2,562 results match your criteria Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism[Journal]


Should There Be a Comprehensive Independent Review of Infant Feeding Policymaking?

Authors:
Stewart Forsyth

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 Jun 26:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

School of Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508455DOI Listing

Upregulation of AGAT as a Possible Target in Molecular Nutrition.

Authors:
Sergej M Ostojic

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 Jun 24:1-2. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

FSPE Applied Bioenergetics Lab, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508275DOI Listing

Focus/Summary.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2019 22;75 Suppl 1. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508123DOI Listing

Focus/Summary.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2019 22;75 Suppl 1:19. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508120DOI Listing

Focus/Summary.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2019 22;75 Suppl 1:33. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508121DOI Listing

Focus/Summary.

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Ann Nutr Metab 2019 22;75 Suppl 1:43. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508122DOI Listing

Sleep and Early Brain Development.

Authors:
Fan Jiang

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75 Suppl 1:44-54. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Pediatric Translational Medicine Institute, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China,

The early years of life are characterized by dramatic developmental changes. Within this important time period lies the transition from newborn to childhood. Sleep is one of the primary activities of the brain during early development and plays an important role in healthy cognitive and psychosocial development in early life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508055DOI Listing

Young Brain - Big Appetite.

Authors:
Weili Lin

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75 Suppl 1:5-6. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Biomedical Research Imaging Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508056DOI Listing

Brain Fuel Utilization in the Developing Brain.

Authors:
Pascal Steiner

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75 Suppl 1:8-18. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Société des Produits Nestlé SA, Nestlé Research, Brain Health Department, Lausanne, Switzerland,

During pregnancy and infancy, the human brain is growing extremely fast; the brain volume increases significantly, reaching 36, 72, and 83% of the volume of adults at 2-4 weeks, 1 year, and 2 years of age, respectively, which is essential to establish the neuronal networks and capacity for the development of cognitive, motor, social, and emotional skills that will be continually refined throughout childhood and adulthood. Such dramatic changes in brain structure and function are associated with very large energetic demands exceeding by far those of other organs of the body. It has been estimated that during childhood the brain may account for up to 60% of the body basal energetic requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508054DOI Listing

Nutritional Factors in Fetal and Infant Brain Development.

Authors:
Carol L Cheatham

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75 Suppl 1:20-32. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience and Nutrition Research Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kannapolis, North Carolina, USA,

Fetal and infant brain development determine the trajectory of the organism across the lifespan. Optimal maternal and infant nutrition during the period of rapid brain development is vital to the integrity of the neural substrate for subsequent lifelong functions. The goal of this review is to educate the reader on the effects of fetal and infant nutrition on the developing human brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508052DOI Listing

Critical and Sensitive Periods in Development and Nutrition.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 18;75 Suppl 1:34-42. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA.

Critical or sensitive periods in the life of an organism during which certain experiences or conditions may exert disproportionate influence (either for harm or benefit) on long-term developmental outcomes have been the subject of investigation for over a century. This chapter reviews research in the context of the development of social preferences and sensory systems, with a summary of the criteria for defining such a period and the evidence necessary to establish its existence. The notion of nutritional programming, central to the Barker/Developmental Origins hypotheses of health and disease, represents a variant of the critical/sensitive period concept. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508053DOI Listing

Effect of Probiotics on Metabolic Syndrome.

Authors:
Tomoyuki Kawada

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 28;76(2):147-148. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507841DOI Listing

The rs11187533 C>T Variant of the FFAR4 Gene Is Associated with Lower Levels of Fasting Glucose and Decreases in Markers of Liver Injury in Children with Obesity.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 15;76(2):122-128. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain,

Introduction: Genetic factors can modulate the development of associated comorbidities in obesity. It has been shown that loss-of-function variants of the free fatty acid receptor 4 (FFAR4) gene negatively affect obesity comorbidities such as insulin resistance and fatty liver disease.

Objective: To test the relationships of metabolic factors in children with obesity with variants of the FFAR4 gene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506618DOI Listing

Dietary Intake of Sodium during Infancy and the Cardiovascular Consequences Later in Life: A Scoping Review.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 7;76(2):114-121. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands,

Background: High sodium intake is a leading cause of cardiovascular diseases in adults. Further, there is evidence that events in early life are predictors for health outcomes in later life. However, little is known about the impact of early sodium intake on (cardiovascular) health outcomes in later life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507354DOI Listing

Association of Exposure to Chinese Famine in Early Life with the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Adulthood.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 7;76(2):140-146. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China,

Objective: To explore the association of famine exposure in early life with the risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) in the -Chinese adults.

Methods: Data were obtained from the wave 2009 of the China Health and Nutrition Survey. MS was identified when 3 or more of the following components happened: (1) waist circumference >90 cm in males or >85 cm in females; (2) fasting glucose ≥6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507356DOI Listing

Energy Metabolism and Nutritional Status in Hospitalized Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 7;76(2):129-139. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Division of Clinical Nutrition, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Japan.

Introduction: Malnutrition is a factor that defines vital prognosis in chronic heart failure.

Objective: This study investigated nutritional and metabolic disorders in patients with heart failure by examining the association of severity of heart failure with inflammatory cytokines, appetite-regulating hormones, and energy metabolism.

Methods: Subjects were 50 patients with heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507355DOI Listing

Concerns with Vitamin D Supplementation and Synthesis for Cardiorespiratory Function.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 20;76(1):86. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Seichiryo Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507107DOI Listing
March 2020
2.618 Impact Factor

Tea Consumption Is Associated with Decreased Disease Activity of Rheumatoid Arthritis in a Real-World, Large-Scale Study.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 17;76(1):54-61. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China,

Introduction: The role of tea consumption on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been studied in recent years, but no clear conclusion has been drawn as a result of small sample size of the studies or the fact that only in vitro studies have been performed.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the possible association of tea consumption with RA through a large-scale, real-world study.

Methods: A total of 733 RA patients were investigated from June to December, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505952DOI Listing

Development and Validation of a Semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire to Assess Dietary Intake in 40-65-Year-Old Mexican Women.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 17;76(1):73-82. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands, IDISBA and CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition CB12/03/30038), Palma, Spain,

Background And Aims: Food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) have been widely used in epidemiologic studies since 1990s, but instruments need to be validated. The aim of this work was to create and assess the validity and reproducibility of an interview administered FFQ to be used in a Mexican women's bone health cohort study, located in Monterrey city, Mexico.

Methods: Validation of FFQ formed by 11 food groups and 136 food and beverage items was performed on 40-65-year-old Mexican women (n = 200) by applying 2 FFQ (test method) and six 24-h dietary recalls (24hR, reference method; 1 per season on weekdays and 2 on weekends). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506920DOI Listing

Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome Improved by Enteral Nutritional Therapy: A Retrospective Case-Series Study in a Single Institution.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 13;76(1):37-43. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of General Surgery, Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China,

Introduction: Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) is a relatively rare cause of chronic duodenal obstruction, owing to the compression of the third portion of the duodenum.

Objectives: This retrospective study aims to discuss the efficacy of enteral nutrition (EN) therapy in nutritional status and symptom improvement at a short-term follow-up for SMAS patients.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of patients diagnosed as SMAS and treated with EN from September 2012 to January 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506620DOI Listing

Exosomal miRNAs Profile in Children's Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and the Correlation with Transaminase and Uric Acid.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 13;76(1):44-53. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Division of Endocrinology, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health, Hangzhou, China,

Objective: The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children increased rapidly. However, the pathogenesis of NAFLD, especially how non-alcoholic fatty liver progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, is still unclear. This study aims to explore the exosomal miRNAs profiles and the underline pathogenesis of child NAFLD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506665DOI Listing

Association of Copeptin, a Surrogate Marker of Arginine Vasopressin, with Decreased Kidney Function in Sugarcane Workers in Guatemala.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 13;76(1):30-36. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Center for Health, Work, and Environment, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Background: Vasopressin is elevated in response to heat and dehydration and has been postulated to have a role in the chronic kidney disease of unknown origin being observed in Central America. The aims of this study were to examine whether the vasopressin pathway, as measured by copeptin, is associated with the presence of kidney dysfunction, and to examine whether higher fluid intake is associated with lower circulating copeptin and thereby preserves kidney health among sugarcane workers exposed to hot conditions.

