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    1526 results match your criteria Annals of Behavioral Medicine[Journal]

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    Depression Symptoms in Haemodialysis Patients Predict All-Cause Mortality but Not Kidney Transplantation: A Cause-Specific Outcome Analysis.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Jul 31. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Renal Unit, Lister Hospital, East & North Hertfordshire NHS Trust, Coreys Mill Lane, Stevenage, SG1 4AB, UK.
    Background: Depression is common in haemodialysis (HD) patients and associated with poor outcomes.

    Purpose: To evaluate whether depression symptoms predict survival and transplantation in a large sample of haemodialysis patients using cause-specific survival models.

    Methods: Survival data was collected between April 2013 and November 2015, as part of the screening phase of a multicentre randomised placebo-controlled trial of sertraline in HD patients. Read More

    Mediators of Physical Activity Adherence: Results from an Action Control Intervention in Couples.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Jul 14. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Background: Behavior change interventions targeting self-regulation skills have generally shown promising effects. However, the psychological working mechanisms remain poorly understood.

    Purpose: We examined theory-based mediators of a randomized controlled trial in couples targeting action control (i. Read More

    Acculturation and Syndemic Risk: Longitudinal Evaluation of Risk Factors Among Pregnant Latina Adolescents in New York City.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Jul 13. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale University School of Public Health and Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, New Haven, CT, USA.
    Background: Syndemics are co-occurring epidemics that synergistically contribute to specific risks or health outcomes. Although there is substantial evidence demonstrating their existence, little is known about their change over time in adolescents.

    Purpose: The objectives of this paper were to identify longitudinal changes in a syndemic of substance use, intimate partner violence, and depression and determine whether immigration/cultural factors moderate this syndemic over time. Read More

    Cancer Care Coordination: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Over 30 Years of Empirical Studies.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):532-546
    Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), Washington, DC, USA.
    Background: According to a landmark study by the Institute of Medicine, patients with cancer often receive poorly coordinated care in multiple settings from many providers. Lack of coordination is associated with poor symptom control, medical errors, and higher costs.

    Purpose: The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to (1) synthesize the findings of studies addressing cancer care coordination, (2) describe study outcomes across the cancer continuum, and (3) obtain a quantitative estimate of the effect of interventions in cancer care coordination on service system processes and patient health outcomes. Read More

    The Role of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Predicting Daily Pain and Fatigue in Older Adults: a Diary Study.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Jun 23. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    School of Psychology & Speech Pathology, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA, 6102, Australia.
    Background: Little attention has been paid to within-person daily associations among light physical activity (PA), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior (SB) with subsequent bodily pain and fatigue. Daily reports of pain and fatigue are less likely to be affected by recall bias and to conflate days of high and low pain/fatigue into one overall score.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine daily within-person associations between pain, fatigue, and physical health and ascertain whether such associations are moderated by individual differences in these variables. Read More

    Coordination of Self- and Parental-Regulation Surrounding Type I Diabetes Management in Late Adolescence.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Jun 5. Epub 2017 Jun 5.
    Department of Psychology, University of California at Merced, Merced, CA, USA.
    Background: Type 1 diabetes management involves self- and social-regulation, with past research examining components through individual differences unable to capture daily processes.

    Purpose: Dynamical systems modeling was used to examine the coordinative structure of self- and social-regulation (operationalized as parental-regulation) related to daily diabetes management during late adolescence.

    Methods: Two hundred and thirty-six late adolescents with type 1 diabetes (M age = 17. Read More

    Associations Between Parenting Factors, Motivation, and Physical Activity in Overweight African American Adolescents.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.
    Background: Positive parenting practices and environmental supports have been linked to physical activity (PA) levels in youth, yet factors associated with positive parenting styles have been understudied in African American adolescents.

    Purpose: This study expands on previous literature by examining associations between motivation, parenting factors associated with Self-Determination Theory's psychological needs (competence, autonomy, and relatedness) including authoritative parenting, autonomy support and emotional and tangible support, and adolescent moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and light PA (LPA).

    Methods: Participants were African American adolescents (N = 148; M = 13. Read More

    High-Frequency Heart Rate Variability Reactivity and Trait Worry Interact to Predict the Development of Sleep Disturbances in Response to a Naturalistic Stressor.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):912-924
    Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.
    Background: High-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) reactivity was proposed as a vulnerability factor for stress-induced sleep disturbances. Its effect may be amplified among individuals with high trait worry or sleep reactivity.

    Purpose: This study evaluated whether HF-HRV reactivity to a worry induction, sleep reactivity, and trait worry predict increases in sleep disturbances in response to academic stress, a naturalistic stressor. Read More

    Mediators of Weight Loss Maintenance in the Keep It Off Trial.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 May 15. Epub 2017 May 15.
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    Background: An important step toward enhancing the efficacy of weight loss maintenance interventions is identifying the pathways through which successful interventions such as the Keep It Off trial have worked.

    Purpose: This study aimed to assess the viability of mediated relationships between the Keep It Off Guided intervention, conceptually and empirically grounded potential mediators, and weight. Repeated measurement of mediators and weight enabled documentation of the temporal ordering of intervention delivery and changes in mediators and in weight among participants randomized to the Guided intervention or Self-Directed comparison group. Read More

    Pathways Linking Adverse Childhood Experiences to Cigarette Smoking Among Young Black Men: a Prospective Analysis of the Role of Sleep Problems and Delayed Reward Discounting.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):890-898
    McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L8, Canada.
    Background: African American men experience increases in smoking during the young adult transition. Exposure to childhood adversity, a risk factor which disproportionately affects African American men, has been identified as a robust precursor to health risk behavior in general and cigarette smoking in particular. The intermediate mechanisms that transmit the influence of early adversity to smoking behavior are not well understood. Read More

    Observed Relationship Behaviors and Sleep in Military Veterans and Their Partners.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):879-889
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA, 90401, USA.
    Background: Emerging research has begun to examine associations between relationship functioning and sleep. However, these studies have largely relied on self-reported evaluations of relationships and/or of sleep, which may be vulnerable to bias.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine associations between relationship functioning and sleep in military couples. Read More

    Effects of Pictorial Warning Labels for Cigarettes and Quit-Efficacy on Emotional Responses, Smoking Satisfaction, and Cigarette Consumption.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 May 9. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
    Background: Experimental research on pictorial warning labels for cigarettes has primarily examined immediate intentions to quit.

    Purpose: Here, we present the results of a clinical trial testing the impact on smoking during and after a 28-day period of naturalistic exposure to pictorial versus text-only warnings.

    Methods: Daily cigarette smokers (N = 244) at two sites in the USA were randomly assigned to receive their regular brand of cigarettes for 4 weeks with one of three warnings: (a) text-only, (b) pictures and text as proposed by FDA, or (c) the warnings proposed by FDA with additional text that elaborated on the risks of smoking. Read More

    Experimentally Manipulated Self-Affirmation Promotes Reduced Alcohol Consumption in Response to Narrative Information.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):931-935
    School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, BN1 9QH, UK.
    Background: Health-risk information is increasingly being conveyed through accounts of personal experiences or narrative information. However, whether self-affirmation can enhance the ability of such messages to promote behavior change has yet to be established.

    Purpose: This study aims to test whether self-affirmation (a) promotes behavior change following exposure to narrative information about the risks of excessive alcohol consumption and (b) boosts message acceptance by increasing narrative engagement. Read More

    The Impact of 3-D Models versus Animations on Perceptions of Osteoporosis and Treatment Motivation: A Randomised Trial.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):899-911
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Background: Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disorder that disproportionately affects older women worldwide. Raising awareness regarding osteoporosis within this demographic is significant for health promotion. Initial evidence suggests that visualisations of illness and treatment can improve illness perceptions, increase treatment motivations and even promote health behaviours. Read More

    Family Support and Family Negativity as Mediators of the Relation between Acculturation and Postpartum Weight in Low-Income Mexican-Origin Women.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):856-867
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 871104, Tempe, AZ, 85287-1104, USA.
    Background: Obesity presents a significant health concern among low-income, ethnic minority women of childbearing age.

    Purpose: The study investigated the influence of maternal acculturation, family negativity, and family support on postpartum weight loss among low-income Mexican-origin women.

    Methods: Low-income Mexican-origin women (N=322; 14% born in the U. Read More

    Helping Yourself by Offering Help: Mediators of Expressive Helping in Survivors of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):683-693
    John Theurer Cancer Center, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, NJ, USA.
    Background: A randomized experiment by Rini et al. (Health Psychol. 33(12):1541-1551, 2014) demonstrated that expressive helping, which involves three expressive writing sessions regarding hematopoietic stem cell transplant, followed by one writing session directed toward helping other stem cell transplant recipients, reduced psychological distress and bothersome physical symptoms among stem cell transplant recipients with elevated survivorship problems, relative to a neutral writing control condition. Read More

    A Randomized Controlled Trial of Rise, a Community-Based Culturally Congruent Adherence Intervention for Black Americans Living with HIV.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):868-878
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA, 90407-2138, USA.
    Background: Evidence-based HIV treatment adherence interventions have typically shown medium-sized effects on adherence. Prior evidence-based HIV treatment adherence interventions have not been culturally adapted specifically for Black/African Americans, the population most affected by HIV disparities in the USA, who exhibit lower adherence than do members of other racial/ethnic groups.

    Purpose: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of Rise, a 6-month culturally congruent adherence counseling intervention for HIV-positive Black men and women. Read More

    Implicit Reasons for Disclosure of the Use of Complementary Health Approaches (CHA): a Consumer Commitment Perspective.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):764-774
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, 650 Charles Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1772, USA.
    Background: Disclosure of the use of complementary health approaches (CHA) is an important yet understudied health behavior with important implications for patient care. Yet research into disclosure of CHA has been atheoretical and neglected the role of health beliefs.

    Purpose: Using a consumer commitment model of CHA use as a guiding conceptual framework, the current study tests the hypotheses that perceived positive CHA outcomes (utilitarian values) and positive CHA beliefs (symbolic values) are associated with disclosure of CHA to conventional care providers in a nationally representative US sample. Read More

    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Problematic Overeating Behaviors in Young Men and Women.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):822-832
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
    Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a risk factor for obesity, but the range of behaviors that contribute to this association are not known.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine associations between self-reported PTSD symptoms in 2007, with and without comorbid depression symptoms, and three problematic overeating behaviors in 2010, and to estimate the associations of PTSD-related overeating behaviors with obesity.

    Methods: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses included 7438 male (n = 2478) and female (n = 4960) participants from the Growing Up Today Study (mean age 22-29 years in 2010). Read More

    Psychological Determinants of Medication Adherence in Stroke Survivors: a Systematic Review of Observational Studies.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):833-845
    Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, Division of Health and Social Care Research, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, King's College London, 6th Floor, Addison House, Guy's Campus, London, SE1 1UL, UK.
    Background: Medications targeting stroke risk factors have shown good efficacy, yet adherence is suboptimal. To improve adherence, its determinants must be understood. To date, no systematic review has mapped identified determinants into the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) in order to establish a more complete understanding of medication adherence. Read More

    Examining the Support Peer Supporters Provide Using Structural Equation Modeling: Nondirective and Directive Support in Diabetes Management.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):810-821
    Peers for Progress and Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Rosenau Hall, CB #7440, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7440, USA.
    Background: Little research has examined the characteristics of peer support. Pertinent to such examination may be characteristics such as the distinction between nondirective support (accepting recipients' feelings and cooperative with their plans) and directive (prescribing "correct" choices and feelings).

    Purpose: In a peer support program for individuals with diabetes, this study examined (a) whether the distinction between nondirective and directive support was reflected in participants' ratings of support provided by peer supporters and (b) how nondirective and directive support were related to depressive symptoms, diabetes distress, and Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Read More

    Cumulative Impact of Stressful Life Events on the Development of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):925-930
    Department of Medicine, Brown University Medical School and The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.
    Background: The role of stressful life events in the onset of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is unclear.

    Purpose: This study sought to examine associations between type, timing, and number of stressful life events and onset of TC.

    Methods: A case-control study conducted among consecutive incident female TC cases and myocardial infarction (MI) controls admitted to two emergency departments in New England. Read More

    Getting to the Heart of Masculinity Stressors: Masculinity Threats Induce Pronounced Vagal Withdrawal During a Speaking Task.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):846-855
    Department of Sociology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 26 Nichol Ave, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
    Background: Previous work has found that traditional masculinity ideals and behaviors play a crucial role in higher rates of morbidity and mortality for men. Some studies also suggest that threatening men's masculinity can be stressful. Over time, this stress can weigh on men's cardiovascular and metabolic systems, which may contribute to men's higher rates of cardiometabolic health issues. Read More

    "What Goes Around Comes Around": Antecedents, Mediators, and Consequences of Controlling vs. Need-Supportive Motivational Strategies Used by Exercise Professionals.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):707-717
    Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Human Performance (CIPER), Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Background: Research into the factors associated with the use of different motivational strategies by exercise professionals is of empirical and practical utility.

    Purpose: Grounded in self-determination theory, this study sought to analyze putative antecedents, mediators, and work-related well- and ill-being consequences of two types of motivational strategies reported by exercise professionals.

    Methods: Participants were 366 exercise professionals (193 males; experience = 7. Read More

    Depressive Symptoms and Sleep Efficiency Sequentially Mediate Racial Differences in Temporal Summation of Mechanical Pain.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):673-682
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.
    Background: Racial differences in endogenous pain facilitatory processes have been previously reported. Evidence suggests that psychological and behavioral factors, including depressive symptoms and sleep, can alter endogenous pain facilitatory processes. Whether depressive symptoms and sleep might help explain racial differences in endogenous pain facilitatory processes has yet to be determined. Read More

    The Cortisol Awakening Response Mediates the Relationship Between Acculturative Stress and Self-Reported Health in Mexican Americans.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):787-798
    Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX, 78249, USA.
    Background: The assessment of acculturative stress as synonymous with acculturation level overlooks the dynamic, interactive, and developmental nature of the acculturation process. An individual's unique perception and response to a range of stressors at each stage of the dynamic process of acculturation may be associated with stress-induced alterations in important biological response systems that mediate health outcomes. Evidence suggests the cortisol awakening response (CAR) is a promising pre-clinical biomarker of stress exposure that may link acculturative stress to self-reported health in Mexican Americans. Read More

    Can Communicating Personalised Disease Risk Promote Healthy Behaviour Change? A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):718-729
    Nightingale Centre, University Hospital South Manchester, Manchester, M23 9LT, England.
    Background: The assessment and communication of disease risk that is personalised to the individual is widespread in healthcare contexts. Despite several systematic reviews of RCTs, it is unclear under what circumstances that personalised risk estimates promotes change in four key health-related behaviours: smoking, physical activity, diet and alcohol consumption.

    Purpose: The present research aims to systematically identify, evaluate and synthesise the findings of existing systematic reviews. Read More

    Does Stress Result in You Exercising Less? Or Does Exercising Result in You Being Less Stressed? Or Is It Both? Testing the Bi-directional Stress-Exercise Association at the Group and Person (N of 1) Level.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Dec;51(6):799-809
    Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.
    Background: Psychosocial stress contributes to heart disease in part by adversely affecting maintenance of health behaviors, while exercise can reduce stress. Assessing the bi-directional relationship between stress and exercise has been limited by lack of real-time data and theoretical and statistical models. This lack may hinder efforts to promote exercise maintenance. Read More

    Ecological Momentary Assessment of Dietary Lapses Across Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment: Characteristics, Predictors, and Relationships with Weight Change.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):741-753
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
    Background: Adherence to dietary prescriptions is critical for successful weight loss and weight loss maintenance. However, research on specific instances of inadherence (lapses) is limited, and findings regarding the frequency, nature, and causes of lapses are mixed. Additionally, no studies have examined lapses over the course of a weight loss program. Read More

    Resilience Resources Moderate the Association of Adverse Childhood Experiences with Adulthood Inflammation.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):782-786
    Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH, USA.
    Background: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACE) has been associated with elevated circulating inflammatory markers in adulthood. Despite the robust effect of ACE on later health outcomes, not all individuals exposed to ACE suffer from poor health.

    Purpose: The goal of this study was to evaluate whether current resilience resources may attenuate the impact of ACE on inflammatory markers among individuals with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Read More

    The Mediating Role of Meaning in the Association between Stress and Health.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):775-781
    Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, USA.
    Background: Stress is a common feature of life and has routinely been linked with negative health outcomes. However, meaning has been identified as a possible buffer against stress.

    Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to examine whether the relationship between stress and health was mediated by meaning in life. Read More

    Pre-adolescent Receptivity to Tobacco Marketing and Its Relationship to Acquiring Friends Who Smoke and Cigarette Smoking Initiation.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):730-740
    Cancer Prevention Program, Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, 3855 Health Sciences Drive MC0901, La Jolla, San Diego, CA, 92093-0901, USA.
    Background: This study extends research on receptivity to tobacco marketing over a key developmental period for cigarette smoking experimentation.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand the effect of receptivity to tobacco marketing and exposure to friends who smoke on smoking experimentation.

    Methods: Participants were 10 to 13 years old who had never tried cigarettes (n = 878), interviewed six times at 8-month intervals. Read More

    Understanding the Dimensions of Anti-Vaccination Attitudes: the Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):652-660
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Background: Anti-vaccination attitudes are important predictors of vaccination behavior. Existing measures of vaccination attitudes focus on specific age groups and/or particular vaccines; a more comprehensive measure would facilitate comparisons across studies.

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a short measure of general vaccination attitudes and establish its reliability and validity. Read More

    The Role of Stigma in Weight Loss Maintenance Among U.S. Adults.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):754-763
    University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worscester, MA, USA.
    Background: Challenges of maintaining long-term weight loss are well-established and present significant obstacles in obesity prevention and treatment. A neglected but potentially important barrier to weight-loss maintenance is weight stigmatization.

    Purpose: We examined the role of weight stigma-experienced and internalized-as a contributor to weight-loss maintenance and weight regain in adults. Read More

    Accumulation of Depressive Symptoms and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):620-628
    Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: The association between depressive symptoms and subclinical atherosclerosis has been inconsistent.

    Purpose: We sought to replicate our previous study, which demonstrated a positive relation between depressive symptoms and subclinical atherosclerosis assessed with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in men, using a newer measurement of carotid IMT and a cumulative loading of depressive symptoms over three follow-ups.

    Methods: The sample comprised 996 adults (352 men) aged 30 to 45 years in 2007 from a prospective population-based Finnish sample. Read More

    A Self-Regulatory Intervention for Patients with Head and Neck Cancer: Pilot Randomized Trial.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):629-641
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand.
    Background: Research is yet to investigate whether psychological interventions delivered early after diagnosis can benefit patients with head and neck cancer (HNC).

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a brief self-regulatory intervention (targeting illness perceptions and coping) at improving HNC patient health-related quality of life (HRQL).

    Methods: A pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted, in which 64 patients were assigned to receive three sessions with a health psychologist in addition to standard care or standard care alone. Read More

    Randomized Trial of a Social Networking Intervention for Cancer-Related Distress.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):661-672
    Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry/Biobehavioral Sciences, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Background: Web and mobile technologies appear to hold promise for delivering evidence-informed and evidence-based intervention to cancer survivors and others living with trauma and other psychological concerns. was developed as a comprehensive online social networking and coping skills training program for cancer survivors living with distress. Read More

    Intervention Mediators in a Randomized Controlled Trial to Increase Colonoscopy Uptake Among Individuals at Increased Risk of Familial Colorectal Cancer.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):694-706
    University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center, Division of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Prevention, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.
    Background: Understanding the pathways by which interventions achieve behavioral change is important for optimizing intervention strategies.

    Purpose: We examined mediators of behavior change in a tailored-risk communication intervention that increased guideline-based colorectal cancer screening among individuals at increased familial risk.

    Methods: Participants at increased familial risk for colorectal cancer (N = 481) were randomized to one of two arms: (1) a remote, tailored-risk communication intervention (Tele-Cancer Risk Assessment and Evaluation (TeleCARE)) or (2) a mailed educational brochure intervention. Read More

    Preparedness and Cancer-Related Symptom Management among Cancer Survivors in the First Year Post-Treatment.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):587-598
    Statistics and Evaluation Center, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Background: Many cancer survivors feel unprepared for the physical and psychosocial challenges that accompany the post-treatment care transition (i.e., re-entry phase), including management of cancer-related symptoms. Read More

    A Randomized-Controlled Trial of Social Norm Interventions to Increase Physical Activity.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Oct;51(5):642-651
    Psychological Sciences, University of California, Merced, 5200 N. Lake Road, Merced, CA, 95343, USA.
    Background: Physical activity confers numerous health benefits, yet few adults meet recommended physical activity guidelines.

    Purpose: The impact of brief messages providing descriptive and injunctive social norm feedback on physical activity was tested in this conceptual pilot study.

    Methods: Young adults (N = 111) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: descriptive norm feedback, descriptive-plus-injunctive norm feedback, or no social feedback (control condition). Read More

    Associations Between Pain Catastrophizing and Cognitive Fusion in Relation to Pain and Upper Extremity Function Among Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery Patients.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):547-554
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 1 Bowdoin Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.
    Background: Patients who present to hand surgery practices are at increased risk of psychological distress, pain, and disability. Greater catastrophic thinking about pain is associated with greater pain intensity, and initial evidence suggest that, together, catastrophic thinking about pain and cognitive fusion (i.e. Read More

    Preventing Weight Gain Improves Sleep Quality Among Black Women: Results from a RCT.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):555-566
    Duke Global Digital Health Science Center, Duke Global Health Institute, 310 Trent Drive, Box 90519, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.
    Background: Obesity and poor sleep are highly prevalent among Black women.

    Purpose: We examined whether a weight gain prevention intervention improved sleep among Black women.

    Methods: We conducted a randomized trial comparing a 12-month weight gain prevention intervention that included self-monitoring through mobile technologies and phone coaching to usual care in community health centers. Read More

    Prospective Associations Between Depressive Symptoms and the Metabolic Syndrome: the Spirited Life Study of Methodist Pastors in North Carolina.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):610-619
    Duke Global Health Institute and Duke Center for Health Policy & Inequalities Research, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Background: Metabolic syndrome (Met-S) has a robust concurrent association with depression. A small, methodologically limited literature suggests that Met-S and depression are reciprocally related over time, an association that could contribute to their overlapping influences on morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer.

    Purpose: Using a refined approach to the measurement of Met-S as a continuous latent variable comprising continuous components, this study tested the prospective associations between Met-S and depression. Read More

    Are Optimism and Cynical Hostility Associated with Smoking Cessation in Older Women?
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):500-510
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA.
    Background: Optimism and cynical hostility independently predict morbidity and mortality in Women's Health Initiative (WHI) participants and are associated with current smoking. However, their association with smoking cessation in older women is unknown.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to test whether optimism (positive future expectations) or cynical hostility (mistrust of others) predicts smoking cessation in older women. Read More

    Increasing Physical Activity Through Principles of Habit Formation in New Gym Members: a Randomized Controlled Trial.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):578-586
    University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.
    Background: The promotion of physical activity (PA) is paramount to public health, yet interventions in the social cognitive tradition have yielded negligible improvements. The limited progression may be due to an overreliance on intention as the proximal determinant of behavior and a lack of consideration of implicit/automatic processes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a habit formation intervention on PA over 8 weeks in a two-arm parallel design, randomized controlled trial. Read More

    Assessing the Effects of Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Behavior Change Strategies on Physical Activity in Older Adults: a Factorial Experiment.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Jun;51(3):376-390
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, N321 Elliot Hall, 75 E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.
    Background: Little is known about which behavior change strategies motivate older adults to increase their physical activity.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the relative effects of two sets of behavior change strategies to motivate increased physical activity among older adults: interpersonal and intrapersonal.

    Methods: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 102, mean age = 79) were randomized in a 2 × 2 factorial experiment to receive interpersonal (e. Read More

    Bidirectional, Temporal Associations of Sleep with Positive Events, Affect, and Stressors in Daily Life Across a Week.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Jun;51(3):402-415
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.
    Background: Sleep is intricately tied to emotional well-being, yet little is known about the reciprocal links between sleep and psychosocial experiences in the context of daily life.

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate daily psychosocial experiences (positive and negative affect, positive events, and stressors) as predictors of same-night sleep quality and duration, in addition to the reversed associations of nightly sleep predicting next-day experiences.

    Methods: Daily experiences and self-reported sleep were assessed via telephone interviews for eight consecutive evenings in two replicate samples of US employees (131 higher-income professionals and 181 lower-income hourly workers). Read More

    Monetary Incentive Interventions Can Enhance Psychological Factors Related to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):599-609
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, 345 UCB, Boulder, CO, 80309, USA.
    Background: Incentive interventions have gained popularity to motivate health behavior change, but some psychological theorists caution that they may have deleterious effects on factors that potentiate behavior maintenance. Importantly, no empirical study has tested whether incentives indeed have iatrogenic effects on key psychological constructs associated with health behavior change and maintenance.

    Purpose: The study aims to explore the effects of monetary incentives on theoretically informed psychological constructs and fruit and vegetable consumption. Read More

    Psychosocial Factors in the Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Cardiometabolic Risk: the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):477-488
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA.
    Background: U.S. Hispanics/Latinos display a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn), a group of co-occurring cardiometabolic risk factors (abdominal obesity, impaired fasting glucose, dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure) associated with higher cardiovascular disease and mortality risk. Read More

    How Can Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Both Be Changed? Testing Two Interventions to Promote Consumption of Green Vegetables.
    Ann Behav Med 2017 Aug;51(4):511-518
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Background: Although correlational studies have demonstrated that implicit and explicit attitudes are both important in predicting eating behavior, few studies targeting food choice have attempted to change both types of attitudes.

    Purpose: We tested the impact of (a) an evaluative learning intervention that uses the self to change attitudes (i.e. Read More

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