203 results match your criteria Annals of Ibadan postgraduate medicine[Journal]


ADELOLA ADELOYE: QUINTESSENTIAL NEUROLOGICAL SURGEON, NEUROLOGIST, DISTINGUISHED ACADEMIC, MEDICAL HISTORIAN, AND BIOGRAPHER.

Authors:
B M Idowu

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):85-91

Union Diagnostics and Clinical Services, Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria.

Adelola Adeloye (formerly Rufus Bandele Adelola Adeloye) is the second Nigerian doctor to qualify as a Neurological surgeon in 1967, having trained in Nigeria, United Kingdom and the United States of America. He worked with the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and the University College Hospital, Ibadan as an academic Neurosurgeon and honorary Consultant Neurosurgeon, respectively from 1968 to 1995. He subsequently took up appointments in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Malawi where he served in various capacities. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871196PMC

A PILOT TRIAL OF THE IMPACT OF FINANCIAL INCENTIVE ON THE UTILIZATION OF DENTAL SERVICES AMONG CIVIL SERVANTS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Authors:
O T Alade F B Lawal

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):81-94

Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Financial constraints have been reported as major barriers to utilization of dental services in developing countries. It is however unknown if financial incentives will improve dental service utilization among civil servants in Nigeria.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of financial incentive on the utilization of dental services among civil servants in Ibadan, Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871207PMC

MANAGEMENT OF DENTAL CARIES WITH ATRAUMATIC RESTORATIVE TREATMENT UNDER FIELD CONDITION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):75-80

Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Dental caries is a common disease in children, which results in tooth loss if not treated. Children in suburban Nigerian communities have a high unmet treatment need index for caries, due to limited access to dental services.

Objective: To provide atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) as a field treatment for dental caries and assess the acceptability of this approach to pupils. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871208PMC

LATE THIRD TRIMESTER ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSIS OF DUODENAL ATRESIA - THE IMPORTANCE OF DETAILED PRENATAL ULTRASOUND SCREENING.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):71-74

Department of Radiology, University College Hospital, Ibadan. Oyo State, Nigeria.

Duodenal atresia (DA) is the commonest type of congenital small bowel obstruction usually presenting in the neonatal period. About half of fetuses with duodenal atresia have other associated anomalies, and these associations often contribute to morbidity and mortality. DA can be fatal unless promptly diagnosed and treated surgically. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871197PMC

DENTURE IMPACTION IN THE OESOPHAGUS: CORRELATION OF SITE AND DURATION OF IMPACTION WITH SEQUELAE.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):65-70

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Denture restores aesthesis and function of missing teeth. Accidentally swallowed denture is an otorhinolaryngology emergency. The types of denture base and oesophageal anatomy infuluence the site of impaction. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871204PMC

BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL AMONG HYPERTENSIVE SUBJECTS IN DUTSE, NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):59-64

Department of Internal Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano.

Aim: Background: High blood pressure is an independent risk factor for cerebrovascular, renal and cardiovascular disease. According to World Health Organization treatment to target Blood Pressure (BP) of <140/90 mmHg has been associated with decrease in morbidity and mortality. Despite this BP control has been very poor even in developed economies. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871200PMC

ATTITUDE AND WILLINGNESS OF INFERTILE PERSONS TOWARDS THE UPTAKE OF ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):51-58

Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Introduction: In most developing countries, the joy of every married man and woman is to procreate and raise children of their own. However, this desire does not always find fulfilment among some couples because of primary or secondary infertility. The majority who experience this condition live in developing countries where fertility services including Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) are not always available. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871203PMC

REFRACTIVE ERRORS AMONG CHILDREN ATTENDING A TERTIARY EYE FACILITY IN IBADAN, NIGERIA: HIGHLIGHTING THE NEED FOR SCHOOL EYE HEALTH PROGRAMS.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):49-59

Dept. of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: It is estimated that 19 million children aged below 15 years are visually impaired globally. Twelve million of these are due to uncorrected refractive errors. The aim of this study was to describe the pattern of refractive errors seen in children attending the eye clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871198PMC

CERVICAL SPINAL CORD INJURY FROM A VEHICULAR ACCIDENTAL NEAR HANGING INJURY AND NECK MANIPULATIONS.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):39-44

Department of Neurological Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Spinal cord injury is a global problem. It is a devastating life altering condition that is associated with permanent disability and reduced life expectancy. Road traffic accident has been described in global literature as the commonest aetiology and second to it is falls. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871205PMC

HAEMATOLOGICAL PROFILE AND BLOOD TRANSFUSION PATTERN OF PATIENTS WITH SICKLE CELL ANAEMIA VARY WITH SPLEEN SIZE.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):30-38

Department of Radiology, College of Medicine University of Ibadan. Nigeria.

