11,605 results match your criteria Annals of Ophthalmology [Journal]


[Eroshevsky readings' celebrates quarter of a century].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):117-118

Samara State Medical University, 89 Chapaevskaya St., Samara, Russian Federation, 443099.

The traditional research and practice conference 'Eroshevsky readings' is dedicated to the anniversary of the birth of T.I. Eroshevsky - the founder of the Samara school of ophthalmologists, a corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of USSR, an honored scientist of the RSFSR, a recipient of the state prize of USSR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2019135011117DOI Listing
January 2019

[Condition of corneal nerve fibers after laser keratorefractive surgery].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):112-116

Research Institute of Eye Disease, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

The article reviews studies dedicated to evaluation of corneal nerve fibers (CNF) after various laser keratorefractive methods of correcting refractive error based on confocal microscopy. The matter of studying the dynamics of the condition of CNF after laser keratorefractive techniques continues to be relevant and requires further research with regard to the prevalence of refractive errors on the one hand, and the future life of patients who undergo these procedures, on the other. Certain heterogeneity of the research results presented in this review can be partially explained by the subjective nature of the study algorithm (in particular, the need for manual tracing of nerve fibers) and the lack of objective quantitative indicators of CNF condition suitable for statistical processing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2019135011112DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

[Optical coherence tomography angiography in ophthalmic oncology].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):104-111

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Department of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The article reviews literature on various methods of optical coherence tomography (OCT). The review also describes clinical aspects of OCT angiography and its applications in ophthalmic oncology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2019135011104DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

[Transplantation of endothelium and Descemet's membrane].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):98-103

S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 59A Beskudnikovsky Blvd., Moscow, Russian Federation, 127486.

Nowadays, endothelial keratoplasty has become an alternative to penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in the management of corneal endothelial dysfunction. Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) is a relatively new corneal transplantation surgery technique suited for patients with endothelial insufficiency, an increasing number of surgeons are learning the graft preparation technique and the surgery itself after seeing its excellent postoperative visual outcomes and faster rehabilitation of patients. DMEK has significant advantages in comparison with automated and manual Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK/DSEK) and PKP including lower risk of immunologic graft rejection (1-2%), lower cost of the procedure, and it does not require expensive equipment such as a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser device. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501198DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Prognostic value of changes in the cornea and conjunctiva in diabetes mellitus].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):90-97

Ufa Eye Research Institute, 90 Pushkina St., Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation, 450008.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common endocrine disease, and therefore a pressing medical and social problem. In many cases, ocular manifestations of DM are considered the particular cause of patients' disability. The review presents an analysis of morphological, experimental and clinical studies of the cornea in patients with diabetes mellitus - full articles, reviews and monographs of Russian and foreign authors, mostly those published in the recent years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501190DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

[Evaluation of therapeutic sensitivity of retinal ganglion cells to targeted peptide bioregulator in culture].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):84-89

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Department of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

Purpose: To study how therapeutically sensitive retinal cell culture is to the peptide bioregulator isolated from cattle retina (Retinalamin) in models of glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON).

Material And Methods: The cells were isolated from the retinae separated from newborn mice. Cell sheets were disaggregated and transformed into a suspension. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501184DOI Listing
January 2019

[Prevalence and severity of dry eye syndrome in myopic candidates for laser in situ keratomileusis].

Authors:
D Yu Maychuk

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):74-83

S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 59A Beskudnikovsky Blvd., Moscow, Russian Federation, 127486.

Purpose: To assess the prevalence and severity of dry eye syndrome (DES) in patients with myopia being evaluated for laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).

Material And Methods: The prospective, non-interventional, cross-sectional study involving 9 Russian ophthalmic centers included 400 patients with myopia (aged 29.7 years in average). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501174DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Efficacy and safety of travoprost in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):67-73

Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

Purpose: To study the hypotensive efficacy and safety of Travapress (0.004% travoprost) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

Material And Methods: The study included 50 patients (91 eyes) aged 45 to 74 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/vestnik-oftalmologii/2019/1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501167DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

[Oxidative stress correction in the treatment of severe keratoconjunctivitis sicca in patients with Sjorgen's syndrome].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):59-66

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Purpose: To evaluate the antioxidative effect of artificial tears in the treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS).

