Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    2516 results match your criteria Annals of Human Biology [Journal]

    1 OF 51

    The problem with relying on dietary surveys: sociocultural correctives to theories of dietary change in the Pacific islands.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):272-284
    c School of GeoSciences , University of Edinburgh , Edinburgh , UK.
    Background: Dietary surveys are frequently used as the basis for theorising nutritional change and diet-related non-communicable disease emergence (DR-NCD) in the Pacific islands. However, findings from historical survey data do not always align with ethnographic evidence.

    Aims: This paper aims to examine the extent to which the two types of evidence can lead to similar conclusions, and draw out the implications for current theories of, and interventions addressing, nutritional change. Read More

    Using CBPR to address health disparities with the Marshallese community in Arkansas.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):264-271
    a Office of Community Health and Research , University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Northwest Campus , Fayetteville , AR , USA.
    Context: Arkansas currently has the largest Marshallese community in the continental US. The limited research available demonstrates that Marshallese have significant health disparities, with higher rates of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and infectious diseases than the US population.

    Objectives: The purpose of this paper is 2-fold: (1) to describe the formation and capacity building efforts of a community-based participatory research partnership with the Marshallese community in Arkansas and (2) to describe key findings and lessons learned from 5 years of collaborative research. Read More

    Association study of CREBRF missense variant (rs373863828:G > A; p.Arg457Gln) with levels of serum lipid profile in the Pacific populations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):215-219
    i Japan Wildlife Research Center , Tokyo , Japan.
    Background: A missense variant (rs373863828:G > A; p.Arg457Gln) of the CREBRF gene is strongly associated with a higher body mass index (BMI; kg/m) in Polynesian populations. This variant has also been reported to be associated with lower total cholesterol in Samoans. Read More

    Nutrient intake among Samoan children aged 2-4 years in 2015.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):239-243
    b Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology , Yale School of Public Health , New Haven , CT , USA.
    Background: Young children are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition as nutrition transition progresses. The aim of this study was to examine the adequacy of macro- and micronutrient intake among 2-4.99-year-old Samoan children. Read More

    Body size, body norms and some unintended consequences of obesity intervention in the Pacific islands.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):285-294
    c School of Human Evolution and Social Change , Arizona State University , Tempe , AZ , USA.
    Background: Pacific Islanders have experienced over 50 years of obesity interventions-the longest of any region in the world. Yet, obesity-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) continue to rise. 'Traditional' body norms have been cited as barriers to these interventions. Read More

    Cardio-metabolic disease genetic risk factors among Māori and Pacific Island people in Aotearoa New Zealand: current state of knowledge and future directions.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):202-214
    b Department of Mathematics and Statistics , University of Otago , Dunedin , Aotearoa , New Zealand.
    Context: Cardio-metabolic conditions in Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ) Māori and non-indigenous Polynesian (Pacific) populations have been increasing in prevalence and severity, especially over the last two decades.

    Objectives: To assess knowledge on genetic and non-genetic risk factors for cardio-metabolic disease in the Māori and Pacific populations residing in Aotearoa NZ by a semi-systematic review of the PubMed database. To outline possible future directions in genetic epidemiological research with Māori and Pacific communities. Read More

    Zika virus in American Samoa: challenges to prevention in the context of health disparities and non-communicable disease.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):229-238
    c American Samoa Department of Health , Pago Pago , American Samoa.
    Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is linked to deleterious foetal and neonate outcomes. Maternal exposure to ZIKV through mosquitoes and sexual fluids creates a public health challenge for communities and policymakers, which is exacerbated by high levels of chronic non-communicable diseases in American Samoa.

    Aim: This study aimed to identify structural barriers to ZIKV prevention in American Samoa and situate them within locally relevant cultural and epidemiological contexts. Read More

    Physical activity level and body composition in a multiethnic sample of school children in Hawaii.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):244-248
    c Department of Kinesiology , University of Hawaii at Hilo , Hilo , HI , USA.
    Background: Obesity, particularly in Native Hawaiians, is an important health risk. A possible contributing factor to obesity is reduced physical activity levels.

    Aim: This study investigates the relationship between measured levels of physical activity and body composition in two grade cohorts of school children of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (NHPI) and non-NHPI ethnicity. Read More

    Overview of trends in cardiovascular and diabetes risk factors in Fiji.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):188-201
    a School of Public Health and Community Medicine , University of NSW , Sydney , Australia.
    Context: Fiji has undergone an epidemiological transition, characterised by declining infectious disease and childhood mortality, that has been offset by rising cardiovascular disease mortality. Other Pacific Island states are in a comparable situation.

    Objective: With a focus on Fiji, this study reviews and contextualises research performed by the authors and others that examines cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and their risk factors in Pacific Island states. Read More

    Walking backwards into the future: the need for a holistic evolutionary approach in Pacific health research.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):175-187
    a Department of Anatomy , University of Otago , Dunedin , New Zealand.
    Context: The Pacific region has had a complex human history. It has been subject to multiple major human dispersal and colonisation events, including some of the earliest Out-of-Africa migrations, the so-called Austronesian expansion of people out of Island Southeast Asia, and the more recent arrival of Europeans. Despite models of island isolation, evidence suggests significant levels of interconnectedness that vary in direction and frequency over time. Read More

    Culturally responsive approaches to health promotion for Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May 29;45(3):249-263. Epub 2018 May 29.
    b Initiative for Research and Education to Advance Community Health (IREACH) , Washington State University , Seattle , WA , USA.
    Context: Obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) have reached epidemic proportions among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (NHPI). Culturally responsive interventions that account for their interpersonal, sociocultural and socioeconomic realities are a public health priority.

    Objective: To describe cultural adaptation and culturally grounded approaches to developing health interventions for NHPI and to review the culturally responsive approaches used by, and outcomes from, two long-standing community-based participatory research projects (CBPR) in Hawai'i: PILI 'Ohana and KāHOLO Projects. Read More

    Age at menarche and cancer risk at adulthood.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May 28:1-4. Epub 2018 May 28.
    d Department of Physical Education , Federal University of Sergipe - UFS , São Cristóvão , Brazil.
    Aim: The aim was to evaluate the association between age at menarche and cancer using a nationally representative sample of Brazilian women.

    Methods: Data from the Brazilian Health Survey (PNS), a nationally representative survey conducted in 2013 (n = 33,715 women; ≥18 years), were used. Information on cancer diagnosis, age at menarche and other co-variables (chronological age, educational status, skin colour, menopause, leisure-time physical activity and tobacco smoking) were collected via interview. Read More

    Optimal design for longitudinal studies to estimate pubertal height growth in individuals.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Apr 18:1-7. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    a Population, Policy and Practice Programme , UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health , London , UK.
    Background: The SITAR model expresses individual pubertal height growth in terms of mean size, peak height velocity (PHV) and age at PHV.

    Aim: To use SITAR to identify the optimal time interval between measurements to summarise individual pubertal height growth.

    Subjects And Methods: Heights in 3172 boys aged 9-19 years from Christ's Hospital School measured on 128 679 occasions (a median of 42 heights per boy) were analysed using the SITAR (SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation) mixed effects growth curve model, which estimates a mean curve and three subject-specific random effects. Read More

    Relationships between psychosocial distress and diet during pregnancy and infant birthweight in a lower-middle income country: 'healthy mothers, healthy communities' study in Vanuatu.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 May;45(3):220-228
    f Départment des sciences de l'activité physique , Université du Québec à Montréal , Montréal , QC , Canada.
    Background: Maternal stress during pregnancy is associated with birth outcomes, including birthweight. Exposure to natural disasters during pregnancy provides a model to study these relationships. However, few studies assess both stress and diet, which might have interactive effects. Read More

    Rural-urban variations in age at menarche, adult height, leg-length and abdominal adiposity in black South African women in transitioning South Africa.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 20;45(2):123-132. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    a MRC/WITS Developmental Pathways for Health Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics , School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand , Johannesburg , South Africa.
    Background: The pre-pubertal socioeconomic environment may be an important determinant of age at menarche, adult height, body proportions and adiposity: traits closely linked to adolescent and adult health.

    Aims: This study explored differences in age at menarche, adult height, relative leg-length and waist circumference between rural and urban black South African young adult women, who are at different stages of the nutrition and epidemiologic transitions.

    Subjects And Methods: We compared 18-23 year-old black South African women, 482 urban-dwelling from Soweto and 509 from the rural Mpumalanga province. Read More

    Genetic polymorphisms, forensic efficiency and phylogenetic analysis of 15 autosomal STR loci in the Kazak population of Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, northwestern China.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 20;45(2):160-165. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    a School of Forensic Medicine , China Medical University , Shenyang , Liaoning , PR China.
    Aim: We investigated the frequencies of 15 autosomal STR loci in the Kazak population of the Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture with the aim of expanding the available population information in human genetic databases and for forensic DNA analysis.

    Subjects And Methods: Genetic polymorphisms of 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci were analysed in 456 individuals of the Kazak population from Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, northwestern China.

    Results: A total of 173 alleles at 15 autosomal STR loci were found; the allele frequencies ranged from 0. Read More

    BMI-for-age in South Asian children of 0-20 years in the Netherlands: secular changes and misclassification by WHO growth references.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 15;45(2):116-122. Epub 2018 Mar 15.
    a Department of Public Health and Primary Care , Leiden University Medical Center , Leiden , the Netherlands.
    Background: South Asians are prone to cardiometabolic disease at lower BMI levels than most other ethnic groups, starting in childhood. The magnitude of BMI misclassifications is unknown.

    Aim: To compare the BMI distribution of contemporary South Asian 0-20 year olds in the Netherlands with: (1) The South Asian norm reference (secular trends); and (2) The WHO child growth standard and reference. Read More

    Secular trend of head and face shape in adult population of Vojvodina (Serbia).
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 26:1-7. Epub 2018 Mar 26.
    b Department for Anatomy, Medical Faculty , University of Novi Sad , Novi Sad , Serbia.
    Background: Different populations show variation in the pattern of change in craniofacial dimensions over time. Earlier studies of craniofacial traits in the Republic of Serbia were carried out, without any particular reference to secular changes.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to determine possible changes in craniofacial dimensions among the adult population of Vojvodina (Serbia) during a 33 year period. Read More

    Genetic characterisation of 19 autosomal STR loci in a population sample from the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 14;45(2):148-159. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    f Department of Biology, Section of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science , University of Gaziantep , Gaziantep , Turkey.
    Background: Southeastern Anatolia is the smallest, yet the most densely populated region among the seven major geographic constituents of Turkey. Situated in the Upper Mesopotamia, Southeastern Anatolia was also the northernmost extension of the Fertile Crescent, which is often considered as the earliest cradle of civilisation.

    Aim: To investigate the autosomal STR polymorphisms associated with a truly representative population sample pool from Southeastern Anatolia. Read More

    A study on the genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5 among the Orang Asli in Malaysia using a next generation sequencing platform.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 25;45(2):166-169. Epub 2018 Feb 25.
    a Integrative Pharmacogenomics Institute (iPROMISE) , Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor (UiTM) , ALAM , Malaysia.
    Background: CYP3A5 is the predominant sub-family of biotransformation enzymes in the liver and the genetic variations in CYP3A5 are an important determinant of inter-individual and inter-ethnic differences in CYP3A-mediated drug disposition and response.

    Aim: This study aims to investigate the genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5 among the Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia using a next generation sequencing platform.

    Methods: Genomic DNAs were extracted from blood samples of the three main Orang Asli tribes and whole-genome sequencing was performed. Read More

    Dinucleotide (CA)n tandem repeats on the human X-chromosome and the history of the Mediterranean populations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):72-76
    a Departamento de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales , Universitat de Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain.
    Background: Tandem repeats (STRs) are genomic markers of particular interest in forensic and population genetics. Most of the population data currently available correspond to the variation of STRs of forensic panels, which barely include dinucleotide tandem repeats.

    Aims: The aim of the study is to test the usefulness of a battery of dinucleotide STRs on the X chromosome for population and forensic studies. Read More

    Reconstructing the genetic history of Italians: new insights from a male (Y-chromosome) perspective.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):44-56
    a Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie "L. Spallanzani" , Università di Pavia , Pavia , Italy.
    Background: Due to its central and strategic position in Europe and in the Mediterranean Basin, the Italian Peninsula played a pivotal role in the first peopling of the European continent and has been a crossroad of peoples and cultures since then.

    Aim: This study aims to gain more information on the genetic structure of modern Italian populations and to shed light on the migration/expansion events that led to their formation.

    Subjects And Methods: High resolution Y-chromosome variation analysis in 817 unrelated males from 10 informative areas of Italy was performed. Read More

    Mitochondrial DNA structure of an isolated Tunisian Berber population and its relationship with Mediterranean populations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):86-97
    a Laboratory of Biomedical Genomics and Oncogenetics , Institut Pasteur in Tunis , Tunis , Tunisia.
    Background: Douiret is an isolated Berber population from South-Eastern Tunisia. The strong geographic and cultural isolation characterising this population might have contributed to remarkable endogamy and consanguinity, which were practiced for several centuries.

    Aim: The objective of this study is to evaluate the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic structure of Douiret and to compare it to other Mediterranean populations with a special focus on major haplogroup T. Read More

    Enlarging the gene-geography of Europe and the Mediterranean area to STR loci of common forensic use: longitudinal and latitudinal frequency gradients.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):77-85
    a Department of Biology , University of Rome Tor Vergata , Rome , Italy.
    Background: Tetranucleotide Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) for human identification and common use in forensic cases have recently been used to address the population genetics of the North-Eastern Mediterranean area. However, to gain confidence in the inferences made using STRs, this kind of analysis should be challenged with changes in three main aspects of the data, i.e. Read More

    The genetic landscape of Mediterranean North African populations through complete mtDNA sequences.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):98-104
    a Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut, Institute of Evolutionary Biology (CSIC-UPF) , Universitat Pompeu Fabra , Barcelona , Spain.
    Background: The genetic composition of human North African populations is an amalgam of different ancestral components coming from the Middle East, Europe, south-Saharan Africa and autochthonous to North Africa. This complex genetic pattern is the result of migrations and admixtures in the region since Palaeolithic times.

    Aims: The objective of the present study is to refine knowledge of the population history of North African populations through the analysis of complete mitochondrial sequences. Read More

    Mediterranean Y-chromosome 2.0-why the Y in the Mediterranean is still relevant in the postgenomic era.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):20-33
    c Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES), Department of Biosciences , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.
    Context: Due to its unique paternal inheritance, the Y-chromosome has been a highly popular marker among population geneticists for over two decades. Recently, the advent of cost-effective genome-wide methods has unlocked information-rich autosomal genomic data, paving the way to the postgenomic era. This seems to have announced the decreasing popularity of investigating Y-chromosome variation, which provides only the paternal perspective of human ancestries and is strongly influenced by genetic drift and social behaviour. Read More

    Mitochondrial variability in the Mediterranean area: a complex stage for human migrations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):5-19
    a Centre of Molecular Anthropology for Ancient DNA Studies , University of Rome "Tor Vergata" , Rome , Italy.
    Context: The Mediterranean area has always played a significant role in human dispersal due to the large number of migratory events contributing to shape the cultural features and the genetic pool of its populations.

    Objective: This paper aims to review and diachronically describe the mitogenome variability in the Mediterranean population and the main demic diffusions that occurred in this area over time.

    Methods: Frequency distributions of the leading mitochondrial haplogroups have been geographically and chronologically evaluated. Read More

    The changing pattern and determinants of declining consanguinity in Jordan during 1990-2012.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 19;45(2):140-147. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
    a Department of Mathematics and Statistics , Sultan Qaboos University , Muscat , Sultanate of Oman.
    Background: Consanguinity is a deep rooted cultural trait in Jordan.

    Aim: To examine the patterns and determinants of declining rates of consanguineous marriage in Jordan during 1990-2012 in the context of the changing pattern of socio-economic and demographic conditions.

    Materials And Methods: The data come from the 1990 and 2012 Jordan Population and Family Health Surveys (JPFHSs). Read More

    Differential human growth restudied.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 30;45(2):110-115. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
    a Department of Biology , Ghent University , Gent , Belgium.
    Background: The study of differential growth in various animals suggests that a similar growth pattern occurs throughout the bilateral animals. This growth pattern is based on the assumption that a quadratic equation describes the relationship between two body measurements, yielding a quadratic parabola in a graphic presentation.

    Aim: Can human growth be studied by comparing body measurements? If the growth of one body part has a definite relation to the growth of another body part and if this relation can be expressed in a quadratic formula, then important conclusions can be reached. Read More

    Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its associated factors among the urban elderly population in Hyderabad metropolitan city, South India.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Mar 15;45(2):133-139. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    e Food Chemistry Division , National Institute of Nutrition , Hyderabad , India.
    Background: Deficiency of vitamin D has been associated with various health conditions. However, vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and factors associated with VDD are not well studied, especially among the urban elderly population of India.

    Aim: To assess the prevalence of VDD and its associated factors among the urban free-living elderly population in Hyderabad. Read More

    Iron Age Italic population genetics: the Piceni from Novilara (8th-7th century BC).
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):34-43
    b Department of Cultural Heritage , University of Bologna , Ravenna , Italy.
    Background: Archaeological data provide evidence that Italy, during the Iron Age, witnessed the appearance of the first communities with well defined cultural identities. To date, only a few studies report genetic data about these populations and, in particular, the Piceni have never been analysed.

    Aims: To provide new data about mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variability of an Iron Age Italic population, to understand the contribution of the Piceni in shaping the modern Italian gene pool and to ascertain the kinship between some individuals buried in the same grave within the Novilara necropolis. Read More

    Overweight and obesity risk factors in children aged 3-7 years: a prospective study in the city of Kraków.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec;44(8):693-703
    a Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Physical Education , University of Physical Education in Kraków , Krakow , Poland.
    Background: Early identified factors determining overweight and obesity in childhood may be important for preventive purposes.

    Aim: To evaluate the influence of the commonly accepted and hypothetical risk factors for overweight/obesity and their mutual relations, using the method of classification trees.

    Subjects And Methods: The data were collected during anthropometric surveys carried out in 2010 in Kraków, Poland. Read More

    Ripples on the surface. Surnames and genes in Sicily and Southern Italy.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):57-65
    a Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences , University of Bologna , Bologna , Italy.
    Background: Southern Italy and Sicily played a key role in the peopling history of the Mediterranean. While genetic research showed the remarkable homogeneity of these regions, surname-based studies instead suggested low population mobility, hence potential structuring.

    Aim: In order to better understand these different patterns, this study (1) thoroughly analysed the surname structure of Sicily and Southern Italy and (2) tested its relationships with a wide set of molecular markers. Read More

    Modelling height in adolescence: a comparison of methods for estimating the age at peak height velocity.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 7;44(8):715-722. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a School of Social and Community Medicine , University of Bristol , Bristol , UK.
    Background: Controlling for maturational status and timing is crucial in lifecourse epidemiology. One popular non-invasive measure of maturity is the age at peak height velocity (PHV). There are several ways to estimate age at PHV, but it is unclear which of these to use in practice. Read More

    Blood lead levels, pulmonary function and agility in Polish schoolchildren.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 30;44(8):723-728. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    e School of Medicine , University of Louisville , Louisville , KY , USA.
    Background: Reduced vital capacity (VC) and forced vital capacity (FVC) are associated with lead (Pb) exposure.

    Aim: The objective of this study is to analyse the effects of Pb on FVC and the shuttle run performance.

    Subjects And Methods: Data were available for 184 male and 189 female Polish schoolchildren aged 10-15 years. Read More

    Longitudinal changes in BMI z-scores among 45 414 2-4-year olds with severe obesity.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 30;44(8):687-692. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    a Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta , GA , USA.
    Background: BMI z-scores (BMIz) based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts among children do not accurately characterise BMI levels among children with very high BMIs. These limitations may be particularly relevant in longitudinal and intervention studies, as the large changes in the L (normality) and S (dispersion) parameters with age can influence BMIz.

    Aim: To compare longitudinal changes in BMIz with BMI expressed as a percentage of the 95th percentile (%BMIp95) and a modified z-score calculated as log(BMI/M)/S. Read More

    Molecular analysis of haemoglobin E in Southeast Asian populations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 19;44(8):747-750. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    a Centre for Research and Development of Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences , Khon Kaen University , Khon Kaen , Thailand.
    Haemoglobin (Hb) E is the most common Hb variant in Asia where its gene frequency approaches 0.3 in some areas. We studied genetic background of Hb E genes among Southeast Asian populations. Read More

    An anthropometric survey of US pre-term and full-term neonates.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 7;44(8):678-686. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    j Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine , Durham , NC , USA.
    Background: Anthropometric data prove valuable for screening and monitoring various medical conditions. In young infants, however, only weight, length and head circumference are represented in publicly accessible databases.

    Aim: To characterise length and circumferential measures in pre-term and full-term infants up to 90 days post-natal. Read More

    The accuracy of neck circumference for assessing overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 1;44(8):667-677. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    a Post-Graduation Program in Health and Environment , University of Joinville Region - UNIVILLE , Joinville , SC , Brazil.
    Context: Neck circumference (NC) has been suggested as an alternative measure to screen for excess body weight.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the accuracy of neck circumference (NC) as a measure for assessing overweight and obesity in both sexes in different age groups.

    Methods: Detailed individual search strategies were developed for each of the following bibliographic databases: Cochrane, LILACS, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Scopus and Web of Science. Read More

    Reference data for ultrasound bone characteristics in Hungarian children aged 7-19 years.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 3;44(8):704-714. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    a Department of Health Sciences and Sport Medicine , University of Physical Education , Budapest , Hungary.
    Backround: Osteoporosis is a common disease and physical activity (PA) has a favourable influence on bone status.

    Aim: To establish normative data for calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) bone characteristics in children and to analyse the relationships between PA, anthropometric and bone parameters.

    Subjects And Methods: Hungarian children aged 7-19 (n = 2674; 1325 girls, 1349 boys) provided PA, anthropometric and bone data. Read More

    Physical inactivity and cognitive impairment in Korean older adults: gender differences in potential covariates.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 16;44(8):729-737. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    a College of Sport Science , Sungkyunkwan University , Suwon , Republic of Korea.
    Background: Physical inactivity is one major lifestyle risk factor of mild cognitive impairment with ageing.

    Aim: To investigate whether or not potential covariates modulate the association between physical activity (PA) and cognitive impairment in older adults.

    Subjects And Methods: Data from 10 245 Korean older adults (5817 women) were used. Read More

    Narrowing urban-suburban rural disparities in physical growth among children in China: findings from the 5th national survey in 2015.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov;44(7):636-641
    a Department of Growth and Development , Capital Institute of Pediatrics , Beijing , PR China.
    Background: Previous studies have reported a narrowing tendency in urban-suburban rural differences for height, but almost no tendency of narrowing for weight in Chinese children between 1975-2005.

    Aim: To examine urban-suburban rural disparities for both height and weight in a recent 10-year period.

    Subjects And Methods: A representative sample of 161,643 children under 7 years old was obtained from the 5th national survey conducted in urban and suburban rural areas of the nine cities in China in 2015. Read More

    Genetic variability of CYP2D6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 genes across the Italian Peninsula.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb 3;45(1):66-71. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    a Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences , University of Bologna. Institute of Legal Medicine , Bologna , Italy.
    Background: Environmental conditions and past migratory events may have shaped genetic heterogeneity of clinically relevant enzymes involved in the phase I metabolism of the most common therapeutic drugs.

    Aim: To investigate the genetic variability of CYP2D6, CYP2B6, CYP2C19 and CYP2C9 across the Italian Peninsula, by sampling only ancestrally and geographically homogeneous individuals from northern, central and southern Italy.

    Subjects And Methods: A total of 25 SNPs were genotyped in 174 unrelated Italian individuals by means of multiplex PCR and minisequencing reactions. Read More

    1 OF 51