1,596 results match your criteria Annals of Behavioral Medicine[Journal]

Chronic Stress in Vocational and Intimate Partner Domains as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms After Breast Cancer Diagnosis.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Box, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: After cancer diagnosis, depressive symptoms are elevated on average and decline over time, but substantial variability is apparent. Few studies have examined to what extent chronic stress in distinct life domains affects depressive symptoms.

Purpose: Chronic stress in vocational and intimate partner life domains, and their interaction, were tested as predictors of depressive symptoms after breast cancer diagnosis. Read More

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June 2018
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The Internal Consistency and Validity of the Vaccination Attitudes Examination Scale: A Replication Study.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Jun 19. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Division of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, UK.

Background: Vaccinations are important preventative health behaviors. The recently developed Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale aims to measure the reasons behind refusal/hesitancy regarding vaccinations.

Purpose: The aim of this replication study is to conduct an independent test of the newly developed VAX Scale in the UK. Read More

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Happiness and Inflammatory Responses to Acute Stress in People With Type 2 Diabetes.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Jun 18. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Research Department of Behavioral Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Positive psychological characteristics in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are associated with better health and longevity, and one plausible physiological mechanism involves lower markers of inflammation. Positive affect is related to lower basal inflammatory markers and smaller inflammatory responses to acute stress, but this association in people with T2D remains to be examined.

Purpose: To examine the relationship between happiness and inflammatory markers at baseline and in response to acute stress in people with T2D. Read More

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Weight Stigma and Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical Axis Reactivity in Individuals Who Are Overweight.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Jun 16. Epub 2018 Jun 16.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.

Background: Stigmatized people exhibit blunted cortisol responses to many stressors.

Purpose: To examine the cortisol responses of individuals who are overweight to a stigma-related stressor involving interviewing for a weight-discriminatory company.

Methods: We recruited 170 men and women (mean age = 35. Read More

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Improving Adherence to Smoking Cessation Treatment: Smoking Outcomes in a Web-based Randomized Trial.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Mar;52(4):331-341

Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies, Truth Initiative, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: Partial adherence in Internet smoking cessation interventions presents treatment and evaluation challenges. Increasing adherence may improve outcomes.

Purpose: To present smoking outcomes from an Internet randomized trial of two strategies to encourage adherence to tobacco dependence treatment components: (i) a social network (SN) strategy to integrate smokers into an online community and (ii) free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Read More

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Well-being and Long-term Physical Activity Participation in Midlife Adults: A Latent Class Analysis.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Jun 7. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Purdue University, Fowler Memorial House, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Background: Despite the benefits of physical activity, a large majority of adults fail to get the recommended amount of regular exercise, and interventions to increase physical activity typically achieve only temporary improvements. The potential contribution of positive psychological functioning to the maintenance of physical activity has not been widely examined.

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that psychological well-being would increase the likelihood of sustained physical activity in adults using a person-centered approach with longitudinal data. Read More

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Parental Expectation of Side Effects Following Vaccination Is Self-fulfilling: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Jun 2. Epub 2018 Jun 2.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Background: One of the major factors contributing to parental refusal of vaccinations is the perception that vaccines cause side effects. Although symptoms are commonly reported following vaccinations, their causes are not always straightforward. Although some may be directly attributable to the vaccine itself, others may reflect pre-existing or coincidental symptoms that are misattributed to the vaccine. Read More

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June 2018
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Integrated Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Improves Illness Intrusiveness in Veterans With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 31. Epub 2018 May 31.

Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Progressive illnesses such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) impart a high level of physical and psychological burden. Evidence-based psychotherapies hold the potential to improve perceptions of physical health impairment, yet few studies have documented these effects.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of brief cognitive behavioral therapy (bCBT) on disease-related illness intrusiveness. Read More

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Is Resolution of Chronic Pain Associated With Changes in Blood Pressure-related Hypoalgesia?

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(7):552-559

Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Background: In healthy individuals, elevated resting blood pressure (BP) is associated with reduced pain responsiveness and lower temporal summation. Prior work indicates that this BP-related hypoalgesia is reduced in individuals with chronic pain.

