1,698 results match your criteria Annals of Behavioral Medicine[Journal]


Depressive Symptoms are Associated with Heart Rate Variability Independently of Fitness: A Cross-Sectional Study of Patients with Heart Failure.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.

Background: Depression is associated with reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy and cardiac samples, which may be accounted for by physical fitness. In a small sample of cardiac patients, activity and fitness levels attenuated the relationship between HRV and depression. In the current study of heart failure (HF) patients, we hypothesized that depressive symptoms and HRV would be inversely related and physical fitness would attenuate this association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz006DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Improvement of Working Memory is a Mechanism for Reductions in Delay Discounting Among Mid-Age Individuals in an Urban Medically Underserved Area.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Apr 7. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Cofrin Logan Center for Addiction Research and Treatment, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.

Background: Delay discounting, or the tendency to devalue rewards as a function of their delayed receipt, is associated with myriad negative health behaviors. Individuals from medically underserved areas are disproportionately at risk for chronic health problems. The higher rates of delay discounting and consequent adverse outcomes evidenced among low-resource and unstable environments suggest this may be an important pathway to explain health disparities among this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz010DOI Listing

Physical Activity Intentions and Behavior Mediate Treatment Response in an Acceptance-Based Weight Loss Intervention.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Center for Weight, Eating, and Lifestyle Science (WELL Center), Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Acceptance-based treatment (ABT) for weight loss has shown promise for improving outcomes relative to standard behavioral treatment (SBT). One way in which ABT may improve outcomes is through increasing physical activity (PA) intentions and behavior but little research has examined these as mediators of ABT on weight change.

Purpose: This study sought to examine ABT's effects on intentions for PA and several objectively measured PA variables during treatment and analyze PA intentions and behaviors as mediators of ABT's effect on weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz011DOI Listing

Outcomes From a Sequential Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial of Weight Loss Strategies for African American Adolescents With Obesity.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

Background: Minority adolescents are at highest risk for obesity and extreme obesity; yet, there are few clinical trials targeting African American adolescents with obesity.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to develop an adaptive family-based behavioral obesity treatment for African American adolescents using a sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) design.

Methods: Fit Families was a SMART where 181 African American adolescents (67% female) aged 12-17 were first randomized to office-based versus home-based behavioral skills treatment delivered from a Motivational Interviewing foundation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz003DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Psychosocial Stress and Overweight and Obesity: Findings From the Chicago Community Adult Health Study.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Background: Psychosocial stress has been implicated as a risk factor for overweight and obesity. However, research on psychosocial stressors and overweight and obesity has typically focused on single stressors in isolation, which may overestimate the impact of a specific stressor and fail to describe the role of cumulative stress on overweight and obesity risk.

Purpose: This study explores the association between overweight/obesity and cumulative exposure to a wide range of psychosocial stressors, among a multiracial/ethnic sample of adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz008DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Americans' Health Mindsets: Content, Cultural Patterning, and Associations With Physical and Mental Health.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Mar;53(4):321-332

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: Health mindsets are mental frameworks that help people recognize, organize, interpret, and respond to health-relevant information. Although mindsets shape health behaviors and outcomes, no study has examined the health mindsets of ethnically and socioeconomically diverse Americans.

Purpose: We explored the content, cultural patterning, and health correlates of diverse Americans' health mindsets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay041DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Web-Based Program Exposure and Retention in the Families Improving Together for Weight Loss Trial.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Mar;53(4):399-404

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Interventions that incorporate behavioral skills training and parental involvement have been effective for promoting weight loss among middle and upper class youth; however, few studies have produced similar weight loss effects in underserved ethnic minority youth.

Purpose: This study examined whether online program exposure (in both an online tailored intervention and an online health education comparison program) predicted greater retention among African American youth and their parents in the Families Improving Together (FIT) for Weight Loss trial.

Methods: Parent-adolescent dyads (N = 125) were randomized to either an online tailored intervention program (n = 63) or an online health education comparison program (n = 62). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426012PMC

Developing a model of the determinants of medication nonadherence in older community-dwelling patients.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Division of Population Health Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Beaux Lane House, Mercer Street, Dublin, Ireland.

