3,109 results match your criteria Annals of epidemiology[Journal]


Stand and Move at Work sedentary behavior questionnaire: validity and sensitivity to change.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Electronic address:

Purpose: We evaluated the validity and sensitivity to change of a workplace questionnaire to assess sedentary behavior (SB) during and outside work.

Methods: Participants wore an activPAL and completed an SB questionnaire at two time points (baseline and 3-month follow-up). Ecological momentary assessments were used to assess workplace location (at desk vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

American College of Epidemiology mentoring guidelines.

Authors:
Angela D Liese

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Career mentoring is beneficial for mobility, growth and development at all stages of an epidemiologist's career. The American College of Epidemiology (ACE) provides a variety of opportunities to be mentored and to mentor, facilitated through the Career Mentoring Committee. ACE has now moved to a new level of engagement in mentoring, offering a more inclusive and structured one-on-one mentoring program for epidemiologists to achieve their professional goals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Reply: "Diabetes-related factors and abdominal aortic aneurysm events: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study".

Authors:
Yasuhiko Kubota

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Osaka Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Osaka, Japan; Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019

Oral contraceptive use and depression among adolescents.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 13;29:46-51. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY; Center for Research on Society and Health, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile.

Purpose: Depression is a prevalent health problem affecting U.S. women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349422PMC
January 2019

Association between cardiovascular health metrics and depression among U.S. adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2014.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: The American Heart Association has identified seven modifiable cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics, including four health behaviors (body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and dietary intake) and three health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose). We sought to examine the association between CVH metrics and depression.

Methods: We analyzed data on 14,561 adults aged 20 years or older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Human service work and long-term sickness absence due to mental disorders: a prospective study of gender-specific patterns in 1,466,100 employees.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 30. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki and Tampere, Finland; School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate sickness absence due to mental disorders in human service occupations.

Methods: Participants (n = 1,466,100) were randomly selected from two consecutive national 9-year cohorts from the Statistics Finland population database; each cohort represented a 33% sample of the Finnish population aged 25-54 years. These data were linked to diagnosis-specific records on receipt of sickness allowance, drawn from a national register maintained by the Social Insurance Institution of Finland, using personal identification numbers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.006DOI Listing
December 2018

Short interpregnancy intervals and adverse pregnancy outcomes by maternal age in the United States.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Office of Population Affairs, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD.

Purpose: The purpose of the article was to examine the association between short interpregnancy intervals and adverse outcomes by maternal age among U.S. women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.002DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Time to change the paradigm: limited condom and lubricant use among Nigerian men who have sex with men and transgender women despite availability and counseling.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

U.S. Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD.

Purpose: This study characterized availability and uptake of condoms and condom-compatible lubricants (CCLs) at community-engaged condom education and distribution programs serving cisgender men who have sex with men and transgender women in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria.

Methods: Condoms and water-based CCLs were freely available to participants in the TRUST/RV368 cohort. Factors associated with their consistent use were assessed using Poisson regression with robust error variance to estimate relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Parental age and stillbirth: a population-based cohort of nearly 10 million California deliveries from 1991 to 2011.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Departments of Urology and Obstetrics/Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Purpose: Parental age at delivery in the United States has been rising. Advanced maternal and paternal ages have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes including stillbirth. However, these relationships come from studies that often do not present results for both mother and father concurrently. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183085
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Childhood abuse, intimate partner violence, and placental abruption among Peruvian women.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Purpose: Experiencing childhood abuse (CA) or intimate partner violence (IPV) has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. We examined whether CA history and current IPV are independently and jointly associated with placental abruption (PA).

Methods: We recruited 662 PA cases and 665 controls in Lima, Peru. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Estimates of adolescent and adult congenital heart defect prevalence in metropolitan Atlanta, 2010, using capture-recapture applied to administrative records.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: Although congenital heart defects (CHD) are one of the most common types of birth defects in the United States, subnational prevalence estimates beyond early childhood are limited.

Methods: We used capture-recapture methodology and logistic regression to estimate CHD prevalence per 1000 residents as of January 1, 2010, separately for adolescents and adults treated and living within five metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia counties, during 2008-2010.

Results: Data sources differed by age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.012DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Trends in mental health service use by age among adults with serious mental illness.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 29;30:71-73. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD.

Purpose: This study examines trends in mental health service use among 18- to 64-year-old adults with serious mental illness (SMI).