Purpose: This study evaluated whether resolution of chronic pain was associated with greater BP-related hypoalgesia compared to nonresolution. Read More

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Which Aspects of Positive Affect Are Related to Mortality? Results From a General Population Longitudinal Study.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(7):571-581

Department of Health Promotion, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Previous research has shown a link between low positive affect and mortality, but questions remain about how positive affect is related to mortality and how this differs by gender and age.

Purpose: To investigate the relationships between positive affect, negative affect, and mortality in a general population sample, and to examine whether these relationships were related to age, sex, or cause-specific mortality.

Methods: We used data from 5,554 Norwegian participants aged 47-49 and 71-74 years who completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and also provided data on demographics, health behaviors, and physical health as part of the Hordaland Health Study. Read More

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Enhanced Invitations Using the Question-Behavior Effect and Financial Incentives to Promote Health Check Uptake in Primary Care.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(7):594-605

Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, King's College London, Addison House, Guy's Campus, London, UK.

Background: Uptake of health checks for cardiovascular risk assessment in primary care in England is lower than anticipated. The question-behavior effect (QBE) may offer a simple, scalable intervention to increase health check uptake.

Purpose: The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of enhanced invitation methods employing the QBE, with or without a financial incentive to return the questionnaire, at increasing uptake of health checks. Read More

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The Influence of Social Modeling, Gender, and Empathy on Treatment Side Effects.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(7):560-570

The University of Auckland, Department of Psychological Medicine, Auckland, New Zeal.

Background: Social modeling has the capacity to shape treatment outcomes, including side effects.

Purpose: This study investigated the influence of social modeling of treatment side effects, gender, and participant empathy, on side effects of a placebo treatment.

Methods: Ninety-six participants (48 females) completed a study purportedly investigating the influence of modafinil (actually placebo) on alertness and fatigue. Read More

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Social Isolation, Loneliness, and Health Behaviors at Older Ages: Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(7):582-593

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: The prospective associations between social isolation, loneliness, and health behaviors are uncertain, despite the potential importance of these relationships over time for outcomes including mortality.

Purpose: To examine the associations between baseline social isolation, baseline loneliness, and engagement in health behaviors over 10 years among older adults.

Methods: Data were from 3,392 men and women aged ≥52 years in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing from 2004/2005 to 2014/2015. Read More

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Ann Behav Med 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

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Understanding Why Pictorial Cigarette Pack Warnings Increase Quit Attempts.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 29. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Our randomized trial found that pictorial cigarette pack warnings elicited more quit attempts than text-only warnings.

Purpose: In the current study, we sought to identify psychological mechanisms that explain why pictorial cigarette pack warnings change behavior.

Methods: In 2014 and 2015, we recruited 2,149 adult smokers in NC and CA, USA. Read More

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Early Weight Loss in Behavioral Treatment Predicts Later Rate of Weight Loss and Response to Pharmacotherapy.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 24. Epub 2018 May 24.

Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Suite, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Early weight loss (EWL) in the first 1-2 months of behavioral treatment is a strong predictor of later total weight loss. It is not clear whether participants with lower early losses lose less in ongoing treatment or simply fail to overcome the smaller initial loss. Furthermore, no study has tested whether EWL in behavioral treatment predicts response to a different treatment modality, such as pharmacotherapy. Read More

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Intervention Fidelity Within Trials of Infant Feeding Behavioral Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

School of Psychology, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland.

Background: Intervention fidelity refers to whether an intervention has been implemented as intended. Trials of infant feeding behavioral interventions to prevent childhood obesity show inconsistent evidence of effectiveness. However, intervention fidelity has not been previously explored within these trials, limiting interpretation of findings. Read More

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Smoking and Physical Activity Explain the Increased Mortality Risk Following Marital Separation and Divorce: Evidence From the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 23. Epub 2018 May 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background: Marital separation and divorce are associated with an increased risk of early mortality, but the specific biobehavioral pathways that explain this association remain largely unknown.

Purpose: This study sought to identify the putative psychological, behavioral, and biomarker variables that can help explain the association of being separated or divorced and increased risk for early mortality.