Medication nonadherence is associated with adverse health outcomes in older populations. The aim of this study was to develop a model that describes the relationship between the determinants of nonadherence, per the World Health Organization (WHO) model of nonadherence and the necessity-concerns framework (NCF) and nonadherence in a cohort of older community-dwelling patients. A retrospective cohort study of 855 community-dwelling patients aged ≥70 years from 15 practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz004DOI Listing

A Positive Mood Induction for Reducing the Formation of Nocebo Effects from Side Effect Information.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Background: Providing treatment side effect information can increase the occurrence of side effects through nocebo effects. Nocebo effects from side effect information raise a dilemma for health care, as there is an ethical obligation to disclose potential unpleasant treatment information to patients.

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that a positive mood induction can block the development of nocebo effects that result from treatment side effect information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz005DOI Listing

Relationships Between Social/Emotional Support and Quality of Life, Depression and Disability in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: An Analysis Based on Propensity Score Matching.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Administrative Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Background: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) suffer from impaired Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Having an adequate social/emotional support may improve the quality of life of COPD patients.

Objective: To study the relationships between social/emotional support and HRQoL, depression and disability among patients with COPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz002DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Executive Functioning as a Predictor of Weight Loss and Physical Activity Outcomes.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Executive functioning, which is fundamental for carrying out goal-directed behaviors, may be an underappreciated predictor of outcomes in lifestyle modification programs for adults with obesity.

Purpose: This study tested the hypotheses that higher levels of baseline executive functioning would predict greater weight loss and physical activity after 6 months of behavioral treatment.

Methods: Participants (N = 320) were recruited from the community and provided with 16 treatment sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement Versus Social Support on Negative Affective Interference During Inhibitory Control Among Opioid-Treated Chronic Pain Patients: A Pilot Mechanistic Study.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Among opioid-treated chronic pain patients, deficient response inhibition in the context of emotional distress may contribute to maladaptive pain coping and prescription opioid misuse. Interventions that aim to bolster cognitive control and reduce emotional reactivity (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay096DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Association of Maternal Perceived Stress With Changes in Their Children's Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) Scores Over Time.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Jan 12. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Few studies have examined the role of maternal stress in relation to their children's dietary quality and its trajectory over time.

Purpose: The objective of this longitudinal study was to examine the effect of baseline maternal stress on the change in their 8- to 12-year-old children's dietary quality over 1 year.

Methods: Mother-child dyads (N = 189) from the greater Los Angeles area participating in the Mothers' and their Children's Health (MATCH) study in 2014-2016 completed assessments at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay095DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Mindfulness, Experiential Avoidance, and Recovery From Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

University of Wisconsin Paul P. Carbone Cancer Center, Madison, WI.

Background: Mood disturbance, pain, and fatigue are prevalent and distressing concerns for patients with hematologic cancer recovering from hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The way in which individuals approach difficult thoughts and emotions may affect symptoms and functioning. Specifically, mindfulness has been associated with more optimal psychological and physical functioning, whereas experiential avoidance has been associated with poorer outcomes. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay097DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Effects of Media Exposure to Conflicting Information About Mammography: Results From a Population-based Survey Experiment.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Background: Although there is growing theoretical and empirical support for the proposition that media exposure to conflicting health information negatively influences public understanding and behavior, few studies have causally linked exposure to conflict with undesirable outcomes. Such outcomes might be particularly likely in the context of mammography, given widespread media attention to conflicting recommendations about the age at and frequency with which average-risk women should be screened for breast cancer.

Purpose: The current study tests whether exposure to conflicting information about mammography negatively influences women's affective and cognitive responses and examines whether effects vary by socioeconomic position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay098DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Correspondence Between Objective and Self-reported Endocrine Therapy Adherence Among Women With Breast Cancer.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Among the approximately 70% of women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, endocrine therapies lower the likelihood of recurrence. Nonadherence to endocrine therapy predicts lower survival.

Purpose: We examined concordance between self-reported and objective indicators of adherence and predictors of over-reporting endocrine therapy adherence among survivors of breast cancer. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay094DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Illness Perceptions in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Testing Leventhal's Self-regulatory Model.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus.

Background: Leventhal's Self-regulatory Model proposes that somatic characteristics of a health threat (e.g., symptom severity), and prior experience with the threat (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay093DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Trends in Health Behavior Patterns Among U.S. Adults, 2003-2015.