Background: The spleen serves critical haematological and immunological functions in the body. However it is also the first organ to be affected by the effects of sickling in sickle cell anaemia. While the splenic size has been evaluated in sickle cell anaemia, the spleen sizes of these patients has not been associated with any specific haematological pattern. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871206PMC

AN ASSESSMENT OF DENTAL CARE PRACTICES AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF ADELEKE UNIVERSITY, EDE, OSUN STATE, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):24-29

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Adeleke University, Ede, Osun State.

Background: Dental care is an important aspect of oral health which deals with the maintenance of healthy teeth and it is an important aspect of general oral health. Dental care practices include regular tooth brushing and flossing, healthy nutritional habits and regular visits to the dentists.

Objective: This was to determine the practice of dental hygiene among undergraduate students of Adeleke University. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871209PMC

SECONDARY OVARIAN NEOPLASMS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):19-23

Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: The ovary is a common site of involvement for metastases constituting 5-30% of all malignant ovarian neoplasms. Over half of these tumours are bilateral. The commonest sources are stomach, large bowel, appendix, breast, uterus (corpus and cervix) and lung. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871210PMC

HEARING LOSS AMONG ADOLESCENTS ON ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY: A NEED FOR PERIODIC HEARING ASSESSMENT.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):14-18

BSA Speech and Hearing Consult, Lagos.

Aim: Background: Human immunodeficiency virus-infected adolescents have insufficient CD4 T cell count, and despite attaining viral suppression with HAART regimen, some experience significant hearing loss.

Objective: To determine the association between the hearing thresholds in HIV-positive adolescent on highly active antiretroviral therapy and CD4 T cell count.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 63 adolescents receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy had pure tone audiometry and hearing thresholds determined using standard method. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871199PMC

SERUM TOTAL IgG AND TETANUS SPECIFIC IgG IN NIGERIAN HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS INFECTED PRIMIGRAVIDAE AND THE CORD BLOOD OF THEIR BABIES AT BIRTH.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2019 Jun;17(1):8-18

Department of Chemical Pathology, Immunology Unit, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: HIV infection affects millions of women and children, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Tetanus also causes significant maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Since the main effect of HIV is immunosuppression, there is potential for a negative influence on the host immune response to tetanus in women with HIV. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6871201PMC

MANDIBULAR AND MAXILLARY DISTOMOLARS IN THE ORTHODONTIC CHILD PATIENT: A REPORT OF 3 CASES.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):177-180

Department of Child Oral Health, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Multiple supernumerary molars are rare and are usually detected on routine radiological investigations. Supernumerary molars could occur as paramolars or distomolars. Occurrence of distomolars in children is reported to be a rare occurrence. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580405PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

CASE REPORT: RETRIEVAL OF AN INTRA-UTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE PENETRATING THROUGH THE WALL OF THE RECTUM.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):174-176

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

A Copper T intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a commonly employed method of reversible contraception for women. Its use has been associated with complications such as bleeding, perforation and migration to adjacent organs or peritoneum. Uterine wall erosion and subsequent perforation by an IUCD is not unusual; however the subsequent intraperitoneal migration, to and perforation of the rectum is uncommon. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580409PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

PREVALENCE OF BACTERAEMIA AMONGST CHILDREN WITH FEBRILE SEIZURES AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):170-173

Department of Paediatrics, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Febrile seizures are common among children and these are known to result from the diverse aetiological factors, known to cause fever in children.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of bacteraemia amongst children with febrile seizures at the children's emergency room of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Methodos: This was a prospective study involving 147 children who were presented with febrile seizures over a period of 13 months at the University College Hospital Ibadan. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580404PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

PATTERN OF MULTIDRUG RESISTANT BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH INTENSIVE CARE UNIT INFECTIONS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):162-169

Dept. of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Patients admitted into the intensive care unit (ICU) usually have impaired immunity and are therefore at high risk of acquiring hospital associated infections. Infections caused by multidrug resistant organisms now constitute a major problem, limiting the choice of antimicrobial therapy.

Objectives: This study was aimed at determining the antimicrobial resistance pattern of pathogens causing ICU infections in University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580401PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

STATE DISTRIBUTION OF NEW PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH CLEFT LIP AND PALATE TO THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL: A PILOT STUDY.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):157-161

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: The UCH/Smile Train partnership, which offers free cleft surgeries to patients provides succor.

Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the state distribution of new patients presenting with cleft lip and palate, to The UCH.

Methods: A retrospective review of all new cleft patients presenting to The UCH between January 2012 and June 2015. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580406PMC
December 2018
23 Reads

ORAL HEALTH KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE AMONG TRADERS IN IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):150-156

Department of Family Dentistry, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Adopting good oral health practices such as regular tooth brushing and flossing; healthy nutritional habits and regular visits to the dentist, play a vital role in the wellbeing of an individual by preventing oral diseases such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Adequate knowledge of factors related to oral health may influence oral health practices leading to improved oral health.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the oral health knowledge and practice of a group of adults in Ibadan, Nigeria to enable planning of oral health services. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580402PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

POSSIBLE EFFECTS OF NUTRACEUTICALS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF SOME NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS IN NIGERIAN CHILDREN.

Authors:
A D Ajibade

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):142-149

Brain And Body Foundation, Abuja, Nigeria.

Introduction: A nutraceutical is a pharmaceutical grade nutrient or nutrient complex that may be used for medicinal purposes. Most nutraceuticals are derived from plants and have been shown to be generally safe when used as food supplements. There is growing interest in the use of these natural products in delaying, ameliorating, and treating acute and chronic diseases. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580412PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

ENDODONTIC TREATMENT IN CHILDREN: A FIVE-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF CASES SEEN AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):136-141

Department of Child Oral Health, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Endodontic treatment aims at preservation of teeth that are pulpally damaged, consequently make the teeth functional on the dental arch.

Objective: This study aimed at determining the prevalence and pattern of endodontic treatment carried out at the Paediatric dental unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan over a five-year period.

Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective study of all patients below 16 years of age treated for various dental problems in our unit between August, 2010 and July, 2015. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580413PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE: PATTERN OF PRESENTATION IN A SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIAN TEACHING HOSPITAL.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):131-135

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria.

Background: Geographic tongue (GT) is one of the commonly seen lesions in Oral Medicine Clinic. It tends to show varying pattern of presentation. Excessive immune response and immune modulation has been implicated in the pathogenesis and this justified the use of steroid in the management. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580408PMC
December 2018
20 Reads

TOBACCO CESSATION SERVICES AND RELATED CHALLENGES AMONG DENTISTS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):125-130

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Introduction: Oral health problems arising from tobacco use have been reported and some of these conditions can be prevented through Tobacco Cessation (TC). Dentists are well positioned to provide tobacco cessation services to patients. In Nigeria, little is documented on the provision of cessation services among dentists and the challenges. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580411PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

INCIDENCE OF ANAEMIA AMONG HIV-INFECTED PATIENTS TREATED WITH ZIDOVUDINE-CONTAINING ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY IN NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):115-124

Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston MA, USA.

Background: Zidovudine (AZT) is a common component of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings. However, AZT is associated with myelotoxity that often presents with anaemia. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of anaemia among patients initiated on AZT-containing and non-AZT containing ART regimens. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580400PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF TREATMENT OUTCOME IN APICECTOMIES WITH OR WITHOUT ROOT-END FILLING.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):109-114

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Background: High success rate has been reported widely with conventional endodontic. When failure occurs, re-treatment alone or with surgical endodontics is the recommended treatment.

Objective: To compare the treatment outcome following apicectomy techniques, apicectomy with and without retrograde root - end filling. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580414PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

BURDEN OF CYTOPAENIAS AMONG HIV POSITIVE PREGNANT WOMEN AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):99-108

1. Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Introduction: Few studies have examined cytopaenia among HIV positive pregnant women.

Objectives: To assess burden of cytopaenia among HIV positive pregnant women.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study of women on HAART ≤6months, defined anemia as hematocrit <33%, leucopenia as total white blood cell count <3,000 cells/mm and thrombocytopenia as absolute platelet count <100,000 cells/mm. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580407PMC
December 2018
1 Read

EDITORIAL.

Authors:
O F Fagbule

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Dec;16(2):98

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6580403PMC
December 2018
1 Read

NECROTURIA WITH ACUTE URINARY RETENTION: A RARE PRESENTATION OF BILATERAL WILMS' TUMOUR.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):73-75

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Lagos State University, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria.

Background: Wilms' tumour is one of the most common solid abdominal tumours in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Most cases present with an asymptomatic abdominal mass. We report a 2 year old male child who presented with acute urinary retention of 6 hours duration. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143887PMC
June 2018
1 Read

TERATOMA IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTH-EAST NIGERIA: A FIFTEENYEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY AT FETHA, ABAKALIKI, EBONYI STATE.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):69-72

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Any neoplastic growth within a tissue or an organ harboring components derived from more than one germ layer is called a teratoma. Teratoma may be monodermal or polydermal in origin and they can also be classified as mature or immature teratomas. In a retrospective study of teratomas histologically diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA), Ebonyi State, the entire specimens received at the Department for histological assessment over a fifteen-year period (2000-2014), was 6,548. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143882PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

LUDWIG'S ANGINA: AN ANALYSIS OF CASES SEEN AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):61-68

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Ludwig's angina (LA) is defined as a rapidly spreading cellulitis involving submandibular, sublingual and submental tissue spaces bilaterally and simultaneously.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the causes, complications, duration of hospital stay and outcome of cases that presented within a 2- year period in the University College Hospital Ibadan and reviewing the management protocols used for such cases.

Materials And Methods: All cases of LA seen in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from January 2015 to December 2016 were studied. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143880PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

FACTORS INFLUENCING HEALTH-SEEKING BEHAVIOUR AMONG CIVIL SERVANTS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):52-60

Department of Health Policy and Management, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Health-seeking behaviours (HSB) are closely linked with the health status of a nation and thus its economic development. Several studies have described HSB within the context of various diseases. However, knowledge of HSB among population sub-groups is still scanty. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143883PMC
June 2018
12 Reads

CASE FINDING OF HYPERTENSION AT A SECONDARY HEALTH CARE FACILITY IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA.

Authors:
I A Azeez B O Yusuf

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):44-51

Department of Environmental Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Background: The prevalence of hypertension is higher in Semi-urban areas than in rural areas. There is a rising prevalence of hypertension in developing countries. Significant independent association has been found between age, family history and prevalence of hypertension according to the literature. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143890PMC
June 2018
9 Reads

DETERMINANTS OF CHOICE OF HEALTH FACILITY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MORBIDITY BY FEMALE TRADERS IN A NIGERIAN CITY.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):37-43

Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Reproductive health (RH) services are important to reduce reproductive morbidity and mortality. This is only possible if such services are used. Knowledge of the determinants of choice health facility for reproductive morbidity is useful to design interventions aimed at increasing utilization of RH services. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143889PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE AND ETIOLOGICAL CORRELATES AMONG NIGERIAN ADULTS AT OGBOMOSO.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):30-36

Department of Family Medicine, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common disorder globally but the prevalence and severity of symptoms and complications do have ethnic and geographic variations.

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among adults in Ogbomoso, Southwest Nigeria, and the risk factors associated with it.

Methodology: The study was a hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional survey. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143881PMC
June 2018
19 Reads

A QUALITATIVE STUDY ON PSYCHOSOCIAL HAZARDS AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN A TERTIARY HEALTH FACILITY IN SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):23-29

Department of Community Medicine, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Background: Psychosocial hazards pose a great threat to the mental health of health care workers. There is a dearth of research on this type of hazard in hospital settings in Nigeria.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the psychosocial hazards and the corresponding risks among health care workers in a tertiary health facility in Rivers State. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143885PMC
June 2018
1 Read

DETERMINANTS OF FAMILY SIZE AMONG MEN IN SLUMS OF IBADAN, NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):12-22

Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Background: Fertility, particularly as it pertains to the role of men as decision makers is important with respect to demographic transition theory. Studies have explored fertility preferences of men but very little has been done with regard to fertility preferences amongst men from the slums. The aim of this study was to investigate drivers of family sizes among the urban slum households in Ibadan of South-West Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143888PMC
June 2018
12 Reads

PATTERN OF PRESENTATION OF ORAL ULCERATIONS IN PATIENTS ATTENDING AN ORAL MEDICINE CLINIC IN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):9-11

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Aim: This study aimed at describing the epidemiology and pattern of presentation of oral ulcerations among patients seen in Oral Medicine clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Complex, Ile-Ife.

Methodology: This study was a retrospective cohort study of all cases that presented with oral ulcers in the oral medicine clinic between May 2015 and May 2017. The clinical diagnosis of oral ulcers was based on the WHO guidelines for oral mucosa diagnosis. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143886PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA TO ENHANCE THE IMPACT OF PUBLISHED PAPERS.

Authors:
O F Fagbule

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2018 Jun;16(1):1-2

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6143884PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

DEVELOPMENT OF A TOOL FOR DISPELLING MYTHS ASSOCIATED WITH NATAL/NEONATAL TEETH: "" A HEALTH EDUCATION VIDEO IN A NATIVE NIGERIAN LANGUAGE.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):137-141

Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Studies have revealed that Nigerians irrespective of social class have negative attitudes and practices towards children born with natal teeth and those who erupt teeth within the first 30 days of life. This has been associated with the strong cultural myths and beliefs that exist among the populace. Children with natal teeth and their families have been stigmatized and are believed to be cursed. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846177PMC
December 2017
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LIVER CIRRHOSIS FROM AUTOIMMUNE HEPATITIS IN A NIGERIAN WOMAN: A CASE REPORT.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):133-136

Department of Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare cause of chronic liver disease (CLD). It presents with varied clinical features from acute hepatitis to CLDs like chronic viral hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease, making it difficult to diagnose in the absence of a high index of suspicion and adequate laboratory support. Autoantibody-mediated hepatocyte injury is the major feature of AIH. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846176PMC
December 2017
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A CASE REPORT OF PREMENARCHIAL TRANSVERSE VAGINAL SEPTUM AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):130-132

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Premenarchial Transverse vaginal septum is a benign condition. The septum may be found in the upper, middle or lower vagina. A case report of a premenarchial girl with transverse vaginal septum managed at the university college hospital, Ibadan, in January 2009. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846175PMC
December 2017
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THE ROLE OF EMPLOYERS IN FACILITATING SMOKING CESSATION AMONG STAFF: PERSPECTIVE OF DRIVERS IN A NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):124-129

Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Several interventions have been instituted to encourage smoking cessation among smokers. Many adults are currently working and spend several hours a day at work. Employers thus have a role to play in encouraging staff who smoke to quit. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846174PMC
December 2017
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PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF PREDIABETES AMONG ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF OF A TERTIARY HEALTH CENTRE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):114-123

Department of Family Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Introduction: Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have blood glucose levels higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes mellitus. Inadequate moderate-intensity physical activity, amidst other risk factors, is a well-documented risk factor for prediabetes. Hospital administrative staff can be particularly vulnerable to prediabetes because of the greater number of hours spent in a sitting or sedentary position during administrative duties. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846173PMC
December 2017
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CLINICO-PATHOLOGIC REVIEW OF BIOPSIED TONGUE LESIONS IN A NIGERIAN TERTIARY HOSPITAL.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):109-113

Department of Oral Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Varying pathologic conditions can affect the tongue for which the pattern of occurrence may differ. The aim of this study was to review the clinico-pathologic features of histologically diagnosed cases of tongue lesions that presented in our hospital over a 21 years period.

Materials And Methods: Data on habits, class of lesion, histological diagnosis, age, gender, and site distributions were analyzed using descriptive frequencies, ranges and means ± SD. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846172PMC
December 2017
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PERCEPTION AND UTILIZATION OF ORAL HISTOPATHOLOGY SERVICES BY GENERAL PRACTICE DENTIST IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):103-108

Dept. of Oral Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Background: Oral histopathology services are oral diagnostic procedures. General Dental Practitioners (GDPs) are routinely exposed to oral lesions that require biopsies. Hence, the study's objective of assessing the perception and the utilization of oral histopathology services by GDPs. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846171PMC
December 2017
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MANAGING TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISLOCATION IN IBADAN: A REVIEW OF 11 CASES.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):96-102

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Aim: The study presents a case series which evaluates the presentation, management and outcome of TMJ dislocation in a tertiary health centre in Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: Case review of 11 patients with TMJ dislocation seen in the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan over a period of 10 years. The criteria for the diagnosis of TMJ dislocation were based on history, clinical examination and radiologic findings. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846181PMC
December 2017
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MISSED OPPORTUNITIES FOR INTERMITTENT PREVENTIVE TREATMENT FOR MALARIA IN PREGNANCY IN NIGERIA: EVIDENCE FROM DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEY IN NIGERIA 2013.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):88-95

Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Malaria is of global health concern particularly among pregnant women. Nigeria contributes largely to global burden but coverage of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of malaria in pregnancy using Sulphadoxine pyrimethamine remains low. This study was conducted to determine the national situation of missed opportunity for IPTp-SP and attempted to look at correlates and predictors. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846180PMC
December 2017
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ASSESSMENT OF MEASURES OF ADIPOSITY THAT CORRELATE WITH BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE AFRICANS.

Ann Ib Postgrad Med 2017 Dec;15(2):82-87

Dept. of Public Health Sciences, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL, USA.

Background: Studies differ on which anthropometric measure of adiposity shows good correlation with cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we evaluated the effects of common epidemiological measures of adiposity as a correlate of elevated blood pressure in an African population.

Methodology: The study was carried out between June 2009 and December 2011 at the medical out-patient department of a tertiary healthcare center in Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846179PMC
December 2017
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