Methods: Data are from approximately 22,200 adults with SMI who participated in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an annual nationally representative survey of the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Poor peer relations in adolescence, social support in early adulthood, and depressive symptoms in later adulthood-evaluating mediation and interaction using four-way decomposition analysis.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 29;29:52-59. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Purpose: Supportive social relations are associated with good mental health, yet few studies have considered the prospective importance of adolescent peer relations for adult mental health and the potential mechanisms involved.

Methods: Participants (n = 941) were sourced from the Northern Swedish Cohort, a prospective study comprising school students aged 16 years in 1981. Integrating life course epidemiology with four-way decomposition analysis, this paper considers the controlled direct effect of poor peer relations at age 16 years on depressive symptoms at age 43 years, the pure indirect effect mediated by the availability of social support at age 30 years, and potential interactions between the exposure and the mediator. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.007DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Material community deprivation and hospital utilization during the first year of life: an urban population-based cohort study.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 29;30:37-43. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH; Division of Biomedical Informatics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to conduct an individual-level analysis of hospital utilization during the first year of life to test the hypothesis that community material deprivation increases health care utilization.

Methods: We used a population-based perinatal data repository based on linkage of electronic health records from regional delivery hospitals to subsequent hospital utilization at the region's only dedicated children's hospital. Zero-inflated Poisson and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to quantify the causal role of a census tract-based deprivation index on the total number, length, and time until hospital utilization during the first year of life. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370517PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Using the emergency department to investigate smoking in young adults.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 24;30:44-49.e1. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Biostatistics Program, School of Public Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA.

Purpose: Smoking in young adults identifies the population at risk for future tobacco-related disease. We investigated smoking in a young adult population and within high-risk groups using emergency department (ED) data in a metropolitan area.

Methods: Using the electronic health record, we performed a retrospective study of smoking in adults aged 18-30 years presenting to the ED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.007DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads
2.000 Impact Factor

The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Community and Surrounding Areas Study: sample, design, and procedures.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 12;30:57-65. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA.

Purpose: We describe the sample, design, and procedures for the Community and Surrounding Areas Study (CASAS), an ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The aim of SOL CASAS was to test an ecological model of macro- and micro-neighborhood environment factors, intermediate behavioral (physical activity) and psychosocial (e.g. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183079
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.002DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads
2.000 Impact Factor

Abdominal obesity, metabolic dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome in U.S. adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2016.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 23;30:30-36. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Epidemiology Program, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of Public Health, New Orleans, LA. Electronic address:

Purpose: The objectives were to use National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data to (1) estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors (elevated blood pressure, triglycerides, blood glucose, and low HDL cholesterol); (2) estimate the prevalence of MetS using three common definitions; and (3) compare the odds of MetS risk factors/MetS when using different measures of abdominal obesity (sagittal abdominal diameter [SAD] versus waist circumference [WC]) among U.S. adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Does diabetes decrease the risk of glioma? A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 26;30:22-29.e3. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: Increasing epidemiologic evidence suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) may be associated with a decreased risk of glioma. This systematic review assessed whether DM was associated with glioma risk.

Methods: Electronic searches were performed in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases up to August 30, 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The contribution of neurologic disorders to the national prevalence of depression and anxiety problems among children and adolescents.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 15;29:81-84.e2. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Purpose: Depression and anxiety are growing global public health issues and affect millions of children and adolescents in the United States. Although individuals with neurologic disorders (NDs) are at increased risk of adverse mental health disorders, they represent a minority of the population. The purpose of this study was to characterize the national prevalence of depression and anxiety problems in children and adolescents by the presence of various NDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344250PMC
January 2019
1 Read

World AIDS Day 2018.

Authors:
Cory R Woodyatt

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec;28(12):829

Annals of Epidemiology.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.009DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Viral suppression among persons in HIV care in the United States during 2009-2013: sampling bias in Medical Monitoring Project surveillance estimates.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

SUNY, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany School of Public Health, Rensselaer, NY.

Purpose: To assess sampling bias in national viral suppression (VS) estimates derived from the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) resulting from use of an abbreviated (four-month) annual sampling period. We aimed to improve VS estimates using cohort data from the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design (NA-ACCORD) and a novel cohort-adjustment method.