Ann Behav Med 2019 Jan;53(1):1-15

Social and Behavioral Health Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Background: Over the last two decades, considerable resources from U.S. federal and philanthropic entities were dedicated to improving preventive and reducing chronic disease risk behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay010DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Psychological and Biological Pathways Linking Perceived Neighborhood Characteristics and Body Mass Index.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Background: Perceived neighborhood characteristics are linked to obesity, however, the mechanisms linking these two factors remain unknown.

Purpose: This study aimed to examine associations between perceived neighborhood characteristics and body mass index (BMI), establish whether indirect pathways through psychological distress and inflammation are important, and determine whether these associations vary by race/ethnicity.

Methods: Participants were 1,112 adults enrolled in the Texas City Stress and Health Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay092DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Exploring the Relationship Between Patient Activation, Treatment Satisfaction, and Decisional Conflict in Patients Approaching End-Stage Renal Disease.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, Iowa City, IA.

Background: Patients approaching end-stage renal disease (ESRD) experience a high level of decisional conflict because they are often not provided with sufficient support and information regarding different treatment options prior to renal failure. Decisional conflict is an important correlate of treatment satisfaction, as it is associated with disease- and treatment-related knowledge that can inform decision-making. Patient activation, the willingness and ability to independently manage one's own health and healthcare, is an individual difference factor that may have important mitigating effects on decisional conflict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay091DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Behavior Change Techniques Associated With Changes in Postintervention and Maintained Changes in Self-Efficacy For Physical Activity: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Manchester Centre for Health Psychology, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: Self-efficacy is an important determinant of physical activity but it is unclear how best to increase self-efficacy for physical activity and to maintain these changes.

Purpose: This systematic review aimed to identify which specific behavior change techniques (BCTs), BCT clusters, and number of BCTs were associated with changes in postintervention and maintained changes in self-efficacy for physical activity across all adult populations.

Methods: A systematic search yielded 180 randomized trials (204 comparisons) which reported changes in self-efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay090DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Links Between Behavior Change Techniques and Mechanisms of Action: An Expert Consensus Study.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Centre for Behaviour Change, University College London, London.

Background: Understanding the mechanisms through which behavior change techniques (BCTs) can modify behavior is important for the development and evaluation of effective behavioral interventions. To advance the field, we require a shared knowledge of the mechanisms of action (MoAs) through which BCTs may operate when influencing behavior.

Purpose: To elicit expert consensus on links between BCTs and MoAs. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay082DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Are Cardiovascular Risk Factors Stronger Predictors of Incident Cardiovascular Disease in U.S. Adults With Versus Without a History of Clinical Depression?

Ann Behav Med 2018 Nov;52(12):1036-1045

Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), Indianapolis, IN.

Background: Several mechanisms underlying the depression-to-cardiovascular disease (CVD) relationship have been proposed; however, few studies have examined whether depression promotes CVD through potentiating traditional cardiovascular risk factors.

Purpose: To test the combined influence of three cardiovascular risk factors and lifetime depressive disorder on incident CVD in a large, diverse, and nationally representative sample of U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay007DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

The Influence of University Students' Stress Mindsets on Health and Performance Outcomes.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Nov;52(12):1046-1059

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: Emerging evidence indicates that holding particular stress mindsets has favorable implications for peoples' health and performance under stress.

Purpose: The aim of the current study was to examine the processes by which implicit and explicit stress mindsets relate to health- and performance-related outcomes. Specifically, we propose a stress beliefs model in which somatic responses to stress and coping behaviors mediate the effect of stress mindsets on outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay008DOI Listing
November 2018
20 Reads

Religious and Spiritual Coping and Risk of Incident Hypertension in the Black Women's Health Study.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Nov;52(12):989-998

National Consortium on Psychosocial Stress, Spirituality, and Health, Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: The few studies of the relationship between religion and/or spirituality (R/S) and hypertension are conflicting. We hypothesized that R/S may reduce the risk of hypertension by buffering adverse physiological effects of stress.

Methods: We prospectively assessed the association of R/S with hypertension within the Black Women's Health Study (BWHS), a cohort study initiated in 1995 that follows participants through biennial questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230974PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

A Web-Delivered Multicomponent Intervention for Adolescents with Poorly Controlled Type 1 Diabetes: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Nov;52(12):1010-1022

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Children's Hospital at Dartmouth, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA.

Background: Type 1 diabetes is associated with significant mortality and economic cost. Management of type 1 diabetes involves completing multiple daily adherence behaviors, and many adolescents struggle with self-management and show poor glycemic control.

Purpose: The purpose was to conduct an unblinded pilot randomized controlled parallel-group study of a web-delivered multicomponent intervention targeting self-monitoring of blood glucose, working memory, and parent supervision of diabetes care among adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230973PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Neighborhood Poverty Increases Risk for Cigarette Smoking From Age 30 to 39.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Background: Lower socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with higher rates of smoking. Few longitudinal studies have examined indicators of SES at both the neighborhood- and individual-level over time in conjunction with proximal risk factors of cigarette smoking.

Purpose: To examine associations of time-varying measures of SES, demographic factors, and proximal risk factors for smoking net of average trajectories of smoking behavior from ages 30 to 39 in a community sample. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay089DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Therapeutic Alliance Between Dietitians and Patients With Head and Neck Cancer: The Effect of Training in a Health Behavior Change Intervention.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: The relationship between a clinician and their client-the "therapeutic alliance" is a robust predictor of outcome in healthcare settings; yet, few interventions to improve alliance have been tested. Motivational interviewing is a client-centered approach that embodies many principles and strategies consistent with a strong therapeutic alliance.

Purpose: To examine whether alliance is enhanced by training dietitians to deliver a motivational interviewing informed health behavior change intervention ("Eating as Treatment"; EAT) as part of routine consultations with patients with head and neck cancer. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay083DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Effects of Fruit and Vegetable Feeding Messages on Mothers and Fathers: Interactions Between Emotional State and Health Message Framing.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Nov 3. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Section on Clinical Psychoneuroendocrinology and Neuropsychopharmacology, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Background : There is a pressing need to craft optimal public health messages promoting healthy feeding behaviors among parents. How these messages influence such feeding decisions are affected by multiple interactive factors including emotional states, message framing, and gender, but these factors have not been studied in the domain of parents' feeding of their children.

Purpose: To evaluate the role of message framing, emotional state, and parent gender on feeding choices that parents make for their children. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay088DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Identifying Effective Behavior Change Techniques for Alcohol and Illicit Substance Use During Pregnancy: A Systematic Review.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Division of Primary Care, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Background: During pregnancy, consuming alcohol and using illicit drugs can have serious health implications for both mother and child. Behavioral change interventions, especially those underpinned by theoretical constructs, can be effective in reducing harmful substance use among pregnant women.

Purpose: To understand what type of behavior change mechanisms could be useful in reducing alcohol consumption or achieving abstinence from illicit drug use during pregnancy, this review aimed to identify behavior change techniques (BCTs), the smallest, active components of interventions that may be effective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay085DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

A Daily Diary Study of Rumination and Health Behaviors: Modeling Moderators and Mediators.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.

Objective: Rumination, thinking about a negative mood repetitively, is a common cognitive process that may affect health behavior engagement or avoidance. Little research has examined relations between rumination and health behaviors.

Purpose: We aimed to test links between rumination and health behaviors as well as possible moderators and mediators of those links. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay081DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Parent-Adolescent Communication About Sex and Condom Use Among Young Men Who Have Sex With Men: An Examination of the Theory of Planned Behavior.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct;52(11):973-987

Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

Background: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection. Parent-adolescent communication about sex, particularly mother-adolescent communication, protects against adolescent sexual risk behavior. However, it is unclear whether these findings generalize to YMSM. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/article/52/11/973/4911784
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196366PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Cross-Lagged Relations Between Exercise Capacity and Psychological Distress During Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct;52(11):963-972

Psychology Research Laboratory, Istituto Auxologico Italiano-Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Milan, Italy.

Background: Poorer mental health is associated with lower exercise capacity, above and beyond the effect of other cardiovascular risk factors. However, the directionality of this relationship remains unclear.

Purpose: The main aim of the present study was to clarify, with a cross-lagged panel design, the relationship between psychological status and exercise capacity among patients in a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax069DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Organizational Religious Activity, Hypertension, and Sexual Orientation: Results From a Nationally Representative Sample.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct;52(11):930-940

Department of Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA.

Background: Hypertension is a major public health concern, given prevalence and morbidity. Among the general population, greater religious attendance is associated with lower blood pressure (BP). However, no known studies have examined the association between religious attendance and BP among sexual minorities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax066DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Fostering the Understanding of Positive Test Results.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct;52(11):909-919

Center for Experimental Research in Management and Economics, DCP, University IUAV of Venice, Trento, Italy.

Background: The majority of health-service users seem unable to properly compute the positive predictive value of medical tests. The research reported in the present study sought to investigate whether, and to what extent, probabilistic inferences about a positive test result can be improved by changing the traditional way in which probability judgments are elicited and medical information is presented.

Methods: Online survey respondents were presented with a positive test result regarding a pregnant woman, and had to estimate the chances that her unborn baby had an anomaly (standard judgment), to apportion the numbers of chances for and against this hypothesis (distributive judgment), and to indicate whether the hypothesis that the baby had an anomaly was more or less likely than its alternative (relative judgment). Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/article/52/11/909/4841717
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax065DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Expressive Writing Intervention Improves Quality of Life Among Chinese-American Breast Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct;52(11):952-962

Herald Cancer Association, San Gabriel, CA, USA.

Background: Expressive writing interventions are shown to confer health benefits for Caucasian cancer survivors. However, few studies reported improved quality of life or studied ethnic minorities.

Purpose: The study evaluated whether a culturally sensitive expressive writing intervention improved quality of life. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/article/52/11/952/4825804
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax067DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Positively Framed Risk Information in Patient Information Leaflets Reduces Side Effect Reporting: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct;52(11):920-929

Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London, UK.

Background: Many medication side effects are the result of a psychologically mediated "nocebo effect," triggered by negative expectations.

Purpose: This study investigated if changing how side effect information is framed in patient information leaflets (PILs) reduces symptom reporting.

Methods: A total of 203 healthy volunteers aged 18 or over were recruited from December 1, 2015 to December 5, 2016 into a double-blind randomized controlled trial carried out at the Clinical Research Facility at King's College Hospital. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/article/52/11/920/4825542
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax064DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Use of Two Self-referral Reminders and a Theory-Based Leaflet to Increase the Uptake of Flexible Sigmoidoscopy in the English Bowel Scope Screening Program: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial in London.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct;52(11):941-951

Research Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: We previously initiated a randomized controlled trial to test the effectiveness of two self-referral reminders and a theory-based leaflet (sent 12 and 24 months after the initial invitation) to increase participation within the English Bowel Scope Screening program.

Purpose: This study reports the results following the second reminder.

Methods: Men and women included in the initial sample (n = 1,383) were re-assessed for eligibility 24 months after their invitation (12 months after the first reminder) and excluded if they had attended screening, moved away, or died. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196365PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

UNC Perceived Message Effectiveness: Validation of a Brief Scale.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct 15. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Interventionists commonly identify promising messages for health communication efforts based on audience members' ratings of perceived message effectiveness (PME).

Purpose: We sought to validate a new PME measure that improved on existing scales by focusing on the behavior and respondent, being brief, and having strong psychometric properties.

Methods : Participants were a national convenience sample of 999 adults and national probability samples of 1,692 adults and 869 adolescents recruited in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay080DOI Listing
October 2018
34 Reads

Behavior Change Techniques and Their Mechanisms of Action: A Synthesis of Links Described in Published Intervention Literature.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Centre for Behaviour Change, University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK.

Background: Despite advances in behavioral science, there is no widely shared understanding of the "mechanisms of action" (MoAs) through which individual behavior change techniques (BCTs) have their effects. Cumulative progress in the development, evaluation, and synthesis of behavioral interventions could be improved by identifying the MoAs through which BCTs are believed to bring about change.

Purpose: This study aimed to identify the links between BCTs and MoAs described by authors of a corpus of published literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay078DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Weight Bias Internalization and Long-Term Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Psychiatry, Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: The relationship between weight bias internalization (WBI) and long-term weight loss is largely unknown.

Purpose: To determine the effects of weight loss on WBI and assess whether WBI impairs long-term weight loss.

Methods: One hundred thirty-three adults with obesity completed the Weight Bias Internalization Scale (WBIS) at baseline, after a 14-week lifestyle intervention in which they lost ≥5 per cent of initial weight, and at weeks 24 and 52 of a subsequent randomized controlled trial (RCT) for weight-loss maintenance (66 weeks total). Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay084DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

The Association of Changes in Pain Acceptance and Headache-Related Disability.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Background: Migraine accounts for substantial suffering and disability. Previous studies show cross-sectional associations between higher pain acceptance and lower headache-related disability in individuals with migraine, but none has evaluated this association longitudinally during migraine treatment.