Methods: Utilizing a longitudinal study of 105 workers in Guatemala, we examined relationships between hydration indices, plasma copeptin concentrations, and kidney function markers at 3 times during the 6-month harvest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506619DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212520PMC

Validity of the Use of a Triaxial Accelerometer and a Physical Activity Questionnaire for Estimating Total Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity Level among Elderly Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: CLEVER-DM Study.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 13;76(1):62-72. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Institute for Integrated Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: Evaluation of total energy expenditure (TEE) and physical activity level (PAL) is important for treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the validity of accelerometers (ACC) and physical activity questionnaires (PAQ) for estimating TEE and PAL remains unknown in elderly populations with T2DM. We evaluated the accuracy of TEE and PAL results estimated by an ACC (TEEACC and PALACC) and a PAQ (TEEPAQ and PALPAQ) in elderly patients with T2DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506223DOI Listing

Digital Food Marketing to Young People: A Substantial Public Health Challenge.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 26;76(1):6-9. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506413DOI Listing
February 2020

Mfsd2a Is Not Involved in the Iron Metabolism.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 25;76(1):83-85. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Department of Neurology, Xinqiao Hospital, The Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505588DOI Listing
February 2020

Autism Spectrum Disorder and the Gut Microbiota in Children: A Systematic Review.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 24;76(1):16-29. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Glasgow Children's Hospital, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom,

Introduction: Differences in microbiota composition in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to unaffected siblings and healthy controls have been reported in various studies. This study aims to systematically review the existing literature concerning the role of the gut microbiota in ASD.

Methods: An extensive literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases to identify studies (January 1966 through July 2019). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505363DOI Listing
January 2020

Olive Leaf (Olea europaea L. folium): Potential Effects on Glycemia and Lipidemia.

Ann Nutr Metab 2020 3;76(1):10-15. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey,

Background: Olive tree (Olea europaea, Oleaceae) leaves have been widely used in traditional herbal medicine to prevent and treat various diseases especially in Mediterranean countries. They contain several potentially bioactive compounds that may have hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties.

Summary: The literature has recently been attempting to define the relationship between olive leaf (Olea europaea L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505508DOI Listing
January 2020

Lean Body Mass and Endocrine Status But Not Age Are Determinants of Resting Energy Expenditure in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(4):223-230. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Department of Clinical Chemistry, Hôpital Cochin, HUPC, APHP, Paris, France.

Background: Cancer and aging are both frequently associated with malnutrition, a factor of poor prognosis. In adult cancer patients, this may be related in part to impaired energy metabolism, with higher than predicted resting energy expenditure (REE) in about 50% of patients. We hypothesized that frequently impaired energy metabolism in elderly patients could potentiate cancer-associated hypermetabolism, further promoting risk of malnutrition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504874DOI Listing
December 2019
2.618 Impact Factor

Sarcopenia is Associated with Perioperative Outcomes in Gastric Cancer Patients Undergoing Gastrectomy.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 17;75(4):213-222. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Department of Nutrition, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.

Background: Sarcopenia is a syndrome in which skeletal muscle reduction is the main manifestation of age-related and/or disease-related malnutrition associated with postoperative complications and mortality.

Objectives: The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between sarcopenia and postoperative complications as well as the nutrition risk of patients with gastric cancer (GC) who received gastrectomy. In addition, a comparative analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of total psoas muscle area (TPA) and skeletal muscle area (SMA) in sarcopenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504283DOI Listing
December 2019

Vitamin D Levels, Frequency of Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphisms, and Associations with Overweight and Asthma in Brazilian Schoolchildren.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 13;75(4):238-245. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Discipline of Allergy, Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil,

Background: In children, nutritional status of vitamin D (vitD), frequency of vitD receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and their associations with overweight and asthma remain controversial.

Objectives: To evaluate the nutritional status of vitD and the frequency of VDR gene polymorphisms, as well as identify their associations with nutritional status and asthma.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with schoolchildren (n = 262; mean age = 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504872DOI Listing
December 2019

FENS News.

Authors:

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 13;75(3):203. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505350DOI Listing
December 2019

IUNS News.

Authors:

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 13;75(3):201-202. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505349DOI Listing

Lack of Standardization in Commercial Thickeners Used in the Management of Dysphagia.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 6;75(4):246-251. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Department of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Science Graduate Program, Universidade Vila Velha, Vila Velha, Brazil,

Introduction: Oral feeding safety is necessary to provide nutrition, hydration, and eating pleasure for patients with dysphagia. Commercial thickeners are prescribed for these patients to change food viscosity and may alter the proper preparation of modified food.

Objective: Analyze composition, employed terminology, preparation instructions, recommended amount and weight of provided measuring spoons, nutritional information, and viscosity of 7 commercial thickeners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504334DOI Listing
December 2019

Infant Feeding and Conflict of Interest: A Healthcare Perspective.

Authors:
Stewart Forsyth

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 4;75(4):252-255. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

School of Medicine, University of Dundee, Retired Medical Director and Consultant Paediatrician, Dundee, United Kingdom,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504775DOI Listing
December 2019

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Body Composition and Physical Fitness in Healthy Adults: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 4;75(4):231-237. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China,

Introduction: This study aimed to clarify whether 1 year of vitamin D3 supplementation has a direct effect on body composition and physical fitness in healthy adults.

Methods: Ninety-five participants randomly received either 420 IU vitamin D3 per day (n = 48) or placebo (n = 47) in a double-blind manner for 1 year. Lean body mass and percentage body fat were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504873DOI Listing
December 2019

Serum Asprosin Concentrations Are Increased and Associated with Insulin Resistance in Children with Obesity.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 27;75(4):205-212. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Department of Pediatrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China,

Objective: Asprosin, a novel peptide that has recently discovered as an important regulatory adipokine, is relevant to obesity in animals and adult humans. Little is known about its roles in children. The aim of the current study was to determine the potential role of asprosin and explore its relationship to various obesity-related markers in children with obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503808DOI Listing
November 2019

Waist-to-Height Ratio Is a Better Predictor of Hyperuricemia than Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in Chinese.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(3):187-194. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China,

Objective: Our study aimed to compare the predictive value of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) for hyperuricemia with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC).

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 9,206 South China residents (male/female: 4,433/4,773) aged 18-89 years recruited during years 2009-2010 and 2014-2015. Anthropometric measurements, serum uric acid, blood pressure, and plasma glucose, lipid, lipoprotein, and transferase levels were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504282DOI Listing

Towards a Multi-Dimensional Index of Child Growth to Combat the Double Burden of Malnutrition.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):123-126. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Faculty of Art and Social Sciences, Open University, London, United Kingdom.

Background: There is growing awareness in the field of public health that combatting the double burden of malnutrition requires approaches that address its multi-dimensional origin, rather than focusing primarily on the biomedical domain. Current frameworks of malnutrition like the UNICEF conceptual framework, and the Lancet Series 2013 framework have been instrumental in understanding the determinants of malnutrition and developing appropriate interventions. However, these frameworks fail to explicitly address issues of agency, that is, about being able to pursue one's goal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503670DOI Listing
November 2019

Translational and Implementation Research to Bridge Evidence and Implementation.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):144-148. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Sight and Life Foundation, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: The role of science in guiding interventions and programs and contributing to progress in achieving global targets is undeniable. In public health nutrition, biological research in the past century focused largely on single nutrients and provided the basis for addressing nutritional deficiencies. This focus has now expanded to consider evidence including, but not limited, to knowledge about food, diet, behavior, context, and culture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503675DOI Listing
November 2019

The Double Burden of Malnutrition: Research Agenda for Reversing Global Trends.

