650 results match your criteria Annals of African medicine[Journal]


Prevalence of erectile dysfunction among Greek men with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):73-74

First Department of Internal Medicine, Diabetes Centre, Tzaneio General Hospital of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece , Greece.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_32_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189876PMC

Incidentally detected primary hyperparathyroidism.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):71-72

Department of Radiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_11_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189877PMC

Complex regional pain syndrome: A case report and review of the literature.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):68-70

Department of Orthopedics, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare neuropathic pain disorder associated with severe pain, muscle weakness, limb edema and hyperhidrosis. Predisposing factors include fracture, surgery, stroke and spinal cord injury. CRPS may recur in the same limb or spread to other limbs to complicate management. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_23_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189882PMC

Maternal and perinatal outcomes of birth preparedness and complication readiness in recently delivered women of a Southwestern Nigerian Town.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):60-67

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria.

Context: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) have been shown to increase knowledge of danger signs and enhance access to skilled obstetric care. Previous studies have focused on intermediate outcomes of BPCR such as utilization of skilled care for pregnancy and delivery.

Aims: This study aims to determine the maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with birth preparedness and complication readiness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_29_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189883PMC

Young Peoples' support for a smoke-free campus policy: A case for smoke-free campuses in the statewide smoking law in Lagos State, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):53-59

Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos; Department of Community Health and Primary Care; Non-Communicable Disease Research Group, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: Smoke-free policies are increasingly being enacted in several countries. In 2014, Lagos State, the commercial capital of Nigeria, enacted a statewide smoke-free policy; however, university campuses were excluded from the list of public places where smoking would be disallowed. This study aimed to assess students' support for smoke-free campus policies, their attitudes, and exposure toward secondhand smoke (SHS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_27_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189885PMC

Late referral and associated factors among chronic kidney disease outpatients in Southern Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):47-52

Kidney Care Centre, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo City, Ondo State, Nigeria.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a recognized noncommunicable disease that contributes to the global disease burden. Studies on late referral (LR) of CKD patients to the nephrologist have reported incidence rates of 22%-58% according to the definition of LR used. CKD patients who present late to the nephrologist tend to have poorer outcomes with increased morbidity and mortality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_26_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189878PMC

Screening at the dental office: An opportunity for bridging the gap in the early diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes in Ghana.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):40-46

Department of Oral Pathology and Medicine, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Background: The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes is increasing in Ghana and sub-Saharan Africa. Screening is a useful tool in improving the early detection of both diseases to reduce the mortality and morbidity associated with the conditions. This study set out to determine the prevalence of patients with hypertension and hyperglycemia attending a dental clinic in Accra. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_22_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189880PMC

Oscillometric blood pressure profile of adolescent secondary school students in Abakaliki metropolis.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):31-39

Department of Paediatrics, Federal Teaching Hospital; Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi, Nigeria.

Context: Adolescence is characterized by a tremendous pace in growth, biological, and psychosocial changes. This may translate to rapid increases in anthropometric parameters and indulgence in youth risk behaviors, and these are the risk factors for arterial hypertension (HTN).

Aim: This study aimed to determine the oscillometric blood pressure (BP) profile of apparently healthy secondary school adolescents in Abakaliki metropolis and its relationship with sex and anthropometric variables. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_21_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189881PMC

Open adrenalectomy: A 20-year review of our experience in a developing country.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):26-30

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, Farabi Hospital, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to present our 20-year experience regarding open adrenalectomy (OA) during laparoscopic era in a developing country Turkey.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective and descriptive study of patients with adrenal mass undergoing OA in the surgery department of our hospital, between January 1993 and January 2013, was carried out. All operations were performed by two surgeons. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_10_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189884PMC

Effectiveness of an ear and hearing care training program for frontline health workers: A before and after study.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):20-25

Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria.

Background: Delegating ear and hearing care (EHC) tasks to frontline health workers may help to improve muchneeded access to this specialized care. Primary healthcare workers (PHCWs) need to acquire relevant knowledge and skill to recognize, refer, and/or treat simple ear problems. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an EHC training program for PHCWs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_9_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189879PMC

Various causative factors and associated complications of childhood obesity in Jeddah, Western Region, Saudi Arabia.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):15-19

King Abdulaziz University, College of Medicine and Surgery, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the causative factors and complications attributable to obesity in children living in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: This is a retrospective study encompassing a sample size of 151 children and adolescents between the ages of 4 and 20 years. Data were collected through reviewing medical records, medical files on the hospital electronic system, and clinical interviews conducted with legal guardians. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_8_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189888PMC

Doppler ultrasonographic evaluation of lower limbs deep-vein thrombosis in a teaching hospital, Northwestern Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):8-14

Department of Chemical Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University/Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria.

Background: Deep-venous thrombosis (DVT) of lower limbs is one of the most common causes of death caused by pulmonary embolism. Many medical and surgical disorders are complicated by DVT. B-mode and color Doppler imaging are needed for the early diagnosis of DVT to prevent complications and sequalae of DVT. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_62_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189887PMC

Cytotoxic-induced heart failure among breast cancer patients in Nigeria: A call to prevent today's cancer patients from being tomorrow's cardiac patients.

Authors:
Raphael Anakwue

Ann Afr Med 2020 Jan-Mar;19(1):1-7

Department of Medicine; Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

We report three cases of heart failure (HF) associated with the use of cytotoxic drugs such as anthracycline, cyclophosphamide, and 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of breast cancer in Nigerians. The patients had systolic and diastolic HF: HF with reduced ejection fraction and preserved ejection fraction. The prevalence of breast cancer is increasing across Africa, and cytotoxics are some of the most common and best drugs used during management. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_24_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189886PMC

Maxillary mucormycosis causing oroantral fistula in a young female.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Oct-Dec;18(4):211-213

Department of Radiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_1_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918789PMC

Ovarian fibroma with torsion in a young female.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Oct-Dec;18(4):210-211

Department of Radiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_2_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918788PMC

Development of crohn's disease following treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis in a nigerian child: Case report and review of literature.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Oct-Dec;18(4):206-209

Department of Histopathology, Clina Lancet Laboratories, Lagos, Nigeria.

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and Crohn's disease (CD) are diseases that are rarely seen in the black African child. CD has been reported to occur following therapy with etanercept in JIA patients. We report the case of a Nigerian child with JIA who developed CD following treatment for JIA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_16_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918792PMC

Early signs of microvascular complications in pediatric patients with short duration of type 1 diabetes mellitus seen in southeast Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Oct-Dec;18(4):200-205

Department of Paediatrics, Baystate Children's Hospital/UMass Medical School, Springfield, MA, USA.

Background: Clinically evident microvascular complications are rarely seen among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), although early signs develop during childhood and accelerate during puberty.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of early signs of microvascular complications in children and adolescents aged 9-19 years with a short duration of T1DM by screening for retinopathy and nephropathy.

Methods: A cross-sectional study and participants were consecutively enrolled from the Endocrinology Clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_5_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918793PMC

Pattern of limb amputations in Liberia.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Oct-Dec;18(4):196-199

Department of Surgery, John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital, Monrovia, Liberia.

Background: Amputation is one of the oldest known surgical procedures. It has been one of the modalities of applying judgment and treatment. Its method and indications has evolved over time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_19_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918794PMC

Prevalence and pattern of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorders among hemodialysis patients in kano, northwest nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Oct-Dec;18(4):191-195

Department of Medicine, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile Ife, Osun, Nigeria.

Introduction: Mineral and bone disorders (MBD) are among the important complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD) including end-stage renal disease. In addition to the higher rate of all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality, MBD is also a cause of significant morbidity in CKD patients.

Materials And Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of all consenting patients on hemodialysis at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, between December 2011 and June 2012. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_18_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918790PMC

Gross motor developmental delay in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children under 2 years of age.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Oct-Dec;18(4):185-190

Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has significant effects on child development. We report the outcome of gross motor developmental assessment in HIV-infected children <2 years compared with that of uninfected children.

Materials And Methods: Every child <2 years of age presenting for the first time to the pediatric outpatient department of the hospital over 3 months was studied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_7_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918795PMC

Large extraskeletal ewing sarcoma of the hand: A rare entity.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):177-179

Department of Pediatrics, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_55_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704804PMC
February 2020

Do skin lesions in the young sound an alarm.

Authors:
Anupam Dey

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):176-177

Department of General Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_39_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704805PMC
February 2020

Isolated testicular metastasis from prostatic adenocarcinoma.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):173-175

Department of Radiology, Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

Metastatic carcinomas to the testes are rare with prostate adenocarcinoma being the most common. Reported cases of metastatic carcinoma to the testes are usually associated with metastasis to other sites. Metastasis to the testis alone without associated secondaries to other sites can occur and so far, few cases have been reported globally. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_60_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704808PMC
February 2020
1 Read

Prevalence and predictors of low back pain in a Southern Nigerian hospital.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):167-172

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria.

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is the most common musculoskeletal disease in adults. The data on LBP from Sub-Saharan Africa are inadequate. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and analyze the predictors of LBP among hospital staff in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_59_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704812PMC
February 2020

Intima-media thickness of femoral arteries and carotids among an adult hypertensive Nigerian population: A case-control study to assess their use as surrogate markers of atherosclerosis.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):158-166

Department of Medicine, Cardiology Unit, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Increased intima-media thickness (IMT) is an established and important surrogate marker for atherosclerosis. Intima-media thickening in the femoral arteries occur earlier and reflect the true extent of generalized atherosclerosis better than in the carotids. Aims: To study the ultrasound-detected morphological changes in the common femoral versus carotid artery wall. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_57_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704813PMC
February 2020
1 Read

The normal range of maximal incisal opening in pediatric population and its association with physical variables.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):153-157

Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sri Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: Restricted mouth opening is a common complaint in patients suffering from temporomandibular joint disorders, ankylosis, impaired masticatory muscle function, rheumatic disease, infection, or malignancy. As with any disease, the aim of treatment of disorders affecting mouth opening is to restore the mouth opening to its normal value. It is thus of paramount importance to determine the normal value. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_54_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704806PMC
February 2020

Hyperhomocysteinemia and folate levels in normal healthy Nigerians living in Zaria: Subanalysis of ABU homocysteine cross-sectional survey.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):143-152

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Background: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia and folate status in a sample of normal healthy Nigerians living in Zaria as well as assess the relationship between homocysteine, folate, and blood pressure (BP) levels.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional analytical study carried out among 65 normal healthy volunteers aged 18-65 years. Participants were randomly selected from willing patient escorts, hospital employees, and willing staff presenting at the Ahmadu Bello University Medical Centre, Zaria and Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_53_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704811PMC
February 2020

Outcome of acute urinary tract infections caused by uropathogenic with phenotypically demonstrable virulence factors.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):138-142

Department of Microbiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains is one of the most important community-acquired infections in the world. The presence of virulence factors is closely related with the pathogenesis of UTI.

Methods: The present study was conducted on 150 isolates of UPEC obtained from symptomatic and asymptomatic cases of UTIs with significant counts (≥10 CFU/ml) during 1 year. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_49_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704809PMC
February 2020
2 Reads

A prospective randomized comparative study of targeted versus empirical prophylactic antibiotics in the prevention of infective complications following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):132-137

Urology Division, Department of Surgery, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital; Urology Division, Department of Surgery, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: It is established that antibiotic prophylaxis prevents infection following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. This study compares the infective complications in transrectal prostate biopsy (TRPB) in empirical versus targeted prophylactic antibiotics.

Patients And Methods: Urine and rectal swabs were obtained prior to TRPB. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_48_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704807PMC
February 2020
3 Reads

Palliative external beam radiotherapy for advanced breast cancer patients with brain metastasis in the university college hospital Ibadan.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):127-131

Department of ENT Surgery, Specialist Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Background: Brain metastasis is a dreaded complication that significantly reduces the quality of life in breast cancer patients. The treatment options are limited by the inability of many chemotherapeutic agents to cross the blood-brain barrier. Surgery also has a limited role, except in few selected patients with oligometastasis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_42_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704810PMC
February 2020
2 Reads

Inflammation and cancer.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):121-126

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College and Research Centre, New Pargaon, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India.

Inflammation is often associated with the development and progression of cancer. The cells responsible for cancer-associated inflammation are genetically stable and thus are not subjected to rapid emergence of drug resistance; therefore, the targeting of inflammation represents an attractive strategy both for cancer prevention and for cancer therapy. Tumor-extrinsic inflammation is caused by many factors, including bacterial and viral infections, autoimmune diseases, obesity, tobacco smoking, asbestos exposure, and excessive alcohol consumption, all of which increase cancer risk and stimulate malignant progression. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_56_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704802PMC
February 2020

High-flow type of peripheral arteriovenous malformation causing severe cosmetic deformity.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):117-119

Department of Radiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_31_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521637PMC
December 2019
1 Read

Pneumobilia with multiple air-fluid levels on abdominal radiography: A clincher.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):115-116

Department of Radiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_30_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521639PMC
December 2019
3 Reads

Status epilepticus and bilateral middle cerebral artery infarction: A rare presentation after viper bite.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):111-114

Department of Neurology, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Owing to the antihemostatic property of viper venom, hemorrhagic complications including intracerebral hemorrhage are the most commonly encountered after viper bite. Ischemic strokes have been rarely reported after viper envenomation, and its occurrence has been attributed to multiple mechanisms. Postsnakebite seizures are known to occur after neurotoxic bite. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2019/18/2/111/257828
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_21_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521638PMC
December 2019
7 Reads

Successful pregnancy following acquired gynatresia.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):108-110

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Acquired gynatresia is a common gynecological condition in developing countries where puerperal complications and unskilled interventions prevail. A 23-year-old primipara who had spontaneous vaginal delivery complicated by gynatresia had vaginoplasty that failed due to erectile dysfunction in the spouse. She subsequently developed secondary amenorrhea and was relieved with dilatation and evacuation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_12_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521645PMC
December 2019
10 Reads

Serum procalcitonin levels in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in North Indian Population.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):103-107

Department of Physiology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Exacerbations in Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a considerable impact on morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. Procalcitonin (PCT) a polypeptide normally produced in neuroendocrine cells of the thyroid and lungs is a marker of systemic inflammation and bacterial infection.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the levels of PCT in serum of acute exacerbation of COPD patients (AECOPD) and stable COPD patients in North Indian population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_44_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521643PMC
December 2019
2 Reads

Assessment of the knowledge of fathers, uptake of routine immunization, and its associated factors in a rural community of North West Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):97-102

Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Introduction: Father's involvement is essential for the successful immunization of the child, as man is the head of the family and he takes responsibility for all decisions including health and financial issues. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of fathers, uptake of routine immunization (RI), and its associated factors in a rural community of North West Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: The study was a community-based cross-sectional study conducted among the male heads of households residing in a rural community of Sokoto state. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_41_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521641PMC
December 2019
5 Reads

Effect of scaling and root planing on gingival crevicular fluid levels of adrenomedullin in chronic periodontitis patients with and without diabetes mellitus type 2: A clinico-biochemical study.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):92-96

General Dentist, First Choice Community Health Center, Connecticut, United States of America.

Background: Increased plasma adrenomedullin levels are usually observed in certain conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM).

Aims And Objectives: To gauge adrenomedullin values in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of healthy individuals, chronic periodontitis (CP) patients with and without DM, and diabetics without any periodontal involvement, prior and after periodontal therapy.

Materials And Methods: A total of 120 subjects were segregated into four categories of 30 each: Group 1 (healthy subjects), Group 2 (CP without DM), Group 3 (patients with CP and DM), and Group 4 (diabetics without any periodontal involvement). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_40_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521633PMC
December 2019
3 Reads

Clinicopathologic presentation of malignant orbito-ocular tumors in Kano, Nigeria: A prospective multicenter study.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):86-91

Department of Ophthalmology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Background: Malignant orbito-ocular tumors are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the developing countries. Their presentation, morphologic type, and management are challenging, and earlier reports were mostly retrospective surveys. Histological analysis is essential in making correct diagnosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2019/18/2/86/257835
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_37_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521634PMC
December 2019
13 Reads

Prevalence of traumatic dental injury to the anterior teeth in children attending paramilitary and nonparamilitary schools in Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):80-85

Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in the anterior teeth among children attending paramilitary and nonparamilitary schools in Benin City, Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: A multistage sampling technique was used to select children aged 8-12 years with a previous history of trauma to the orofacial region. A self-administered questionnaire was then applied, and each participant was examined clinically. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2019/18/2/80/257832
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_27_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521642PMC
December 2019
6 Reads

Epistaxis: The demographics, etiology, management, and predictors of outcome in Jos, North-Central Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):75-79

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

Background: Epistaxis, though a mere nuisance can have life-threatening consequences. This first study from Jos on epistaxis aims to determine its sociodemographic characteristics, causes, the treatment modalities and the predictors of patient outcome.

Study Design: A retrospective chart review. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_24_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521644PMC
December 2019
16 Reads

Seroprevalence of HIV-2 and dual infection among HIV-infected individuals with clinical and laboratory features at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, Mangalore: The present scenario.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):70-74

Department of Medical Microbiology, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) belongs to the Genus Lentiviruses and is made up of two main types HIV-1 and HIV-2 which are the causative agents of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is well documented that HIV-1 infection is predominantly found, but HIV-2 infection has also been detected occasionally now and then.

Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the seroprevalence of HIV-2 and dual infection in HIV-infected individuals along with the clinical presentation, co-infections, laboratory profile, and outcome of these patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2019/18/2/70/257830
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_23_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521635PMC
December 2019
13 Reads

A comparative study of the efficacy of intravenous benzylpenicillin and intravenous augmentin in the empirical management of Ludwig's angina.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):65-69

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Ludwig's angina is a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by bilateral cellulitis of the submandibular, submental, and sublingual spaces. Intravenous (I.V) penicillin G or amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) has been recommended for use as empirical management before obtaining culture and sensitivity results. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_22_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521646PMC
December 2019
5 Reads

Serum levels of single-carbon metabolism vitamins and homocysteine in head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma: Preliminary report.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):60-64

Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Head-and-neck carcinomas are a heterogeneous group of malignancies arising from the upper aerodigestive tract. Tobacco and alcohol are the leading etiological factors; however, bioactive food components, including those that modulate DNA methylation, are being linked to susceptibility. This work assesses the distribution of head-and-neck cancers presenting at a tertiary health institution and determined the serum level of the vitamins and an amino acid involved in the methionine cycle, in view of increasing acceptance of the significant role of DNA methylation in the pathogenesis of cancers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_18_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521640PMC
December 2019
3 Reads

Relative frequencies of neurological disorders in Northwestern Nigeria: A retrospective study.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Apr-Jun;18(2):55-59

Department of Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Background: Early diagnosis and management of diseases takes a center stage in the control and prevention of chronic debilitating disorders. It also plays a prominent role in ensuring that patients are better equipped on how to deal with the disease burden. One reliable means of achieving this objective is to retrospectively study the frequency of common diseases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_13_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521636PMC
December 2019
5 Reads

Disseminated cysticercosis in an immunocompetent individual.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):51-53

Department of General Medicine, Saveetha Medical College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Cysticercosis is a major public health problem, particularly in developing countries. It is caused by the larvae of the cestode Taenia solium (pork tapeworm). It usually presents as a solitary lesion in the muscle or brain (neurocysticercosis). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_76_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380111PMC
November 2019
7 Reads

Standard treatment guidelines: Perception and utilization in a tertiary health care facility in South-South, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):47-50

Department of Medicine, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Unit, University of Benin Teaching Hospital; Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Background: The Nigerian National Standard Treatment Guidelines (NSTG) was introduced in 2008 and the second edition was launched in 2017. This study evaluated the level of awareness, acceptance, and use of this tool within the Nigerian health-care system.

Methodology: This study was carried out at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2019/18/1/47/251583
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_25_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380114PMC
November 2019
3 Reads

The effect of body mass index and gender on lipid profile in children and adolescents in Saudi Arabia.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):42-46

Department of Paediatrics, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to study the relationship between lipid profile components among different body mass index (BMI) groups and investigate the association between gender and BMI.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study included 218 children and adolescents; 104 males and 114 females. Accepted age range was from 2 to 18 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_17_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380115PMC
November 2019
1 Read