Material And Methods: The study included 43 patients (60 eyes) with severe KCS: 38 women (50 eyes) and 5 men (10 eyes) aged from 27 to 76 years (in average 52 years). Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups; all patients used therapeutic silicone hydrogel soft contact lens (SCL) and instillations of 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501159DOI Listing
January 2019

[Results of laser confocal microscopy of the cornea in viral uveitis (a preliminary report)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):53-58

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Herpesviruses involve neurotropic activity (they affect nerve cells) and have the ability to induce an immune response (a special tropism for immune tissue), which provides a valid reason for studying the possibilities of visualizing nerve fibers of the cornea and Langerhans cells (LC) in viral uveitis (with prospective applications in early diagnosis).

Purpose: To evaluate the results of laser corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) in viral uveitis of varying localization.

Material And Methods: The main study group included 23 patients (23 eyes) diagnosed with unilateral herpesviral uveitis (chorioretinitis), the patients' age varied from 18 to 79 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501153DOI Listing
January 2019

[Effectiveness of the system for predicting the risk of developing an acute angle closure glaucoma attack].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):47-52

Khabarovsk branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 211 Tikhookeanskaia St., Khabarovsk, Russian Federation, 680033.

One of the most severe urgent conditions of the eye capable of leading to untreatable blindness is an acute attack of glaucoma. This condition is an acute decompensation of eye hydrodynamics, which develops with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG). Detectability of PACG is only high at the sudden development of an acute attack, which can cause a sharp decrease or even irreversible loss of vision. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501147DOI Listing
January 2019

[Correcting progressive myopia with bifocal contact lenses with central zone for distant vision: changes in accommodation and axial length (a preliminary report)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):42-46

Academy of Medical Optics and Optometry, 63B-4 Mikhalkovskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 125438; Ophthalmic Clinic 'Krugozor', 218 Karl Marx St., Izhevsk, Russian Federation, 426057.

Purpose: To assess the state of accommodation and the dynamics of changes of ocular axial length in patients with progressive myopia who use bifocal soft contact lenses (BFSCLs).

Material And Methods: The main and control groups consisted of 50 children (100 eyes) each. Patients of the main group used BFSCLs with distance-oriented central zone and added power of 4 D on the periphery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501142DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

[Refraction in pseudophakic eyes after surgical treatment of congenital cataracts].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):36-41

Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

The optimal method of correcting aphakia in infants with congenital cataract (CC) is intraocular correction. Considering the growth of the eyes, most authors implant an IOL with lower dioptric power to try to anticipate the refractive indices after the growth, which in some cases do not match the prediction.

Purpose: To evaluate the achieved refraction and its relation to the anterior-posterior axis of pseudophakic eyes after extraction of CC in children of up to one year of age. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501136DOI Listing
January 2019

[Femtolaser-assisted refractive autokeratoplasty in the management of advanced keratoconus (three-years outcomes)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):28-35

Belarusian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Department of Ophthalmology, 3-3 Petrusya Brovki St., Minsk, Republic of Belarus, 220013.

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term results of a new method of femtosecond laser-assisted refractive autokeratoplasty (FRAK) in the management of advanced keratoconus.

Material And Methods: The study included 45 patients with stable advanced keratoconus (31 males, 14 females; stage III of the disease - 5 eyes, stage IV - 40 eyes). All patients were operated and observed at the 10 Minsk City Hospital (the follow-up period varied from 12 months to 3 years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501128DOI Listing
January 2019

[Calculation of intraocular lens power in surgical treatment of extreme hyperopia].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):21-27

Cheboksary branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 10 Traktorostroiteley Pr., Cheboksary, Russian Federeation, 428027.

Accuracy of calculation of the intraocular lens (IOL) power in eyes with short axial length is inferior to one in emmetropic eyes. Most studies focus on relatively standard eyes.

