408 results match your criteria Annals Of Work Exposures And Health[Journal]


Occupational Asthma and Its Causation in the UK Seafood Processing Industry.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Objectives: The processing of seafood (fish and shellfish) for human consumption can lead to health consequences, including occupational asthma (OA). Several non-UK studies have reported both respiratory outcomes and airborne levels of major allergens in seafood processing. However, there is a paucity of such evidence in the UK land-based seafood processing sector, which employs some 20 000 workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa055DOI Listing

Pilot Educational Intervention to Promote Safe Pesticide Use Practices Among Farmworkers in Nepal.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: The misuse of pesticides among farmworkers in Nepal is commonplace. To address this, we implemented a pilot educational intervention (three modules delivered over 3 days and lasting approximately 3 h each) in Kavre District of Nepal. Modules included: (i) health and environmental effects of pesticides, (ii) use of personal protective equipment, and (iii) label literacy and behavioral factors that influence pesticide exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa054DOI Listing

Physical Work Demands of Childcare Workers in Denmark: Device-Based Measurements and Workplace Observations Among 199 Childcare Workers from 16-Day Nurseries.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Workload, National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.

Objectives: Childcare workers in Denmark have high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) and sickness absence, but the existing knowledge of their physical work demands is limited, hampering preventive initiatives. This study aimed to assess the physical work demands with accelerometers and workplace observations of childcare workers handling children age 0-3.

Methods: Data collection consisted of an electronic survey, anthropometric measurements, accelerometer measurements providing information of physical activity types and postures with Acti4 software from five consecutive workdays, as well as 4-h visual workplace observation per childcare worker from 16 Danish nurseries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa041DOI Listing

Safety Assessment of Electromagnetic Exposure in High-Speed Train Carriage with Full Passengers.

Authors:
Rui Tian Mai Lu

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Key Laboratory of Opto-Technology and Intelligent Control Ministry of Education, Lanzhou Jiao Tong University, No. 88 Anning West Road, Anning District, Lanzhou, China.

The objective of this work is to evaluate the safety of the electromagnetic environment in the carriage of high-speed trains exposed to power cables when the train is full of passengers. The electromagnetic model of a real carriage, two sets of power cables and the 84 passengers were set up by using COMSOL Multiphysics software based on CRH5. The distributions of induced electric and magnetic fields in the carriage, inside and on the surface of passengers were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa048DOI Listing

Operative and Technical Modifications to the Coriolis® µ Air Sampler That Improve Sample Recovery and Biosafety During Microbiological Air Sampling.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology (MTC), Karolinska Institutet, Solnavägen, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.

Detecting infectious aerosols is central for gauging and countering airborne threats. In this regard, the Coriolis® µ cyclonic air sampler is a practical, commercial collector that can be used with various analysis methods to monitor pathogens in air. However, information on how to operate this unit under optimal sampling and biosafety conditions is limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa053DOI Listing

Allergic and Respiratory Symptoms in Employees of Indoor Cannabis Grow Facilities.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: While little is known about the occupational hazards associated with Cannabis cultivation, both historical research in the hemp industry and preliminary data from modern grow houses, suggest that Cannabis workers may be at increased risk of respiratory and allergic diseases.

Objectives: We sought to investigate the association between workplace exposures and health symptoms in an indoor Cannabis grow facility in Washington State, USA.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study with all consenting employees in an indoor Cannabis grow facility in Seattle, WA using a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa050DOI Listing

Occupational Dermatitis in Welding: Does Nickel Exposure Account for Higher Rates in Women? Analysis of a Canadian Cohort.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alberta, 5-22 University Terrace, 8303 112 St, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Objectives: Women are reported to have higher rates of nickel sensitization than men, but there have been few studies of sex-related differences in dermatitis associated with occupational nickel exposure. This analysis examines dermatitis in a large cohort of women and men in welding and electrical occupations and considers how far differences in rates of dermatitis may be accounted for by nickel exposure.

