174 results match your criteria Annals of Ibadan postgraduate medicine[Journal]


NECROTURIA WITH ACUTE URINARY RETENTION: A RARE PRESENTATION OF BILATERAL WILMS' TUMOUR.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):73-75

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Lagos State University, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria.

Background: Wilms' tumour is one of the most common solid abdominal tumours in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Most cases present with an asymptomatic abdominal mass. We report a 2 year old male child who presented with acute urinary retention of 6 hours duration. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143887PMC

TERATOMA IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTH-EAST NIGERIA: A FIFTEENYEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY AT FETHA, ABAKALIKI, EBONYI STATE.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):69-72

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Any neoplastic growth within a tissue or an organ harboring components derived from more than one germ layer is called a teratoma. Teratoma may be monodermal or polydermal in origin and they can also be classified as mature or immature teratomas. In a retrospective study of teratomas histologically diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA), Ebonyi State, the entire specimens received at the Department for histological assessment over a fifteen-year period (2000-2014), was 6,548. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143882PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

LUDWIG'S ANGINA: AN ANALYSIS OF CASES SEEN AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):61-68

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Ludwig's angina (LA) is defined as a rapidly spreading cellulitis involving submandibular, sublingual and submental tissue spaces bilaterally and simultaneously.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the causes, complications, duration of hospital stay and outcome of cases that presented within a 2- year period in the University College Hospital Ibadan and reviewing the management protocols used for such cases.

Materials And Methods: All cases of LA seen in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from January 2015 to December 2016 were studied. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143880PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

FACTORS INFLUENCING HEALTH-SEEKING BEHAVIOUR AMONG CIVIL SERVANTS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):52-60

Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Health-seeking behaviours (HSB) are closely linked with the health status of a nation and thus its economic development. Several studies have described HSB within the context of various diseases. However, knowledge of HSB among population sub-groups is still scanty. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143883PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

CASE FINDING OF HYPERTENSION AT A SECONDARY HEALTH CARE FACILITY IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA.

Authors:
I A Azeez B O Yusuf

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):44-51

Department of Environmental Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Background: The prevalence of hypertension is higher in Semi-urban areas than in rural areas. There is a rising prevalence of hypertension in developing countries. Significant independent association has been found between age, family history and prevalence of hypertension according to the literature. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143890PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

DETERMINANTS OF CHOICE OF HEALTH FACILITY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MORBIDITY BY FEMALE TRADERS IN A NIGERIAN CITY.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):37-43

Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Reproductive health (RH) services are important to reduce reproductive morbidity and mortality. This is only possible if such services are used. Knowledge of the determinants of choice health facility for reproductive morbidity is useful to design interventions aimed at increasing utilization of RH services. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143889PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE AND ETIOLOGICAL CORRELATES AMONG NIGERIAN ADULTS AT OGBOMOSO.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):30-36

Department of Family Medicine, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder globally but the prevalence and severity of symptoms and complications do have ethnic and geographic variations.

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among adults in Ogbomoso, Southwest Nigeria, and the risk factors associated with it.

Methodology: The study was a hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional survey. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143881PMC
June 2018
16 Reads

A QUALITATIVE STUDY ON PSYCHOSOCIAL HAZARDS AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN A TERTIARY HEALTH FACILITY IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):23-29

Department of Community Medicine, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Background: Psychosocial hazards pose a great threat to the mental health of health care workers. There is a dearth of research on this type of hazard in hospital settings in Nigeria.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the psychosocial hazards and the corresponding risks among health care workers in a tertiary health facility in Rivers State. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143885PMC

DETERMINANTS OF FAMILY SIZE AMONG MEN IN SLUMS OF IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):12-22

Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Background: Fertility, particularly as it pertains to the role of men as decision makers is important with respect to demographic transition theory. Studies have explored fertility preferences of men but very little has been done with regard to fertility preferences amongst men from the slums. The aim of this study was to investigate drivers of family sizes among the urban slum households in Ibadan of South-West Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143888PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

PATTERN OF PRESENTATION OF ORAL ULCERATIONS IN PATIENTS ATTENDING AN ORAL MEDICINE CLINIC IN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):9-11

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Aim: This study aimed at describing the epidemiology and pattern of presentation of oral ulcerations among patients seen in Oral Medicine clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Complex, Ile-Ife.

Methodology: This study was a retrospective cohort study of all cases that presented with oral ulcers in the oral medicine clinic between May 2015 and May 2017. The clinical diagnosis of oral ulcers was based on the WHO guidelines for oral mucosa diagnosis. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143886PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA TO ENHANCE THE IMPACT OF PUBLISHED PAPERS.

