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    2493 results match your criteria Annals of Human Biology [Journal]

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    A study on the genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5 among the Orang Asli in Malaysia using next generation sequencing platform.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb 15:1-12. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    a Integrative Pharmacogenomics Institute (iPROMISE), Universiti Teknologi MARA Selangor (UiTM) , Malaysia.
    CYP3A5 is the predominant subfamily of biotransformation enzymes in the liver and the genetic variations in CYP3A5 are an important determinant of interindividual and interethnic differences in CYP3A-mediated drug disposition and response. This study aims to investigate the genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5 among the Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia using next generation sequencing platform. Genomic DNAs were extracted from blood samples of the three main Orang Asli tribes and whole-genome sequencing was performed. Read More

    Dinucleotide (CA)n tandem repeats on the human X-chromosome and the history of the Mediterranean populations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):72-76
    a Departamento de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales , Universitat de Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain.
    Background: Tandem repeats (STRs) are genomic markers of particular interest in forensic and population genetics. Most of the population data currently available correspond to the variation of STRs of forensic panels, which barely include dinucleotide tandem repeats.

    Aims: The aim of the study is to test the usefulness of a battery of dinucleotide STRs on the X chromosome for population and forensic studies. Read More

    Reconstructing the genetic history of Italians: new insights from a male (Y-chromosome) perspective.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):44-56
    a Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie "L. Spallanzani" , Università di Pavia , Pavia , Italy.
    Background: Due to its central and strategic position in Europe and in the Mediterranean Basin, the Italian Peninsula played a pivotal role in the first peopling of the European continent and has been a crossroad of peoples and cultures since then.

    Aim: This study aims to gain more information on the genetic structure of modern Italian populations and to shed light on the migration/expansion events that led to their formation.

    Subjects And Methods: High resolution Y-chromosome variation analysis in 817 unrelated males from 10 informative areas of Italy was performed. Read More

    Mitochondrial DNA structure of an isolated Tunisian Berber population and its relationship with Mediterranean populations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):86-97
    a Laboratory of Biomedical Genomics and Oncogenetics , Institut Pasteur in Tunis , Tunis , Tunisia.
    Background: Douiret is an isolated Berber population from South-Eastern Tunisia. The strong geographic and cultural isolation characterising this population might have contributed to remarkable endogamy and consanguinity, which were practiced for several centuries.

    Aim: The objective of this study is to evaluate the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic structure of Douiret and to compare it to other Mediterranean populations with a special focus on major haplogroup T. Read More

    Enlarging the gene-geography of Europe and the Mediterranean area to STR loci of common forensic use: longitudinal and latitudinal frequency gradients.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):77-85
    a Department of Biology , University of Rome Tor Vergata , Rome , Italy.
    Background: Tetranucleotide Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) for human identification and common use in forensic cases have recently been used to address the population genetics of the North-Eastern Mediterranean area. However, to gain confidence in the inferences made using STRs, this kind of analysis should be challenged with changes in three main aspects of the data, i.e. Read More

    The genetic landscape of Mediterranean North African populations through complete mtDNA sequences.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):98-104
    a Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut, Institute of Evolutionary Biology (CSIC-UPF) , Universitat Pompeu Fabra , Barcelona , Spain.
    Background: The genetic composition of human North African populations is an amalgam of different ancestral components coming from the Middle East, Europe, south-Saharan Africa and autochthonous to North Africa. This complex genetic pattern is the result of migrations and admixtures in the region since Palaeolithic times.