Authors:
Daniel Hoffman

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):149-152. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Program in International Nutrition, New Jersey Institute for Food, Nutrition, and Health, Center for Childhood Nutrition Research, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA,

The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is becoming more prevalent throughout the world, but most alarming is the fact that it is also prevalent in lower-income countries, those with limited research and policy funding. To that end, a number of research gaps have been identified related to the biology, research methodologies/data systems, and programs and policies that could be improved to best address the DBM across the globe, especially in diverse settings with limited resources. Clearly, understanding the biology of the DBM is fundamental to developing policies, but research needs to become more interdisciplinary and communicate better with policymakers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503676DOI Listing
November 2019

Assessing Breastfeeding Practices Objectively Using Stable Isotope Techniques.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):109-113. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

An objective method of assessing breastfeeding practices is required to evaluate progress toward the World Health Organization Global Target 2025: to increase exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates in the first 6 months to at least 50% by 2025. Currently, assessment of EBF at the population level is based on mother or caregiver reporting, which risks recall and social desirability bias. A more objective method is the deuterium oxide dose to mother (DTM) technique, in which lactating mothers are given a small amount of deuterium-labeled water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503667DOI Listing
November 2019

Regional Overview on the Double Burden of Malnutrition and Examples of Program and Policy Responses: Latin America and the Caribbean.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):139-143. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Coordination of Food and Nutrition, Ministry of Health, Brasilia, Brazil.

Background: Hunger, food insecurity, stunting, anemia, overweight, and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) may coexist in the same person, household, and community in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is an important cause of disability and premature death, which could be addressed with comprehensive policies such as the Plan of Action for the Prevention of Obesity in Children and Adolescents. This paper summarizes the main policies and actions aimed to prevent undernutrition and obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503674DOI Listing
November 2019
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Regional Overview on Maternal Nutrition and Examples of Health System Programme and Policy Responses: Asia and the Pacific.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):131-134. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.

Background: The double burden of malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific is driving a renewed focus on maternal malnutrition.

Summary: Though adverse consequences of maternal malnutrition have been long recognized, there is slow progress in addressing nutritional problems of women/adolescent girls. Coverage and quality of current maternal nutrition interventions, mostly delivered through antenatal care programmes vary across countries, and are often sub-optimum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503672DOI Listing
November 2019
2.618 Impact Factor

Regional Overview on Maternal and Child Nutrition and Examples of Nutrition Governance and Policy Responses: Europe, Central Asia and Eastern Mediterranean Regions.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):135-138. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.

The Eastern Mediterranean Regions and Europe and Central Asia Regions are facing an epidemiological and nutrition transition, especially among vulnerable groups including mothers, children and adolescents. This has led to a double burden of malnutrition (DBM). Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF), poor dietary diversity, excessive consumption of energy dense unhealthy foods, a growing obesogenic environment for children, including aggressive marketing of unhealthy foods for children, and reduced physical activity are among the main causes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503673DOI Listing
November 2019
2.618 Impact Factor

Strengthened Data Systems to Mitigate the Double Burden of Malnutrition: The Role of Stable Isotope Technique-Derived Nutrition Indicators.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):119-122. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Division of Human Health, Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria.

Indicators reflecting the double burden of malnutrition are rarely measured in nutrition surveys and are needed to strengthen national data systems. Indicators such as body composition reflect both metabolic response to undernutrition and obesity risk and nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases. Stable isotope techniques (SITs) provide accurate data on body composition, exclusive breastfeeding and vitamin A status that are otherwise problematic with routine methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503669DOI Listing
November 2019

Regional Overview on the Double Burden of Malnutrition and Examples of Program and Policy Responses: African Region.

Ann Nutr Metab 2019 19;75(2):127-130. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Health, North Western University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) with high levels of undernutrition and a growing burden of overweight/obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Undernourishment in sub-Saharan Africa increased between 2010 and 2016. Although the prevalence of chronic undernutrition is decreasing, the number of stunted children under 5 years of age is increasing due to population growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503671DOI Listing
November 2019