Authors:
O F Fagbule

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):1-2

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143884PMC
June 2018
10 Reads

DEVELOPMENT OF A TOOL FOR DISPELLING MYTHS ASSOCIATED WITH NATAL/NEONATAL TEETH: "" A HEALTH EDUCATION VIDEO IN A NATIVE NIGERIAN LANGUAGE.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):137-141

Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Studies have revealed that Nigerians irrespective of social class have negative attitudes and practices towards children born with natal teeth and those who erupt teeth within the first 30 days of life. This has been associated with the strong cultural myths and beliefs that exist among the populace. Children with natal teeth and their families have been stigmatized and are believed to be cursed. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846177PMC
December 2017

LIVER CIRRHOSIS FROM AUTOIMMUNE HEPATITIS IN A NIGERIAN WOMAN: A CASE REPORT.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):133-136

Department of Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare cause of chronic liver disease (CLD). It presents with varied clinical features from acute hepatitis to CLDs like chronic viral hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease, making it difficult to diagnose in the absence of a high index of suspicion and adequate laboratory support. Autoantibody-mediated hepatocyte injury is the major feature of AIH. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846176PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

A CASE REPORT OF PREMENARCHIAL TRANSVERSE VAGINAL SEPTUM AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):130-132

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Premenarchial Transverse vaginal septum is a benign condition. The septum may be found in the upper, middle or lower vagina. A case report of a premenarchial girl with transverse vaginal septum managed at the university college hospital, Ibadan, in January 2009. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846175PMC
December 2017

THE ROLE OF EMPLOYERS IN FACILITATING SMOKING CESSATION AMONG STAFF: PERSPECTIVE OF DRIVERS IN A NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):124-129

Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Several interventions have been instituted to encourage smoking cessation among smokers. Many adults are currently working and spend several hours a day at work. Employers thus have a role to play in encouraging staff who smoke to quit. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846174PMC
December 2017

PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF PREDIABETES AMONG ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF OF A TERTIARY HEALTH CENTRE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):114-123

Department of Family Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Introduction: Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have blood glucose levels higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes mellitus. Inadequate moderate-intensity physical activity, amidst other risk factors, is a well-documented risk factor for prediabetes. Hospital administrative staff can be particularly vulnerable to prediabetes because of the greater number of hours spent in a sitting or sedentary position during administrative duties. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846173PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

CLINICO-PATHOLOGIC REVIEW OF BIOPSIED TONGUE LESIONS IN A NIGERIAN TERTIARY HOSPITAL.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):109-113

Department of Oral Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Varying pathologic conditions can affect the tongue for which the pattern of occurrence may differ. The aim of this study was to review the clinico-pathologic features of histologically diagnosed cases of tongue lesions that presented in our hospital over a 21 years period.

Materials And Methods: Data on habits, class of lesion, histological diagnosis, age, gender, and site distributions were analyzed using descriptive frequencies, ranges and means ± SD. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846172PMC
December 2017

PERCEPTION AND UTILIZATION OF ORAL HISTOPATHOLOGY SERVICES BY GENERAL PRACTICE DENTIST IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):103-108

Dept. of Oral Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Oral histopathology services are oral diagnostic procedures. General Dental Practitioners (GDPs) are routinely exposed to oral lesions that require biopsies. Hence, the study's objective of assessing the perception and the utilization of oral histopathology services by GDPs. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846171PMC
December 2017

MANAGING TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISLOCATION IN IBADAN: A REVIEW OF 11 CASES.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):96-102

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Aim: The study presents a case series which evaluates the presentation, management and outcome of TMJ dislocation in a tertiary health centre in Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: Case review of 11 patients with TMJ dislocation seen in the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan over a period of 10 years. The criteria for the diagnosis of TMJ dislocation were based on history, clinical examination and radiologic findings. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846181PMC
December 2017

MISSED OPPORTUNITIES FOR INTERMITTENT PREVENTIVE TREATMENT FOR MALARIA IN PREGNANCY IN NIGERIA: EVIDENCE FROM DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEY IN NIGERIA 2013.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):88-95

Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Malaria is of global health concern particularly among pregnant women. Nigeria contributes largely to global burden but coverage of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of malaria in pregnancy using Sulphadoxine pyrimethamine remains low. This study was conducted to determine the national situation of missed opportunity for IPTp-SP and attempted to look at correlates and predictors. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846180PMC
December 2017

ASSESSMENT OF MEASURES OF ADIPOSITY THAT CORRELATE WITH BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE AFRICANS.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):82-87

Dept. of Public Health Sciences, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, USA.

Background: Studies differ on which anthropometric measure of adiposity shows good correlation with cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we evaluated the effects of common epidemiological measures of adiposity as a correlate of elevated blood pressure in an African population.

Methodology: The study was carried out between June 2009 and December 2011 at the medical out-patient department of a tertiary healthcare center in Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846179PMC
December 2017

MAKING A CASE FOR MORE CASE REPORTS.

Authors:
O F Fagbule

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):80-81

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846178PMC
December 2017

SCHISTOSOMIASIS PRESENTING AS COLONIC POLYPOID MASSES IN A NIGERIAN PATIENT.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):61-64

Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Intestinal Schistosomiasis is a serious disease and is commonly produced by and . The presence of viable ova of the organism in the colon elicits inflammation, formation of granuloma, ulcers, haemorrhage and colonic fibrosis with subsequent longterm sequelae. Schistosoma mansoni is endemic in the Middle East, Africa, Central and South America. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598446PMC
June 2017
1 Read

A CASE OF COMPOUND INTUSSUSCEPTIONS IN A NIGERIAN CHILD - A RARE FINDING IN A COMMON DISEASE.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):57-60

Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Intussusception is the most common, non-congenital, cause of intestinal obstruction in infants. There are various patterns of intussusception seen in children with the most common being ileo-colic variety. Compound intussusception in which intussusception involves more than one non-adjacent segment is a rare finding in the literature and it can be associated with worse morbidity than typically occurs, especially in a region where delayed presentation is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in the treatment of intestinal obstruction. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598445PMC
June 2017
2 Reads

FACTORS INFLUENCING CHOICE OF ORAL HYGIENE PRODUCTS BY DENTAL PATIENTS IN A NIGERIAN TEACHING HOSPITAL.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):51-56

Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Background: Several factors, such as cost, branding, packaging and family influence, had been implicated as influencing the choice of toothpastes and toothbrushes by individuals. Media advertisement is also considered a very strong factor influencing consumer's choice.

Aim: To assess the extent to which some factors influenced the choice of toothpastes and toothbrushes among dental patients in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598444PMC
June 2017
3 Reads

ATTITUDES OF MEDICAL STUDENTS TOWARDS TAKING PART-TIME JOBS: A STUDY AMONGST FIRST YEAR CLINICAL STUDENTS OF THE COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):45-50

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan. Nigeria.

Background: Student part-time jobs are employments taken up by students while in school. Students in tertiary institutions do engage in part-time jobs because of the associated benefits. Some of these benefits include work experience, independence, financial support, and job satisfaction. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598442PMC
June 2017
3 Reads

CERVICAL LYMPHADENOPATHY IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):41-44

Department of Pathology, University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria.

Aim: To determine the pattern and causes of lymph node enlargement of cervical region in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: A 10-year (2003-2012) retrospective study was conducted on all head and neck lymph node biopsies received at the Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Results: A total of 101 lymph node biopsies of cervical region were received within this period of study. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598441PMC
June 2017
5 Reads

PATTERN OF REFERRALS OF HEAD INJURY TO THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN.

Authors:
A O Adeleye

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):34-40

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, and University College Hospital, UCH, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Although there are now many neurosurgical units in Nigeria, cases of head injury (HI) continue to present in the University College Hospital, UCH, Ibadan, from hospitals all over the country.

Objective: This report aims to highlight the contemporary patterns of referrals of cases of head injury for neurosurgery in Ibadan.

Method: The study emanated from an analysis of registry of cases of head injury managed in our practice covering a 7-year period at the UCH Ibadan. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598440PMC
June 2017
2 Reads

OUTBREAK OF CEREBROSPINAL MENINGITIS IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):23-28

Epidemiogy Unit, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State.

Background: Cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM), is a major public health problem still affecting tropical countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Group A and occasionally group C account for large scale epidemics in many countries in the African meningitis belt. The study aimed to describe the pattern of cerebrospinal meningitis outbreak in Kebbi state in 2015. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598438PMC

HAND HYGIENE PRACTICES POST EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE OUTBREAK IN A NIGERIAN TEACHING HOSPITAL.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):16-22

Department of Family Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Introduction: Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a highly contagious viral infection that requires a high risk perception and practice of good hand hygiene by regular hand washing or use of hand sanitizers for infection control at all time. The declaration of Nigeria as an Ebola-free country by the World Health Organization on the 20th of October, 2014 has prompted many Nigerians, including healthcare workers, to discontinue the regular practice of good hand hygiene which was commonplace during the EVD outbreak.

Objective: The study assessed hand hygiene practices for infection control after the West African Ebola virus disease outbreak in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598437PMC
June 2017
54 Reads

PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF STUNTING AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN RURAL AND URBAN COMMUNITIES IN OBAFEMI OWODE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Jun;15(1):7-15

Dept. of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan.

Background: Studies on stunting in children have largely focused on the underfive, establishing it as a strong predictor of mortality in these children. Few studies have documented the prevalence or determinants of stunting among school children in southwestern Nigeria. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of stunting among selected primary school children in rural and urban communities of Obafemi Owode Local Government Area, Ogun State. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5598447PMC
June 2017
1 Read

BOOK APPRAISAL: HISTORY OF DENTISTRY IN NIGERIA.

Authors:
O S Michael

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2016 Jun;14(1):44-46

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

The book appraised in this edition of Chronicles of Medical History, History of Dentistry in Nigeria, is a product of many years of painstaking research. The Author, Professor Eyitope Ogunbodede, has put together an excellent book that is a great work of art. Dentistry is one of the first specialties in medicine with a very long history; evidence of periodontal disease has been traced back to at least 100, 000 years in human remains. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049602PMC

A CASE REPORT OF SUSPECTED ANGIOEDEMA IN A CHILD AFTER ADMINISTRATION OF MEBENDAZOLE, COTRIMOXAZOLE AND LEAF EXTRACTS.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2016 Jun;14(1):41-43

Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan.

Adverse drug reactions in children are an important public health problem. Children are at a higher risk of developing adverse drug reactions as they seldom express their own drug therapy experiences. Factors that have been implicated include polypharmacy especially with anti-infective and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; also concomitant use of traditional medicines which is prevalent in some cultures. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049601PMC

THE COST MINIMIZATION ANALYSIS OF AN OUTREACH DENTAL SERVICE: A PILOT STUDY AT AKINYELE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2016 Jun;14(1):35-40

Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Access to dental services improves oral health and thereby, overall general health. For people with limited or no access to oral health care services, outreach dental services may be used to reduce oral health inequality. There is however paucity of information on the economic analysis of outreach dental services in sub Saharan Africa. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049600PMC

OUTCOME OF LAPAROTOMY FOR PERITONITIS IN 302 CONSECUTIVE PATIENTS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2016 Jun;14(1):30-34

Department of Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Peritonitis is a life-threatening condition and requires urgent surgical management. Despite improvements in the care of patients with peritonitis, its management is still challenging and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine factors influencing the outcome in patients managed for peritonitis in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049599PMC

ADVERSE EVENTS TO FIRST LINE ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS DRUGS IN PATIENTS CO-INFECTED WITH HIV AND TUBERCULOSIS.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2016 Jun;14(1):21-29

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: The combination and use of multiple drugs in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) predispose to adverse drug events and reactions. This study evaluated the incidence, frequency, and severity of adverse events to first line anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) drugs in patients with TB and co-infections with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of HIV status on the risk of developing adverse events to first line anti-TB therapy. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049598PMC

MEDICATION HISTORY DOCUMENTATION IN REFERRAL LETTERS OF CHILDREN PRESENTING AT THE EMERGENCY UNIT OF A TEACHING HOSPITAL IN LAGOS, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2016 Jun;14(1):13-20

Dept. of Pharmacology, Therapeutics and Toxicology, College of Medicine University of Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: Medical literature has demonstrated that referral hospitals often receive inadequate information about the care and medications their patients received from referring hospitals.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the completeness of referral letters, especially the medication history, for patient presenting at the children emergency room of a teaching hospital in Lagos, Nigeria.

Method: A pro forma form was developed to obtain from the referral letters the demographic information of children referred to the emergency room of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Idiaraba, over a period of three months. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049597PMC

EFFECT OF A ROAD SAFETY EDUCATION INTERVENTION ON ROAD SAFETY KNOWLEDGE OF UNIVERSITY DRIVERS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2016 Jun;14(1):6-12

Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: It is essential for drivers employed in the formal sector to have good knowledge of road safety in order to safeguard their lives and those of the staff they are employed to drive. The study was conducted to determine the effect of a road safety education intervention on road safety knowledge of drivers employed in the University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Method: A quasi-experimental study of 98 intervention and 78 control drivers selected using a cluster sampling technique was conducted. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049603PMC

EDITORIAL.

Authors:
W A Adedeji

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2016 Jun;14(1)

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049596PMC

PERCUTANEOUS LAPAROSCOPIC TROCAR DRAINAGE OF HEPATIC ABSCESS IN A SICKLE CELL DISEASE PATIENT - A CASE REPORT.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Dec;13(2):110-2

Department of Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Hepatic abscess as a manifestation of sickle cell disease is rare. A 25 year old Nigerian male with sickle cell disease presented with right sided upper abdominal pain, fever, massive hepatomegaly, neutrophilic leucocytosis and mildly deranged liver enzymes. Sonographic findings were a large thin walled right hepatic lobe abscess; with an estimated volume of 2000ml. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853877PMC
December 2015

POLYCYSTIC OVARIES: A COMMON FEATURE IN TRANSVAGINAL SCANS OF GYNAECOLOGICAL PATIENTS.

Authors:
F A Bello A O Odeku

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Dec;13(2):108-9

Adeola Odeku Ultrasound Centre, Kongi, New Bodija, Ibadan, Nigeria.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853876PMC
December 2015

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND CONTROL PRACTICES OF SICKLE CELL DISEASE AMONG YOUTH CORPS MEMBERS IN BENIN CITY, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Dec;13(2):100-7

Dept. of Haematology & Blood Transfusion, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State.

Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a major public health problem in Nigeria. Carrier prevalence is about 25% and it affects about 2 - 3% of the Nigerian population. The disease runs a chronic course, characterized by recurrent ill-health, progressive organ damage and shortened life-span. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853875PMC
December 2015
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ADULT ABDOMINAL WALL HERNIA IN IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Dec;13(2):94-9

Department of Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Abdominal wall hernias are very common diseases encountered in surgical practice. Groin hernia is the commonest type of abdominal wall hernias. There are several methods of hernia repair but tension-free repair (usually with mesh) offers the least recurrent rate. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853882PMC
December 2015

CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND OUTCOME OF PATIENTS WITH UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING AT THE EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Dec;13(2):89-93

Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a potentially life threatening condition with multiple causes. There is scarcity of health data depicting the clinical characteristics of the condition in African countries. This study was designed to describe the demographic, clinical characteristics and outcome of the patients who presented to our Emergency Department. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853881PMC
December 2015

NORMAL VALUES OF KEY PINCH STRENGTH IN A HEALTHY NIGERIAN POPULATION.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Dec;13(2):84-8

Department of Surgery, University of Ibadan, Ibadan; Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: With the severity of machine hand injuries in our environment, the need to determine the normal values for key pinch strength with which to compare restorative surgeries was justified.

Method: A cross sectional survey of participants who had no previous hand injuries limiting hand function. Data obtained included age, gender, body mass index, hand dominance and hand span. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853880PMC
December 2015

VITAMIN B12 LEVELS IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS ON METFORMIN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Dec;13(2):79-83

Department of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Due to the clinical benefits of metformin, its associated side effects such as vitamin B12 deficiency are usually overlooked and rarely investigated.

Objective: This study was carried out to determine the serum level of vitamin B12 in Nigerian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on metformin.

Methods: Serum vitamin B12 level was determined using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in 81 T2DM patients who have been on metformin for 5 years or more. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853879PMC
December 2015

COMPARATIVE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF CEFIXIME AND CIPROFLOXACIN IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ADULTS WITH COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Authors:
O M Ige A O Okesola

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Dec;13(2):72-8

Dept. of Medical Micro. & Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Initial antibiotic therapy in upper and lower respiratory tract infections is usually empirical. However, the decreasing susceptibility of respiratory pathogens to antibacterials have raised concerns about the decreasing efficacy of currently available antibiotics.

Objective: This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of cefixime and ciprofloxacin in the empirical treatment of community-acquired pneumonia among adult Nigerian patients in Ibadan. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4853878PMC
December 2015

FIRST REPORTS OF CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS IN NIGERIA.

Authors:
O S Michael

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2015 Jun;13(1):48-53

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan.

The German Friedrich Hartmut Dost (1910-1985) introduced the word Pharmacokinetics. Clinical pharmacokinetics is the direct application of knowledge regarding a drug's pharmacokinetics to a therapeutic situation in an individual or a population. It is the basis of therapeutic drug monitoring with the ultimate goal of keeping drugs safe. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4715373PMC