1,324 results match your criteria Annals of cardiac anaesthesia[Journal]


Discovering substitutes to the conventional lead positions of three-lead electrocardiogram monitoring.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):236-238

Department of Radiation Oncology and State Cancer Institute, Sher I Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_89_18DOI Listing

Effect of chloride liberal fluids on renal and metabolic profiles of patients undergoing off-pump CABGs.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):235-236

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, JIPMER, Puducherry, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_223_18DOI Listing

In response to: Non opioid analgesics for managing postoperative pain after cardiothoracic surgeries.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):234

School of Nursing and Health Care Professions, Federation University Australia, Berwick, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_16_19DOI Listing

Nonopioid Analgesics for Managing Postoperative Pain after Cardiothoracic Surgeries.

Authors:
Abhijit S Nair

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):233

Department of Anesthesiology, Basavatarakam Indo-American Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_208_18DOI Listing

Unusual case of intraoperative acute cor pulmonale during spine surgery.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):229-232

Department of Cardiology, DMCH, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Perioperative complications of prolonged surgery and prone positioning are well known. Changing the position from prone to supine in an anesthetized patient can result in aspiration and airway obstruction. The drop-in oxygen saturation and hemodynamic changes are warning signs and can cause acute cardiac decompensation leading to diagnostic dilemma. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/2/229/255642
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_128_18DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Aortic rupture during endovascular repair of a postoperative coarctation pseudoaneurysm in an adult: Emergency lifesaving stent graft implantation.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):225-228

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Evangelismos General Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece.

We present a case with aortic rupture during an operation of thoracic endovascular aortic repair of an anastomotic pseudoaneurysm. This happened after the use of a low-pressure remodeling balloon inside the covered part of the deployed endografts. It was successfully treated with a second more centrally in the aortic arch-implanted endograft with full coverage of the left subclavian artery orifice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_36_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Sternal osteomyelitis by in an immunocompetent patient after open heart surgery.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):221-224

Department of Internal Medicine, Maimonides Medical Center, New York City, USA.

Gordonia is a catalase-positive, aerobic, nocardioform, Gram-positive staining actinomycete that also shows weak acid-fast staining. Several Gordonia species are commonly found in the soil. The bacterium has been isolated from the saliva of domesticated/wild dogs as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_125_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Perioperative management of a patient with double orifice mitral valve with supramitral ring with subaortic membrane with ventricular septal defect and severe pulmonary hypertension: Report of a rare case.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):215-220

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care and Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery and Cardiology, GB Pant Hospital (GIPMER) and Jaypee Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Double-orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is an unusual congenital anomaly characterized by a mitral valve with a single fibrous annulus with two orifices or rarely two orifices with two separate mitral annuli opening into the left ventricle. We present a first report of a patient with a DOMV with supramitral ring (SMR), subaortic membrane (SAM), a large ventricular septal defect (VSD) with more than 50% aortic override, and severe pulmonary arterial hypertrophy (PAH). This patient underwent excision of the SAM, and SMR, with closure of the VSD together under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_123_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Intraoperative sudden cardiac death in pediatric patients - Calamity yet to overcome?

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):213-214

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, MGM Medical College and MCRI, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_90_18DOI Listing

Cardiac arrest after induction of anesthesia in a 2-month-old infant with undiagnosed Williams syndrome.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):210-212

Department of Surgery, Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5200, USA.

A 2-month-old male infant presented for elective repair of inguinal hernias. His preoperative medical history and physical examination were unremarkable. During induction of anesthesia, the infant sustained an adverse cardiac event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_38_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Postoperative hyperbilirubinemia and Gilbert's syndrome in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):207-209

Department of Surgery, University of Santiago de Compostela; Service of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

We report a series of seven patients with Gilbert's syndrome undergoing cardiac surgery. Early and transient increase of total, direct, and indirect bilirubin without other complications was observed. Although this is a benign process, we believe that this disease should be routinely included in the differential diagnosis of postoperative jaundice after cardiopulmonary bypass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_48_18DOI Listing

Acute renal failure due to bilateral renal vein thromboses: A rare complication of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):204-206

