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    8126 results match your criteria Annals of Ophthalmology Vestnik Oftalmologii [Journal]

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    [Economic aspects of diabetic macular edema treatment at regional level in Russian Federation].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):138-148
    I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Malaya Trubetskaya st., 8c2, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991; Moscow Pharmaceutical Society, Leninskaya sloboda st., 19, Moscow, Russian Federation, 115280.
    An assessment of economic burden of Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) in Russian Federation was conducted on the example of four pilot regions including Samara Region, Republic of Bashkortostan, Chuvash Republic and Yaroslavl Region. The assessment involved a newly developed interactive pharmacoeconomic model that uses data from questionnaire surveys of leading DME experts residing in the regions. In the course of the study, direct and indirect costs associated with DME were calculated. Read More

    [Idiopathic macular hole: history and status quo review].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):131-137
    Kazan State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Butlerov st., 49, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation, 420012.
    The article reviews the literature on one of the topical problems of vitreoretinal surgery - idiopathic macular holes. The history, concept, classification and diagnostics, as well as surgical and alternative treatment methods of macular holes are explored. Read More

    [Ahmed valve in glaucoma surgery].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):126-130
    Ufa Eye Research Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan, 90 Pushkin St., Ufa, Russian Federation, 450008.
    This is a review on Ahmed valve application in glaucoma surgery. It contains, in particular, data on the Ahmed valve efficiency, results of experimental and histological studies of filtering bleb encapsulation, examines the use of antimetabolites and anti-VEGF agents, and discusses implantation techniques. The current appraisal of antimetabolites delivery systems integrated into the Ahmed valve is presented. Read More

    [Role of genetic markers in personalization of anti-angiogenic therapy in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):120-125
    Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 2/1 Barrikadnaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 123995.
    The review presents data of clinical and pharmacogenetic research by Russian and foreign authors conducted within the last three years on the effectiveness of anti-angiogenic treatment against wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Scientific results on the association between angiogenesis-related gene polymorphisms responsible for predisposition to AMD on the one hand and a positive response to anti-VEGF therapy on the other are presented. Particular attention is paid to the main regulator of angiogenesis - the VEGF-A gene. Read More

    [Corneal collagen cross-linking in the treatment of infectious keratitis and corneal ulcers].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):113-119
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    In recent years, collagen cross-linking (CXL) of the cornea has acquired a new usage - in the treatment of infectious keratitis and corneal ulcers. This review was aimed at compiling the previously published data and assessing the effectiveness of the method. Read More

    [Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):106-112
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Fuchs endothelial dystrophy is a severe disease characterized by slowly progressing bilateral asymmetric corneal edema usually seen in elderly patients. The primary purpose of treatment is to minimize edema-related symptoms, such as ocular discomfort and visual acuity loss. Conservative therapy is symptomatic and has a short-term positive effect that does not lead to full functional rehabilitation of the patient, while endothelial keratoplasty is pathogenetically oriented. Read More

    [Use of infrared thermography in ophthalmology].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):99-105
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Thermoregulation disorders are associated with Body temperature fluctuation. Both hyper- and hypothermia are evidence of an ongoing pathological process. Contralateral symmetry in the Body heat spread is considered normal, while asymmetry, if above a certain level, implies an underlying pathology. Read More

    [Rate of visual recovery after macular hole surgery with intraoperative optical coherence tomography and visualization of the internal limiting membrane].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):90-98
    Saint Petersburg branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 21 Yaroslava Gasheka St., Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation, 192283.
    Currently, multiple techniques exist to repair a macular hole, but the functional result may be largely affected by the use of dyes during surgery. With our original visualization methods, one is able to remove the internal limiting membrane (ILM) without staining, and thus to avoid the toxic effect of dyes.

    Aim: to compare anatomical and functional results of surgical closure of large macular holes with or without ILM staining. Read More

    [Specifics of visual perception in infants with familial risk of autism spectrum disorders].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):83-89
    Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, 19 Mira St., Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation, 620002.
    Preclinical prediction of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) is one of the priorities of current research. Children at risk of ASD develop an atypical visual perception profile early in their lives, which influences their visual responsiveness, distribution of attention, and social orienting. In this study we have compared the oculomotor behavior in an infant at familial risk of ASD with data from two 10-month infants with typical development. Read More

    [Objective assessment of donor material for penetrating corneal transplantation].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):76-82
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Reliable suitability evaluation of donor material is the crucial issue of penetrating corneal transplantation. The main parameter to be considered is endothelial cell density (ECD). However, when it comes to practice, one has to admit significant variation in ECD readings of cadaver corneas obtained by different methods. Read More

    [A modified implant for upper eyelid ptosis correction in frontalis suspension surgery].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):69-75
    Moscow Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogriazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.
    Aim: to develop a modified implant to correct ptosis through brow suspension and to evaluate its effectiveness.

    Material And Methods: The clinical group consisted of 20 patients (29 eyes) aged 23 to 69 years (45±5.3 years on the average) and the comparison group - of 20 patients (33 eyes) aged 19 to 77 years (47±9. Read More

    [Dynamics of electrophysiological parameters of the retina after surgical treatment of idiopathic macular hole].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):59-68
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A, B Rossolimo St, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Aim: to study the dynamics of recovery of electrophysiological parameters of the retina after surgical treatment of idiopathic macular hole (IMH) and to assess their relevance to functional prognosis of the operation.

    Material And Methods: The study included 118 patients (120 eyes) examined before and after successful IMH surgery. The patients underwent electroretinography (Ganzfeld and multifocal), static computed perimetry, and optical coherence tomography. Read More

    [Analysis of structure, causes, and risk factors of ischemic optic neuro-pathy].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):50-58
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A, B Rossolimo St, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Aim: to analyze the structure, risk factors, and causes of ischemic optic neuropathy (ION).

    Material And Methods: A total of 239 patients (303 eyes) with ION and 98 patients (185 eyes) with optic disc drusen were examined. All ION patients underwent general clinical assessment. Read More

    [Combined YAG-laser capsulotomy in pseudophakic patients with anterior capsular contraction syndrome].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):45-49
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Progressive metaplastic fibrosis of the anterior capsulorhexis opening is a frequent complication of the postoperative period. There is a widely practiced method of anterior capsular contraction syndrome (ACCS) correction through radial anterior laser capsulotomy. Despite many advantages, it can be complicated by unpredictable anterior capsule tearing and intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation into the vitreous Body, which justifies the search for new technical solutions. Read More

    [Diagnostic capabilities of optical coherence tomography and confocal laser scanning microscopy in studying manifestations of aniridia-associated keratopathy].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):30-44
    Research Center for Medical Genetics, 1 Moskvorech'e St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478; Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, 1 Ostrovityanova St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117997.
    Aim: to investigate the possible use of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) for visualization of limbal progenitor structures and epithelial changes at different stages of aniridia-associated keratopathy (AAK) and to analyze genotype-phenotype correlations of corneal damage.

    Material And Methods: Thirty-four patients (63 eyes) with congenital aniridia (CA) were subjected to epithelial cell density measurement in the central cornea as well as epithelial surface assessment with limbal palisades of Vogt (POV) detection in the corresponding sites of the two corneas. For that, LSCM (HRT3) and AS-OCT (RTVue XR Avanti) were performed. Read More

    [Visual rehabilitation of patients with large post-traumatic defects of the anterior eye segment through iris-lens diaphragm implantation].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):23-29
    S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 59a Beskudnikovskiy blvd, Moscow, Russian Federation, 127486.
    The diversity of methodological approaches and lack of pathogenetically reasonable tactics for patients with combined ocular injuries became the basis for the development and systematization of surgical rehabilitation stages of patients, in whom post-traumatic cataract is combined with post-traumatic aniridia and corneal scarring.

    Aim: to construct a visual rehabilitation approach to patients with post-traumatic defects of the anterior eye segment following optical-reconstructive surgery that involved implantation of an iris-lens diaphragm (ILD).

    Material And Methods: We have analyzed 80 reconstructive cases with ILD implantation in patients with post-traumatic aniridia and corneal damage. Read More

    [Clinical and functional results of one-step phaco surgery and central descemetorhexis for cataract and Fuchs primary endothelial corneal dystrophy].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):16-22
    S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 59a Beskudnikovskiy blvd, Moscow, Russian Federation, 127486.
    Poor visual function associated with Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) is one of the main indications for keratoplasty. Reports of successful visual rehabilitation of patients with spontaneous or scheduled removal of the Descemet's membrane and the endothelium or donor material adhesion failure, suggest this research direction perspective.

    Aim: to evaluate the potential as well as clinical and functional outcomes of phacoemulsification with central circular descemetorhexis in patients with Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy. Read More

    [Differential diagnostic OCT-criteria of acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):10-15
    S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 59a Beskudnikovskiy blvd, Moscow, Russian Federation, 127486.
    Principal differences in natural history, therapeutic approaches, and functional prognosis of acute and chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) requires that they were distinguished.

    Aim: to define differential diagnostic criteria for acute and chronic CSC basing on the chorioretinal complex analysis by EDI-optical coherence tomography (OCT).

    Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed that included data of 112 patients with CSC, who were assigned to either the 'acute' (52 patients) or 'chronic' (60 patients) group depending on symptoms duration (3 months) and fluorescein angiography findings. Read More

    [Regional ophthalmological cluster as a resource basis for the process and the procedure of specialist accreditation].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(6):5-9
    Krasnodar branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 6 Krasnykh Partizan St., Krasnodar, Russian Federation, 350012; Kuban State Medical University, 6 Sedina St., Krasnodar, Russian Federation, 350063.
    Since 2016, phased introduction of specialist accreditation has been launched. Many issues like how training at regional accreditation centers (RACs) should be organized - for applicants applying for primary specialized accreditation as residents in ophthalmology (2018) or periodic accreditation as practicing ophthalmologists (2021) - are yet debatable.

    Aim: to provide organizational and educational resources for arranging accreditation of ophthalmologists at the background of improving the quality of medical care in a federal subject of the Russian Federation. Read More

    [Outcomes of intraocular lens implantation in the absence of capsular support: a review of current literature].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):103-111
    Volgograd branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 80 Zemlyachki St., Volgograd, Russian Federation, 400138.
    Тhe prevalence of complications associated with the deficiency or absence of capsular support in cataract patients is 5-15%. Moreover, approximately 20% of patients have an inconspicuous zonular weakness, which is often left undetected preoperatively.

    Aim: to classify and comparatively analyze the latest published data on the outcomes of various kinds of complicated cataract surgery. Read More

    [Clinical features and diagnosis of diabetic polyneuropathy].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):98-102
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A, B Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) is a serious complication of diabetes that leads to early disability in patients if late diagnosed. There has been a lot of research into pathophysiological mechanisms of nerve fiber damage and risk factors for neurological complications of diabetes. Early diagnosis of the latter is quite a challenge and, thus, the problem of finding more reliable diagnostic modalities is rather pressing. Read More

    [Capsule contraction syndrome in pseudophakia].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):92-97
    N.A. Semashko Railway Clinical Hospital, JSC Russian Railways, 23 korp. 1 Stavropol'skaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 109386.
    This is a review of the literature on capsule contraction syndrome (CCS) in pseudophakic patients that involves severe fibrosis along the margin of the anterior capsule's opening and progressive contraction of the capsular bag. Possible causes of CCS and principles of its prevention and treatment have been analyzed. Read More

    [Corneal transparency: anatomical basis and evaluation methods].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):84-91
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Being just a relatively small part of the fibrous tunic of the eyeball, the cornea is, nevertheless, unique in terms of the variety of its functions. Because the cornea differs significantly from other protective frames in its structure, it provides the possibility of light transmission and strong refraction that largely contributes to the total refraction of the eye. The development of ophthalmology is impossible without improving methods of adequate anatomical and functional assessment of the eye not only as a whole, but also as a collection of interacting structures. Read More

    [Pterygium: etiology, pathogenesis, treatment].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):76-83
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Pterygium is a degenerative condition characterized by fibrovascular outgrowth of conjunctiva over the cornea. Many theories exist that try to explain its pathogenesis. The current belief is that this disease is multifactorial with ultraviolet radiation being the most important trigger. Read More

    [A case of progressive glaucoma against the background of chronic constipation].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):69-75
    I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 8 bld.2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.
    The authors describe a case of severe glaucoma in the only seeing eye of a patient with venous circulation disturbance resulting from a chronic anal fissure complicated with progressive anal stenosis, severe sphincter spasm, and pain syndrome. The article presents the results of multiple clinical ophthalmological tests and instrumental examinations performed before and after surgical intervention that evidence the importance of venous circulation disturbances for glaucoma development. Read More

    [The potential of ectoprosthetics in rehabilitation of patients with orbital pathology].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):64-68
    Istok Audio Trading Ltd, 3a Zavodskoy proezd, Fryazino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 141190.
    Aim: rectification of indications and contraindications for ectoprosthetics and exploration of its potential as a modern rehabilitation modality.

    Material And Methods: Here are summarized the results of 89 cases of facial reconstruction with prosthetic means in trauma patients and those who had had congenital or oncological pathology and in whom other methods of rehabilitation were unable to remedy the defect within the orbital region.

    Results: The indications and contraindications for facial prosthetics as well as the conditions, under which this type of medical and social rehabilitation can be carried out, were clarified. Read More

    [Torpedo macu-lopathy (clinical case)].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):56-63
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    The article presents a clinical case of torpedo maculopathy. This congenital disorder is most likely to be caused by changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) during retinal fissure closure. Visual function is usually unaffected and the condition is revealed at routine ophthalmic examination in children and teens. Read More

    [Ophthalmoferon efficacy in the treatment of children with chronic blepharoconjunctivitis].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):49-55
    St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, 2 Litovskaya St., St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194100.
    Aim: To study possibilities of using the medication Ophthalmoferon in the treatment of children with chronic allergic and Demodex blepharoconjunctivitis.

    Material And Methods: We examined 40 children (80 eyes) aged 3 to 17 years with chronic allergic (group I) and Demodex (group II) blepharoconjunctivitis. Each group was divided into two subgroups ('A' and 'B') respectively based on the treatment regimen used. Read More

    [Stabilizing effectiveness of orthokeratology and long-term minute-concentration atropine therapy in myopia (draft report)].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):43-48
    Moscow Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogriazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.
    The rational for the study was the high prevalence of myopia in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), myopia is one of the five leading causes of blindness and low vision. Of recent reports on conservative measures for the stabilization of myopia, two areas of investigation deserve attention: methods of optical correction that affect peripheral refraction, orthokeratology lenses (OKL) in particular, and pharmacotherapy. Read More

    [Peripheral refraction and retinal contour in congenital and acquired high myopia].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):38-42
    Moscow Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogriazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.
    Aim: to perform a comparative study of peripheral refraction and retinal contour in patients with congenital versus acquired high myopia.

    Material And Methods: A total of 30 patients (60 eyes) with high myopia aged 8 to 18 years (11.2±0. Read More

    [Surgical treatment of purulent corneal ulcers in eyes with neurotrophic keratitis and paralytic lagophthalmos].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):32-37
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Aim: to develop a surgical approach to the treatment of purulent corneal ulcer in eyes with neurotrophic keratitis with lagophthalmos after auditory neuroma removal or stroke.

    Material And Methods: A total of 12 patients (13 eyes) have been managed. All received combined surgery that included simultaneous keratoplasty, autoconjunctivoplasty, and permanent partial tarsorrhaphy. Read More

    [Mo-dified scleral buckling for additional fixation of the retina with endovitreal magnetic implant (experimental study)].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):24-31
    Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1Leninskiye Gory St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.
    Scleral buckling (SB) has been regaining its popularity in the treatment of retinal detachments. On large clinical material, it has been proved to be the technique of choice in phakic patients with retinal detachment of moderate severity. A combined procedure that incorporates features of episcleral as well as intravitreal surgeries has also become widely used. Read More

    [Mitomycin C after endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):16-23
    Centre of Pharmaceutical Analytics Ltd, 20 blvd. 3 Nauchnyy proezd, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117246.
    Mitomycin-C (MMC) is the most frequently used agent for prevention of excessive scarring at the osteotomy site after endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EEDCR), which, however, being applied during the final stage of the surgery, shows questionable effectiveness.

    Aim: to evaluate the effectiveness of a new administration route of mitomycin C in EEDCR.

    Material And Methods: The study included 86 patients (95 cases) in the age range of 62. Read More

    [Uveitis-associated HLA class 1 histocompatibility antigens].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):11-15
    Research Institute of Eye Disease, 11A, B Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Aim: to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic significance of HLA class 1 histocompatibility antigens in the development of anterior uveitis.

    Material And Methods: A total of 137 patients with anterior uveitis followed up at the Research Institute of Eye Diseases in 2009-2016 were tested for HLA antigens (A and B loci). The average patient's age was 29±12. Read More

    [The significance of fibroblasts in experimental modeling of proliferative vitreoretinopathy].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(5):4-10
    Koltzov Institute of Developmental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Vavilova St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119334.
    Aim: to investigate the role of heterogeneous fibroblasts in the development of epiretinal membrane in eyes with modeled proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

    Material And Methods: The material for investigation were 6 eyes of 3 Chinchilla rabbits. Suspended fibroblasts (fibroblasts of the human skin - 200000 cells in 0. Read More

    [Anti-VEGF therapy resistance in neovascular age-related macular degeneration].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):103-108
    Eyesight Recovery Center, 11 A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russia, 119021.
    With account to the increase in the elderly population in most of the developed countries, the WHO defines age-related macular degeneration (AMD) as one of the main causes of blindness in the world. A large percentage of disability is accounted for by exudative, or neovascular, form of AMD. Today, a total of 5 anti-VEGF drugs exist that are recommended for treatment of exudative AMD: pegaptanib, ranibizumab, bevacizumab, aflibercept, and conbercept. Read More

    [Hybrid (femtosecond laser-assisted) phaco surgery and the state of the macula].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):97-102
    Research Institute of Eye Disease, 11 A,B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russia, 119021.
    The review covers different aspects of the impact of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery on the state of the macular zone of the retina. Literature search has revealed inconsistency of the published data and indicated the need for a more detailed study of this problem. Read More

    [Influence of TGF-β cytokine and a number of other biochemical factors on regenerative process].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):89-96
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11, A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russia, 119021.
    Scarring is one of the main causes of surgical failure in a number of eye diseases, dacryologic conditions in particular. The process of wound healing, including postoperative wound healing, goes through several stages mediated by various biochemical factors, such as growth factors and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The balance between the latter directly influences the wound healing. Read More

    [Morphological and clinical aspects of anterior capsulotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):83-88
    First Moscow State Medical University, 2 str. 4 Bol'shaya Pirogovskaya St., Moscow, Russia, 119991.
    The review covers morphological and clinical aspects of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy in cataract surgery. Literature data suggests that femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy is more accurate in size, shape, and centration than manual. Femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy improves the accuracy of IOL positioning within the capsular bag. Read More

    [Mixed infections and inflammatory ophthalmic diseases: clinical and laboratory observations].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):74-82
    Herpes clinic Ltd., 21B Michurinskiy prospekt, Moscow, Russia, 119192.
    In recent years, all medical specialists, including ophthalmologists, have been facing the problem of mixed infections. Recurrent inflammation in the anterior and posterior eye segments is often a result of infection by more than one variety of pathogens.

    Material And Methods: Over the period 2013-2016, 34 patients (14 men and 20 women) with different inflammatory processes in the eye who appeared DNA-positive for mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum) and/or chlamydiae (Chlamydia trachomatis) (PCR testing of tear fluid and/or urine) were followed up. Read More

    [Severe bilateral pseudomonas sclerokeratitis in comatose patient (clinical case)].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):68-73
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russia, 119021.
    The article presents a clinical case of severe bilateral pseudomonas sclerokeratitis in a patient with occlusion hydrocephalus and intracranial hypertension, who was in a coma and on a ventilator for 20 days. At first examination (7 days after the onset of purulent keratitis, during which the process had been rapidly progressing), the clinical picture included lagophthalmos, severe purulent corneal ulcer, bilateral purulent scleromalacia, perforated cornea in the left eye. On the same day, in order to maintain eye integrity, urgent reconstructive penetrating sclerokeratoplasty with subsequent sclerocorneal coating was performed in both eyes right in the intensive care unit. Read More

    [Peripheral corneal cross-linking (P-CXL) for ultrathin corneas with severe keratoconus: a new technique].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):65-67
    Abbondanza Eye Centers, 58 Via Luigi Bodio, Rome, Italy, 00191.
    Corneal cross-linking (CXL) is aimed at halting the progression of keratoconus and is widely considered to be the golden standard in its treatment. It is usually contraindicated, however, in patients with corneal thickness of less than 400 µm, leaving the ophthalmic surgeon no option, but to perform transepithelial CXL (epi-on), usually regarded as less effective. We report a novel approach for ultrathin corneas with severe keratoconus - peripheral corneal cross-linking (P-CXL), in which corneal epithelium is still removed but the apex of the cornea is left untouched. Read More

    [Diagnostic imaging for sclerochoroidal calcifica-tion].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):55-64
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11, A, B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russia, 119021.
    The article presents two clinical cases of sclerochoroidal calcification. This is a rare benign condition that usually does not display itself and is only occasionally diagnosed. It can also be accompanied by systemic disorder of mineral metabolism. Read More

    [Multi-level analysis of the prevalence of pseudoexfoliative syndrome and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):47-54
    Novosibirsk branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 10 Kolkhidskaya St., Novosibirsk, Russia, 630096.
    Epidemiological investigation of pseudoexfoliative syndrome (PEX) as a glaucoma predictor is necessary for antiglaucoma treatment planning.

    Aim: To study the prevalence of PEX and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXFG) among healthy people, naïve patients, and patients under observation as well as to evaluate the hypotensive efficacy of bimatoprost/timolol fixed combination (FCBT) over 4 months in PXFG.

    Material And Methods: Epidemiological analysis, ophthalmological examination, statistical analysis. Read More

    [Combination treatment for cataract and glaucoma].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):42-46
    Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Department of Ophthalmology, 15 Bakinskaya St. Moscow, Russia, 115516.
    Aim: To develop a new combination treatment for cataract and glaucoma that would involve drainage of the suprachoroidal space with an autoscleral flap and to assess the outcomes of patients who underwent combined phacoemulsification and non-penetrating deep sclerectomy with suprachoroidal drainage with an autoscleral flap.

    Material And Methods: We have studied the results of combination surgical treatment of cataract and glaucoma performed in 34 patients (34 eyes), notably phacoemulsification and non-penetrating deep sclerectomy with suprachoroidal drainage.

    Results: In the early postoperative period, visual acuity ranged from 0. Read More

    [АComparative analysis of the magnitude of the distance and lens-induced objective accommodative response in patients with different refraction].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):37-41
    Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russia, 105062.
    Aim: To study the magnitude of objective accommodative response (OAR) with account to the method of image defocusing. The latter can be realized by bringing the object nearer to the eye or by adding a minus lens in front of the viewer.

    Material And Methods: We examined 63 patients (126 eyes) with different refraction aged from 7 to 31 years. Read More

    [Changes in biomechanical properties of the ocular fibrous tunic in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma in response to drug-induced stress-relief tests].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):31-36
    I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 8/2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russia, 119991.
    Aim: To determine the effect of drug-induced stress-relief tests on biomechanical properties of the ocular fibrous tunic in eyes with early, moderate, or advanced primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

    Material And Methods: A total of 202 eyes of 150 patients with POAG of different severity (early, moderate, or advanced) and 36 eyes of 30 healthy controls were examined. The mean patient age was 62±8. Read More

    [Structural retinal and optic nerve changes in patients with post-geniculate visual pathway damage].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):25-30
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A,B, Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
    Aim: To establish the possibility of retrograde trans-synaptic neural degeneration following acquired post-geniculate visual pathway damage.

    Material And Methods: Twenty-two patients with homonymous hemianopia caused by acquired post-geniculate visual pathway damage were examined. Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and ganglion cell complex (GCC) measurements were assessed with RTVue-100 Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Read More

    [Heidelberg retinal tomography of the optic disc in the early diagnosis of glaucoma].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):17-24
    Tambov branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 1 Rasskazovskoe shosse, Tambov, Russian Federation, 392000; Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, Medical Institute, 93 Sovetskaya St., Tambov, Russian Federation, 392000.
    Aim: To analyze anatomical and topographic optic disc parameters with account to the disc area in glaucoma suspects.

    Material And Methods: The study included 302 patients (408 eyes) aged 25 to 76 years (the mean age of 50.5±12. Read More

    [Specific immunoglobulins G and M in blood serum in retinoblastoma and 'pseudoretinoblastoma'].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(4):12-16
    Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russia, 105062.
    Perinatal inflammatory retinal diseases and intrauterine retinal maldevelopments are mistaken for retinoblastoma as often as in 8-16% of cases.

    Aim: To analyze the infectious status in children with retinoblastoma and pseudoretinoblastoma at different ages.

    Material And Methods: A total of 47 retinoblastoma suspects aged 4-69 months were enrolled. Read More

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