2,564 results match your criteria Annals of Human Biology [Journal]


Relationship between bone turnover markers and the heel stiffness index measured by quantitative ultrasound in postmenopausal Japanese women.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Apr 17:1-23. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

a Department of Public Health , Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences , 1-12-4 Sakamoto , Nagasaki 852-8523 , Japan.

Background: Osteoporosis in women is a serious health problem. The relationships between biochemical markers of bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD) in women have been reported, but no study has examined relationships between tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRACP-5b) or bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and bone mass measured by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in Japanese postmenopausal women.

Aim: To investigate the serum TRACP-5b and BAP levels and to determine their associations with the heel stiffness index measured by QUS in postmenopausal women. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1607552DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Genetic diversity and forensic characteristics of 15 autosomal short tandem repeats in Tibet Highland and Guangdong lowland Han Chinese populations.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Apr 17:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

d Forensic Identification Center, Public Security Bureau of Tibet Autonomous Region , Lhasa , Tibet 850000 , China.

Background: Much attention has been paid to the genetic variants of microsatellites in East Asian populations, however, genetic diversity of high-altitude adaptation in Tibet Han remains largely uncharacterised.

Aim: To profile DNA samples from 338 high-altitude adaptation Han Chinese individuals and 933 low-altitude living Han Chinese individuals for 15 autosomal STRs which are used for human identification purposes and to estimate the forensic parameters as well as explore the genetic relationships among 38 Chinese populations.

Subjects And Methods: Fifteen autosomal STR loci and amelogenin gene were amplified in 1,271 individuals using the AmpFℓSTR® Sinofiler™ PCR Amplification Kit. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1607553DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Life expectancy and the Global Burden of Disease 1990-2016: little cause for complacency.

Authors:
George Ellison

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Apr 16:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

a Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine , University of Leeds , Leeds , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

While the omission of behavioural and mechanistic factors from the BBC's "Life Expectancy Calculator" might undermine its utility as a health promotion tool, the centrality of these factors within the GBD 2016 Risk Factor Collaborators' analyses - which only detected "important changes" in behavioural (tobacco, alcohol and diet) and mechanistic (low birthweight, short gestation, BMI, blood pressure, fasting glucose) factors - undermines the "important" role that country-level variation in political, social and structural factors plays in the availability of those opportunities, circumstances, habits and behaviours necessary to deliver consistent, resilient and sustained mechanistic improvements in life expectancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1607900DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Paternal lineage of the Berbers from Aurès in Algeria: Estimate of their genetic variation.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Apr 2:1-30. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

a Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire, Faculté des Sciences Biologiques , Université des Sciences et de la Technologie Houari Boumediene , Algiers , Algeria.

Background: Aurès is a vast territory in the east of Algeria, characterised by its traditional Berber settlement which has preserved its language and its rich history; its name goes back to antiquity and before the Roman conquest it was part of the territory of ancient Numidia. The Chaoui people in this region are one of Algeria's largest Berber groups.

Aim: Our aim was to investigate the level of genetic diversity of the Berbers of Aurès through the analysis of the paternal gene pool and to estimate the percentage of genetic variation among different geographical regions and linguistic groups from Algeria. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1602166DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Maternal genetic link of a south Dravidian tribe with native Iranians indicating bidirectional migration.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 26:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

b Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Center , Mysore , India.

Background: The phylogeny of major mitochondrial DNA haplogroups has played a key role in assessing the people of India through molecular genetics.

Aim: To resolve the phylogeny and phylogeographic pattern of autochthonous haplogroup R with its descendant haplogroup U in the Urali Kuruman tribal population of Southern India.

Subjects And Methods: Complete mitogenome sequences of 40 individuals were amplified and sequenced using the Sanger sequencing method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1599067DOI Listing

Genetic composition of Teochew population in Chaozhou revealed by 19 STR loci: population polymorphism and interpopulation comparisons.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 22:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

c School of Forensic Medicine , Southern Medical University , Guangzhou , PR China.

Aim: To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 19 STR loci in the Teochew population of Chaozhou.

Subjects And Methods: Nineteen STR loci of 631 unrelated Teochew people in Chaozhou were detected by using the AGCU Expressmarker 20 kit.

Results: The allele frequency ranged from 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1595725DOI Listing
March 2019
1.273 Impact Factor

Timing of puberty and reserve capacity in adolescence as pathways to educational level in adulthood - a longitudinal study.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 19:1-36. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

a Faculty of Social Sciences, Health Sciences , Tampere University and PERLA (Tampere Centre for Childhood, Youth and Family Research), Tampere University , Finland.

Background: Family socioeconomic status (SES) is related to a child´s educational success. Intermediate pathways for this relationship, such as through pubertal timing and reserve capacity, occur in adolescence.

Aim: To study whether family SES affects a child's adult education through a psychosocial and behavioural pathway (reserve capacity) and/or a biological pathway (pubertal timing) or only through school achievement in adolescence. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1596311DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Investigation of the genetic structure of Kabyle and Chaouia Algerian populations through the polymorphism of Alu insertion markers.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 11:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

a Laboratory of Genetics, Immunology and Human Pathology, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis , University of Tunis El Manar , Tunisia.

Background: In Algeria, as in all North Africa, Berbers constitute the old background of the population. Today, Berber speakers account for only ∼ 25% of Algerians. This decline is the product of a complex human settlement from pre-history to recent invaders. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1588994DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads
1.273 Impact Factor

Reducing food portion sizes in the home to tackle obesity- is it that simple?

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 11:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

c School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences , Loughborough University , Loughborough , LE11 3TU , UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1591507DOI Listing

The most relevant chromosomal abnormalities in the north of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: 26 years of cytogenetic analysis.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 5:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

a Institute of Biological Science (ICB) , University of Passo Fundo , Passo Fundo , Brazil.

From 1992 to 2018, cytogenetic analyses were successfully performed to explore the chromosomal abnormalities of 729 patients, who utilised a pioneering counselling service in the city of Passo Fundo in the northern part of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. This city is characterised by a large conglomerate of private and public hospitals. A classical cytogenetic analysis and G-banding were performed using the patient samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1586995DOI Listing

Y chromosome genetic data defined by 23 short tandem repeats in a Serbian population on the Balkan Peninsula.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 4:1-21. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

e Department of Genetics and Bioengineering , International Burch University , Francuske revolucije bb, Ilidža , 71210 Sarajevo , Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Background: Serbs mainly live in the territory of the recently reestablished state of Serbia. However, turbulent history in the Balkan Peninsula led to settlement of Serbs not only within present day Serbia but also in different parts of neighbouring countries.

Aim: To define polymorphisms of 23 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in a modern Serbian population from the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1584242DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Assessment of menopausal symptoms in different transition phases using the Greene Climacteric Scale among rural women of North India.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 1:1-10. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

a Department of Anthropology , Panjab University , Chandigarh , India.

Background: Menopause is the universal physiological process of women's midlife and exhibits a wide variety of symptoms. However, there is little data on the menopausal symptoms and factors associated with their severity among rural Indian women.

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of menopausal symptoms during the different transition phases of menopause among rural women of North India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1587508DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Paternal lineages in southern Iberia provide time frames for gene flow from mainland Europe and the Mediterranean world.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Mar 1:1-14. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

a Departamento de Biodiversidad, Ecología y Evolución, Facultad de Biología , Universidad Complutense , Madrid , Spain.

Background: The geography of southern Iberia and an abundant archaeological record of human occupation are ideal conditions for a full understanding of scenarios of genetic history in the area. Recent advances in the phylogeography of Y-chromosome lineages offer the opportunity to set upper bounds for the appearance of different genetic components.

Aim: To provide a global knowledge on the Y haplogroups observed in Andalusia with their Y microsatellite variation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1587507DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Climate change, uncertainty and allostatic load.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Feb 20:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a Department of Anthropology , The Ohio State University , Columbus , OH , USA.

Context: Humans constantly respond to environmental stressors challenging their somatic stability. Allostasis, an evolved neuroendocrine/physiological stressor response system, is our main pathway for doing so. Effective allostasis returns somatic systems to their current optima; over a lifetime of stressor responses, related systems fail, effectiveness declines, and physiological dysregulation (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1584243DOI Listing
February 2019

Forensic characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of 23 Y-STR loci in the Miao population from Guizhou province, southwest China.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Feb 19:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

d Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health , Zunyi Medical University , Zunyi , China.

Background: Investigation of haplotype/allele frequency data of Y-STR loci in ethnically diverse populations is essential for forensic reference database construction and genetic application. However, the population genetic characteristics of the Chinese Miao minority from Guizhou Province remain uncharacterised.

Aim: To assess forensic characteristics for 23 Y-Chromosomal STR loci in Guizhou Miao and explore population genetic relationships with geographically neighbouring populations. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1583374DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

A game plan for growth: how football is leading the way in the consideration of biological maturation in young male athletes.

Authors:
Sean P Cumming

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):373-375

a Department for Health , University of Bath , Bath , UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1513560DOI Listing

Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio in Chinese pre-school children: results from the 5th National Survey in 2015.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):440-446

a Department of Growth and Development , Capital Institute of Pediatrics , Beijing , PR China.

Background: Waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) distributions have been described in Chinese pre-school children only in local areas.

Aim: To report reference data of WC and WHtR in a nationally representative sample of Chinese pre-school children.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 53,172 children aged 3-7 years were surveyed as part of the 5th National Survey in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1513561DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Early menarche and premature natural menopause in Indonesia.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):419-427

b Portsmouth Brawijaya Centre for Global Health, Population and Policy , University of Brawijaya , Malang , Indonesia.

Background: An association has been suggested between early menarche and premature natural menopause. However, existing studies in developed countries show mixed findings.

Aim: This study examined whether early menarche (first menstrual period ≤11 years old) is a factor for premature natural menopause (final menstrual period <40 years old) in the context of a developing country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1523461DOI Listing

A discussion of statistical methods to characterise early growth and its impact on bone mineral content later in childhood.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Feb 5:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

d MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, Oakfield House , University of Bristol , Bristol , UK.

Background: Many statistical methods are available to model longitudinal growth data and relate derived summary measures to later outcomes.

Aim: To apply and compare commonly used methods to a realistic scenario including pre- and postnatal data, missing data, and confounders.

Subjects And Methods: Data were collected from 753 offspring in the Southampton Women's Survey with measurements of bone mineral content (BMC) at age 6 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1574896DOI Listing
February 2019

Interactive effects of adiposity and insulin resistance on the impaired lung function in asthmatic adults: cross-sectional analysis of NHANES data.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Feb 4:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

a Public Health Nutrition Research Group, London Metropolitan University , London , UK.

Background: Obesity is considered a risk factor for both asthma and insulin resistance in adults. Insulin resistance (IR) also influences pulmonary function in the non-obese population.

Aim: To investigate the modifying effect of insulin resistance on the predictive role of anthropometric measures in the estimation of impaired lung function among asthmatic adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1572223DOI Listing
February 2019

Sex-dependent effect of post-migration adaptation on height and relative lower leg length in Polish youth.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Jan 29:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

b Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas , Austin , TX , USA.

Background: Growth in tibia length is considered to be particularly sensitive to environmental stress.

Aim: To estimate the effect of parental migration status on the relative length of the tibia in their school-age children.

Subjects And Methods: Data included a nationwide random sample of 17,155 schoolchildren, 7-18 years of age, examined between 1966 and 1969 in Poland who provided information on anthropometric measurements and demographic and social characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1574897DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Familial resemblance in gross motor coordination. The Peruvian Sibling Study on Growth and Health.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):463-469

c CIFI2D, Faculty of Sport , University of Porto , Porto , Portugal.

Background: The development of gross motor coordination (GMC) is governed by biological and environmental factors whose effect sizes are still unclear.

Aim: To investigate sibling resemblance in GMC, as well as biological and environmental correlates of GMC among Peruvian children.

Materials And Methods: The sample comprised 1256 biological siblings (6-15 years old), from three geographical areas of Peru. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1568549DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Forensic parameters and admixture in seven geographical regions of the Guerrero state (South, Mexico) based on STRs of the Globalfiler kit.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):524-530. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

a Instituto de Investigación en Genética Molecular , Universidad de Guadalajara, (CUCiénega-UdeG) , Ocotlán , México.

Background: New commercial STR kits have emerged with greater numbers of markers, which allows for obtaining stronger conclusions in forensic casework, which has been poorly studied in Mexico.

Aim: To obtain forensic parameters and to analyse the genetic relationships, structure and admixture in seven geographic regions of Guerrero state (South, Mexico) based on the Globalfiler kit.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 245 unrelated Mexican individuals from seven regions of the state of Guerrero were analysed with the Globalfiler kit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1568548DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
1.273 Impact Factor

Genetic characterisation of 13 rapidly mutating Y-STR loci in 100 father and son pairs from South and East Turkey.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):506-515. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

b Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine , University of Cukurova , Adana , Turkey.

Background: Rapidly mutating (RM) Y-STRs recently emerged as a useful genotyping tool that can counteract problems normally associated with traditional Y-STRs. For instance, RM Y-STRs have the potential to differentiate Y-chromosomes from both close and distant paternal relatives.

Aim: Characterisation of 13 RM Y-STR loci in a new sample pool from Turkey in terms of population genetic data and mutation rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1559353DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase genetic variation in North African populations: a comparison with African and European data.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):516-523. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

a Basic Biomedical Sciences Department , Universidad Europea de Madrid , Madrid , Spain.

Background: Genetic variation in glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) is crucial in drug metabolism and risk of some diseases.

Aim: To examine genetic variation in UGT in North African populations.

Subjects And Methods: Allele frequencies of SNPs UGT1A4, UGT1A4, UGT2B15, UGT2B15 and UGT2B17 CNV deletion from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya were compared to European and Sub-Saharan populations. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1559354DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Anthropometric measures and their association with risk factors for cardio-metabolic diseases in Kenyan adults.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):486-495

f Department of Public Health , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Background: The prevalence of cardio-metabolic diseases (CMD) is drastically increasing worldwide. Anthropometric measures of fat accumulation are correlated with CMD and Metabolic Syndrome (MS), but few studies have addressed this association in sub-Saharan African populations.

Aim: To investigate the association between anthropometric features, MS and other CMD risk factors in a population from Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1562568DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The BDNF rs6265 variant may interact with overweight and obesity to influence obesity-related physical, metabolic and behavioural traits in Pakistani individuals.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):496-505. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research (PCMD), International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS) , University of Karachi , Karachi , Pakistan.

Background: The association of the variant rs6265 (G>A) in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene with obesity and other obesity-related parameters is not known for the Pakistani population. Moreover, the effects of interaction between BDNF rs6265 and overweight/obesity on obesity-related traits have never been investigated before.

Aim: To find the association of the BDNF rs6265 with obesity and related traits and to explore the effect of rs6265 × obesity interaction on obesity-related traits in Pakistanis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1561947DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mitochondrial characterisation of two Spanish populations from the Vera and Bejar valleys (Central Spain).

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):531-539

a Centre of Molecular Anthropology for Ancient DNA Studies, Department of Biology , University of Rome "Tor Vergata" , Rome , Italy.

This survey reports the mitochondrial data of two Spanish populations living in the Vera and Bejar valleys, on the opposite slopes of the Sierra de Gredos (Central Spain), which crosses Spain east to west. The aim of the study was to characterise the mitochondrial genetic pool of the Vera and Bejar populations to investigate a putative mitogenetic differentiation between them, evidence that would support the role of the Sierra de Gredos as a genetic barrier in their micro-evolutionary histories. Blood samples of 137 people (66 from Vera and 71 from Bejar) were collected and mtDNA hypervariable regions I and II (HVR-I and HVR-II) were dissected along with several mtDNA-coding region SNPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1559355DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A multi-level analysis of individual- and school-level correlates of physical fitness in children.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):470-477. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

a CIFI2D, Faculty of Sport , University of Porto , Porto , Portugal.

Background: Children's physical fitness is potentially influenced by biological, behavioural and environmental factors.

Aim: To investigate the importance of individual-level and school-level characteristics in explaining variation in children's physical fitness.

Subjects And Methods: The sample comprised 354 Portuguese children, aged 5-10 years. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1549684DOI Listing
January 2019
22 Reads

At what age do normal weight Canadian children become overweight adults? Differences according to sex and metric.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):478-485. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

a College of Kinesiology , University of Saskatchewan , Saskatoon , SK , Canada.

Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity doubles between adolescence and young adulthood; however, the exact age, and appropriate metric to use to identify when overweight develops is still debated.

Aim: To examine the age of onset of overweight by sex and four metrics: body mass index (BMI), fat mass (%FM), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR).

Subjects And Methods: Between 1991 and 2017, serial measures of body composition were taken on 237 (108 males) individuals (aged 8-40 years of age). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1546900DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Association between sleep duration and high blood pressure in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Sep - Dec;45(6-8):457-462. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health , Anhui Medical University , Hefei , China.

Context: Sleep has been assessed as a risk factor for health consequences. Among adults, excessively longer and shorter sleep durations are associated with high blood pressure (BP), but knowledge of the association between sleep duration and high BP among adolescents is limited.

Objectives: To estimate the associations between sleep duration and high BP in adolescents. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1535661DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Multilevel modelling of longitudinal changes in isokinetic knee extensor and flexor strength in adolescent soccer players.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 31;45(5):453-456. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

h Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas , Austin , TX , USA.

The purpose of the study was to model the longitudinal development of knee extension (KE) and flexion (KF) strength in adolescent soccer players. A mixed-longitudinal sample composed of 67 soccer players aged 11.0-13. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1521470DOI Listing
August 2018
14 Reads

A mixed-longitudinal study of children's growth, motor development and cognition. Design, methods and baseline results on sex-differences.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):376-385. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a CIFI2D, Faculty of Sport , University of Porto , Porto , Portugal.

Background: There is a renewed interest in longitudinal studies which link children's growth, motor and cognition development. This is important for both educational outcomes and identification of children who are at risk.

Aim: To identify cross-sectional sex-differences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1511828DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Birth weight and anthropometric measurements of twins.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):395-400

a MPH Program, Public Health Department , Central Michigan University , Mount Pleasant , MI , USA.

Background: Genetic and environmental influences on anthropometric measures can be investigated by comparing dizygotic (DZ) versus monozygotic (MZ) twins. Investigating cohorts living in different geographical areas across the globe can identify the variation in heritability versus environment.

Aims: (1) To investigate the association between birth weight and anthropometric measurements during adulthood; (2) to study the genetic and environmental influences on body measures including birth weight, weight and height among twins; and (3) to assess the variation in heritability versus environment among two cohorts of twins who lived in different geographical areas. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1526320DOI Listing
August 2018
19 Reads

Parental smoking during pregnancy and head shape and size in school children.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):401-405. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a Department of Anthropology , Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences , Wroclaw , Poland.

Background: Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been recognised as a detrimental factor associated with adverse perinatal outcomes; however, to date there is a dearth of information on how it affects post-natal head growth and shape.

Aim: To assess the relationship between parental smoking exposure during pregnancy and head dimensions and shape at age 7-10 years in boys and girls.

Methods: Body height and head length, breadth and circumference were measured. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1511829DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Non-linear relationships between the BMI and physical fitness in Polish adolescents.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):406-413. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

f Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas at Austin , Austin , TX , USA.

Background: Comparisons of physical fitness in normal weight and overweight/obese youth generally highlight the negative consequences of an elevated BMI. In contrast, several studies of children and adolescents highlight the importance of variation in indicators of physical fitness across the full spectrum of BMIs from low through high.

Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate relationships between specific physical fitness items and the BMI among youth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1494306DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Associations of the infancy body mass index peak with anthropometry and cardiometabolic risk in Mexican adolescents.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):386-394. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a Department of Nutritional Sciences , University of Michigan School of Public Health , Ann Arbor , MI , USA.

Background: Early-life growth dynamics are associated with future health. Little is known regarding timing and magnitude of the infancy body mass index (BMI) peak with adiposity and metabolic biomarkers during adolescence.

Aim: To examine associations of the infancy BMI peak with anthropometry and cardiometabolic risk during peripuberty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1506048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377326PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Association between the digit ratio (2D:4D) and body fat distribution in Mordovian students.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):414-418. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a Department of Anthropology , Lomonosov State University , Moscow , Russian.

Background: The length ratio of the second to the fourth finger (2D:4D) is a possible biomarker of prenatal sex hormone levels, which play a significant role in determining sex-related body traits.

Aims: To evaluate the value of the 2D:4D ratio in a Mordovian sample and to test the associations between the 2D:4D ratio and sexually dimorphic morphological traits, such as height and body weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumference, the waist-to-hip ratio, handgrip strength and the skinfold thickness.

Subjects And Methods: The sample studied included 106 individuals of Mordovian ethnicity: 58 males and 48 females, 16-23 years old. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1495264DOI Listing
August 2018
25 Reads

Analysis of uniparental markers reveals a complex pattern of migration within Sardinia.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun;45(4):354-358

b Department of Life and Environment Sciences , University of Cagliari , Monserrato , Italy.

Background: From the genetic viewpoint, Sardinia is well differentiated from other surrounding populations. In spite of a common ancestral origin, substantial genetic heterogeneity is observed within the island. Matrimonial pattern, as well as past migration movements, may account for the complex genetic structure of Sardinia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1489559DOI Listing
June 2018
16 Reads

Birth seasons and heights among girls and boys below 12 years of age: lasting effects and catch-up growth among native Amazonians in Bolivia.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun;45(4):299-313

k Heller School for Social Policy and Management , Brandeis University , Waltham , MA , USA.

Background: Seasons affect many social, economic, and biological outcomes, particularly in low-resource settings, and some studies suggest that birth season affects child growth.

Aim: To study a predictor of stunting that has received limited attention: birth season.

Subjects And Methods: This study uses cross-sectional data collected during 2008 in a low-resource society of horticulturists-foragers in the Bolivian Amazon, Tsimane'. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1490453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191890PMC
June 2018
10 Reads
1.270 Impact Factor

The effects of collection and storage conditions in the field on salivary testosterone, cortisol, and sIgA values.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 16;45(5):428-434. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

a Department of Anthropology , Northwestern University , Evanston , IL , USA.

Aim: To determine if field-typical storage and collection conditions are related to salivary testosterone (T), cortisol (cort) and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) as measured using commercially available kits.

Subjects And Methods: This study assessed whether storage time (∼6 months to 1.5 years) at -35 °C impacted levels of the measured biomarkers (n = 10,247 samples). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1495263DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

National reference centiles of anthropometric indices and BMI cut-off values in a child population in Nepal.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):447-452

a Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences , University of Oulu , Oulu , Finland.

Background: There is a need for national- or ethnicity-specific growth reference values in developing countries like Nepal, where rapid urbanisation and consequential nutritional transition is taking place.

Aim: To establish national growth reference percentiles for anthropometric indices and to propose body mass index (BMI) cut-off values for Nepalese schoolchildren.

Methods: This study comprised 1135 Nepalese schoolchildren of four World Health Organization (WHO) indexed age groups (5-, 6-, 12- and 15-year-olds). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1530302DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Impact of acculturation on depression, perceived stress and self-esteem in young Middle Eastern American adults.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 10;45(4):346-353. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

b Department of Anthropology & Ecology , Evolution, Ecosystems & Society Program, Dartmouth College , Hanover , NH , USA.

Background: Human biologists have a longstanding interest in understanding the biological and health impacts of migration. Acculturation, the cultural adjustment that a group or individual experiences when previously separate cultures interact, has been found to be one pathway through which migration may impact human biology and health, not only for the migrants themselves, but also their descendants.

Aim: The authors conducted a pilot study to examine the relationship between acculturation and perceived stress, self-esteem and depression among young Middle-Eastern American adults. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1484160DOI Listing
June 2018
25 Reads

High AMY1 copy number protects against obesity in Portuguese young adults.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 10;45(5):435-439. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

a Research Centre for Anthropology and Health (CIAS) , University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.

Background: The highly polymorphic copy number variation (CNV) in the salivary amylase gene (AMY1) has been associated with obesity in different populations. However, some authors have failed to reproduce these findings.

Aim: To investigate the association between AMY1 CNV and obesity in young adults of Portuguese origin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1490452DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of genetic parameters of 23 autosomal STR loci in a Southern Chinese Han population.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 10;45(4):359-364. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

a Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine , Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou , PR China.

Aim: To evaluate the 23 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in GoldenEye™ 25 A kit using forensic human identification and paternity testing.

Subjects And Methods: In total, 3751 unrelated individuals from the Southern Chinese Han population were genotyped with the 5-dye GoldenEye™ 25 A multiplex amplification system. PCR products were separated using arrayed capillary electrophoresis. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1480731DOI Listing
June 2018
19 Reads

Timing of pubertal growth and menarche in indigenous Qom girls of Argentina.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 22;45(4):321-329. Epub 2018 Jul 22.

a Department of Anthropology , Yale University , New Haven , CT , USA.

Background: Pubertal timing is in part mediated by environmental factors, with greater energy availability often associated with earlier or more rapid development. Many indigenous populations are undergoing socioeconomic change that may affect pubertal development and related health risks, necessitating fundamental longitudinal research on growth and development in these populations.

Aim: Growth velocity and time to menarche among peri-urban indigenous Qom (Toba) girls in Argentina are described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1486455DOI Listing
June 2018
21 Reads

Kinship analysis and allelic dropout: a forensic approach on an archaeological case.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 20;45(4):365-368. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

a Laboratory of Forensic and Population Genetics, Toxicology and Health Legislation Department , Medicine School, Complutense University of Madrid , Madrid , Spain.

Background: This study relies on the discovery of two pit burials (LTA and LTB) of the Bronze Age Cogotas I archaeological culture (circa 3600-2950 BP) in Spain. LTA was a single burial and LTB contained three skeletal remains of two adults and a newborn or foetus at term.

Aim: The central question posed by this find was whether the LTB tomb constituted a traditional nuclear family (father, mother and son or daughter). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1484159DOI Listing
June 2018
26 Reads

Physical activity and all-cause mortality in Korean older adults.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 16;45(4):337-345. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

b College of Sport Science , Sungkyunkwan University - Suwon Campus , Suwon , Republic of Korea.

Background: The association between physical activity (PA) and all-cause mortality may be modulated by potential confounders.

Aim: To investigate the association between weekly PA and all-cause mortality in a population-based prospective study.

Subjects And Methods: The study sample included Korean older adults aged 60 years and older who participated in baseline assessments (n = 15 416) in 2008 and completed follow-up visits in 2011 (n = 14,976). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1478448DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

The problem with relying on dietary surveys: sociocultural correctives to theories of dietary change in the Pacific islands.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):272-284

c School of GeoSciences , University of Edinburgh , Edinburgh , UK.

Background: Dietary surveys are frequently used as the basis for theorising nutritional change and diet-related non-communicable disease emergence (DR-NCD) in the Pacific islands. However, findings from historical survey data do not always align with ethnographic evidence.

Aims: This paper aims to examine the extent to which the two types of evidence can lead to similar conclusions, and draw out the implications for current theories of, and interventions addressing, nutritional change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1469668DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Using CBPR to address health disparities with the Marshallese community in Arkansas.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):264-271

a Office of Community Health and Research , University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Northwest Campus , Fayetteville , AR , USA.

Context: Arkansas currently has the largest Marshallese community in the continental US. The limited research available demonstrates that Marshallese have significant health disparities, with higher rates of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and infectious diseases than the US population.

Objectives: The purpose of this paper is 2-fold: (1) to describe the formation and capacity building efforts of a community-based participatory research partnership with the Marshallese community in Arkansas and (2) to describe key findings and lessons learned from 5 years of collaborative research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1461927DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads