community health centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450088PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Associations of maternal gestational weight gain with the risk of offspring obesity and body mass index Z scores beyond the mean.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 25;32:64-71.e2. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia. Electronic address:

Purpose: We examined the association of meeting the 2009 Institute of Medicine gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines with offspring obesity and body mass index Z score (BMIZ) at age six overall and by maternal weight status.

Methods: Data were from the Infant Feeding Practices Survey II Study (2005-2007) and their Year Six Follow-Up Study (2012). Logistic regression and quantile regression models were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.007DOI Listing

Sexual minority health disparities: an examination of age-related trends across adulthood in a national cross-sectional sample.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 8;31:20-25. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

The Prevention Research Center, Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Purpose: Sexual minorities experience significant health disparities across a variety of mental, behavioral, and physical health indicators. Yet, an understanding of the etiology and progression of sexual minority health disparities across the lifespan is limited.

Methods: We used the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.001DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Stand and Move at Work sedentary behavior questionnaire: validity and sensitivity to change.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 11;31:62-68.e1. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Electronic address:

Purpose: We evaluated the validity and sensitivity to change of a workplace questionnaire to assess sedentary behavior (SB) during and outside work.

Methods: Participants wore an activPAL and completed an SB questionnaire at two time points (baseline and 3-month follow-up). Ecological momentary assessments were used to assess workplace location (at desk vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420389PMC

American College of Epidemiology mentoring guidelines.

Authors:
Angela D Liese

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 11;31:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Career mentoring is beneficial for mobility, growth and development at all stages of an epidemiologist's career. The American College of Epidemiology (ACE) provides a variety of opportunities to be mentored and to mentor, facilitated through the Career Mentoring Committee. ACE has now moved to a new level of engagement in mentoring, offering a more inclusive and structured one-on-one mentoring program for epidemiologists to achieve their professional goals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.004DOI Listing

Reply: "Diabetes-related factors and abdominal aortic aneurysm events: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study".

Authors:
Yasuhiko Kubota

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 11;31:77. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Osaka Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Osaka, Japan; Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.005DOI Listing

Oral contraceptive use and depression among adolescents.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 13;29:46-51. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY; Center for Research on Society and Health, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile.

Purpose: Depression is a prevalent health problem affecting U.S. women. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349422PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Association between cardiovascular health metrics and depression among U.S. adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2014.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 2;31:49-56.e2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: The American Heart Association has identified seven modifiable cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics, including four health behaviors (body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and dietary intake) and three health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose). We sought to examine the association between CVH metrics and depression.

Methods: We analyzed data on 14,561 adults aged 20 years or older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Human service work and long-term sickness absence due to mental disorders: a prospective study of gender-specific patterns in 1,466,100 employees.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 30;31:57-61.e1. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki and Tampere, Finland; School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate sickness absence due to mental disorders in human service occupations.

Methods: Participants (n = 1,466,100) were randomly selected from two consecutive national 9-year cohorts from the Statistics Finland population database; each cohort represented a 33% sample of the Finnish population aged 25-54 years. These data were linked to diagnosis-specific records on receipt of sickness allowance, drawn from a national register maintained by the Social Insurance Institution of Finland, using personal identification numbers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.006DOI Listing

Short interpregnancy intervals and adverse pregnancy outcomes by maternal age in the United States.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 11;31:38-44. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Office of Population Affairs, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD.

Purpose: The purpose of the article was to examine the association between short interpregnancy intervals and adverse outcomes by maternal age among U.S. women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.002DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Time to change the paradigm: limited condom and lubricant use among Nigerian men who have sex with men and transgender women despite availability and counseling.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 21;31:11-19.e3. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

U.S. Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD.

Purpose: This study characterized availability and uptake of condoms and condom-compatible lubricants (CCLs) at community-engaged condom education and distribution programs serving cisgender men who have sex with men and transgender women in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria.

Methods: Condoms and water-based CCLs were freely available to participants in the TRUST/RV368 cohort. Factors associated with their consistent use were assessed using Poisson regression with robust error variance to estimate relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.004DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Parental age and stillbirth: a population-based cohort of nearly 10 million California deliveries from 1991 to 2011.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 21;31:32-37.e2. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Departments of Urology and Obstetrics/Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Purpose: Parental age at delivery in the United States has been rising. Advanced maternal and paternal ages have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including stillbirth. However, these relationships come from studies that often do not present results for both mother and father concurrently. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183085
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.001DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Childhood abuse, intimate partner violence, and placental abruption among Peruvian women.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 21;31:26-31. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Purpose: Experiencing childhood abuse (CA) or intimate partner violence (IPV) has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. We examined whether CA history and current IPV are independently and jointly associated with placental abruption (PA).

Methods: We recruited 662 PA cases and 665 controls in Lima, Peru. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420388PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Estimates of adolescent and adult congenital heart defect prevalence in metropolitan Atlanta, 2010, using capture-recapture applied to administrative records.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Apr 5;32:72-77.e2. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: Although congenital heart defects (CHD) are one of the most common types of birth defects in the United States, subnational prevalence estimates beyond early childhood are limited.

Methods: We used capture-recapture methodology and logistic regression to estimate CHD prevalence per 1000 residents as of January 1, 2010, separately for adolescents and adults treated and living within five metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia counties, during 2008-2010.

Results: Data sources differed by age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.012DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Trends in mental health service use by age among adults with serious mental illness.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 29;30:71-73. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD.

Purpose: This study examines trends in mental health service use among 18- to 64-year-old adults with serious mental illness (SMI).

Methods: Data are from approximately 22,200 adults with SMI who participated in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an annual nationally representative survey of the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Poor peer relations in adolescence, social support in early adulthood, and depressive symptoms in later adulthood-evaluating mediation and interaction using four-way decomposition analysis.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 29;29:52-59. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Purpose: Supportive social relations are associated with good mental health, yet few studies have considered the prospective importance of adolescent peer relations for adult mental health and the potential mechanisms involved.

Methods: Participants (n = 941) were sourced from the Northern Swedish Cohort, a prospective study comprising school students aged 16 years in 1981. Integrating life course epidemiology with four-way decomposition analysis, this paper considers the controlled direct effect of poor peer relations at age 16 years on depressive symptoms at age 43 years, the pure indirect effect mediated by the availability of social support at age 30 years, and potential interactions between the exposure and the mediator. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.007DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Material community deprivation and hospital utilization during the first year of life: an urban population-based cohort study.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 29;30:37-43. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH; Division of Biomedical Informatics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to conduct an individual-level analysis of hospital utilization during the first year of life to test the hypothesis that community material deprivation increases health care utilization.

Methods: We used a population-based perinatal data repository based on linkage of electronic health records from regional delivery hospitals to subsequent hospital utilization at the region's only dedicated children's hospital. Zero-inflated Poisson and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to quantify the causal role of a census tract-based deprivation index on the total number, length, and time until hospital utilization during the first year of life. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370517PMC
February 2019
11 Reads

Using the emergency department to investigate smoking in young adults.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 24;30:44-49.e1. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Biostatistics Program, School of Public Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA.

Purpose: Smoking in young adults identifies the population at risk for future tobacco-related disease. We investigated smoking in a young adult population and within high-risk groups using emergency department (ED) data in a metropolitan area.

Methods: Using the electronic health record, we performed a retrospective study of smoking in adults aged 18-30 years presenting to the ED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.007DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads
2.000 Impact Factor

The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Community and Surrounding Areas Study: sample, design, and procedures.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 12;30:57-65. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA.

Purpose: We describe the sample, design, and procedures for the Community and Surrounding Areas Study (CASAS), an ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The aim of SOL CASAS was to test an ecological model of macro- and micro-neighborhood environment factors, intermediate behavioral (physical activity) and psychosocial (e.g. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183079
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415666PMC
February 2019
8 Reads
2.000 Impact Factor

Abdominal obesity, metabolic dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome in U.S. adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2016.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 23;30:30-36. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Epidemiology Program, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of Public Health, New Orleans, LA. Electronic address:

Purpose: The objectives were to use National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data to (1) estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors (elevated blood pressure, triglycerides, blood glucose, and low HDL cholesterol); (2) estimate the prevalence of MetS using three common definitions; and (3) compare the odds of MetS risk factors/MetS when using different measures of abdominal obesity (sagittal abdominal diameter [SAD] versus waist circumference [WC]) among U.S. adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459599PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Does diabetes decrease the risk of glioma? A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 26;30:22-29.e3. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: Increasing epidemiologic evidence suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) may be associated with a decreased risk of glioma. This systematic review assessed whether DM was associated with glioma risk.

Methods: Electronic searches were performed in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases up to August 30, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The contribution of neurologic disorders to the national prevalence of depression and anxiety problems among children and adolescents.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 15;29:81-84.e2. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Purpose: Depression and anxiety are growing global public health issues and affect millions of children and adolescents in the United States. Although individuals with neurologic disorders (NDs) are at increased risk of adverse mental health disorders, they represent a minority of the population. The purpose of this study was to characterize the national prevalence of depression and anxiety problems in children and adolescents by the presence of various NDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344250PMC
January 2019
1 Read

World AIDS Day 2018.

Authors:
Cory R Woodyatt

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec;28(12):829

Annals of Epidemiology.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.009DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Viral suppression among persons in HIV care in the United States during 2009-2013: sampling bias in Medical Monitoring Project surveillance estimates.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Mar 22;31:3-7. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

SUNY, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany School of Public Health, Rensselaer, NY.

Purpose: To assess sampling bias in national viral suppression (VS) estimates derived from the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) resulting from use of an abbreviated (four-month) annual sampling period. We aimed to improve VS estimates using cohort data from the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design (NA-ACCORD) and a novel cohort-adjustment method.

Methods: Using full calendar years of NA-ACCORD data, we assessed timing of HIV care attendance (inside vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420358PMC
March 2019
2 Reads
2.000 Impact Factor

Variation in incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: time series of Mexican adolescents.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 22;30:15-21. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Epidemiology Research, National Council of Sciences and Technology-National Institute of Pediatrics, Insurgentes Sur 3700C, Insurgentes Cuicuilco, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México C.P.04530, Mexico. Electronic address:

Purpose: To study temporal changes in the cumulative incidence (CI) of type 2 diabetes mellitus during early and late adolescence from 2003 to 2013.

Methods: This was an ecologic, analytical study of trends over time. Data were weekly reports of new cases (General Directorate of Epidemiology). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read