Methods: Using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a representative community sample of aging adults (N = 5,786), we examined the association of marital status and life satisfaction, health behaviors measured 2 years later, biomarkers measured 4 years later, and mortality outcomes from the subsequent 4 years. Read More

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Behavior Change Techniques Used in Digital Behavior Change Interventions to Reduce Excessive Alcohol Consumption: A Meta-regression.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(6):530-543

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, UCL, UK.

Background: Digital behavior change interventions (DBCIs) appear to reduce alcohol consumption, but greater understanding is needed of their mechanisms of action.

Purpose: To describe the behavior change techniques (BCTs) used in DBCIs and examine whether individual BCTs, the inclusion of more BCTs or more Control Theory congruent BCTs is associated with increased effectiveness.

Methods: Forty-one randomized control trials were extracted from a Cochrane review of alcohol reduction DBCIs and coded for up to 93 BCTs using an established and reliable method. Read More

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Strained Bedfellows: An Actor-Partner Analysis of Spousal Attachment Insecurity and Sleep Quality.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 17. Epub 2018 May 17.

Department of Psychology and Health Psychology Program, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Background: The quality of interpersonal ties-especially closer relationships-appears to be associated with physical health outcomes. Sleep is one pathway through which relationships and health appear to be linked, but this has been inadequately investigated in the context of dyadic attachment.

Purpose: The present study examined links between relationship-specific attachment anxiety (which can involve preoccupation with one's partner, negative relationship cognitions, and fear of abandonment) and avoidance (e. Read More

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Checking Behavior, Fear of Recurrence, and Daily Triggers in Breast Cancer Survivors.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.

Background: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a top ongoing concern of breast cancer (BC) survivors and thus the focus of recent intervention development. The Self-Regulation Model of FCR (Lee-Jones C, Humphris G, Dixon R, Hatcher MB. Fear of cancer recurrence-a literature review and proposed cognitive formulation to explain exacerbation of recurrence fears. Read More

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Discontinuing Treatment Against Medical Advice: The Role of Perceived Autonomy Support From Providers in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Background: Long-term medication adherence is problematic among patients with chronic medical conditions. To our knowledge, this was the first study to examine factors associated with nonadherence among patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who discontinue disease-modifying treatments against medical advice.

Purpose: To examine differences in perceived provider autonomy support between disease-modifying treatment-adherent relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients and relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients who discontinued disease-modifying treatments against medical advice. Read More

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The Relationship Between a Balanced Time Perspective and Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose Among People With Type 1 Diabetes.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 10. Epub 2018 May 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Background: Self-monitoring of blood glucose helps people with type 1 diabetes to maintain glycemic control and reduce the risk of complications. However, adherence to blood glucose monitoring is often suboptimal.

Purpose: Like many health behaviors, self-monitoring of blood glucose involves exerting effort in the present to achieve future benefits. Read More

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Perceptions and Beliefs Motivating Parental Discussions of Marijuana Use With Children.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 10. Epub 2018 May 10.

Psychological Sciences, University of California, Merced, Merced, CA, USA.

Background: Parents can influence their children's use of marijuana and other substances through targeted parent-child discussions. Little is known about what factors motivate parents' decisions to discuss marijuana use with their children.

Purpose: Guided by an elaborated prototype-willingness model, we tested hypotheses that: (a) parental perceived risk of harms and negative prototypes of youth who use marijuana positively predict worry about their child using marijuana; (b) higher perceived risk and worry predict higher intentions to discuss marijuana use with one's child; (c) negative prototypes and worry positively predict willingness to have discussions; and (d) higher intentions and willingness predicts having discussions. Read More

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Introduction to the Special Section on Behavior Change Intervention Development: Theories, Methods, and Mechanisms.

Kevin S Masters

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

Department of Psychology and Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, University of Colorado, Denver Denver, CO, USA.