Methods: Using full calendar years of NA-ACCORD data, we assessed timing of HIV care attendance (inside vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.005DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read
2.000 Impact Factor

Variation in incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: time series of Mexican adolescents.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 22;30:15-21. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Epidemiology Research, National Council of Sciences and Technology-National Institute of Pediatrics, Insurgentes Sur 3700C, Insurgentes Cuicuilco, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México C.P.04530, Mexico. Electronic address:

Purpose: To study temporal changes in the cumulative incidence (CI) of type 2 diabetes mellitus during early and late adolescence from 2003 to 2013.

Methods: This was an ecologic, analytical study of trends over time. Data were weekly reports of new cases (General Directorate of Epidemiology). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Kombucha: a systematic review of the empirical evidence of human health benefit.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 10;30:66-70. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

St. Louis, MO.

Purpose: Kombucha tea, a fermented beverage, has recently become popular in the United States as part of the functional food movement. This popularity is likely driven by its touted health benefits, coupled with the recent scientific movement investigating the role of the microbiome on human health. The purpose of this systematic review is to describe the literature related to empirical health benefits of kombucha as identified from human subjects research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Diet-related inflammation and risk of prostate cancer in the California Men's Health Study.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 2;29:30-38. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between proinflammatory diet and prostate cancer risk.

Methods: Energy-adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index (E-DII) scores were computed among 40,161 participants in the California Men's Health Study. Over 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.008DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of chronic wounds in the general population: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 12;29:8-15. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Centre for Population Health Sciences (CePHaS), Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.

Purpose: Chronic wounds are a major public health challenge, but little is known about the true burden with studies reporting different estimates because of disparities in study designs and measurement methods. This hampers efficient resource allocation, planning, and improvement of wound care.

Methods: Our study aimed to pool prevalence estimates from a global perspective by systematically carrying out searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL, Global Health, and PsycINFO databases for articles reporting the prevalence of chronic wounds in adults, from January 2000 to June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Regarding "Diabetes-Related Factors and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Events: The Atherosclerotic Risk in Communities Study".

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Université Côte d'Azur, CHU, Inserm U1065, C3M, Nice, France; Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital of Nice, Nice, France.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183090
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.004DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Association of early social environment with the onset of pediatric Kawasaki disease.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 7;29:74-80. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Society and Behavioral Science, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of early social environment with Kawasaki disease (KD).

Methods: We analyzed the data of children aged up to 10 years derived from the 21st Century Longitudinal Survey in Newborns (n = 41,872) in Japan. Parental education, total household income, and family size were obtained via a questionnaire at 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.010DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Adiposity, history of diabetes, and risk of pancreatic cancer in postmenopausal women.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 22;29:23-29.e1. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of type II diabetes and anthropometric variables with risk of pancreatic cancer among postmenopausal women.

Methods: Weight, height, waist circumference, and hip circumference were measured by trained personnel, whereas history of diabetes and weight earlier in life were self-reported. Pancreatic cancer was ascertained via central review of medical records by physician adjudicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.09.005DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Trimester-specific association between antibiotics exposure during pregnancy and childhood asthma or wheeze: the role of confounding.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 2;30:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China; Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Major Autoimmune Diseases, Hefei, Anhui, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: We conducted the meta-analysis to respectively evaluate the risk of prenatal antibiotics use during specific trimesters (first, second, and third trimester) on childhood asthma or wheeze and to explore whether the association was biased by potential confounding.

Methods: The quality of included articles was assessed according to Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale and the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology. A random effects model was used to calculate pooled risk ratios and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI), and publication bias was tested by Egger statistical test. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.003DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Cell phone use and risk of thyroid cancer: a population-based case-control study in Connecticut.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 29;29:39-45. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the association between cell phone use and thyroid cancer.

Methods: A population-based case-control study was conducted in Connecticut between 2010 and 2011 including 462 histologically confirmed thyroid cancer cases and 498 population-based controls. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for associations between cell phone use and thyroid cancer. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183028
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344271PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Associations between county-level voter turnout, county-level felony voter disenfranchisement, and sexually transmitted infections among women in the Southern United States.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 29;29:67-73.e1. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA and Department of Health Sciences, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA; Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.

Purpose: Voting may play a critical role in the allocation of social and structural resources to communities, which in turn shapes neighborhood environments, and ultimately, an individual's sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk. We assessed relationships among county-level voter turnout and felony voter disenfranchisement, and STIs.

Methods: This cross-sectional multilevel analysis included 666 women in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, and North Carolina enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study between 2013 and 2015. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.10.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344302PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

Location location location: an exploration of disparities in access to publicly listed pre-exposure prophylaxis clinics in the United States.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 26;28(12):858-864. Epub 2018 May 26.

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in preventing HIV transmission. Finding a PrEP provider, however, can be a barrier to accessing care. This study explores the distribution of publicly listed PrEP-providing clinics in the United States. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797173104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261794PMC
December 2018
5 Reads
2.000 Impact Factor

Socioeconomic disparity in mortality risks widened across generations during rapid economic development in Hong Kong: an age-period-cohort analysis from 1976 to 2010.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 14;28(11):743-752.e4. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.

Purpose: Hong Kong has been one of the fastest growing postwar economies with substantial decline in mortality risks during the past decades. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether there is a socioeconomic disparity in the trends of mortality risks across generations.

Methods: We conducted a series of sex-specific age-period-cohort analyses by neighborhood-level socioeconomic status (SES) using mortality data from 1976 to 2010 to examine the socioeconomic disparity of cohort effects. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.06.004DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Trends in human immunodeficiency virus diagnoses among men who have sex with men in North America, Western Europe, and Australia, 2000-2014.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 9;28(12):874-880. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: The aim of the article was to investigate recent trends in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis rates among men who have sex with men (MSM) in high-income countries in North America, Western Europe, and Australia.

Methods: Data on annual rates of HIV diagnoses among MSM aged 15 to 65 years from 2000 to 2014 were collected from 13 high-income countries. Joinpoint regression software was used to empirically determine country-specific trend periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.09.006DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads
2.000 Impact Factor

How do we assess a racial disparity in health? Distribution, interaction, and interpretation in epidemiological studies.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 29;29:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Electronic address:

Identifying the exposures or interventions that exacerbate or ameliorate racial health disparities is one of the fundamental goals of social epidemiology. Introducing an interaction term between race and an exposure into a statistical model is commonly used in the epidemiologic literature to assess racial health disparities and the potential viability of a targeted health intervention. However, researchers may attribute too much authority to the interaction term and inadvertently ignore other salient information regarding the health disparity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.09.007DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Epidemiologic analyses with error-prone exposures: review of current practice and recommendations.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 18;28(11):821-828. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Information Management Services, Inc, Rockville, MD; Biostatistics Unit, Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Purpose: Variables in observational studies are commonly subject to measurement error, but the impact of such errors is frequently ignored. As part of the STRengthening Analytical Thinking for Observational Studies Initiative, a task group on measurement error and misclassification seeks to describe the current practice for acknowledging and addressing measurement error.

Methods: Task group on measurement error and misclassification conducted a literature survey of four types of research studies that are typically impacted by exposure measurement error: (1) dietary intake cohort studies, (2) dietary intake population surveys, (3) physical activity cohort studies, and (4) air pollution cohort studies. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.09.001DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Do the health benefits of education vary by sociodemographic subgroup? Differential returns to education and implications for health inequities.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 6;28(11):759-766.e5. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Public Health, School of Social Sciences, Humanities and Arts, University of California, Merced.

Purpose: Evidence suggests education is an important life course determinant of health, but few studies examine differential returns to education by sociodemographic subgroup.

Methods: Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (n = 6158) cohort data, we evaluate education attained by age 25 years and physical health (PCS) and mental health component summary scores (MCS) at age 50 years. Race / ethnicity, sex, geography, immigration status, and childhood socioeconomic status (cSES) were evaluated as effect modifiers in birth year adjusted linear regression models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.08.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215723PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Adherence to lifestyle-related cancer prevention guidelines and breast cancer incidence and mortality.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 18;28(11):767-773.e1. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.; GW Cancer Center, Washington, D.C.

Purpose: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Many lifestyle factors have been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer incidence and mortality. An index-based approach to analyzing adherence to American Cancer Society (ACS) guidelines as a whole may better explain associations between lifestyle variables and breast cancer incidence and mortality. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Indirect adjustment of relative risks of an exposure with multiple categories for an unmeasured confounder.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 19;28(11):801-807. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD.

Purpose: With observational epidemiologic studies, there is often concern that an unmeasured variable might confound an observed association. Investigators can assess the impact from such unmeasured variables on an observed relative risk (RR) by utilizing externally sourced information and applying an indirect adjustment procedure, for example, the "Axelson adjustment." Although simple and easy to use, this approach applies to exposure and confounder variables that are binary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.09.003DOI Listing
November 2018
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Methods of gestational age assessment influence the observed association between antiretroviral therapy exposure, preterm delivery, and small-for-gestational age infants: a prospective study in Cape Town, South Africa.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 29;28(12):893-900. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Division of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Research, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Purpose: Heterogeneous findings exist on antiretroviral therapy (ART) use in pregnancy and preterm delivery (PTD) or infants born small-for-gestational age (SGA). Whether reported differences may be explained by methods used to ascertain gestational age (GA) has not been explored.

Methods: We enrolled consecutive pregnant women attending a large primary care antenatal clinic in South Africa. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.08.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286247PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Bully victimization and child and adolescent health: new evidence from the 2016 NSCH.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 17;29:60-66. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, Kansas State University, Manhattan, USA.

Purpose: To explore whether children with diagnosable health conditions are at greater risk of bully victimization and whether, among these children, bully victimization further elevates the risk of an array of health difficulties.

Methods: We examined a recent, nationally representative sample of children and adolescents aged 6-17 years who participated in the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. Survey data pertaining to the children and adolescents covering bully victimization, health difficulties, and diagnosable health conditions were obtained from primary caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.09.004DOI Listing
January 2019
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Dietary patterns based on the Mediterranean diet and DASH diet are inversely associated with high aggressive prostate cancer in PCaP.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Jan 5;29:16-22.e1. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Electronic address:

Background: Several foods and nutrients have been linked to the development of prostate cancer, but the association between healthy dietary patterns and prostate cancer aggressiveness is less studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the Mediterranean diet (MED) and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet scores and prostate cancer aggressiveness by race.

Methods: Data from the population-based, case-only North Carolina-Louisiana Prostate Cancer Project (PCaP) were used to examine the association between diet quality, measured by MED and DASH scores, and prostate cancer aggressiveness in 1899 African American (AA) and European American (EA) research subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.08.012DOI Listing
January 2019
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Interleukin-10 as a predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events in a racially and ethnically diverse population: Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 Feb 5;30:9-14.e1. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, University of California, Los Angeles, 10945 Le Conte Ave, Ste 2339, Los Angeles, CA 90095.

Purpose: To understand if baseline levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) are associated with either subclinical atherosclerosis or risk for adverse cardiovascular (CV) events.

Methods: The study included 930 adults from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) ancillary Stress Study. Participants, age 48-90 years at enrollment, were followed for an average of 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.08.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370508PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

State-level diabetes-attributable mortality and years of life lost in the United States.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 7;28(11):790-795. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Purpose: To estimate state-level diabetes-attributable deaths and years of life lost (YLL) in the Unites States.

Methods: We estimated diabetes-attributable all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths by age, sex, and state, using the attributable fraction approach. Data on diabetes prevalence were collected from Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.08.015DOI Listing
November 2018
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Coffee and wine consumption is associated with reduced mortality from alcoholic liver disease: follow-up of 219,279 Norwegian men and women aged 30-67 years.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 28;28(11):753-758. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Chronic Diseases, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine Gothenburg University, Oslo, Sweden.

Purpose: To study the association between coffee and alcoholic beverage consumption and alcoholic liver disease mortality.

Methods: In total, 219,279 men and women aged 30-67 years attended cardiovascular screening in Norway from 1994 to 2003. Linkage to the Cause of Death Registry identified 93 deaths from alcoholic liver disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.08.010DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Application of machine-learning to predict early spontaneous preterm birth among nulliparous non-Hispanic black and white women.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Nov 24;28(11):783-789.e1. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

March of Dimes Prematurity Center, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Purpose: Spontaneous preterm birth is a leading cause of perinatal mortality in the United States, occurring disproportionately among non-Hispanic black women compared to other race-ethnicities. Clinicians lack tools to identify first-time mothers at risk for spontaneous preterm birth. This study assessed prediction of early (<32 weeks) spontaneous preterm birth among non-Hispanic black and white women by applying state-of-the-art machine-learning to multilevel data from a large birth cohort. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10472797183049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.08.008DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Progress and pitfalls in measuring HIV preexposure prophylaxis coverage in the United States.

Ann Epidemiol 2018 Dec 24;28(12):830-832. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.08.005DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read