Purpose: This study evaluated whether changes in pain acceptance were associated with changes in headache-related disability and migraine characteristics in a randomized controlled trial (Women's Health and Migraine) that compared effects of behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatment and migraine education (ME) on headache frequency in women with migraine and overweight/obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay076DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Between-Race Differences in Processes Predicting Physician Communication for African American and European American Recipients of Breast Density Notifications.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Oct 3. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Oncology, Karmanos Cancer Institute/Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA.

Background: Breast density notification laws mandate reporting of dense breast to applicable women. The same psychological and systemic barriers that yield between-race differences in mammography use will probably yield between-race differences in women's psychological and behavioral responses to breast density notifications.

Purpose: We used the theory of planned behavior as a framework to examine between-race differences in the likelihood of following-up with physicians after receiving breast density notifications and to examine differences in African American and Caucasian American women's behavioral decision-making processes. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay079DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Daily Sedentary Behavior Predicts Pain and Affect in Knee Arthritis.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Center for Healthy Aging, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Background: Sedentary behavior (SB), which has been linked with numerous adverse health outcomes, is prevalent among adults with osteoarthritis (OA). The associations between SB and daily physical and psychological health outcomes for OA patients, however, have received little attention.

Purpose: Using accelerometer and self-report data, the current study examined how the amount of time OA patients spent in SB was associated with their pain and affect in daily life, independent of physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay073DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Impact of Interdisciplinary Outpatient Specialty Palliative Care on Survival and Quality of Life in Adults With Advanced Cancer: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Psychology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA.

Background: In advanced cancer, patients want to know how their care options may affect survival and quality of life, but the impact of outpatient specialty palliative care on these outcomes in cancer is uncertain.

Purpose: To estimate the impact of outpatient specialty palliative care programs on survival and quality of life in adults with advanced cancer.

Methods: Following PRISMA guidelines, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing outpatient specialty palliative care with usual care in adults with advanced cancer. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay077DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Parent Instrumentality for Adolescent Eating and Activity.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Basic Biobehavioral and Psychological Sciences Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA.

Background: Parent-adolescent interactions have health implications for adolescents. Parents can be instrumental to healthy eating by purchasing fruits and vegetables or refraining from purchasing hedonic (low nutrient, high energy-dense) foods. Parents can be instrumental to healthy activity by modeling exercise behavior or discouraging sedentary activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay074DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Is It Good To Be Good? Dispositional Compassion and Health Behaviors.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Sep 25. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Unit of Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.

Background: Despite the documented importance of dispositional compassions for a range of health-related outcomes, its role in predicting health behaviors remains unclear.

Purpose: This study examined the associations between dispositional compassion and three domains of health behavior, including physical activity, alcohol use, and smoking.

Methods: The participants (N = 1,279-1,913) were from the Finnish population-based Young Finns study. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay075DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Everyday Discrimination Prospectively Predicts Blood Pressure Across 10 Years in Racially/Ethnically Diverse Midlife Women: Study of Women's Health Across the Nation.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Sep 21. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Background: Interpersonal discrimination is linked to greater risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and this association varies by race/ethnicity.

Purpose: To examine whether exposure to everyday discrimination prospectively predicts elevated blood pressure (BP), whether this association differs by race/ethnicity, and is mediated by adiposity indices.

Methods: Using data for 2,180 self-identified White, Black, Chinese, Japanese, and Hispanic participants from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation, we examined associations among exposure to (higher vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428619PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Enhancing Behavior Change Technique Coding Methods: Identifying Behavioral Targets and Delivery Styles in Smoking Cessation Trials.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Health Psychology Group, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Health Sciences Building, Foresterhill Campus, Aberdeen, UK.

Background: The behavior change technique (BCT) taxonomy v1 is often used in systematic reviews for identifying active components of interventions. Its utility could be enhanced by linking BCTs to specific target behaviors and qualifying BCT delivery style.

Purpose: To determine whether behavioral targets and delivery styles of BCTs can be coded reliably and to determine the utility of coding these characteristics. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay068DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads