2,549 results match your criteria Annals of Human Biology [Journal]


A game plan for growth: how football is leading the way in the consideration of biological maturation in young male athletes.

Authors:
Sean P Cumming

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):373-375

a Department for Health , University of Bath , Bath , UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1513560DOI Listing

Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio in Chinese pre-school children: results from the 5th National Survey in 2015.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):440-446

a Department of Growth and Development , Capital Institute of Pediatrics , Beijing , PR China.

Background: Waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) distributions have been described in Chinese pre-school children only in local areas.

Aim: To report reference data of WC and WHtR in a nationally representative sample of Chinese pre-school children.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 53,172 children aged 3-7 years were surveyed as part of the 5th National Survey in 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1513561DOI Listing

Early menarche and premature natural menopause in Indonesia.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):419-427

b Portsmouth Brawijaya Centre for Global Health, Population and Policy , University of Brawijaya , Malang , Indonesia.

Background: An association has been suggested between early menarche and premature natural menopause. However, existing studies in developed countries show mixed findings.

Aim: This study examined whether early menarche (first menstrual period ≤11 years old) is a factor for premature natural menopause (final menstrual period <40 years old) in the context of a developing country. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1523461DOI Listing

A discussion of statistical methods to characterize early growth and its impact on bone mineral content later in childhood.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Feb 5:1-31. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

d MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit , University of Bristol , Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove , Bristol , BS8 2BN.

Background Many statistical methods are available to model longitudinal growth data and relate derived summary measures to later outcomes. Aim To apply and compare commonly used methods to a realistic scenario including pre- and postnatal data, missing data and confounders. Subjects and methods Data were collected from 753 offspring in the Southampton Women's Survey with measurements of bone mineral content (BMC) at age 6 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1574896DOI Listing
February 2019

Interactive effects of adiposity and insulin resistance on the impaired lung function in asthmatic adults: cross-sectional analysis of NHANES data.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Feb 4:1-21. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

b Institute for Health Research & Policy, London Metropolitan University , London , United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Background: Obesity is considered a risk factor for both asthma and insulin resistance in adults. Insulin resistance (IR) also influences pulmonary function in the non-obese population.

Aim: To investigate the modifying effect of insulin resistance on the predictive role of anthropometric measures in the estimation of impaired lung function among asthmatic adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1572223DOI Listing
February 2019

Sex-dependent effect of post-migration adaptation on height and relative lower leg length in Polish youth.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Jan 29:1-22. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

b Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas , Austin , Texas , USA.

Background: Growth in tibia length is considered to be particularly sensitive to environmental stress.

Aim: To estimate the effect of parental migration status on relative length of tibia in their school-age children.

Subjects And Methods: Data included nationwide random sample of 17,155 schoolchildren 7-18 years of age examined between 1966 and 1969 in Poland who provided information on anthropometric measurements and demographic and social characteristics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1574897DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Familial resemblance in gross motor coordination. The Peruvian Sibling Study on Growth and Health.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Jan 15:1-23. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

c CIFI2D, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto , Porto , Portugal.

Background: The development of gross motor coordination (GMC) is governed by biological and environmental factors whose effect sizes are still unclear.

Aim: To investigate sibling resemblance in GMC as well as biological and environmental correlates of GMC among Peruvian children.

Material And Methods: The sample comprised 1256 biological siblings (6-15 years), from three geographical areas of Peru. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2019.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1568549DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Forensic parameters and admixture in seven geographical regions of the Guerrero state (South, Mexico) based on STRs of the Globalfiler kit.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Jan 14:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a Instituto de Investigación en Genética Molecular , Universidad de Guadalajara, (CUCiénega-UdeG) , Ocotlán , México.

Background: New commercial STR kits have emerged with greater numbers of markers, which allows for obtaining stronger conclusions in forensic casework, which has been poorly studied in Mexico.

Aim: To obtain forensic parameters and to analyse the genetic relationships, structure and admixture in seven geographic regions of Guerrero state (South, Mexico) based on the Globalfiler kit.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 245 unrelated Mexican individuals from seven regions of the state of Guerrero were analysed with the Globalfiler kit. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1568548DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads
1.273 Impact Factor

Genetic characterisation of 13 rapidly mutating Y-STR loci in 100 father and son pairs from South and East Turkey.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Jan 7:1-22. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

f Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine , University of Cukurova , Adana , Turkey.

Background: Rapidly mutating (RM) Y-STRs recently emerged as a useful genotyping tool that can counteract problems normally associated with traditional Y-STRs. For instance, RM Y-STRs have the potential to differentiate Y-chromosomes from both close and distant paternal relatives.

Aim: Characterisation of 13 RM Y-STR loci in a new sample pool from Turkey in terms of population genetic data and mutation rates. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1559353DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase genetic variation in North African populations: a comparison with African and European data.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Jan 7:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

a Basic Biomedical Sciences Department , Universidad Europea de Madrid , Madrid , Spain.

Background: Genetic variation in glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) is crucial in drug metabolism and risk of some diseases.

Aim: To examine genetic variation in UGT in North African populations.

Subjects And Methods: Allele frequencies of SNPs UGT1A4, UGT1A4, UGT2B15, UGT2B15 and UGT2B17 CNV deletion from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya were compared to European and Sub-Saharan populations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1559354DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Anthropometric Measures and their association with risk factors for cardio-metabolic diseases in Kenyan adults.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Jan 4:1-34. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

f Department of Public Health , University of Copenhagen , Copenhagen , Denmark.

Background: The prevalence of cardio-metabolic diseases (CMD) is drastically increasing world-wide. Anthropometric measures of fat accumulation are correlated with CMD and Metabolic Syndrome (MS), but few studies have addressed this association in sub-Saharan African populations.

Aim: To investigate the association between anthropometric features, MS and other CMD risk factors in a population from Kenya. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1562568DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The BDNF rs6265 variant may interact with overweight and obesity to influence obesity-related physical, metabolic and behavioural traits in Pakistani individuals.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Dec 27:1-32. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

a Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research (PCMD), International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi-75270 , Karachi , Pakistan.

Background: The association of the variant rs6265 (G > A) in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene with obesity and other obesity-related parameters is not known for the Pakistani population. Moreover, the effects of interaction between BDNF rs6265 and overweight/obesity on obesity-related traits have never been investigated before.

Aim: To find the association of the BDNF rs6265 with obesity and related traits and to explore the effect of rs6265 × obesity interaction on obesity-related traits in Pakistanis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1561947DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Mitochondrial characterisation of two Spanish populations from the Vera and Bejar valleys (Central Spain).

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Dec 17:1-24. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Centre of Molecular Anthropology for Ancient DNA Studies, Department of Biology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata" , Via della Ricerca Scientifica n. 1 , 00133 , Rome , Italy.

This survey reports the mitochondrial data of two Spanish populations living in the Vera and Bejar valleys, on the opposite slopes of the Sierra de Gredos (Central Spain), which crosses Spain east to west. The aim of the study was to characterise the mitochondrial genetic pool of the Vera and Bejar populations to investigate a putative mitogenetic differentiation between them, evidence that would support the role of the Sierra de Gredos as a genetic barrier in their micro-evolutionary histories. Blood samples of 137 people (66 from Vera and 71 from Bejar) were collected and mtDNA hypervariable regions I and II (HVR-I and HVR-II) were dissected along with several mtDNA- coding region SNPs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1559355DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A multilevel analysis of individual- and school-level correlates of physical fitness in children.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Dec 4:1-25. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a CIFI2D, Faculty of Sport , University of Porto , Porto , Portugal.

Background: Children's physical fitness is potentially influenced by biological, behavioural and environmental factors.

Aim: To investigate the importance of individual-level and school-level characteristics in explaining variation in children's physical fitness.

Subjects And Methods: The sample comprised 354 Portuguese children, aged 5-10 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1549684DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

At what age do normal weight Canadian children become overweight adults? Differences according to sex and metric.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Nov 29:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

a College of Kinesiology , University of Saskatchewan , Saskatoon , SK , Canada.

Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity doubles between adolescence and young adulthood; however, the exact age, and appropriate metric to use to identify when overweight develops is still debated.

Aim: To examine the age of onset of overweight by sex and four metrics: body mass index (BMI), fat mass (%FM), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR).

Subjects And Methods: Between 1991 and 2017, serial measures of body composition were taken on 237 (108 males) individuals (aged 8-40 years of age). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1546900DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Association between sleep duration and high blood pressure in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Hum Biol 2019 Jan 21:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health , Anhui Medical University , Hefei , China.

Context: Sleep has been assessed as a risk factor for health consequences. Among adults, excessively longer and shorter sleep durations are associated with high blood pressure (BP), but knowledge of the association between sleep duration and high BP among adolescents is limited.

Objectives: To estimate the associations between sleep duration and high BP in adolescents. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1535661DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Multilevel modelling of longitudinal changes in isokinetic knee extensor and flexor strength in adolescent soccer players.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 31;45(5):453-456. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

h Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas , Austin , TX , USA.

The purpose of the study was to model the longitudinal development of knee extension (KE) and flexion (KF) strength in adolescent soccer players. A mixed-longitudinal sample composed of 67 soccer players aged 11.0-13. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1521470DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

A mixed-longitudinal study of children's growth, motor development and cognition. Design, methods and baseline results on sex-differences.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):376-385. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a CIFI2D, Faculty of Sport , University of Porto , Porto , Portugal.

Background: There is a renewed interest in longitudinal studies which link children's growth, motor and cognition development. This is important for both educational outcomes and identification of children who are at risk.

Aim: To identify cross-sectional sex-differences. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1511828DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Birth weight and anthropometric measurements of twins.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):395-400

a MPH Program, Public Health Department , Central Michigan University , Mount Pleasant , MI , USA.

Background: Genetic and environmental influences on anthropometric measures can be investigated by comparing dizygotic (DZ) versus monozygotic (MZ) twins. Investigating cohorts living in different geographical areas across the globe can identify the variation in heritability versus environment.

Aims: (1) To investigate the association between birth weight and anthropometric measurements during adulthood; (2) to study the genetic and environmental influences on body measures including birth weight, weight and height among twins; and (3) to assess the variation in heritability versus environment among two cohorts of twins who lived in different geographical areas. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1526320DOI Listing
August 2018
15 Reads

Parental smoking during pregnancy and head shape and size in school children.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):401-405. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a Department of Anthropology , Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences , Wroclaw , Poland.

Background: Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been recognised as a detrimental factor associated with adverse perinatal outcomes; however, to date there is a dearth of information on how it affects post-natal head growth and shape.

Aim: To assess the relationship between parental smoking exposure during pregnancy and head dimensions and shape at age 7-10 years in boys and girls.

Methods: Body height and head length, breadth and circumference were measured. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1511829DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Non-linear relationships between the BMI and physical fitness in Polish adolescents.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):406-413. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

f Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas at Austin , Austin , TX , USA.

Background: Comparisons of physical fitness in normal weight and overweight/obese youth generally highlight the negative consequences of an elevated BMI. In contrast, several studies of children and adolescents highlight the importance of variation in indicators of physical fitness across the full spectrum of BMIs from low through high.

Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate relationships between specific physical fitness items and the BMI among youth. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1494306DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Associations of the infancy body mass index peak with anthropometry and cardiometabolic risk in Mexican adolescents.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):386-394. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a Department of Nutritional Sciences , University of Michigan School of Public Health , Ann Arbor , MI , USA.

Background: Early-life growth dynamics are associated with future health. Little is known regarding timing and magnitude of the infancy body mass index (BMI) peak with adiposity and metabolic biomarkers during adolescence.

Aim: To examine associations of the infancy BMI peak with anthropometry and cardiometabolic risk during peripuberty. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1506048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377326PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Association between the digit ratio (2D:4D) and body fat distribution in Mordovian students.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 17;45(5):414-418. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a Department of Anthropology , Lomonosov State University , Moscow , Russian.

Background: The length ratio of the second to the fourth finger (2D:4D) is a possible biomarker of prenatal sex hormone levels, which play a significant role in determining sex-related body traits.

Aims: To evaluate the value of the 2D:4D ratio in a Mordovian sample and to test the associations between the 2D:4D ratio and sexually dimorphic morphological traits, such as height and body weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumference, the waist-to-hip ratio, handgrip strength and the skinfold thickness.

Subjects And Methods: The sample studied included 106 individuals of Mordovian ethnicity: 58 males and 48 females, 16-23 years old. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1495264DOI Listing
August 2018
19 Reads

Analysis of uniparental markers reveals a complex pattern of migration within Sardinia.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun;45(4):354-358

b Department of Life and Environment Sciences , University of Cagliari , Monserrato , Italy.

Background: From the genetic viewpoint, Sardinia is well differentiated from other surrounding populations. In spite of a common ancestral origin, substantial genetic heterogeneity is observed within the island. Matrimonial pattern, as well as past migration movements, may account for the complex genetic structure of Sardinia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1489559DOI Listing
June 2018
10 Reads

Birth seasons and heights among girls and boys below 12 years of age: lasting effects and catch-up growth among native Amazonians in Bolivia.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun;45(4):299-313

k Heller School for Social Policy and Management , Brandeis University , Waltham , MA , USA.

Background: Seasons affect many social, economic, and biological outcomes, particularly in low-resource settings, and some studies suggest that birth season affects child growth.

Aim: To study a predictor of stunting that has received limited attention: birth season.

Subjects And Methods: This study uses cross-sectional data collected during 2008 in a low-resource society of horticulturists-foragers in the Bolivian Amazon, Tsimane'. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1490453DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191890PMC
June 2018
7 Reads
1.270 Impact Factor

The effects of collection and storage conditions in the field on salivary testosterone, cortisol, and sIgA values.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 16;45(5):428-434. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

a Department of Anthropology , Northwestern University , Evanston , IL , USA.

Aim: To determine if field-typical storage and collection conditions are related to salivary testosterone (T), cortisol (cort) and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) as measured using commercially available kits.

Subjects And Methods: This study assessed whether storage time (∼6 months to 1.5 years) at -35 °C impacted levels of the measured biomarkers (n = 10,247 samples). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1495263DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

National reference centiles of anthropometric indices and BMI cut-off values in a child population in Nepal.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug;45(5):447-452

a Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences , University of Oulu , Oulu , Finland.

Background: There is a need for national- or ethnicity-specific growth reference values in developing countries like Nepal, where rapid urbanisation and consequential nutritional transition is taking place.

Aim: To establish national growth reference percentiles for anthropometric indices and to propose body mass index (BMI) cut-off values for Nepalese schoolchildren.

Methods: This study comprised 1135 Nepalese schoolchildren of four World Health Organization (WHO) indexed age groups (5-, 6-, 12- and 15-year-olds). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1530302DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Impact of acculturation on depression, perceived stress and self-esteem in young Middle Eastern American adults.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 10;45(4):346-353. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

b Department of Anthropology & Ecology , Evolution, Ecosystems & Society Program, Dartmouth College , Hanover , NH , USA.

Background: Human biologists have a longstanding interest in understanding the biological and health impacts of migration. Acculturation, the cultural adjustment that a group or individual experiences when previously separate cultures interact, has been found to be one pathway through which migration may impact human biology and health, not only for the migrants themselves, but also their descendants.

Aim: The authors conducted a pilot study to examine the relationship between acculturation and perceived stress, self-esteem and depression among young Middle-Eastern American adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1484160DOI Listing
June 2018
13 Reads

High AMY1 copy number protects against obesity in Portuguese young adults.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Aug 10;45(5):435-439. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

a Research Centre for Anthropology and Health (CIAS) , University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.

Background: The highly polymorphic copy number variation (CNV) in the salivary amylase gene (AMY1) has been associated with obesity in different populations. However, some authors have failed to reproduce these findings.

Aim: To investigate the association between AMY1 CNV and obesity in young adults of Portuguese origin. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1490452DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of genetic parameters of 23 autosomal STR loci in a Southern Chinese Han population.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 10;45(4):359-364. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

a Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine , Sun Yat-sen University , Guangzhou , PR China.

Aim: To evaluate the 23 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in GoldenEye™ 25 A kit using forensic human identification and paternity testing.

Subjects And Methods: In total, 3751 unrelated individuals from the Southern Chinese Han population were genotyped with the 5-dye GoldenEye™ 25 A multiplex amplification system. PCR products were separated using arrayed capillary electrophoresis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1480731DOI Listing
June 2018
15 Reads

Timing of pubertal growth and menarche in indigenous Qom girls of Argentina.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 22;45(4):321-329. Epub 2018 Jul 22.

a Department of Anthropology , Yale University , New Haven , CT , USA.

Background: Pubertal timing is in part mediated by environmental factors, with greater energy availability often associated with earlier or more rapid development. Many indigenous populations are undergoing socioeconomic change that may affect pubertal development and related health risks, necessitating fundamental longitudinal research on growth and development in these populations.

Aim: Growth velocity and time to menarche among peri-urban indigenous Qom (Toba) girls in Argentina are described. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1486455DOI Listing
June 2018
16 Reads

Kinship analysis and allelic dropout: a forensic approach on an archaeological case.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 20;45(4):365-368. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

a Laboratory of Forensic and Population Genetics, Toxicology and Health Legislation Department , Medicine School, Complutense University of Madrid , Madrid , Spain.

Background: This study relies on the discovery of two pit burials (LTA and LTB) of the Bronze Age Cogotas I archaeological culture (circa 3600-2950 BP) in Spain. LTA was a single burial and LTB contained three skeletal remains of two adults and a newborn or foetus at term.

Aim: The central question posed by this find was whether the LTB tomb constituted a traditional nuclear family (father, mother and son or daughter). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1484159DOI Listing
June 2018
22 Reads

Physical activity and all-cause mortality in Korean older adults.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 16;45(4):337-345. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

b College of Sport Science , Sungkyunkwan University - Suwon Campus , Suwon , Republic of Korea.

Background: The association between physical activity (PA) and all-cause mortality may be modulated by potential confounders.

Aim: To investigate the association between weekly PA and all-cause mortality in a population-based prospective study.

Subjects And Methods: The study sample included Korean older adults aged 60 years and older who participated in baseline assessments (n = 15 416) in 2008 and completed follow-up visits in 2011 (n = 14,976). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1478448DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

The problem with relying on dietary surveys: sociocultural correctives to theories of dietary change in the Pacific islands.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):272-284

c School of GeoSciences , University of Edinburgh , Edinburgh , UK.

Background: Dietary surveys are frequently used as the basis for theorising nutritional change and diet-related non-communicable disease emergence (DR-NCD) in the Pacific islands. However, findings from historical survey data do not always align with ethnographic evidence.

Aims: This paper aims to examine the extent to which the two types of evidence can lead to similar conclusions, and draw out the implications for current theories of, and interventions addressing, nutritional change. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1469668DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Using CBPR to address health disparities with the Marshallese community in Arkansas.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):264-271

a Office of Community Health and Research , University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Northwest Campus , Fayetteville , AR , USA.

Context: Arkansas currently has the largest Marshallese community in the continental US. The limited research available demonstrates that Marshallese have significant health disparities, with higher rates of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and infectious diseases than the US population.

Objectives: The purpose of this paper is 2-fold: (1) to describe the formation and capacity building efforts of a community-based participatory research partnership with the Marshallese community in Arkansas and (2) to describe key findings and lessons learned from 5 years of collaborative research. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1461927DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Association study of CREBRF missense variant (rs373863828:G > A; p.Arg457Gln) with levels of serum lipid profile in the Pacific populations.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):215-219

i Japan Wildlife Research Center , Tokyo , Japan.

Background: A missense variant (rs373863828:G > A; p.Arg457Gln) of the CREBRF gene is strongly associated with a higher body mass index (BMI; kg/m) in Polynesian populations. This variant has also been reported to be associated with lower total cholesterol in Samoans. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1461928DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Nutrient intake among Samoan children aged 2-4 years in 2015.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):239-243

b Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology , Yale School of Public Health , New Haven , CT , USA.

Background: Young children are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition as nutrition transition progresses. The aim of this study was to examine the adequacy of macro- and micronutrient intake among 2-4.99-year-old Samoan children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1473491DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Human biology of the Pacific.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 05;45(3):171-174

b Epidemiology and Anthropology , International Health Institute, Brown University School of Public Health , Providence , RI , USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1477483DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Collaboration as a tool for building research capacity in the Pacific Islands.

Authors:
Alec Ekeroma

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):295-296

a Head, Pacific Women's Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , University of Auckland , Auckland , New Zealand.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1454510DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Body size, body norms and some unintended consequences of obesity intervention in the Pacific islands.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):285-294

c School of Human Evolution and Social Change , Arizona State University , Tempe , AZ , USA.

Background: Pacific Islanders have experienced over 50 years of obesity interventions-the longest of any region in the world. Yet, obesity-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) continue to rise. 'Traditional' body norms have been cited as barriers to these interventions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1459838DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Cardio-metabolic disease genetic risk factors among Māori and Pacific Island people in Aotearoa New Zealand: current state of knowledge and future directions.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):202-214

b Department of Mathematics and Statistics , University of Otago , Dunedin , Aotearoa , New Zealand.

Context: Cardio-metabolic conditions in Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ) Māori and non-indigenous Polynesian (Pacific) populations have been increasing in prevalence and severity, especially over the last two decades.

Objectives: To assess knowledge on genetic and non-genetic risk factors for cardio-metabolic disease in the Māori and Pacific populations residing in Aotearoa NZ by a semi-systematic review of the PubMed database. To outline possible future directions in genetic epidemiological research with Māori and Pacific communities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1461929DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Zika virus in American Samoa: challenges to prevention in the context of health disparities and non-communicable disease.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):229-238

c American Samoa Department of Health , Pago Pago , American Samoa.

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is linked to deleterious foetal and neonate outcomes. Maternal exposure to ZIKV through mosquitoes and sexual fluids creates a public health challenge for communities and policymakers, which is exacerbated by high levels of chronic non-communicable diseases in American Samoa.

Aim: This study aimed to identify structural barriers to ZIKV prevention in American Samoa and situate them within locally relevant cultural and epidemiological contexts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1465594DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Physical activity level and body composition in a multiethnic sample of school children in Hawaii.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):244-248

c Department of Kinesiology , University of Hawaii at Hilo , Hilo , HI , USA.

Background: Obesity, particularly in Native Hawaiians, is an important health risk. A possible contributing factor to obesity is reduced physical activity levels.

Aim: This study investigates the relationship between measured levels of physical activity and body composition in two grade cohorts of school children of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (NHPI) and non-NHPI ethnicity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1465121DOI Listing
May 2018
5 Reads

Overview of trends in cardiovascular and diabetes risk factors in Fiji.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):188-201

a School of Public Health and Community Medicine , University of NSW , Sydney , Australia.

Context: Fiji has undergone an epidemiological transition, characterised by declining infectious disease and childhood mortality, that has been offset by rising cardiovascular disease mortality. Other Pacific Island states are in a comparable situation.

Objective: With a focus on Fiji, this study reviews and contextualises research performed by the authors and others that examines cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and their risk factors in Pacific Island states. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1465122DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Walking backwards into the future: the need for a holistic evolutionary approach in Pacific health research.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):175-187

a Department of Anatomy , University of Otago , Dunedin , New Zealand.

Context: The Pacific region has had a complex human history. It has been subject to multiple major human dispersal and colonisation events, including some of the earliest Out-of-Africa migrations, the so-called Austronesian expansion of people out of Island Southeast Asia, and the more recent arrival of Europeans. Despite models of island isolation, evidence suggests significant levels of interconnectedness that vary in direction and frequency over time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1448889DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Culturally responsive approaches to health promotion for Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 May 29;45(3):249-263. Epub 2018 May 29.

b Initiative for Research and Education to Advance Community Health (IREACH) , Washington State University , Seattle , WA , USA.

Context: Obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) have reached epidemic proportions among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (NHPI). Culturally responsive interventions that account for their interpersonal, sociocultural and socioeconomic realities are a public health priority.

Objective: To describe cultural adaptation and culturally grounded approaches to developing health interventions for NHPI and to review the culturally responsive approaches used by, and outcomes from, two long-standing community-based participatory research projects (CBPR) in Hawai'i: PILI 'Ohana and KāHOLO Projects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1465593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6002761PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Age at menarche and cancer risk at adulthood.

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 28;45(4):369-372. Epub 2018 May 28.

d Department of Physical Education , Federal University of Sergipe - UFS , São Cristóvão , Brazil.

Aim: The aim was to evaluate the association between age at menarche and cancer using a nationally representative sample of Brazilian women.

Methods: Data from the Brazilian Health Survey (PNS), a nationally representative survey conducted in 2013 (n = 33,715 women; ≥18 years), were used. Information on cancer diagnosis, age at menarche and other co-variables (chronological age, educational status, skin colour, menopause, leisure-time physical activity and tobacco smoking) were collected via interview. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1470670DOI Listing
June 2018
24 Reads

Optimal design for longitudinal studies to estimate pubertal height growth in individuals.

Authors:
Tim James Cole

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 18;45(4):314-320. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

a Population, Policy and Practice Programme , UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health , London , UK.

Background: The SITAR model expresses individual pubertal height growth in terms of mean size, peak height velocity (PHV) and age at PHV.

Aim: To use SITAR to identify the optimal time interval between measurements to summarise individual pubertal height growth.

Subjects And Methods: Heights in 3172 boys aged 9-19 years from Christ's Hospital School measured on 128 679 occasions (a median of 42 heights per boy) were analysed using the SITAR (SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation) mixed effects growth curve model, which estimates a mean curve and three subject-specific random effects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1453948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191888PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Healthy obesity: time to give up the ghost?

Authors:
William Johnson

Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jun 11;45(4):297-298. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

a School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences , Loughborough University , Leicestershire , UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2018.1444789DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191884PMC
June 2018
5 Reads