This manuscript introduces a special section of Annals of Behavioral Medicine consisting of six independent articles examining the development of theoretically based behavior change interventions as well as consideration of the associated mechanisms of behavior change. The specific behaviors that are the focus of the papers are of lesser importance than the more general information that may be applied in many different settings with various behaviors. Each of the six articles is briefly previewed along with introductory and concluding comments. Read More

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Internet-Based Programs Incorporating Behavior Change Techniques Are Associated With Increased Smoking Cessation in the General Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 10. Epub 2018 May 10.

School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

Background And Aims: This study aims to (i) examine the effectiveness of internet-based smoking cessation programs; (ii) describe the number and type of behavior change techniques (BCTs) employed; and (iii) explore whether BCTs included in internet-based smoking cessation programs are related to program effectiveness.

Methods: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CENTRAL databases were searched. Randomized controlled trials were included if they described the study of a smoking cessation program delivered via the internet; included current adult tobacco smokers from the general population; and were written in English. Read More

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May 2018
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Romantic Relationship Satisfaction and Ambulatory Blood Pressure During Social Interactions: Specificity or Spillover Effects?

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 8. Epub 2018 May 8.

Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: People in high-quality romantic relationships tend to have lower blood pressure (BP). People may experience lower BP specifically when interacting with romantic partners.

Purpose: This study parsed the effects of different types of social interactions on ambulatory BP (ABP) and tested whether romantic relationship satisfaction moderated these effects during interactions with partners in particular (specificity) or with others (spillover; e. Read More

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Trajectories of Current and Predicted Satisfaction With One's Life Following a Cancer Diagnosis.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

Basic Biobehavioral and Psychological Sciences Branch, Behavioral Research Program, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA.

Background: Poor physical and mental health is common among cancer survivors, but little is known about how cancer influences life satisfaction and expectations about one's future, both of which may subsequently influence health decisions and outcomes.

Purpose: The current study examined how a cancer diagnosis influences current and predicted future life satisfaction in seven domains, including family, finances, work, and health.

Methods: We leveraged data from three waves of the Midlife in the United States study (N = 6,389) and examined the relation between new and past cancer diagnoses on satisfaction using generalized estimating equations. Read More

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Revisiting the Relationship Between Acculturation and Smoking Cessation Among Mexican Americans.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.

Huntsman Cancer Institute and Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Background: A well-established gender-differentiated association between acculturation and current smoking exists among Latino adults. There are far fewer studies on the potential influence of acculturation on smoking cessation, and extant findings are mixed.

Purpose: Using a multidimensional measure of acculturation, the current study examined the independent and interactive associations of gender and acculturation with smoking cessation among Mexican American smokers engaged in a quit attempt. Read More

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A Psychometric Approach to Theory-Based Behavior Change Intervention Development: Example From the Colorado Meaning-Activity Project.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(6):463-473

Department of Psychology and Anschutz Health and Wellness Center, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO, USA.

Background: There has been a notable disconnect between theories of behavior change and behavior change interventions. Because few interventions are both explicitly and adequately theory-based, investigators cannot assess the impact of theory on intervention effectiveness. Theory-based interventions, designed to deliberately engage the theory's proposed mechanisms of change, are needed to adequately test theories. Read More

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Daily Temporal Associations Between Physical Activity and Symptoms in Multiple Sclerosis.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr 25. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Background: Symptom severity is negatively associated with physical activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, it is unclear how physical activity and symptoms correlate on a day-to-day basis in persons with MS.

Purpose: To determine the temporal within-person associations of pain, fatigue, depressed mood, and perceived cognitive function with physical activity in MS. Read More

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April 2018
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Genetic, Psychological, and Personal Network Factors Associated With Changes in Binge Drinking Over 2 Years Among Mexican Heritage Adolescents in the USA.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr 24. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Background: Despite prevalent binge drinking and alcohol-dependent symptoms among Hispanics, few studies have examined how multidimensional factors influence Hispanic adolescents' binge drinking. Purpose This study examines the effects of genetic, psychological, and social network factors on binge drinking over time among Mexican heritage adolescents in the USA and whether there are correlations among genetic variants that are associated with binge drinking and psychological and network characteristics.