    Aims: The objective of the present study is to refine knowledge of the population history of North African populations through the analysis of complete mitochondrial sequences. Read More

    Mediterranean Y-chromosome 2.0-why the Y in the Mediterranean is still relevant in the postgenomic era.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):20-33
    c Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES), Department of Biosciences , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.
    Context: Due to its unique paternal inheritance, the Y-chromosome has been a highly popular marker among population geneticists for over two decades. Recently, the advent of cost-effective genome-wide methods has unlocked information-rich autosomal genomic data, paving the way to the postgenomic era. This seems to have announced the decreasing popularity of investigating Y-chromosome variation, which provides only the paternal perspective of human ancestries and is strongly influenced by genetic drift and social behaviour. Read More

    Mitochondrial variability in the Mediterranean area: a complex stage for human migrations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):5-19
    a Centre of Molecular Anthropology for Ancient DNA Studies , University of Rome "Tor Vergata" , Rome , Italy.
    Context: The Mediterranean area has always played a significant role in human dispersal due to the large number of migratory events contributing to shape the cultural features and the genetic pool of its populations.

    Objective: This paper aims to review and diachronically describe the mitogenome variability in the Mediterranean population and the main demic diffusions that occurred in this area over time.

    Methods: Frequency distributions of the leading mitochondrial haplogroups have been geographically and chronologically evaluated. Read More

    The changing pattern and determinants of declining consanguinity in Jordan during 1990-2012.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb 19:1-8. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
    a Department of Mathematics and Statistics , Sultan Qaboos University , Muscat , Sultanate of Oman.
    Background: Consanguinity is a deep rooted cultural trait in Jordan.

    Aim: To examine the patterns and determinants of declining rates of consanguineous marriage in Jordan during 1990-2012 in the context of the changing pattern of socio-economic and demographic conditions.

    Materials And Methods: The data come from the 1990 and 2012 Jordan Population and Family Health Surveys (JPFHSs). Read More

    Differential human growth restudied.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Jan 30:1-6. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
    a Department of Biology , Ghent University , Gent , Belgium.
    Background: The study of differential growth in various animals suggests that a similar growth pattern occurs throughout the bilateral animals. This growth pattern is based on the assumption that a quadratic equation describes the relationship between two body measurements, yielding a quadratic parabola in a graphic presentation.

    Aim: Can human growth be studied by comparing body measurements? If the growth of one body part has a definite relation to the growth of another body part and if this relation can be expressed in a quadratic formula, then important conclusions can be reached. Read More

    Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its associated factors among the urban elderly population in Hyderabad metropolitan city, South India.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    e Food Chemistry Division , National Institute of Nutrition , Hyderabad , India.
    Background: Deficiency of vitamin D has been associated with various health conditions. However, vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and factors associated with VDD are not well studied, especially among the urban elderly population of India.

    Aim: To assess the prevalence of VDD and its associated factors among the urban free-living elderly population in Hyderabad. Read More

    Iron Age Italic population genetics: the Piceni from Novilara (8th-7th century BC).
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):34-43
    b Department of Cultural Heritage , University of Bologna , Ravenna , Italy.
    Background: Archaeological data provide evidence that Italy, during the Iron Age, witnessed the appearance of the first communities with well defined cultural identities. To date, only a few studies report genetic data about these populations and, in particular, the Piceni have never been analysed.

    Aims: To provide new data about mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variability of an Iron Age Italic population, to understand the contribution of the Piceni in shaping the modern Italian gene pool and to ascertain the kinship between some individuals buried in the same grave within the Novilara necropolis. Read More

    Overweight and obesity risk factors in children aged 3-7 years: a prospective study in the city of Kraków.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec;44(8):693-703
    a Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Physical Education , University of Physical Education in Kraków , Krakow , Poland.
    Background: Early identified factors determining overweight and obesity in childhood may be important for preventive purposes.

    Aim: To evaluate the influence of the commonly accepted and hypothetical risk factors for overweight/obesity and their mutual relations, using the method of classification trees.

    Subjects And Methods: The data were collected during anthropometric surveys carried out in 2010 in Kraków, Poland. Read More

    Ripples on the surface. Surnames and genes in Sicily and Southern Italy.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb;45(1):57-65
    a Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences , University of Bologna , Bologna , Italy.
    Background: Southern Italy and Sicily played a key role in the peopling history of the Mediterranean. While genetic research showed the remarkable homogeneity of these regions, surname-based studies instead suggested low population mobility, hence potential structuring.

    Aim: In order to better understand these different patterns, this study (1) thoroughly analysed the surname structure of Sicily and Southern Italy and (2) tested its relationships with a wide set of molecular markers. Read More

    Modelling height in adolescence: a comparison of methods for estimating the age at peak height velocity.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 7;44(8):715-722. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    a School of Social and Community Medicine , University of Bristol , Bristol , UK.
    Background: Controlling for maturational status and timing is crucial in lifecourse epidemiology. One popular non-invasive measure of maturity is the age at peak height velocity (PHV). There are several ways to estimate age at PHV, but it is unclear which of these to use in practice. Read More

    Blood lead levels, pulmonary function and agility in Polish schoolchildren.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 30;44(8):723-728. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    e School of Medicine , University of Louisville , Louisville , KY , USA.
    Background: Reduced vital capacity (VC) and forced vital capacity (FVC) are associated with lead (Pb) exposure.

    Aim: The objective of this study is to analyse the effects of Pb on FVC and the shuttle run performance.

    Subjects And Methods: Data were available for 184 male and 189 female Polish schoolchildren aged 10-15 years. Read More

    Longitudinal changes in BMI z-scores among 45 414 2-4-year olds with severe obesity.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 30;44(8):687-692. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    a Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta , GA , USA.
    Background: BMI z-scores (BMIz) based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts among children do not accurately characterise BMI levels among children with very high BMIs. These limitations may be particularly relevant in longitudinal and intervention studies, as the large changes in the L (normality) and S (dispersion) parameters with age can influence BMIz.

    Aim: To compare longitudinal changes in BMIz with BMI expressed as a percentage of the 95th percentile (%BMIp95) and a modified z-score calculated as log(BMI/M)/S. Read More

    Molecular analysis of haemoglobin E in Southeast Asian populations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 19;44(8):747-750. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    a Centre for Research and Development of Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences , Khon Kaen University , Khon Kaen , Thailand.
    Haemoglobin (Hb) E is the most common Hb variant in Asia where its gene frequency approaches 0.3 in some areas. We studied genetic background of Hb E genes among Southeast Asian populations. Read More

    An anthropometric survey of US pre-term and full-term neonates.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 7;44(8):678-686. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    j Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine , Durham , NC , USA.
    Background: Anthropometric data prove valuable for screening and monitoring various medical conditions. In young infants, however, only weight, length and head circumference are represented in publicly accessible databases.

    Aim: To characterise length and circumferential measures in pre-term and full-term infants up to 90 days post-natal. Read More

    The accuracy of neck circumference for assessing overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 1;44(8):667-677. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    a Post-Graduation Program in Health and Environment , University of Joinville Region - UNIVILLE , Joinville , SC , Brazil.
    Context: Neck circumference (NC) has been suggested as an alternative measure to screen for excess body weight.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the accuracy of neck circumference (NC) as a measure for assessing overweight and obesity in both sexes in different age groups.

    Methods: Detailed individual search strategies were developed for each of the following bibliographic databases: Cochrane, LILACS, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Scopus and Web of Science. Read More

    Reference data for ultrasound bone characteristics in Hungarian children aged 7-19 years.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 3;44(8):704-714. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    a Department of Health Sciences and Sport Medicine , University of Physical Education , Budapest , Hungary.
    Backround: Osteoporosis is a common disease and physical activity (PA) has a favourable influence on bone status.

    Aim: To establish normative data for calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) bone characteristics in children and to analyse the relationships between PA, anthropometric and bone parameters.

    Subjects And Methods: Hungarian children aged 7-19 (n = 2674; 1325 girls, 1349 boys) provided PA, anthropometric and bone data. Read More

    Physical inactivity and cognitive impairment in Korean older adults: gender differences in potential covariates.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 16;44(8):729-737. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    a College of Sport Science , Sungkyunkwan University , Suwon , Republic of Korea.
    Background: Physical inactivity is one major lifestyle risk factor of mild cognitive impairment with ageing.

    Aim: To investigate whether or not potential covariates modulate the association between physical activity (PA) and cognitive impairment in older adults.

    Subjects And Methods: Data from 10 245 Korean older adults (5817 women) were used. Read More

    Narrowing urban-suburban rural disparities in physical growth among children in China: findings from the 5th national survey in 2015.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov;44(7):636-641
    a Department of Growth and Development , Capital Institute of Pediatrics , Beijing , PR China.
    Background: Previous studies have reported a narrowing tendency in urban-suburban rural differences for height, but almost no tendency of narrowing for weight in Chinese children between 1975-2005.

    Aim: To examine urban-suburban rural disparities for both height and weight in a recent 10-year period.

    Subjects And Methods: A representative sample of 161,643 children under 7 years old was obtained from the 5th national survey conducted in urban and suburban rural areas of the nine cities in China in 2015. Read More

    Genetic variability of CYP2D6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 genes across the Italian Peninsula.
    Ann Hum Biol 2018 Feb 3;45(1):66-71. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    a Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences , University of Bologna. Institute of Legal Medicine , Bologna , Italy.
    Background: Environmental conditions and past migratory events may have shaped genetic heterogeneity of clinically relevant enzymes involved in the phase I metabolism of the most common therapeutic drugs.

    Aim: To investigate the genetic variability of CYP2D6, CYP2B6, CYP2C19 and CYP2C9 across the Italian Peninsula, by sampling only ancestrally and geographically homogeneous individuals from northern, central and southern Italy.

    Subjects And Methods: A total of 25 SNPs were genotyped in 174 unrelated Italian individuals by means of multiplex PCR and minisequencing reactions. Read More

    Migrant elders in Hainan, China, report better health and lower depression than local-born elderly residents.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 27;44(7):622-627. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    d Department of Neurology , Haikou People's Hospital & Central South University, Xiangya School of Medicine Affiliated Haikou Hospital , Haikou , PR China.
    Background: The number of migrant elders is increasing due to ageing of the global population and increasing life expectancy. There is accumulating evidence of the impact of internal or international migration on health.

    Aim: To compare the health and depression of local and migrant elders in Hainan province. Read More

    Y-Chromosome haplotypes reveal relationships between populations of the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa and South Asia.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Dec 16;44(8):738-746. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    d Center for Biotechnology , Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research , Abu Dhabi , United Arab Emirates.
    Background: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is positioned at the crossroads of human migration out of Africa and through to Asia and Europe.

    Aim: To compare the degree of genetic diversity of the Arabian UAE population with populations in other countries from the Middle East, South Asia and North Africa.

    Subjects And Methods: Twenty-seven Y-STR were analysed in 217 individuals. Read More

    Next generation sequencing: an application in forensic sciences?
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 26;44(7):581-592. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    a GENYO , Centro Pfizer-Universidad de Granada-Junta de Andalucía de Genómica e Investigación Oncológica, Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud (PTS) , Granada , España.
    Context: Over the last few decades, advances in sequencing have improved greatly. One of the most important achievements of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is to produce millions of sequence reads in a short period of time, and to produce large sequences of DNA in fragments of any size. Libraries can be generated from whole genomes or any DNA or RNA region of interest without the need to know its sequence beforehand. Read More

    Dental age estimation in a group of Kenyan children using Willems' method: a radiographic study.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 11;44(7):614-621. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    a Department of Human Anatomy, School of Medicine , University of Nairobi , Nairobi , Kenya.
    Background: Radiographic study of developing teeth provides a reliable indication of chronological age. In Kenya, dentists are often required to estimate age. However, there is a paucity of publications on the performance of dental age estimation methods. Read More

    SULT1A1 copy number variation: ethnic distribution analysis in an Indian population.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 24;44(7):663-666. Epub 2017 Sep 24.
    b Sardar Patel University , Vallabh Vidyanagar , Gujarat , India.
    Cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs) are phase II detoxification enzymes involved in metabolism of numerous xenobiotics, drugs and endogenous compounds. Interindividual variation in sulfonation capacity is important for determining an individual's response to xenobiotics. SNPs in SULTs, mainly SULT1A1 have been associated with cancer risk and also with response to therapeutic agents. Read More

    Blood pressure effects of adiposity in non-overweight children aged 6-17 years.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 24;44(7):644-647. Epub 2017 Sep 24.
    b Department of School Health , Suzhou Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Suzhou , Jiangsu , PR China.
    Background: Obesity is a well-established risk factor of elevated blood pressure; however, the relationships between normal weight status and the risk of hypertension and pre-hypertension are not clear.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe the blood pressure effects of adiposity in non-overweight children.

    Methods And Results: In total, 588 097 non-overweight children aged 6-17 years were included from the National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health. Read More

    Biological and environmental determinants of 12-minute run performance in youth.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 23;44(7):607-613. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    g Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas , Austin , TX , USA.
    Background: The 12-minute run is a commonly used indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness in youth. Variation in growth and maturity status as potential correlates of test performance has not been systematically addressed.

    Aim: To evaluate biological and environmental determinants of 12-minute run performance in Portuguese youth aged 7-17 years. Read More

    Mutation rates for 20 STR loci in a population from São Paulo state, Southeast, Brazil.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 11;44(7):659-662. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    a Laboratory of Paternity Investigation , São Paulo State University (UNESP), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , São Paulo , Brazil.
    Short tandem repeats (STRs) are genetic markers largely employed in forensic analysis and paternity investigation cases. When an inconsistency between the parent and child is considered as a possible mutation, the mutation rate should be incorporated into paternity index calculations to give a robust result and to reduce the chance of misinterpretation. The aim of this study was to estimate the mutation rates of 20 autosomal STRs loci used for paternity tests. Read More

    Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Chinese children and adolescents from 2015.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 11;44(7):642-643. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    b Department of Public Health , Zibo Maternal and Child Care Hospital , Zibo , Shandong Province , PR China.
    Background: To update the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents from 2015.

    Methods: Data for this study were obtained from children and adolescents aged 7-17 years with measured weight and height from the National Surveys on Chinese Students' Constitution and Health in 2015.

    Results: Measurements from 29 418 children and adolescents (14 480 boys and 14 938 girls) were analysed. Read More

    Testing ecological and universal models of body shape and child health using a global sample of infants and young children.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 22;44(7):600-606. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    b School of Human Evolution and Social Change , Arizona State University , Tempe , AZ , USA.
    Aim: To test whether a risk of child illness is best predicted by deviations from a population-specific growth distribution or a universal growth distribution.

    Subjects And Methods: Child weight for height and child illness data from 433 776 children (1-59 months) from 47 different low and lower income countries are used in regression models to estimate for each country the child basal weight for height. This study assesses the extent to which individuals within populations deviate from their basal slenderness. Read More

    Allometric scaling of power-force-velocity ergometry profiles in men.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 31;44(7):648-651. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    a Institut du savoir Montfort - Recherche , Ottawa , Ontario , Canada.
    Aim: To examine the appropriate magnitude of allometric scaling of the force-velocity relationship according to body dimensions and to establish normative data for the power-force-velocity relationship for active men.

    Subjects And Methods: Ninety-seven participants completed a force-velocity test on a Monark cycle ergometer. Allometric exponents and percentile ranks were established for maximal power (Pmax), maximal force (F0) and maximal velocity (V0). Read More

    Characterization of complete mitochondrial genomes of indigenous Mayans in Mexico.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 22;44(7):652-658. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    b Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science , The University of Tokyo , Bunkyo-ku , Tokyo , Japan.
    Background: The authors have previously published the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequences of two indigenous Mesoamerican populations, Mazahua (n = 25) and Zapotec (n = 88).

    Methods: This study determined the complete mitogenome sequences of nine unrelated individuals from the indigenous Maya population living in Mexico.

    Results: Their mitogenome sequences could be classified into either of the haplogroups A2 and C1. Read More

    Self-reported discomfort associated with Daylight Saving Time in Brazilian tropical and subtropical zones.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 23;44(7):628-635. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    f Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades, Universidade de Sao Paulo , Sao Paulo , Brazil.
    Background: Daylight Saving Time (DST) annually moves clocks 1 hour forward, when daytime is longer than night. Previous studies from medium and high latitude locations have pointed to a disruptive effect of DST on human circadian rhythms. Since Brazil is an equatorial country implementing DST, a different relationship between photic and social synchronisers may interfere with DST effects. Read More

    Leprosy in a Lombard-Avar cemetery in central Italy (Campochiaro, Molise, 6th-8th century AD): ancient DNA evidence and demography.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Sep 17;44(6):510-521. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    e Centre for Clinical Microbiology , Division of Infection and Immunity , UCL , London , UK.
    Background: The study of past infectious diseases increases knowledge of the presence, impact and spread of pathogens within ancient populations.

    Aim: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to examine bones for the presence of Mycobacterium leprae ancient DNA (aDNA) as, even when leprosy is present, bony changes are not always pathognomonic of the disease. This study also examined the demographic profile of this population and compared it with two other populations to investigate any changes in mortality trends between different infectious diseases and between the pre-antibiotic and antibiotic eras. Read More

    Body parameters of Czech breastfed children compared to the Czech references and WHO growth standards.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Nov 22;44(7):593-599. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    f Department of Hygiene, Third Faculty of Medicine , Charles University , Prague , Czech Republic.
    Background: The study concerns the comparison of percentile curves of Czech breastfed children with Czech national references from 1991 and 2001 and WHO growth standards. Growth charts of breastfed children demonstrate different curve shapes, especially in the first months of life. Incorrect interpretation of the growth curve could lead to premature introduction of complementary foods or infant formula. Read More

    Bosnian study of APOE distribution (BOSAD): a comparison with other European populations.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Sep 13;44(6):568-573. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    e Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Medicine , University of Sarajevo , Sarajevo , Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Background: The ε2, ε3 and ε4 alleles of APOE gene have been associated with several diseases in different populations. Data on the frequency of alleles are used in both a clinical and evolutionary context. Although the data on frequency of these alleles are numerous, there are no reports for the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Read More

    The ex-pat effect: presence of recent Western immigrants is associated with changes in age at first birth and birth rate in a Maya population from rural Guatemala.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Aug 11;44(5):441-453. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    d Faculty of Health Sciences , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , BC , Canada.
    Background: Economic transitions expose indigenous populations to a variety of ecological and cultural challenges, especially regarding diet and stress. These kinds of challenges are predicted by evolutionary ecological theory to have fitness consequences (differential reproduction) and, indeed, are often associated with changes in fertility dynamics. It is currently unclear whether international immigration might impact the nature of such an economic transition or its consequences for fertility. Read More

    Systematic health screening of refugees after resettlement in recipient countries: a scoping review.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Aug 31;44(5):475-483. Epub 2017 May 31.
    a Department of Infectious Diseases , Aarhus University Hospital , Aarhus , Denmark.
    Context: Health screening of refugees after settlement in a recipient country is an important tool to find and treat diseases. Currently, there are no available reviews on refugee health screening after resettlement.

    Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using the online Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System ('MEDLINE') database. Read More

    Functional capacities of Polish adults of 60-87 years and risk of losing functional independence.
    Ann Hum Biol 2017 Sep 24;44(6):502-509. Epub 2017 May 24.
    d Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas , Austin , TX , USA.
    Aim: To characterise the functional capacities of Polish men and women aged 60-87 years and evaluate their status relative to criteria for functional independence.

    Subjects And Methods: Four hundred and thirty-one women and 125 men, aged 60-87 years, who were residents of Wrocław, southwestern Poland, were recruited. Height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. Read More

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