603 results match your criteria Annals of African medicine[Journal]


Disseminated cysticercosis in an immunocompetent individual.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):51-53

Department of General Medicine, Saveetha Medical College, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Cysticercosis is a major public health problem, particularly in developing countries. It is caused by the larvae of the cestode Taenia solium (pork tapeworm). It usually presents as a solitary lesion in the muscle or brain (neurocysticercosis). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_76_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380111PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Standard treatment guidelines: Perception and utilization in a tertiary health care facility in South-South, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):47-50

Department of Medicine, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Unit, University of Benin Teaching Hospital; Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Background: The Nigerian National Standard Treatment Guidelines (NSTG) was introduced in 2008 and the second edition was launched in 2017. This study evaluated the level of awareness, acceptance, and use of this tool within the Nigerian health-care system.

Methodology: This study was carried out at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2019/18/1/47/251583
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_25_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380114PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

The effect of body mass index and gender on lipid profile in children and adolescents in Saudi Arabia.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):42-46

Department of Paediatrics, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to study the relationship between lipid profile components among different body mass index (BMI) groups and investigate the association between gender and BMI.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study included 218 children and adolescents; 104 males and 114 females. Accepted age range was from 2 to 18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_17_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380115PMC
February 2019

Acute perforated appendicitis in adults: Management and complications in Lagos, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):36-41

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, General Surgery Unit, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: Acute perforation of the appendix is one of the complications of appendicitis that is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and hence regarded as a surgical emergency. Risk factors for perforated appencidicits include extremes of age, male sex, pregnancy, immunosuppression, comorbid medical conditions and previous abdominal surgery.

Objectives: This study focuses on the pattern of presentation, risk factors, morbidity and mortality of patients managed for perforated appendicitis in our centre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_11_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380116PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Spectrum of high risk human papillomavirus types in women in Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):30-35

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Context: Infection with oncogenic or high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) types acts as carcinogens in the development of cervical cancer.

Aim: The aim of the study was to detect the genotypes of some hrHPVs among women attending selected hospitals in Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Settings And Design: Hospital-based and cross-sectional that involved the use of structured questionnaires to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_10_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380112PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A comparison of leadership competencies among doctors practicing in public and private hospitals in Jos metropolis of Plateau State, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):23-29

Department of Family Medicine, Kangundo Sub-County Hospital, Ministry of Health, Kenya.

Aim: This study aimed at assessing and comparing perceived leadership competencies of doctors occupying managerial positions in a public and various private hospitals in Jos metropolis of Plateau state, Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional, comparative multicenter study. It involved self-assessment by 27 doctors occupying managerial positions in public and private hospitals within Jos metropolis and peer-assessments by 89 health and nonhealth professionals who worked with the doctor-managers at the time of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_9_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380117PMC
February 2019

Pattern of noma (cancrum oris) and its risk factors in Northwestern Nigeria: A hospital-based retrospective study.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):17-22

Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Background: Noma (cancrum oris) remains the scourge of children and the "face of poverty" in Sub-Saharan Africa. Recent data on the burden of noma and its risk factors are needed for evaluating and redesigning interventions for its prevention and control.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the pattern of noma and its risk factors in Northwestern Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_5_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380110PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Hemorrhoidal disease: Predilection sites, pattern of presentation, and treatment.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):12-16

Oak Endoscopy Centre, Digestive Disease Unit, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Background: An engorgement and prolapse of the anal cushion lead to haemorrhoidal disease. There are different anatomical sites and presentation of this common pathology which affects the quality of life.

Aims: To study the predilection sites, presentation and treatment of haemorrhoidal disease. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2019/18/1/12/251584
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_4_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380113PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Plantar ulcer occurrence among leprosy patients in Northern Nigeria: A study of contributing factors.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):7-11

Netherlands Leprosy Relief, Tador House Rayfield Jos, Nigeira.

Background: The study was conducted in three major leprosy referral hospitals in Northern Nigeria, which are NKST Rehabilitation Hospital, Benue State, Yadakunya Leprosy Hospital, Kano, and National Tuberculosis/Leprosy Training Hospital, Zaria. The main objective of the study was to investigate factors responsible for the occurrence of ulcers among leprosy patients reporting to the leprosy referral hospitals.

Materials And Methods: An analytic study of case-control design was used, with patients having plantar ulcers as cases and those without as control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_162_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380119PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Platform switching technique and crestal bone loss around the dental implants: A systematic review.

Ann Afr Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):1-6

Department of Public Health Dentistry, IDS, Sum hospital, Bhubaneswar, India.