Purpose: To assess the accuracy of power calculation for IOL used to correct extreme hyperopia and to compare available formulas based on their predictive capacity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501121DOI Listing
January 2019

[Relative effectiveness of methods of obturating the lacrimal duct in the treatment of patients with dry eye syndrome].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):12-20

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, 2 Litovskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194100.

Obturation of the lacrimal duct is a new method being developed in parallel to drug therapy for the treatment of patients with dry eye syndrome (DES). However, the abundance of methods of obturation and the lack of experience with them indicates the necessity of their comparative evaluation and development of a therapeutic algorithm.

Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of various ways of obturating the lacrimal duct, to determine their choice and the sequence of their application in the treatment of patients with DES. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201913501112DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

[Biomechanical properties of the anterior lens capsule after manual and femtolaser capsulotomy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2019;135(1):4-11

Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 5/1 Baumanskaya 2nd St., 105005.

Purpose: To comparatively evaluate the mechanical stability of the edge of central fragment of anterior lens capsule after manual and femtolaser capsulotomy.

Material And Methods: The mechanical tests were performed on the central fragments of the anterior lens capsules obtained intraoperatively after manual and femtolaser capsulotomy (15 and 13 samples, respectively). The conditions of the developed method of mechanical testing are as close to in vivo as possible. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma20191350114DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

[The origins of Moscow Ophthalmological Society].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):129-132

N.A. Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health, 12-1 Vorontsovo pole St., Moscow, 105064, Russian Federation.

The article reveals for the first time the founding doctors of the Moscow Ophthalmological Society established with in the archival documents and literary publications. It also describes biography and work of the eminent Russian ophthalmologist F.O. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/vestnik-oftalmologii/2018/6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061129DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

[Public healthcare responsibilities of ophthalmologists according to professional regulations].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):124-128

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

Modern public healthcare practices are constantly being improved by the medical community, which involves approval and implementation of professional standards such as including public health activities in the responsibilities of medical specialists. To understand how well such skills can be mastered by the specialists, we have conducted a comparative analysis of ophthalmologist qualifications found in the most often used guidelines and textbooks. With logical, analytical and hypothetical analysis, books and guides published before 2018 were found to have insufficient coverage of the public health responsibilities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061124DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[The role of inflammation in Age-related Macular Degeneration].

Authors:
N A Ermakova

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):116-123

Institute of Advanced Training of the Federal Medical-Biological Agency, Department of Opthalmology, 30/1 Volokolamskoe highway, Moscow, Russian Federation, 123182.

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease that occurs only in senior population. According to Harman's theory (1956), senescence happens due to excessive accumulation and reduced elimination of free radicals in tissues. At the young age, intensive metabolic processes in the outer layers of the retina and pigment epithelium do not lead to the disease because the pigment epithelium itself and the antioxidant protection function well. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061116DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Anti-VEGF dosing regimen for neovascular age-related macular degeneration treatment].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):107-115

National Medical and Surgical Center named after N.I. Pirogov, 70 Nizhnyaya Pervomayskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105203.

antivasoproliferative therapy is a revolutionary option in the therapy of Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration (nAMD). In addition to the problem of choosing an anti-VEGF drug, it is equally important to choose the mode of its intravitreal administration. The basic dosing regimen is fixed monthly intravitreal injections. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061107DOI Listing
January 2018

[Anatomical and functional features of corneal nerve fibers and methods of their evaluation].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):102-106

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Condition of the ocular surface greatly depends on functional integrity of corneal nerve fibers. Improving the methods used to study corneal nerve fibers allows their condition to be timely evaluated and adequately interpreted. The article reviews the structure, function, chemical composition of corneal nerve fibers, specifics of their innervation, as well as application of modern methods of their evaluation in diagnostics of various pathological conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134061102DOI Listing
January 2018

[Hyalocytes of the vitreous body and their role in ophthalmic pathology].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):94-101

North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Department of Ophthalmology, 41 Kirochnaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191015; S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Department of Ophthalmology, 5 Klinicheskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194044; Saint Petersburg branch of S.N. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 21 Yaroslava Gasheka St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 192283.

Hyalocytes of the vitreous body are variety of tissue macrophages that exercise various functions - from ensuring the synthesis of extracellular matrix components and modulating the immune response in the vitreous body to participating in different stages of inflammatory processes. Some aspects of the biology of hyalocytes remain poorly understood and controversial. However, the vitreous cells are starting to be considered a potential point of application in the treatment of diseases of the vitreous body and the retina. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406194DOI Listing
January 2018

[Clinical polymorphism of splice site mutations in the ABCA4 gene].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):83-93

Research Centre for Medical Genetics, 1 Moskvorech'e St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478.

ABCA4 is one of the main genes whose mutations are associated with various inherited retinal diseases (IRD) such as Stargardt disease, cone dystrophy, cone-rod dystrophy, and retinitis pigmentosa. The severity of retinal dystrophy phenotype may be related to the degree of mutation pathogenicity, which depends on the localization in various regulatory regions of the gene and the effect on the amino acid composition of the protein molecule. The article describes two clinical cases of patients with splice site mutations in the compound heterozygous state with missense mutations in the ABCA4 gene with various phenotypic manifestations, which demonstrate the importance of molecular genetic analysis in patients with IRD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406183DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Etiology and diagnostics of compressive optic neuropathies].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):72-82

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Purpose: To determine the causes and study the clinical manifestations of compressive optic neuropathy (CON).

Material And Methods: The study included 24 male and 36 female patients with CON (in total 60 patients, 97 eyes). All patients underwent standard ophthalmic examination, as well as computer perimetry, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or computed tomography (CT) of the brain and orbit and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406172DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

[Experience of combined laser treatment for pigmentary glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):68-71

Tambov branch of S.N. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 1 Rasskazovskoe highway, Tambov, Russian Federation, 392000; Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, Medical Institute, 93 Sovetskaya St., Tambov, Russian Federation, 392000.

Purpose: To analyze the results of combined laser treatment for pigmentary glaucoma using laser iridectomy (LIE) and selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT).

Material And Methods: The two-stage laser treatment was performed in 12 patients (22 eyes) with pigmentary glaucoma (primary stage - 19 eyes, advanced - 3 eyes). The first stage consisted of LIE; after 5. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406168DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Anti-VEGF therapy for age-related macular degeneration].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):59-67

Novosibirsk State Regional Hospital, 130 Nemirovicha-Danchenko St., Novosibirsk, Russian Federation, 630008; Novosibirsk State Medical University, 52 Krasny Prospect, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation, 630008.

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of aflibercept in treatment of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).

Material And Methods: The first group included 156 treatment-naive nAMD patients (156 eyes). The second group consisted of 29 patients (38 eyes) with nAMD who had previously received at least 3 loading injections of 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406159DOI Listing
January 2018

[Results of neuroprotective therapy in primary open-angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):53-58

Orenburg State Medical University, Ministry of Health, 6 Sovetskaya St., Orenburg, Russian Federation, 460000.

Purpose: To determine the relationships between the changes in functional parameters of vision that occur in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients on neuroprotective therapy.

Material And Methods: The study included 146 patients with stages I-III POAG aged 40 to 85 years. The patients were randomly divided into the study group and the control group at 2:1 ratio. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406153DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Clinical and functional results of bifocal IOLs implanted during combined cataract and glaucoma surgery].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):46-52

Excimer Ophthalmologic Clinic, 3/1 Marksistskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 109147.

At present, implantation of multifocal IOLs in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) remains questionable.

Purpose: To comparatively analyze the clinical and functional effectiveness of bifocal IOLs implanted during combined cataract and glaucoma surgery.

Material And Methods: The prospective study included 41 patients (75 eyes) with presbyopia and POAG who underwent one-stage cataract phacoemulsification with implantation of a multifocal IOL and non-penetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) with lens capsule. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406146DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Results of secondary retropupillary-fixated intraocular lens implantation].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):41-45

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

Surgical treatment of intraocular lens (IOL) with late dislocation remains one of the current problems of ophthalmology.

Purpose: To evaluate specific morphofunctional changes in the eye after dislocated IOL exchange with retropupillary-fixated iris-claw IOL.

Material And Methods: Surgical outcomes of 150 patients (150 eyes) with in-the-bag IOL dislocation (122 eyes) or sulcus-fixated IOL dislocation (28 eyes) were analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406141DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

[Comparison of ultrasound and hydrodynamic parameters in phacoemulsification].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):33-40

Saint Petersburg branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 21 Yaroslava Gasheka St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 192283.

Modern phacoemulsifiers have the widest selection of ultrasound parameters. Existing approaches to comparing the settings of the phaco machines have shortcomings and thus cannot be considered objective.

Purpose: To find a technique that would allow objective in vivo evaluation of various ultrasound and hydrodynamic parameters after performing phacoemulsification. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406133DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Ocular lesions in HIV-infected patients of the ophthalmic hospitals].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):25-32

Perm State Medical University named after E.A. Wagner, 26 Petropavlovskaya St., Perm, Russian Federation, 614000; Institute of Immunology and Physiology, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomaiskaya St., Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation, 620041.

Purpose: To analyze ophthalmic pathologies in HIV-infected patients of the ophthalmic hospitals of Perm city.

Material And Methods: Medical records of 75 HIV patients registered in Perm Regional Centre for Prevention and Control of AIDS and Infectious Diseases who had received treatment in ophthalmic in-patient clinics of Perm in 2005-2015 years were analyzed retrospectively. Patient examination included traditional ophthalmological methods, as well as immunological (determination of CD4 cells and viral load), serological (detection of antibodies to herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus, chlamydia, toxoplasma), general clinical methods, and consultations by allied specialists. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406125DOI Listing
January 2018
12 Reads

[Optical coherence tomography in diagnostics and treatment of central serous chorioretinopathy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):15-24

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Chair of Ophthalmology, 5 Klinicheskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194044.

Purpose: To identify the signs of leakage points in central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients using optical coherence tomography (OCT) allowing focal laser photocoagulation (FLP) to be performed without the need for fluorescein angiography (FA) in their treatment; to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the approach.

Material And Methods: The retrospective part of the study included 54 patients (54 eyes) with distinctive signs of CSC further confirmed by the presence of a leakage point as could be seen with FA. The number of pigment epithelial detachments (PED), the thickness of the photoreceptor outer segments (PROS) layer, maximum horizontal length of the photoreceptor thinning area, and morphological changes in the outer retinal layers were evaluated with OCT. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813406115DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

[Three-dimensional acoustic analysis in diagnostics of structural and morphological changes of the eye in certain congenital pathologies].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(6):4-14

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

Changes in ocular anatomy and topography that occur due to congenital development anomalies are often of complex, composite nature. Such pathologies are accompanied by not only refractive errors, but also changes in eye's macrostructure. Careful analysis of the changes is necessary to better understand the clinical picture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma20181340614DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

[Macular pigments in retinal degenerative processes].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):135-140

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Macular pigments (MP) - carotenoids, which determine the structure of the central part of the retina, play an important role in the work of its foveolar part. The main function of MP is to maintain full functionality of the macular area of the retina, which is based on the possibility of reducing color aberrations in the absorption of blue light and patients' ability for dark adaptation. Epidemiological studies have revealed a direct correlation between the low MP and the increased risk of developing age-related macular degeneration. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051135DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

[Prevention and treatment of degenerative changes in ocular surface epithelium in patients with dry eye syndrome].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):126-134

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, 2 Litovskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194100; Mariinsky City Hospital, 56 Liteinyi Prospect, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194104.

In current understanding of the pathogenesis of xerotic changes of the ocular surface in patients with dry eye syndrome (DES), great importance is given to hyperosmolarity of the tear film, inflammatory process and oxidative stress. By now, no convincing data has been obtained on whether the oxidative stress is primary in relation to the inflammatory process in the ocular surface tissues, or if it is a complication. Furthermore, in the complex treatment of patients with DES, antioxidant therapy has so far received little attention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.mediasphera.ru/issues/vestnik-oftalmologii/2018/5
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051126DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

[Corneal dystrophies].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):118-125

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

The article reviews modern clinical, morphological, and genetic aspects of corneal dystrophies based on the most recent international classification updated in 2015. Corneal dystrophies is a group of slow progressing, non-inflammatory corneal pathologies, most of which are characterized by variability of the associated traits. The existence of such pathologies makes important their differential diagnosis from acute inflammatory processes of various etiology, which require urgent therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051118DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

[Glaucoma surgery: from traditional filtration techniques to modern principles of bioengineering].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):111-117

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

The article reviews the history of glaucoma surgery and analyses the connection between the accumulation of knowledge on glaucoma progression and the emergence of effective surgical treatment methods based on glaucoma pathogenesis. It also describes modern principles of preventing filtering bleb scarring. Particular attention is devoted to biodegradable collagen matrix implants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051111DOI Listing
January 2018
13 Reads

[Complications of intracameral cefuroxime in cataract surgery].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):104-110

Volga District Medical Centre, Federal Medical and Biological Agency, 2 Nizhnevolgskaya Naberegnaya, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation, 603001.

Intracameral injection of cefuroxime during phacoemulsification is considered effective in preventing endophthalmitis. Its widespread usage has led to the accumulation of data on local and systemic adverse reactions. The analysis of complications of cataract surgery with cefuroxime injections described in literature has allowed identifying a few different clusters of toxic and allergic reactions to intracameral cefuroxime for the first time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2018134051104DOI Listing
January 2018
18 Reads

[Influence of cataract phacoemulsification on eye hydrodynamics in patients with prior trabeculectomy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):99-103

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

At present, phacoemulsification and trabeculectomy are the most widespread surgery methods in cataract and glaucoma treatment, generally recognized as the gold standard. Among elderly patients, comorbid glaucoma and cataract are extremely prevalent, so the order of the two surgeries and the time interval between them are pivotal choices when planning treatment strategy. The reason for it is that almost any eye surgery is considered a risk factor for long-term trabeculectomy effectiveness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405199DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

[Intravitreal aflibercept in high retinal pigment epithelial detachments].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):92-98

Volgograd branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 80 Zemlyachki St., Volgograd, Russian Federation, 400138.

Purpose: To study the effectiveness of intravitreal aflibercept in high pigment epithelium detachment (PED) in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Material And Methods: This study included 16 eyes of 16 patients (10 female and 6 male) aged 52 to 82 years (mean age 68.56±2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405192DOI Listing
January 2018
21 Reads

[Laser treatment of giant iris cyst in the anterior chamber in a child (a clinical observation)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):86-91

Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

The article describes a clinical case of a giant post-traumatic iris cyst occupying the anterior chamber in a 3-year-old child successfully treated with laser methods (YAG-laser and diode-pumped laser with doubled frequency). Cyst scarring was achieved with preservation of visual acuity of 1.0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405186DOI Listing
January 2018
14 Reads

[Unilateral multifocal uveal melanoma (a clinical and genetic study)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):78-85

Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, 8 Baltiiskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 125315.

The study presents clinical and genetic analysis of a case of unilateral multifocal uveal choroidal melanoma in a patient of 67 years. Results of ophthalmoscopy, echography, fluorescent angiography, optical coherence tomography are described. Molecular genetic testing of peripheral blood samples was performed, including detection of the occurrences of CC genotype in C3435T polymorphism of the gene ABCB1/MDR1 associated with unfavorable vital prognosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405178DOI Listing
January 2018
15 Reads

[Optical coherence tomography angiography in paracentral acute middle maculopathy (a case report)].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):72-77

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Chair of Ophthalmology, 5 Klinicheskaya St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194044.

Purpose: To describe a case of paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) from the perspective of multimodal visualization and characterize it using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A).

Material And Methods: Multimodal imaging of the eye structures was used to investigate the right eye of a patient with PAMM. Infrared scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (IR-SLO), scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in autofluorescence mode and fluorescein angiography (FAG) were performed with scanning laser ophthalmoscope F-10 ('Nidek Co', Japan). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405172DOI Listing
January 2018
14 Reads

[Hyaluronic acid gel implants for correction of pathological conditions of the orbit and eyelids].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):61-71

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of injectable implants made of hyaluronic acid gel (HAG) in ophthalmoplastics.

Material And Methods: The study included 57 patients (37 patients with lagophthalmos related to acute or chronic facial nerve palsy, endocrine ophthalmopathy; 20 patients with enophthalmos, anophthalmic syndrome). Depending on filler particle size, the patients received either intrapalpebral or intraorbital HAG injection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405161DOI Listing
January 2018
15 Reads

[Molecular mechanisms of neuroretinoprotection in primary open-angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):54-60

City Clinical Hospital #10, 47 Koltsevaya St., Ufa, Russian Federation, 450112.

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of neuroprotective therapy in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma based on specific biochemical markers of neurotrophy and neurodegeneration.

Material And Methods: In the course of the study, lacrimal fluid (LF) of 23 patients (46 eyes) with stage I-II primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) aged 66.3±10. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405154DOI Listing
January 2018
17 Reads

[Effect of corneal refractive surgery on optical coherence tomography measurements].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):48-53

S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 59A Beskudnikovsky Blvd., Moscow, Russian Federation, 127486.

The effect of significant changes in corneal power after refractive surgery on the parameters of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has not been sufficiently studied.

Purpose: To study effects of corneal refractive surgery on optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements in patients with moderate and high myopia.

Material And Methods: OCT was performed in 62 patients (62 eyes) with myopia over 4 D before and one month after LASIK. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405148DOI Listing
January 2018
14 Reads

[Reparative mechanisms in retina and hypothalamus contributing to rhodopsin recovery in rabbit eyes with retinal dystrophy].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):39-47

Institute of Physiology named after A.I. Karayev, 2 Sharifzadeh St., Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan, AZ1100.

Purpose: To study the molecular reparatory mechanisms of the retina and hypothalamus in the context of experimental dystrophy of receptor apparatus in rabbit retina.

Material And Methods: Retinal dystrophy was induced in rabbit eyes by injecting monoiodacetic acid (MIA) intravenously. Indirect ELISA test was used to evaluate the levels of rhodopsin, heat shock protein 70 kDa (HSP70) in the retina, and serotonin-modulating anticonsolidation protein (SMAP) - that directly correlates with serotonin level - in the hypothalamus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405139DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

[Ocular sarcoidosis as a clinical manifestation of multiorgan involvement].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):32-38

Saint Petersburg branch of S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, 21 Yaroslava Gasheka St., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 192283.

Eye lesion in sarcoidosis is often the first and only sign of a disorder, which suggests a possible systemic disease. Currently sarcoidosis is considered a multisystemic granulomatous disease that requires multidisciplinary approach.

Purpose: To study the prevalence and clinical aspects of sarcoidosis eyes based on the representative sample of patients diagnosed with extraocular nonspecific granulomatous disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405132DOI Listing
January 2018
14 Reads

[Influence of α2-adrenomimetics on incidence of choroidal effusion following laser trabeculoplasty in primary open angle glaucoma].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018;134(5):26-31

North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Education-clinical complex #1, 1/82 Zanevsky Pr., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 195196.

Purpose: To evaluate the influence of different topical hypotensive drugs on incidence of choroidal effusion (CE) following laser trabeculoplasty as the second stage of combined laser-surgical treatment plan in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

Material And Methods: The study included 60 patients with previously operated stage I and II POAG who has 'b-c' intraocular pressure (IOP) on maximum hypotensive therapy. Fistulizing subscleral removal of the outer wall of Schlemm's canal (a. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/oftalma201813405126DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads