2,685 results match your criteria Annals of Human Biology [Journal]


Enamel multidien biological timing and body size variability among individuals of Chinese Han and Tibetan origins.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 13:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Biomaterials, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY, USA.

Aims: To measure the number of days of enamel formation between periodic striae of Retzius growth lines, the Retzius periodicity (RP), and to compare this multi-day, or multidien rhythm, to body height and weight among people from Beijing, China and Lhasa, Tibet/China.

Subjects And Methods: Subjects requiring dental extractions from clinics in Beijing, China ( = 338) and Lhasa, Tibet/China ( = 227) provided a tooth and body size information. Multiple observers examined histological sections of the teeth and recorded RP. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1785010DOI Listing

How can two biological variables have opposing secular trends, yet be positively related? A demonstration using timing of puberty and adult height.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 12:1-13. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough.

Timing of puberty and adult height have opposing secular trends yet are positively associated in individuals. We demonstrate this using data from a single sample and discuss possible statistical and epidemiological reasons behind it. The sample comprised 365 females from Fels Longitudinal Study born 1929-1992. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1795256DOI Listing

Assessment of cardiovascular disease risk in Northern China: a cross-sectional study.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 3:1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Public Health College, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, China.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a life-threatening chronic illness. CVD risk may be influenced by environment and lifestyle. People in northern China usually consume high-fat, high-salt diets and alcohol and live in a cold climate over long periods. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1779814DOI Listing

Association between body mass index, physical activity and motor competence in children: moderation analysis by different environmental contexts.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 2:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Higher School of Physical Education, University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.

Although the association between body mass index (BMI), physical activity (PA) and motor competence (MC) has been widely investigated, the influence of different environmental contexts is not well defined. To analyse the relationship between BMI, PA and MC and the moderating role of the environmental context. A cross-sectional study was performed with 668 children (318 boys) aged 5-7 years (north-eastern district - Brazil). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1779815DOI Listing

Genetic diversity of X-STR markers in Jat Sikh population of Punjab, India and its comparison with other 39 global populations.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 1:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

DNA Division, State Forensic Science Laboratory, Jaipur, India.

The Jat Sikh population is the largest endogamous group of Punjab, a state in north-west India, and has not yet been explored for genetic polymorphism based on X-STR genetic markers. In India, which is the second most populous country in the world, only two population studies based on X-STR markers have been reported so far. To explore the genetic diversity of 12 X chromosomal STR genetic markers in the Jat Sikh population of Punjab and expand the X-STR polymorphism database. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1772876DOI Listing

Genetic structure and forensic characterisation of 36 Y-chromosomal STR loci in Hmong-Mien-speaking Miao population.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, Guizhou, China.

Background: Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) are widely used in paternity identification, pedigree investigation, and human population genetic history.

Aim: To investigate the Y-STR polymorphisms in a typical Miao population, and explore the genetic differentiation between the Miao population and reference groups.

Subjects And Methods: We detected 36 Y-STRs genotyping in 455 unrelated Miao individuals from Guizhou province, and analysed genetic differentiation between the Miao population and 76 reference groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1788159DOI Listing
July 2020
1.273 Impact Factor

Secular trends in cranial size and shape among black South Africans over the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 9:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Previous studies of secular change in cranial size among black South Africans have produced conflicting results.

Aim: We re-examined cranial size change in this population during the 19th and 20th century by evaluating its relationship with individual year-of-birth, and the significance of trends among eight decennial cohorts.

Subjects And Methods: This study is based on 102 male and 89 female adults born between 1865 and 1959. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1783361DOI Listing

Predicting the timing of the peak of the pubertal growth spurt in elite youth soccer players: evaluation of methods.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jun 16:1-23. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Three commonly used non-invasive protocols are implemented to estimate the timing at which PHV most likely occurs. Accurate estimation of circumpubertal years can aid in managing training load of adolescent athletes. Three protocols were compared against observed age at PHV: an estimate of 13. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1782989DOI Listing

Genome-wide analysis of unrecognised ethnic group Chuanqing people revealing a close affinity with Southern Han Chinese.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 3:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Anthropology and Ethnology, Institute of Anthropology, School of Sociology and Anthropology, and National Institute for Data Science in Health and Medicine, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Chuanqing is an unrecognised ethnic group in Guizhou, southwest China. The genetic history of the Chuanqing people is hotly debated due to a lack of available genetic data. To infer the genetic structure and population history of the Chuanqing people and genetic relationships of the Chuanqing with other East Asians. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1782470DOI Listing

The genomic ancestry of Jat Sikh population from Northwest India inferred from 15 autosomal STR markers using capillary electrophoresis.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jun 16:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Autosomal STR typing using capillary electrophoresis is a reliable method for establishing parentage and for deciphering genomic ancestry. This study was planned to show the genetic diversity of the Jat Sikh population, which is a widespread community of the Punjab region, and to assess its genetic relationship with existing Indian populations. Blood samples of unrelated healthy individuals of the Jat Sikhs (n = 123) were used in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1772877DOI Listing

Estimating peak height velocity in individuals: a comparison of statistical methods.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jun 16:1-12. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Missouri Orthopaedic Institute, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Estimates pertaining to the timing of the adolescent growth spurt (e.g. peak height velocity; PHV), including age at peak height velocity (aPHV), play a critical role in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of skeletal growth and/or developmental disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1763458DOI Listing

Genetic characterisation and forensic importance of 20 Y-STRs in Han population from Anshan, Northeast of China.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jul 9:1-5. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, P.R. China.

Background: With a population of over 1.4 billion and 56 ethnic groups, China is the largest country in the world in terms of population. Han is the main ethnic group of China (93%). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1781930DOI Listing

Developmental fitness curves: Assessing sprint acceleration relative to age and maturity status in elite junior tennis players.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Jun 10:1-34. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin.

Background: The influence of maturity-status on athletic performance is reasonably well documented. Methodological and practical issues of assessment and lack of longitudinal data have impacted the success of various models.

Aim: To develop age- and sex-specific developmental curves for sprint acceleration in elite youth tennis players and to address variation in performance relative to chronological and biological agesSubjects and methods: Measures of acceleration were available for 3120 elite youth tennis players aged 8-15 years attending National and Regional Talent Identification days. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1781250DOI Listing

Age estimation in children based on open apices measurement in the Serbian population: Belgrade Age Formula (BAF).

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 28;47(3):229-236. Epub 2020 May 28.

Clinic for Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Cameriere's method has been tested in many populations and is widely accepted for dental age estimation. To establish a new formula for age estimation by measurement of open apices of mandibular teeth based on Cameriere's European formula. Panoramic radiographs of 333 healthy Serbian children aged 5-14 years were analysed by two independent researchers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1764621DOI Listing

Age period cohort analysis: a review of what we should and shouldn't do.

Authors:
Andrew Bell

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):208-217

University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Age, period and birth cohort (APC) effects have been known for decades in biological, health and social sciences. However, exact collinearity between these three (Age = Year - Birth Year) leads to difficulty estimating these effects. It is thus impossible to estimate linear components of these effects without strong assumptions about at least one of these. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1707872DOI Listing

Early life body size and its associations with adult bladder cancer.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):166-172

Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, The Capital Region, Frederiksberg, Denmark.

Adult overweight is a potential bladder cancer (BC) risk factor, but little is known about size earlier in life. To investigate if birth weight, childhood body mass index (BMI), height and growth are associated with adult BC. Anthropometric information from birth and ages 7-13 on 315,763 individuals born 1930-1989 in the Copenhagen School Health Records Register was linked to national registers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1707873DOI Listing

Evolutionary life history theory as an organising framework for cohort studies: insights from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):94-105

Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.

By tracking a group of individuals through time, cohort studies provide fundamental insights into the developmental time course and causes of health and disease. Evolutionary life history theory seeks to explain patterns of growth, development, reproduction and senescence, and inspires a range of hypotheses that are testable using the longitudinal data from cohort studies. Here we review two decades of life history theory-motivated work conducted in collaboration with the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS), a birth cohort study that enrolled more than 3000 pregnant women in the Philippines in 1983 and has since followed these women, their offspring and grandoffspring. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1742787DOI Listing

Assessing data linkage quality in cohort studies.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):218-226

Department of Population, Practice and Policy, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

Linkage of administrative data sources provides an efficient means of collecting detailed data on how individuals interact with cross-sectoral services, society, and the environment. These data can be used to supplement conventional cohort studies, or to create population-level electronic cohorts generated solely from administrative data. However, errors occurring during linkage (false matches/missed matches) can lead to bias in results from linked data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1742379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261400PMC

Cohort methods and applications in human biology.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):85-88

UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1750108DOI Listing

Which infancy growth parameters are associated with later adiposity? The Cambridge Baby Growth Study.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):142-149

Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Highly consistent positive associations are reported between infancy growth and later obesity risk. However, it is unclear whether infancy growth parameters beyond body weight add to the prediction of later obesity risk. To assess whether infancy length and skinfold thicknesses add to infancy weight in the prediction of childhood adiposity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1745887DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261401PMC
March 2020
1.273 Impact Factor

Affective symptoms across the life course and resilience in cognitive function.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):116-124

School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

Little is known about what factors can modify the relationship between affective symptoms and cognitive function across the life course. To investigate a number of factors that can contribute to resilience in cognitive function in relation to affective symptoms, using data from the National Child Development Study. Adult affective symptoms were measured using the Malaise Inventory Scale (ages 23, 33, 42 and 50). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1745886DOI Listing

Fetal growth does not modify the relationship of infant weight gain with childhood adiposity and blood pressure in the Southampton women's survey.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):150-158

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.

Rapid infant weight gain is a risk factor for childhood obesity. This relationship may depend on whether infant weight gain is preceded by in-utero growth restriction.: Examine whether fetal growth modifies the relationship between infant weight gain and childhood adiposity and blood pressure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1717616DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261399PMC

Complete and on-time routine childhood immunisation: determinants and association with severe morbidity in urban informal settlements, Nairobi, Kenya.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):132-141

Research Center for Vitamins and Vaccines, Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Completion of the full series of childhood vaccines on-time is crucial to ensuring greater protection against vaccine-preventable diseases. To examine determinants of complete and on-time vaccination and evaluate the relationship between vaccination patterns and severe morbidity outcomes. Vaccination information from infants in Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System was used to evaluate full and on-time vaccination coverage of routine immunisation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1725121DOI Listing
March 2020
1.273 Impact Factor

Using longitudinal data to understand nutrition and health interactions in rural Gambia.

Authors:
Sophie E Moore

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):125-131

Department of Women & Children's Health, King's College, London, UK.

: Population-based cohort studies have been pivotal in establishing a number of nutrition-health interactions, especially in high-income settings. Less research is available from low- and middle-income countries due to the lack of detailed longitudinal data.: To describe the use of prospectively collected longitudinal data from the rural West Kiang region of The Gambia to explore nutrition-health interactions in a rural sub-Saharan African context. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1718207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7287506PMC

Tanner's tempo of growth in adolescence: recent SITAR insights with the Harpenden Growth Study and ALSPAC.

Authors:
T J Cole

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):181-198

Department of Population, Policy and Practice Research and Teaching, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

James Tanner emphasised the "tempo" of growth, i.e. the adolescent spurt as summarised by its timing (age at peak velocity or APV) and intensity (peak velocity, PV). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1717615DOI Listing

Life course biological trajectories: maximising the value of longitudinal studies.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):227-228

CLOSER, Department of Social Science, UCL Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1737732DOI Listing

Differences in the relationship of weight to height, and thus the meaning of BMI, according to age, sex, and birth year cohort.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):199-207

CLOSER, UCL Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK.

Weight can be adjusted for height using the Benn parameter (kg/m), where B is the power that minimises the correlation with height. To investigate how the Benn parameter changes across age (10-65 years) and time (1956-2015) and differs between sexes. The sample comprised 49,717 individuals born in 1946, 1958, 1970 or 2001. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1737731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261404PMC

Prenatal anxiety, breastfeeding and child growth and puberty: linking evolutionary models with human cohort studies.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):106-115

Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit, Bristol Medical School (Population Health Sciences), University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Stress experienced by mothers during pregnancy can have both immediate and long-term effects on child development, potentially mediated by breastfeeding. Using a UK birth cohort study, we asked how maternal stress relates to breastfeeding and consequences for growth and puberty onset. We analysed data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, collected via questionnaires and clinic visits (N: 698-8,506). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1751286DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261397PMC

The growth and development of cohort studies.

Authors:
Noël Cameron

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar;47(2):89-93

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.

Cohort studies are special forms of longitudinal studies that have long been accepted as the primary designs to acquire information on the interaction between the environment and health and the subsequent aetiology and progression of disease. Richard Doll, Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford University from 1969-1979, was the 20th century's pre-eminent epidemiologist in the UK. He used cohort studies to establish the relationship between smoking and health (primarily cancer) in the 1960s at a time when over 80% of British males smoked. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1727012DOI Listing

Age at puberty and accelerometer-measured physical activity: Findings from two independent UK cohorts.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 7:1-9. Epub 2020 May 7.

Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

It is unclear if puberty timing influences future physical activity (PA). To investigate the association of puberty timing with PA across adolescence and adulthood. Data were from two British cohorts. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1707284DOI Listing

Updated population genetic data of 15 autosomal STR loci in a Shandong Han population from East China and genetic relationships among 26 Chinese populations.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Apr 28:1-6. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Center of Forensic Expertise, Affiliated hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou, China.

The population genetics investigation of STR loci in specific populations is the basic premise for forensic practice, and the AmpFlSTRTM IdentifilerTM Plus kit is still widely used in most forensic DNA laboratories. To obtain more reliable and accurate population genetic data of 15 autosomal STRs in the Shandong Han population and explore the genetic relationship with 25 neighbouring Chinese populations. A total of 5356 unrelated Chinese Han individuals from Shandong Province were genotyped using the IdentifilerTM Plus Kit. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1749928DOI Listing

Does cord blood leptin level mediate the association between neonatal body size and postnatal growth? Results from the EDEN mother-child cohort study.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar 26;47(2):159-165. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Statistics, INSERM, Université de Paris, INRAe, Paris, France.

: Leptin is potentially involved in the correction of early postnatal growth of infants having deviated from their genetic trajectory in utero.: To analyse the potential mediating role of cord blood leptin level in the association between neonatal anthropometry and early postnatal growth in the mother-child EDEN cohort.: We included term newborns with information on leptin, birth weight and length, and weight and length SD-score changes over the first 2 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1748712DOI Listing

The association of sex of co-twin and birth size in twins born in Yucatan, Mexico between 2008 and 2017.

Authors:
Hugo Azcorra

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 22;47(3):250-255. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Centro de Investigaciones Silvio Zavala, Universidad Modelo, Mérida, México.

Birth measures of twins are potentially influenced by sex of co-twin. To analyse the association between sex of co-twin and birth weight, length and ponderal index in twin infants from Yucatan, Mexico. A total of 2057 twin pairs born during 2008-2017 were analysed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1749301DOI Listing

Analysis of forensic genetic parameters of 22 autosomal STR markers (PowerPlex® Fusion System) in a population sample from Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 17;47(3):273-283. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a multinational and multireligious country, located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. Migrations through history were a key factor in the genetic identity of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian population. To analyse genetic polymorphisms of 22 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to compare STR allele frequencies for STR loci with the reference data for European populations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1740319DOI Listing

Relationships between osteoarthritic changes (osteophytes, porosity, eburnation) based on historical skeletal material.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 16;47(3):263-272. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of the Prevention of Environmental Hazards and Allergology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Three main diagnostic types of osteoarthritic changes are distinguished in clinical and anthropological literature: osteophytes, porosity, and eburnation. The nature of the relationship between these changes and how lesions progress over time is still unclear. The aim of the present study is the analysis of the relationships between osteophytes, porosity, and eburnation based on skeletal material. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1741682DOI Listing

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) genetic variation and longevity in Peruvian older people: a cross-sectional study.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 13;47(3):309-312. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Discipline of Medical Gerontology, Mercer's Institute for Successful Ageing, St James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Some studies have suggested that the insertion(I)/deletion(D) polymorphism of the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) gene may be associated with human longevity, especially in centenarians. However, this association is still controversial. Besides, there have been no studies in Peruvians. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1748227DOI Listing

Paternal heritage of the Han Chinese in Henan province (Central China): high diversity and evidence of Neolithic expansions.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 13;47(3):294-299. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Anthropology and Ethnology, Institute of Anthropology, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Due to their long history, complex admixture processes and large population sizes, more research is required to explore the fine genetic structure of Han populations from different geographic locations of China. To characterise the paternal genetic structure of the Han Chinese in Henan province, which was once the central living region of the ancient Huaxia population, the precursors of the Han Chinese. We sequenced Y chromosomes of 60 males from Zhengzhou, Henan Province, and reconstructed a phylogenetic tree for these samples with age estimation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1748226DOI Listing
May 2020
1.273 Impact Factor

Relationship between insulin resistance and adipocytokines: the mediator role of adiposity in children.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 13;47(3):244-249. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Dance, Post-Graduation Program in Human Movement Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Leptin and adiponectin interact with each other in the modulation of obesity and insulin resistance (IR) and it is also important to consider the role of cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in these relationships.: To analyse the relationship between IR with adipocytokines in children, and to test the mediation effect of %BF (percentage of body fat) in the association of IR with leptin, adiponectin, and L/A ratio. This cross-sectional study comprised a sample of 150 schoolchildren, aged 6-11 years, from school in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1740320DOI Listing

Correction.

Authors:

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar 30. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1731147DOI Listing

Genetic variation and population structure analysis of Chinese Wuzhong Hui population using 30 Indels.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 22;47(3):300-303. Epub 2020 Mar 22.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, West China School of Basic Medical Science and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Insertions and deletions (Indels) have been used in routine forensic studies, archaeology, and population genetics. They have certain advantages, such as absence of stutter, small amplicon lengths, and low mutation rates. The genetic variations and forensic features of Indels in the Wuzhong Hui population are, as yet, unclear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1736627DOI Listing

Genetic diversity of 15 autosomal STRs in a sample of Berbers from Aurès region in the Northeast of Algeria and genetic relationships with other neighbouring samples.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 18;47(3):284-293. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire, Faculté des Sciences Biologiques, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie Houari Boumediene, Alger, Algeria.

The history of the Aurès mountains and neighbouring areas, a large region of the East of Algeria, was part of the history of the ancient independent Berber kingdoms supposed to be the ancestors of the current Berber people. The genetic background of this region has not yet been clarified. The aims of our study were to investigate the genetic characteristics of 15 autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) in a sample from these regions, to determine the degree of heterogeneity among Algerian and North African samples and to analyse the genetic relationships with other populations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1736628DOI Listing

BMI and inverted BMI as predictors of fat mass in young people: a comparison across the ages.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 18;47(3):237-243. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Public Health, Experimental Medicine and Forensic, Sport Sciences Unit, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

The use of body mass index (BMI) could lead to over/under estimation of fat mass percentage (FM%). An alternative index (inverted BMI, iBMI) has been proposed as a better estimator of FM% in adults, while its practical feasibility in children and adolescents has not been fully investigated. To examine if iBMI can better estimate FM% than BMI in children/adolescents. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1738551DOI Listing

The effects of dopamine receptor genes on the trajectories of sport participation from adolescence through young adulthood.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 18;47(3):256-262. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Although previous studies suggest that dopamine receptor genes partially affect physical activity-related behaviours, all of these studies were cross-sectional studies that examined the effects of dopamine receptor genes on physical activity-related behaviours at some point in time. Therefore, the nature and extent of this relationship across the lifespan are even more uncertain. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dopamine receptor genes (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1736629DOI Listing

Low birthweight prevalence among Spanish women during the economic crisis: differences by parity.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 May 10;47(3):304-308. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Previous studies have demonstrated a negative, significant impact on birthweight associated with the current economic crisis in Spain, which has also been reported for other European countries. Effects by parity are not known. Our aim is to compare the trends in low birthweight (LBW) by parity in Spain from 1996 to 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1727010DOI Listing

Birth weight, childhood body mass index and height and risks of endometriosis and adenomyosis.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Mar 9;47(2):173-180. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, The Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Body size in adult life is likely associated with risks of endometriosis and adenomyosis, yet little is known about associations with body size earlier in life. To examine whether birth weight, childhood body mass index (BMI) and height are associated with risks of endometriosis and adenomyosis. From the Copenhagen School Health Records Register, 171,447 girls born 1930-1996, with measured weights and heights at ages 7-13 were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1727011DOI Listing

Genetic investigation and phylogenetic analysis of three Chinese ethnic groups using 16 X chromosome STR loci.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Feb;47(1):59-64

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Justice, Shanghai, P.R. China.

The value of using X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (X-STRs) as genetic markers in human genetics has been widely recognised. However, the 16 X-STRs in the Goldeneye DNA ID System 17X kit have not been thoroughly applied. To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 16 X-STRs in three main ethnic minorities (Tibetan, Mongolian and Kazakh) in China and to reveal the phylogenetic relationships of different populations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1704871DOI Listing
February 2020
1.273 Impact Factor

Age at menarche associated with subsequent educational attainment and risk-taking behaviours: the Pelotas 1982 Birth Cohort.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Feb 7;47(1):18-24. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Earlier age at menarche (AAM), a marker of puberty timing in females, has been associated with a higher likelihood of adolescent risk-taking behaviours and variably associated with educational attainment. To examine the association between AAM and educational attainment in the Pelotas, Brazil, 1982 Birth Cohort. AAM was categorised as Early (7-11 years), Average (12-13 years), or Late (14+ years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1715476DOI Listing
February 2020

Inter-regional differences in body proportions in Indian children and adolescents-a cross-sectional multicentric study.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Feb 3;47(1):1-9. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Growth and Endocrine Unit, Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir Hospital, Pune, India.

Sitting height (SH) and leg length (LL) help in assessing disproportionate growth. Anthropometric dissimilarity has been observed in different ethnicities. To (1) study sitting height and body proportions in children from different regions of India; and (2) compare sitting height and body proportions with data from other countries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1698656DOI Listing
February 2020

Trends in age at menarche and adult height in selected African countries (1950-1980).

Authors:
Michel Garenne

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Feb 29;47(1):25-31. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Epidémiologie des Maladies Emergentes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

The mean age at menarche remains poorly documented in Africa. To document levels, trends, and determinants of mean age at menarche in selected African populations. The World Fertility Surveys recorded the age at menarche in 12 African countries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1716994DOI Listing
February 2020

Leprosy in skulls from the Paris Catacombs.

Ann Hum Biol 2020 Feb 28;47(1):42-47. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Université Paris-Saclay, UVSQ, «Anthropology, Archaeology, Biology» (LAAB), Montigny-Le-Bretonneux, France.

The Paris Catacombs contain the remains of approximately 6 million people dating back to the 15th century, when leprosy was endemic in France. The aim of this palaeopathological study was to identify the presence of leprosy in skulls from the Paris Catacombs. Macroscopic examination of skulls for bone changes secondary to oronasal soft tissue infection by leprosy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2020.1714729DOI Listing
February 2020