Background: The overall success of dental implants depends on the crestal bone support around the implants. During the initial years of dental implant placement, the bone loss around the implants determines the success rate of treatment. Platform switching (PLS) concept preserves the crestal bone loss, and this approach should be applied clinically for the overall success of dental implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_15_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380118PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Avascular necrosis of the femoral head: An exceptional complication of cushing's disease.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):225-227

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology, University Hospital of Fez, Fez, Morocco.

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is a well-recognized complication of steroid treatment. Exogenous glucocorticoids' administration and alcoholism are the most common nontraumatic etiologies. AVN secondary to endogenous hypercortisolism (HC) is rare; very few case reports are available on this complication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_75_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330779PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Submandibular sialolithiasis: The roles of radiology in its diagnosis and treatment.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):221-224

Department of Radiology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

E. N was a 48-year-old man referred from a peripheral hospital to the Maxillofacial unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, on account of 1-year history of left-sided jaw pain and swelling, particularly after meal. The conventional plain radiograph of the jaws appeared normal as there was no opacity of soft tissue or calcific density visualized. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/4/221/248400
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_64_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330777PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of, and risk factors for erectile dysfunction in male type 2 diabetic outpatient attendees in Enugu, South East Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):215-220

Urology Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.

Context: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a strong predictor of poor quality of life in men with type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Several studies evaluating ED in men with diabetes mellitus have been carried out, but few of these have been done in Nigeria. In Enugu, South East Nigeria, paucity of studies on this subject was observed. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/4/215/248393
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_3_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330780PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

Quantitative analysis of AgNOR counts and pap stain in exfoliative cytology specimens of oral mucosa in bidi smokers and nonsmokers.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):210-214

Private Practitioner, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Background: Bidi smoking is a serious health hazard which is common throughout South Asia and parts of the Middle East. It has been strongly implicated to various benign and malignant lesions of oral cavity and oropharynx. These tobacco-filled leaves deliver more than three times the amount of nicotine, carbon monoxide, and tar as cigarettes which exert injurious effects on cells reflected in terms of accelerated proliferative activity in normal oral mucosal cells. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/4/210/248403
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_69_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330784PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

Low case fatality during 2017 cholera outbreak in Borno State, North Eastern Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):203-209

Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Health, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

Background: Cholera is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in areas affected by natural disaster and human conflict. Northeastern Nigeria is experiencing a health crisis due to the destruction of essential amenities such as health infrastructure, sanitation facilities, water supplies, and human resources by Boko Haram insurgents. In 2017, a cholera outbreak occurred in five local government areas (LGAs) hosting internally displaced persons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_66_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330783PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Effect of ramadan fasting on glycemic control and other essential variables in diabetic patients.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):196-202

Department of Endocrinology, Regenerative and Resorative Medicine Research Centre, International School of Medicine, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Fasting during the holy month of Ramadan is a religious obligation for all Muslims who represent 1.8 billion of the world population (24%). This study explores the effect of Ramadan fasting on the blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), lipid profile, sleeping quality, and essential lifestyle parameters and also explores the safety of fasting for a whole month among diabetic patients. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/4/196/248398
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_63_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330786PMC
December 2018
17 Reads

The role of traditional contraceptive methods in family planning among women attending primary health care centers in Kano.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):189-195

Community Health and Research Initiative, Nassarawa GRA, Kano, Nigeria.

Background: Traditional contraceptive methods (TCMs) have been used by our ancestors for a long time in child spacing before the advent of the modern contraceptive methods but even with the introduction of the modern methods some women prefer and are still using TCMs.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the utilization of traditional contraceptives in child spacing and its association with family size among women of child-bearing age attending primary healthcare centers in Kano.

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among 400 women attending primary healthcare centers in Kano. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_60_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330776PMC
December 2018

Empathy among undergraduate medical students: A cross-sectional study in one Malaysian public medical school.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):183-188

Faculty of Medicine and Defence Health, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, (National Defence University of Malaysia), Kem Perdana Sungai Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Empathy is one of the cardinal components for physician-patient relationships, optimal outcomes in patient care, improved patient satisfaction, greater adherence to therapy, and lower malpractice liability. It is also considered an essential quality for health-care professionals to practice medicine. The aim of the present study was to assess the empathy level of medical students of Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) National Defense University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/4/183/248395
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_57_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330787PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A comparative study of the mechanical properties of clear and pink colored denture base acrylic resins.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):178-182

Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dental Sciences, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra, India.

Context: Pink colored acrylic does not always satisfactorily replicate the natural gingival color, especially in individuals with pigmented mucosa. In such situation clear acrylic denture base material can be used. Hence, there is a need of a comparative study of the mechanical properties of the clear and pink colored denture base resins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_65_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330785PMC
December 2018

Perception and utilization of insecticide-treated mosquito net among caregivers of children in Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):172-177

Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Background: Malaria contributes significantly to under-5 morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan African countries including Nigeria. The rollback malaria (RBM) initiative and millennium developmental goal 6 are the programs targeted at reduction in malaria burden. The target year here is 2015; it would be needful to determine the impact of these programs on lives of at-risk population. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/4/172/248399
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_64_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330782PMC
December 2018
20 Reads

Correlation between circulating level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and insulin resistance in Nigerian women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):168-171

Department of Chemical Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) results from an imbalance between insulin resistance and insulin secretion capacity during pregnancy. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is an inflammatory cytokine that is proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of the insulin resistance, but the findings from studies across different ethnic groups are inconsistent or even conflicting.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between maternal circulating level of TNF-α and insulin resistance in pregnant Nigerian women with GDM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_53_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330778PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Epidemics of meningococcal meningitis in Northern Nigeria focus on preventive measures.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):163-167

Department of Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Throughout the past 200 years, epidemics of meningococcal infection have been noted in Northern Nigeria. Consequently, control of meningococcal meningitis is one of the major priorities in infection control in the region. The proportions of cases of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) caused by the five common serotypes (A, B, C, Y, and W135) vary among different regions and within specific geographic locations. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/4/163/248397
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_62_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330781PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Poststroke emotionalism with dacrystic (Crying) episodes - making a case for risperidone.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):156-158

Department of Medicine, Neurology Unit, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria.

Emotionalism is the abnormal expression of emotions like crying and laughing and could follow stroke, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Emotionalism has been known to respond therapeutically to different classes of drugs including tricyclic antidepressants like imipramine, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) like sertraline and citalopram, anticonvulsants like lamotrigine, dopamine precursors like levodopa and NMDA receptor antagonists like dextromethorphan. Classical antipsychotics are hardly prescribed for emotionalism alone without psychotic features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_24_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126052PMC
September 2018
29 Reads

Clinical pattern and antibiotic sensitivity of bacterial corneal ulcers in Kano, Northern Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):151-155

Department of Ophthalmology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine predisposing factors, common bacterial causes, and antibiotic sensitivity of corneal ulcers in Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital.

Materials And Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional, observational study was carried out on patients with corneal ulcers. Information on relevant clinical, sociodemographic profile was obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_59_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126045PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Outcome of vaginal birth after cesarean section: A retrospective comparative analysis of spontaneous versus induced labor in women with one previous cesarean section.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):145-150

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the success rate of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) in spontaneous and induced labor.

Design: This is an 8-year retrospective comparative study.

Setting: University hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_54_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126055PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Effectiveness of postoperative analgesia in the management of acute pain in day-case surgeries.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):140-144

Department of Surgery, University of Ibadan, University College Hospital Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Surgery is the most common source of acute pain.

Aim: To determine the intensity of acute pain following day case surgery and evaluate the effectiveness of the prescribed analgesics.

Methods: A descriptive observational study carried out at the main operating and the Urology Outpatient theatre suites of the University College Hospital, Ibadan. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/3/140/240189
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_53_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126047PMC
September 2018
13 Reads

Correlating possible predisposing demographics and systemic conditions with the aortic root.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):133-139

Medical Student, School of Medicine, All Saints University, Roseau, Dominica.

Background: The aortic root is an aggregate of various components that connects the left ventricle to the aorta. The most predominant pathologies have been associated with the dilation of the aortic root leading to aneurysms.

Aim: This study is designed to measure the role of systemic morbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, and body mass index (BMI) on the dimension of the aortic root. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/3/133/240188
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_51_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126053PMC
September 2018
93 Reads

Prevalence and factors associated with the use of traditional medicines among human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients in Sokoto, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):125-132

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: In resource-scarce settings like Nigeria, access to conventional drugs and antiretroviral therapy (ART) is highly limited, hence the resort to use of traditional herbal medicine by a significant number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) (PLWHAs). Traditional medicine (TM) continues to provide health coverage for most of the people in developing countries, and it is equally becoming increasingly popular in western countries.

