8,252 results match your criteria Annals of Ophthalmology Vestnik Oftalmologii [Journal]


[The origins of Moscow Ophthalmological Society].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):129-132

N.A. Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health, 12-1 Vorontsovo pole St., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.

The article reveals for the first time the founding doctors of the Moscow Ophthalmological Society established with in the archival documents and literary publications. It also describes biography and work of the eminent Russian ophthalmologist F.O. Read More

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http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/vestnik-oftalmologii/2018/6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061129DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

[Public healthcare responsibilities of ophthalmologists according to professional regulations].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):124-128

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

Modern public healthcare practices are constantly being improved by the medical community, which involves approval and implementation of professional standards such as including public health activities in the responsibilities of medical specialists. To understand how well such skills can be mastered by the specialists, we have conducted a comparative analysis of ophthalmologist qualifications found in the most often used guidelines and textbooks. With logical, analytical and hypothetical analysis, books and guides published before 2018 were found to have insufficient coverage of the public health responsibilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061124DOI Listing
January 2018

[The role of inflammation in Age-related Macular Degeneration].

Authors:
N A Ermakova

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):116-123

Institute of Advanced Training of the Federal Medical-Biological Agency, Department of Opthalmology, 30/1 Volokolamskoe highway, Moscow, Russian Federation, 123182.

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease that occurs only in senior population. According to Harman's theory (1956), senescence happens due to excessive accumulation and reduced elimination of free radicals in tissues. At the young age, intensive metabolic processes in the outer layers of the retina and pigment epithelium do not lead to the disease because the pigment epithelium itself and the antioxidant protection function well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061116DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Anti-VEGF dosing regimen for neovascular age-related macular degeneration treatment].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):107-115

National Medical and Surgical Center named after N.I. Pirogov, 70 Nizhnyaya Pervomayskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105203.

antivasoproliferative therapy is a revolutionary option in the therapy of Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration (nAMD). In addition to the problem of choosing an anti-VEGF drug, it is equally important to choose the mode of its intravitreal administration. The basic dosing regimen is fixed monthly intravitreal injections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061107DOI Listing
January 2018

[Anatomical and functional features of corneal nerve fibers and methods of their evaluation].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):102-106

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Condition of the ocular surface greatly depends on functional integrity of corneal nerve fibers. Improving the methods used to study corneal nerve fibers allows their condition to be timely evaluated and adequately interpreted. The article reviews the structure, function, chemical composition of corneal nerve fibers, specifics of their innervation, as well as application of modern methods of their evaluation in diagnostics of various pathological conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061102DOI Listing
January 2018

[Hyalocytes of the vitreous body and their role in ophthalmic pathology].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):94-101

North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Department of Ophthalmology, 41 Kirochnaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191015; S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Department of Ophthalmology, 5 Klinicheskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194044; Saint Petersburg branch of S.N. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 21 Yaroslava Gasheka St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 192283.

Hyalocytes of the vitreous body are variety of tissue macrophages that exercise various functions - from ensuring the synthesis of extracellular matrix components and modulating the immune response in the vitreous body to participating in different stages of inflammatory processes. Some aspects of the biology of hyalocytes remain poorly understood and controversial. However, the vitreous cells are starting to be considered a potential point of application in the treatment of diseases of the vitreous body and the retina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406194DOI Listing
January 2018

[Clinical polymorphism of splice site mutations in the ABCA4 gene].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):83-93

Research Centre for Medical Genetics, 1 Moskvorech'e St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478.

ABCA4 is one of the main genes whose mutations are associated with various inherited retinal diseases (IRD) such as Stargardt disease, cone dystrophy, cone-rod dystrophy, and retinitis pigmentosa. The severity of retinal dystrophy phenotype may be related to the degree of mutation pathogenicity, which depends on the localization in various regulatory regions of the gene and the effect on the amino acid composition of the protein molecule. The article describes two clinical cases of patients with splice site mutations in the compound heterozygous state with missense mutations in the ABCA4 gene with various phenotypic manifestations, which demonstrate the importance of molecular genetic analysis in patients with IRD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406183DOI Listing
January 2018

[Etiology and diagnostics of compressive optic neuropathies].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):72-82

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Purpose: To determine the causes and study the clinical manifestations of compressive optic neuropathy (CON).

Material And Methods: The study included 24 male and 36 female patients with CON (in total 60 patients, 97 eyes). All patients underwent standard ophthalmic examination, as well as computer perimetry, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or computed tomography (CT) of the brain and orbit and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406172DOI Listing
January 2018

[Experience of combined laser treatment for pigmentary glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):68-71

Tambov branch of S.N. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 1 Rasskazovskoe highway, Tambov, Russian Federation, 392000; Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, Medical Institute, 93 Sovetskaya St., Tambov, Russian Federation, 392000.

Purpose: To analyze the results of combined laser treatment for pigmentary glaucoma using laser iridectomy (LIE) and selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT).

Material And Methods: The two-stage laser treatment was performed in 12 patients (22 eyes) with pigmentary glaucoma (primary stage - 19 eyes, advanced - 3 eyes). The first stage consisted of LIE; after 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406168DOI Listing
January 2018

[Anti-VEGF therapy for age-related macular degeneration].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):59-67

Novosibirsk State Regional Hospital, 130 Nemirovicha-Danchenko St., Novosibirsk, Russian Federation, 630008; Novosibirsk State Medical University, 52 Krasny Prospect, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation, 630008.

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of aflibercept in treatment of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).

Material And Methods: The first group included 156 treatment-naive nAMD patients (156 eyes). The second group consisted of 29 patients (38 eyes) with nAMD who had previously received at least 3 loading injections of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406159DOI Listing
January 2018

[Results of neuroprotective therapy in primary open-angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):53-58

Orenburg State Medical University, Ministry of Health, 6 Sovetskaya St., Orenburg, Russian Federation, 460000.

Purpose: To determine the relationships between the changes in functional parameters of vision that occur in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients on neuroprotective therapy.

Material And Methods: The study included 146 patients with stages I-III POAG aged 40 to 85 years. The patients were randomly divided into the study group and the control group at 2:1 ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406153DOI Listing
January 2018

[Clinical and functional results of bifocal IOLs implanted during combined cataract and glaucoma surgery].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):46-52

Excimer Ophthalmologic Clinic, 3/1 Marksistskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 109147.

At present, implantation of multifocal IOLs in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) remains questionable.

Purpose: To comparatively analyze the clinical and functional effectiveness of bifocal IOLs implanted during combined cataract and glaucoma surgery.

Material And Methods: The prospective study included 41 patients (75 eyes) with presbyopia and POAG who underwent one-stage cataract phacoemulsification with implantation of a multifocal IOL and non-penetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) with lens capsule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406146DOI Listing
January 2018

[Results of secondary retropupillary-fixated intraocular lens implantation].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):41-45

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

Surgical treatment of intraocular lens (IOL) with late dislocation remains one of the current problems of ophthalmology.

Purpose: To evaluate specific morphofunctional changes in the eye after dislocated IOL exchange with retropupillary-fixated iris-claw IOL.

Material And Methods: Surgical outcomes of 150 patients (150 eyes) with in-the-bag IOL dislocation (122 eyes) or sulcus-fixated IOL dislocation (28 eyes) were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406141DOI Listing
January 2018

[Comparison of ultrasound and hydrodynamic parameters in phacoemulsification].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):33-40

Saint Petersburg branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 21 Yaroslava Gasheka St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 192283.

Modern phacoemulsifiers have the widest selection of ultrasound parameters. Existing approaches to comparing the settings of the phaco machines have shortcomings and thus cannot be considered objective.

Purpose: To find a technique that would allow objective in vivo evaluation of various ultrasound and hydrodynamic parameters after performing phacoemulsification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406133DOI Listing
January 2018

[Ocular lesions in HIV-infected patients of the ophthalmic hospitals].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):25-32

Perm State Medical University named after E.A. Wagner, 26 Petropavlovskaya St., Perm, Russian Federation, 614000; Institute of Immunology and Physiology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomaiskaya St., Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation, 620041.

Purpose: To analyze ophthalmic pathologies in HIV-infected patients of the ophthalmic hospitals of Perm city.

Material And Methods: Medical records of 75 HIV patients registered in Perm Regional Centre for Prevention and Control of AIDS and Infectious Diseases who had received treatment in ophthalmic in-patient clinics of Perm in 2005-2015 years were analyzed retrospectively. Patient examination included traditional ophthalmological methods, as well as immunological (determination of CD4 cells and viral load), serological (detection of antibodies to herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus, chlamydia, toxoplasma), general clinical methods, and consultations by allied specialists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406125DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

[Optical coherence tomography in diagnostics and treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):15-24

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Chair of Ophthalmology, 5 Klinicheskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194044.

Purpose: To identify the signs of leakage points in central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients using optical coherence tomography (OCT) allowing focal laser photocoagulation (FLP) to be performed without the need for fluorescein angiography (FA) in their treatment; to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the approach.

Material And Methods: The retrospective part of the study included 54 patients (54 eyes) with distinctive signs of CSC further confirmed by the presence of a leakage point as could be seen with FA. The number of pigment epithelial detachments (PED), the thickness of the photoreceptor outer segments (PROS) layer, maximum horizontal length of the photoreceptor thinning area, and morphological changes in the outer retinal layers were evaluated with OCT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406115DOI Listing
January 2018

[Three-dimensional acoustic analysis in diagnostics of structural and morphological changes of the eye in certain congenital pathologies].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(6):4-14

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

Changes in ocular anatomy and topography that occur due to congenital development anomalies are often of complex, composite nature. Such pathologies are accompanied by not only refractive errors, but also changes in eye's macrostructure. Careful analysis of the changes is necessary to better understand the clinical picture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma20181340614DOI Listing
January 2018

[Macular pigments in retinal degenerative processes].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):135-140

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Macular pigments (MP) - carotenoids, which determine the structure of the central part of the retina, play an important role in the work of its foveolar part. The main function of MP is to maintain full functionality of the macular area of the retina, which is based on the possibility of reducing color aberrations in the absorption of blue light and patients' ability for dark adaptation. Epidemiological studies have revealed a direct correlation between the low MP and the increased risk of developing age-related macular degeneration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051135DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

[Prevention and treatment of degenerative changes in ocular surface epithelium in patients with dry eye syndrome].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):126-134

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, 2 Litovskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194100; Mariinsky City Hospital, 56 Liteinyi Prospect, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194104.

In current understanding of the pathogenesis of xerotic changes of the ocular surface in patients with dry eye syndrome (DES), great importance is given to hyperosmolarity of the tear film, inflammatory process and oxidative stress. By now, no convincing data has been obtained on whether the oxidative stress is primary in relation to the inflammatory process in the ocular surface tissues, or if it is a complication. Furthermore, in the complex treatment of patients with DES, antioxidant therapy has so far received little attention. Read More

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http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/vestnik-oftalmologii/2018/5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051126DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

[Corneal dystrophies].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):118-125

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

The article reviews modern clinical, morphological, and genetic aspects of corneal dystrophies based on the most recent international classification updated in 2015. Corneal dystrophies is a group of slow progressing, non-inflammatory corneal pathologies, most of which are characterized by variability of the associated traits. The existence of such pathologies makes important their differential diagnosis from acute inflammatory processes of various etiology, which require urgent therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051118DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

[Glaucoma surgery: from traditional filtration techniques to modern principles of bioengineering].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):111-117

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

The article reviews the history of glaucoma surgery and analyses the connection between the accumulation of knowledge on glaucoma progression and the emergence of effective surgical treatment methods based on glaucoma pathogenesis. It also describes modern principles of preventing filtering bleb scarring. Particular attention is devoted to biodegradable collagen matrix implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051111DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

[Complications of intracameral cefuroxime in cataract surgery].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):104-110

Volga District Medical Centre, Federal Medical and Biological Agency, 2 Nizhnevolgskaya Naberegnaya, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation, 603001.

Intracameral injection of cefuroxime during phacoemulsification is considered effective in preventing endophthalmitis. Its widespread usage has led to the accumulation of data on local and systemic adverse reactions. The analysis of complications of cataract surgery with cefuroxime injections described in literature has allowed identifying a few different clusters of toxic and allergic reactions to intracameral cefuroxime for the first time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051104DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

[Influence of cataract phacoemulsification on eye hydrodynamics in patients with prior trabeculectomy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):99-103

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

At present, phacoemulsification and trabeculectomy are the most widespread surgery methods in cataract and glaucoma treatment, generally recognized as the gold standard. Among elderly patients, comorbid glaucoma and cataract are extremely prevalent, so the order of the two surgeries and the time interval between them are pivotal choices when planning treatment strategy. The reason for it is that almost any eye surgery is considered a risk factor for long-term trabeculectomy effectiveness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405199DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

[Intravitreal aflibercept in high retinal pigment epithelial detachments].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):92-98

Volgograd branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 80 Zemlyachki St., Volgograd, Russian Federation, 400138.

Purpose: To study the effectiveness of intravitreal aflibercept in high pigment epithelium detachment (PED) in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Material And Methods: This study included 16 eyes of 16 patients (10 female and 6 male) aged 52 to 82 years (mean age 68.56±2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405192DOI Listing
January 2018
11 Reads

[Laser treatment of giant iris cyst in the anterior chamber in a child (a clinical observation)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):86-91

Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

The article describes a clinical case of a giant post-traumatic iris cyst occupying the anterior chamber in a 3-year-old child successfully treated with laser methods (YAG-laser and diode-pumped laser with doubled frequency). Cyst scarring was achieved with preservation of visual acuity of 1.0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405186DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

[Unilateral multifocal uveal melanoma (a clinical and genetic study)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):78-85

Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, 8 Baltiiskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 125315.

The study presents clinical and genetic analysis of a case of unilateral multifocal uveal choroidal melanoma in a patient of 67 years. Results of ophthalmoscopy, echography, fluorescent angiography, optical coherence tomography are described. Molecular genetic testing of peripheral blood samples was performed, including detection of the occurrences of CC genotype in C3435T polymorphism of the gene ABCB1/MDR1 associated with unfavorable vital prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405178DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

[Optical coherence tomography angiography in paracentral acute middle maculopathy (a case report)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):72-77

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Chair of Ophthalmology, 5 Klinicheskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194044.

Purpose: To describe a case of paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) from the perspective of multimodal visualization and characterize it using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A).

Material And Methods: Multimodal imaging of the eye structures was used to investigate the right eye of a patient with PAMM. Infrared scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (IR-SLO), scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in autofluorescence mode and fluorescein angiography (FAG) were performed with scanning laser ophthalmoscope F-10 ('Nidek Co', Japan). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405172DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

[Hyaluronic acid gel implants for correction of pathological conditions of the orbit and eyelids].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):61-71

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of injectable implants made of hyaluronic acid gel (HAG) in ophthalmoplastics.

Material And Methods: The study included 57 patients (37 patients with lagophthalmos related to acute or chronic facial nerve palsy, endocrine ophthalmopathy; 20 patients with enophthalmos, anophthalmic syndrome). Depending on filler particle size, the patients received either intrapalpebral or intraorbital HAG injection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405161DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

[Molecular mechanisms of neuroretinoprotection in primary open-angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):54-60

City Clinical Hospital #10, 47 Koltsevaya St., Ufa, Russian Federation, 450112.

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of neuroprotective therapy in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma based on specific biochemical markers of neurotrophy and neurodegeneration.

Material And Methods: In the course of the study, lacrimal fluid (LF) of 23 patients (46 eyes) with stage I-II primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) aged 66.3±10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405154DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

[Effect of corneal refractive surgery on optical coherence tomography measurements].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):48-53

S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 59A Beskudnikovsky Blvd., Moscow, Russian Federation, 127486.

The effect of significant changes in corneal power after refractive surgery on the parameters of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has not been sufficiently studied.

Purpose: To study effects of corneal refractive surgery on optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements in patients with moderate and high myopia.

Material And Methods: OCT was performed in 62 patients (62 eyes) with myopia over 4 D before and one month after LASIK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405148DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

[Reparative mechanisms in retina and hypothalamus contributing to rhodopsin recovery in rabbit eyes with retinal dystrophy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):39-47

Institute of Physiology named after A.I. Karayev, 2 Sharifzadeh St., Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan, AZ1100.

Purpose: To study the molecular reparatory mechanisms of the retina and hypothalamus in the context of experimental dystrophy of receptor apparatus in rabbit retina.

Material And Methods: Retinal dystrophy was induced in rabbit eyes by injecting monoiodacetic acid (MIA) intravenously. Indirect ELISA test was used to evaluate the levels of rhodopsin, heat shock protein 70 kDa (HSP70) in the retina, and serotonin-modulating anticonsolidation protein (SMAP) - that directly correlates with serotonin level - in the hypothalamus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405139DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

[Ocular sarcoidosis as a clinical manifestation of multiorgan involvement].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):32-38

Saint Petersburg branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 21 Yaroslava Gasheka St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 192283.

Eye lesion in sarcoidosis is often the first and only sign of a disorder, which suggests a possible systemic disease. Currently sarcoidosis is considered a multisystemic granulomatous disease that requires multidisciplinary approach.

Purpose: To study the prevalence and clinical aspects of sarcoidosis eyes based on the representative sample of patients diagnosed with extraocular nonspecific granulomatous disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405132DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

[Influence of α2-adrenomimetics on incidence of choroidal effusion following laser trabeculoplasty in primary open angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):26-31

North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Education-clinical complex #1, 1/82 Zanevsky Pr., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 195196.

Purpose: To evaluate the influence of different topical hypotensive drugs on incidence of choroidal effusion (CE) following laser trabeculoplasty as the second stage of combined laser-surgical treatment plan in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

Material And Methods: The study included 60 patients with previously operated stage I and II POAG who has 'b-c' intraocular pressure (IOP) on maximum hypotensive therapy. Fistulizing subscleral removal of the outer wall of Schlemm's canal (a. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405126DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Ultrasound biomicroscopy for examination of the anterior segment of the eye in patients with intumescent cataract].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):21-25

Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, Medical Institute, 93 Sovetskaya St., Tambov, Russian Federation, 392000.

According to a prospective review study by H. Gimbel, A. Willerscheidt (1993), among 2967 cataract cases analyzed in 1991, mature intumescent cataract was observed in 34 (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405121DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

[Wavefront and accommodation parameters under different conditions of correction in myopia and hyperopia].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):15-20

Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

Purpose: To compare the wavefront and accommodation parameters without correction and in soft contact lenses (SCL) in natural and cycloplegic conditions in eyes with myopia and hyperopia.

Material And Methods: A total of 142 myopic (mean -5.6±1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405115DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

[New biophotonics methods for improving efficiency and safety of laser modification of the fibrous tunic of the eye].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):4-14

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021; I.M. Sechenov First Moscow Medical University, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The article describes a newly developed and tested diffractive optical element (DOE) that converts non-uniform radiation of the laser output into a homogeneous ring. The Gerchberg-Saxton algorithm is shown to be well suited for achieving annular intensity distribution. Testing this ring transducer on threshold-plasticity cornea demonstrated the reversibility of axisymmetric changes in the cornea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma20181340514DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

[Secondary dry eye syndrome after keratorefractive surgeries and approaches to its treatment and prevention].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):294-298

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Malaya Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The article reviews the particularities of development and pathogenesis of secondary dry eye syndrome (DES) after refractive surgeries including a complex of problems related to changes in tear film content, damage of eye surface and neurotrophic epitheliopathy. Additionally, modern algorithms of treatment and prevention of secondary DES in patients after refractive surgeries are described. Despite the transient nature of the changes, excimer-laser surgery can lead to lasting deficiencies of eye surface in some patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051294DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

[The role of anti-VEGF therapy in geographic atrophy progression].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):289-293

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11, A, B Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a retinal disease associated with older age; it affects macula and leads to deterioration of central vision. Geographic atrophy (GA) is described as advanced stage AMD. Essentially, GA is the loss of some areas of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which is necessary for normal functioning of the retina as it transports nutrients and ions, helps with production of growth factors and protects from photo-oxidation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051289DOI Listing
January 2018
12 Reads

[Corneal degenerations].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):282-288

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Degeneration is the process of change occurring in cells, their parts or intracellular matter that happens due to external factors affecting the life of an organism and results in gradual disruption of normal condition of the tissue or the organ, and possibly complete loss of its functionality. Corneal degenerations may be caused by age-related physiological changes, associated with a certain systemic disease or local inflammations, or be the consequence of chronic toxic action of unhealthy environmental factors on the eye. Unlike dystrophies, corneal degenerations cannot be inherited and do not onset early. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051282DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

[Modern methods of evaluating the morphological and functional state of the eyelids in chronic blepharitis].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):276-281

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Malaya Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The article reviews the literature on methods of evaluating the morphological and functional state of the eyelids in chronic blepharitis. Development of methods continues together with further research on the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051276DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Intraoperative prevention of dacryocystitis relapse].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):270-275

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021; I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Malaya Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The article reviews the literature devoted to modern intraoperative methods of preventing cicatricial process at the site of dacryostoma after endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. Despite the constant improvement of the surgery technique, complications in the postoperative period still occur. They include the formation of granulation tissue at the sites of dacryostoma, synechiae in the nasal cavity, or narrowing of the dacryostoma, which ultimately leads to a relapse of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051270DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

[The state of ocular neurosensory apparatus in diabetes mellitus].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):263-269

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. Among its late complications that can lead to disability is diabetic neuropathy (DN). Patients diagnosed with DN often also have diabetic retinopathy (DR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051263DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

[Application of TNF-alpha inhibitors in treatment of uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):257-262

Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Rheumatology Department, 2/1 Barrikadnaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 123995.

Uveitis is one of the most frequent extraskeletal manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Despite iridocyclitis being the most prevalent form of uveitis in patients with AS, and the rareness of the involvement of posterior eye segments in the inflammatory process, the frequent exacerbation of the disease, a significant number of patients develop complications that lead to decrease of visual acuity. The review features theoretical prerequisites for application of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors: infliximab, adalimumab and etanercept. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051257DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

[Optical coherence tomography for examination of glaucoma surgery site].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):250-256

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

The article reviews the results of using optical coherence tomography (OCT) - a non-invasive non-contact examination method for obtaining a tomographic slice image of the site of glaucoma surgery. The method helped reveal the functional relationships between the newly created outflow pathways and various parameters of the filtering bleb such as its linear dimensions, wall structure, presence of microcysts, position of drainage, etc. Due to its high resolution and noninvasiveness, OCT can be reliably used to examine the structure of aqueous outflow pathways in different postoperative periods with accuracy close to morphometric. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051250DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

[XEN-45 Gel Stent implant in glaucoma treatment].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):244-249

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

The XEN-45 drainage implant is a hypotensive device made of hydrophilic gelatin and stabilized by glutaraldehyde. The implant is designed for modern Microinvasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS). Being installed ab interno, the stent drains aqueous fluid from the anterior chamber into the subconjunctival space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051244DOI Listing
January 2018
11 Reads

[Methods of preserving donor corneas].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):238-243

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Corneal transplantation is the most successful and frequently performed allotransplantation procedure. Benign outcome of penetrating and posterior keratoplasty depends on viability of the corneal tissue and presence of the proper endothelial layer, which retaining is one of the main objectives of preservation of donor material. Methods designed to reach this goal may be classified according to storage duration as short-term (storage in a moist chamber), medium-term (hypothermia), long-term (organ cultivation) and unlimited (cryopreservation). Read More

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http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/vestnik-oftalmologii/2018/5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051238DOI Listing
January 2018
10 Reads

[Spectral correction of vision and electrophysiological measurements of the eye].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):231-237

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Spectral light filters - glasses and intraocular lenses - are widely used in ophthalmology and optometry. Light filters help increase vision clarity, contrast and quality in patients with ocular media opacities and other eye diseases. The article describes the types of light filters and the methods of their clinical application, and presents data on the influence of intra- and extraocular spectral correction on electrophysiological parameters of the retina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051231DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

[Compensating the Descemet's membrane defect (a clinical case study)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):227-230

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

The article describes a clinical case of Descemet's membrane detachment that occurred during cataract phacoemulsification with implantation of intraocular lens. Significant corneal edema developed in the early post-op period. Considering the ability of endothelium to close its own defects even with large injury area, the patient was followed-up for 2 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051227DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

[Ocular thrombotic microangiopathy in atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome (a clinical case study)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):215-226

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The article presents a clinical observation of ocular thrombotic microangiopathy in atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome - a rare genetic disease characterized by systemic thrombosis caused by uncontrolled activation of alternative complement pathway. A typical manifestation of this ocular lesion in this disease is bilateral Purtscher-like retinopathy. Timely diagnostics of atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome, including ophthalmologic examination, determines the early start of a highly effective pathogenetic therapy with complement inhibitor eculizumab. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051215DOI Listing
January 2018
11 Reads

[Hypotensive efficacy of bimatoprost in monotherapy of primary open-angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):208-214

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Purpose: To study the effectiveness of monotherapy with bimatoprost in patients with decompensated intraocular pressure (IOP).

Material And Methods: 90 patients (132 eyes) with stage I-II glaucoma and decompensated IOP previously treated with timolol, latanoprost and travoprost were included in the study. Average IOP at the beginning of the study was 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051208DOI Listing
January 2018
11 Reads