2,449 results match your criteria Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism[Journal]


Raspberries Improve Postprandial Glucose and Acute and Chronic Inflammation in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Feb 14;74(2):165-174. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada,

Background: Postprandial metabolic impairments in diabetes have been shown to play an important role in vascular complications. Dietary polyphenols and other bioactive compounds in berries have been shown to improve postprandial hyperglycemia and related metabolic impairments, but few clinical studies have been reported in diabetes.

Objective: To examine the effects of daily dietary raspberries on postprandial and 4-week fasting glucose, lipids and biomarkers of inflammation in obese adults with type 2 diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497226DOI Listing
February 2019

Low Levels of Serum β-Carotene and β-Carotene/Retinol Ratio Are Associated with Histological Severity in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Feb 13;74(2):156-164. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou,

β-Carotene has been reported to alleviate hepatic steatosis (SS), inflammation, and fibrosis in vivo and vitro studies. However, the clinical relevance of serum β-carotene and β-carotene-to-retinol (SC/SR) ratio with histological severity in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients is unknown. This case-control study enrolled 24 control subjects and 62 NAFLD patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496458DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of a Hypocaloric, Nutritionally Complete, Higher Protein Meal Plan on Regional Body Fat and Cardiometabolic Biomarkers in Older Adults with Obesity.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Feb 12;74(2):149-155. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Whether improvements in cardiometabolic health following weight loss (WL) are associated with changes in regional body fat distribution (gluteal vs. -android) is not well documented.

Methods: Older (age: 70 ± 4 years; mean ± SD) adults with obesity were randomized to a 6-month WL program (WL; n = 47), accomplished using a hypocaloric, nutritionally complete, higher protein -(targeting ≥1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497066DOI Listing
February 2019

Decreased Na+/K+-ATPase Activity and Altered Susceptibility to Peroxidation and Lipid Composition in the Erythrocytes of Metabolic Syndrome Patients with Coronary Artery Disease.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Feb 7;74(2):140-148. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: The increased generation of reactive oxygen species that occurs in the case of a metabolic syndrome (MetS) may be responsible for the increased oxidative injury to erythrocyte membranes in coronary artery disease (CAD). Therefore, we studied the effects of MetS on both indexes of oxidative damage and biochemical properties of erythrocyte membranes in CAD patients.

Methods: We analyzed the markers of oxidative stress, Na+/K+-ATPase activity, total cholesterol content of erythrocyte membranes (CEM), and fatty acid compositions of the erythrocyte membrane in 82 patients with stable CAD and 39 non-CAD subjects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497065DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Abstracts of the 10th Workshop on Probiotics and Prebiotics.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2019 5;74 Suppl 1:1-31. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

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February 2019
1 Read

Effect of Delivery Mode and Nutrition on Gut Microbiota in Neonates.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Feb 4;74(2):132-139. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka,

Background/aims: The mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) and feeding type (breastfeeding or formula feeding) of neonates are considered the most influential factors in the development of gut microbiota.

Objectives: This study investigated the effect of prebiotic-rich breast milk on overcoming gut microbiota dysbiosis.

Method: Stool samples from 36 healthy Japanese neonates were obtained at 4 days and 1 month of age, and divided into 4 groups based on mode of delivery and feeding type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496427DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Nutrition During Pregnancy, Lactation and Early Childhood and its Implications for Maternal and Long-Term Child Health: The Early Nutrition Project Recommendations.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Jan 23;74(2):93-106. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Medical University of Warsaw, Department of Paediatrics, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: A considerable body of evidence accumulated especially during the last decade, demonstrating that early nutrition and lifestyle have long-term effects on later health and disease ("developmental or metabolic programming").

Methods: Researchers involved in the European Union funded international EarlyNutrition research project consolidated the scientific evidence base and existing recommendations to formulate consensus recommendations on nutrition and lifestyle before and during pregnancy, during infancy and early childhood that take long-term health impact into account. Systematic reviews were performed on published dietary guidelines, standards and recommendations, with special attention to long-term health consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496471DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Beneficial Effects of Probiotic Consumption on the Immune System.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Jan 23;74(2):115-124. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Centro de Referencia para Lactobacilos (CERELA-CONICET), San Miguel de Tucumán,

Background: The gastrointestinal tract is one of the most microbiologically active ecosystems that plays a crucial role in the working of the mucosal immune system (MIS). In this ecosystem, the consumed probiotics stimulate the immune system and induce a network of signals mediated by the whole bacteria or their cell wall structure. This review is aimed at describing the immunological mechanisms of probiotics and their beneficial effects on the host. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496426DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Low Body Mass Index and Myeloablative Conditioning Regimen Prolong the Duration of Parenteral Nutrition During Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Jan 23;74(2):107-114. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Pharmacy, Shiga University of Medical Science Hospital, Otsu, Japan.

Background/aims: Patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) often receive total parenteral nutrition (TPN) due to poor oral intake. In clinical practice, it is difficult to predict adequate nutritional management, especially the duration of parenteral nutrition (PN), because of inter-individual variability in the conditions and types of treatment regimens. This study investigated the relationship between patient factors and the duration of TPN and the duration of PN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496457DOI Listing
January 2019
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Circulating Spexin Decreased and Negatively Correlated with Systemic Insulin Sensitivity and Pancreatic β Cell Function in Obese Children.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 Jan 23;74(2):125-131. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou,

Objectives: Spexin (SPX) is a novel peptide that has recently emerged as an important regulatory adipokine of obesity and related metabolic disease. Little is known about its role in children. The aim of the current study was to determine the potential role of SPX in obese children and explore its relationships with obesity-related markers, insulin sensitivity and pancreatic β cell function. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496459
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January 2019
4 Reads

International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids 2018 Symposium: Arachidonic and Docosahexaenoic Acids in Infant Development.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 7;74(1):83-91. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

DSM Nutritional Products, Inc, Columbia, Maryland, USA.

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January 2019
3 Reads

Childhood Obesity: The Need to Translate Research into Daily Practice: Announcing the Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism as the Official Journal of the European Childhood Obesity Group.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 7;74(1):80-82. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), Clermont Auvergne University, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495905
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January 2019
10 Reads

Contents vol. 73, 2018.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2018 6;73(4):I-VI. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495271
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December 2018
2 Reads

A Mediterranean Diet with an Enhanced Consumption of Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Pistachios Improves Pregnancy Outcomes in Women Without Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Sub-Analysis of the St. Carlos Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Study.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 14;74(1):69-79. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clínico Universitario San Carlos and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), Madrid,

Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), enhanced with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and nuts, on a composite of adverse maternofoetal outcomes of women with normoglycemia during pregnancy.

Methods: This was a sub-analysis of the St Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus Prevention Study. Only normoglycemic women were analysed (697). Read More

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December 2018
20 Reads

Daily Supplementation with 4000 IU Vitamin D3 for Three Years Does Not Modify Cardiovascular Risk Markers in Patients with Advanced Heart Failure: The Effect of Vitamin D on Mortality in Heart Failure Trial.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 14;74(1):62-68. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Clinic for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Herz- und Diabeteszentrum NRW, Ruhr University Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany.

Background/aims: We aimed to investigate the effect of a moderately high vitamin D dose on lipid parameters and biochemical markers of vascular calcification (VC) in patients with established cardiovascular disease.

Methods: We included in this pre-specified secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial 161 patients with advanced heart failure and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations < 75 nmol/L (vitamin D group: n = 80; placebo group: n = 81), who received a daily vitamin D3 supplement of 4,000 IU for 3 years. We assessed between-group differences of the lipid parameters total-cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and triglycerides, and the VC markers fetuin-A and non-phosphorylated undercarboxylated matrix gla protein (MGP) at study termination, with adjustment for baseline values. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495662DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
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Effects of Enteral Immunonutrition in Patients Undergoing Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 12;74(1):53-61. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of General Surgery, Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Laboratory of Anhui Province, Affiliated Provincial Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei,

Background: The effect of enteral immunonutrition (EIN) in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is still doubtful. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the impact of EIN on postoperative clinical outcomes for patients undergoing PD.

Methods: A literature search was carried out to identify all of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning the use of EIN for PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495468DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Influence of Nutritional Management and Rehabilitation on Physical Outcome in Japanese Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Multicenter Observational Study.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 12;74(1):35-43. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Background: There is lack of evidence regarding nutritional management among intensive care unit (ICU) patients in a population with relatively low body mass index. Therefore, we conducted an observational study to assess the nutritional management in Japanese ICUs. Also, we investigated the impact of nutritional management and rehabilitation on physical outcome. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495213
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December 2018
4 Reads

Association of Circulating Adipsin, Visfatin, and Adiponectin with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Adults: A Case-Control Study.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 12;74(1):44-52. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou,

Background/aims: Some adipokines, such as adiponectin and leptin, have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), while the association of adipsin and visfatin with NAFLD still remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the association of circulating adipsin, visfatin, and adiponectin with NAFLD in Chinese adults.

Methods: We recruited a total of 211 eligible subjects, including 100 NAFLD cases and 111 age and sex frequency-matched controls. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495215
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December 2018
10 Reads

Risk Assessment Paradigm for Glutamate.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 3;73 Suppl 5:53-64. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Toxicology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The

Background: Re-evaluation of the use of glutamic acid and glutamate salts (referred to as glutamate hereafter) by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) proposed a group acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 30 mg/kg body weight (bw)/day.

Summary: This ADI is below the normal dietary intake, while even intake of free glutamate by breast-fed babies can be above this ADI. In addition, the pre-natal developmental toxicity study selected by EFSA, has never been used by regulatory authorities worldwide for the safety assessment of glutamate despite it being available for nearly 40 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494783DOI Listing
December 2018
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Monosodium Glutamate in the Diet Does Not Raise Brain Glutamate Concentrations or Disrupt Brain Functions.

Authors:
John D Fernstrom

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 3;73 Suppl 5:43-52. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

The non-essential amino acid glutamate participates in numerous metabolic pathways in the body. It also performs important physiologic functions, which include a sensory role as one of the basic tastes (as monosodium glutamate [MSG]), and a role in neuronal function as the dominant excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Its pleasant taste (as MSG) has led to its inclusion as a flavoring agent in foods for centuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494782DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

A Test of Dietary Monosodium Glutamate Developmental Neurotoxicity in Rats: A Reappraisal.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 3;73 Suppl 5:36-42. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

In 1979, we tested dietary monosodium glutamate (MSG) for developmental neurotoxicity in rats. The study was recently cited for establishing a No Observable Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) for MSG as a food additive resulting in a change in the acceptable daily intake (ADI). Therefore, I re-evaluated the study [Vorhees et al. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494781
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December 2018
9 Reads

Glutamate Supply and Metabolism in Infants.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 3;73 Suppl 5:29-35. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Glutamate (Glu) is the most abundant amino acid (AA) in human milk. Available information on Glu supply and metabolism was reviewed, based on an electronic literature search. In 22 cross-sectional global studies with 4,747 women, free Glu increases with lactation duration and contributes to about 38% of total and 63% of dispensable milk AA. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494780
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December 2018
9 Reads

Review of Glutamate Intake from Both Food Additive and Non-Additive Sources in the European Union.

Authors:
David R Tennant

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 3;73 Suppl 5:21-28. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Background: Intakes of glutamate can be derived from its natural occurrence as a constituent of proteins, from the presence of free glutamate in certain fermented foods, and from the addition of glutamic acid and glutamates to foods as flavor-enhancing additives.

Summary: Intakes of glutamate following hydrolysis of dietary proteins can be as high as 440 mg/kg bw/day for toddlers and small children. High-level intakes of glutamate from its natural occurrence  in foods or from the use of food additives, given very conservative assumptions about conditions of use, are -similar at around 80 mg/kg bw/day for toddlers and small children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494778DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The Roles of Dietary Glutamate in the Intestine.

Authors:
Daniel Tomé

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 3;73 Suppl 5:15-20. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Glutamate (Glu), either as one of the amino acids of protein or in free form, constitutes up to 8-10% of amino acid content in the human diet, with an intake of about 10-20 g/day in adults. In the intestine, postprandial luminal Glu concentrations can be of the order of mM and result in a high intra-mucosal Glu concentration. Glu absorbed from the intestinal lumen is for a large part metabolized by enterocytes in various pathways, including the production of energy to support intestinal motility and functions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494777DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Metabolism of Dietary Glutamate in Adults.

Authors:
Luc Cynober

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 3;73 Suppl 5:5-14. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Clinical Chemistry Department, Cochin Hospital, AP-HP, Paris,

Background: Glutamate is a non-essential amino acid at the crossroads of nitrogen and energy metabolism. Glutamate metabolism is characterized by reactions that may be anabolic or catabolic in nature depending on the tissue (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494776DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Introduction and Summary of the 2018 Dietary Glutamate Workshop.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 3;73 Suppl 5:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Division of Neurology, Cincinnati Children's Research Foundation, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

The 2018 Dietary Glutamate Workshop was organized and sponsored by the International Glutamate Technical Committee to provide a platform for a broad expert discussion on all relevant aspects of glutamate metabolism and safety in human nutrition. The participants reached a consensus with previous safety evaluations conducted by the global expert bodies, but contradicted the 2017 re-evaluation of dietary glutamates by the European Food Safety Authority, which proposed a group acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 30 mg/kg body weight per day. The participants of the Workshop concluded that the present knowledge on metabolism, kinetics, developmental and general toxicity of dietary glutamates did not warrant a change in the previous ADI of "not specified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494775DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Computed Tomography-Assessed Sarcopenia Indexes Predict Major Complications following Surgery for Hepatopancreatobiliary Malignancy: A Meta-Analysis.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 4;74(1):24-34. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Wuhan University, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Institute of Hepatobiliary Diseases of Wuhan University, Transplant Center of Wuhan University, Hubei Key Laboratory of Medical Technology on Transplantation, Wuhan,

Background: Computed tomography (CT)-assessed sarcopenia indexes have been reported to predict postoperative morbidity and mortality; however conclusions drawn from different indexes and studies remain controversial.

Aim: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate various CT-assessed sarcopenia indexes as predictors of risk for major complications in patients undergoing hepatopancreatobiliary surgery for malignancy.

Methods: Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases were systematically searched to identify relevant studies published before June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494887DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

A multicentre Study of Nutrition Risk Assessment in Adult Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Attending Outpatient Clinics.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 28;74(1):18-23. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United

Background: Overnutrition and undernutrition can affect patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although all IBD outpatients should be screened for nutrition risk, screening is not routinely performed, potentially leading to reduced identification and treatment. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of nutrition risk in adult IBD outpatients and the proportion of cases who discussed diet and/or nutrition during their routine clinical appointment. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495214
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495214DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

L-Carnitine Supplementation Increases Trimethylamine-N-Oxide but not Markers of Atherosclerosis in Healthy Aged Women.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 28;74(1):11-17. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Bioenergetics and Nutrition, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk,

Background: L-carnitine can be metabolized to trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a molecule that promotes atherogenesis through its interaction with macrophages and lipid metabolism.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess whether L-carnitine supplementation may promote changes in selected serum biomarkers of atherosclerosis.

Methods: Before the start, in the mid-point and after completing the 24-weeks supplementation protocol, fasting blood samples were taken from the antecubital vein. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495037
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November 2018
6 Reads

Front-of-Pack Labeling: Tool for Noncommunicable Diseases Prevention.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 21;74(1):9-10. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University at Salaya, Nakhonpathom, Thailand.

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November 2018
1 Read

Associate Editor Diana Rubin.

Authors:
Diana Rubin

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 16;73(4):344. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

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November 2018
2 Reads

Fatty Acid Composition of the Erythrocyte Membranes Varies between Early-Term, Full-Term, and Late-Term Infants in Japan.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 14;73(4):335-343. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Graduate School of Human Life Science, Showa Women's University, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Term infants can be categorized into 3 sub-groups: early term (37w0d to 38w6d), full term (39w0d to 40w6d), and late term (41w0d and beyond). However, the fatty acid composition among the 3 groups of term infants has not been investigated. The association between fatty acid composition and gestational period of term infants in Japan is unclear. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

11th EFAD Conference, 2018 - Abstracts.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2018 Nov 14;73(4):323-334. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

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November 2018
2 Reads

A Prospective Study of Maternal Plasma Concentrations of Retinol-Binding Protein 4 and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 14;74(1):1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) concentrations, measured at the first prenatal visit, are associated with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: From July 2015 to June 2016, consecutive women who admitted to the obstetrics center of our hospital were included. At the first prenatal visit (the median gestational age was 6 [interquartile range 4-10] weeks) in the hospital, involved subjects were tested for fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and RBP4 using venous plasma samples collected after at least 8 h of fasting in the morning. Read More

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November 2018
11 Reads

28th Annual Congress of European Childhood Obesity Group (ECOG), Porto, November 14-17, 2018 - Selected Abstracts.

Authors:

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 13;73(4):310-322. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

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November 2018
1 Read

Effect of Salt Intake on the Serum Cardiotrophin-1 Levels in Chinese Adults.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 8;73(4):302-309. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an,

Background: Dietary sodium affects fluctuations in blood pressure (BP) and vascular function. Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a stress-induced cytokine that belongs to the interleukin 6 family, is released by cells in response to potentially harmful stresses and plays a pivotal role in congestive heart failure, hypertension and arterial stiffness. In this study, we performed a randomized trial to confirm the effects of altered salt intake on the serum CT-1 levels in humans. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494436
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November 2018
14 Reads

Association between Serum Copper and Serum Lipids in Adults.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 26;73(4):282-289. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Background: As an essential trace element, copper has been considered to play an important role in lipid metabolism. However, the associations of serum copper with lipid concentration and dyslipidemia are still controversial.

Methods: We used the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the relationship between serum copper and lipid concentration among participants aged 20 years and older. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494032
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October 2018
6 Reads

Assessment of the Effect of Dietary Modifications and Bioenteric Intragastric Balloon Treatment on the Changes of Some Morphological and Biochemical Parameters in Obese Patients.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 26;73(4):290-301. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Food Quality, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland.

Obesity is the most common disease of affluence of the XXI century. According to WHO (World Health Organization), it is defined as a chronic metabolic disorder manifested by excessive accumulation of adipose tissue with high tendency for familial occurrence. According to WHO, obesity reaches epidemic proportions in many countries. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493274
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October 2018
8 Reads

Reduced Serum Levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Are Related to Mild Cognitive Impairment in Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 11;73(4):271-281. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Endocrinology, Quanzhou First Hospital Affiliated to Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, China.

Background: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cognitive dysfunction. The present study sought to assess the role of serum levels of BDNF in the pathophysiological process of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a preclinical phase of dementia in 715 Chinese patients with T2DM.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from 715 patients with T2DM recruited from a Chinese diabetes center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493275DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads
2.620 Impact Factor

Cholesteryl Ester Transfer Protein Variant (RS1800777) with Liver Histology in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 5;73(4):265-270. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Clínico Universitario of Valladolid, Valladolid,

Introduction And Aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a spectrum of diseases ranging from simple steatosis without inflammation or fibrosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and in the Western countries has become one of the most prevalent chronic liver diseases related to metabolic and lipid alterations. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) participates in high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol metabolism. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of polymorphism (rs1800777) of CETP gene on liver histological changes, biochemical parameters, and serum adipokines levels in patients with NAFLD. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493552
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493552DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

FENS News.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2018 25;73(3):263-264. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493947
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493947DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

IUNS News.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2018 25;73(3):261-262. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493946
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493946DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Association Between Preoperative Vitamin D Status and Short-Term Physical Performance after Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective Study.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 25;73(3):252-260. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Physical Therapy, Gelderse Vallei Hospital, Ede, the Netherlands.

Background: Insufficient serum vitamin D concentrations (50-75 nmol/L) are prevalent in 40-65% of patients who require total hip arthroplasty (THA). This could impair physical recovery after surgery. This study investigated the association between preoperative vitamin D status and physical performance after THA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492938DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6214606PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Physical Activity Level Assessed by Accelerometer and PAQ-C in Tunisian Children.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 18;73(3):234-240. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Nutrition, Higher School of Sciences and Technology of Health, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Background: Physical activity (PA) is an important agent in the prevention of chronic diseases such as obesity.

Objectives: To provide preliminary data on PA among school children and to correlate the PA with weight status.

Material And Methods: A total of 40 children aged between 8 and 11 years and attending Tunisian schools were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492673DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

A National Document for Child Nutrition in Iran: A Vital Need.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 18;73(3):250-251. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Associate Professor, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492727DOI Listing
September 2018
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Fat-to-Lean Mass Ratio Can Predict Cardiac Events and All-Cause Mortality in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 18;73(3):241-249. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Republic of Korea.

Background: Although higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with better survival in patients undergoing dialysis, BMI is not an adequate obesity indicator. We hypothesized that the fat-to-lean (F/L) mass ratio could be a suitable marker of nutritional status and evaluated its prognostic impact on long-term outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD).

Methods: In total, 131 patients undergoing HD were recruited and monitored prospectively for up to 5 years. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492939
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492939DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

Compatibility of Intravenous Fat Emulsion with Antibiotics for Secondary Piggyback Infusion.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 13;73(3):227-233. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Osaka Ohtani University, Osaka, Japan.

Background: The Guidelines for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Japan state that parenteral fat emulsion can be infused through a secondary administration set. We tested the compatibility of fat emulsion with antibiotics in piggyback infusions in terms of changes in the size distribution of fat particles.

Methods: Test mixtures of 5% glucose solution, fat emulsion, and 25 antibiotic agents were prepared in the ratio appropriate for piggyback infusion (33: 10: 40) and analyzed serially for the number of fine particles by size using a light-shielded automatic fine particle counter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492940DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Focus/Summary.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 7;73 Suppl 1. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490606DOI Listing
September 2018
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Focus/Summary.

Authors:
Carlos Lifschitz

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 7;73 Suppl 1:19. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490608DOI Listing
September 2018
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Authors:
Cristina Campoy

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 7;73 Suppl 1:26. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490609DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read