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II is a rare but devastating complication of heparin exposure. We review a case of a 66-year-old female who underwent aortic valve surgery requiring venoarterial extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO) support postoperatively. She subsequently developed acute renal failure due to bilateral renal vein thromboses and thrombocytopenia and was found to have platelet factor 4/heparin antibodies and was diagnosed with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_114_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The utilization spectrum of cardiac output monitoring devices among anesthesiology programs across Veterans Health Administration in the United States.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):199-203

Department of Anesthesiology, SUNY-Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Background: Electronic monitoring of physiologic variables has gained widespread support over the past decade for critical patients in the intensive care setting. Specifically, anesthesiologists have increased the emphasis and practice of hemodynamic control through monitoring cardiac output (CO). However, these physicians are presented with several options in terms of how they wish to study the trend of this physiologic parameter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_107_18DOI Listing

Comparison of grading of aortic stenosis between transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography in adult patients undergoing elective aortic valve replacement surgeries: A prospective observational study.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):194-198

Department of Cardiac Anesthesia, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Intraoperative trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been found to underestimate severity of aortic stenosis (AS) compared to trans-thoracic echo (TTE). We conducted a prospective study comparing pre induction TTE and intra operative TEE grading of AS in patients posted for aortic valve replacement surgeries.

Methods: Sixty patients with isolated AS who were undergoing aortic valve replacement were enrolled in our study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_4_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Female Gender is not a Risk Factor for Early Mortality after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):187-193

Divisions of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Amrita Viswa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University), Kochi, Kerala, India.

Background: The female gender is considered as a risk factor for morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Aim: In this analysis, we assessed the impact of female gender on early outcome after CABG.

Study Design: This is a retrospective analysis of data from our center situated in South India. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/2/187/255650
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_27_18DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

A comparative study of safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided infra-clavicular axillary vein cannulation versus ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein cannulation in adult cardiac surgical patients.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):177-186

Department of Anaesthesiology, Fortis Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Ultrasound (US)-guided internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation is a widely accepted standard procedure. The axillary vein (AV) in comparison to the subclavian vein is easily visualized, but its cannulation is not extensively studied in cardiac patients.

Aims: This study is an attempt to study the efficacy of real-time US-guided axillary venous cannulation as a safe alternative for the time-tested US-guided IJV cannulation. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/2/177/255648
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_24_18DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Perioperative anesthesia management for pulmonary endarterectomy: Adopting an established European Protocol for the Asian Population.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):169-176

Department of Anesthesiology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Background: Anesthesia for pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) has always been one of the challenges of anesthesia. As one of the leading cardiothoracic institutions in Southeast Asia, our hospital has vast interest in this subject. A local multidisciplinary team was deployed to an expert center in the United Kingdom (UK), and the experience was then integrated to the care of our patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_63_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Hyperkalemia in ambulant postcardiac surgery patients during combined therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, spironolactone, and diet rich in potassium: A report of two cases and review of literature.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):162-168

Department of Anaesthesiology, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Introduction: Potassium is the most abundant cation in intracellular compartment. A deficiency or excess of its serum concentration can be deleterious to the one suffering from a cardiac ailment. Post cardiac surgery patients are often on multiple drugs like angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), diuretics including potassium sparing diuretics which are known to predispose for hyperkalemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_65_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The effect of cerebral oximeter use on the shunt placement concerning carotid endarterectomy surgery.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):158-161

Department of Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical Faculty, Eskisehir, Turkey.

Background: During carotid arterial endarterectomy (CAE) surgery, an intraluminal shunt is used to prevent hypoperfusion, which can be caused by a cross-clamping cerebral ischemia. However, routine shunt use is not recommended. Various cerebral monitoring techniques are used to determine the need for shunt placement. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/2/158/255656
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_57_18DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The effect of perioperative magnesium sulfate on blood sugar in patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing cardiac surgery: A double-blinded randomized study.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):151-157

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Cardiac Center, Aldar Hospital, Almadinah Almonwarah, Saudi Arabia; National Heart Institute, Giza, Egypt.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the perioperative effect of magnesium infusion on blood sugar level in patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing cardiac surgery.

Design: This was a double-blind randomized study.

Setting: The study was conducted at cardiac center. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/2/151/255651
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_32_18DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads

In search of a better measuring scale of consciousness.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):149-150

Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_193_18DOI Listing

Comparison of full outline of unresponsiveness score and Glasgow Coma Scale in Medical Intensive Care Unit.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):143-148

School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

Context: The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is the most commonly used scale, and Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) score is new validated coma scale as an alternative to GCS in the evaluation of the level of consciousness.