Aim: This study aims to present the status and use of TM and determine the factors associated with its use among patients with HIV/AIDS on highly active ART in a tertiary health institution in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_39_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126049PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Role of high resolution ultrasound complementary to digital mammography.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):117-124

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Background: Breast carcinoma is a major cause of mortality among women worldwide. Early detection and cure is the key to reduce the mortality of the disease. This article studied the role of high resolution ultrasound in detection and characterization of lesions to complement mammographic diagnosis and improve patient management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_36_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126056PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Antibiotic susceptibility of wound swab isolates in a tertiary hospital in Southwest Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):110-116

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Background: Wounds are commonly encountered in the clinical practice. Microbacterial colonization and infection negatively affect wound outcomes. With increasing emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains, it is essential to determine local patterns of wound microbiological profile and antibiotic susceptibility to guide rational empirical antibiotic use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_22_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126054PMC
September 2018

Sonographic assessment of urolithiasis in University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):106-109

Department of Surgery, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Urolithiasis may result in many complications including renal failure. There is a paucity of documented scientific study on the prevalence of urolithiasis in the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital within the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of urolithiasis in patients undergoing ultrasound at University of Abuja Teaching Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_27_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126051PMC
September 2018

A review of bladder cancer in Sub-Saharan Africa: A different disease, with a distinct presentation, assessment, and treatment.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jul-Sep;17(3):99-105

Department of Surgery, Ndola Teaching Hospital, Ndola, Zambia.

Background: Cancer of the bladder is the ninth leading cause of cancer in developed countries. It is the second most common urological malignancy. Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the most common histological subtype in developed countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_48_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126046PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Secondary infection of preaxial polydactyly following varicella infection.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):96-97

Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_42_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875128PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Coexisting cerebral venous sinus thrombosis and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in a preeclamptic female.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):94-95

Department of Radiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_41_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875127PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Acute ischemic stroke thrombolysis with tenecteplase: An institutional experience from South India.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):90-93

Department of Neurology, Kakatiya Medical College and Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Warangal, Telangana, India.

Objective: Outcome assessment of intravenous (IV) thrombolysis with tenecteplase in acute ischemic stroke.

Materials And Methods: We consecutively enrolled acute ischemic stroke patients who underwent IV thrombolysis with tenecteplase from October 2016 to May 2017. Primary clinical efficacy outcome was defined as an improvement in the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score of ≥4 points at 24 h (h). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_50_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875126PMC

Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis following dengue virus infection: A rare entity.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):86-89

Department of Pediatrics, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Association of dengue fever with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis in pediatric age group is a rare entity. We describe a case of 15 year old adolescent male who presented with dengue fever and in whom symptoms of transverse myelitis developed 4 weeks after fever (post-infectious stage). Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis involving dorso-lumbar cord. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_30_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875125PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Concurrent giant tumoral pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia necessitating bilateral mastectomy.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):82-85

Department of Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University and Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria.

Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) is an uncommon benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. Majority occur as diffuse lesions, and diagnosis is often incidental or in a background of other breast pathologies. Bilaterality with multiple tumoral masses in giant breasts is a rarity. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/2/82/227174
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_27_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875124PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Awareness and attitude to deceased kidney donation among health-care workers in Sokoto, Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):75-81

Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Background: Access to renal replacement therapy by the increasing population of patients with end-stage kidney disease across Sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria, has become a major public health challenge. Although deceased kidney donation constitutes a viable source, its uptake by patients is contingent on its acceptance by health-care workers.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the awareness and attitude to deceased kidney donation among health-care workers in Sokoto, Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_52_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875123PMC

Topical ear drop self-medication practice among the Ear, Nose, and Throat patients in Ido Ekiti, Nigeria: A cross - sectional study.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):70-74

Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, / Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti (ABUAD), Nigeria.

Background: Self-medication is a common habit in our country; Nigeria, especially among patients with otorhinolaryngological disorders. Medication when taken wrongly may bring dire consequences to the individual, such as masking developing diseases and may cause many other undesirable effects. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and to analyze topical ear drop self-medication practices among respondents attending the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of Federal Teaching Hospital Ido Ekiti, Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/2/70/227175
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_28_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875122PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Electroencephalography abnormalities in generalized epilepsy and their predictors: A multicenter experience.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):64-69

Department of Psychiatry, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

Background: In spite of the overwhelming significance of knowledge of basic elements of electroencephalography (EEG) in its application to the diagnostic workup and the management of patients with suspected or already established generalized epilepsy (GE), there is a dearth of data on the pattern and utility of clinical variables that can independently determine EEG abnormalities in GE.

Objective: The study was designed to evaluate the frequency and pattern of EEG abnormality as well as assess the utility of clinical variables in predicting the likelihood of an abnormal EEG in GE.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study involving the analysis of EEGs of consecutive patients with clinical diagnosis of idiopathic GE from three centers over a 7-year period. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/2/64/227173
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_2_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875121PMC
July 2018
5 Reads

Correlation of some predisposing intrinsic conditions with the morphological integrity of the Achilles tendon.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):58-63

Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's International School of Medicine, Drill Hall, Northumbria University, Newcastle, England, UK.

Background: Most studies have focused on ill-tendons with a little insight on how intrinsic factors correlate with the Achilles tendon (AT) morphology.

Aim: This study aims at establishing how blood pressure (BP), blood glucose (BG), and body mass index (BMI) correlate with the morphology of the AT with emphasis on width changes.

Materials And Methods: Participants were volunteers who were recruited during and after an organized health fair by the Medical Students' body of All Saints University, School of Medicine, Commonwealth of Dominica. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_49_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875120PMC
July 2018
81 Reads

Nanotechnology and the future of condoms in the prevention of sexually transmitted infections.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):49-57

Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

Objective: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is among the utmost destructive viruses humankind has ever faced in almost four decades. It carries with it profound socioeconomic and public health implications. Unfortunately, there is, currently, no effective cure for HIV infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_32_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875119PMC

Neglected Type III growing skull fracture in a 65-Year-Old female.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jan-Mar;17(1):46-47

Department of Radiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/1/46/223872
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_33_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810094PMC
June 2018
10 Reads

Drug-induced oral erythema multiforme: A diagnostic challenge.

Authors:
Syed Ahmed Taqi

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jan-Mar;17(1):43-45

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Sciences, Division of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Najran University College of Dentistry, Najran, Saudi Arabia.

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (cotrimoxazole or TMP/SMX) is commonly used for the treatment of urinary or lower respiratory tract infections. A comprehensive review is presented of the world literature on adverse reactions to TMP/SMX since its first use in 1968, when concern was expressed about possible hematologic toxicity. The adverse reactions to TMP/SMX occur in approximately 1%-3% of persons in general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_19_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810093PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Sparfloxacin-induced nail pigmentation: A case of fixed drug eruption?

Authors:
Husain Yahya

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jan-Mar;17(1):40-42

Dermatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna, Nigeria.

Sparfloxacin, a synthetic, second generation, broad spectrum aminodifluoroquinolone antibiotic, has excellent penetration into respiratory tissues and has good activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and atypical bacteria. Although it is indicated for the treatment of adult community-acquired pneumonia and acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, its use has been limited by phototoxicity which is more common with it than with other quinolones. We report a case of a 20-year-old Nigerian woman who developed a diffuse blue-black nail pigmentation of thumb and big toe nails, 2 weeks after completing therapy with sparfloxacin, and a recurrence of the pigmentation in the same nails 1 year after taking the drug again. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_16_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810092PMC
June 2018
14 Reads

Evaluation of the cognitive effect of newborn resuscitation training on health-care workers in selected states in Northern Nigeria.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jan-Mar;17(1):33-39

Department of Paediatrics, Stepping Hill Hospital Stockport, Stockport, UK.

Background: Neonatal deaths contribute significantly to slower progress in under-5 mortality reduction. Lack of sufficiently trained birth assistants partly contributes to early neonatal deaths. Resuscitation training equips frontline health-care workers (HCWs) with requisite knowledge and skills to prevent birth asphyxia. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/1/33/223876
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_47_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810091PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Prescribing pattern and antibiotic use for hospitalized children in a Northern Nigerian Teaching Hospital.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jan-Mar;17(1):26-32

Department of Pharmaceutical Services, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria.

Background: Assessment of patterns of drug to detect performance problems and compliance with standards facilitates objective comparisons and impact evaluation. Children are at higher risk of consequences of irrational prescribing and antibiotic misuse.

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the prescribing pattern and utilization of antibiotics for children using standard prescribing indicators and indices of rational drug prescribing. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/1/26/223875
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_44_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810090PMC
June 2018
17 Reads

Current indications for extremity amputations in Maiduguri, North-East Nigeria: A 6-year retrospective review.

Ann Afr Med 2018 Jan-Mar;17(1):22-25

Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria.

Objective: To know the the commonest cause for extremity amputation in UMTH in recent times, following the result of two previous studies citing malignancy and later trauma, at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, a tertiary hospital in North East Nigeria.

Method: We retrieved folders of all patients who had extremity amputation from January 2010 to December 2016 in our center. There were one hundred and sixty three case notes, accounting for one hundred and sixty five amputations. Read More

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http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2018/17/1/22/223874
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_40_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810089PMC
June 2018
28 Reads