Methods: Women and men were recruited to cohorts of workers who had entered welding and electrical apprenticeships (the WHAT-ME and WHAT-MEN studies). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa049DOI Listing

Isolation gowns as a potential work hazard.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Objectives: Isolation gowns are used as a barrier to bacterial transmission from patient to provider and vice versa. If an isolation gown is ineffective, the patient and provider have a potential breach of safety and increased infection risk. This study compared the bacterial permeability of differently rated, commonly uses isolation gowns to assess their effectiveness in preventing simulated bacterial transmittance, and thus contamination, from patient to provider. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa047DOI Listing

Asbestos Exposure of Chrysotile Miners and Millers in Balangero, Italy.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 May 2. Epub 2020 May 2.

Unit of Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, CPO-Piemonte and University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

The largest chrysotile mine in Western Europe was active in Balangero (Italy) from 1917 to 1990. We quantitatively assessed exposure to asbestos in the framework of a cohort study on mortality of Balangero miners and millers. Using documents filed at the Italian State Archive we reconstructed the job-histories of cohort members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa045DOI Listing

Factors Affecting Asbestosis Mortality Among Asbestos-Cement Workers in Italy.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Unit of Medical Statistics and Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont, Novara, Italy.

Objectives: This study was performed with the aim of investigating the temporal patterns and determinants associated with mortality from asbestosis among 21 cohorts of Asbestos-Cement (AC) workers who were heavily exposed to asbestos fibres.

Methods: Mortality for asbestosis was analysed for a cohort of 13 076 Italian AC workers (18.1% women). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa037DOI Listing

Cannabis: An Emerging Occupational Allergen?

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 23. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Medicine, Center for Translational Medicine and Division of Pulmonary Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Jane and Leonard Korman Respiratory Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, 1020 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Cannabis is the most commonly used psychoactive drug. In recent years, Cannabis access has expanded for both medicinal and non-medicinal has grown. This is also marked with an increasing number of individuals gaining employment in this emerging industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa043DOI Listing

Bioaccessibility of Nickel and Cobalt Released from Occupationally Relevant Alloy and Metal Powders at Simulated Human Exposure Scenarios.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 22. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health, Department of Chemistry, Division of Surface and Corrosion Science, Drottning Kristinas v. 51, Stockholm, Sweden.

Nickel (Ni) and cobalt (Co) release from chromium-alloy powders (different stainless steels and a nickel-based Inconel alloy) compared with Ni and Co metal powders was investigated at simulated human exposure scenarios (ingestion, skin contact, and inhalation) between 2 and 168 h. All investigated powders consisted of particles sized within the respirable range. The powder particles and their surface reactivity were studied by means of nitrogen adsorption and electrochemical, spectroscopic (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic absorption spectroscopy), light scattering, and microscopic techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa042DOI Listing

The Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Different Occupational Groups in New Zealand.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 22. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington Campus, 63 Wallace Street, Wellington, New Zealand.

Objectives: Although cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has been shown to differ between occupations, few studies have specifically evaluated the distribution of known CVD risk factors across occupational groups. This study assessed CVD risk factors in a range of occupational groups in New Zealand, stratified by sex and ethnicity.

Methods: Two probability-based sample surveys of the general New Zealand adult population (2004-2006; n = 3003) and of the indigenous people of New Zealand (Māori; 2009-2010; n = 2107), for which occupational histories and lifestyle factors were collected, were linked with routinely collected health data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa040DOI Listing

Biomonitoring for Occupational Exposure to Diisocyanates: A Systematic Review.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Health and Safety Executive (HSE), Harpur Hill, Buxton, UK.

Diisocyanates are a group of chemicals that are widely used in occupational settings. They are known to induce various health effects, including skin- and respiratory tract sensitization resulting in allergic dermatitis and asthma. Exposure to diisocyanates has been studied in the past decades by using different types of biomonitoring markers and matrices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa038DOI Listing

A Quantitative General Population Job Exposure Matrix for Occupational Noise Exposure.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Occupational Medicine, Danish Ramazzini Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 99, Aarhus N, Denmark.

Occupational noise exposure is a known risk factor for hearing loss and also adverse cardiovascular effects have been suggested. A job exposure matrix (JEM) would enable studies of noise and health on a large scale. The objective of this study was to create a quantitative JEM for occupational noise exposure assessment of the general working population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa034DOI Listing

COVID-19 outbreak in Italy: protecting worker health and the response of the Italian Industrial Hygienists Association.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 16. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Dipartimento di Scienza e Alta Tecnologia, Università degli Studi dell'Insubria, Como, Italy.

The number of people infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome - coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), i.e. the virus causing coronavirus disease (COVID-19), is dramatically increasing worldwide to the size of a pandemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7184418PMC

Occupational Exposure and Ventilation Assessment in New York City Nail Salons.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

The CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, Department of Environmental, Occupational, and Geospatial Health Sciences, New York, NY, USA.

In 2015, New York State enacted new ventilation regulations to protect employees and clients from exposure to chemicals used in nail salons. This study measured common air pollutants found in nail salons and assessed compliance with ventilation requirements. Area sampling was conducted in 12 nail salons located in New York City for three consecutive days (Thursday, Friday, and Saturday) to measure total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs), methyl methacrylate, toluene, and ethyl acetate concentrations and estimate ventilation rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa035DOI Listing

Characterization and Quantification of Ultrafine Particles and Carbonaceous Components from Occupational Exposures to Diesel Particulate Matter in Selected Workplaces.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Questions still exist regarding which indicator better estimates worker's exposure to diesel particulate matter (DPM) and, especially for ultrafine particles (UFP), how exposure levels and the characteristics of the particles vary in workplaces with different exposure conditions. This study aimed to quantify and characterize DPM exposures in three workplaces with different exposure levels: an underground mine, a subway tunnel, and a truck repair workshop. The same sampling strategy was used and included measurements of the particle number concentration (PNC), mass concentration, size distribution, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the characterization of carbonaceous fractions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa027DOI Listing

Performance Comparison of Four Portable FTIR Instruments for Direct-on-Filter Measurement of Respirable Crystalline Silica.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Office of Mine Safety and Health Research, Pittsburgh Mining Research Division (PMRD), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Exposure to dusts containing respirable crystalline silica is a recognized hazard affecting various occupational groups such as miners. Inhalation of respirable crystalline silica can lead to silicosis, which is a potentially fatal lung disease. Currently, miners' exposure to respirable crystalline silica is assessed by collecting filter samples that are sent for laboratory analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa031DOI Listing

Mortality Among Firefighters in Spain: 10 Years of Follow-up.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr 7. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Planta, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare mortality rates for the main causes of death and the most frequent sites of cancer in firefighters and all other occupations.

Methods: Mortality was calculated from a longitudinal study conducted between 2001 and 2011 following a total of 9.5 million men aged 20-64 years old who were in employment in 2001. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa036DOI Listing

A Field Evaluation of Construction Workers' Activity, Hydration Status, and Heat Strain in the Extreme Summer Heat of Saudi Arabia.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 27. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, 61 Wilder Street, Lowell, MA, USA.

Objectives: Assess the impact of summer heat exposure (June-September) on residential construction workers in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia by evaluating (i) heart rate (HR) responses, hydration status, and physical workload among workers in indoor and outdoor construction settings, (ii) factors related to physiological responses to work in hot conditions, and (iii) how well wet-bulb globe temperature-based occupational exposure limits (WBGTOELs) predict measures of heat strain.

Methods: Twenty-three construction workers (plasterers, tilers, and laborers) contributed 260 person-days of monitoring. Workload energy expenditure, HR, fluid intake, and pre- and postshift urine specific gravity (USG) were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa029DOI Listing

The Association of Occupational Noises and the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 27. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Objectives: Previous studies have shown the association of exposure to noise with cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, however, it is not well known whether the exposure has any effect on metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aimed to quantify and clarify the association between noise exposure and the prevalence of MetS.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 among 518 workers in a thermal power plant industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa030DOI Listing

Diesel Exhaust Exposure during Farming Activities: Statistical Modeling of Continuous Black Carbon Concentrations.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 27. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objectives: Daily driving of diesel-powered tractors has been linked to increased lung cancer risk in farmers, yet few studies have quantified exposure levels to diesel exhaust during tractor driving or during other farm activities. We expanded an earlier task-based descriptive investigation of factors associated with real-time exposure levels to black carbon (BC, a surrogate of diesel exhaust) in Iowa farmers by increasing the sample size, collecting repeated measurements, and applying statistical models adapted to continuous measurements.

Methods: The expanded study added 43 days of sampling, for a total of 63 sample days conducted in 2015 and 2016 on 31 Iowa farmers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa032DOI Listing

Occupational Exposure to Secondhand Cannabis Smoke Among Law Enforcement Officers Providing Security at Outdoor Concert Events.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 27. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

CDC, Division of Laboratory Sciences, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mail Stop F-20, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objectives: Numerous states within the USA have legalized cannabis for medical or non-medical (adult/recreational) use. With the increased availability and use of cannabis, occupational and environmental exposures to secondhand cannabis smoke (SHCS) raise concerns over whether non-users may be at risk for a 'contact high', impaired neurocognitive function, harm from irritants and carcinogens in smoke, or potentially failing a cannabis screening test. The extent of health effects from potential occupational exposure to SHCS is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa025DOI Listing

Applying the Hierarchy of Hazard Control to Regulation of Sound Levels in Entertainment Venues.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):342-349

Queensland Conservatorium of Music, Griffith University, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Excessive sound levels at events where amplified music is a central element pose a risk to hearing. Whereas noise exposure in the workplace has been recognized as a hazard for over a century, the potential harm resulting from recreational sound exposure has only become apparent in recent years. In occupational settings where sound levels are high, employers are required to implement risk-mitigation strategies to reduce sound exposure and protect employees in accordance with the hierarchy of controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa018DOI Listing

Covid-19: Protecting Worker Health.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 23. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Institute of Occupational Medicine, Research Avenue North, Edinburgh, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7184324PMC

Evaluation of an Occupational Safety and Health Training for Cannabis Cultivation Workers.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 18. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Axion Health, Broomfield, CO, USA.

Objectives: As the commercial cannabis industry grows, there is an increased need to characterize potentially hazardous workplace exposures and provide training to workers to mitigate these exposures with the goal of reducing accidents and injuries from cannabis cultivation, processing, and manufacturing. Public health and safety stakeholders in Colorado developed a worker-focused training designed to improve hazard awareness, recognition, and controls related to commercial cannabis cultivation. This paper describes the evaluation of this training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa026DOI Listing

International Inventory of Occupational Exposure Information: OMEGA-NET.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa021DOI Listing

Risk Perceptions and Safety Cultures in the Handling of Nanomaterials in Academia and Industry.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lerso Parkallé, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: Work and research with nanomaterials (NMs) has primarily focused on innovation, toxicity, governance, safety management tools, and public perceptions. The aim of this study was to identify academia and industry occupational safety and health (OSH) managers' perceptions and handling of NMs, in relation to safety culture.

Methods: Semistructured interviews were carried out with OSH managers at six academic institutions and six industrial companies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa022DOI Listing

Adoption of Exposure Assessment Tools to Assist in Providing Respiratory Protection Recommendations.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Suite, Boston, MA, USA.

Selecting a proper respirator requires determining the ratio of an employee's maximum use concentration (MUC) divided by the occupational exposure limit of a chemical. Current industrial hygiene practice often is to obtain a percentile estimate (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa023DOI Listing

Exposure to Solar UV During Outdoor Construction Work in Britain.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK.

Excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun in summer can cause skin cancer and in Britain there are around 1500 new cases of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) each year, caused by exposure to solar UV at work. Little is known about the magnitude of UV exposure amongst outdoor construction workers in Britain, although this is one of the main groups at risk. The aim of this paper is to summarise measurements of erythema-weighted UVB radiation amongst construction workers in Scotland and the Southeast of England and interpret the data in terms of the risk of NMSC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa028DOI Listing

Are Powered Air Purifying Respirators a Solution for Protecting Healthcare Workers from Emerging Aerosol-Transmissible Diseases?

Authors:
Lisa M Brosseau

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):339-341

ColfaxSouth LLC, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa024DOI Listing

Use of a Canadian Population-Based Surveillance Cohort to Test Relationships Between Shift Work and Breast, Ovarian, and Prostate Cancer.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):387-401

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objectives: Shift work with circadian disruption is a suspected human carcinogen. Additional population-representative human studies are needed and large population-based linkage cohorts have been explored as an option for surveillance shift work and cancer risk. This study uses a surveillance linkage cohort and job-exposure matrix to test relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa017DOI Listing

Selection and Use of Respiratory Protection by Healthcare Workers to Protect from Infectious Diseases in Hospital Settings.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):368-377

Biosecurity Program, The Kirby Institute, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objectives: Infection control policies and guidelines recommend using facemasks and respirators to protect healthcare workers (HCWs) from respiratory infections. Common types of respirators used in healthcare settings are filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) and powered air-purifying respirators (PAPRs). Aims of this study were to examine the current attitudes and practices of HCWs regarding the selection and use of respiratory protection and determine the acceptability of a novel PAPR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa020DOI Listing

Working Conditions and Work-Related Health Issues of Female Domestic Workers in Four Districts of Karachi.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):378-386

Jinnah Sindh Medical University, APPNA Institute of Public Health, Karachi Cantonmenti, Karachi City, Sindh, Pakistan.

Objectives: To determine the working conditions and work-related health issues of female domestic workers (FDWs) in four districts of Karachi.

Methods: Population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in four squatter settlements of Karachi with sample size of 406 FDWs in 2018. Pretested questionnaire was administered to collect data through snowball technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa019DOI Listing

Estimating Respirable Dust Exposure from Inhalable Dust Exposure.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):430-444

Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the German Soical Accident Insurance, Alte Heerstraße, Sankt Augustin, Germany.

In the sector of occupational safety and health only a limited amount of studies are concerned with the conversion of inhalable to respirable dust. This conversion is of high importance for retrospective evaluations of exposure levels or of occupational diseases. For this reason a possibility to convert inhalable into respirable dust is discussed in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191886PMC

Comparison Between a Job-Exposure Matrix (JEM) Score and Self-Reported Exposures for Carrying Heavy Loads Over the Working Lifetime in the CONSTANCES Cohort.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):455-460

Univ Angers, CHU Angers, Univ Rennes, Inserm, EHESP, Irset (Institut de recherche en santé, environnement et travail)-UMR_S 1085, Angers cedex, France.

Objectives: Job-exposure matrices (JEMs) were developed to allow assessment of past work exposure for large population-based studies where better exposures data are unavailable. Few studies have directly compared biomechanical JEMs to self-administered questionnaires. We compared assessments of cumulative exposure to carrying heavy loads based on 'JEM Constances' to individually self-reported (SR) exposures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa015DOI Listing

Performance of a Single Layer of Clothing or Gloves to Prevent Dermal Exposure to Pesticides.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar;64(3):311-330

Department of Risk Analysis for Products in Development (RAPID), TNO, TA Utrecht, The Netherlands.

The suitability, availability, and use of protective clothing are critical factors determining the actual dermal exposure (ADE) of operators and workers to pesticides. A realistic assessment of occupational exposure to pesticides requires information about the performance of protective clothing during everyday use. In this study, the performance of clothing or gloves has been investigated based on available dermal exposure data in order to provide recommendations for default protection factors that can be used in regulatory exposure assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa002DOI Listing

Lung Asbestos Fibre Burden and Pleural Mesothelioma in Women with Non-occupational Exposure.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar;64(3):297-310

Occupational Health Unit, Local Health Authority, Monfalcone (GO), Italy.

Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) due to environmental and familial (domestic) asbestos exposure is well recognized. However, information on cumulative asbestos dose in subjects affected by MPM is limited.

Objectives: To evaluate the residual lung asbestos fibre and asbestos body burden in women with MPM with past environmental and/or familial asbestos exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa009DOI Listing

Comparison of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Exposure Across Occupations Using Urinary Metabolite 1-Hydroxypyrene.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):445-454

Department of Environmental Health, Korea National Open University, Jongro-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are well-known carcinogens causing lung and skin cancers in exposed workers. Certain occupations, such as coke production, have been associated with high PAH exposure; however, the number of occupations tested to date remains small. Here, we sought to compare PAH exposure across a wide range of occupations based on levels of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP), the urinary exposure surrogate of PAHs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa014DOI Listing

Review of NIOSH Cannabis-Related Health Hazard Evaluations and Research.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Feb 13. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

NIOSH, Division of Field Studies and Engineering, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Since 2004, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has received 10 cannabis-related health hazard evaluation (HHE) investigation requests from law enforcement agencies (n = 5), state-approved cannabis grow operations (n = 4), and a coroner's office (n = 1). Earlier requests concerned potential illicit drug exposures (including cannabis) during law enforcement activities and criminal investigations. Most recently HHE requests have involved state-approved grow operations with potential occupational exposures during commercial cannabis production for medicinal and non-medical (recreational) use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa013DOI Listing
February 2020

Actigraphy-Based Assessment of Sleep Parameters.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):350-367

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Actigraphy, a method for inferring sleep/wake patterns based on movement data gathered using actigraphs, is increasingly used in population-based epidemiologic studies because of its ability to monitor activity in natural settings. Using special software, actigraphic data are analyzed to estimate a range of sleep parameters. To date, despite extensive application of actigraphs in sleep research, published literature specifically detailing the methodology for derivation of sleep parameters is lacking; such information is critical for the appropriate analysis and interpretation of actigraphy data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191872PMC

Analysis of Historical Worker Exposures to Respirable Dust from Talc Mining and Milling Operations in Vermont.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):416-429

Institute for a Sustainable Environment, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA.

Objectives: Talc is mined and milled throughout the world for use in a variety of industrial and consumer products. Although prior studies have evaluated workplace exposures or health effects from talc operations, the primary emphasis of these investigations has been on certain mineral contaminants (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa010DOI Listing

Annals of Work Exposures and Health Performance, 2019.

Authors:
Noah Seixas

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar;64(3):221-222

University of Washington School of Public Health, Environmental & Occuptational Health Sciences, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa012DOI Listing

Prevalence and Recent Trends in Exposure to Night Shiftwork in Canada.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar;64(3):270-281

CAREX Canada, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Objectives: Night shiftwork has been linked to various health outcomes. Knowing where and to what extent workers are exposed to this type of shiftwork can help prioritize areas for intervention and further study. This study describes recent estimates of exposure to night shiftwork in Canada for 2011, and temporal trends from 1997 to 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa001DOI Listing

Skin Barrier Impairment due to the Occlusive Effect of Firefighter Clothing.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar;64(3):331-337

Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Department of Dermatology, GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

At fire scenes, firefighters are exposed to potentially harmful substances. Besides inhalation of these products, also skin contamination and the risk of dermal absorption is getting more attention. In this perspective, skin barrier impairment due to the occlusive effect of firefighter clothes could enhance the risk of penetration of hazardous substances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa005DOI Listing

Occupational Co-exposures to Multiple Chemical Agents from Workplace Measurements by the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Apr;64(4):402-415

Health Innovation and Evaluation Hub, University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM), Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Objectives: The occupational environment represents an important source of exposures to multiplehazards for workers' health. Although it is recognized that mixtures of agents may have differenteffects on health compared to their individual effects, studies generally focus on the assessment ofindividual exposures. Our objective was to identify occupational co-exposures occurring in the United States using the multi-industry occupational exposure databank of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa008DOI Listing

Defining 'Integration' for Total Worker Health®: A New Proposal.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar;64(3):223-235

Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, UConn Health, Farmington, CT, USA.

The effects of work and the conditions of employment on health behaviors and intermediate health conditions have been demonstrated, to the extent that these relationships should be addressed in efforts to prevent chronic disease. However, conventional health promotion practice generally focuses on personal risk factors and individual behavior change. In an effort to find solutions to the myriad of health challenges faced by the American workforce, the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7064271PMC

Eliminating Take-Home Exposures: Recognizing the Role of Occupational Health and Safety in Broader Community Health.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar;64(3):236-249

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Toxic contaminants inadvertently brought from the workplace to the home, known as take-home or paraoccupational exposures, have often been framed as a problem that arises due to unsanitary worker behavior. This review article conceptualizes take-home exposures as a public health hazard by (i) investigating the history of take-home contaminants and how they have been studied, (ii) arguing that an ecosocial view of the problem is essential for effective prevention, (iii) summarizing key structural vulnerabilities that lead populations to be at risk, and (iv) discussing future research and prevention effort needs. This article reframes take-home exposures as one of many chronic pathways that contributes to persistent health disparities among workers, their families, and communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxaa006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7064272PMC

Extrapolating the Applicability of Measurement Data on Worker Inhalation Exposure to Chemical Substances.

Ann Work Expo Health 2020 Mar;64(3):250-269

TNO, HE Zeist, The Netherlands.

Measured data are generally preferred to modelled estimates of exposure. Grouping and read-across is already widely used and accepted approach in toxicology, but an appropriate approach and guidance on how to use existing exposure measurement data on one substance and work situation for another substance and/or work situation is currently not available. This study presents a framework for an extensive read-across of existing worker inhalable exposure measurement data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxz097DOI Listing