Methods: Mexican heritage adolescents (n = 731) participated in a longitudinal study, which included genetic testing at baseline, alcohol use assessments at first and second follow-ups, and questionnaires on sensation seeking, impulsivity, and peer and family network characteristics at second follow-up. Read More

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Disentangling Efficacy and Expectations: A Prospective, Cross-lagged Panel Study of Cancer Survivors' Physical Activity.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr 23. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Behavioral and Epidemiology Research Group at the American Cancer Society, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Despite demonstrated utility of Bandura's social cognitive theory for increasing physical activity among cancer survivors, the validity of the originally hypothesized relationships among self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and physical activity behavior continues to be debated.

Purpose: To explore the temporal ordering of outcome expectations and self-efficacy as they relate to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity behavior.

Methods: Longitudinal data from cancer survivors (N = 1,009) recently completing treatment were used to fit six cross-lagged panel models, including one parent model, one model representing originally hypothesized variable relationships, and four alternative models. Read More

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Sex and the Brain: Empirical Intersection of Neurocognition and Sexual Behavior.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr;52(5):353-355

Department of Psychiatry, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

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Effects of a Group-Mediated Exercise and Dietary Intervention in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer Patients Undergoing Androgen Deprivation Therapy: Results From the IDEA-P Trial.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr;52(5):412-428

Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Although androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) is the foundation of treatment for prostate cancer, the physiological impacts of ADT result in functional decline and enhanced risk of chronic disease and metabolic syndrome.

Purpose: The Individualized Diet and Exercise Adherence Pilot Trial (IDEA-P) is a single-blind, randomized, pilot trial comparing the effects of a group-mediated, cognitive-behavioral (GMCB) exercise and dietary intervention (EX+D) with those of a standard-of-care (SC) control during the treatment of prostate cancer patients undergoing ADT.

Methods: A total of 32 prostate cancer patients (M age = 66. Read More

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On the Usefulness of Narratives: An Interdisciplinary Review and Theoretical Model.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr;52(5):429-442

Department of Health Education and Health Behavior, Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine (CBSSM), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Background: How can we use stories from other people to promote better health experiences, improve judgments about health, and increase the quality of medical decisions without introducing bias, systematically persuading the listeners to change their attitudes, or altering behaviors in nonoptimal ways? More practically, should narratives be used in health education, promotion, or behavior change interventions?

Method: In this article, we address these questions by conducting a narrative review of a diverse body of literature on narratives from several disciplines to gain a better understanding about what narratives do, including their role in communication, engagement, recall, persuasion, and health behavior change. We also review broad theories about information processing and persuasion from psychology and more specific models about narrative messaging found in the health communication and marketing literatures to provide insight into the processes by which narratives have their effect on health behavior.

Results: To address major gaps in our theoretical understanding about how narratives work and what effects they will have on health behavior, we propose the Narrative Immersion Model, whose goal is to identify the parameters that predict the specific impact of a particular narrative (e. Read More

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Neural activation during delay discounting is associated with 6-month change in risky sexual behavior in adolescents.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr;52(5):356-366

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, UCB, Boulder, CO.

Background: Identifying cognitive and neural mechanisms of decision making in adolescence can enhance understanding of, and interventions to reduce, risky health behaviors in adolescence. Delay discounting, or the propensity to discount the magnitude of temporally distal rewards, has been associated with diverse health risk behaviors, including risky sex. This cognitive process involves recruitment of reward and cognitive control brain regions, which develop on different trajectories in adolescence and are also implicated in real-world risky decision making. Read More

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Prefrontal Cortical Activity During the Stroop Task: New Insights into the Why and the Who of Real-World Risky Sexual Behavior.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr;52(5):367-379

Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Research suggests that deficits in both executive functioning and trait impulsivity may play a role in risky sexual behavior. At the neural level, differences in regulation of the prefrontal cortex have been linked to impulsivity, measured neurocognitively and through self-report. The relationship between neurocognitive measures of executive control and trait impulsivity in predicting risky sexual behavior has not been investigated. Read More

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Mediators of Behavior Change Maintenance in Physical Activity Interventions for Young and Middle-Aged Adults: A Systematic Review.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(6):513-529

Centre for Public Health Research/UKCRC Centre of Excellence for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Block B, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK.

Background: Regular physical activity is important for maintaining physical and mental health. Benefits are optimized when physical activity is maintained. Understanding causal mechanisms is important to inform future interventions. Read More

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May 2018
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The Impact of Social Isolation on Pain Interference: A Longitudinal Study.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Division of Pain Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Palo Alto, CA USA.

Background: Evidence suggests social interactions play an important role in pain perception.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether social isolation (SI) in people with persistent pain determines pain interference (PI) and physical function over time.

Methods: Patients seeking care at a tertiary pain management referral center were administered the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) SI, PI, physical function, depression, and average pain intensity item banks at their initial consultation and subsequent visits as part of their routine clinical care. Read More

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April 2018
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Changes in physical activity behavior and C-reactive protein in breast cancer patients.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(7):545-551

Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations are associated with morbidity and mortality in breast cancer patients and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) may help regulate CRP levels.

Purpose: The purpose of this prospective study was to examine intraindividual and interindividual changes in MVPA on changes in CRP levels among early posttreatment breast cancer patients.

Methods: During five data collections over the first year posttreatment for breast cancer, women (N = 138, Mage = 55. Read More

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May 2018
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Sexual risk-taking and subcortical brain volume in adolescence.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr;52(5):393-405

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO.

Background : The developmental period of adolescence marks the initiation of new socioemotional and physical behaviors, including sexual intercourse. However, little is known about neurodevelopmental influences on adolescent sexual decision-making.

Purpose: We sought to determine how subcortical brain volume correlated with condom use, and whether those associations differed by gender and pubertal development. Read More

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April 2018
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Engaging Fathers to Increase Physical Activity in Girls: The "Dads And Daughters Exercising and Empowered" (DADEE) Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Apr 10. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Priority Research Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Existing strategies to increase girls' physical activity levels have seen limited success. Fathers may influence their children's physical activity, but often spend more time with their sons and rarely participate in family-based programs.

Purpose: To test a novel program designed to increase the physical activity levels of fathers and their daughters. Read More

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April 2018
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Psychosocial Predictors of Self-reported Medical Adherence in Patients With Heart Failure Over 6 Months: An Examination of the Influences of Depression, Self-efficacy, Social Support, and Their Changes.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(7):613-619

Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Poor adherence to medical regimens is a serious problem that interferes with heart failure (HF) patients' disease management and contributes to poor clinical outcomes. Few prospective studies have examined the psychosocial predictors of adherence over time in HF patients.

Purpose: This study examined the influences of depression, self-efficacy, social support, and their changes on self-reported medical adherence over 6 months in HF patients. Read More

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May 2018
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The Effects of Caloric Education, Trial-by-Trial Feedback, and their Interaction on College-Aged Women's Abilities to Estimate Caloric Content.

Ann Behav Med 2018 May;52(7):606-612

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Background: Many people track the caloric content of food, given its relevance to weight loss, gain, or maintenance. A better understanding of the psychological underpinnings of caloric-content estimation for unhealthy foods is of significant psychological and public-health interest.

Purpose: This study investigated whether college-aged women could be trained to estimate the caloric content of unhealthy foods more accurately via exposure to caloric-content education, trial-by-trial feedback, and their combination. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Changes in Body Mass Index and Physical Activity Predict Changes in Vitality During a Weight Loss Trial in Breast Cancer Survivors.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Mar 29. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

University of Alabama at Birmingham, UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Background : Breast cancer survivors rank fatigue (e.g., decreased vitality) as their number one concern affecting quality of life. Read More

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March 2018
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Perseverative Cognitions and Stress Exposure: Comparing Relationships With Psychological Health Across a Diverse Adult Sample.

Ann Behav Med 2018 Mar 29. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Background: Both exposure to stress and perseverative cognitions (PCs)-repetitive cognitive representations of real or imagined stressors-are linked with poor psychological health. Yet, stress exposure and PCs are correlated, thus potentially obscuring any unique effects.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to concurrently test associations between stress exposure and PCs and psychological health to examine the independent relationship of each with psychological health. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read