8,438 results match your criteria Annals of Ophthalmology Vestnik Oftalmologii [Journal]


[Prevalence of ophthalmic diseases in the population older than 50 years].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):106-115

Novosibirsk State Medical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

The ageing of population is accompanied by an increase in the frequency of chronic diseases, including ophthalmic. The progression of ophthalmologic disturbances has population specificity and its analysis in Russian population is relevant.

Purpose: To study the prevalence and age- and gender-related gradient of ophthalmic diseases (cataract, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy) in the Russian population older than 50 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136031106DOI Listing
January 2020

[Intraocular lens power in Russian population: distribution analysis].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):100-105

Volga District Medical Centre, Federal Medical and Biological Agency, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.

Approximately 470 thousand cases of cataract surgery with implantation of intraocular lens (IOL) are performed annually in Russia. The distribution of IOL power in the Russian population has not been studied sufficiently, which makes the IOL procurement planning imperfect.

Purpose: To analyze the distribution of implanted IOL power and optimize the IOL procurement system. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136031100DOI Listing
January 2020

[Factors influencing target refraction in children with pseudophakia after extraction of congenital cataract].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):93-99

Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan.

The article describes the factors affecting the target refraction of pseudophakic eyes of children after extraction of congenital cataracts. The factors include features of the echobiometric parameters of the eye, refraction, comorbidity of congenital cataracts and ocular pathologies, margins of error in calculating strength of the intraocular lens, localization and structure of the artificial lens, as well as correction of obscure or refractive amblyopia in pseudophakic eyes. Development of the algorithm for correction of residual refraction of pseudophakic eyes in children both before and after IOL implantation with consideration of each of those factors currently remains a relevant problem. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603193DOI Listing
January 2020

[Use of macular lenses in patients with age-related macular degeneration].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):87-92

Ufa Eye Research Institute, Ufa, Russia.

The review presents the characteristics and results of clinical studies on implantation of different types of macular lenses (IOL-VIP system, Lipschitz Macular Implant (LMI), Fresnel Prism Intraocular, IOL AMD) installed in the capsular bag after phacoemulsification in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The literature review shows that up to now, the data on implantation of these lenses was contradictory and generally based only on short-term results. There are quite strict criteria for the selection of patients to evaluate the maximum possible postoperative visual rehabilitation of patients using special programs, the effectiveness of which largely depends on their commitment to postoperative, sometimes long-term treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603187DOI Listing
January 2020

[Etiopathogenesis of primary open-angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):79-86

Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russia.

The article reviews literature covering the etiopathogenesis and risk factors for the development of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Currently, this problem is one of the most complex and controversial in ophthalmology. The review considers the main theories: vascular, mechanical (retentional, hydromechanical), dystrophic (theory of primary scleropathy), metabolic, concept of liquor hypertension, concept of the individual norm of intraocular pressure, as well as POAG risk factors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603179DOI Listing
January 2020

[Assessment of changes in the retina of patients with Alzheimer's disease].

Authors:
R N Guliyeva

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):74-78

National Ophthalmology Center named after Zarifa Aliyeva, Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan.

Purpose: To assess the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer and its morphometric parameters using optical coherent tomography in Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Material And Methods: The study included 105 patients, among which 45 were with AD and 60 patients without AD (control group). Visual acuity of each eye was measured using Snellen chart, intraocular pressure according to Goldman, and cognitive state on the MMSE scale. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603174DOI Listing
January 2020

[Clinical results of modified crosslinking in the treatment of purulent keratitis and corneal ulcers].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):64-73

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficiency of modified crosslinking (M-CXL) in the treatment of purulent keratitis (PK) and corneal ulcers, including ulcers of mixed etiology.

Material And Methods: M-CXL method involves simultaneous performance of CXL and frequent instillations of anti-infective agents (one drop every 5 minutes for 1 hour). The study included 39 patients (41 eyes) with purulent corneal ulcers (PCU) of various origin. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603164DOI Listing
January 2020

[Effect of acute insulin therapy on the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) in the intraocular fluid in an experiment].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):59-63

Postgraduate Doctors' Training Institute, Cheboksary, Russia.

Purpose: To study the effect of insulin therapy on the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) in the intraocular fluid of rats with alloxan model of diabetes mellitus.

Material And Methods: The experiment was conducted on 80 mongrel rats. In 65 rats, the alloxan model of diabetes mellitus was simulated by a single intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg alloxan hydrate saluted in 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603159DOI Listing
January 2020

[Possibilities of ultrasound methods in diagnostics of eyelid tumors].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):51-58

Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To determine the informative value of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) with A-scan for assessment of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of eyelid tumors less than 5 mm in size.

Material And Methods: The study included 25 patients (25 eyes) with eyelid tumors less than 5 mm in size. In addition to standard ophthalmic examination, complex ultrasound diagnostics including B-scan, Color Doppler imaging and UBM with A-scan were performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603151DOI Listing
January 2020

[Results of surgical treatment of glaucoma using sinustrabeculectomy modified for drainage of anterior chamber and suprachoroidal space by autosclera].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):46-50

People's Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), Department of Eye Diseases Miklouho-Maklaya St., Moscow, Russia.

In order to achieve a persistent hypotensive effect in primary open-angle glaucoma, a modification of the sinustrabeculectomy operation - modified sinustrabeculectomy with basal iridectomy combined with deep sclerectomy involving drainage of the anterior chamber and suprachoroidal space have been developed at the Department of Eye Diseases of the People's Friendship University of Russia.

Purpose: Development of a new method of surgical treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma based on sinustrabeculectomy with basal iridectomy in combination with deep sclerectomy involving drainage of the anterior chamber and suprachoroidal space by autosclera, and evaluation of the surgical outcomes.

Material And Methods: The study analyses the results of surgical treatment of 19 patients (19 eyes) with glaucoma, who underwent sinustrabeculectomy with basal iridectomy in combination with deep sclerectomy and drainage of the anterior chamber and suprachoroidal space. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603146DOI Listing
January 2020

[Analysis of light scattering ability of the cornea before and after endothelial keratoplasty].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):39-45

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To evaluate light scattering ability of the cornea before and after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) endothelial keratoplasty.

Material And Methods: The study included 70 patients (70 eyes) who had undergone DSAEK and DMEK (35 patients, 35 eyes in each group). In addition to standard ophthalmological examinations before and during the one-year follow-up after surgery, the patients had their central corneal thickness, stromal thickness, thickness of the interface area and the graft measured with optical coherence tomography (Optovue, U. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603139DOI Listing
January 2020

[Preventive laser treatment of tractional symptomatic retinal flap tears: long-term outcomes].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):32-38

Tradomed Invest comp., Moscow, Russia.

Tractional flap tears are the main cause of the development of regmatogenic retinal detachment (RRD). The main immediate treatment method for it is laser retinal coagulation.

Purpose: Case monitoring of tractional symptomatic flap tears after laser treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603132DOI Listing
January 2020

[Clinical results of posterior lamellar femto-keratoplasty in patients with corneal endothelial dystrophies].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):25-31

Cheboksary branch of S.N. Fyodorov National Medical Research Center «MNTK «Eye Microsurgery», Cheboksary, Russia.

Purpose: To evaluate clinical results of posterior lamellar keratoplasty performed with Russian femtosecond laser «Vizum» for treating patients with primary and secondary corneal endothelial dystrophies.

Material And Methods: The study included 30 operated eyes: 10 with Fuch's primary endothelial dystrophy of the cornea and 20 with secondary endothelial dystrophy. Patients were examined on the 7th day, as well as at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after the surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603125DOI Listing
January 2020

[Functional results of spectral correction of vision].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):18-24

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To study the data of monocular and binocular multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG), flash visual evoked potential (f-VEP), spatial contrast sensitivity (SCS) with and without yellow filters in healthy elderly people.

Material And Methods: The study included 16 people (8 male and 8 female) with average age of 51.63±4. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603118DOI Listing
January 2020

[Choroidal thickness in children with myopia and its changes after surgical strengthening of the sclera].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):10-17

Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To study the choroidal thickness (CT) in children with myopia and hyperopia and its changes after sclera reinforcement surgeries addressing the progression of myopia.

Material And Methods: The study involved 133 patients: 78 children (average age 12.5±0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013603110DOI Listing
January 2020

[Rational strategy for studying microbiome of the ocular surface of people using hard contact lenses by method of 16S rRNA gene metabarcoding].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(3):3-9

Kazan Federal University (Volga Region), Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan, Russia.

The study is based on the hypothesis that high taxonomic diversity of bacteria detectable on the eye surface by molecular genetic methods is attributed to the high level of its contamination by skin microflora. Such contamination would make it problematic to identify the fractions of real ocular surface microbiome, which remains behind the one-percent cut-off threshold adopted in the metagenomic analysis. Hard contact lenses for long-wearing act as a physical filter preventing DNA contamination from random microorganisms, and at the same time providing adhesion to the living cells of bacteria and fungi. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma20201360313DOI Listing
January 2020

[The course of delayed intrauterine infection in children with residual manifestations of retinopathy of prematurity].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):143-151

N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a severe vascular proliferative disease. The appearance of signs of intrauterine infection in the setting of ROP may aggravate the severity of the disease course and lead to development of complications. Two children with residual ROP effects were observe to have delayed manifestations of intrauterine infection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136021143DOI Listing

[On the new classification of eye burns].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):134-142

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, St. Petersburg, Russia.

The currently used classification of eye burns was proposed in 1973 by N.A. Puchkovskaya and V. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136021134DOI Listing

[Long-term use of latanoprost in the treatment of glaucoma].

Authors:
N I Kurysheva

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):125-132

A.I. Burnazyan Federal Medical and Biophysical Center of FMBA, Moscow, Russia.

Glaucoma is the main cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Latanoprost - an ester prodrug of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) - was the first prostaglandin analogue used in the treatment of glaucoma. The present review shows that latanoprost is the most balanced prostaglandin analogue in terms of efficacy-safety. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136021125DOI Listing

[Specific biomarkers of response to antiangiogenic therapy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):117-124

S.N. Fyodorov National Medical Research Center MNTK Eye Microsurgery, Moscow, Russia.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic macular edema (DME) are the main causes of blindness in the elderly and loss of central vision in patients with diabetic retinopathy, respectively. Anti-VEGF therapy is currently the gold standard for treatment of such patients; it has proved its effectiveness in both randomized clinical trials and clinical practice. However, it should be taken into account that the extent of therapeutic response varies depending on individual characteristics of patients, including the presence of biomarkers that predict the therapeutic response. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136021117DOI Listing

[Drug-induced glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):107-116

Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Moscow, Russia.

Glaucoma is seen as a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by optical neuropathy with associated visual field loss; one of the main risk factors for its development is increased intraocular pressure (IOP). In the case of drug-induced glaucoma (DIG), patients develop elevated IOP, optic neuropathy and visual field defects associated with the use of certain drugs. Corticosteroids are one of the most well-known classes of drugs that can cause an increase in IOP through the open-angle mechanism. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136021107DOI Listing

[Ultraviolet crosslinking in the treatment of keratoconus in patients with thin corneas].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):99-106

Eye Center Vostok-Prozrenie, Moscow, Russia.

Corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) is a procedure that aims to halt the progression of corneal ectasia in keratoconic eyes. It is achieved by inducing cross-links in the corneal stroma and extracellular matrix by exposing it to ultraviolet-A (370 nm) irradiation while it is filled with photosensitizer (riboflavin). According to the conventional protocol, the recommended de-epithelialized corneal thickness should be higher than 400 μm in order to avoid radiation damage to the corneal endothelium. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602199DOI Listing

[Iris shape change and risk of anterior chamber angle closure].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):93-98

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

Potential obstruction of the anterior chamber angle by iris root is a key factor of the pathogenesis of angle-closure glaucoma. Development and adoption of ultrasound biomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography in clinical practice have significantly expanded the capabilities of studying the structures of the anterior eye segment in terms of angle closure risk factors through improving visualization depth and quality of examination, including different variants of iris structure and potential changes of its shape in mydriasis. The article reviews various studies dedicated to the progression of primary angle-closure glaucoma and its dependence on the biometric parameters of the eye and changes in pupil size. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602193DOI Listing

[Treatment of chronic posterior blepharitis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (a case report)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):86-92

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

After allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), various eye diseases are detected in 30-60% of patients, with chronic graft-versus-host reaction - in 50-90% of patients. Among the complications, the most frequent is damage to the eye surface and eyelids. The article presents a clinical case of successful minimally invasive treatment of chronic posterior blepharitis in a patient who has undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602186DOI Listing

[The effect of the tear film on the results of a direct assessment of the sensitivity of the cornea].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):81-85

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

Attempts to find clinical application for esthesiometry are associated with studying sensitivity disorders that occur in various diseases (diabetes mellitus, keratitis of various etiologies, corneal erosion, dry eye syndrome), as well as after surgical interventions.

Purpose: To evaluate the influence of the tear film on the results of direct assessment of corneal sensitivity.

Material And Methods: The study was conducted in a group of 20 healthy volunteers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602181DOI Listing

[Effectiveness of antihypertensive conservative-free therapy with fixed combination of bimatoprost and timolol (intermediate results)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):73-80

South Ural State Medical University, Chelyabinsk, Russia.

Introduction: The effects of antihypertensive therapy are often determined by patient compliance with the prescribed treatment plan. Acceptance of conservative-free forms of drugs leads to a decrease in the frequency and severity of side effects, reduces the need for the use of artificial tears, which lowers the cost of treatment for the patients.

Purpose: to evaluate the hypotensive effectiveness of a fixed combination of bimatoprost (0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602173DOI Listing

[Comparative study of factors associated with the progression of primary open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):64-72

Clinics of doctor ShatalovA Naberezhnaja St., Orekhovo-Zuyevo, Moscow region, Russia.

Purpose: To compare the factors associated with the progression of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG).

Material And Methods: This prospective study analyses clinical data of POAG and PACG patients followed up for 6 years. The progression of glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON) was determined using perimetry and spectral optical coherence tomography (OCT). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602164DOI Listing

[Peptide bioregulators: delivery and efficacy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):56-62

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To compare the neuroprotective properties of retinalamin administered in different ways among open-angle glaucoma patients with compensated intraocular pressure.

Material And Methods: The study included 498 patients (eyes) with initial, moderate and advanced stages of glaucoma. Patients were divided into 3 groups: group I (=110) received 5 mg intramuscular and 5 mg retrobulbar injections of retinalamin; group II (=171) received 5 mg retrobulbar injection of retinalamin; group III received 5 mg intramuscular injection of retinalamin. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602156DOI Listing

[New morphometric criteria in the study of pathogenesis of normal-tension glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):49-55

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Introduction: Studying the factors that contribute to the disturbance of transmembrane pressure gradient is a topical task in the research of pathogenesis of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG).

Purpose: To measure and compare the thickness and depth of lamina cribrosa (LCT and LCD), as well as optic nerve subarachnoid space width (ONSASW) in patients with NTG and healthy individuals.

Material And Methods: The first group included 12 patients (23 eyes) aged from 58 to 74 years (average age 66. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602149DOI Listing

[Capabilities of remote laser homeostasis of the conjunctiva and sclera].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):44-48

S.N. Fyodorov National Medical Research Center MNTK Eye Microsurgery, Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: During some eye surgeries, a need for hemostasis can arise in order to prevent bleeding.

Purpose: To determine the optimal settings for remote laser action of Nd:YAG laser with a wavelength of 1.44 µm on the conjunctival and episcleral vessels of the eye to stop bleeding, as well as for preemptive anemisation of tissue prior to performing a surgical incision. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602144DOI Listing

[Algorithm for predicting axial displacement of the optic part of IOL after phacoemulsification].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):38-43

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Purpose: To test a prediction algorithm for deflection of the optical part of IOL after uncomplicated phacoemulsification.

Material And Methods: The study included 226 patients (287 eyes) who underwent phacoemulsification with implantation of intracapsular AcrySof IOL. Preoperative examination included IOLMaster, Lenstar LS 900 biometry and Pentacam HR keratotopography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602138DOI Listing

[Results of enzyme-linked immunoassay of the blood serum in patients with infectious and inflammatory diseases of the anterior segment of the eye].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):32-37

S.N. Fyodorov National Medical Research Center MNTK Eye Microsurgery, Moscow, Russia.

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical significance of the data obtained during enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of the blood serum of patients with inflammatory diseases of the anterior eye segment compared to a group of healthy volunteers.

Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis of the results of serum ELISA of 200 patients with chronic keratoconjunctivitis and keratouveitis was performed using the solid-phase IFA method in order to detect the presence of antibodies to herpes simplex viruses of 1 and 2 types (HSV 1, 2), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and . The control group consisted of 34 healthy volunteers with no signs of inflammation of the eye tissue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602132DOI Listing

[Comparative assessment of the parameters of visual fixation in amblyopia of different origin].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):26-31

Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: Examination of visual fixation parameters is an important diagnostic method in patients with amblyopia of different origin.

Purpose: To study the visual fixation parameters for various types of amblyopia.

Material And Methods: The study included 108 patients (213 eyes) aged 5-11 years with moderate and high amblyopia: 27 patients (54 eyes) with strabismic amblyopia, 45 patients (87 eyes) with refractive and anisometropic amblyopia, and 36 patients (72 eyes) with relative amblyopia caused by deprivation nystagmus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602126DOI Listing

[Clinical significance of aberrations of the ocular optical system in glaucoma surgery and the capabilities of minimizing them].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):20-25

Dagestan Center of Eye Microsurgery, Kaspiysk, Russia.

Introduction: Despite the achievements of modern pharmacology and laser surgery, traditional glaucoma surgery remains the main method of reducing intraocular pressure (IOP). After successful glaucoma surgery, some of the patients are observed to have a decrease in visual functions not associated with progression of the glaucomatous process. This phenomenon is explained by the effect glaucoma surgery can have on eye refraction; detailed understanding of such changes would significantly speed up functional rehabilitation of these patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602120DOI Listing

[Experimental study of hyaluronic acid gel fillers biodegradation in orbit].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):13-19

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: Recently, hyaluronic acid gel (HAG) fillers were proposed as an effective alternative treatment option for surgical orbital volume augmentation. Several authors reported about long-standing effect of the filler.

Purpose: To assess the features of HAG biodegradation after intraorbital injection in experimental environment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013602113DOI Listing

[Changes in corneal nerve fibers after microinvasive cataract surgery (a preliminary report)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(2):6-12

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: Potential changes in corneal nerve fibers (CNF) induced by cataract phacoemulsification remain insufficiently studied. The need for research in this direction is dictated by a number of circumstances: introduction of corneal confocal microscopy into clinical practice, the need for phaco surgery in the presence of corneal changes of various genesis, the possible negative impact of laser radiation during hybrid (femtosecond laser-assisted) phacoemulsification.

Purpose: To assess the changes in CNF after various methods of microinvasive cataract surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma20201360216DOI Listing

[Viral and non-viral infections in the etiopathogenesis of uveitis].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):124-129

Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

The article reviews literature and proprietary data on the role of pathogens in the etiology of infectious and non-infectious uveitis. Infectious uveitis is caused by active intraocular replication of the virus (herpesvirus, acute stage of enterovirus), or by long-term persistence of the viruses in eye tissues (Fuchs syndrome associated with rubella virus, late complications of enterovirus uveitis). Clinical picture, severity, outcomes of infectious uveitis depend on the pathogen, adequacy of the immune response and genetic characteristics of the patient. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136011124DOI Listing

[The role of the endothelin system in the pathogenesis of eye diseases].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):117-123

Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

The endothelin system (ES) plays a complex role in the pathogenesis of various eye diseases as a local regulator of vascular tone as well as many other physiological processes. Components of ES - endothelins and their receptors - can be found nearly in all cellular structures of the eye, their concentration increases in the presence of many eye diseases. In glaucoma, ES is involved in the mechanisms of eye hypertension by influencing the secretion and outflow of aqueous humor. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136011117DOI Listing

[Swept source optical coherence tomography: a technology review].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):111-116

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, 27-1 Lomonosovskiy av., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The article reviews the concept of swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and presents a brief history of the technology, its implementation in modern commercial tomography, the advantages and disadvantages of the method. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136011111DOI Listing

[Atomic force microscopy in the study of anterior eye segment structures].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):103-110

International school 'Medicine of Future' of the Sechenov University, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The application of atomic force microscopy (AFM) in ophthalmology is considered with respect of the classical anatomical division of the eye into anterior and posterior segments. The review presents the findings of published research studies that involved AFM as a method for assessing anatomical and functional condition of the structures of anterior eye segment. One significant line of research is related to the use of AFM technologies for evaluation of morphological and biomechanical characteristics of various parts of the eye lens. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2020136011103DOI Listing

[Treatment of chronic blepharitis].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):97-102

OOONPP 'LAZMA', 8 Tvardovskogo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 123458.

The most effective method of treating chronic blepharitis - a disease with multifactorial pathogenesis requiring an individual approach - is a combination of remedial measures that addresses eyelids hygiene and includes medicated and device therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601197DOI Listing

[Bilateral occlusion of retinal vessels in Waldenstrom's disease (a case study)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):90-96

Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

The article describes a clinical case of bilateral occlusion of retinal vessels in a patient with Waldenstrom's disease - a rare lymphoplasmocytic tumor of the bone marrow characterized by a complex of syndromes, among which the syndrome of blood hyperviscosity dominates. Comprehensive clinical, instrumental and laboratory examinations revealed that besides the syndrome of blood hyperviscosity the patient also had loci of cerebral ischemia (according to magnetic resonance imaging), ocular hypoperfusion with severe deficiency of retinal and choroidal blood flow (according to Doppler methods) indicating the presence of ocular ischemic syndrome. Since bilateral occlusion of retinal vessels without concomitant vascular and/or systemic pathology is rare, patients with such diagnosis should be referred to a hematologist. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601190DOI Listing

[Comparative analysis of the functional results after implantation of various diffractive trifocal intraocular lenses].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):80-89

A.A. Kharkevich Institute for Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, 19 Bolshoy Karetny per., bld. 1, Moscow, Russian Federation, 127051.

Purpose: To compare visual outcomes after implantation of two models of diffractive trifocal IOLs using various vision assessment systems.

Material And Methods: The study included 25 patients (25 eyes) who were implanted with AcrySof IQ PanOptix (TFN) and 25 patients (25 eyes) implanted with AT LISA tri 839 MP (TRI). Postoperative examination at 1 year included assessment of monocular visual acuity for far, intermediate and near distance using decimal scale, as well as LogMAR and an interactive computer program (ICP). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601180DOI Listing

[The method of closing macular holes with partial preservation of the internal limiting membrane].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):73-79

National Medical and Surgical Center named after N.I. Pirogov, the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, 70 Nizhnyaya Pervomayskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105203.

Macular hole is an urgent vision impairment problem among the population of developed countries. The main method of treatment of the macular hole is vitrectomy with removal of the internal limiting membrane (ILM). However, the pilling has been recently proved to have negative impact on neurophysiological processes in the macular zone. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601173DOI Listing

[Experimental justification of the use of a polymeric implant in reconstructive and regenerative surgery of the sclera and tarsal plate].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):65-72

Kaluga branch of S.N. Fyodorov National Medical Research Center "MNTK "Eye Microsurgery", 5 Svyatoslava Fyodorova St., Kaluga, Russian Federation, 248007.

Introduction: Congenital and acquired diseases, as well as traumatic injuries of the sclera and tarsal plate can lead to serious complications up to the complete loss of visual functions and loss of the eye as an organ if not treated timely. Due to that, it becomes necessary to use biological and synthetic materials during reconstructive and regenerative surgeries to replace the defects and reinforce the carcass properties of the sclera and tarsal plate.

Purpose: To compare experimental and morphological features of the response of the eye and surrounding tissues to implantation of the synthetic polymeric implant for reconstructive and regenerative surgery (PERRS) 'Reperen-6' and biological xenopericardium implant taken from cattle on the sclera in animal experiment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601165DOI Listing

[Optical coherence tomography in diagnostics of small choroidal melanoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):56-64

Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

Purpose: To determine signs of small choroidal melanoma with different pigmentation using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT).

Material And Methods: The study included 344 patients with small choroidal melanoma with different pigmentation examined using EDI-OCT: 1st group - pigmented melanoma (228 eyes), 2nd group - low pigmented (65 eyes), and 3rd group - amelanotic (51 eyes).

Results: In pigmented small choroidal melanomas - elevation of choroidal profile towards vitreous, compression of choriocapillaries with a narrow even 'belt' and a 'shadow' effect; thinning, defects in Bruch's membrane; thickening of the retina above the tumor, lobulated photoreceptors; intra- and subretinal exudate (diffuse, cystic edema, neuroepithelial detachment); defects and detachment of pigment epithelium with hyperreflective foci, disorganization of the pigment with the formation of hyperreflective foci at different retinal levels. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601156DOI Listing

[Computer technologies in diagnostics and treatment of worsening post-enucleation socket syndrome].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):49-55

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

Enucleation with primary orbital implantation and the use of ocular prosthesis does not exclude the risk of post-enucleation socket syndrome (PESS). Correction of such conditions requires modern visualization methods and software for calculation, modelling and control of the surgery.

Purpose: To demonstrate the capabilities of modern computer technologies in diagnostics and treatment of patients with worsening post-enucleation enophthalmos. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601149DOI Listing

[Energy load and state of corneal endothelium in hybrid (femtosecond laser-assisted) and torsional phacoemulsification].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):42-48

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Postoperative state of the corneal endothelium is the most important criterion for evaluating the safety of cataract phacoemulsification.

Purpose: To compare the intraoperative energy load and postoperative state of corneal endothelium in hybrid (femtosecond laser-assisted) and torsional phacoemulsification.

Material And Methods: The study analyzed surgical outcomes of 603 patients (714 eyes) divided into 3 groups: 225 patients (267 eyes) underwent modified femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification (1st group), 237 patients (278 eyes) underwent standard femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification (2nd group), and 141 patients (169 eyes) who underwent torsional phacoemulsification (3rd group). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601142DOI Listing

[Signs of proliferative process after laser treatment of advanced glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):36-41

S.N. Fyodorov National Medical Research Center "MNTK "Eye Microsurgery", 59A Beskudnikovsky Blvd., Moscow, Russian Federation, 127486.

The universally established method for effective and less-invasive reduction of the intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a two-step method consisting of non-penetrating deep sclerectomy (NDSE) followed by laser goniopuncture of the Descemet's membrane (Descemet's goniopuncture; DGP). However, the hypotensive effect can diminish at different times during the follow-up due to excessive scarring in surgically formed outflow tracts (SFOT).

Purpose: To evaluate the condition of SFOT in dynamics with Visante OCT after one-step combined laser technique consisting of modified selective laser activation of the trabecula (MSLAT) and DGP in advanced POAG patients with normalized IOP who have pronounced pigmentation of the trabecular meshwork and stage II pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PES). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601136DOI Listing

[Spatial contrast sensitivity in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension].

Vestn Oftalmol 2020 ;136(1):25-35

Chelyabinsk Regional Clinical Hospital No. 3, 287 Pobedy av., Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation, 454021.

Up to now, there has not been a comparison of spatial contrast sensitivity (SCS) in patients with primary and pseudoexfoliation open-angle glaucoma (POAG; PEG) and ophthalmic hypertension (OH).

Purpose: To study the characteristics of SCS in patients with POAG, PEG (as well as in the paired eye without glaucoma) and OH.

Material And Methods: The work was performed in the period from 2011 to July 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma202013601125DOI Listing