Aim: The aim of the current study was to evaluate FOUR score and GCS ability in predicting the outcomes (Survivors, nonsurvivors) in Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU).

Setting And Design: This was an observational and prospective study of 300 consecutive patients admitted to the MICU during a 14 months' period. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/2/143/255649
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_25_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Terlipressin versus norepinephrine to prevent milrinone-induced systemic vascular hypotension in cardiac surgery patient with pulmonary hypertension.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):136-142

Department of Anesthesia, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: Milrinone at inotropic doses requires the addition of a vasoconstrictive drug. We hypothesized that terlipressin use could selectively recover the systemic vascular hypotension induced by milrinone without increasing the pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) as norepinephrine in cardiac surgery patients.

Patients And Methods: Patients with pulmonary hypertension were enrolled in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_83_18DOI Listing

A complete review of preclinical and clinical uses of the noble gas argon: Evidence of safety and protection.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):122-135

Department of Cardiovascular Research, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

The noble gas argon (Ar) is a "biologically" active element and has been extensively studied preclinically for its organ protection properties. This work reviews all preclinical studies employing Ar and describes the clinical uses reported in literature, analyzing 55 pertinent articles found by means of a search on PubMed and Embase. Ventilation with Ar has been tested in different models of acute disease at concentrations ranging from 20% to 80% and for durations between a few minutes up to days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_111_18DOI Listing

Propofol for sedation for direct current cardioversion.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):113-121

Evandro Chagas National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Direct current cardioversion is a low-risk and standard procedure to restore normal sinus rhythm in patients with tachyarrhythmias. It requires sedation to facilitate the procedure, as it is painful and distressful. The preferred anesthetic drug must be short acting, producing conscious sedation, to enable rapid recovery after the procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_72_18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Argon: The Future Organ Protectant?

Authors:
Suresh G Nair

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):111-112

Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Aster Medcity, Kochi, Kerala, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_180_18DOI Listing

Watchful waiting in an unusual cause of hypoxemia after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead extraction.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):109-110

Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, Cardiac Surgery Unit, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_95_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350437PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Clinical usage of high-flow oxygenation in postcardiac surgery patients.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):107-108

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Talghani Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_7_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350429PMC
January 2019
1 Read

ANSiscope™: Can it be the crystal ball of cardiac anesthesia?

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):101-106

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: : Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is infrequently evaluated preoperatively despite having profound perioperative implications. The ANSiscope™ is a monitoring device that quantifies AD. This study aims to determine the potential of the device to predict hypotension following anesthetic induction, occurrence of arrhythmias, and inotrope requirement for patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB). Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/101/250202
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_9_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350435PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Quadricuspid aortic valve associated with aortic insufficiency contributors.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):99-100

Mount Sinai Medical Center, Florida, USA.

A 51-year-old male presented with a wound in his right hand that was suspicious for possible septic emboli of cardiac origin. With transesophageal echocardiography, the patient was found to have a rare quadricuspid aortic valve. This quadricuspid valve can present with variable symptoms and physical exam findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_151_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350443PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Massive subcutaneous emphysema after off-pump coronary bypass surgery.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):97-98

Department of Cardiac Surgery and Anaesthesiology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Subcutaneous emphysema is a condition when air gets accumulated into the tissues under the skin and in the soft tissues of the chest wall or neck but can also spread to other parts of the body. It generally causes minimal symptoms and nonlethal; sometimes, it may be severe and life-threatening if deeper tissues of the thoracic outlet and chest are involved. It is essential to know the mechanisms of subcutaneous emphysema after cardiac surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_135_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350427PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Endovascular approach in chronic aortoiliac disease in patient undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):96-97

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, General Hospital "G. Papanikolaou," Thessaloniki, Greece.

Internal thoracic artery (ITA) is an excellent conduit for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). We present a patient with known preoperative aortoiliac disease with anterior collateral pathway who had an indication for elective coronary bypass. The use of ITA in these patients may cause lower limb ischemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_60_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350421PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Perioperative management of intramyocardial hydatid cyst with off-pump technique.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):92-95

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, LPS Institute of Cardiology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Cardiac echinococcosis is a rare disease. Depending on the location of hydatid cyst in the heart, clinical presentation can be an asymptomatic case or lethal stroke, arrhythmias, valvular dysfunction, cardiac tamponade, cardiac failure, shock, and even death. Treatment of choice for cardiac hydatid cysts is surgical excision, even in an asymptomatic patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_46_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350434PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

The dilemma of the "ischemic-looking" electrocardiogram: Pulmonary embolism or acute coronary syndrome?

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):89-91

Department of Radiology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Pulmonary embolism (PE) may be potentially fatal if not diagnosed and treated in time. Although specific electrocardiogram (ECG) findings often suggest the diagnosis of PE, occasionally, the ECG may mimic that of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We report an interesting case of a 45-year-old female presenting with sudden onset chest pain and shortness of breath with widespread ST depression in anterior precordial leads. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/89/250195
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_40_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350422PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Off-pump coronary bypass grafting in a post-pneumonectomy patient: Challenges and management.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):86-88

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Pulmonary complications are common in cardiac surgical patients. Limited respiratory reserves along with the pain associated with sternotomy add to the morbidity. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery who have had a pneumonectomy done before can be even more challenging to manage perioperatively due to a single-functioning lung. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/86/250194
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_37_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350433PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Unrecognized double aortic arch in a preterm infant: Diagnostic challenges and perioperative management.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):83-85

Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Vascular rings are relatively rare, and are frequently overlooked as a potential cause of neonatal respiratory distress in non specialized centres. This might lead to delay in diagnosis during which the child is subjected to repeated respiratory insults. Procrastination in prompt diagnosis and management can lead to significant comorbidities or even death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_3_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350440PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Bioprosthetic valve thrombosis in carcinoid heart disease.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):79-82

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Tricuspid regurgitation in carcinoid syndrome leads to significant morbidity and mortality that may warrant a tricuspid valve replacement. However, for patients with high serotonin levels and known hypercoagulable risks, the optimum timing for surgery and postoperative anticoagulation approaches remain unclear. High serotonin-triggered hypercoagulability makes prosthetic valves susceptible to thrombosis. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/79/250188
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_2_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350430PMC
January 2019
12 Reads

Evaluation of risk scores in predicting perioperative blood transfusions in adult cardiac surgery.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):73-78

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Objective: Allogeneic blood product transfusions are associated with an increased morbidity and mortality risk in cardiac surgery. At present, a few transfusion risk scores have been proposed for cardiac surgery patients. The present study is aimed to develop a new score and to compare with preexisting scores - Transfusion Risk and Clinical Knowledge (TRACK) and Transfusion Risk Understanding Scoring Tool (TRUST) score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_18_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350431PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Descriptive statistics and normality tests for statistical data.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):67-72

Department of Neuro-Otology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Descriptive statistics are an important part of biomedical research which is used to describe the basic features of the data in the study. They provide simple summaries about the sample and the measures. Measures of the central tendency and dispersion are used to describe the quantitative data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_157_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350423PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A survey of practices during cardiopulmonary bypass in India: An Indian association of cardiovascular and thoracic anesthesiologist endeavor.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):56-66

Department of Anesthesia, Pain Medicine and Critical Care Services, Aster Medcity, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Context: Cardiac anesthesiologists play a key role during the conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). There are variations in the practice of CPB among extracorporeal technologists in India. Aims: The aim of this survey is to gather information on variations during the conduct of CPB in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_67_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350424PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Practice patterns of left-sided double-lumen tube: Does it match recommendation from literature - A single-centre observational pilot study.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):51-55

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Context: Choosing appropriate-size double-lumen tube (DLT) has always been a challenge as it depends on existing guidelines based on gender, height, tracheal diameter (TD), or personal experience. However, there are no Indian data to match these recommendations.

Aim: To find out whether the size of DLT used correlates with height, weight, TD, or left main stem bronchus diameter (LMBD). Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/51/250179
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_11_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350436PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

"Vitamin D" as a profile marker for cardiovascular diseases.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):47-50

Department of Pediatrics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Objective: A growing body of research indicates that there exists a correlation between Vit D deficiency and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In addition to being genetically determined, it is strongly influenced by lifestyle factors. In this study, Vit D and its interrelated factors have been studied as profile marker for identifying the risk of CVD in patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_66_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350432PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Assessment of ventricular function in patients of atrial septal defect by strain imaging before and after correction.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):41-46

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Institute of Post Graduation Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, India.

Background: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common congenital heart disease associated with volume overload of Right ventricle (RV) with variable effect on Left ventricle (LV). Two-dimensional (2D) Strain analysis is a new tool for objective analysis of myocardial function. This prospective study evaluated the systolic function of right and left ventricle by conventional 2D echo and strain echo and measured changes in cardiac hemodynamics that occurred in patients of ASD before and after correction. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/41/250183
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_153_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350442PMC
January 2019
19 Reads

Comparison of hemodynamic response and postoperative pain score between general anaesthesia with intravenous analgesia versus general anesthesia with caudal analgesia in pediatric patients undergoing open-heart surgery.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):35-40

Department of Anaesthesiology, KK Women's and Children Hospital, Singapore.

Context: Regional anesthesia may attenuate adverse physiological stress responses associated with cardiothoracic surgery. In this study, hemodynamic stress response at the different time of surgical stimuli was compared between patients receiving general anesthesia (GA) along with caudal epidural analgesia with GA with intravenous analgesia in pediatric population undergoing open-heart surgery.

Aims: This study aims to compare the hemodynamic response at the different time of surgical stimuli and postoperative pain score, in pediatric patients undergoing open-heart procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_215_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350425PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Management issues during postinfarction ventricular septal defect and role of perioperative optimization: A case series.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):30-34

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Dubai Hospital, Al Baraha, Dubai, United Arab Emeritus.

The development of a myocardial infarction ventricular septal rupture is a rare fatal complication, and the surgical repair is the treatment of choice. In most of the scenarios, the operation will be done as an emergency procedure that carries high mortality. Prognosis of these patients depends on prompt echocardiographic diagnosis and the proactive medical and surgical therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_189_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350439PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Rupture of sinus of valsalva - A 15 years single institutional retrospective review: Preoperative heart failure has an impact on post operative outcome?

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):24-29

Department of Cardiology, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: We reviewed our experience with ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysms (RSOV) to determine a correlation with preexisting heart failure (HF) and coexisting cardiac lesions (aortic regurgitation [AR] and ventricular septal defect [VSD]) to postoperative left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and postoperative outcomes.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective review of RSOV cases over 15 years showed that RSOV repair was done in 87 patients. We looked for patients who presented with HF and patients having AR and/or VSDs. Read More

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2019/22/1/24/250192
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_243_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350441PMC
January 2019
12 Reads

Conversion during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A case-control study.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):18-23

Departments of Cardiovasular Sciences, Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Objectives: Off pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery is carried out as an alternative to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). At times 'conversion' to CPB may be required to bail out a situation resulting from acute decompensation of the heart. It is reported that such conversion carries significant mortality risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_227_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350426PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Cardiac output monitoring: Technology and choice.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):6-17

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

The accurate quantification of cardiac output (CO) is given vital importance in modern medical practice, especially in high-risk surgical and critically ill patients. CO monitoring together with perioperative protocols to guide intravenous fluid therapy and inotropic support with the aim of improving CO and oxygen delivery has shown to improve perioperative outcomes in high-risk surgical patients. Understanding of the underlying principles of CO measuring devices helps in knowing the limitations of their use and allows more effective and safer utilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_41_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350438PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction following aortic valve replacement: A review of risk factors, mechanism, and management.

Ann Card Anaesth 2019 Jan-Mar;22(1):1-5

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Cardiothoracic Centre, CNC, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

The presence of dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) can complicate the postoperative course of patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR). The phenomenon of LVOTO is a consequence of an interplay of various pathoanatomic mechanisms. The prevailing cardiovascular milieu dictates the hemodynamic significance of the resultant LVOTO in addition to the anatomical risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_226_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350428PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

In response - Surgical technique and chylothorax following coronary artery bypass grafting.

Ann Card Anaesth 2018 Oct-Dec;21(4):468-469

Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia; Department of Cardiac Surgery, Nawaloka Hospitals PVT Ltd., Colombo, Sri Lanka.

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http://www.annals.in/text.asp?2018/21/4/468/243526
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aca.ACA_174_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206791PMC
December 2018
7 Reads